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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | April 07, 2016


NIH study finds protein may be responsible for damage in eosinophilic esophagitis
Scientists have identified a protein that may be the cause of tissue damage in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE).
What really happened on Easter Island?
Hundreds of iconic moai statues stand testament to the vibrant civilization that once inhabited Easter Island, but there are far fewer clues about why this civilization mysteriously vanished.
Cancer thwarts treatment by 'stealing' blood vessels
Cancers can resist treatment by 'stealing' blood vessels from nearby tissues, a new study shows.
Fresh insights into early human embryo development
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet and the Ludwig Cancer Research in Stockholm, Sweden have conducted a detailed molecular analysis of the embryo's first week of development.
'Climate-smart soils' may help balance the carbon budget
While farm soil grows the world's food and fiber, scientists are examining ways to use it to sequester carbon and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.
Maternal obesity and diabetes in pregnancy result in early overgrowth of baby in the womb
The babies of obese women who develop gestational diabetes are five times as likely to be excessively large by six months of pregnancy, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge.
Two NIH grants back Rice University effort to develop new diagnostics
Rice University bioengineer David Zhang receives two major National Institutes of Health grants to develop tools that probe for hard-to-find sequences in genetic code.
Tropical forests and climate change focus of book
A University of California, Riverside associate professor has co-edited a just-published book on how tropical forests are responding to climate change.
Smithsonian and collaborators find that trap-jaw spiders strike prey with lightning speed
A team of researchers led by Smithsonian scientist Hannah Wood has discovered that trap-jaw spiders have a surprising ability to strike their prey at lightning speed and with super-spider power, according to new findings reported in the scholarly journal Current Biology.
Paper critically examines the politics of asylum accommodation in the UK
A new article offers a first examination of recent changes in the nature of asylum accommodation in the UK, arguing that in the model existing today, economic calculations and narratives of 'worthiness,' 'welfare,' and 'prioritization' intersect to make asylum-seeking a 'market' in which neoliberal norms of market competition, economic efficiency, and dispersed responsibility are central.
Predicting a person's distinct brain connectivity
Based on functional magnetic resonance imaging of a person's brain when that individual is resting, a new model reported in this study is able to predict how that individual's brain will look during a range of active tasks.
'Liquid biopsy' blood test detects genetic mutations in common form of lung cancer
A simple blood test can rapidly and accurately detect mutations in two key genes in non-small cell lung tumors, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and other institutions report in a new study - demonstrating the test's potential as a clinical tool for identifying patients who can benefit from drugs targeting those mutations.
UW team stores digital images in DNA -- and retrieves them perfectly
University of Washington and Microsoft researchers have developed one of the first complete systems to store digital data in DNA -- enabling companies to store data that today would fill a Walmart supercenter in a space the size of a sugar cube.
AMOR, a love potion for plant fertilization
Scientists at Nagoya University have succeeded in discovering AMOR, a sugar chain that increases the fertilization efficiency in plants.
Common prostate cancer treatments suppress immune response and may promote relapse
Prostate cancer patients and their doctors may want to think twice about the best timing for chemotherapy or radiation therapy in conjunction with a common nonsurgical treatment, based on international research findings led by UT Southwestern Medical Center investigators.
Top soccer players are under-performing because of gambling, research says
Some top soccer players are under-performing because of worries about gambling losses, new research says.
Gender perceptions of sexual harassment can influence workplace policy effectiveness
Although 98 percent of all organizations have sexual harassment policies, sexual harassment remains an issue in the workplace.
Study characterizes insulin secretion in response to metabolic stress
A new study in JCI Insight reveals that IL-1 signaling is an important mediator of islet compensation to metabolic stress.
New gene responsible for stroke discovered
Researchers have identified a new set of genes that may be responsible for the two most common and disabling neurological conditions, stroke and dementia.
Penn study brings new understanding to how fundamental DNA sequences govern gene activity
Researchers have shed new light on how the structure of regulatory sequences in DNA is packaged in a cell.
Practitioners' views on submission and dominant sex
Strong emotional experiences, an opportunity to find your place in the world, a clear set of rules and the knowledge that other people regard it as immoral and shameful.
