Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 30, 2016
Study highlights risk of lapse in surgical skills among nation's pediatric surgeons
Some pediatric surgeons perform so few rare and complex procedures once they finish their surgical training that they may have a hard time maintaining operative skills in the long run, according to a new study led by researchers at Ann & Robert H.

New study on storm surges projections in Europe
Coastal flooding is often caused by extreme events, such as storm surges, which in some areas may be amplified by climate change.

Palaeosol loess shed light on early Pleistocene climate in western arid central Asia
The transition from shallow marine sediments to loess deposits at ~2.4 Ma in the northeastern Iranian Golestan Province documents a dramatic change in the early Pleistocene from a region with a humid, marine-influenced climate to a semi-arid climate.

Suomi NPP satellite spots remnants of Tropical Cyclone 17S
Former Tropical Cyclone 17S was battered by northerly vertical wind shear and reduced to a remnant low pressure area in the Southern Indian Ocean.

Ecological Society of America announces 2016 graduate student policy award recipients
Brian Kastl (University of California), Kristen Lear (University of Georgia), Matthew Pintar (University of Mississippi), Timothy Treuer (Princeton University), Jessica Nicole Welch (University of Tennessee), and Samantha Lynn Werner (University of New Hampshire) will travel to Washington, DC to participate in policy training sessions and meet with their US Representative and Senators on April 27-28, 2016.

Basketball games mimic nature
Behind the apparent randomness of a basketball game, a process of self-organisation is actually taking place amid the teams.

Why synthetic drugs are as scary as you think (video)
Synthetic drugs such as 'bath salts,' 'K2' or 'Spice' have made unsettling headlines lately, with reports of violent, erratic behavior and deaths after people have used the substances.

New details emerge on deep sea, marine-submerged bodies
Findings of a new Simon Fraser University study could benefit investigators when bodies are recovered in deep water.

Neuronal feedback could change what we 'see'
A study from Carnegie Mellon neuroscientist Sandra J. Kuhlman quantifies feedback between neurons in different parts of the visual system, which could give new insight into the visual system's neuronal circuitry and possibly explain why we see optical illusions.

Urban collective design environment online: EU launches the U_CODE Project
A new Europe-wide research project under the aegis of the TU Dresden WISSENSARCHITEKTUR Laboratory of Knowledge Architecture (Prof.

Longer maternity leave linked to better infant health
For each additional month of paid maternity leave offered in low- and middle-income countries, infant mortality is reduced by 13 percent, according to a new study by researchers from McGill University and UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.

UC San Diego cybersecurity expert honored with ACM-Infosys Foundation Award
The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) and the Infosys Foundation announced today that Stefan Savage, a computer scientist at the University of California, San Diego, is the recipient of the 2015 ACM-Infosys Foundation Award in the Computing Sciences.

Penn study describes the molecular cause of common cerebrovascular disease
Cerebral cavernous malformations are clusters of dilated, thin-walled blood vessels in the brain that can cause stroke and seizures, yet exactly how they form is somewhat of a mystery.

Can videogames improve health outcomes in children?
The videogames for health field is pursuing innovative, potentially highly effective methods for changing behaviors and affecting health outcomes in children, but more research, defined guidelines and targeted funding are needed to drive game design, determine optimal use, and minimize possible adverse effects, according to a white paper published in Games for Health Journal: Research Development, and Clinical Applications.

Simulating supermassive black holes
Simulations by Kentaro Nagamine at Osaka University's Department of Earth and Space Science, Isaac Shlosman at the University of Kentucky and co-workers have revealed for the first time exactly how these black holes formed 700 million years after the Big Bang.

Finnish study confirms link between Zika virus and fetal brain damage
Zika virus can be detected in blood samples taken from a pregnant woman while brain damage is developing, as well as isolated in cell culture from the brain tissue of the fetus, establishes a Finnish-American study.

