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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | March 31, 2016


Lead in soil another known factor in Flint
A new study, involving a Michigan State University researcher, has found that higher rates of Flint children showed elevated lead levels in their blood during drier months of the year, even before the switch to a new water supply.
New use for X-rays: A radar gun for unruly atoms
Using coherent X-rays, a new technique has been discovered for sensing motion and velocity of small groups of atoms.
Want to know where threatened species live? Look to the clouds
A new study analyzes cloud cover around the world over 15 years.
NJIT professor predicts winners of Major League 2016 Baseball season: The Mets come out on top
After being one of the few who picked the Mets to make it to the postseason in 2015, NJIT Mathematical Sciences Professor and Associate Dean Bruce Bukiet has published his projections of how the standings should look at the end of Major League Baseball's 2016 season.
Designing gene therapy
Scientists in the Barabas group at EMBL have increased the efficiency of a genome-engineering tool called Sleeping Beauty, which is showing promise in clinical trials for leukemia and lymphoma immunotherapies.
'Conspicuous conservation' a factor in socially responsible product innovation
Companies may a bigger incentive to invest in developing socially responsible products if it means those who eventually buy them can stand a little taller than those who don't, says new research.
New tools allow rapid ID of CRISPR-Cas system PAMs
CRISPR-Cas systems are widely heralded as a new generation of genetic tools.
Imitating movements could help Alzheimer's patients
While there is no cure, new research shows that patients with Alzheimer's can still benefit from both physical and cognitive rehabilitation, and that mimicry may be a useful tool to help them regain lost abilities.
TGen and Mayo Clinic scientists issue report in Cell on advances in basal cell carcinoma
An article in the journal Cell by top scientists from the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and Mayo Clinic in Arizona details how two relatively new drugs are helping patients with basal cell carcinoma.
Sweet tooth? Flies have it too -- new study shows how they know what to eat and when to stop
In studying the eating behavior of fruit flies, scientists have discovered a set of throat neurons that regulate food intake based on how hungry the flies are and whether they've had enough sugar.
Motor learning tied to intelligent control of sensory neurons in muscles
Sensory neurons in human muscles provide important information used for the perception and control of movement.
Novel vaccine strategy produces rapid and long-term protection against Chikungunya virus
New research from The Wistar Institute has demonstrated how a novel vaccine strategy that boosts the immune system by rapidly producing antibodies against CHIKV, combined with a traditional DNA-based vaccine approach, can provide both short term and long term protection against the virus.
Proving the genetic code's flexibility
Three-letter codons in a genome sequence can represent one of the 20 regularly used amino acids or stops.
A new approach to sequence and assemble primate genomes
An improved version of the gorilla genome assembly is offering new biological insights into its evolution, and to what makes humans different from this great ape primate.
Study finds addiction associated with poor awareness of others
Developmental psychologist Maria Pagano, PhD, found adolescents with severe alcohol and other drug problems have a low regard for others, as indicated by higher rates of driving under the influence and having unprotected sex with a history of sexually transmitted disease.
Cardioprotective effects of lysyl oxidase inhibition
The collagen cross-linking enzyme, lysyl oxidase (LOX), is elevated in many cardiac diseases and is associated with fibrosis.
Study reveals the possibility of curbing synapse loss in Alzheimer's
Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital show how brain connections, or synapses, are lost early in Alzheimer's disease and demonstrate that the process starts -- and could potentially be halted -- before telltale plaques accumulate in the brain.
Pharmacy on demand
MIT researchers have developed a compact, portable pharmaceutical manufacturing system that can be reconfigured to produce a variety of drugs on demand.
Zika virus structure revealed, a critical advance in the development of treatments
A team of Purdue and NIH researchers is the first to determine the structure of the Zika virus, a critical advance in the development of vaccines and treatments.
Cold-adapted attenuated polio virus -- towards a post-eradication vaccine
With only 74 cases reported worldwide in 2015, poliomyelitis eradication is in sight.