Researcher earns Air Force grant to conceptualize how 'metamaterials' could morph
The Air Force Office of Scientific Research has awarded a three- to five-year grant to University of Kansas researcher Alessandro Salandrino, assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science.
Men on Tinder think they have a 'license to use unattractive women as they see fit'
Men on Tinder think they have a 'license to use women as they see fit' if their date's appearance is less attractive than her profile photograph, research says.
Speaking 2 languages for the price of 1
In everyday conversation, bilingual speakers often switch between languages mid-sentence with apparent ease, despite the fact that many studies suggest that language-switching should slow them down.
Canadian innovation for killing mosquito eggs could help Zika fight
With Canadian Government funding, innovators from Canada and Mexico have successfully tested a low cost, environmentally-friendly way of destroying the eggs of the mosquito genus that spreads dengue, and likely spreading the Zika virus.
Function of mysterious RNAs may often lie in their genes
Reporting in the journal Molecular Cell, the scientists determined that one prominent long non-coding RNA may be a 'red herring,' with no evident biological role to play -- whereas the DNA from which it originates does perform an important function, as an 'enhancer' that stimulates the expression of an important protein-coding gene nearby.
Hannover Messe: Efficient battery packs and environmentally friendly solar cells
At the 2016 Hannover Messe Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) will present innovative technologies for future energy supply, lighting, and lightweight construction: a concept that allows for a safe and flexible production of battery packs for stationary storage systems; a sustainable method for the production of novel organic solar cells; luminescent coatings for three-dimensional components; a process for preforming textile materials in lightweight construction; and a 3-D printing technology for high-performance polymers.
Dynamic model helps understand healthy lakes to heal sick ones
Development of a dynamic model for microbial populations in healthy lakes could help scientists understand what's wrong with sick lakes, prescribe cures and predict what may happen as environmental conditions change.
Research finds that wisdom is a matter of both heart and mind
The fluctuations of your heartbeat may affect your wisdom, according to new research from the University of Waterloo.
Minisensor is designed to warn of epileptic seizures
For epilepsy patients and attending physicians, it has been a challenge to correctly assess the frequency and severity of epileptic seizures without inpatient recording equipment.
Oregon researchers use light and sound waves to control electron states
University of Oregon physicists have combined light and sound to control electron states in an atom-like system, providing a new tool in efforts to move toward quantum-computing systems.
Middle-aged adults with hearing loss have substantially higher health care costs
In a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Annie N.
Improving models of chronic lymphocytic leukemia
In this issue of JCI Insight, Nicholas Chiorazzi and colleagues at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research sought to understand a model of chronic lymphocytic leukemia in which patient cancer cells are transplanted into immunocompromised mice.
Bone weathering helps determine time of death
Researchers have made great strides in determining how long a human body has been dead by looking at characteristics of bones subjected to the elements.
HPV vaccine effective in youth with kidney disease, but less so in those with a kidney transplant
Following vaccination against human papillomavirus, girls and young women with chronic kidney disease and those on dialysis had antibody levels above the threshold that indicates protection from infection.
Quantum effects affect the best superconductor
According to the results of a piece of international, collaborative research led by the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country and DIPC-Donostia International Physics Center, the Sorbonne University of Paris, and the University of Rome La Sapienza, and published today in Nature, the quantum behaviour of hydrogen affects the structural properties of hydrogen sulphide, a compound that when subjected to extremely high pressures has superconducting properties at the highest temperature detected so far.
What social media data could tell us about the future
Can a flow of information across Twitter signal when a momentous event is about to occur?
Public understanding of genetics can reduce stereotypes
Two University of Kansas researchers found that genetic attributions strongly shape perceptions of whether a person's sexual orientation could change and likely made same-sex marriage and other policies more widely acceptable in the past decade.
New models predicting where to find fossils
An international team of scientists have developed a way to help locate fossils of long-extinct animals.
Bariatric embolization studied as potential treatment for morbid obesity
Researchers investigate whether blocking blood vessels in the stomach leads to weight loss.
Scientists invent robotic 'artist' that spray paints giant murals
Robots do many things formerly done only by humans - from bartending and farming to driving cars -- but a Dartmouth researcher and his colleagues have invented a 'smart' paint spray can that robotically reproduces photographs as large-scale murals.
