Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 18, 2016
The 2016 HFSP Career Development Awards
The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization has selected eight of its fellowship holders to receive the highly sought after Career Development Award.

Small birds' vision: Not so sharp but superfast
One may expect a creature that darts around its habitat to be capable of perceiving rapid changes as well.

New biotechnology to inhibit microRNA activity and novel applications
Today at the 45th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, researcher Brad Amendt, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA, will present a study titled 'New Biotechnology to Inhibit MicroRNA Activity and Novel Applications for Craniofacial and Dental Research.'

Evidence-practice gap for sealant application: Results from a dental PBRN
Today at the 45th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, researcher Naoki Kakudate, Kyushu Dental University, Kyushu Dental University, Japan, will present a study titled 'Evidence-Practice Gap for Sealant Application: Results from a Dental PBRN.'

China's forest recovery shows hope for mitigating global climate change
China's sweeping program to restore forests across the country is working.

New effects of ketamine abuse uncovered
Research conducted by scientists at the University of York has revealed how recreational ketamine abuse damages the bladder.

Astronomers found a star with a record variation period
The Lomonosov Moscow State University astronomers who created a global network of robotelescopes MASTER detected that a bright star TYC 2505-672-1 has actually faded significantly.

Secukinumab in ankylosing spondylitis or psoriatic arthritis: Added benefit not proven
Drug manufacturer presented no relevant data and claimed no added benefit.

Scripps Florida scientists win $1.4 million grant to develop new ways to block breast cancer
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have received a $1.4 million grant from the Department of Defense to develop a series of drug candidates that act against molecules closely linked with the growth of cancer cells.

PolyU develops integrated iWheelchair system
With a tablet computer as the centralized operation platform, the system integrates a variety of functions such as environment control, as well as safety, health and hygiene monitoring with automated alert, which better caters for the needs of users and reduce the workload of their caregivers.

Building owners 'face risks' from chlorine-resistant bacteria
Buildings with storage tanks can face increased risks from chlorine-resistant bacteria in water, according to researchers at the University of Strathclyde.

USC researchers discover a key difference between mouse and human kidney cells
The best laid plans of mice and men are a bit different -- at least when it comes to kidney development.

Before retinal cells die, they regenerate, Penn vet blindness study finds
In a new study, Penn researchers have shown that retinal cells in three distinct forms of canine early-onset blindness possess an unexpected feature: they temporarily rejuvenate.

China Event: Reducing the Global Cardiovascular Disease Burden
Please join the American College of Cardiology, with the support of the United States Department of Commerce's International Trade Agency, for a discussion on the ACC's global mission to advance cardiovascular health and improve patient care.

Microbiome associated with severe caries in Canadian First Nations children
Today at the 45th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, researcher Robert Schroth, University of Manitoba, Children's Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada, will present a study titled 'Microbiome Associated With Severe Caries in Canadian First Nations Children.'

Scientists receive grant to sequence Cowpea genome
A team of University of California, Riverside scientists has received a nearly $1.6 million grant from the National Science Foundation to sequence the genome of the cowpea and further their research developing superior cowpea breeding lines.

Turning mortal enemies into allies? Ants can.
On an African plateau surrounded by flat-topped trees as far as the eye could see, wind whistled through the acacia thorns like someone blowing across a bottle.

FAPESP Week 2016 set to stimulate cooperation between scientists in Brazil and the US
Researchers from Brazil and the United States will attend two symposia between March 28, 2016 and April 1, 2016 at the University of Michigan (UM) and Ohio State University (OSU) to present and discuss scientific cooperation between the two countries in research projects on Genomics, Environment and Sustainability, Human Health, Engineering, Agriculture and Water, Bioinformatics, New Materials, and Law and Social Justice.

Educating community research facilitators helps protect integrity of study results
A recent study by researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine reports that educating community health workers and other 'citizen scientists' can improve knowledge of basic research concepts and ultimately boost the integrity of scientific research.

Maths could help search and rescue ships sail more safely in heavy seas
A unique new computer model built on highly complex mathematics could make it possible to design safer versions of the 'fast ships' widely used in search & rescue, anti-drugs, anti-piracy and many other vital offshore operations.

Google glass meets organs-on-chips
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have developed hardware and software to remotely monitor and control devices that mimic the human physiological system.