'Cancer gene' twice as likely to be defective in children with autism
A large study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found that a gene whose role is to suppress cellular damage from environmental stressors is nearly twice as likely to be defective in children with autism spectrum disorder, and that the deficit is also present in their fathers.
MSU tackles mystery of protein folding
New research conducted at Michigan State University and published in the current issue of Nature Chemical Biology, features a chemistry approach that's solving some of the riddles of the complex protein-building process of folding.
Brain study reveals how long-term memories are erased
Vital clues about how the brain erases long term memories have been uncovered by researchers at the University of Edinburgh.
The right stuff? Hospital readmission penalties approaching for nursing home patients
With new federal legislation set to penalize hospitals and skilled nursing facilitys if rehospitalization of individiuals occurs within 30 days, clinician-researchers from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research and Regenstrief Institute highlight potential problems with the new mandate.
Experts welcome report calling for radical reform of the Medical Council of India
A landmark report calling for radical reform of the Medical Council of India is welcomed by leading doctors in The BMJ this week.
3-D 'mini-retinas' grown from mouse and human stem cells
Stem cell science has progressed so that researchers can now share recipes for making human retinas -- the part of the eye that is sensitive to light.
The Lancet: We now live in a world in which more people are obese than underweight, major global analysis reveals
In the past 40 years, there has been a startling increase in the number of obese people worldwide -- rising from 105 million in 1975 to 641 million in 2014, according to the most comprehensive analysis of trends in body mass index to date, published in The Lancet.
Improved patient outcomes linked to specific health IT resources in hospitals
The number of health information technology vendors has increased from 60 to more than 1,000 since 2008.
Bernard Rollin lauded with lifetime achievement award
Philosopher, animal ethicist and University Distinguished Professor recognized for Excellence in Research Ethics from Public Responsibility in Medicine & Research.
Aplidin shows positive results in pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial for multiple myeloma
Aplidin® has shown a statistically significant 35 percent reduction in the risk of progression or death over the comparator (p=0.0054).
Heat and light get larger at the nanoscale
In a new study recently published in Nature Nanotechnology, researchers from Columbia Engineering, Cornell, and Stanford have demonstrated heat transfer can be made 100 times stronger than has been predicted, simply by bringing two objects extremely close -- at nanoscale distances -- without touching.
Inherited gene changes take years off life expectancy, study finds
Scientists at the University of Edinburgh have identified DNA changes that can cut a person's lifespan by up to three years.
Study discovers link between celiac disease risk and a noncoding RNA
Researchers have identified a common variant in a non-coding RNA that may contribute to the intestinal inflammation that occurs in people with celiac disease.
Proteins associated with schizophrenia hang around longer than previously thought
While most scientists believe that TCF4 proteins degraded and disappeared after they assigned jobs to cells in the nervous system, a Drexel University research team discovered that the proteins were hanging around afterward and telling the cells how to do those jobs.
Argonne continues to pave way for improved battery performance testing
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have demonstrated that the placement and type of a tiny measurement device called a reference electrode enhances the quantity and quality of information that can be extracted from lithium-ion battery cells during cycling.
Agriculture expansion could reduce rainfall in Brazil's Cerrado
Cropland recycles less water into the atmosphere than native vegetation in Brazil's wooded savannas, which could lead to less rain in the region as agriculture expands, a new study finds.
Histone deacetylase inhibitors enhance immunotherapy in lung cancer models, say Moffitt researchers
Several new immunotherapeutic antibodies that inhibit checkpoint receptors on T cells to restimulate the immune system to target tumors have been approved to treat advanced stage lung cancer and melanoma; however, only 20 percent of lung cancer patients show a response to these agents.
Researchers behind landmark adolescent health study will receive Golden Goose Award
The Founders of the Golden Goose Award are proud to announce that the first 2016 Golden Goose Award will go to the team of Dr.