Spending that fits personality can boost well-being
Money could buy happiness if your purchases fit your personality, according to a new study that examines nearly 77,000 actual UK bank spending transactions.
Ditch 'colonial' thinking to boost access to surgery for world's poor, rich nations told
Rich nations 'must abandon colonial narratives' and work alongside low and middle income countries to boost access to safe and affordable surgery for the world's poor, concludes an international blueprint for action, published in the newly launched journal BMJ Global Health.
Protein SIRT5 linked to healthy heart function
Cornell researchers, working in collaboration with scientists in Switzerland, have identified a strong connection between a protein, SIRT5, and healthy heart function.
Reducing food waste could help mitigate climate change
About a tenth of overall global greenhouse-gas emissions from agriculture could be traced back to food waste by mid-century, a new study shows.
Exotic quantum effects can govern the chemistry around us
Objects of the quantum world are of a concealed and cold-blooded nature: they usually behave in a quantum manner only when they are significantly cooled and isolated from the environment.
Researchers combine drugs to develop a new treatment for human parainfluenza virus
Griffith's Institute for Glycomics have made a promising discovery in the treatment and prevention of human parainfluenza virus.
No more broken hearts
A team of the Lomonosov Moscow State University scientists investigated the genetic mechanisms underlying the development of the coronary atherosclerosis.
Traditional skin tests used to predict allergies to antibiotics are useless say Montreal researchers
Skin tests traditionally used to predict allergies to amoxicillin, one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics in children, are ineffective according to a new study led by a team from the McGill University Health Centre in Montreal.
Mobility and motivation: Job switching stokes competitive behavior
Colleague today, competitor tomorrow: Moving to a rival firm leads to a conflict of identities -- and causes movers to focus their competitive impulses on their former employer, as a study by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich management scholar Thorsten Grohsjean shows.
Kidneys have an innate clock that affects many metabolic processes in the body
Daily fluctuations caused by the kidney's circadian clock have an important effect on the levels of various amino acids, lipids, and other components of blood in the body.
Microbes take center stage in workings of 'the river's liver'
Scientists have found evidence that rising river waters deliver a feast of carbon to hungry microbes where water meets land, triggering increased activity and altering the flow of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
'Why do wasps attack?' and other chemistry questions answered (video)
Why do wasps become more aggressive after you kill one of the hive members?
Study: Daily deal websites can capitalize by displaying sales numbers
UT Dallas professors developed a theoretical model that considers the strategic interaction between a daily deal website, a merchant and consumers.
ORNL neutron 'splashes' reveal signature of exotic particles
Researchers used neutrons to uncover novel behavior in materials that holds promise for quantum computing.
Canadian cardiologists advocate guidelines for athlete screening before sports events
Screening athletes prior to high-level sports events to identify individuals who may be affected by cardiovascular diseases is controversial.
New low-cost workforce extends primary care to homes of older adults
A new study from Indiana University School of Medicine and the Regenstrief Institute has found that person-centered dementia care, which involves both patients and their caregivers, can be effectively provided by an engaged low-cost workforce -- care coordinator assistants.
Six to 10 million years ago: Ice-free summers at the North Pole
An international team of scientists led by the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) have managed to open a new window into the climate history of the Arctic Ocean.
Review examines functioning, disability, and health in autistic patients
A recent review and analysis of the medical literature has helped determine what constitutes the relevant aspects of ability and disability in individuals of all ages with autism spectrum disorder.
Studying the impact of wildfires on air quality, environment
Research assistant professor Ezra Wood at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has been awarded a four-year, $800,000 grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to participate in one of the largest studies to date of atmospheric chemistry in wildfires.
Primate evolution in the fast lane
The pace of evolution is typically measured in millions of years, as random, individual mutations accumulate over generations, but researchers at Cornell and Bar-Ilan Universities have uncovered a new mechanism for mutation in primates that is rapid, coordinated, and aggressive.
UCI study finds safer stem cell-derived therapy for brain radiation recovery
While stem cells have shown promise for treating brain regions damaged by cancer radiation treatments, University of California, Irvine researchers have found that microscopic vesicles isolated from these cells provide similar benefits without some of the risks associated with stem cells.
