Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 06, 2016
Insilico Medicine to present deep learned biomarkers at the Deep Learning in Healthcare Summit
Alex Zhavoronkov, PhD, CEO of Insilico Medicine will present a range of deep learned biomarkers of ageing and deep learned predictors of biological age at the RE-WORK Deep Learning in Healthcare Summit in London, 7-8th of April.

Is there association between MC1R and melanoma risk after controlling for sun?
There is a well-described association between UV radiation exposure from the sun and the development of melanoma.

Morehouse College Department of Mathematics honored for achievements
The Department of Mathematics at Morehouse College has been chosen to receive the 2016 American Mathematical Society (AMS) Mathematics Programs that Make a Difference Award.

UCSB researchers identify specific defects in LED diodes that lead to less efficient solid state lighting
UCSB researchers identify specific defects in LED diodes that lead to less efficient solid state lighting.

Older men who purchase sex do so more frequently as they age
Older American male customers of sex workers pay for more sex as they age.

NASA's GPM views Tropical Cyclone Zena hitting Vanuatu
Tropical Cyclone Zena, formerly known as Tropical Cyclone 18P formed in the South Pacific Ocean near Vanuatu early on April 5, 2016.

SMFM releases statement on use of antenatal corticosteroids in late preterm birth period
The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine released a statement on the use of antenatal corticosteroids during the late preterm birth period for women at risk of preterm birth.

Nanopillars on drone fly larvae allow them to avoid bacterial contamination
Rat-tailed maggots are known to live in stagnant, fetid water that is rich in bacteria, fungi, and algae.

Minimally invasive treatment could freeze out phantom limb pain
A pioneering technique significantly reduces phantom limb pain -- chronic pain emanating from the site of amputated limbs -- according to findings presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 2016 Annual Scientific Meeting.

New spectroscopy of 10ΛBe hypernucleus redefines the reference data of Lambda hypernuclei
A team of international researchers has successfully measured precise binding energy of a 10ΛBe hypernucleus made of four protons (ρ), five neutrons (n) and and a Lambda (Λ) particle, at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, USA.

Higher levels of vitamin D correspond to lower cancer risk, researchers say
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that higher levels of vitamin D -- specifically serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D -- are associated with a correspondingly reduced risk of cancer.

Duke study uncovers genetic elements that drive regeneration
Salamanders and fish possess genes that can enable healing of damaged tissue and even regrowth of missing limbs.

Engineers develop a pill for long-term drug release
Researchers from MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have designed a new type of pill that, once swallowed, can attach to the lining of the gastrointestinal tract and slowly release its contents.

Americans & Canadians favor practical wisdom
Psychologists Nic Weststrate and Michel Ferrari (University of Toronto) along with Sociologist Monika Ardelt (University of Florida) studied average people to determine how everyday people understand wisdom and uncovered a set of characteristics shared across North America that shape today's prototypical vision of 'wisdom.'

Radiation therapy chemotherapy combination improves survival in adults with low-grade brain cancer
Patients with a low-grade type of brain tumor called glioma who received radiation therapy plus a chemotherapy regimen, including procarbazine, lomustine and vincristine (PCV), experienced a longer progression-free survival and overall survival than patients who received radiation therapy alone, according to the results of the clinical trial, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 9802 published in the April 7 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

UGA Skidaway Institute starts study on dynamic Cape Hatteras waters
Sometimes called the 'graveyard of the Atlantic' because of the large number of shipwrecks there, the waters off Cape Hatteras on the North Carolina coast are some of the least understood on US's eastern seaboard.

Optical approach offers faster and less expensive method for carbon dating
Researchers from Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, within Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy have demonstrated a new compact spectroscopic instrument that offers a highly sensitive optical method for detecting radiocarbon dioxide concentration, which can be used to carbon date fossils and archaeological artifacts.

Earth's soils could play key role in locking away greenhouse gases
The world's soils could store an extra 8 billion tonnes of greenhouse gases, helping to limit the impacts of climate change, research suggests.

Stanford scientists improve perovskite solar-cell absorbers by giving them a squeeze
Solar cells made of perovskites have shown great promise in recent years.

How network effects hurt economies
A newly published study co-authored by an MIT economist provides evidence that economic problems may often have smaller points of origin and then spread as part of a network effect.