Harlequin ladybirds are conquering the world at great speed
The arrival and subsequent dramatic increase in the number of the invasive alien harlequin ladybird in many countries has been met with considerable trepidation by the scientific community.
Prey scarcity and competition led to extinction of ancient monster shark
It lived millions of years ago and was three times as large as the great white shark: the megalodon.
New recommendations link better sleep to improved concussion outcomes
A national group of sleep and brain injury specialists recommends specific steps to test and develop sleep-related treatments to improve the outcome of mild traumatic brain injury.
New genus of treehopper named after Selena Quintanilla, the queen of Tejano music
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new treehopper genus that is found in Texas and northern Mexico, which they have named Selenacentrus after the singer Selena Quintanilla, who was known as the 'Queen of Tejano Music'.
Remote eye gaze tracking as a marker for autism
A study to be published in the April 2016 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry reports that eye tracking can differentiate children with autism spectrum disorder from children without ASD but with other developmental problems.
Superconductivity seen in a new light
Superconducting materials have the characteristic of letting an electric current flow without resistance.
Planet formation in Earth-like orbit around a young star
New images from ALMA reveal never-before-seen details in the planet-forming disk around a nearby Sun-like star, including a tantalizing gap at the same distance from the star as the Earth is from the Sun.
ALMA's most detailed image of a protoplanetary disc
This new image from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) shows the finest detail ever seen in the planet-forming disc around the nearby sun-like star TW Hydrae.
EU project aims to cure type 1 diabetes
More and more children in Europe and the USA are suffering from diabetes.
Handheld surgical 'pen' prints human stem cells
In a landmark proof-of-concept experiment, Australian researchers have used a handheld 3-D printing pen to 'draw' human stem cells in free-form patterns with extremely high survival rates.
Researchers reproduce mechanism of slow earthquakes
Up until now catching lightning in a bottle has been easier than reproducing a range of earthquakes in the laboratory, according to a team of seismologists who can now duplicate the range of fault slip modes found during earthquakes, quiet periods and slow earthquakes.
Two-fold higher risk of concussions for NFL players during colder game-days, study finds
NFL players had a two-fold greater risk of concussions and 1.5 times higher risk for ankle injuries when games were played at colder temperatures, a new St.
Urine test improves prediction of high-grade prostate cancer
A study published online in JAMA Oncology showed that an experimental urine test that detects genetic changes associated with prostate cancer identified 92 percent of men with elevated PSA levels who had more aggressive disease.
Colonists' religious architecture influenced by Maya traditions
The Mayas influenced the Spanish colonists' religious architecture. This is concluded in a new doctoral thesis in archaeology that compares Spanish colonial churches and Maya dwellings on the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico and Belize.
A fossilized snake shows its true colors
Ten million years ago, a green and black snake lay coiled in the Spanish undergrowth.
Applying parameter selection and verification techniques to an HIV model
Physical and biological models often have hundreds of inputs, many of which may have a negligible effect on a model's response.
Prolonged nightly fasting may reduce risk of breast cancer recurrence
Fasting less than 13 hours per night was associated with an increased risk for breast cancer recurrence in women with early-stage breast cancer, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.
Type 1 diabetes linked to 3-fold increase in risk of epilepsy
People with type 1 diabetes have a three-times increased risk of developing epilepsy later in life, concludes research published in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes.
Experience in Afghanistan highlights plastic surgeons' role in combat trauma surgery
Especially with improved chances of survival from severe combat trauma, plastic surgeons play a critical role in managing injuries sustained in modern warfare, suggests an experience at a combat hospital in Afghanistan described in the April issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
Scientists work their magic on 'shrunken finger illusion'
What happens when you rest a chopped ping pong ball on your finger and look at it from above?
Roadmap: Global research data management advisory platform combines DMPTool and DMPonline
A data management platform, linking data management plans to other components of the research lifecycle, is a new open science initiative from the CDL and the DCC.
MicroRNA controls growth in highly aggressive B-cell lymphomas
A recent study by researchers at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine showed that a microRNA called miR-181a dampens signals from the cancer-driving NFκB protein pathway in the most aggressive large B-cell lymphomas.
