Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 29, 2016
American Association of Anatomists awards Young Investigators for life-changing Research
AAA Young Investigator awards recognize investigators in the early stages of their careers who have made important contributions to biomedical science through their research in cell/molecular biology, comparative neuroanatomy, developmental biology, or the morphological sciences.

To keep or not to keep a hookworm
Researchers in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside have identified an immune protein in mice that is quickly triggered in the body following infection and serves to protect the body's tissues.

New tool mines whole-exome sequencing data to match cancer with best drug
New tool interprets raw data of whole exome tumor sequencing to match cancer's unique genetics with FDA-approved targeted treatments.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Forensic Chemistry
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, today announced the launch of Forensic Chemistry, a new international chemistry journal serving the needs of the forensic science community.

21st International Forum on Quality and Safety in Healthcare
The 2016 International Forum on Quality and Safety in Healthcare will be held in the city of Gothenburg -- the birthplace of quality improvement.

Ancient quarry proves human impact on landscape
Archaeologists from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem uncovered in central Israel the earliest known Neolithic quarry in the southern Levant, dating back 11,000 years.

Synthesizing real-life tweets
Scientists in Brazil are using a genetic algorithm to create a realistic soundscape of birdsong that can be triggered by updates from the micro-blogging service, Twitter, which celebrates its tenth anniversary this year.

Nonpathogenic viruses transferred during fecal transplants
Communities of viruses can be transferred during fecal transplants, according to a study published this week in mBio, an online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Study finds training with unpredictability improves memory recall
Memory training with unpredictable components could be more effective in enhancing episodic memory than training with predictable elements, according to new findings from UT Dallas researchers published in the journal Frontiers in Psychology.

Nanoparticles deliver anticancer cluster bombs
Scientists have devised a triple-stage 'cluster bomb' system for delivering the chemotherapy drug cisplatin, via tiny nanoparticles designed to break up when they reach a tumor.

Narcissism linked to sexual assault perpetration in college, study finds
Almost 20 percent of college men have committed some kind of sexual assault, and 4 percent have committed rape, according to a study published by University of Georgia researchers who were examining the link between different kinds of narcissism and the perpetration of sexual assaults.

Are stem-cell therapies for parkinson's disease ready for clinical trials?
As stem cell-based therapies are moving rapidly towards clinical trials, treatments for Parkinson's Disease, an incurable condition, may be on the horizon.

Individualized treatment duration of blood thinning drugs after heart stent procedures
Nearly 1 million people in the United States receive coronary artery stents each year.

Psychotherapy for depressed rats shows genes aren't destiny
Genes are not destiny in determining whether a person will suffer from depression, reports a new study.

Better global ocean management
Rights-based approaches could double fish biomass and make 77 percent of world's fisheries biologically healthy within a decade.

Sanofi Pasteur uses novel technology for development of a 2nd-gen influenza vaccine
Sanofi Pasteur announces published data on a vaccine strategy that elicited a broadly-reactive response against seasonal and pandemic H1N1 influenza viruses in mice.

Is HUD housing affordable? New FAU study says not when you factor in costs to commute
Where to live can be a dilemma for many Americans.

Early-stage embryos with abnormalities may still develop into healthy babies, study shows
Abnormal cells in the early embryo are not necessarily a sign that a baby will be born with a birth defect such as Down's syndrome, suggests new research carried out in mice at the University of Cambridge.

Researchers investigate four promising new treatments for Lyme disease
According to the Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion, about 300,000 people are diag­nosed with Lyme dis­ease in the US each year.

Experimental study of the electrical conductivity of hydrous minerals under high P-T conditions
Hydrous minerals are important water carriers in the crust and the mantle, especially in the subduction zone.

Take-home naloxone should be an additional standard of care for prevention of heroin overdose death
Take-home naloxone should be an additional standard of care for prevention of heroin overdose death.

Autistic and non-autistic people make similar moral judgements
Despite prevalent myths in public about autism about their lack of empathic concern for others and propensity for condoning harmful behavior, so far the relation between their empathic capacity and moral evaluations remains sparsely studied.