Pitt team redesigns epilepsy drug to increase potency and specificity, reduce side effects
A Pitt team has designed a more effective version of an FDA-approved epilepsy drug with the potential for fewer side effects, according to a study published recently in Molecular Pharmacology.

Long-acting treatment for opioid addiction reduced risk of relapse
In a multicenter, randomized clinical trial, ex-prisoners who received six monthly injections of naltrexone -- a long-acting medication that blocks opioid receptors in the brain -- were significantly less likely to resume opioid use than those who received counseling and referrals to community treatment centers without naltrexone.

Penn researchers move one step closer to sustainable hydrogen production
Christopher Murray of the University of Pennsylvania, Matteo Cargnello of Stanford and others found that, by lengthening nanorods, hydrogen production can happen quicker and more sustainably.

Diagnosing ear infection using smartphone
Researchers at UmeƄ University in Sweden have developed a method that simplifies the diagnosis of ear infections (otitis media), something which annually affects half a billion children worldwide.

'Homing turtles' go back to familiar grounds
A James Cook University study has found turtles released back into the wild almost always return home -- even if they have to swim more than 100km or have spent more than a year away.

Black wattle's new biogeographic distribution threatens flight safety in China
Black wattle, flowering trees also known as Australian acacia, have been observed to rapidly invade local airports in Yunnan province, southwestern China.

Living in a constant din, bats' hearing remains resilient
Bats need sensitive hearing to function effectively, yet live immersed in an intense clamor of sound -- a new study shows that the noisy background doesn't reduce their hearing sensitivity, which is a rare immunity in nature.

Are you what you sweat?
Spanish researchers have analyzed how the sodium lost through sweat during a marathon influences the maintenance of stable and physiologically sound conditions that allow the body to carry out its functions.

Medics call for urgent improvements in the quality of endoscopy across Europe
Every year, tens of millions of individuals across Europe undergo endoscopic procedures to assist with the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal diseases.

UT Southwestern scientists identify structure of crucial enzyme in cell division
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have determined the atomic structure of an enzyme that plays an essential role in cell division, the fundamental process that occurs countless times daily in many life forms on Earth.

Salmon are less aggressive in tanks with darker backgrounds
Coho salmon may be four times less aggressive in tanks with darker backgrounds than in tanks with light backgrounds, according to a study published March 30, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Leigh Gaffney from the University of British Columbia, Canada, and colleagues.

Human Brain Project launches European research infrastructure
The Human Brain Project (HBP) is developing a shared European research infrastructure with the aim of examining the organization of the brain using detailed analyses and simulations and thus combating neurological and psychiatric disorders.

Statin use differs among Hispanic adults at risk for heart disease
In the United States, adults of different Hispanic or Latino backgrounds who are at high risk for heart disease, varied significantly in their use of cholesterol-lowering medications known as statins.

For the first time scientists can observe the nano structure of food in 3-D
Scientists from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, and the Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland, have, for the first time, created a 3-D image of food on the nanometer scale.

Abbott Northwestern will be well represented at anesthesia conference
Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital conducts studies specifically related to anesthesia cardiac procedures.

Better outreach and employer engagement critical to New Jersey paid family leave program
New Jersey parents say that inadequate information and outreach, a lack of employer support, and a confusing application process discourage their participation in the state's landmark paid family leave.

HANNOVER MESSE 2016: Sensor cable makes life difficult for burglars
Ideally, homeowners want to be warned if a burglar sneaks onto their property, and farmers want to know if horses or sheep are no longer in the paddock or field they were left grazing in.

Position papers articulate research needs in transgender health and medicine
The most comprehensive analysis to date of research priorities for transgender health care will be published in the April issue of Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity.

Transparent wood could one day help brighten homes and buildings
When it comes to indoor lighting, nothing beats the sun's rays streaming in through windows.

Indian dancing frog's secretive tadpoles unearthed from sand beds
A new tadpole that burrows through sand has been unearthed from the streambeds in the Western Ghats of India, according to a study published March 30, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Gayani Senevirathne from the University of Peradeniya and colleagues.