Compact drug synthesizer could revolutionize drug delivery
Researchers have developed a system the size of a household fridge that can synthesize a variety of pharmaceuticals in short periods of time, including an antihistamine, an antidepressant, a common local anesthetic, and a central nervous system depressant.
Protease-activated receptors differentially regulate endothelial nitric oxide synthase
It has been established that the activation of protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) phosphorylates endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-Ser-1177 through a distinct signaling pathway that leads to the production of the potent vascular vasodilator nitric oxide (NO), while PAR-1 activation phosphorylates eNOS-Thr-495 and decreases NO production through a separate pathway.
PacBio's SMRT sequencing provides scientists with a superior gorilla genome reference
Analysis of the gorilla genome will shed light on biological mechanisms behind speech, disease, neurological behavior, and other traits separating us from our closest primate relatives.
New insights into the cause of neurological symptoms in mitochondrial diseases
In a paper published on March 31 in Cell Reports, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital shed light on what may be the root cause of neurological symptoms in patients with mitochondrial diseases by tracing the development of interneurons.
Study: State-level public corruption affects firm value, transparency
UT Dallas researchers found that firms have significantly lower value and informational transparency when located in areas that are more corrupt.
Northwestern Memorial Hospital recognized by CDC for innovative efforts to prevent blood clots
Northwestern Memorial Hospital was one of eight hospitals and health systems recognized by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as Healthcare-Associated Venous Thromboembolism (HA-VTE) Prevention Champions.
New method measures the risk of type 2 diabetes in blood
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have found a new type of biomarker that can predict the risk of type 2 diabetes, by detecting epigenetic changes in specific genes through a simple blood test.
Infants born prematurely may show less interest in others
Japanese researchers found evidence that babies born prematurely are less interested in other people compared to infants born full-term, when tested at 6 and 12 months of age.
Virus evolution differs by species of mosquito carrier
A new study on how the West Nile virus evolves in four species of mosquitos shows that viruses accumulate mutations in their insect carriers that reduce how well they reproduce when passed on to a bird host.
What's holding black entrepreneurs back?
It's not laziness or lack of initiative that's keeping African-Americans from starting their own businesses, but instead a centuries-old racial disadvantage that's not experienced by other minority groups, a Michigan State University scholar argues in a new paper.
Landscape evolution and hazards
Landscapes are formed by a combination of uplift and erosion.
Size matters: NASA measures raindrop sizes from space to understand storms
For the first time, scientists have three-dimensional snapshots of raindrops and snowflakes around the world from space, thanks to the joint NASA and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission.
Better cancer care for Indigenous Canadians with arts and dialogue in a new proposal
While the number of Indigenous Canadians diagnosed with cancer is growing, little is done to study and address their unique needs in a timely manner.
Seasonal influenza vaccination during pregnancy may reduce risk of stillbirth
Seasonal influenza vaccination may guard against stillbirth, a new study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online suggests.
$1 million grant from NASA funds research on astronauts' loss of muscle strength
A $1 million grant from NASA will allow UH researchers to examine changes in astronauts' muscle strength and function during extended space flights.
Less than 1 percent of millions of Google e-cigarette searches focused on quitting smoking
A study of Google search trends led by researchers from the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and San Diego State University as part of the Internet Tobacco Vendors Study shows a significant jump in the popularity of the words 'vape' and
ORNL surges forward with 20-kilowatt wireless charging for vehicles
A 20-kilowatt wireless charging system has achieved 90 percent efficiency and at three times the rate of the plug-in systems commonly used for electric vehicles today.
Illuminating the inner 'machines' that give bacteria an energy boost
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have tracked how microscopic organisms called cyanobacteria make use of internal protein 'machines' to boost their ability to convert carbon dioxide into sugar during photosynthesis.
