Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 04, 2016
New human on chip technology permits unparalleled insight into cellular function dynamics
Researchers from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem describe a new generation of Liver on Chip devices, which enable them to identify new modes of toxicity and new causes for idiosyncratic toxicity, one of the main causes for post-market drug withdrawal.

Blue Ribbon Panel announced to help guide VP Biden's National Cancer Moonshot Initiative
Today, the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, announced a Blue Ribbon Panel of scientific experts, cancer leaders, and patient advocates that will inform the scientific direction and goals at NCI of Vice President Joe Biden's National Cancer Moonshot Initiative.

SwRI's BORE microgravity payload flies aboard commercial suborbital spaceflight
A Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) experiment designed to assess the surface properties and processes of near-Earth asteroids successfully flew aboard Blue Origin's New Shepard space vehicle April 2.

Coral reefs highlight the key role of existing biodiversity for climate change adaptation
New research on coral reefs led by the University of Southampton suggests that existing biodiversity will be essential for the successful adaptation of ecosystems to climate change.

Treatment eases enlarged prostate symptom of nighttime waking
An innovative interventional radiology treatment for men with enlarged prostates decreases the number of times they wake to urinate in the night, according to research presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 2016 Annual Scientific Meeting.

Surgery associated with reduced fractures in patients with hyperparathyroidism
Surgery to remove the parathyroid was associated with reduced fracture risk in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, whereas bisphosphonate treatment was associated with increased bone mineral density but not fewer fractures.

Study suggests commercial bumble bee industry amplified a fungal pathogen of bees
Scientists hoping to explain widespread declines in wild bumble bee populations have conducted the first long-term genetic study of Nosema bombi, a key fungal pathogen of honey bees and bumble bees.

Bioengineer's gut biome sensors earn NSF backing
Rice synthetic biologist Jeffrey Tabor wins a National Science Foundation CAREER Award to engineer bacteria to detect early stage inflammation in the digestive tract.

Clarified longtime mystery -- transporter protein involved in renal reabsorption of cystine
An international research group clarified that AGT1/SLC7A13, a membrane protein in kidneys, is identified as a transporter protein involved in renal reabsorption of cystine.

Mixed results on benefits of antiarrhythmic drugs for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Paramedics often give heart rhythm stabilizing drugs to patients who are suffering out-of-hospital cardiac arrest when they fail to regain a stable heart rhythm after electrical shock treatment.

Chasing after a prehistoric Kite Runner
Scientists have discovered an ancient animal that carried its young in capsules tethered to the parent's body like tiny, swirling kites.

Watch what you eat: The dangers of a bristle in your burger
Wire-bristle grill brushes, used for cleaning grill grates, may lose bristles when used.

Consumers reveal obstacles to using nursing home quality ratings
A study of people who placed a relative or friend in a nursing home found that few people were aware of the Nursing Home Compare website, published online by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to help families find the right facility.

Earth's internal heat drives rapid ice flow and subglacial melting in Greenland
Greenland's lithosphere has hot depths which originate in its distant geological past and cause Greenland's ice to rapidly flow and melt from below.

Endocrine Society unveils plans for open-access journal
This fall, the Endocrine Society will launch its first open-access journal to speed the process of sharing endocrine research breakthroughs with scientists, health-care providers and the public, the society announced at its annual meeting.

Seeing the light: Bristol chemists create mimic of key vision protein
An artificial mimic of a key light-sensitive molecule has been made by scientists at the University of Bristol.

Liraglutide may help nondiabetic overweight and obese adults lose weight and lower risks
For people with prediabetes who are overweight or obese, adding 3.0 mg of liraglutide for three years to a diet and exercise plan may lead to major health improvements, new industry-sponsored research suggests.

Nanoparticles can grow in cubic shape
Use of nanoparticles in many applications, e.g. for catalysis, relies on the surface area of the particles.

