Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 11, 2016
Shining new light on diabetes treatment
Researchers have developed a light-activated tool to show how drugs need to be adapted to combat type 2 diabetes.

Biologists discover new strategy to treat central nervous system injury
Neurobiologists at UC San Diego have discovered how signals that orchestrate the construction of the nervous system also influence recovery after traumatic injury.

Mount Sinai and Sage Bionetworks report analysis of nearly 600,000 genomes for resilience project
Custom-built targeted sequencing panel proves essential in hunt for people naturally resistant to severe disease.

Angiogenesis factor found to promote three age-related diseases of the eye
A Massachusetts General Hospital investigator has found that increased expression of the angiogenic factor VEGF-A promotes three common aging-related eye conditions - both versions of age-related macular degeneration and also cataracts - in an animal model.

St. Jude researchers reveal how 2 types of immune cells can arise from 1
Newly identified mechanism may offer ways to enhance the immune response to fight cancer or strengthen long-term protection provided by vaccines.

Face- and eye-muscle research sheds new light on Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Researchers at Basel University Hospital in Switzerland investigate the biochemical and physiological characteristics of orbicularis oculi, a group of facial muscles that control the eyelids and are selectively spared or involved in different neuromuscular disorders.

CHLA researcher awarded $1.665 million to study retinal development
David E. Cobrinik, M.D., Ph.D., of The Vision Center at Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) has been awarded a four-year grant totaling $1.665 million from the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health.

Why do people with Alzheimer's stop recognizing their loved ones?
A recent study has demonstrated that, beyond causing memory problems, Alzheimer's disease also impairs visual face perception.

Mothers say middle-class status little protection against gendered racism for black boys
A new study published in the April 2016 issue of Gender & Society, conducted by sociologist Dawn Marie Dow of Syracuse University's Maxwell School, offers the first rigorous analysis of what has been colloquially referred to as 'The Talk' or the 'Black Man's Code,' a set of socially circumscribed rules black boys and men feel compelled to follow to protect themselves from suspicion, criminalization as 'thugs,' and harm -- regardless of class status.

Researchers define links within 2 supercontinents
A new paper argues that the rocks or crust now exposed in southern Siberia were once connected to northern North America for nearly a quarter of the Earth's history.

Our employment status affects our morals around money
In the study 'Moral consequences of becoming unemployed', endorsed by the prestigious scientific journal PNAS, researchers at the UPV/EHU's Faculty of Economics and Business and at the University of Nottingham (UK) have analysed a moral consequence of unemployment that together with the effects it has on people's mental health, could explain why these people become disengaged from the labor market.

Kidney stone patients hospitalized on the weekend may get delayed treatment
Patients with severe cases of kidney stones are 26 percent less likely to receive timely treatment when they're admitted to the hospital on the weekend, according to a study published in the Journal of Urology.

Scientists uncover what makes plants 'clot'
Just like humans, when plants are cut they clot at the site of the wound.

Kerosene subsidies slow transition to clean energy
Reducing reliance on kerosene lighting would provide benefits but proves a stickier problem than previously thought, according to a new analysis focused on India.

Exploring synapses with a gigantic advantage
Scientists create giant neural connections in culture for the first time.

PET scans guiding chemo boosts remission for Hodgkin patients
Using PET imaging to guide chemotherapy treatment significantly increases the number of people who go into remission and also decreases toxic side effects for people with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma, according to research conducted by SWOG and two other National Cancer Institute research groups.

Researchers find key to zinc rich plants to combat malnutrition
The diet in many developing countries is lacking zinc, but researchers have just solved the riddle of how to get more zinc into crop seeds.

Pericardial window operation less efficient in cases of lung cancer than any other cancer
Pericardial window operation, a procedure, where abnormal quantity of malignant fluid, surrounding the heart, is drained into the neighbouring chest cavity, is commonly applied to patients diagnosed with cancer.

New public repository of patient-derived cancer models aims to improve drug testing
Testing experimental cancer drugs in mouse models with patient-derived tumors could reduce the high failure rate of drugs in early clinical trials, according to a report from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists.

Hormone therapy for prostate cancer may increase risk of depression
A new study led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital has found a significant association between depression and patients being treated for localized prostate cancer by androgen deprivation therapy.

Anorexia-like condition in mice triggered by combination of genetic risk, stress, dieting
In a recent study, Columbia researchers described a new mouse model featuring a combination of genetic and environmental risk factors that can trigger the compulsive restriction of food intake seen in patients with anorexia nervosa.