USDA announces $1.2 million in available funding for aquaculture research
The US Department of Agriculture today announced more than $1.2 million in available funding to support the development of environmentally and economically sustainable aquaculture in the United States.

PPPL scientists help test innovative device to improve efficiency of tokamaks
This article describes a successful test of liquid lithium limiter on China's EAST tokamak.

Invasive species not best conservation tool: Study
Harnessing an invasive fish species sounded like a promising conservation tool to help reverse the destruction wreaked by zebra mussels on endangered native mollusks in the Great Lakes -- except that it won't work, says a University of Guelph ecologist.

Brain guardians remove dying neurons
Salk scientists show how immune receptors clear dead and dysfunctional brain cells and how they might be targets for treating neurodegenerative diseases

Graphene is both transparent and opaque to radiation
A microchip that filters out unwanted radiation with the help of graphene has been developed by scientists from the EPFL and tested by researchers of the University of Geneva (UNIGE).

Marine preserve to help penguins in a 'predictably unpredictable' place
New regulations by the government of Ecuador to protect the waters around the Galapagos Islands as a marine preserve, including main feeding areas for Galapagos penguins.

Simulations 'sharpen' their tools
An article in Science, authored by a large group of scientists from 44 international institutions, marks the beginning of a major process of validation of algorithms and methods which, though different, converge on the same 'problems.' The first test was carried out on the equations of state of elemental crystals: the software and methods examined (including the most commonly used today) showed great consistency of predictions, confirming their precision.

Advancing health research through Canada's fastest supercomputer
A partnership between the Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology (LKSIOV) and the Southern Ontario Smart Computing Innovation Platform (SOSCIP) is bringing about a new wave of medical research at the University of Alberta.

How bioceramics could help fight gum disease
Severe gum disease known as periodontitis can lead to tooth loss, and treating it remains a challenge.

Oily fish eaten during pregnancy may reduce risk of asthma in offspring
Children born to mothers who eat salmon when pregnant may be less likely to have doctor diagnosed asthma compared to children whose mothers do not eat it, new research has shown.

USDA awards $6.6 million in animal nutrition, growth grants
The US Department of Agriculture today awarded $6.6 million for research focused on improving animal nutrition and growth.

How a metabolic pathway promotes breast cancer metastasis
A metabolic pathway that is up-regulated in some breast cancers promotes the disease's progression by activating a signaling protein called Arf6, according to a paper published in The Journal of Cell Biology.

Epilepsy drug may not increase risk of birth defects
Babies born to pregnant women taking the epilepsy drug lamotrigine may not be at an increased risk of birth defects, such as cleft lip, cleft palate or clubfoot, according to a study published in the April 6, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Acupuncture in the military for rapid pain relief on the battlefield
Integrative medicine (IM) is coming of age in the US military, with the first example of widespread implementation of an IM technique being the popular use of acupuncture to treat pain in combat settings.

Honduras: 215 LGBT people killed in 7 years
A new report from Index on Censorship exposes how many LGBT activists in Honduras risk torture, prison and assassination.

Cause of Maryland food poisoning outbreak traced to Asia
Vibrio parahaemolyticus caused an outbreak of food poisoning in Maryland in 2010.

Advance may make quantum computing more practical
In today's Nature, MIT researchers describe a new approach to preserving superposition in a class of quantum devices built from synthetic diamonds.

Respirator mask reduces effects of pollution on the heart
The use of a respiratory filter mask helps minimize the impact of pollution on people with heart failure during rush-hour traffic in big cities, shows a study described in an article in the journal JACC: Heart Failure and highlighted in an editorial, published by the American College of Cardiology.

Study raises questions about the safety of MRI contrast agent; authors call for FDA action
Comprehensive review of the known and potential risks of gadolinium toxicity commonly used as contrast agent in MRI scanning.

Understanding the scent of death
Well-trained cadaver dogs can be remarkably adept at discerning the smell of human remains from those of animals.

Particulate vaccine delivery systems may help
Most traditional vaccines have safety and efficacy issues, whereas particulate vaccine delivery systems -- which utilize nano- or micro-particulate carriers to protect and deliver antigens--are efficient, stable, include molecules to bolster immune responses, and minimize adverse reactions due to the use of biocompatible biomaterials.

Tuning perovskite solar-cell absorbers by giving them a squeeze
Solar cells are among the most established and widely-utilized alternative energy technologies due to their relative affordability and ease of integration into existing infrastructure.