Study suggests epiregulin as a target in lung cancer
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study recently published in the journal Molecular Carcinogenesis points to a new potential biomarker and target in lung cancer, namely epiregulin, an under-studied EGF-like growth factor.
UC Berkeley, Stanford find LA LGBT Center's canvassing conversations reduce transphobia
Stanford University and UC Berkeley researchers report that volunteer canvassers -- both transgender and not -- reduced voters' prejudice against transgender people.
IU biologist receives $1.25 million to co-lead study on evolutionary development
An Indiana University biologist is part of the world's largest coordinated project on the study of evolutionary biology as the recipient of $1.25 million from a foundation promoting the advancement of science and philosophy.
Special issue: Cancer metastasis
This special issue on cancer, largely focused on metastasis, features two Reviews, two Perspectives, an editorial and a news story that highlight the latest advances in understanding how cancer cells spread and the best means by which to prevent this dissemination.
More guidelines, uniformity in RT needed following chemotherapy, surgery in breast cancer
Wide variability exists in radiation treatment decisions following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery for breast cancer, according to a review of the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z1071, a prospective trial.
Global surgery experts issue roadmap for improving access to surgical care
Today, BMJ Global Health, a new publication launched by the BMJ, published a roadmap to expanding access to surgical care around the world.
Heavy drinking endangers the health of liver transplants
Alcoholic liver disease is a major indication for liver transplantation, but up to 20 percent of patients experience severe alcoholic relapse.
Modern men lack Y chromosome genes from Neanderthals, Stanford researchers say
The Neanderthal counterpart of the human Y chromosome, or male sex chromosome, appears to have died out.
Study combines DNA testing with wireless sensor to improve Parkinson's diagnosis
Diagnosing Parkinson's disease, especially in its early stages, has long been a challenge for physicians.
Scientists at TU Dresden discover new phenomenon in the field of gas-solid interactions
Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaskel and his team of scientists at the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry I at TU Dresden discovered in cooperation with the Helmholtz-Centre Berlin (HZB) and French researchers a new phenomenon in the field of gas-solid interactions: the so-called Negative Gas Adsorption (NGA).
Pitoti Digital Rock-Art wins an EU Prize for Cultural Heritage
Researchers from Cambridge University are amongst the winners of the 2016 European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards, Europe's highest honor in the heritage field.
These trap-jaw spiders strike their prey with lightning speed
Mecysmaucheniidae spiders, which live only in New Zealand and southern South America, don't look like much.
Nanoparticles show promise for treating intestinal inflammation, study finds
Nanoparticles designed to block a cell-surface molecule that plays a key role in inflammation could be a safe treatment for inflammatory bowel disease, according to researchers in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University and Southwest University in China.
Subclinical epileptic bursts in the brain may affect patients' driving
Epileptic discharges in the brain that are unaccompanied by obvious clinical signs are regarded as subclinical or interictal.
NIH launches large clinical trials of antibody-based HIV prevention
Enrollment has begun in the first of two multinational clinical trials of an intravenously delivered investigational antibody for preventing HIV infection.
Do differences in anatomy matter for achieving orgasm?
A recent review of the medical literature reveals that differences in anatomy may help explain why some individuals experience orgasms more successfully than others.
Ensuring the integrity of our genetic material during reproduction
The genetic information we receive from our parents in the form of chromosomes are mosaics assembled from the two copies of chromosomes each parent has.
When will a neutron star collapse to a black hole?
Astrophysicists from Goethe-University Frankfurt have found a simple formula for the maximum mass of a rotating neutron star and hence answered a question that had been open for decades.
Research into the correlation between beauty and body size shows that women are the harshest judges
Research published in the journal Economics and Human Biology has described the relationship between attractiveness, BMI and gender, showing that while women are both the harshest judges of weight in relation to beauty, they are also judged negatively by both men and women for being overweight.
Catalyst could make production of key chemical more eco-friendly
A new catalyst combining copper nanoparticles with a special type of graphene could lead to a greener way of producing ethylene, a key commodity chemical.