For young adults, sleep problems predict later pain problems
For at least some groups of 'emerging adults,' sleep problems are a predictor of chronic pain and worsening pain severity over time, suggests a study in PAIN®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain®.
Underappreciated protein plays critical role in RNA regulation and male fertility
A protein once thought to be of little consequence has been found to be a central player in processes ranging from male fertility to early embryonic development, according to a study published in the March 31 online issue of Cell by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.
Ibuprofen doesn't increase bleeding risk after plastic surgery
Patients are often instructed not to take ibuprofen and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs before or after surgery because of increased bleeding risk.
New network launched to address diabetes complications
A new national research network was launched today to transform the health outcomes of individuals with diabetes and its related complications.
Journey to the center of our galaxy
Peering deep into the heart of our home galaxy, the Milky Way, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope reveals a rich tapestry of more than half a million stars.
Study shows best way to reduce energy consumption
We know adjusting the thermostat, using blinds, opening windows or using electronics such as a heater or air conditioning unit has an impact on the amount of energy consumed in homes.
Serious ecological consequences of coral reef dredging
Scientists have used satellite imaging of coral reefs in the South China Sea to highlight the dire ecological consequences of reef dredging to increase land area.
Infections of the heart with common viruses
Virus infections of the heart are a significant cause of sudden unexpected death due to cardiovascular reasons in young men and also produce chronic cardiomyopathy which frequently requires heart transplantation.
SIAM announces class of 2016 Fellows
The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) is pleased to announce the 2016 Class of SIAM Fellows.
Hubble's journey to the center of our galaxy
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope peered deep into the Milky Way's nuclear star cluster, the most massive and densest star cluster in our galaxy.
Black, Latino families urged to emphasize college graduation rates in enrollment decisions
Based on research showing the importance of where students enroll in determining the likelihood that they will graduate, EdTalk Project has developed an up-to-date listing of college graduation rates.
New insights in cancer therapy from cell death research
Killed cancer cells serve as a potent anti-cancer vaccine Researchers in the group of Prof.
Brain appears to have different mechanisms for reconciling sight and sound
People who performed two tasks that combined seeing and hearing in a UCLA psychology study frequently showed that vision influenced their hearing when they tried to identify the location of sounds and flashes of light, and hearing influenced vision when they counted the sounds and flashes.
Climate change drives UK wine production but not without weather shocks
The idea of climate change turning the UK into a viable wine-making region may have boosted the industry in recent years.
Key regulatory role for mysterious olfaction molecule OMP
New research from the Monell Center reveals that olfactory marker protein (OMP), a molecule found in the cells that detect odor molecules, plays a key role in regulating the speed and transmission of odor information to the brain.
Investigators identify new pneumonia epidemic in Beijing
Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections began rising in Beijing last spring, and by December, this pathogen was found in more than half of hospitalized children suffering from pneumonia in that city.
'Revolutionary future' for contact lenses -- drug delivery, disease monitoring and more
Imagine contact lenses that can deliver medicines directly to the eye, slow progression of nearsightedness in children, or monitor glucose levels in patients with diabetes.
Dancing on ice
A new theory by an OIST team may unlock the secrets of protons in water ice.
RUB researchers use cyanobacteria for the production of chemicals
In order to manufacture chemical products in the industry, a high energy input is required, which consumes mainly our fossil resources.
Minorities' homicide victimization rates fall significantly compared to whites'
A new study reveals that while homicide victimization rates declined for whites, blacks, and Hispanics in the United States from 1990-2010, the drop was much more precipitous for the two minority groups.
How the brain processes emotions
A new study from MIT reveals how two populations of neurons in the brain contribute to the brain's inability to correctly assign emotional associations to events.
Over 50 percent of obese Spanish workers are metabolically healthy
About half of obese individuals in a working population in Spain are metabolically healthy -- they are obese but do not present metabolic abnormalities like disturbed insulin signaling or inflammation, according to a study published in the open-access journal BMC Public Health.
