Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 21, 2016
Nanoparticle-based cancer therapies shown to work in humans
A team of researchers led by Caltech scientists have shown that nanoparticles can function to target tumors while avoiding adjacent healthy tissue in human cancer patients.

US heart disease rates decline overall; some Southern areas see less progress
While US heart disease death rates have declined overall, new research reveals significant differences in rates of decline over 40 years among America's counties.

UTA researcher shows affordable housing not so affordable when transportation costs soar
Shima Hamidi, a University of Texas at Arlington assistant professor in the College of Architecture, Planning and Public Affairs, published a study in Housing Policy Debate journal that assesses the affordability of US Department of Housing and Urban Development rental assistance properties from the perspective of transportation costs.

Tiny water flea, big cost: Scientists say invasive species impacts much worse than thought
A new study shows the economic and ecological impact of invasive species in the Great Lakes has been dramatically underestimated.

Adding stress management to cardiac rehab cuts new incidents in half
Patients recovering from heart attacks or other heart trouble could cut their risk of another heart incident by half if they incorporate stress management into their treatment, according to research from Duke Health.

Plants boost extreme temperatures by 5°C
Heatwaves from Europe to China are likely to be more intense and result in maximum temperatures that are 3°C to 5°C warmer than previously estimated by the middle of the century -- all because of the way plants on the ground respond to carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Antipsychotic drugs linked to increased mortality among Parkinson's disease patients
At least half of Parkinson's disease patients experience psychosis at some point during the course of their illness, and physicians commonly prescribe antipsychotic drugs, such as quetiapine, to treat the condition.

Autism genes are in all of us, new research reveals
New light has been shed on the genetic relationship between autistic spectrum disorders and ASD-related traits in the wider population, by a team of international researchers including academics from the University of Bristol, the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, and Massachusetts General Hospital.

Bioinvasion ecology: 'Biological Invasions in Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems'
New book presents a clear and accessible understanding of biological invasions, its impacts, patterns and mechanisms in both aquatic and terrestrial systems.

Crash risk soars among truck drivers who fail to adhere to sleep apnea treatment
The largest study of obstructive sleep apnea and crash risk among CMV drivers involved 1,613 truck drivers with sleep apnea and an equal number of controls.

Racial, socioeconomic disparities in genomic test used in early-stage breast cancer
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published today in the Journal of Clinical Oncology shows that African American patients are significantly less likely to receive a common test that predicts the seriousness of early-stage, estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer.

UT center continues quest for low-cost, high-quality bioenergy
The University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture Center for Renewable Carbon is the lead institution in a $4 million study funded by the US Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office that will allow the CRC and its partners to explore in greater detail some feedstock supply and logistical issues.

Pathologists often disagree on breast biopsy results when diagnosing DCIS
A study applying B-Path (Breast Pathology) Study results to patient populations found that pathologists disagree with one another about 8 percent of the time when diagnosing a single breast biopsy slide.

Wrinkles and crumples make graphene better
Brown University researchers have developed a method for making super-wrinkled and super-crumpled sheets of the nanomaterial graphene.

Giving antibodies to infant macaques exposed to an HIV-like virus could clear infection
Scientists at the Oregon National Primate Research Center today revealed that infant rhesus macaques treated with antibodies within 24 hours of being exposed to SHIV, a chimeric simian virus that bears the HIV envelope protein, were completely cleared of the virus.

Grass and flowers sourced locally
Colourful, low-intensity grasslands do not only look attractive, but also offer valuable habitat for many plants and animals.

Even with higher education, obese women run greater risk of depression
Even with higher education, women with a body mass index of 30-34.9 (obese I) have double the risk of depression compared with women of normal weight and same educational attainment.

Old tourist photos show seabird's rise over the last century
Researchers reporting in Current Biology on March 21 have used tourist photos from Stora Karlsö to reconstruct the rise and fall of common guillemots, one of the largest auk species.