POSTECH researchers develop a control algorithm for more accurate lab-on-a-chip devices
Prof. Wan Kyun Chung with Ph.D. student Young Jin Heo, M.S. student Junsu Kang, and postdoctoral researcher Min Jun Kim in the Robotics Laboratory at POSTECH, Korea, have developed a novel control algorithm to resolve critical problems induced from a Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller by automatizing the technical tuning process.

TSRI scientists: Immune cell transforms from 'Clark Kent' to 'Superman'
A new study led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute reveals a previously unknown type of immune cell.

Man's best friend is getting smaller
Over the last 28 years, pet owners in Australia have favored smaller pedigree dogs with shorter and wider heads, according to a study published in the open access journal, Canine Genetics and Epidemiology.

New device for heart failure patients fails to improve primary outcomes
A new implantable medical device intended to help patients with heart failure by stimulating the vagus nerve did not significantly reduce rates of heart failure-related hospitalization or death from any cause in a study presented at the American College of Cardiology's 65th Annual Scientific Session.

Penn Nursing editorial: Deeper insight needed into nurse-industry relationships
The editorial -Nurses and Industry: Conflict or Collaboration? -underscores the need for evidence-based investigation to understand in what ways nurse-industry relationships affect the ethical conduct of nurses, or what is normal and necessary interaction between nurses and industry as part of delivering healthcare.

Engaging patients and the public with health care evidence
A national conversation about the evidence behind health care and health policy options is an 'ethical imperative,' but values conflicts are likely to arise.

Bilingual baby brains show increased activity in executive function regions
New findings from the University of Washington show that babies raised in bilingual households show brain activity associated with executive functioning as early as 11 months of age.

Anti-inflammatory drug does not reduce risk of major CV events following heart attack
Michelle L. O'Donoghue, M.D., M.P.H., of Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, and colleagues evaluated the efficacy and safety of the anti-inflammatory drug losmapimod on cardiovascular outcomes in patients hospitalized after a heart attack.

New laser to shine light on remote sensing
A revolutionary new type of laser developed by the University of Adelaide is promising major advances in remote sensing of greenhouse gases.

African wars endanger world's largest gorilla subspecies
Numbers of the world's largest primate, Grauer's gorilla, found only in the conflict-plagued Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), declined calamitously in 20 years according to a report co-authored by a Smithsonian scientist and published by the Wildlife Conservation Society, Flora and Fauna International and the Congolese Institute for the Conservation of Nature.

West Coast scientists sound alarm for changing ocean chemistry
A group of 20 leading ocean scientists has concluded that the ocean chemistry along the West Coast of North America is changing rapidly because of global carbon dioxide emissions, and the governments of Oregon, California, Washington and British Columbia can take actions now to offset and mitigate the effects of these changes.

Cancer research at Marshall University shows promise for combating deadly lung cancer
A study by researchers at Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine has found that blocking the blood supply of small cell lung cancer tumors may help reduce their growth and delay the regrowth process after treatment.

The ups and downs of transportation within cells
'I really want to figure out how proteins know where to go inside the cell.

Recent evolutionary change allows a fruit fly to dine on a toxic fruit
Fruit flies in the lab of John Pool, in the genetics department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, happily eat a noni fruit that is normally toxic to fly species.

Targeting 2 angiogenesis pathways could improve results of glioblastoma treatment
Two companion papers from Massachusetts General Hospital research teams suggest that targeting multiple angiogenesis pathways simultaneously could help overcome the resistance to anti-angiogenic treatment inevitably developed by the devastating brain tumor glioblastoma.

Precision medicine brings new hope to those with advanced urothelial cancer
Five of six patients with advanced metastatic urothelial cancer and one of two specific genetic abnormalities responded to treatment with afatinib, approved in 2013 for lung cancer.

Family plays important role in heart health throughout life
Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and the burden is increasing -- much of which could be reduced through modifiable risk factors.

Three glycosyltransferases identified as significant mutational targets in colon cancer
In a new study published in Scientific Reports, an online journal of the Nature Publishing Group, scientists at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have successfully characterized the mutational landscapes of glycosylation-associated genes in colon cancer, identifying three glycosyltransferases as significant mutational targets in CRC.