Forgetting to learn
They say that once you've learned to ride a bicycle, you never forget how to do it.

Computer-assisted approaches as decision support systems serving to combat the Zika virus
No drug is known to treat ZIKV infection; neither do we have any vaccine which can prevent the spread of it.

Why are women more prone to knee injuries than men?
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have found that women who take the birth control pill, which lessen and stabilize estrogen levels, were less likely to suffer serious knee injuries.

Why marketing and HR executives need to coordinate their activities
Chief marketing officers and chief human resource officers need to better coordinate their activities to maximize company value, according to a new paper by strategic management and marketing experts at Rice University and Kent State University.

Moffitt pathologists identify new potential target in ovarian serous cancer
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers discovered that patients with ovarian serous cancer and an overexpression of the HER4 protein are less likely to respond to chemotherapy and have a lower rate of survival.

Addendum on regorafenib in metastatic colorectal cancer: Added benefit no longer proven
Drug manufacturer subsequently submitted data analyses that reveal additional disadvantages in quality of life.

The 2016 HFSP Research Grants
The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization is awarding about 34 million USD to the 32 winning teams of the 2016 competition for the HFSP Research Grants.

Dissecting the animal diet, past and present
Researchers at Yale and the Smithsonian Institution say it's time to settle a very old food fight.

Study shows precision medicine's potential to define the genetics of autoimmune disease
Demonstrating the potential of precision medicine, an international study based at UT Southwestern Medical Center used next-generation DNA sequencing technology to identify more than 1,000 gene variants that affect susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

Lesbian, gay, bisexual Canadians report higher rates of mental health issues
Gay, lesbian and bisexual Canadians experience more mood and anxiety disorders than other Canadians, and they are more likely to turn to heavy drinking.

Your brain might be hard-wired for altruism
By temporarily inactivating a part of the brain involved in impulse-control, a pair of UCLA neuroscientists has discovered compelling evidence that we're hardwired for altruism.

Advances in big data: Implications for dental research
A symposium titled 'Advances in Big Data: Implications for Dental Research' will take place today at the 45th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research.

Stanford scientists develop new technique for imaging cells and tissues under the skin
A team of Stanford Bio-X scientists developed the first technique for viewing cells and tissues in three dimensions under the skin.

Study sheds light on patterns behind brain, heart systems; circadian rhythms
A Washington University in St. Louis engineer has found a new way to control chemical oscillation that could help regulate biorhythms involving the heart, brain and circadian cycles.

Penn researchers show rising opioid prescriptions following low-risk surgeries
Physicians are prescribing more opioid painkillers than ever before to patients undergoing common surgeries, according to new research from the department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Longevity of restorative treatments in pediatric patients: EBD in the era of EHR
Today at the 45th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, researcher Natalia Chalmers, National Institutes of Health National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, DentaQuest Institute, Bethesda, Md., USA, will present a study titled 'Longevity of Restorative Treatments in Pediatric Patients: EBD in the Era of EHR.'

Capturing the acid-base reactions in alcohol
Prof. Kwon's work has been selected to appear on the front cover of the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.

Identification of rare ADCY9 mutations and non-syndromic oral clefts in Puerto Ricans
Today at the 45th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, researcher Carmen Buxó-Martínez, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, will present a study titled 'Identification of Rare ADCY9 Mutations and Non-syndromic Oral Clefts in Puerto Ricans.'

New research gathers more evidence for innovative stroke treatment
New research has provided more evidence that an innovative treatment strategy may help prevent brain swelling and death in stroke patients.

EARTH: Protracted drought threatens California levees
Although the El Nino-induced floods are making the most news in California right now, it's not actually the floods that are threatening some California levees the most.

New gene identified as cause, early indicator of breast cancer
When mutated, a gene known for its ability to repair DNA, appears to instead cause breast cancer, scientists report.

New study supports link between Omega-3 supplementation and reduction in depression
A new meta-analysis published in Translational Psychiatry supports the link between intake of EPA and DHA omega-3 fatty acids, nutrients found in certain varieties of fatty fish, and reduction in major depressive disorder (MDD).

Antibiotics for appendicitis -- yes and no
Using antibiotics as the primary treatment for mild appendicitis does not increase the risk for complications at least in the first year.