US Forest Service experimental forests chosen for US-China climate initiative
Two US Forest Service experimental forests have been chosen to participate in the US,-China Climate Change and Forests Initiative, a program of the US-China Climate Change Working Group led by the US Department of State.
Drop in body temperature linked to aging aggravates manifestations of Alzheimer's disease
The drop in body temperature associated with aging could aggravate the main manifestations of Alzheimer's, suggests a study published in the latest issue of Neurobiology of Aging by Université Laval researchers.
Half of Syrians living in Germany favor ceiling
Current Emnid survey shows positive attitude of people of Syrian origin towards newly arriving refugees -- at the same time fears of arriving terrorists.
China scientists visualize coherent intermolecular dipole-dipole interactions
A research team from the University of Science and Technology of China has successfully visualized coherent intermolecular dipole-dipole coupling in real space using STM-based electroluminescence techniques.
Gray matter abnormality predicts neurodevelopmental problems in smaller premature babies
A new study has explored a more objective system for scoring MRIs -- and in the process found that an often unreported abnormality of the brain's gray matter can indicate future impairment.
Briefing: Will Habitat III produce an effective 'new urban agenda?'
Habitat III will be one of the first global United Nations conferences since the the 2015 meetings on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris climate change summit.
PolyU breaks the world record of fastest optical communications for data centers
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) has achieved the world's fastest optical communications speed for data centers by reaching 240 G bit/s over 2km, 24 times of the existing speed available in the market.
KAIST hosts 2016 International Presidential Forum on Global Research Universities
The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) will raise the topic of higher education as a driver of social change, innovation, and entrepreneurship with the heads of global universities at its seventh international forum to be held on April 11-12, 2016 at the Grand Hyatt Hotel in Seoul, the Republic of Korea.
Study shows effectiveness of earplugs in preventing temporary hearing loss after loud music
In a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Wilko Grolman, M.D., Ph.D., of the University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands, and colleagues assessed the effectiveness of earplugs in preventing temporary hearing loss immediately following music exposure.
Combination therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia
In this issue of JCI Insight, Charles Mulligan of St.
Test run finds no cancer risk from stem cell therapy
The research followed the whole journey iPS cells would take when used in clinical therapy and found that iPs cells acquire 10 times fewer mutations than cells in the body and that no mutations occurred in genes known to cause cancer.
Inflammatory factors cause damage to back of eye following keratoprosthesis implantation
Researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School have identified inflammatory factors that contribute to optic nerve damage following keratoprosthesis implantation in a mouse model.
Detailed analysis of autism-associated genes finds involvement in key pathways, processes
A group of Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has identified key underlying biological processes that involve some of the hundreds of genes known to contribute to the risk of autism spectrum disorders.
Calpain 14 overexpression underlies loss of barrier function in eosinophilic esophagitis
In the latest issue of JCI Insight, Marc Rothenberg and colleagues at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center demonstrate that CAPN14 mediates inflammation-induced remodeling of the cells lining the esophagus.
New cloud measurements are predicting a warmer climate
Models that aim to predict human-induced global average temperature rise have been underestimating important contributions from clouds, causing projections to be lower than what actually might occur, at least in some simulations, a new study suggests.
Quantum simulation 2.0: Atoms chat long distance
In an international first, a research team of experimental physicists led by Francesca Ferlaino and theoretical physicists led by Peter Zoller has measured long-range magnetic interactions between ultracold particles confined in an optical lattice.
Brief face-to-face talk can shift anti-transgender attitudes
Door-to-door canvassers who had brief conversations with Florida residents measurably changed attitudes toward transgender people, a new study finds.
Neuromonics introduces downloadable product to ease 'ringing in the ears'
Neuromonics, Inc., is introducing the Tinnitus Alleviator™, a downloadable product to help those suffering from ringing in the ears.
New report identifies 6 practices to improve health care for disadvantaged populations
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine identifies six promising practices to improve health care for individuals with social risk factors for poor health care outcomes, such as people who are in a low socio-economic position, reside in disadvantaged neighborhoods, identify as a racial or ethnic minority, or possess limited health literacy.
Can corals keep up with ocean acidification?