'Key' to recognizing and immunizing herpes/ common cold
Prior to this study, it was known that interferon regulatory factor-3 (IRF-3), a protein coding gene, contributed to a first line of defense against viral infection by triggering antiviral activity.

Tel Aviv University uses 'Deep Learning' to assist overburdened diagnosticians
A Tel Aviv University laboratory has developed tools to facilitate computer-assisted diagnosis of X-rays, CTs and MRIs, freeing radiologists to attend to complex cases.

International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics April theme: Intimate partner violence
Papers published in the latest issue of the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics (IJGO) identify factors associated with violence against women.

NIH doctors describe severe case of Ebola virus disease
For more than a month in 2015, a multidisciplinary team at NIH treated a critically ill patient who had contracted Ebola virus disease in Sierra Leone.

New syndrome named, causes a rare intellectual disability
Pediatric researchers, using high-speed DNA sequencing tools, have identified a new syndrome that causes intellectual disability.

UEA research reveals 'topsy turvy' ocean circulation on distant planets
The salt levels of oceans on distant Earth-like planets could have a major effect on their climates.

How crispy is your bonbon?
A theory and simple fabrication technique derived by MIT engineers may help chocolate artisans create uniformly smooth shells and precisely tailor their thickness.

Value-based insurance plan boosts employee use of targeted preventive services, reduces ER visits
One state's employee insurance program designed to improve health while reducing costs has successfully encouraged more use of screenings and preventive services, increased medication adherence for chronic conditions, and reduced visits to the emergency department.

Aging impacts therapeutic response of melanoma cells
An international team of scientists led by The Wistar Institute have shown that aged tumor cells in melanoma behave differently than younger tumor cells, according to study results published in the journal Nature.

No benefit from addition of aliskiren to 'gold standard' ACE inhibitor
In one of the largest trials ever conducted in patients who have heart failure with reduced ejection fraction -- a measure of the heart's ability to pump blood -- the investigational drug aliskiren failed to show superiority over full-dose treatment with the existing 'gold standard' therapy, the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril, researchers reported at the American College of Cardiology's 65th Annual Scientific Session.

Scientists push valleytronics 1 step closer to reality
Berkeley Lab scientists have taken a big step toward the practical application of 'valleytronics,' which is a new type of electronics that could lead to faster and more efficient computer logic systems and data storage chips in next-generation devices.

New fluorescent probes help solve cell membrane mystery
Scientists have developed new fluorescent probes that prove the existence of 'raft domains' in the live cell membrane -- opening new possibilities to study how toxins and viruses invade cells.

For post-operative atrial fibrillation, 2 common treatments show equal outcomes
Cleveland Clinic researchers, as part of the Cardiothoracic Surgical Trials Network, have found that two common approaches to post-operative atrial fibrillation -- rhythm control and rate control -- are equally safe and effective.

Penn study suggests Yelp reviews can enhance government reports on hospital quality
Yelp reviews of hospitals cover topics not found in the federal government's survey of patients' hospital experiences, according to the results of a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Social media not always 'tweet' deal for charitable fundraising
Not-for-profit organizations throughout North America that were awed by the viral success of the ALS Society's ice bucket fundraising challenge should think twice before using social media as a significant fundraising tool, says Nicola Lacetera, a University of Toronto Mississauga management professor.

Stem cell therapy improves outcomes in severe heart failure
A new stem cell therapy significantly improved long-term health outcomes in patients with severe and end-stage heart failure in a study presented at the American College of Cardiology's 65th Annual Scientific Session.

Tiny tubes move into the fast lane
For the first time, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have shown that carbon nanotubes as small as eight-tenths of a nanometer in diameter can transport protons faster than bulk water, by an order of magnitude.

Surprising exotic flies in the backyard: New gnat species from Museum Koenig's garden
Little did the scientists expect to discover a new species in Germany's Alexander Koenig Museum's garden upon placing a malaise trap for testing purposes.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai to present findings at ACC
Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai will present their Late-Breaking Clinical Trial findings and other important research results advancing the field of cardiovascular medicine at the American College of Cardiology's 65th Annual Scientific Session and Expo.