Biodiversity brings disease resistance: Novel study
A novel study of a Tibetan alpine meadow has shown a clear link between higher biodiversity and greater infectious disease resistance.

Lehigh scientists extend the reach of single crystals
Materials scientists and physicists at Lehigh University have demonstrated a new method of making single crystals that could enable a wider range of materials to be used in microelectronics, solar energy devices and other high-technology applications.

IBS Creates a wearable graphene-based biomedical device to monitor and combat diabetes
GP-based patch from the Center for Nanoparticle Research is capable of non-invasive blood sugar monitoring and painless drug delivery.

New study may lead to improved treatment of type 2 diabetes
Worldwide, 400 million people live with diabetes. Patients with diabetes mostly fall into one of two categories, type 1 diabetics, triggered by autoimmunity at a young age, and type 2 diabetics, caused by metabolic dysfunction of the liver.

Supporting the bioimaging revolution
The rapid rise of high-resolution 3-D cellular imaging techniques in biology demands data solutions -- and EMBL is there to provide them.

Lighting up disease-carrying mosquitoes
Robert Meagher, a chemical engineer at Sandia National Laboratories, has developed a simple technique for simultaneously detecting RNA from West Nile and chikungunya virus in samples from mosquitoes.

Reverse your diabetes -- and you can stay diabetes-free long-term
A new study from Newcastle University, UK, has shown that people who reverse their diabetes and then keep their weight down remain free of diabetes.

Production of butter from shea trees in West Africa pushed back 1,000 years
University of Oregon anthropologists have pushed back the history of harvesting shea trees in West Africa by more than 1,000 years earlier than previously believed.

Cambridge to explore benefits of multilingualism with new AHRC research project
The University of Cambridge is to launch a major new research project to study the benefits of multilingualism to individuals and society, and transform attitudes to languages in the UK, as part of the AHRC's Open World Research Initiative.

Archaeologists create 3-D interactive digital reconstruction of King Richard III
On first year anniversary of the week in which King Richard III was reinterred, Leicester archaeologists use sophisticated photogrammetry software to create fully rotatable computer model which shows the king's remains in-situ.

Back to the essence of medical treatment in oncology
The latest article to appear on ESMO Open highlights ESMO's hope that the 2015 WHO Model List of Essential Medicines will empower oncologists and advocates to demand routine availability of the medicines considered essential to guarantee quality care of cancer patients

Sustainable processing of rare earths
Researchers at the Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology are developing a new strategy for processing the Vietnamese 'Nam Xe' rare earth ore deposits in an environmentally friendly and economical manner.

Beyond DNA: TGen points the way to enhanced precision medicine with RNA sequencing
Researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) are showing how genetic analysis using RNA sequencing can vastly enhance that understanding, providing doctors and their patients with more precise tools to target the underlying causes of disease, and help recommend the best course of action.

New way to control particle motions on 2-D materials
An MIT study points the way to new photonic devices with one-way traffic lanes.

The weight of rejection
For heavier individuals, the anticipation of rejection drives down self-esteem and ratchets up stress, say UCSB psychologists.

A new model for how twisted bundles take shape
In the current issue of Nature Materials, polymer scientists at the UMass Amherst and Virginia Tech identify for the first time the factors that govern the final morphology of self-assembling chiral filament bundles.

Plants take on fungal tenants on demand
Innate immune system of the thale cress plant ensures a good phosphate supply

US adults get failing grade in healthy lifestyle behavior
Only 2.7 percent of the US adult population achieves all four of some basic behavioral characteristics that researchers say would constitute a 'healthy lifestyle' and help protect against cardiovascular disease, a recent study concluded.

Psychiatric diagnoses in young transgender women
About 41 percent of young transgender women had one or more mental health or substance dependence diagnoses and nearly 1 in 5 had two or more psychiatric diagnoses in a study of participants enrolled in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention intervention trial, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Mothers and daughters
EMBL scientists have observed how an egg cell gets rid of its centrioles -- structures that play a crucial role in cell division -- to ensure the proper development of the embryo.