Children's Hospital Los Angeles initiates clinical trial for treatment-resistant leukemia
The Children's Center for Cancer and Blood Diseases at Children's Hospital Los Angeles is one of the first sites in the world to offer a promising new investigational therapy to treat pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

NASA selects Penn State to lead next-generation planet finder
NASA has selected Penn State to lead a multinational research group that will build a $10-million, cutting-edge instrument to detect planets orbiting stars outside our solar system.

Revealing the ion transport at nanoscale
EPFL researchers have shown that a law of physics having to do with electron transport at nanoscale can also be analogously applied to the ion transport.

UGA, Sanofi Pasteur develop new vaccine for H1N1 influenza
Researchers at the University of Georgia and Sanofi Pasteur, the vaccines division of Sanofi, announced today the development of a vaccine that protects against multiple strains of both seasonal and pandemic H1N1 influenza in mouse models.

Longer-term weather and environmental forecasts will provide enormous benefit
Weather and environmental forecasts made several weeks to months in advance can someday be as widely used and essential as current predictions of tomorrow's weather are, but first more research and sustained investment are needed, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Release of the first Roadmap for European Astrobiology
The first scientific Roadmap for European Astrobiology was published on March 21st.

Imaging predicts long-term effects in veterans with brain injury
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), a type of MRI, may be able to predict functional post-deployment outcomes for veterans who sustained mild traumatic brain injury, or concussion, during combat, according to a new study.

Beach replenishment may have 'far reaching' impacts on ecosystems
UC San Diego biologists who examined the biological impact of replenishing eroded beaches with offshore sand found that such beach replenishment efforts could have long-term negative impacts on coastal ecosystems.

Griffith uses 3-D tissue engineering to revolutionize dental disease
The discomfort and stigma of loose or missing teeth could be a thing of the past as Griffith University researchers pioneer the use of 3-D bioprinting to replace missing teeth and bone.

Text in lost language may reveal god or goddess worshipped by Etruscans at ancient temple
Archaeologists in Italy have discovered what may be a rare Etruscan sacred text likely to yield rich details about Etruscan worship and early beliefs of a lost culture fundamental to western traditions.

Scientists unlock genetic secret that could help fight malaria
A group of scientists, including one from the University of California, Riverside, have discovered a long-hypothesized male determining gene in the mosquito species that carries malaria, laying the groundwork for the development of strategies that could help control the disease.

Earth-space telescope system produces hot surprise
Combining an orbiting radio telescope with telescopes on Earth made a system capable of the highest resolution of any observation ever made in astronomy.

Statement published on pairing smoking cessation with lung cancer screening
Smokers who are screened for lung cancer should be encouraged to quit smoking during their visit, according to a paper co-written by Benjamin A.

Study explores carb-loading's effect on the heart
Drinking a high carbohydrate shake can have an acute and detrimental effect on heart function, a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology has found.

Are we what we eat?
In a new evolutionary proof of the old adage, 'we are what we eat,' Cornell University scientists have found tantalizing evidence that a vegetarian diet has led to a mutation that -- if they stray from a balanced omega-6 to omega-3 diet -- may make people more susceptible to inflammation, and by association, increased risk of heart disease and colon cancer.

Conservation research is not happening in the right places
Conservation research is not being done in the countries where it is most needed -- a situation which is likely to undermine efforts to preserve global biodiversity.

Infradian oscillation of circadian genes in a mouse model of bipolar disorder
Molecular basis of changes in mood and mood-associated behaviors are unknown.

Many in families with pregnant women don't know key facts about Zika
Many people in US households where someone is pregnant or considering getting pregnant in the next year are unaware of key facts about Zika virus, according to a new poll by Harvard T.H.

Curbing malaria resistance with multiple therapies
In order to preserve first-line drugs for treating malaria, multiple combination therapies should be deployed within a population to prevent resistance from developing, according to Maciej Boni from the Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, University of Oxford, UK, and colleagues in a Policy Forum article published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Boston Children's Hospital launches Feverprints ResearchKit study
Boston Children's Hospital has released Feverprints, a ResearchKit app for iPhone that will enlist the public's help to answer a surprisingly simple but fundamental question in medicine: what, exactly, is a fever?