New metallic glass bounces
Engineers have generated a bulk metal glass that is unusually strong and shock resistant.

New app improves treatment of atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke. Treatment with oral anticoagulation reduces this risk but instead increases the risk of bleeding.

Gestures improve communication -- even with robots
In the world of robot communication, it seems actions speak louder than words.

Twists and turns of life: Patterns of DNA supercoiling
Scientists from the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), USA, have elucidated genome-wide patterns in the complex structures formed by the DNA of bacteria in different environmental conditions.

Easy as Alep, Bet, Gimel? Cambridge research explores social context of ancient writing
A new University of Cambridge research project is set to shed light on the history of writing in the ancient world, and explore the long-lasting relationship between society and writing that persists today.

Surgery residency program directors believe flexible duty hours improve continuity of care
Directors of general surgery residency programs believe that flexible work hour schedules for surgeons in training (residents) improve the continuity of patient care as well as resident training without compromising patient safety.

Shorter, intensive radiation can be recommended in early prostate cancer
Giving early-stage prostate cancer patients a slightly higher daily dose of radiation can cut more than two weeks from the current treatment regimen without compromising cancer control, according to a national study led by a Duke Cancer Institute researcher.

Society of Interventional Radiology bestows highest honors
The Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) presented its highest honor, the SIR Gold Medal, to Ernest J.

Death of an independent director leads CEOs to make fewer acquisitions
CEOs who have experienced an independent director's death engage in fewer acquisitions after the director's death, according to a new paper by strategic management experts at Rice University's Jones Graduate School of Business.

Hybrid system could cut coal-plant emissions in half
MIT researchers have designed a system to generate electricity from coal with much greater efficiency -- possibly reaching as much as twice the fuel-to-electricity efficiency of today's conventional coal plants.

UMD researchers show how companies can synchronize digital strategies and investments
Conventional wisdom in strategy holds that companies need to choose between cost-cutting or revenue growth.

New study adds key piece to autism puzzle
The first study to use eye-tracker technology to monitor eye movement of children with autism spectrum disorder during an interactive conversation shows that children with the developmental disability fixate longer on a speaker's mouth rather than the eyes when the conversation turns emotional.

Vitamin D improves heart function, study finds
A daily dose of vitamin D3 improves heart function in people with chronic heart failure, a five-year University of Leeds research project has found.

Heart failure patients have improved outcomes following investigational stem cell treatment
An investigational stem cell therapy derived from patients' own blood marrow significantly improved outcomes in patients with severe heart failure, according to a study from the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute.

Stirling collaborates to develop dementia activity toolkit
The University of Stirling is supporting the development of an innovative activity toolkit to encourage creative activities among people living with dementia.

Long-distance transport of electron spins for spin-based logic devices
A research team has demonstrated long-distance spin transport by electrical means in a semiconductor quantum well, which is designed to increase spin lifetime.

Berkeley Lab working on key components for LCLS-II x-ray lasers
Berkeley Lab scientists are developing some key components for X-ray lasers that will produce the brightest X-rays on the planet and up to 1 million X-ray pulses per second.

Relationships in distress find support in web-based program,
Relationships in distress are linked to mental and physical health problems in partners and their children.

Study reveals new way lungs respond in asthma attacks
University of Leicester researchers identify new process for preventing narrowing of airways that could lead to new treatments for disease.

Potential pathway for emergence of zoonotic malaria identified
The parasite responsible for a form of malaria now spreading from macaques to humans in South Asia could evolve to infect humans more efficiently, a step towards enhanced transmission between humans, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Presently recommended exercise levels may be much more than needed for significant health benefits
International physical activity guidelines generally recommend 150 minutes a week of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity, but a critical review of the literature indicates that just half this level of activity may still lead to marked health benefits, say experts in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

New research investigates the benefits of walnuts on age-related health issues
Initial findings from the Walnuts and Healthy Aging study presented at Experimental Biology 2016 indicate that daily walnut consumption positively impacts blood cholesterol levels without adverse effects on body weight among older adults.1 The WAHA study is a dual site two-year clinical trial conducted by researchers from the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona and Loma Linda University and is aimed at determining the effect of walnuts on age-related health issues.