Gold chip ion-trap captures Science Photography Competition's top prize
An image of a gold chip used to trap ions for use in quantum computing has won the overall prize in a national science photography competition, organized by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

Conservation silver bullet: Invasive-mammal removal yields major biodiversity benefits
Continued investment in invasive mammal eradications on islands offers a highly effective opportunity to stem the loss of our world's biodiversity.

RIT/NTID researchers receive $450,000 grant for longitudinal study of vision in deaf children
Matthew Dye and Peter Hauser of Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the Deaf received a National Science Foundation grant to study how hearing levels and early-language experience influence deaf children's vision.

From feeling to reacting: A 2-way street between temperature sensing, brain activity
Nagoya University researchers reveal how perceived external information is converted into a succession of neural activities that are crucial for appropriate navigation in an environment.

Beyond Alzheimer's: Study reveals how mix of brain ailments drives dementia
An analysis based on long-term studies of nuns and Japanese American men provides compelling new evidence that dementia often results from a mix of brain pathologies, rather than a single condition.

Truckers with sleep apnea who do not follow treatment have greater crash risk
Truck drivers who have obstructive sleep apnea and who do not attempt to adhere to a mandated treatment program have a fivefold increase in the risk of a severe crash.

Global warming pushes wines into uncharted terroir
In much of France and Switzerland, the best wine years are traditionally those with an exceptionally hot summer and late-season drought.

Engineers adapt laser method to create micro energy units
As the demand for thinner microelectronic devices increases, manufacturers often are limited by how oddly shaped the energy sources must become to make them conform to the smaller space.

Drought alters recovery of Rocky Mountain forests after fire
A changing climate is altering the ability of Rocky Mountain forests to recover from wildfire, according to a new study published in the journal Global Ecology and Biogeography.

A healthy gut could help prevent deadly side effect of bone marrow transplant
Researchers found a metabolite in the gut microbiome that could improve outcomes after bone marrow transplant.

Genomic study of epidemic dysentery reveals how Europe exported a scourge worldwide
The largest genetic study on the bacterium responsible for epidemic dysentery has revealed that the Shigella dysenteriae pathogen, which remains a real scourge in Africa and Asia, probably originated in Europe.

Entanglement becomes easier to measure
Physicists have developed a new protocol to detect entanglement of many-particle quantum states using a much easier approach.

'Silencer molecules' switch off cancer's ability to spread around body
Scientists have revealed that a key molecule in breast and lung cancer cells can help switch off the cancers' ability to spread around the body.

Risk of multiple tipping points should be triggering urgent action on climate change
Pioneering new research, carried out by the Universities of Exeter, Zurich, Stanford and Chicago, shows that existing studies have massively under-valued the risk that ongoing carbon dioxide emissions pose of triggering damaging tipping points.

Solar fuels: A refined protective layer for the 'artificial leaf'
A team at the HZB Institute for Solar Fuels has developed a process for providing sensitive semiconductors for solar water splitting ('artificial leaves') with an organic, transparent protective layer.

Seeing isn't required to gesture like a native speaker
People the world over gesture when they talk, and they tend to gesture in certain ways depending on the language they speak.

Over 70% of essential crop wild relative species in urgent need of collection
A first of its kind global mapping project reveals gaps in wild crop genetic diversity for agriculture to adapt to future climate change.

Out-of-hospital births are on the rise
United States' out-of-hospital births increased to nearly 60,000 in 2014, continuing a decade-long increase.

Eastern Monarch butterflies at risk of extinction unless numbers increase
Long-term declines in the overwintering Eastern population of North American monarch butterflies are significantly increasing their likelihood of becoming extinct over the next two decades, according to Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego and US Geological Survey research published today.

NASA marks major milestones for the James Webb Space Telescope
NASA's James Webb Space Telescope just got a little closer to launch with the completion of cryogenic testing on its science cameras and spectrographs and the installation of the final flight mirrors.