Quality time rather than study time improves teens' educational aspirations
Teenagers who spend quality time with their parents are more likely to want to further their studies, according to research from the University of Warwick.

Sacubitril/valsartan in chronic heart failure: Indication of considerable added benefit
The new fixed-dose combination has advantages over enalapril regarding mortality, heart failure hospitalizations and quality of life.

Would changing gait pattern decrease your likelihood of running injuries?
Are runners less injury-prone trekking barefoot than in pricey running shoes?

Ludwig Cancer Research and CRI initiate clinical trial of immunotherapy for ovarian cancer
Ludwig Cancer Research and the Cancer Research Institute (CRI) have launched a Phase 1/2 clinical trial of combination immunotherapy for advanced ovarian cancer.

Crab shell signaling helps control the many faces of cholera, study shows
A new study of more than 50 samples of Vibrio cholerae isolated from both patients and the environment demonstrates the diversity and resourcefulness of the organism.

Outdoor light has role in reducing short-sightedness in kids
Increasing exposure to outdoor light is the key to reducing the myopia (short-sightedness) epidemic in children, according to ground-breaking research by Australian optometrists.

Globe's rising obesity, diabetes rates no surprise to Samoa researcher
As someone who has studied nutrition and health in Samoans over the last 40 years, Brown University public health researcher Stephen McGarvey provided data for new publications on the global trends in obesity and type 2 diabetes reported in The Lancet.

Paper-based test could help prevent food poisoning
Food poisoning is a stomach-churning, miserable condition that sends thousands of Americans to hospital emergency rooms every year.

So long lithium, hello bacteria batteries?
As renewable energy sources grow, so does the demand for new ways to store the resulting energy at low-cost and in environmentally friendly ways.

Dragons out of the dark: 6 new species of dragon millipedes discovered in Chinese caves
Six new species of Chinese dragon millipedes, including species living exclusively in caves, are described as a result of an international cooperation of research institutes from China, Russia and Germany.

Crumpling approach enhances photodetectors' light responsivity
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated a new approach to modifying the light absorption and stretchability of atomically thin two-dimensional (2-D) materials by surface topographic engineering using only mechanical strain.

Researchers visualize brain's serotonin pump, provide blueprint for new, more effective SSRIs
Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University's Vollum Institute have uncovered remarkably detailed 3-D views of one of the most important transporters in the brain -- the serotonin transporter.

Key advance: UC Davis neuroscientists get a new look into how we read
Neuroscientists at UC Davis have come up with a way to observe brain activity during natural reading.

Study raises questions over timing of heart shocks in resuscitation guidelines
Two studies published by The BMJ today evaluate treatments for patients with cardiac arrest in hospital.

Supermassive black holes may be lurking everywhere in the universe
One of the largest supermassive black holes on record has been discovered in an unexpected place: a relatively sparse region of the local universe where massive galaxies -- the typical home of these huge black holes -- are few and far between.

For young people with schizophrenia, physical and mental exercises offer hope
Researchers at UCLA's Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior have found a promising way to tackle the cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia.

Are narcissists more likely to post selfies and care about the feedback they receive?
Korean researchers studied how narcissism relates to a person's selfie-posting behavior on Social Networking Sites such as Facebook and interest in the comments they receive back.

Results of world's first study on new treatment for heroin addiction
The results of the ground-breaking SALOME research, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Psychiatry, show chronic heroin addiction now has another effective treatment tool -- hyrdomorphone, a licensed pain medication.

Shortened RT schedule benefits low-risk prostate cancer patients
Of the more than 220,000 patients newly diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2015, the vast majority will have had early-stage disease at low risk for recurrence.

Combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy assists low-grade glial brain tumors
The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, now conducting research as NRG Oncology, initiated the trial RTOG 9802 (A Phase III Study of Radiation With or Without PCV Chemotherapy in Unfavorable Low-Grade Glioma) in an effort to improve patient survival.

Magnetic delivery of therapeutic enzymes paves the way for targeted thrombosis treatment
Researchers have fabricated a new magnetically controlled material composed of enzymes entrapped directly within magnetite particles.

Exome sequencing improves doctors' ability to diagnose hard-to-pin-down neurogenetic disorders
UCLA researchers have found that a state-of-the-art molecular genetic test greatly improves the speed and accuracy with which they can diagnose neurogenetic disorders in children and adults.