Discovered a new magnet
A group of researchers from Osaka University and The University of Tokyo discovered a new magnet capable of controlling Dirac fermions with zero mass.

IUPUI researcher to study cause of chronic post-traumatic headaches
An assistant professor in the Department of Kinesiology in the IU School of Physical Education and Tourism Management at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis has been awarded a grant to study the role of deficient pain modulatory systems on chronic post-traumatic headaches afflicting hundreds of thousands of people with mild traumatic brain injuries.

TESARO and MD Anderson announce immuno-oncology collaboration and exclusive license
TESARO, Inc., an oncology focused biopharmaceutical company, and the Institute for Applied Cancer Science at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center today announced an exclusive collaboration to discover and develop small molecule product candidates against undisclosed immuno-oncology targets.

Remote Italian village could harbor secrets of healthy aging
To understand how people can live longer throughout the world, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have teamed up with colleagues at University of Rome La Sapienza to study a group of 300 citizens, all over 100 years old, living in a remote Italian village nestled between the ocean and mountains on the country's coast.

Eindhoven and Mexican researchers prove Huygens was right
In 1665, Christiaan Huygens discovered that two pendulum clocks, hung from the same wooden structure, will always oscillate in synchronicity.

Effective graphene doping depends on substrate material
Juelich physicists have discovered unexpected effects in doped graphene. They investigated samples of the carbon compound enriched with the foreign atom nitrogen on various substrate materials.

Decoding sugar molecules offers new key for combating muscular dystrophy
A group of Japanese scientists have succeeded in decoding a sugar molecule and clarifying a mechanism linked to muscular dystrophy.

Food insecurity and hospital visits -- is there a link?
More than half of patients with high hospitalization rates (at least three inpatient visits in a 12-month period) used food pantries or other community food resources, and 40 percent were worried that they would run out of food, according to the results of a study published in Population Health Management.

Researchers developed manufacturing method for batteries with organic electrode materials
With people wanting to use smaller electronic devices, smaller energy storage systems are needed.

$4.8 million USAID grant to strengthen biotechnology partnership, food security in South
To strengthen capacity to develop and disseminate genetically engineered eggplant in Bangladesh and the Philippines, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) has awarded Cornell a $4.8 million, three-year grant.

Research on risky sexual behaviors is lacking
Sexual health research focused on men who have sex with men is lacking, according to health researchers, even in the midst of rising rates of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, in this population.

Study finds gestational surrogacy often misunderstood, unevenly judged
Research by Heather Jacobson, a UTA associate professor of sociology, is compiled in what is the first book-length ethnographic examination of gestational surrogacy in the United States.

For prostate cancer, more radiation may not improve survival
Increasing the total dose of radiation to patients with non-metastatic prostate cancer does not improve their long-term outcomes, according to a new study.

Screening tools to identify developmental delay in healthy young children not beneficial
The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care recommends against using a screening tool to identify developmental delay in children aged 1 to 4 years who have no apparent signs or parental concerns, according to a new guideline published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Sweet, tasty and healthy -- the new essence of juice?
A cocktail consisting of lime, stevia and β-glucans can help make a tasty fruit beverage that is both low in sugar and high in fibre, according to a study at Aarhus University.

Mimicking a blood vessel to create a 'bridge' to better medicine and precision treatment
A team of researchers at Lehigh University and the University of Pennsylvania has developed a technique to observe cell to cell interaction at the nanoscale under micro-fluid conditions.

MIT Energy Initiative and AVANGRID collaborate to study future of electricity industry
The MIT Energy Initiative -- in collaboration with IIT Comillas -- is working with AVANGRID, the parent company of New York State Electric & Gas, Rochester Gas and Electric, Central Maine Power and United Illuminating, to create a model that could support New York's Reforming the Energy Vision plan by simulating how distributed resources, such as solar photovoltaics, battery storage, and combined heat and power might impact the power system.

