Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 22, 2016
Enhancing sleep after brain injury reduces brain damage and cognitive decline in rats
Enhancing sleep after a head injury may help prevent some damage to brain cells, according to a study in rats published March 23 in The Journal of Neuroscience.

Blending therapies improves treatment of severe anxiety: York U researcher
During a randomized clinical trial, 85 participants underwent treatment for severe generalized anxiety disorder.

Springer Nature to extend content sharing to whole Springer Nature-owned journal portfolio
Springer Nature announces today that it will extend its year-long content sharing trial to enable its research articles to be freely shared with all researchers and the wider public via its authors, subscribers and global media partners.

NREL's capabilities boost a wide range of innovative ARPA-E research
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will play key roles in a variety of projects recently funded by the Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E).

UMD receives $10 million from USDA for sustainable water reuse, food, and health
In the face of climate change, finding alternative sources of water to grow food that is safe to eat has become a national priority.

Mixed-strain malaria infections influence drug resistance
When hosts are co-infected with drug-resistant and drug-sensitive strains, both strains are competitively suppressed.

Louisiana Tech University lecture series to host expert in metabolic, molecular medicine
Dr. Joseph Bass, the Charles F. Kettering Professor of Medicine at the Feinberg School of Medicine and chief of the Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine at Northwestern University, will visit Louisiana Tech University on April 4 as part of the New Frontiers in Biomedical Research lecture series.

Is moderate drinking really good for you?
Many people believe a glass of wine with dinner will help them live longer and healthier -- but the scientific evidence is shaky at best, according to a new research analysis.

Printing nanomaterials with plasma
Printing has come a long way since the days of Johannes Gutenberg.

How to spot elder abuse and neglect in the ER: Things are not always as they seem
When older adults in severely debilitated states show up for treatment in the emergency department, emergency physicians and staff must be able to identify and document their symptoms and decide whether to report their concerns to adult protective services.

Unaccounted for Arctic microbes appear to be speeding up glacier melting
Today, at the Microbiology Society's Annual Conference in Liverpool, scientists will reveal how Arctic microbes are increasing the rate at which glaciers melt, in a process not accounted for in current climate change models.

Study: Brain metabolism predicts fluid intelligence in young adults
A healthy brain is critical to a person's cognitive abilities, but measuring brain health can be a complicated endeavor.

University of Leicester mathematicians provide solution to 78 year old mystery
University of Leicester research brings old problem of adaptation energy to light.

Global spread of Zika linked to types of mosquitos that transmit it
More cities than previously assumed could soon grapple with the Zika virus if two species of mosquitos are found to be equally effective carriers of the disease, a University of Texas at Austin disease ecologist and his colleagues argue in the current edition of The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Police view blacks as 'suspects first, civilians second'
Most of the Ferguson protestors believed police view black people as worthless thugs and white people as innocent and superior -- perceptions that, true or not, affect police-community relations in an era of persistent racial strife.

Lake Erie phosphorus-reduction targets challenging but achievable
Large-scale changes to agricultural practices will be required to meet the goal of reducing levels of algae-promoting phosphorus in Lake Erie by 40 percent, a new University of Michigan-led, multi-institution computer modeling study concludes.

Solar storms trigger Jupiter's 'Northern Lights'
Solar storms trigger Jupiter's intense 'Northern Lights' by generating a new X-ray aurora that is eight times brighter than normal and hundreds of times more energetic than Earth's aurora borealis, finds new UCL-led research using NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory.

Why sexual harassment is worse than other types of abuse online
While many women gamers can shrug off much of the name-calling and abuse they receive while playing online video games, sexual harassment sticks with them even when they're offline.

Human-driven carbon release rate unprecedented in past 66 million years
The earliest measurements of Earth's climate using thermometers and other tools start in the 1850s.

UMass Amherst astronomers report most 'outrageously' luminous galaxies ever observed
Astronomers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst report that they have observed the most luminous galaxies ever seen in the Universe, objects so bright that established descriptors such as 'ultra-' and 'hyper-luminous' used to describe previously brightest known galaxies don't even come close.