Cell therapy may mend damaged hearts, study says
End-stage heart failure patients treated with stem cells harvested from their own bone marrow experienced 37 percent fewer cardiac events -- including deaths and heart failure hospital admissions -- than a placebo-controlled group, according to a new study.

Leading ocean scientists recommend action plan to combat changes to seawater chemistry
A failure to adequately respond to a change in seawater chemistry, known as ocean acidification, is anticipated to have devastating ecological consequences for the West Coast, the 20-member West Coast Ocean Acidification and Hypoxia Science Panel warned in a comprehensive report unveiled Monday, April 4.

Latest NTU EOS study shows that slow fault movements may indicate impending earthquakes
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University at its Earth Observatory of Singapore have discovered a way to forecast earthquakes based on slow fault movements caused by moving sub-layers of the Earth.

For Syrian refugee children, scholars and scientists combine to connect research with relief
A collaboration launched over lunch has now become a two-day international conference at Brown on April 8-9 -- the goal has been to examine ways that early life stress affects the brain with the hope of assisting those working to help refugee children, such as those displaced by five years of fighting in Syria.

UT study: Wendell Scott's NASCAR driving microcosm of antiracism work today
Professional stock car driver Wendell Scott competed throughout the segregated Jim Crow South during the tense days of the civil rights movement.

Unraveling truly one-dimensional carbon solids
Elemental carbon appears in many different forms, including diamond and graphite.

To treat a leading cause of osteoporosis, surgery is better than widely used medications
A leading cause of the bone-loss disease osteoporosis is hyperparathyroidism.

Alaska researchers improve their 'hearing' to detect volcanic eruptions
If a volcano explodes in the remote reaches of Alaska, will anyone hear it?

Reasons reported by children, youth for being on the streets
Poverty was the most common reason reported by children and youth, globally, for why they were on the streets, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Nanotubes line up to form films
Rice University researchers discover that a simple filtration technique produces wafer-scale films of highly aligned carbon nanotubes.

No improvements with losmapimod after heart attack
Patients taking losmapimod, an anti-inflammatory drug currently being developed, for 12 weeks following a heart attack did not show improvements in the trial's primary endpoint, the rate of cardiovascular death, subsequent heart attack or urgent coronary revascularization, which includes placement of a stent or coronary artery bypass surgery, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 65th Annual Scientific Session.

Trial drug ineffective in preventing contrast-induced kidney injury
Patients treated with CMX-2043 -- an investigational drug that has previously shown some ability to protect heart muscle from damage during stenting -- saw no improved protection in their kidneys compared to placebo.

Colonoscopies and mammograms top list of 'most-shopped' health care services
Colonoscopies, mammograms, and childbirth services are the most searched-for medical services when it comes to cost information -- and millennials with higher annual deductible spending are the most frequent comparison shoppers -- according to an analysis of a large national health insurance plan database by researchers from Harvard T.H.

New immune-stimulating drug, with chemo, shrinks pancreas tumors
The results of an early-stage (phase 1b) clinical trial for pancreatic cancer show that an experimental therapy can control tumors well enough to make some patients eligible for surgery, according to data published in The Lancet Oncology by a Wilmot Cancer Institute investigator.

New board seeks expertise of Walter and Eliza Hall Institute director
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute director Professor Doug Hilton is one of eight people appointed to an expert advisory board created to guide priorities for the Australian Government's Medical Research Future Fund.

Major upgrade will boost power of world's brightest X-ray laser
Construction begins today on a major upgrade to a unique X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

Shifting sands on Mars
University of Iowa researchers have a $501,000 NASA grant to travel to Iceland to better understand sand dunes found all over the planet Mars.