An interdisciplinary team of researchers led by University of Delaware professors Wei-Jun Cai and Mark Warner has successfully measured both pH and carbonate ion concentration directly inside the calcifying fluid found in coral, an important development in the study of how ocean acidification will affect marine calcifying organisms such as corals and shellfish.
Prevention of sickle cell disease progression in adult mice
A new study in JCI Insight reports the results of a longitudinal study of SCD model mice that links impaired activity of the antioxidant regulator Nrf2 to intravascular red blood cell destruction and other adverse SCD-associated effects.
News: Report shows how to say goodbye to harmful algal blooms
A university collaboration has issued a report on approaches to reduce harmful algal blooms on Lake Erie.
Proposed health charges for migrants fail test against government's own principles
Proposals by the UK government to charge non-EEA residents for access to the NHS fail to abide by the government's principles for the NHS, are ideologically driven and unlikely to result in substantial savings.
Open operations for gallbladder removal drop 90 percent at 1 institution over 30 years
While minimally invasive surgical techniques have made operations easier and recovery time faster, there is a downside: surgical residents today aren't acquiring certain operative skills, according to a new study appearing online on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website in advance of print publication.
Methods used to create textiles also could help manufacture human tissues
Tissue engineering is a process that uses novel biomaterials seeded with stem cells to grow and replace missing tissues.
Neanderthal Y chromosome offers clues to what kept us separate species
Researchers reporting in the American Journal of Human Genetics, published by Cell Press, have completed the first in-depth genetic analysis of a Neanderthal Y chromosome.
Typhoid toxin increases host survival and promotes asymptomatic infection
Genotoxins damage the genetic material in cells and can cause mutations and cancer.
NASA finds very heavy rainfall in Tropical Cyclone Zena
Tropical cyclone Zena intensified over the open waters between Vanuatu and Fiji and the Global Precipitation Measurement mission core satellite known as GPM found very heavy rainfall and very high cloud tops.
Climate models underestimate global warming by exaggerating cloud brightening
Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Yale University have found that climate models are aggressively making clouds 'brighter' as the planet warms.
Astrophysicists find triple star system with 'hot Jupiter'
Crisp, clear images of a 'hot Jupiter' system captured by a University of Notre Dame physicist were vital in determining that a newly found planet inhabits a three-star system, a phenomenon documented only a few times before.
Ivacaftor improves smooth muscle function in cystic fibrosis patients
In this issue of JCI Insight, David Stoltz of the University of Iowa and colleagues provide evidence that CTFR dysfunction directly alters the elasticity and blood supply of the airway.
Technique may reduce complications in elderly patients undergoing bladder cancer surgery
A retrospective study indicates that for certain elderly patients undergoing surgery for bladder cancer, diverting urine from the bladder can be safely achieved with what's known as a cutaneous ureterostomy with a single stoma rather than the commonly used ileal conduit.
Study identifies mechanisms underlying osteochondroma formation
In this issue of JCI Insight, Antonios Aliprantis and colleagues at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston demonstrate that loss of the genes encoding nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 and c2 (known as NFATs) induce osteochondroma formation in mice.
San Diego to be research hub for new Human Vaccines Project
The University of California, San Diego, J. Craig Venter Institute, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology and The Scripps Research Institute have teamed up to create the 'Mesa Consortium,' a new scientific hub for the Human Vaccines Project.
CNIO scientists discover a new mechanism of resistance to chemotherapy
Óscar Fernández-Capetillo's team reports that ATR kinase inhibitors are more effective in cells with high levels of CDC25A protein expression.
$2.1 million AIHS Chair awarded to University of Alberta researcher
Alberta Innovates-Health Solutions and the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry are pleased to announce the awarding of the AIHS Translational Health Chair in Cardio-Oncology to University of Alberta alumnus Gopinath Sutendra, PhD.
The pool frog adapts its growth to Sweden's cold temperatures
Pool frog (Pelophylax lessonae) tadpoles have the amazing ability to grow at different rates depending on changes in temperature.
Vaccine improves fibrosis in mouse model of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
In this issue of JCI Insight, Maureen Horton and colleagues at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine report that intranasal administration of a vaccine for vaccinia, the virus that causes small pox, improved lung function in a mouse model of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
CCTSI's Boot Camp Translation cuts medical jargon, improves community health
A new study by University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus researchers confirms the success of a new patient-engagement method called Boot Camp Translation, which turns complex medical screening guidelines into locally relevant health messages.