AADR/ADA: Bridging research evidence and clinical decision-making
A symposium titled 'AADR/ADA: Bridging Research Evidence and Clinical Decision-making' will take place today at the 45th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research.

Researchers track neural stem cells by coloring chicken eggs from the inside
An overwhelming number of researchers still struggle within the black hole of the effectiveness and safety of stem cell therapy for neurological diseases.

Speeding up accuracy of flood risk assessment
Research from the University of Adelaide hopes to provide advances in the planning for flood risk, thanks to a new, faster method of assessing the highly complex factors that cause floods in a specific location.

Spelling mutations and evolutionary advantages
DNA codes carrying instructions for creating a protein can sometimes be 'spelt' differently, although they specify the exact same sequence information to create that protein.

Acceptability of alternative drugs and strategies to prevent malaria in pregnancy in Kenya
Researchers at LSTM, working with colleagues at the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention USA, the Kenya Medical Research Institute, and from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, have completed a study to assess the acceptability among pregnant women and health providers in Kenya of a new drug as an alternative to the standard drug used to prevent malaria in pregnancy.

Dabrafenib/trametinib: Considerable added benefit for men with advanced melanoma
Based on the study data subsequently submitted, there is now an indication of considerable added benefit for men; there is still major added benefit for women.

Ocean acidification takes a toll on California's coastline at nighttime
A new study, based on the most-extensive set of measurements ever made in tide pools, suggests that ocean acidification will increasingly put many marine organisms at risk by exacerbating normal changes in ocean chemistry that occur overnight.

New online version of the Chinese intolerance of uncertainty scale -- is it valid?
A new study examines how well the Internet-based Chinese language version of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale -- which evaluates a person's reactions to ambiguous situations and attempts to control the future -- compares to the traditional paper-and-pencil test.

College can cultivate innovative entrepreneurial intentions
Innovative entrepreneurial intentions -- or the aim to create new products and bring them to market, rather than replicating existing products -- are boosted by college experiences, according to research by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

World Bank climate policy officer describes keys to success of the Paris agreement
The historic climate agreement reached by more than 190 nations in December 2015 will require more than just the individual efforts of participating countries to meet their commitments to mitigate climate change.

Cobimetinib in melanoma with BRAF V600 mutation: Indication of minor added benefit
Negative effects in several patient-relevant outcomes resulted in a downgrading of the extent of the positive effects.

Rescue inhaler study: New approach increases mastery of life-saving technique
A rescue inhaler can be a lifesaver during an asthma or COPD flareup, but using a rescue inhaler is complicated and misuse is common, putting patients' lives at risk.

The science of watching paint dry
New research published today in the journal Physical Review Letters has described a new physical mechanism that separates particles according to their size during the drying of wet coatings.

NASA sees heavy rain in Tropical Cyclone Emeraude
Heavy rainfall was occurring Tropical Cyclone Emeraude when the Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM passed over the Southern Indian Ocean and measured the rainfall rate.

Cryptographic system lets users control access to their data
Cryptographic system would allow users to decide which applications access which aspects of their data.

Cell Transplantation research presented at Eighth Annual PPSSC Conference
Studies published in the May 2016 issue of Cell Transplantation (25(5)) were presented at the 8th Annual Meeting of the Pan Pacific Symposium on Stem Cells and Cancer Research, held in in Hsinchu, Taiwan from April 11-13 of 2015.

Natural resilience to major life stressors is not as common as thought
New research from Arizona State University finds that natural resilience may not be as common as once thought and that when confronted with a major life-altering event many people can struggle considerably and for longer periods of time.

Is Alaska's first new butterfly species in decades an ancient hybrid?
Some might say it takes a rare breed to survive the Alaska wilderness.

The 2016 HFSP postdoctoral fellowship awards
The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization is pleased to announce the names of the recipients of HFSP international postdoctoral fellowships for 2016 following a rigorous selection process in a global competition.

Physicians Committee applauds EPA decision to reduce animal use in pesticides testing
The Environmental Protection Agency announced yesterday in a letter to stakeholders from the Director of the Office of Pesticide Programs that to 'better ensure protection of human health... its immediate goal is to significantly reduce the use of animals' in pesticides testing requirements collectively called the '6-pack.'

Most eccentric planet ever known flashes astronomers with reflected light
A team of astronomers has spotted an extrasolar planet that boasts the most eccentric orbit ever seen. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to