New insight into interaction of volcanic ash with jet engines
Scientists at the University of Liverpool and the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich have developed a new method to assess the impact of volcanic ash on jet engines.

A chink in the armor of breast cancer cells
Working with human breast cancer cells, a team of scientists from Ann & Robert H.

Electrical stimulation of deep brain structures to ease chronic pain
UTA scientists have demonstrated that electrical stimulation of deep brain structures under the cortex could help ease chronic pain.

Common pesticides kill amphibian parasites, study finds
A recent study by Jessica Hua, assistant professor of biological sciences at Binghamton University, and colleagues, explored the effects of six commonly used pesticides on two different populations of a widespread parasite of amphibians.

Management efforts for elk and deer may not benefit all wildlife
A new study from Colorado State University researchers found that improving habitats for game animals has mixed consequences for other animals in the same setting.

When the oxygen kills
An international team of scientists including the Lomonosov Moscow State University researcher showed under which conditions a body produces more superoxide -- a dangerous form of oxygen, able to destruct DNA.

Australian scientists develop 'game changing' stem cell repair system
Stem cell therapies capable of regenerating any human tissue damaged by injury, disease or ageing could be available within a few years, following landmark research led by UNSW Australia researchers.

New tool enables scientists to interpret 'dark matter' DNA
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have invented a new way to read and interpret the human genome.

Water cycle instability is here to stay posing major political and economic risks: UN Experts
The current instability and unpredictability of the world water cycle is here to stay, making society's adaptation to new risks a vital necessity when formulating development policies, a UN expert warns.

Potential of satellite remote sensing to monitor species diversity
Satellite remote sensing (SRS) has proven to be one of the most cost-effective approaches to identify biodiversity hotspots and predict changes in species composition.

Efmoroctocog alfa for hemophilia A: Added benefit not proven
No added benefit can be derived from the dossier: the study pool for the historical comparison conducted and the information on results were incomplete.

How is the quality of care in a commercial virtual visit?
Quality of care varied among commercial virtual visit companies where patients used websites to request consultations with physicians they have never met via videoconference, telephone or web chat, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Researchers use single molecule of DNA to create world's smallest diode
Researchers at the University of Georgia and at Ben-Gurion University in Israel have demonstrated for the first time that nanoscale electronic components can be made from single DNA molecules.

Biotech breakthrough: Sunlight can be used to produce chemicals and energy
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have discovered a natural process they describe as reverse photosynthesis.

NIH awards 6 grants to explore how combination adjuvants improve vaccines
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded six grants totaling $3.1 million to researchers exploring the molecular mechanisms behind combination vaccine adjuvants -- substances that improve the effectiveness of vaccines.

Tandem duplicate phenotype detected in triple-negative breast, other cancers
A genomic configuration described as a tandem duplicator phenotype is significantly enriched in triple-negative breast cancer, serous ovarian cancer and endometrial carcinomas, and responds to cisplatin chemotherapy.

North Atlantic played pivotal role in last great climate tipping point
An international research team has discovered ground-breaking new reasons why large continental ice-sheets first grew in North America and Scandinavia during the late Pliocene Epoch era, 2.7 millions of years ago.

Researcher finds potential new source for pain inhibition
A UT Dallas scientist has found a new neurological mechanism that appears to contribute to a reduction in pain.

Study links disparities in pain management to racial bias
New research from the University of Virginia suggests that disparities in pain management may be attributable in part to bias.

Survivorship improving for acute liver failure patients, 16-year analysis led
More patients hospitalized with acute liver failure -- often the result of acetaminophen overdose -- are surviving, including those who receive a liver transplant and those who don't, an analysis led by a UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher showed.

CU Denver study shows disaster plans often neglect historic preservation
New research from the University of Colorado Denver shows many communities fail to take historic preservation into account when planning for natural disasters, risking a loss of heritage and critical engines of the local economy in the event of catastrophe.

Medical and drug device companies target nurses to influence hospital purchasing decisions
Hospital based nurses have high levels of contact with pharmaceutical and medical device industry sales personnel but have little corporate or professional guidance about managing purchasing decisions in the context of these interactions, a new study in Annals of Internal Medicine reveals.