Reconstructing folding funnels from experimental data to uncover proteins' inner life
Understanding the sequence-structure-function relationship -- the 'protein folding problem' -- is one of the great, unsolved problems in physical chemistry, and is of inestimable scientific value in exposing the inner workings of life and the rational design of molecular machines.

Penn vet study identifies mechanism explaining female bias in autoimmunity
Possessing two X chromosomes is a double-edged sword, immunologically speaking.

New international research reinforces the link between public policy and life expectancy
New research led by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) shows that life expectancy declined significantly and rapidly in three countries where policy changes increased access to prescription opioids, alcohol or illicit drugs.

Technicolor zebrafish reveal how skin heals
Every cell on the surface of a transgenic 'Skinbow' zebrafish is genetically programmed to glow with a slightly different hue.

Video: Morphing metal shapes future of soft robotics
Cornell University engineering professor Rob Shepherd and his group have created a hybrid material featuring stiff metal and soft, porous rubber foam that combines the best properties of both -- stiffness when it's called for, and elasticity when a change of shape is required.

Free pap screening did not increase participation
1,562 women were offered free gynecological pap test screening in three socioeconomically disadvantaged areas in Gothenburg, in 2013.

Review and view of future in cancer in adolescents, young adults
A narrative review published online by JAMA Pediatrics examines the current status of cancer in adolescents and young adults and offers a view of the future.

Individualized cancer treatment targeting the tumor, not the whole body, a step closer
QUT researchers have developed a new 3-D printable hydrogel that opens the way to rapid, personalized cancer treatment by enabling multiple, simultaneous tests to find the correct therapy to target a particular tumor.

Sleep suppresses brain rebalancing
Why humans and other animals sleep is one of the remaining deep mysteries of physiology.

No joke: Blondes aren't dumb, science says
The 'dumb blonde' stereotype is simply wrong, according to a new national study of young baby boomers.

Parasites of endangered animals should be conserved
Conservation managers who try to keep members of endangered animal species parasite-free are well-intentioned but this approach is misguided, according to a new research paper co-authored by a zoologist at New Zealand's University of Otago.

Surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease found safe
A new analysis indicates that death rates and the need for additional operations following laparoscopic surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease are very low.

CU study: Fires, drought in changing climate affecting high-altitude forests
Large, severe fires in the West followed by increasing drought conditions as the planet warms are leading to lower tree densities and increased patchiness in high-elevation forests, according to a new study involving the University of Colorado Boulder.

NASA study finds climate change shifting wine grape harvests in France and Switzerland
A new study from NASA and Harvard University finds that climate change is diminishing an important link between droughts and the timing of wine grape harvests in France and Switzerland.

Scientists say many plants don't respond to warming as thought
A global study suggests that increases in plant respiration that could occur under global warming might not be as big as previously estimated, especially in the coldest regions.

Many parents wary of online doctor ratings
When it comes to choosing a doctor, the majority of parents aren't convinced online ratings are reliable -- or even real, a new national poll shows.

How yeast makes heads or tails of itself
Even the simplest creatures have their wonders, as a new piece of science shows.

Discussing older adults' values, goals helps guide healthcare providers during illnesses
When you're an older adult faced with a life-threatening illness -- especially if you're also dealing with other chronic health problems -- your expressed values can guide your healthcare provider to helping you decide on the most appropriate treatment approach for you.

Long-acting injectable protects against vaginal HIV transmission
In an effort to minimize obstacles to adherence and prevent vaginal HIV transmission, researchers from the division of infectious diseases at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine and collaborators from Merck demonstrated the effectiveness of a new long-acting formulation of the HIV drug raltegravir in animal models.

Parasites reveal how evolution has molded an ancient nuclear structure
The architecture of the nuclear pore complex is similar in humans and yeast, suggesting that it had been established over a billion years ago.