Dynamic connections in the brain
Functional connections in the brain change over time in ways that are only now beginning to be appreciated.

Could a computer tell you when your time is up?
Statisticians, computer scientists and medics from the University of East Anglia are launching a new project to predict how long you will live.

Why neural stem cells may be vulnerable to Zika infection
Zika's hypothesized attraction to human neural stem cells may come from its ability to hijack a protein found on the surface of these cells, using it as an entryway to infection.

Indonesian 'Hobbits' may have died out sooner than thought
An ancient species of pint-sized humans discovered in the tropics of Indonesia may have met their demise earlier than once believed, according to an international team of scientists who reinvestigated the original finding.

Classroom program increases school breakfast participation, not obesity
Serving free breakfast in New York City's classrooms has boosted the number of students eating what some consider the most important meal of the day at school, according to research by New York University's Institute for Education and Social Policy and the Center for Policy Research at Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs.

Researchers map climate patterns on 'super-Earth'
A new study detailed the first-ever temperature map of a super-Earth planet -- a rocky planet outside of our solar system.

Tracking 'marine heatwaves' since 1950 -- and how the 'blob' stacks up
A tally of Northern Hemisphere marine heatwaves since 1950 shows that prolonged warm periods have recurred regularly in the past, but are being pushed into new territory by climate change.

Mayo Clinic and vMocion launch technology adding the sensation of motion into VR
Mayo Clinic and vMocion, LLC, an entertainment technology company, today announced it is making available Mayo Clinic's patented Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation (GVS) technology specifically for use in virtual reality and augmented reality.

UH student appointed national liaison for Optometry Student Organization
With a track record of leadership dating back to high school, a second-year University of Houston College of Optometry student recently was selected to serve as the national liaison of the American Optometric Student Association for the 2016-17 academic year.

Molecular-scale ALD discovery could have industrial-sized impact
University of Alberta engineering researchers have developed a new method of making thin films -- materials that are essential in today's computers and electronic devices -- by adapting current atomic layer deposition techniques.

Naltrexone is alternative treatment for opioid addiction, Penn-led study finds
The once-a-month drug naltrexone was more effective at preventing drug relapse in ex-prisoners addicted to heroin and other opioids compared to the usual treatment modalities, including counseling and community treatment programs, according to results from a multisite, randomized trial led by researchers at the Center for Studies of Addiction at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and published online today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Identification of a new protein essential for ovule and sperm formation
Scientists at IRB Barcelona discover a crucial protein for meiosis -- the cell division process that gives rise to sex cells.

Gene variant may contribute to increased cancer risk in African-Americans
New research from The Wistar Institute has pinpointed a single variant in a gene that is only found in Africans and African-Americans, which makes cancer resistant to cell death and may contribute to increased cancer risk.

Successful dying: Researchers define the elements of a 'good death'
For most people, the culmination of a good life is a 'good death,' though what that means exactly is a matter of considerable consternation.

Tracking deer by NASA satellite
Mule deer mothers are in sync with their environment, with reproduction patterns that closely match the cycles of plant growth in their habitat.

New mouse model for acute myeloid leukemia opens door to research, possible treatments
A novel mouse model of a highly lethal form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) offers a new tool for scientists working to better understand this disease and research new therapeutic targets.

Tsukuba scientists solve Spallanzani's dilemma
Imagine losing an eye, an arm or even your spinal cord.

Race biases teachers' expectations for students
When evaluating the same black student, white teachers expect significantly less academic success than black teachers, a new study concludes.

Decades-old mystery disease identified and potential cure found
A mysterious inflammatory disease has been afflicting a Flemish family for three generations, causing severe skin lesions, fevers, pain and exhaustion.

Seventh-graders learn astrophysics through mixed-reality computer simulation
Researchers at the University of Illinois hope to inspire greater numbers of young people to become astronomers -- or at least to embrace learning science -- with a new computer simulation that engages children's bodies as well as their minds in learning about how objects move in space.