Greenhouse gas mitigation potential from livestock sector revealed
Scientists have found that the global livestock sector can maintain the economic and social benefits it delivers while significantly reducing emissions, and in doing so help meet the global mitigation challenge.

Improving benchtop particle accelerators
Researchers propose a new way to improve the beam quality in laser wakefield accelerators, which are small and inexpensive enough to bring high energy physics experiments to a wide variety of universities and labs.

New book outlines 'the intellectual terrain of statistics'
In 'The Seven Pillars of Statistical Wisdom,' published in March by the Harvard University Press, Stephen Stigler identifies seven fundamental principles of statistics, a largely interdisciplinary field.

Genomes of chimpanzee parasite species reveal evolution of human malaria
An international team used an amplification technique to sequence the genomes of two divergent Plasmodium malaria species from miniscule volumes of chimpanzee blood to find clues about the evolution and pathogenicity of Plasmodium falciparum, the deadliest malaria parasite that affects people.

Study shows levels of panda hearing
A new study may help conservationists understand the potential for human activities to disturb giant pandas in native habitats.

Many targeted cancer therapies suppress T cell immune responses
New research from The Wistar Institute demonstrated that dozens of these targeted therapies suppressed the activity of T cells that could actually help fight tumors.

ORNL seeking US manufacturers to license low-cost carbon fiber process
Researchers have demonstrated a production method they estimate will reduce the cost of carbon fiber as much as 50 percent and the energy used in its production by more than 60 percent.

ORNL researchers invent tougher plastic with 50 percent renewable content
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have made a better thermoplastic by replacing styrene with lignin, a brittle, rigid polymer that, with cellulose, forms the woody cell walls of plants.

Antibiotic exposure in infancy not associated with weight gain in childhood
Exposure to antibiotics within the first 6 months of life compared with no exposure among nearly 40,000 children was not associated with a significant difference in weight gain through age 7, according to a study appearing in the March 22/29 issue of JAMA.

Government use of technology has potential to increase food security
Acceptance of information technology can play a vital role in meeting the demand for food in developing countries, according to a new study by Iowa State University researchers.

Georgia State's Deocampo participates in White House Water Summit
Daniel Deocampo, associate professor and chair of Geosciences at Georgia State University, will attend the White House Water Summit today (March 22) to share his plans for bringing new technologies and workforce development to the water economy of the southeastern United States.

Nanotechnology for label-free colorimetric detection of c-myc mRNA oncogene
Detection of cancer-specific oncogenes is crucial to the early diagnosis of cancer and the effectiveness of subsequent treatment.

Beckman Foundation renews support for science mentoring at UChicago
The Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation has renewed its three-year award with the University of Chicago to fund undergraduate STEM research, one of only 12 so honored this year.

USDA awards $8.5 million to improve communities' water sources
In celebration of World Water Day the US Department of Agriculture today awarded more than $8.5 million in grants that 10 universities will use to help communities improve water resource quality and quantity.

New treatment reduces precancerous polyps in hereditary cancer patients
Inheriting a mutation in the APC gene leads to a nearly 100 percent lifetime risk of colorectal cancer.

Plant's morning calls to prepare for the night
Plants prepare for cold evenings by triggering biological processes, such as closing of their stomata and synthesizing wax to prevent water loss.

£6.8 million grant to develop next-generation lithium batteries
A new research consortium involving Professor Saiful Islam from the University of Bath's Department of Chemistry has been awarded £6.8 million by the Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) to explore and develop next-generation lithium batteries.

Scientists distinguish molecules most capable of fighting prostate cancer
Scientists from MIPT (Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology), MSU (Moscow State University), and National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS' provided an overview of the most promising compounds which can be used as medications for prostate cancer.

Bath semiconductor research boosted by new nano-scale patterning equipment
The University of Bath is the only university in the UK to have installed a unique Nano-Lithography printing system, enabling Bath to lead the way in the development of advanced manufacturing techniques for nano-engineered semiconductors.