Learning Japanese ancient characters with your smartphone
A research group at Osaka University has developed an application which is designed to allow anyone with a smartphone or tablet device to study ancient Japanese characters Kuzushi-ji.

Proof that ancient supernovae zapped Earth sparks hunt for after effects
Astrophysicist Adrian Melott offers assessment of compelling new supernovae evidence to appear in this week's Nature.

Fresh fruit associated with lower risk of heart attack and stroke
People who eat fresh fruit on most days are at lower risk of heart attack and stroke than people who rarely eat fresh fruit, according to new research published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Current methods cannot predict damage to coral reefs
Coral reefs are severely endangered by a warming and increasingly acidic ocean.

For parents of autistic children, more social support means better health
About one in 68 children in the United States has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Vanderbilt researchers identify potent antibodies against HIV
Researchers at Vanderbilt University have isolated antibodies with a loop-like structure that binds tightly to HIV and disables it -- even in people who have never been infected by the virus.

Brain responses found to originate from previously unknown source
Scientists at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital at McGill University have made an important discovery about the human auditory system and how to study it, findings that could lead to better testing and diagnosis of hearing-related disorders.

Existing state laws collectively require a 50 percent increase in US renewable electricity
State renewables portfolio standards, known as RPS policies, have contributed to more than half of all renewable electricity growth in the United States since 2000.

Large variations in precipitation over the past millennium
According to a new study in Nature, the Northern Hemisphere has experienced considerably larger variations in precipitation during the past twelve centuries than in the twentieth century.

Solar storm researchers prepare for the 'big one' with new urgency
At a recent conference in Washington, D.C. that drew space weather specialists from academia, the federal government, the military and private industry, Louis Lanzerotti, distinguished research professor at NJIT's Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research, summed up the implications of a massive, well-timed solar storm for today's technology-based, hyper-connected global society.

Moss is useful bioindicator of cadmium air pollution, new study finds
Moss growing on urban trees is a useful bio-indicator of cadmium air pollution in Portland, Oregon, a US Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station-led study has found.

Mediterranean loggerhead turtles dying in waters off the Middle East and North Africa
Robin Snape, a postgraduate research student with the Marine Turtle Research Group at the Centre for Ecology and Conservation at Penryn Campus and a team of fellow conservation biologists found that many adult loggerhead turtles are migrate to areas of the Mediterranean where they are dying, trapped in fishing nets used by small scale fishing operations in Cyprus, the Middle East and North Africa.

Women with unhealthy BMIs who smoke and drink at two-fold higher risk of asthma
Underweight and obese women who also drank alcohol and smoked tobacco had a two-fold higher risk of being diagnosed with asthma than women with a healthy body mass index who did not drink or smoke, a St.

Learning in the absence of external feedback
Rewards act as external factors that influence and reinforce learning processes.

ORNL tracks how halogen atoms compete to grow 'winning' perovskites
Researchers have found a potential path to further improve solar cell efficiency by understanding the competition among halogen atoms during the synthesis of sunlight-absorbing crystals.

Supernovae showered Earth with radioactive debris
An international team of scientists has found evidence of a series of massive supernova explosions near our solar system, which showered the Earth with radioactive debris.

'Honeycomb' of nanotubes could boost genetic engineering
Researchers have developed a new and highly efficient method for gene transfer.

Hydromorphone vs. diacetylmorphine for long-term opioid addiction
In most analyses, injectable hydromorphone hydrochloride was not worse than diacetylmorphine hydrochloride (pharmaceutical heroin) to treat long-term severe opioid dependence and that could provide alternative treatment for patients where diacetylmorphine is unavailable because of political or regulatory reasons or for patients in whom it was unsuccessful, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

BU professor receives Excellence in Education Award from AMSER
Kitt Shaffer, M.D., Ph.D., has received the 2016 Alliance of Medical Students Educators in Radiology (AMSER) Excellence in Education Award, which honors an educator who has made outstanding contributions in medical student radiology education.

Network governance connects people to solve collective environmental problems
Ecological systems, and ecological problems, are not nicely contained within neat human boundaries.

Alcohol related deaths are likely to increase after cuts in alcohol taxation
Alcohol related deaths are most likely set to increase in England as incomes outstrip rises in taxation, argue experts in The BMJ today.