New state of matter detected in a two-dimensional material
Researchers have observed the 'fingerprint' of a mysterious new quantum state of matter in a two-dimensional material, in which electrons break apart.

Researchers have developed successful new treatment against the deadly Junin virus
An interdisciplinary research team from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Mapp Biopharmaceutical Inc.; the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences in Austria, the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Integrated BioTherapeutics, Inc. and the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas in Argentina reports that a laboratory-engineered antibody provided complete protection against the deadly Junin virus.

New study describes altered brain activity in response to desirable foods
Understanding the motivations that drive humans to eat is an important consideration in the development of weight loss therapies.

Fast radio burst 'afterglow' was actually a flickering black hole
Last February a team of astronomers reported detecting an afterglow from a mysterious event called a fast radio burst, which would pinpoint the precise position of the burst's origin.

How ballet training could learn from football and rugby, says report
A new study from the universities of Bath and Bristol points to using biobanding for ballet.

Protein-rich diet tied to improved physical function during weight loss
New research published in the Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences shows that eating more protein from foods like lean beef, as part of a reduced-calorie diet, can help obese older adults with limited ability to exercise to lose weight and increase physical function.

Study finds brain marker of poor memory in schizophrenia patients
A new study has identified a pattern of brain activity that may be a sign of memory problems in people with schizophrenia.

Rate, rhythm control equally effective in post-operative atrial fibrillation
In the first large randomized trial to directly compare two approaches to preventing a type of abnormal heart rhythm that is the most common complication of heart surgery, the two strategies -- controlling heart rate and controlling heart rhythm -- performed equally well, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 65th Annual Scientific Session.

Report reviews 10 years of shared decision making at Massachusetts General Hospital
At Massachusetts General Hospital, a formal Shared Decision Making Program was instituted in 2005 to provide decision aids -- booklets, videos and online resources -- to patients to help them learn about their options and participate in decisions about their care.

Vibrations make large landslides flow like fluid
New research shows why some large landslides travel greater distances across flat land than scientists would generally expect, sometimes putting towns and populations far from mountainsides at risk.

UCI personalized ratings app may improve patient's choice of nursing home
A new app created at the University of California, Irvine can improve a patient's choice of a nursing home.

Fentanyl patch prescribing still not safe in 50 percent of prescriptions
Although prescribing of the fentanyl patch has improved, physicians are still failing to adhere to safe prescribing guidelines, with half of new prescriptions being written for people who have not had the required previous opioid exposure, found new research from the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada, in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) (pre-embargo link only).

New study shows increased flooding, accelerated sea-level rise in Miami over last decade
A new University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led study found that Miami Beach flood events have significantly increased over the last decade due to an acceleration of sea-level rise in South Florida.

Fishing for the future of coral reefs
New fishery regulations based on science are needed in the Caribbean to give coral reefs a fighting chance against climate change, according to an international study published today.

Two atrial fibrillation ablation techniques equal on efficacy and safety
Two established techniques for correcting the root cause of the heart rhythm disorder atrial fibrillation show similar effects and safety outcomes, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 65th Annual Scientific Session.

Fashion, function conflict in creating wearable technology
Researchers from the University of Missouri have found that the wearable technology industry often is hampered by communication breakdowns between technology engineers and fashion designers.

Clemson scientist helping to restore ancient Southern wheat
Purple Straw is the only heirloom wheat to have been cultivated continually in the South from the colonial period into the last quarter of the 20th century.

World's smallest diode, developed by U. of Georgia and Ben-Gurion U.
Dr. Dubi and his student, Elinor Zerah-Harush, constructed a theoretical model of the DNA molecule inside the electric circuit to better understand the results of the experiment.

Choir singing boosts immune system activity in cancer patients and carers, study shows
Singing in a choir for just one hour boosts levels of immune proteins in people affected by cancer, reduces stress and improves mood, which in turn could have a positive impact on overall health, a new study by Tenovus Cancer Care and the Royal College of Music published today in ecancermedicalscience has found.