Adherence to Japanese diet guidelines linked to longer life
Closer adherence to Japanese dietary guidelines is associated with a lower risk of death from all causes and death from cardiovascular disease, particularly stroke, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

Should doctors boycott working in Australia's immigration detention centers?
In The BMJ this week, two experts debate whether doctors should boycott working in Australia's immigration detention centers.

Football training reduces the risk of disease in elderly men
A new scientific study shows that long-term recreational football training produces a number of marked improvements in health profile for 63-75 year old untrained men -- including a reduced risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and diabetes.

Tropical depression Emeraude a swirl in NASA imagery
Tropical Cyclone Emeraude was pummeled by northeasterly wind shear that weakened the storm into a depression by March 22, 2016 before the Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead.

New study ranks methods to induce labor on effectiveness and cost
Researchers from the University of Liverpool's Institute of Translational Medicine and colleagues from the University of Bristol's School of Social and Community Medicine have conducted a review of the clinical and cost effectiveness of labor induction methods.

BPA substitute can trigger fat cell formation
Exposure to a substitute chemical often used to replace bisphenol A in plastics can encourage the formation of fat cells, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's journal Endocrinology.

Stirling scientist wins £1.1 million to tackle global environmental conflicts
University of Stirling scientist, Dr. Nils Bunnefeld, is tackling one of the biggest environmental problems facing government agencies and communities across the globe -how humans and wildlife can co-exist successfully.

Boston University enters research agreement with Janssen
In an effort to accelerate disease interception approaches to the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer, Boston University School of Medicine has entered into a $10.1 million research agreement with Janssen Research & Development, LLC, one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies.

Brain to foot: Come in, foot!
Injuries to the spinal cord partially or completely disrupt the neural pathways between the brain and the limbs.

Fish bond when they eat the same food
For some fish, it makes more sense to swim around with those that share their taste in food -- and smell similar in the process -- than to shoal with members of their own species.

Made ya look: Moviegoers may have little control over eye movements, study finds
Lester Loschky, associate professor of psychological sciences, recently published a study in PLOS ONE, which suggests viewers may have limited cognitive control of their eye movements while trying to understand films.

New research program aims to improve health care staff's approach to domestic violence
Researchers at the University of Bristol have received more than £2.5 million from the National Institute for Health Research to carry out research that aims to increase the safety and well-being of victims of domestic violence and abuse.

Migratory birds disperse seeds long distances
Some species of plants are capable of colonizing new habitats thanks to birds that transport their seeds in their plumage or digestive tract.

Protecting the pancreas: Compound fights fibrosis in animal model
Saint Louis University scientists identify a gorup of progteins as new and imporatnt players in the mechanism that causes pancreatic fibrosis.

Use of open access platforms for clinical trial data
In a study appearing in the March 22/29 issue of JAMA, Ann Marie Navar, M.D., Ph.D., of Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, and colleagues examined how shared clinical trial data are being used.

DNA molecules directly interact with each other based on sequence, study finds
Proteins play a large role in DNA regulation, but a new study finds that DNA molecules directly interact with one another in a way that's dependent on the sequence of the DNA and epigenetic factors.

Gene variants found to strongly improve bone density in girls
Pediatric researchers have found that rare genetic changes strongly increase the likelihood that a child will have higher bone density, but only in girls.

Microagents with revolutionary potential
Micro and nanorobots that attack tumors with maximum precision using drugs: this is what the fight against cancer may look like in the future.

Cricket players more successful when batting the 'wrong' way
Cricket batsmen who bat the 'wrong' way have a stunning advantage according to new research published in the scientific journal Sports Medicine.

SSRI antidepressants not associated with an increased risk cardiovascular conditions
Commonly used antidepressants, known as 'selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors', are not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular conditions, such as heart attacks and strokes, according to new research at The University of Nottingham.

Social media use associated with depression among US young adults
The more time young adults use social media, the more likely they are to be depressed, according to new research from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Immunoproteasome inhibits healing function of macrophages
Scientists of Helmholtz Zentrum München, a partner in the German Center for Lung Research, have observed that the immunoproteasome inhibits the repair function of alveolar macrophages.