Therapsids adapted to drastic climate change by having shorter life expectancies
In a new study published today, April 5, 2016 in Scientific Reports, palaeontologists from the National Museum, Bloemfontein -- a partner of the DST/NRF Centre of Excellence in Palaeosciences, seated at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg -- and their collaborators demonstrate that ancient mammal relatives, known as therapsids, adapted to drastic climate change by having shorter life expectancies.

Enzyme discovery leads scientists further down path to pumping oil from plants
An enzyme responsible for making hydrocarbons has been discovered by Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists studying a common green microalga called Botryococcus braunii.

Xenotransplantation: Hearts made in Munich
Could organs explanted from other mammals save human lives someday?

Factors associated with good heart health may also protect kidneys
Middle-aged adults who scored well on the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 checklist were less likely to develop chronic kidney disease than those with low scores.

Financing & Innovation in Global Health Forum
On April 14 and 15, alongside the World Bank Group's annual spring meetings, funders from the private, public, and philanthropic sectors will come together for the inaugural Financing & Innovation in Global Health Forum.

Behemoth black hole found in an unlikely place
Astronomers have uncovered one of the biggest supermassive black holes, with the mass of 17 billion Suns, in an unlikely place: the centre of a galaxy that lies in a quiet backwater of the Universe.

Argentinian researchers develop trap for mosquito that transmits Zika
Argentinian researchers have developed a new trap that can be used to effectively monitor and control the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is the primary transmitter of Zika, dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever.

Insights into new targets and promising treatments for musculoskeletal disease
As a result of new knowledge of the genes and molecular pathways that contribute to the pathogenesis of bone and muscle diseases, several new molecular targets have been identified for drug design.

Discrimination on Facebook: A matter of gender
While young, less educated males are those who share a greater amount of discriminatory content on Facebook, young university females share the least.

Smoke, dust and an unknown future
A Colorado State University research team has been awarded a three-year, $350,000 grant from the Environmental Protection Agency.

Genvoya in HIV: Positive effects predominate in some adults, negative effects in others
There is a hint of a minor added benefit for pretreated women, and a hint of lesser benefit for treatment-naive adults.

How deep does life go? MBL study describes microbial neighborhood beneath ocean floor
A team led by MBL Associate Scientist Julie Huber offers the first description of an active microbial community buried in cold oceanic crust at North Pond, an isolated sediment pond on the western flank of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Prescription assistance tied to fewer ER visits
A graduate student at Washington State University Spokane is the lead author on a research paper that shows an overall drop in emergency room visits and hospitalizations by patients who are served by the Spokane Prescription Assistance Network, which helps low income people get free and reduced-price medications.

Texas A&M study shows saturated fats 'jet lag' body clocks, triggering metabolic disorders
New research from the Texas A&M Health Science Center parses out why saturated fats are 'bad' -- and suggests that it may all be in the timing.

Research provides insights on hailstorms in Switzerland and neighboring regions
A new study over a 13-year investigation period provides information on the distribution and characteristics of hailstorms in the alpine area and adjacent areas.

Supervisors, coworkers tolerate unethical behavior when production is good, Baylor study
A new Baylor University study published in the journal Personnel Psychology investigates why employees' unethical behaviors may be tolerated versus rejected.

Plastic proteins: Synthetic material mimics essential characteristics of natural proteins
PNNL researchers hoping to design new materials for energy uses have developed a system to make synthetic polymers -- some would say plastics -- with the versatility of nature's own polymers, the ubiquitous proteins.

High in calories and low in nutrients when adolescents share pictures of food online
A new study from the University of Gothenburg show that adolescents like to present foods that are high in calories but low in nutrients in social media.

Ten researchers to receive Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prizes
A selection committee, appointed by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, has chosen 10 researchers, five women and five men, to receive the 2016 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prizes.

The Lancet: Number of adults with diabetes reaches 422 million worldwide
Since 1980, the number of adults with diabetes worldwide has quadrupled from 108 million to 422 million in 2014, according to a new study published in The Lancet.

Stroke survivors face 'invisible impairments' to return to work
'Invisible impairments' can make it difficult for stroke survivors to maintain a job, according to a study from the University of Cambridge and Queen Mary University of London.