Elsevier announces Rhizosphere, a multidisciplinary journal on soil ecology
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of Rhizosphere, a multidisciplinary journal devoted to publishing research on the interactions between plant roots, soil organisms, nutrients, and water.

Gene study could help heart patients cut craving for salt
Scientists have shed light on why some people crave salty food, even when they know it can seriously damage their health.

New harmonized test protocols for PEM fuel cells in hydrogen vehicles
A lack of standards for testing polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells -- the most attractive type of fuel cells for powering vehicles -- has hampered objective comparative assessment of their performance and durability under operating conditions and hence of their technological progress.

Women with endometriosis at higher risk for heart disease
Women who have endometriosis -- abnormal growth of uterine tissue -- may have a higher risk of coronary heart disease.

In search of compromise among climate risk management strategies
Balancing the impacts of climate change risks for all involved may not be within the realm of economics or physics, but a novel approach may help to achieve a better compromise, according to Penn State and Cornell climate researchers.

Eating green could be in your genes
Cornell University researchers have found evidence of a genetic variation -- called an allele -- that has evolved in populations that have historically favored vegetarian diets, such as in India, Africa and parts of East Asia.

Hydride-ion conduction makes its first appearance
Ionic transport has been studied extensively over the years for energy devices such as fuel cells and batteries using Li+, H+, Ag+, Cu+, F-, and O2-.

'I care for you,' says the autistic moral brain
Autistic people are cold and feel no empathy.' True? It is a pervasive stereotype, but when analyzed through the lens of science, reality turns out to be quite different.

Uncertainty can cause more stress than inevitable pain
Knowing that there is a small chance of getting a painful electric shock can lead to significantly more stress than knowing that you will definitely be shocked.

Study finds adaptive IGRT for bladder preservation clinically feasible
A prospective study examining a trimodality treatment approach in localized bladder cancer cases using adaptive image-guided, intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IG-IMRT) found that the bladder preservation rate at three years was 83 percent.

Market reactions to sudden CEO deaths highlight CEOs' importance
Craig Crossland, an assistant professor of management at the University of Notre Dame's Mendoza College of Business, and his research colleagues examined 240 sudden and unexpected CEO deaths like Gordon's to determine how shareholders' perceptions of CEO significance have changed over time.

Children with Cushing syndrome may have higher suicide risk
Children with Cushing syndrome may be at higher risk for suicide as well as for depression, anxiety and other mental health conditions long after their disease has been successfully treated, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

Study of enzymatic chemical reactions may indicate how the first cells formed colonies
A novel investigation of how enzymatic reactions can direct the motion and organization of microcapsules may point toward a new theory of how protocells -- the earliest biological cells -- could have organized into colonies and thus, could have ultimately formed larger, differentiated structures.

Transplantation and cell therapy
Key leaders in the field of cellular therapy will highlight new applications to potentially cure patients with blood diseases and infections on the occasion of the 5th Cell Therapy Day.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 17S form
Tropical Cyclone 17S formed in the Southern Indian Ocean late on March 28.

Loyola surgeon is editor of definitive textbook on lung transplantation
Loyola University Medical Center thoracic surgeon Wickii Vigneswaran, MD, is chief editor of the definitive new textbook, 'Lung Transplantation: Principles and Practice.'

How to make metal alloys that stand up to hydrogen
MIT researchers find new approach to preventing embrittlement that could be useful in nuclear reactors.

City resilience: Sandia analyzes effects of rising sea levels in Norfolk
Sandia National Laboratories created an Urban Resilience Analysis Process to help cities become more resilient.

How studying child prodigies helps us understand autism
Scientists may learn a lot about autism from studying a group of people who don't have the disorder.

Kidney disease: Report assesses mammoth problem for the United States
A sweeping new report assessing chronic kidney disease in the United States offers startling statistics about a condition that affects almost 14 percent of the US population and costs billions in Medicare spending each year.

Big Data-driven method could save money, increase efficiency in pharmaceutical management
Researchers at Binghamton University and pharmacy solutions provider Innovation Associates have developed an optimized approach for determining prescribed medication associations within a high-volume pharmacy environment that could save money and time.