When women feel their partner demands perfection, sex life suffers
Women who perceive that their sexual partner is imposing perfectionist standards on them may suffer sexual dysfunction as a result, psychologists at the University of Kent have found.

Parents' binge eating, restrictive feeding practices may be reactions to kids' emotions
A new study of more than 440 parents and their preschoolers by University of Illinois scholar Jaclyn Saltzman offers insight into why some parents who binge eat also may try to restrict their children's food intake, placing their children at higher risk for unhealthy eating habits and weight problems.

Personality influences how one reacts to email errors
When reading emails, do you become the 'grammar police?' You no who you aer: the person who thinks its her job too catch every typo or gramatical errur?

A cheaper, lighter moth trap may make citizen science projects more affordable
A cheaper, lighter moth trap developed by researchers from Michigan State University can improve the ability of students and other citizen scientists to traps and collect insects.

New research -- 9 laws particularly effective in reducing underage drinking fatalities
New research reveals that nine laws designed to reduce underage drinking have been instrumental in saving more than 1,100 lives each year in the states that have adopted them, and that an additional 210 lives could be saved annually if they were adopted in every state.

New compounds may aid in development of targeted therapies for a rare pediatric cancer
Two recently discovered compounds have shown promise in preclinical studies for treating Ewing sarcoma, a rare cancer that predominantly affects children and adolescents.

The ocean below
UCSB researchers develop a scientific plan to measure the ocean's carbon cycle and predict its future conditions, which have implications for climate change.

NJIT has $1.7+ billion annual impact on New Jersey
New Jersey Institute of Technology creates at least $1.74 billion of economic value for the Garden State each year, according to a new analysis of the Newark-based research university's economic impact.

Doctors are failing to help people with gender dysphoria
Doctors are failing to help people with gender dysphoria, argues a leading doctor in The BMJ this week.

Gold star: Seeking the origin of gold in the universe
Michigan State University researchers, working with colleagues from Technical University Darmstadt in Germany, are zeroing in on the answer to one of science's most puzzling questions: where did heavy elements, such as gold, originate?

Altered brain communication could be predictive marker of dementia in Parkinson's disease
Dementia will develop in about 80 percent of patients with Parkinson's disease, and a new study has found significant variability in brain signaling that could serve as a predictive marker for identifying which patients are at highest risk of dementia.

Connecting disadvantaged immigrant students to community resources may boost school achievement
A longitudinal study of first-generation immigrant students shows how a community-based intervention can help boost test scores and narrow the achievement gap between immigrant children and their peers.

Laser reveals water's secret life in soil
Most of us think nothing of rainfall or where it goes, unless it leads to flooding or landslides.

Mind-altering drugs could treat mental disorders
Psychedelic compounds have had a colorful past. Although initially investigated for medical uses, they were banned after cultural and political times changed in the 1960s and 1970s.

Cyclophosphamide, old dogs with new tricks?
During the EBMT Annual Meeting, many sessions and international speakers will discuss in depth the rejuvenated role of cyclophosphamide in stem cell transplantation.

Map of rocky exoplanet reveals a lava world
The most detailed map of a small, rocky 'super Earth' to date reveals a planet almost completely covered by lava, with a molten 'hot' side and solid 'cool' side.

JAMA Cardiology publishes Phase 2 results of AC6 gene transfer in patients with HF
JAMA Cardiology publishes Phase 2 results of AC6 gene transfer in patients with heart failure.

Better use of entire biomass of willow
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Aalto University investigated how willow biomass can be utilized more efficiently.

Gene transfer shows promise for treating heart failure
Use of intracoronary gene transfer among heart failure patients resulted in increased left ventricular function beyond standard heart failure therapy, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

Late-life economic inequality has risen sharply in recent decades, study finds
Economic conditions have caused older Americans to see significant increases in financial inequality over the past three decades, according to the results of a study published online in The Gerontologist.