Final stampede results: Glycemic benefits of bariatric surgery persist over time
In the final, five-year follow-up report from the influential STAMPEDE trial, Cleveland Clinic research shows that bariatric surgery's beneficial effects on blood glucose control in mild and moderately obese patients with type 2 diabetes may persist for up to five years, with the advantage over diabetes medications-only approach widening over time.

The Twittersphere does listen to the voice of reason -- sometimes
In the maelstrom of information, opinion and conjecture that is Twitter, the voice of truth and reason does occasionally prevail.

Device that detects congestion in the lung improves heart failure outcomes
In patients with heart failure, use of an investigational device that monitors the accumulation of fluid in the lungs appeared to cut heart failure-related hospitalizations by more than half, meeting the study's primary endpoint, and reduced deaths from any cause by 39 percent per year compared with standard assessment and treatment, researchers reported at the American College of Cardiology's 65th Annual Scientific Session.

Treating myasthenia gravis with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplants
A report on seven cases of severe myasthenia gravis (an autoimmune disease characterized by severe muscle weakness) suggests that autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (when a patient's own stem cells are used) may result in long-term remission that is symptom and treatment free, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.

NASA examines El Nino's impact on ocean's food source
El Nino years can have a big impact on the littlest plants in the ocean, and NASA scientists are studying the relationship between the two.

Queen's University microbiologists unmask the Hannibal route enigma
Microbiologists based in the Institute for Global Food Security and School of Biological Sciences at Queen's University Belfast have recently released results that may have answered one of ancient history's greatest enigmas: Where did Hannibal cross the Alps?

Red raspberry research abounds at 2016 Experimental Biology conference
A flurry of new research on red raspberries is set to be presented this week at the 2016 Experimental Biology conference in San Diego.

Nobel Laureates live at TU Dresden
Four Nobel Laureates will give a public talk at TU Dresden in the summer term 2016.

Hardware, software tools created to debug intermittently powered energy-harvesting devices
Researchers at Disney Research and Carnegie Mellon University have developed a system for finding computer bugs in small devices that scavenge their energy from their environment and are subject to intermittent power failures.

Kicking the habit
In a study published today (April 4) in the scientific journal Current Biology, neuroscientists at Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown in Lisbon report novel findings that challenge the way the scientific community has been thinking about how actions are selected and habits are formed.

ECS publishes First Editors' Choice article
ECS published its first Editors' Choice article on Tuesday, March 22, 2016, in the Journal of The Electrochemical Society.

Mindfulness-based eating awareness helps adolescents eat healthier foods, be more active
Some of the simplest, safest lessons to help adolescents combat obesity may be raising their awareness of what they are eating and whether they are even hungry, researchers say.

Western lifestyle spells the end of biodiversity
Contrary to what many economists suggest, 'development is not always good for Nature,' a biologist at Tomsk State University argues.

US prediction models for kidney injury following angioplasty hold up in Japan
Models developed by the American College of Cardiology NCDR CathPCI Registry to predict the likelihood of angioplasty patients developing acute kidney injury and acute kidney injury requiring dialysis have proven to be effective among patients in Japan.

New understanding of liquid-like materials to solid state transition discovered
New research has identified how liquid-like materials can change into a solid-like state without the addition of extra particles or changes in volume.

Small but not forgotten: New ideas on pollen's ecology and evolution
Although many only turn their thoughts to pollen as allergy season approaches, a new American Journal of Botany Special Issue shows that a diverse array of researchers are actively pursuing research in pollen performance.

Certain type of training can improve driving skills of older adults
Older drivers can see their driving abilities improve by participating in certain types of training that improves the brain's processing speed and how the mind reacts when attention is divided, according to a new study.

Coaches vs. Cancer honors University of South Carolina Coach Martin with Champion Award
University of South Carolina Basketball Coach Frank Martin has received the 2016 Champion Award, a prestigious national honor recognizing leadership in helping to save lives and celebrate life through the Coaches vs. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to