Fruit flies live longer on lithium
Fruit flies live 16 percent longer than average when given low doses of the mood stabilizer lithium, according to a UCL-led study.
USC Roski Eye Institute researchers publish largest Chinese American eye study
USC Roski Eye Institute researchers publish largest eye study among Chinese Americans in JAMA Ophthalmology identifying more effective ways to prevent and treat blinding eye diseases for this racial group.
Oil and gas wastewater disposal may harm West Virginia waterways
Unconventional oil and gas operations combine directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing, or 'fracking,' to release natural gas and oil from underground rock.
From Genome Research: Human evolution fast-tracked by mutations from anti-viral enzyme
Evolution is thought to proceed through the gradual accumulation of independent mutations in each new generation.
New role identified for scars at the site of injured spinal cord
For decades, it was thought that scar-forming cells called astrocytes were responsible for blocking neuronal regrowth across the level of spinal cord injury, but recent findings challenge this idea.
HVTN and HPTN Announce initiation of antibody mediated prevention (AMP) study
The HIV Vaccine Trials Network and the HIV Prevention Trials Network today announced the initiation of HVTN 704/HPTN 085, also known as Antibody Mediated Prevention, a Phase 2b clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of VRC01, a broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibody.
Researchers help explain why we favor a black and white approach to morality
New research from Oxford and Cornell Universities shows people gauge others' trustworthiness based on their moral judgments.
New survey on American attitudes toward Zika virus finds limited awareness or concern
A survey by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research finds that three-quarters of Americans who have heard at least a little about the Zika virus are aware that the virus is linked to birth defects in babies born to infected mothers.
Climate change may reduce vulnerable salmon populations
New research in north-central Mongolia illuminates the effects of global climate change on certain vulnerable species of salmon.
Report recommends ways to break cycle of domestic violence
Victims of domestic violence are hindered from leaving their abusers by internal and external factors, including the response of the criminal justice system, fear, perceived control, and self-esteem, according to the latest report from the Crime Victims' Institute.
Young arthritis patients have unique concerns about treatment
A new study funded by Arthritis Research UK indicates that teens and young adults with inflammatory arthritis see treatment as presenting both an opportunity and a threat to their desire to lead a 'normal' life.
HIV can develop resistance to CRISPR/Cas9
The CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing platform may need more tweaking before it can be used as an effective antiviral, reports a study published April 7 in Cell Reports.
Penn engineers develop first transistors made entirely of nanocrystal 'inks'
University of Pennsylvania engineers have shown a new approach for making transistors and other electrical devices: sequentially depositing their components in the form of liquid nanocrystal 'inks.'
From IT to black holes: Nano-control of light pioneers new paths
An Australian research team has achieved unparalleled levels of control over the angular momentum (AM) of light in an integrated nanophotonic chip.
New predictive tool for assessing breast cancer risk
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and collaborators at Brigham and Women's Hospital found that women were five times as likely to develop cancer if they had a higher percentage of Ki67, a molecular marker that identifies proliferating cells, in the cells that line the mammary ducts and milk-producing lobules.
Marine reserves are critical for coral reef resilience
Due to the combined effect of human and natural disturbances, coral reefs are declining at an alarming rate.
Louisiana Tech University students recognized for 'green' research
Renata Minullina and Abhishek Panchal, biomedical engineering graduate students from Louisiana Tech University and the Institute for Micromanufacturing (IfM), have won the prestigious Poster Presentation Award at the Polymer Materials Science and Engineering Division of the 251st National American Chemical Society (ACS) Meeting held recently in San Diego, California.
Murine model provides insight into mechanisms of reverse cardiac remodeling
In this issue of JCI Insight, Douglas Mann and colleagues at Washington University School of Medicine developed and characterized a murine model of dilated heart failure that exhibited normalization of left ventricle structure following suppression of pathogenesis.
Wine yeast genomes lack diversity
Sequencing the genomes of hundreds of strains of the wine yeast S. cerevisiae has revealed little genetic diversity and high levels of inbreeding.

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