Cancer drug could treat blood vessel deformities
A drug currently being trialled in cancer patients could also be used to treat an often incurable condition that can cause painful blood vessel overgrowths inside the skin, finds new research in mice led by UCL, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York and the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute in Barcelona.

Even seizure-free, children with epilepsy can face social problems as adults
Learning difficulties and behavioral problems during childhood can lead to suboptimal social and educational outcomes among young adults with childhood epilepsy even when their seizures are well under control and their disease in remission, according to findings from a study led by researchers at Ann & Robert H.

Sea-level rise from Antarctic ice sheet could double
An ice sheet model that includes previously underappreciated processes indicates that sea level may rise almost 50 feet by 2500 due to Antarctic ice sheet melting if greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, according to researchers from Penn State and University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

UH Cancer Center and Jabsom researchers receive $3 million US Department Of Defense Awards
University of Hawai'i Cancer Center and John A. Burns School of Medicine researchers were awarded three out of only 45 United States Department of Defense grants for cancer research and career development.

Second quantum revolution a reality with chip-based atomic physics
A University of Oklahoma-led team of physicists believes chip-based atomic physics holds promise to make the second quantum revolution -- the engineering of quantum matter with arbitrary precision -- a reality.

Study: Severe water stress likely in Asia by 2050
Economic and population growth on top of climate change could lead to serious water shortages across a broad swath of Asia by the year 2050, a newly published study by MIT scientists has found.

'Community solar' systems may add savings to local, cooperative energy projects
Part of the future of solar energy, especially for residential use, may be small'community-based' systems in which neighbors join together in the construction and use of solar systems to optimize the energy produced in their neighborhood -- and share in the benefits.

Asthma-free? Maybe Mom experienced a sunny second trimester
The best way to reduce a child's chances of developing asthma might be making sure Mom had enough vitamin D during the second trimester, a new study from the University of Kansas shows.

Heart and liver disease linked to shutdown of body's antioxidant
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States while one in 10 Americans has some form of liver disease.

Stories about Breivik make his terror attack a personal rather than a societal problem
Authors, journalists and researchers who have tried to explain Anders Behring Breivik's terror attack in Norway on July 22, 2011, tend to separate Breivik from Norwegian society and instead attribute the tragedy to his personal failure to 'fit in.' This is the conclusion of a new doctoral thesis in gender studies from the University of Gothenburg.

Exercise keeps muscles -- and you -- young: Study
A University of Guelph professor has uncovered the 'secret' to staying strong as we age -- superb fitness.

Cancer gene drives vascular disorder
Two research teams have uncovered mutations in a well-known cancer gene that may drive the most common form of blood vessel abnormality, venous malformations, in some patients.

Rat study reveals long-term effects of adolescent amphetamine abuse on the brain
A study of rats given regular, high doses of amphetamine finds that those exposed to the drug at an age corresponding to human adolescence experience long-term changes in brain function that persist into adulthood.

Mystery of broadbills' wing song revealed
Broadbills make an unusual klaxon-like call during territorial flights, but it was not clear how the birds produced the sound until a team of scientists from Yale University and the University of Cyprus filmed the birds in the wild in Africa.

Toward reliable reporting for lymphatic filariasis elimination efforts
A study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases applying the tool to the lymphatic filariasis program in Ghana finds problems with the routinely reported data and suggests ways toward improving their accuracy.

Blood clot risk lower for estrogen-only, transdermal, and vaginal estrogen at menopause
A Swedish population study is helping answer lingering questions about hormone therapy safety.

Gluten-free noodle revolution: The quest for chewier, non-allergenic buckwheat
Japanese researchers have sequenced the full buckwheat genome, making it possible to turn the gluten-free crop softer, less allergenic, and more visually appealing.

Early use of postmenopausal hormone therapy may prevent heart disease
Research from Keck School of Medicine at USC suggests that hormone therapy, when taken within six years of menopause, may slow the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis.