First evidence found that 'cryptic female choice' is adaptive
Researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago studying chinook salmon have provided the first evidence that 'cryptic female choice' (CFC) enhances fertilization success and embryo survival.

Calcium waves in the brain alleviate depressive behavior in mice
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have discovered that the benefits of stimulating the brain with direct current come from its effects on astrocytes -- not neurons -- in the mouse brain.

Forensic researchers set standards for X-ray identification of bodies
Forensic researchers have for the first time established science-based standards for identifying human remains based on X-rays of an individual's spine, upper leg or the side of the skull.

Experts urge UK parliament to take action to reduce food waste
As UK supermarkets pledge to cut food waste by 20 percent within the next decade, experts are calling on the government to take legislative action and debate the Food Waste (Reduction) Bill.

Scientists offer new insight on rare genetic condition
All children are screened for a host of conditions at birth, such as Phenylketonuria, a genetic disorder that is passed by mutated genes from both parents to their offspring.

Nitrogen factories in the Cretaceous oceans
Researchers have discovered a 'bizarre' microorganism which plays a key role in the food web of Earth's oceans.

Research advance may lead to new treatments for glaucoma
Researchers have developed a tool to not only model the underlying disease mechanisms of glaucoma, but also to help discover and test new pharmacological strategies to combat the neurodegeneration that occurs in patients with glaucoma.

Discovery of extinct bat doubles diversity of native Hawaiian land mammals
The Hawaiian Islands have long been thought to support just one endemic land mammal in the archipelago's brief geologic history, the Hawaiian hoary bat.

SSRI antidepressants not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular conditions
Commonly used antidepressants, known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, are not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular conditions, such as heart attacks and strokes in people aged below 65, finds a study published in The BMJ today.

Contact lenses alter eye bacteria, making it more skin-like
Contact lenses may alter the natural microbial community of the eyes, according to a study published this week in mBio®, an online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Infrequent home computer use may be indicative of early cognitive decline
A new study sheds light on a powerful tool that may detect signs of Alzheimer's disease before patients show any symptoms of cognitive decline: the home computer.

New method measures nicotine delivery from e-cigarettes
The effectiveness of e-cigarettes as a smoking substitute will likely rely on whether they can consistently provide the amount of nicotine a smoker needs to resist the desire to return to traditional cigarettes.

The Lancet Oncology: Study suggests most female childhood cancer survivors have good chance of becoming pregnant
For women who have survived childhood cancer, the impact of modern chemotherapy regimens on the likelihood of becoming pregnant is generally small, and most have a good chance of conceiving, according to one of the largest studies of its kind published in The Lancet Oncology.

New chemistries found for liquid batteries
Grid-scale approach to rechargeable power storage gets new arsenal of possible materials, MIT researchers find.

'Watchdog' for greenhouse gas emissions
Mistakes can happen when estimating emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane.

Unravelling the secret of antibiotic resistance
Scientists from the University of Leeds have solved a 25-year-old question about how a family of proteins allow bacteria to resist the effects of certain antibiotics.

Why are people allergic to peanuts? (video)
For 1 to 2 percent of the global population, eating a peanut butter and jelly sandwich could be potentially fatal.

Using frog foam to deliver antibiotics
Today, at the Microbiology Society's Annual Conference in Liverpool, scientists will show that the foam made by Trinidadian frogs represents a new, non-toxic antibiotic delivery system that may help to prevent infections.

Noise disrupts the tactile skills of premature babies
Premature birth is a harsh change of environment for a baby.

Reporting all FGM in the UK as child abuse may not be the best way to reduce prevalence
A multifaceted approach of training health workers, educating at-risk woman and incorporating mandatory screening for female genital mutilation (FGM) risk factors during antenatal care may be more effective than mandatory reporting of FGM as child abuse, according to Maria Luisa Amasanti, from the Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, UK, and colleagues in an Essay published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

National Science Foundation invests in a clean water future
Today, at the White House Water Summit, the National Science Foundation joins other federal agencies to emphasize its commitment to a sustainable water future.