Helping young adult cancer survivors adopt a healthy lifestyle
A healthy lifestyle is especially important for young adult and teenage survivors of cancer, and how health behavior messages related to diet, exercise, smoking, and alcohol consumption are developed and presented may impact their effectiveness in this population, according to an article in Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology (JAYAO).
Freezing plants to predict the fate of the Arctic
Global warming means much warmer winters in the Arctic, with more rain and icing.
US autism rate unchanged in new CDC report
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health contributed to a new CDC report that finds the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder largely unchanged from two years ago, at one in 68 children..
Mom's smoking alters fetal DNA
A study of over 6,000 mothers and their newborn children -- one of the largest studies of its kind -- solidifies the evidence that smoking cigarettes while pregnant chemically modifies a fetus' DNA, mirroring patterns seen in adult smokers.
FAU researcher receives $2.9 million NIH grant for bilingual development study
One in five children in the US live in households in which a language other than English is spoken, and 79 percent of school-age language minority children in the US are Spanish-speaking.
Structure of Zika virus determined
A near-atomic level map of Zika virus shows its structure to be largely similar to that of dengue virus and other flaviviruses, but with a notable difference in one key surface protein.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation awards $500,000 grant to Commons Lab to promote citizen science
The Commons Lab of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars has received a two-year grant from the Alfred P.
Journal issue charts global course for healthy aging
A new supplemental issue of The Gerontologist contains 12 articles that expand upon the major themes of the landmark World Health Organization (WHO) 'World Report on Ageing and Health' released in late 2015.
Do awareness days make a difference? Yes, at least one
Despite their ubiquity, it's hard to know whether awareness days actually make a difference.
White dwarf star exhibits an unusual atmosphere of oxygen
Researchers have discovered a white dwarf star with an atmosphere dominated by oxygen, a type of white dwarf that has been theorized to exist but not identified to date.
Scientists discover a missing link between tau and memory loss
Scientists have long known that the protein tau is involved in dementia, but until recently, they did not understand how it hindered cognitive function.
Scripps Florida team awarded $3.4m to develop treatments for addiction, mood disorders
A team from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute and the University of North Carolina has been awarded $3.4 million from the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health to develop novel therapeutics for the treatment of addiction and mood disorders.
Born to run? Study suggests love of exercise starts in the womb
Baylor College of Medicine researchers have discovered that female mice that voluntarily exercise during pregnancy have offspring that are more physically active as adults.
Living off the fat of the land
For more than 80 years scientists have thought that cancer cells fuel their explosive growth by soaking up glucose from the blood, using its energy and atoms to crank out duplicate sets of cellular components.
Could a new class of fungicides play a role in autism, neurodegenerative diseases?
Scientists at the UNC School of Medicine have found a class of commonly used fungicides that produce gene expression changes similar to those in people with autism and neurodegenerative conditions, including Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease.
Mile-high Mars mounds built by wind and climate change
New research has found that wind carved massive mounds of more than a mile high on Mars over billions of years.
New tumbleweed species rapidly expanding range
Two invasive species of tumbleweed have hybridized to create a new species of tumbleweed that University of California, Riverside researchers found has dramatically expanded its geographic range in California in just a decade.
'Concern' over GPs prescribing unnecessary antibiotics for toothache
Over half of all patients who visited their GP with a dental problem in the last 10 years were not offered a long-term treatment for their pain and were instead prescribed antibiotics, often unnecessarily, new research has found.
Fights are won and lost in the brain
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have found that a deep-brain structure called the habenula contains two neural circuits that work in a complex interplay to influence whether a fight will be a win or loss.
Prostate-specific antigen screening publications influence biopsy rates and associated
While absolute rates of biopsy and post-biopsy complications have decreased following several benchmark prostate-specific antigen screening publications, the relative risk for each patient continues to increase, according to a new study by Mayo Clinic researchers.