No snow, no hares: Climate change pushes emblematic species north
A changing climate and reduced snow cover across the north is squeezing the snowshoe hare out of its historic range, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Not all mind wandering is created equal
Most research looking at mind wandering has assumed that all mind wandering is inherently unintentional, but findings from a new study suggest otherwise: People frequently report zoning out on purpose, and the causes of this 'intentional' type of mind wandering can differ from the causes of unintentional mind wandering.

Hybrid pixel array detectors enter the low-noise regime
The detector group at the Swiss Light Source at PSI has been one of the pioneers in the development of custom-made hybrid pixel array detectors for synchrotron applications.

Starvation as babies makes bees stronger as adults
Arizona State University researchers have discovered that short-term starvation as larvae (baby bees) actually makes honey bees more resilient to nutritional deprivation as adults.

'Illusion of control' leads to inappropriate medical treatment use
The US presidential campaign season has reignited debates on how best to deliver cost-effective, high quality care.

USDA announces $5.2 million for nanotechnology research
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced an investment of more than $5.2 million to support nanotechnology research at 11 universities.

Genome-wide association study of cannabis
Cannabis dependence is a serious problem worldwide and it is of growing importance in the United States as marijuana becomes increasingly legal.

Spinal cord regeneration might actually be helped by glial scar tissue
Few neuroscientists question the idea that scar tissue formed by glial cells after brain or spinal cord injury impedes regrowth of damaged nerve cells.

Open-access article on masked chafer grubs in turfgrass explains management techniques
An article in the open-access Journal of Integrated Pest Management explains the biology of white grubs, also known as masked chafers, and discusses options for managing them.

Rapid transformation turns clinging tadpoles into digging adult frogs
The Indian Purple frog skeleton undergoes dramatic transformation as tadpoles clinging to underwater rocks become adults digging their way underground, according to a study published March 30, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Gayani Senevirathne from the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, and colleagues.

'Smoothed' light will help search for Earth's twins
Physicists of MIPT and the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences developed optical technology for the 'correction' of light coming from distant stars, which will significantly improve the 'seeing' of telescopes and therefore will enable us to directly observe exoplanets as Earth-twins.

Researchers uncover key scientific and statistical errors in obesity studies
A special statistical series in the journal Obesity identifies common scientific and statistical errors in obesity-relate studies, challenges assumptions about weight loss, and calls for increased application of control arms in obesity intervention studies.

NTU scientists discover way to improve effectiveness of antibiotics
Scientists at Nanyang Technological University have discovered that antibiotics can continue to be effective if bacteria's cell-to-cell communication and ability to latch on to each other are disrupted.

CHOP oncologist receives $1 million Hyundai Quantum Grant to improve leukemia treatment
A physician-researcher at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia has received a $1 million Hyundai Quantum Grant from Hyundai Hope on Wheels to advance treatment for a high-risk form of childhood leukemia.

The impact of anti-odor clothing on the environment
Anti-odor athletic clothes containing silver nanoparticles have gained a foothold among exercise buffs, but questions have arisen over how safe and effective they are.

Managing migraine during pregnancy and lactation
According to doctors at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, medications and treatments long considered safe to treat pregnant women with migraines may not be.

Revealing the fluctuations of flexible DNA in 3-D
Scientists have captured the first high-resolution 3-D images from individual double-helix DNA segments attached to gold nanoparticles, which could aid in the use of DNA segments as building blocks for molecular devices that function as nanoscale drug-delivery systems, markers for biological research, and components for electronic devices.

GHIT announces investments, including malaria vaccine targeting 2 deadliest strains
The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT Fund) announced today that it's investing US$1,383,785 in a pair of innovative malaria eradication tools -- a vaccine that could block transmission of two species of the deadly disease and a rapid field test that can reveal a malaria infection in minutes.

Human Brain Project's research platforms released
Public Release of Platforms Will Help Advance Collaborative Research in Neuroscience, Medicine, and Computing.

Open-source microprocessor
In future, it will be easier and cheaper for developers at universities and SMEs to build wearable microelectronic devices and chips for the internet of things, thanks to the PULPino open-source processor, which has been developed at ETH Zurich and the University of Bologna.