A new-structure magnetic memory device developed
The research group of Professor Hideo Ohno and Associate Professor Shunsuke Fukami of Tohoku University has developed a new-structure magnetic memory device utilizing spin-orbit torque-induced magnetization switching.

OHSU study: Tetanus shots needed every 30 years, not every 10
Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University are challenging the convention that tetanus and diphtheria vaccine boosters need to be administered every 10 years.

Use of mindfulness-based stress reduction for chronic low back pain
Among adults with chronic low back pain, both mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavioral therapy resulted in greater improvement in back pain and functional limitations when compared with usual care, according to a study appearing in the March 22/29 issue of JAMA.

Antibiotics before age 2 increases risk for childhood obesity
A study1 published online in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association, found that administration of three or more courses of antibiotics before children reach an age of 2 years is associated with an increased risk of early childhood obesity.

Renewed efforts to reauthorize Older Americans Act will solidify services for older adults
The Older Americans Act Reauthorization Act of 2015, key legislation to deliver social and protective services to older adults through 2018, has passed the US House of Representatives and now moves to the Senate -- the last hurdle on the road to implementation, but one that will still require sustained support from the public and health professionals alike.

Drug combination reduces polyps for patients with high risk for colorectal cancer
In a study appearing in the March 22/29 issue of JAMA, Deborah W.

Scientists reveal how animals find their way 'in the dark'
Scientists have revealed the brain activity in animals that helps them find food and other vital resources in unfamiliar environments where there are no cues, such as lights and sounds, to guide them.

Chemical exposure linked to 1.4 billion euros in women's health care costs
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals may contribute to reproductive health problems experienced by hundreds of thousands of women, costing European Union an estimated €1.4 billion ($1.5 billion) a year in health care expenditures and lost earning potential, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Ancient seaweed fossils some of the oldest of multicellular life
UWM paleontologist Stephen Dornbos is on an international research team that has found fossilized multicellular marine algae, or seaweed, dating back more than 555 million years, ranking among the oldest examples of multicellular life on Earth.

New guideline addresses long-term needs of head and neck cancer survivors
A new American Cancer Society guideline provides clinicians with recommendations on key areas of clinical follow-up care for survivors of head and neck cancer.

Making the most out of biological observations data
Creating and maintaining a biodiversity data collection has been a much-needed worldwide exercise for years, yet there is no single standard on how to do this.

Carbon leads the way in clean energy
Groundbreaking research at Griffith University is leading the way in clean energy, with the use of carbon as a way to deliver energy using hydrogen.

Microsoft's Xbox Kinect breathes new life into respiratory assessment
Xbox Kinects could be used in the future to assess the health of patients with conditions such as cystic fibrosis.

Lymphoma overrides a key protein's quadruple locks
Protein chemists at Johns Hopkins report they are closer to explaining why certain blood cancers are able to crack a molecular security system and run rampant.

UC San Diego Health joins National Clinical Trial on hemophilia B gene therapy
The Hemophilia and Thrombosis Treatment Center at UC San Diego Health has joined a nationwide clinical trial testing a potential gene therapy that may one day provide a better and long-lasting treatment for people with hemophilia B.

GSA supports symposia organized by student and postdoc members
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to support a new round of GSA Trainee-Organized Symposia, which are organized by student and postdoctoral members of the Society.

ASAA's SleepHealth mobile study app grows along with Apple
Today, the American Sleep Apnea Association (ASAA) announced that its SleepHealth app takes advantage of improvements in Apple iOS 9.3 by being the first ResearchKit app to incorporate the new Night Shift mode into its study and wellness tool.

Why do sunbathers live longer than those who avoid the sun?
New research looks into the paradox that women who sunbathe are likely to live longer than those who avoid the sun, even though sunbathers are at an increased risk of developing skin cancer.

Personality traits can be revealed by movement, study shows
The ground-breaking study could open up new pathways for health professionals to diagnose and treat mental health conditions in the future.

No more washing: Nano-enhanced textiles clean themselves with light
Pioneering research paves way towards nano-enhanced textiles that can spontaneously clean themselves of stains and grime simply by being put under a light bulb or worn out in the sun.