Smaller corn particle size means more energy for pigs, lower costs for producers
The results of new research at the University of Illinois indicate it is possible for producers to reduce feed costs if yellow dent corn, a staple of swine diets in the United States, is ground to a finer particle size.

New gravity map gives best view yet inside Mars
A new map of Mars' gravity made with three NASA spacecraft is the most detailed to date, providing a revealing glimpse into the hidden interior of the Red Planet.

Results from 'Operation Brain Trauma Therapy' Consortium reported in Journal of Neurotrauma
The screening of five therapies for traumatic brain injury (TBI) by the consortium known as Operation Brain Trauma Therapy (OBTT) are published in a new special issue of Journal of Neurotrauma.

Biological factors predict which viruses will cause human epidemics
The identification of biological factors that predict which viruses are most likely to spread among humans could help prevent and contain outbreaks, a study in today's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reports.

IU biochemist finds solution to 'acid shock' in craft brewers' sour beer production
Indiana University researchers have found that conditions common in the production of certain types of craft beers can inhibit the successful production of these brews, risking a growing segment of an industry whose economic impact was recently estimated at $55 billion.

New tool to improve blood pressure measurement
Oxford University researchers have developed a prediction model that uses three separate blood pressure readings taken in a single consultation and basic patient characteristics to give an adjusted blood pressure reading that is significantly more accurate than existing models for identifying hypertension.

Caught for the first time: The early flash of an exploding star
NASA's planet hunter, the Kepler space telescope, has captured the brilliant flash of an exploding star's shock wave -- what astronomers call the 'shock breakout' of a supernova -- for the first time in visible light wavelengths.

The invisible world of human perception
Perception experts have long known that we see less of the world than we think we do.

Skin regeneration in technicolor
Skin regeneration, either after injury or normally to replace dead skin, is difficult to observe at the cellular level.

Rosacea linked to increased Parkinson disease risk in Danish population study
Patients with rosacea, a chronic inflammatory skin condition, appeared to have increased risk of new-onset Parkinson disease compared with individuals in the general Danish population but further studies are need to confirm this observation and the clinical consequences of it, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

IUPUI researchers use stem cells to identify cellular processes related to glaucoma
Using stem cells derived from human skin cells, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis researches have successfully demonstrated the ability to turn stem cells into retinal ganglion cells, the neurons that conduct visual information from the eye to the brain.

Top 50 most wanted fungi: New search function zooms in on the dark fungal diversity
There are many millions of undescribed fungi. As a result, public DNA sequence databases abound with fungal sequences that are unidentified even at the phylum level.

High-risk lung cancer patients may not need annual screenings
Most high-risk lung cancer patients might not need annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screenings if they are cleared of disease in their initial test, according to a study led by a Duke Cancer Institute researcher.

Truck drivers who fail to adhere to sleep apnea treatment have higher crash rate
Truck drivers with obstructive sleep apnea who failed to adhere to treatment had a rate of preventable crashes five times higher than that of truckers without the ailment, according to researchers from Harvard T.H.

Temple scientists eliminate HIV-1 from genome of human T-Cells
A specialized gene editing system designed by scientists at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University is paving the way to an eventual cure for patients infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Many species now going extinct may vanish without a fossil trace
Scientists struggle to compare the magnitude of Earth's ongoing sixth mass-extinction event with the five great die-offs of prehistory.

DNA markers link season of birth and allergy risk
Researchers at the University of Southampton have discovered specific markers on DNA that link the season of birth to risk of allergy in later life.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite sees Emeraude weakening
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Emeraude on March 21 as it continued weakening in the Southern Indian Ocean.

ORNL-NIST team explores nanoscale objects and processes with microwave microscopy
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the National Institute of Standards and Technology have demonstrated a nondestructive way to observe nanoscale objects and processes in conditions simulating their normal operating environments.

Uncovering bacterial role in platinum formation
Australian scientists have uncovered the important role of specialist bacteria in the formation and movement of platinum and related metals in surface environments.