New scrolling technique accelerates skim reading
Documents can be skimmed 60 percent faster than presently and with higher recall, shows research from Aalto University.

Separating charge and discharge in measuring next-generation car batteries
To better estimate the state of charge in lithium ion phosphate batteries, researchers at Southwest Jiaotong University in Chengdu, China, have recently developed an algorithm that can separately measure the charging and discharging states of the battery.

Fracking -- not wastewater disposal -- linked to most induced earthquakes in Western Canada
A survey of a major oil and natural gas-producing region in Western Canada suggests a link between hydraulic fracturing or 'fracking' and induced earthquakes in the region, according to a new report published online in the journal Seismological Research Letters.

Another reason to break the habit: Smoking alters bacterial balance in mouth
Smoking drastically alters the oral microbiome, the mix of roughly 600 bacterial species that live in people's mouths.

Tel Aviv University study reveals how diet shaped human evolution
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that the Ice-Age diet -- a high-protein intake of large animals -- triggered physical changes in Neanderthals, namely a larger ribcage and a wider pelvis.

How hostile states' immigration policies changed Latino migration in the late 2000s
For many immigrants in this country, anti-immigration rhetoric is not just something that you hear on the campaign trail but a reality.

An up-close view of bacterial 'motors'
Over millennia, bacteria have evolved a variety of specialized mechanisms to move themselves through their particular environments.

CRF physicians and fellows to present abstracts at ACC.16
Physicians and fellows from the Cardiovascular Research Foundation will be presenting abstracts at the American College of Cardiology 65th Annual Scientific Session taking place April 2-4, 2016, at McCormick Place in Chicago, Ill.

Perfecting a viral pack mule
In a new study, researchers at The Scripps Research Institute report that, based on its structure, a hollowed-out version of the cowpea mosaic virus, a plant pathogen that can be modified to aid in tumor detection and chemotherapy, could also be effective in human therapies.

One crop breeding cycle from starvation
Global population growth, urbanization, and a changing climate mean staple food crops will need to achieve much higher yields in the near future.

Ant antennae provide vital ID information: Study
University of Melbourne scientists have shone a new light into the complexities of ant communication, with the discovery that ants not only pick up information through their antennae, but also use them to convey social signals.

Unravelling a geological mystery using lasers from space
New research, published in the journal Sedimentary Geology, suggests that drumlins and megaridges are all part of a single family of landforms formed by erosion.

Yearly cost of US premature births linked to air pollution: $4.33 billion
The annual economic cost of the nearly 16,000 premature births linked to air pollution in the United States has reached $4.33 billion, according to a report by scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center.

Examining emotion, thought and behavior: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Theory in Psychology
What concepts shape the contemporary study and practice of psychology?

Just 50p a week could decide the UK's future in Europe, study finds
The impact of Brexit on personal finances may determine the result of the referendum, according to research from Queen Mary University of London.

American Association of Anatomists awards lifetime achievement in anatomy
The American Association of Anatomists (AAA) is honored to announce its 2016 award winners.

Scientists explain evolution of some of the largest dinosaurs
Scientists from the University of Liverpool have developed computer models of the bodies of sauropod dinosaurs to examine the evolution of their body shape.

Emotional distress in teens linked to later employment prospects
Suffering from emotional problems in adolescence is an important risk factor for future joblessness, irrespective of socioeconomic background, according to a new report by academics at the University of Stirling.

Automated Ebola blood test performs well in field evaluation
An automated 'sample-to-answer' system could provide Ebola virus disease (EVD) diagnosis more quickly and easily than the current standard test, according to research published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Non-hormonal male contraceptive Vasalgel™ has proven efficacy in rabbits
Vasalgel is a high molecular weight polymer being developed by Parsemus Foundation as a non-hormonal, long-acting, potentially reversible male contraceptive.

Holistic data analysis and modeling poised to transform protein X-ray crystallography
A new 3-D modeling and data-extraction technique is about to transform the field of X-ray crystallography, with potential benefits for both the pharmaceutical industry and structural biology. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to