Questions over safety of whole body electrical stimulation
It's time to regulate the use of whole body electrical stimulation, argue doctors in The BMJ today, after treating several people for muscle damage at their hospital.

Math Department Cal State Northridge wins AMS national award
The Department of Mathematics at California State University Northridge is the 2016 recipient of the AMS Award for an Exemplary Program or Achievement in a Mathematics Department.

Teens are gambling online at a significantly higher rate than previously reported
Nearly 10 percent of teens in three Canadian provinces said they had gambled online in the past three months, according to a new study by researchers from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) and the University of Waterloo.

Scientists honored in Biochemical Society Awards
The Awards recognize molecular bioscientists for the excellence and profound impact their work has had, both for the scientific community and society in general.

Study finds wide-reaching impact of nitrogen deposition on plants
Scientists, including a University of California, Riverside professor, studied more than 15,000 sites in the United States and found that increased nitrogen deposits from human activities are causing a decrease in the diversity of plant species.

Frosting on the cake
When estimating portion size, we may be more influenced by food images on the packaging than by the listed serving size leading us to serve more than is recommended.

Eating beans, peas, chickpeas or lentils may help lose weight and keep it off
Eating one serving a day of beans, peas, chickpeas or lentils could contribute to modest weight loss, a new study suggests.

Opioid relapse rates fall with use of medication for adults in criminal justice system
The first multi-site US clinical trial of extended-release naltrexone shows promise for more effective treatment of opioid addiction.

Rethinking induced seismicity
A survey of a major oil and natural gas-producing region in Western Canada suggests there may be a link between induced earthquakes and hydraulic fracturing, not just wastewater injection, according to a new report out this week in the journal Seismological Research Letters.

Using glucose monitors to detect other diseases
Diagnosing disease can be highly technical, costly and time-consuming, which are all challenges that become particularly problematic in low-income and remote locations.

Immunology: An alternative route to inflammation
Using a combination of newly developed methods, researchers led by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich immunologist Veit Hornung have defined a previously unknown pathway that triggers inflammation.

Finding suggests new heart disease screening target for middle-aged black women
Middle-aged black women have higher levels of a protein in their blood associated with greater risk of heart disease than their white counterparts, even after other factors, such as obesity, are taken into consideration, according to a study conducted by the University of Pittsburgh.

Cold front: ONR researchers explore arctic land and sea at Navy ICEX
As the Navy's Ice Exercise 2016 winds to a close this week in the frigid waters of the Arctic Ocean, officials at the Office of Naval Research today reported new scientific research that took place during the event that will enhance our understanding of, and ability to safely operate in, Arctic maritime environments.

Generating good fat by pushing the right buttons
Researchers at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a protein complex, mTORC1, that is required for conversion of 'bad' white fat to 'good' brown fat.

Study looks at why people may feel more helpless in stressful situations than others
Some people are able to cope with stress much better than others.

Right brain may help predict recovery of language after stroke
New research suggests that looking at structures in the right side of the brain may help predict who will better recover from language problems after a stroke, according to a study published in Neurology, a medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Phase-3 drug trial for refractory rheumatoid arthritis succeeds, Stanford scientist says
A new drug appears to help people who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, but eventually stop benefitting from the use of the current top treatment: injectable, bioengineered proteins that interfere with the action of a powerful inflammatory substance.

Study confirms link between diabetes drug and increased risk of bladder cancer
The diabetes drug pioglitazone is associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

High numbers of patients in poorer countries are missing lung cancer tests and treatment
Severe inequalities exist between countries regarding the availability of an essential lung cancer test and a drug which together can improve outcomes for patients through a personalised approach to treatment.

Sea-level rise could nearly double over earlier estimates in next 100 years
A new study from climate scientists Robert DeConto at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and David Pollard at Pennsylvania State University suggests that the most recent estimates by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change for future sea-level rise over the next 100 years could be too low by almost a factor of two. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to