Fewer Americans now pray, believe in God
The percentage of Americans who prayed or believed in God reached an all-time low in 2014.

Recycling pecan wood for commercial growing substrates
A study evaluated vegetative growth and leaf nutrient responses of chrysanthemum grown in five pecan wood chip substrate levels that substituted 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of peatmoss by volume.

TGen identifies 'hypervirulent' strain of strep outbreak in Arizona and the Southwest
The Translational Genomics Research Institute has helped state, local and tribal health officials identify an outbreak of 'hypervirulent' strep bacteria in the American Southwest.

Tiny, ancient galaxy preserves record of catastrophic event
The lightest few elements in the periodic table formed minutes after the Big Bang.

Parsing conservation information on cycad species
An empirical exercise to gain a deeper understanding of the status of the world's cycad genera.

Protecting 30 percent of the ocean has many benefits, study suggests
Protecting large stretches of the ocean from human influence may well be good for conservation.

Astrophysicists catch 2 supernovae at the moment of explosion
An international team of astrophysicists led by Peter Garnavich, professor of astrophysics at the University of Notre Dame, has caught two supernovae in the act of exploding.

Human carbon release rate is unprecedented in the past 66 million years of Earth's history
New research published today in Nature Geoscience by Richard Zeebe, professor at the University of Hawai'i - Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), and colleagues looks at changes of Earth's temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) since the end of the age of the dinosaurs.

Pumping up energy storage with metal oxides
Material scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have found certain metal oxides increase capacity and improve cycling performance in lithium-ion batteries.

Why did we invent pottery?
Archaeologists at the University of York, leading a large international team, have revealed surprising new insights into why pottery production increased significantly at the end of the last Ice Age -- with culture playing a bigger role than expected.

City birds are smarter than country birds
Birds living in urban environments are smarter than birds from rural environments.

Certain mealtime practices at hospitals may help patients eat better
New research confirms that hospital patients often eat poorly, and that the hospital mealtime environment may contribute to this problem.

A quartet of genes controls growth of blood stem cells
An important element in getting blood stem cells to multiply outside the body is to understand which of the approximately 20,000 genes in the human body control their growth.

Survival of the hardest working
An engineering team at Washington University in St. Louis developed a cellular kill switch, a sensor that rewards hard working cells and eliminates their lazy counterparts.

Yellow as the sunrise
What is it that walnut leaves, mushrooms and Coreopsis have in common?

Social media beneficial for sharing and building upon patient experiences, research shows
University of Leicester research suggests patients often seek medical knowledge from social media platforms rather than traditional medical sources.

For older adults with dementia, transitions in care can increase risk for serious problems
Having coordinated care and a long-term care plan in place that considers the needs of a person with dementia may reduce unnecessary transitions, say the authors of a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

UGA researchers find potential treatment for prostate cancer
Researchers at the University of Georgia have created a new therapeutic for prostate cancer that has shown great efficacy in mouse models of the disease.

Island foxes may need genetic rescue
The island fox has made a remarkable comeback from the brink of extinction, with three of six populations on their way to becoming the fastest mammal recovered under the Endangered Species Act.

York University astrophysicists detect ultra-fast winds near supermassive black hole
Researchers have found the fastest winds ever seen at ultraviolet wavelengths near a supermassive black hole.

Travel burden linked with likelihood of receiving radiation therapy to treat rectal cancer
Increased travel distance to a cancer treatment facility negatively impacts the likelihood that patients with stage II/III rectal cancer will receive radiation therapy (RT) to treat their disease, according to a study analyzing 26,845 patient records from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) that was published in the March 2016 issue of International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics (Red Journal), the official scientific journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).

NINDS hosts 2016 Alzheimer's Disease-Related Dementias Summit
March 29-30, 2016, the NIH will host a summit of researchers, scientists and clinicians to discuss the advances and research priorities in the field of Alzheimer's disease-related dementias (ADRDs), in particular updating what progress has been made since the first summit held in May 2013.