Mindfulness meditation eases chronic low back pain
Meditation long has been practiced as a way to calm the mind, and possibly achieve enlightenment.

Mount Sinai first hospital to treat liver cancer with radiopaque bead
The M1 LUMI™ Bead provides visible confirmation during embolization treatment for liver cancer.

Changes to environment helps protect young pheasants
Making changes to the early lives of young pheasants can help prevent them dying needlessly, University of Exeter researchers have found.

Can an iPad help you see?
A new study provides the first experimental evidence that the Apple iPad is as good as technology traditionally used in reading rehabilitation for individuals with visual impairment.

MEGA evolutionary software re-engineered to handle today's big data demands
A Temple University-led research team has released a new version of their popular MEGA (Molecular Evolutionary Genomics Analysis) software, one of the most highly downloaded and widely used tools used by scientists worldwide to harness large-scale DNA sets for comparative studies.

More cost-effective cure for hepatitis C may be close
The cost of treating hepatitis C virus could be cut up to 50 percent if mathematical models are used to predict when patients can safely stop taking direct-acting antiviral medication, according to a new study by researchers at Loyola University Health System and Loyola University Chicago.

Fungus that threatens chocolate forgoes sexual reproduction for cloning
A fungal disease that poses a serious threat to cacao plants -- the source of chocolate -- reproduces clonally, Purdue University researchers find.

Light can be used to examine the lungs of premature babies
Premature babies have a hard time getting the oxygen they need as their lungs are not sufficiently developed.

'Burnt Hot Dog' sea cucumbers raise red flags for threatened global fisheries
'Burnt Hot Dog' sea cucumbers take center stage in a new genetic study that digs into their valued spot in marine ecosystems across Japan's Okinawa Island as well as their extreme vulnerability to environmental stress and over-fishing.

Black fever beats drugs by adding just two DNA bases to its genome
In eLife, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute scientists identify how certain strains of the fatal neglected tropical parasite Leishmania donovani have become immune to drug treatment.

Finding a new 'sweet spot' for improving cancer risk assessment
Edward Calabrese, the University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental toxicologist who has been an outspoken critic of the current linear no-threshold (LNT) approach to risk assessment for radiation and toxic chemicals, now proposes a new approach integrating LNT with hormetic dose-response models.

More ancient viruses lurk in our DNA than we thought
Think your DNA is all human? Think again. And a new discovery suggests it's even less human than scientists previously thought.

Adherence to nutrition recommendations and use of supplements essential for vegans
Vegans adhere to nutrition recommendations in varying degrees, according to a new Finnish study.

Predicting severe hail storms
Researchers working on the Severe Hail Analysis, Representation and Prediction (SHARP) project at University of Oklahoma used the Stampede supercomputer to gain a better understanding of the conditions that cause severe hail to form, and to produce hail forecasts with far greater accuracy than those currently used operationally.

Dr. Mom and Dr. Dad: Juggling roles during residency training
More and more physicians are becoming parents during their medical residency training.

Deadly flatworm's skin rejuvenation may explain its long-term survival in humans
A parasitic flatworm that infects hundreds of millions of people in the developing world is able to survive in the bloodstream for decades by constantly renewing its skin - a mechanism that could inform potential new treatments against infection.

Study: Half of parents of uninsured minority children unaware they are Medicaid eligible
Half of parents of uninsured minority children are unaware that their children are Medicaid/CHIP-eligible, according to a new study.

Record-speed data transmission could make big data more accessible
With record-breaking speeds for fiber-optic data transmission, University of Illinois engineers have paved a fast lane on the information superhighway -- creating on-ramps for big data in the process.

Keck Medicine of USC researcher wins prestigious NCI Outstanding Investigator Award
Distinguished Professor Jae Jung, Ph.D., director of the University of Southern California Institute for Emerging Pathogens and Immune Diseases at the Keck School of Medicine of USC, is among this year's recipients of the National Cancer Institute Outstanding Investigator Award. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to