Short overnight fasting linked to increased risk of breast cancer recurrence
In patients with breast cancer, a short overnight fast of less than 13 hours was associated with a statistically significant, 36 percent higher risk of breast cancer recurrence and a non-significant, 21 percent higher probability of death from the disease compared to patients who fasted 13 or more hours per night, report University of California, San Diego School of Medicine researchers.
Thrill of the hunt motivates some to buy counterfeit goods
People buying fake 'luxury brand' goods experience a range of psychological motivations -- including the 'thrill of the hunt' -- new research has shown.
Researchers discover ways to improve red tide predictions
After years of study, University of South Florida College of Marine Science researchers and colleagues have identified reasons why some years are worse than others for the harmful alga bloom Karenia brevis, called 'red tide,' when it occurs off the west coast of Florida.
Aging diminishes spinal cord regeneration after injury
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and University of British Columbia (UBC) have determined that, in mice, age diminishes ability to regenerate axons, the brain's communication wires in the spinal cord.
Flat boron is a superconductor
Rice University scientists have determined that two-dimensional boron is a natural low-temperature superconductor.
'Precision medicine' brings new relief for old diseases
The mystery of a rare, debilitating disease that has afflicted generations of European families -- and long baffled their doctors -- has been solved by an international collaboration involving Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researcher Dr.
A programming language for living cells
New language lets MIT researchers design novel biological circuits.
Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery offers viable option for select heart patients
Patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve repair or replacement (mini-MVR) have similar outcomes as patients undergoing conventional surgery and also experience shorter hospital stays and fewer blood transfusions, according to an article posted online today by The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.
Structure of Zika virus revealed
A new study reveals the structure of the Zika virus, shedding light on its similarities and differences compared to viruses of the same family.
Strong effects of climate change on common bird populations in both Europe and the USA
Scientists have shown for the first time that common bird populations are responding to climate change in a similar pronounced way in both Europe and the USA.
Kansas State University engineer builds paperlike battery electrode with glass-ceramic
A Kansas State University mechanical engineer has developed a paperlike battery electrode that may improve tools for space exploration or unmanned aerial vehicles.
A more accurate understanding of the gorilla genome
Using recent advances in genetic sequencing technology, researchers have significantly improved upon previous assemblies of the gorilla genome.
Study: Is your political ideology in your head?
A new University of Nebraska-Lincoln study indicates that the thought processes of political conservatives gives greater weight to negative information.
Natural killer cells help to drive inflammation and insulin resistance
In obesity, the body's immune system can treat tissues as if they are suffering from a low-grade chronic infection.
Hannover Messe: Engineers develop smart conveyor rollers for the factory of the future
Conveyor systems are used in many different places: mail-order firms, parcel delivery services, factories, airports, to name but a few.
RolyPOLY -- A unique flexible shelter produced by robotic winding of carbon fibers
Combine the principles of weaving with the high-tech properties of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer and the computationally driven process of robotic winding and you get rolyPOLY.
Parkinson's Disease Funding Analyzer launched on Journal of Parkinson's Disease website
The Journal of Parkinson's Disease (JPD) is proud to announce the launch of the Parkinson's Disease Funding Analyzer on the JPD website.
Intermountain healthcare honored by the CDC for protocols to reduce blood clots
Intermountain Healthcare is one of eight health systems and hospitals nationwide that were recognized Tuesday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for implementing protocols that have helped to reduce the rate of venous thromboembolism, or blood clots, among hospital patients.
New study implicates unusual class of circular RNAs in cancer
Cancer cells are notorious for their genomes gone haywire, often yielding fusion proteins -- mash-ups of two disparate genes that, once united, assume new and harmful capabilities.
Brain cancer: Two essential amino acids might hold key to better outcomes
A new study suggests that the altered metabolism of two essential amino acids helps drive the development of the most common and lethal form of brain cancer.
South Florida's Goswami chosen for 2016 Böer solar energy award
Renowned researcher, entrepreneur and solar energy expert D. Yogi Goswami of the University of South Florida has been named the 2016 winner of the Karl W.

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