Of warming and wine
By examining more than 500 years of harvest records, researchers found winegrape harvests across France, on average, now occur two weeks earlier than in the past, largely due to climate change.

Tracing the scent of fear
A new study has identified nerve cells and a region of the brain behind this innate fear response.

Improving therapy for a very common disorder, generalized anxiety
Results of a five-year, randomized clinical trial of a new combined treatment approach for severe generalized anxiety disorder led by Henny Westra at York University, Toronto, with Michael Constantino at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Martin Antony at Ryerson University, Toronto, suggest that integrating motivational interviewing with cognitive behavioral therapy improves long-term patient improvement rates than CBT alone.

Stress management may enhance cardiac rehab, improve recovery
Heart patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation programs that included stress management had fewer cardiac events than patents in rehab without stress management.

The evolution of altruistic defense in enslaved ants
New research looks at the evolution of an altruistic defense by enslaved Temnothorax longispinosus ant workers that rebel against their social parasite Temnothorax americanus, a slavemaking ant.

The EMBO community welcomes Malta
EMBO is pleased to announce that Malta has joined its intergovernmental funding body, the European Molecular Biology Conference (EMBC).

Record-breaking ultraviolet winds discovered near black hole
The fastest winds at ultraviolet wavelengths have been discovered near a supermassive black hole.

New way to treat cancer and vessel diseases
Cell biologists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University discovered a new way of regulating of cell motility -- this discovery will make possible development of new drugs for curing onco- and vessel diseases.

Articles focus on OTC medications, dietary supplements & complementary/alternative medicine
More older adults used multiple medications and dietary supplements, and taking them together put more people at increased risk for a major drug interaction, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Research provides insights on lethal blindness in a Scottish bird of conservation concern
The Scottish bird population of red-billed choughs, which currently totals less than 60 breeding pairs and is of major conservation concern, is being affected by lethal blindness that is passed on by non-blind individuals that carry a mutant gene

More elderly using dangerous drug combinations
One in six older adults now regularly use potentially deadly combinations of prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements -- a two-fold increase over a five-year period.

The center of the Milky Way
A team of international researchers including members of the Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg has revealed a source of galactic cosmic radiation with petaelectronvolt energies for the first time: the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way.

Breakthrough technology to improve cyber security
An international research team has made a breakthrough in generating single photons, as carriers of quantum information in security systems.

Bacteria's Achilles heel uncovered by single molecule chemistry
Drug resistant bacteria are fast becoming one of the big worries of the 21 century.

Nanolight at the edge
Researchers from CIC nanoGUNE, in collaboration with ICFO and Graphenea, have demonstrated how infrared light can be captured by nanostructures made of graphene.

Eating polyunsaturated fats linked to slowing diabetes progress for some
Research led by a dietitian at King's College London has found that replacing saturated fat in the diet with polyunsaturated fat, found in foods such as vegetable oils or nuts, is linked to slower progress of type 2 diabetes in people with prediabetes whose muscles do not take up glucose properly.

Details revealed for how plant creates anticancer compounds
Catharanthus roseus (rosy periwinkle) is a plant that produces organic compounds used to treat cancer, arrhythmia, and other medical conditions.

Better safe than sorry: Babies make quick judgments about adults' anger
New research from the University of Washington finds that babies form generalizations about adults' anger and try to appease those they think might be anger-prone.

International team at the MDI Biological Lab is deciphering the aging code
The role of dietary restriction in extending lifespan is the subject of research being conducted at the MDI Biological Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine, by visiting scientist Markus Schosserer, Ph.D., of the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, in Austria.

Transplant drug helpful for patients with progressive liver condition
New research indicates that mycophenolate mofetil, a drug that is usually used to prevent rejection after kidney, heart or liver transplant, seems safe and effective in treating autoimmune hepatitis, a serious chronic liver disease that mainly affects women. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to