Geothermal heat contributes to Greenland ice melt
An international team that includes University of Montana researcher Jesse Johnson has learned that the Earth's internal heat enhances rapid ice flow and subglacial melting in Greenland.

Winners of the first Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge announced
Leuphana University of Lüneburg, Germany, and information solutions provider Elsevier have announced the winners of the first Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge.

Climate change impacts on air quality the focus of EPA grant
Washington State University researchers have received a US Environmental Protection Agency grant to better understand the impact of climate change on air pollution.

New study shows much longer survival for heart transplants across species
A new immune-suppressing therapy has led to the longest survival yet for a cross-species heart transplant, according to new research conducted in part by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

Food should be labeled with 'activity equivalent' calorie information
Food should be labeled with the equivalent exercise to expend its calories to help people change their behavior, argues an expert in The BMJ today.

New tool tailors drug dosing for patients
A new computational tool successfully tested in a small pilot trial harnesses clinical data to predict the optimal drug dose for an individual.

Behemoth black hole found in an unlikely place
Astronomers have uncovered a near-record breaking supermassive black hole, weighing 17 billion suns, in an unlikely place: in the center of a galaxy in a sparsely populated area of the universe.

CRI scientists find novel metabolic twist that drives cancer survival
Scientists at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern have identified a novel metabolic pathway that helps cancer cells thrive in conditions that are lethal to normal cells.

NSB announces Public Service Award recipient
Today the National Science Board announced that Sea Education Association would be bestowed with its 2016 Public Service Award.

Young, unattached Jupiter analog found in solar neighborhood
A team of astronomers has discovered one of the youngest and brightest free-floating, planet-like objects within relatively close proximity to the sun.

Travels with my smart phone
The more we rely on our smart phones being connected to the Internet, the greater the anxiety we feel if we lose that connection when traveling, according to new research published in the International Journal of Information and Communication Technology.

Ring-shaped sugar helps in cases of atherosclerosis
Hardened and inflamed arteries, atherosclerosis, can be very dangerous. The consequences of atherosclerosis are among the most common causes of death in industrialized nations; in particular heart attacks and strokes.

Yeast against the machine: Bakers' yeast could improve diagnosis
It's easier than ever to sequence our DNA, but doctors still can't exactly tell from our genomes which diseases might befall us.

Challenging the American consensus on e-cigarettes: The English raise the ante
To e-puff or not to e-puff: that is the question.

Restaurant kids' meals make nutrition strides, but leave room for improvement
Many restaurants have made voluntary changes to their kids' menus, including reducing the calories in new items, in advance of menu-labeling legislation that will mandate printed calorie counts.

Children's interactions more complex than predicted
While sharing toys and fighting with each other, kindergarten children helped researchers understand the patterns and qualities of interactions in social groups.

Insect eyes enable drones to fly independently
After studying how insects navigate through dense vegetation, researchers at Lund University in Sweden have come up with a system that can be applied to flying robots.

Banned EU pesticide affects learning of honeybees but not bumblebees
Scientists have discovered that a banned EU pesticide affects the learning of honeybees but not bumblebees.

Treating sugar addiction like drug abuse: QUT leads world-first study
Millions of people globally are overweight or obese and sugar is considered a major factor.

A warming climate puts Europe at risk for seasonal outbreaks of dengue fever
Increasing temperatures will enlarge Europe's seasonal window for the potential spread of mosquito-borne viral disease, expanding the geographic areas at risk for a dengue epidemic to include much of Europe.

UOG scientists seek genetic reasons for coral reef survival
Coral reefs around the world are increasingly under threat from coral bleaching which destroys colonies and interrupts the food chain they support.

Fewer than 250 mature Bawean warty pigs in existence
The rare Bawean warty pig mostly forages at night in community-owned forests on Bawean island, and is endangered, according to a study published April 6, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Mark Rademaker from the VHL University of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands, and colleagues.

Age and mobility predict death better than one's 'molecular clock'
When it comes to predicting death, more rudimentary measures -- like a person's age or ability to walk or climb stairs -- are much more powerful predictors of survival than certain biomarkers.

Natural history museum professionals, biodiversity scientists identify needs
Today, the Biodiversity Collections Network released a report, 'Building a More Networked System for Communicating about Natural History Collections.' This report includes overarching recommendations for how the biodiversity sciences community can improve communication within the community and with key decision-makers. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to