UMass Amherst geoscientists to reconstruct climate at old Norse settlements in Greenland
The National Science Foundation has awarded $348,218 to climate researchers Raymond Bradley and Isla Castaneda at the University of Massachusetts Amherst to analyze sediment records from Greenland's lakes, where Vikings once settled.

Islands facing a dry future
A new way of modeling the effects of climate change on islands shows that previous analyses underestimated the number of islands that would become substantially more arid by mid century -- 73 percent, up from an estimate of 50 percent.

Antibiotics don't promote swapping of resistance genes
Duke researchers have shown that, outside of a few specific examples, antibiotics do not promote the spread of bacterial antibiotic resistance through genetic swapping, as previously assumed.

Vascular Medicine editorial on PAD recommendations to MEDCAC panel
The Society for Vascular Medicine (SVM) is a part of a coalition of five leading nonprofit professional societies that has made recommendations for the treatment of peripheral artery disease (PAD) to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Advisory Committee (MEDCAC) panel.

Kirkham Gold Medal honors soil scientist van Genuchten
Their research shows extraordinary commitment to science and soil physics and support of soil physicists.

Shark population threatened due to fin harvesting
A recent study shows that effective shark conservation in Indonesia only works when shark protection through no-fishing zones is combined with efforts to involve local communities in the management of their own fisheries and by providing alternatives to sustain their livelihoods.

Wealth of unsuspected new microbes expands tree of life
UC Berkeley scientists have dramatically expanded the tree of life, which depicts the variety and evolution of life on Earth, to account for thousands of new microscopic life forms discovered over the past 15 years.

Scant evidence to back locating primary care services in emergency/urgent care
There is little evidence to back locating primary care services in emergency/urgent care facilities in a bid to curb patient demand and improve throughput, finds a review of the available evidence, published online in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Study: More than 40 percent of retired NFL players had brain injury
More than 40 percent of retired National Football League (NFL) players in a recent study had signs of traumatic brain injury based on sensitive MRI scans called diffusion tensor imaging, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 68th Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada, April 15 to 21, 2016.

Mapping the routes to drug resistance in cancer
When a targeted therapy blocks a pathway that enables tumors to grow, the cells usually manage to get around that obstacle.

Breakthrough may stop multiple sclerosis in its tracks
An international research team has demonstrated that a new plant-derived drug can block the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS).

CB measurement with PET could improve evaluation of suspicious lung lesions
Positron Emission Tomography is used commonly in the diagnosis of suspected lung cancer.

3-D printing creates knee model for evaluating patellar disorders and surgical approaches
A new, low-cost approach to building a knee model for studying knee pain and impaired mobility caused by abnormal movement of the patella uses a 3-D printer to create a femur, tibia, patella, and the navigation system to guide knee reconstruction.

Bronchial thermoplasty improves asthma regardless of socioeconomic status
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a new and effective treatment option for patients with uncontrollable and severe asthma, but it is very expensive and rarely offered to this population of patients.

Intelligent transaction tax could help reduce systemic risk in financial networks
A new IIASA study proposes a solution for mitigating the increasingly risky nature of financial markets, based on an analysis of systemic risk in financial networks.

Discovery in roundworms may one day help humans with spinal cord injury and paralysis
A newly discovered pathway leading to the regeneration of central nervous system (CNS) brain cells (neurons) in a type of roundworm (C. elegans) sheds light on the adult human nervous system's ability to regenerate.

Stanford trial shows paper tape can help prevent foot blisters
Researchers followed ultra-marathon runners around the world to test whether low-cost paper tape could reduce debilitating and painful blisters.

How the ant queen gets her crown: Uncovering the evolution of queen-worker differences
Networks of co-expressed genes are found to be different between queen and worker ants.

The fourth dimension
Remote sensing techniques facilitate observations and monitoring of ground displacements.

Omega factor: Novel method measures mortality risk when multiple diseases threaten
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have developed a novel method for assessing mortality risk in elderly patients with cancer who also suffer from other serious diseases or conditions.

Whites receive more state funding for autism services than other racial/ethnic groups
Whites with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in California receive more state funding than Hispanics, African Americans, Asians and others, new research from UC Davis Health System has found.

NTU Singapore steps up partnerships with South Korea
Nanyang Technological University is launching Singapore's first endowed professorship in Korean Studies, and a new five-year research program in technology and innovation with top Korean and Israeli universities.

Can more fiber restore microbiome diversity?
Scientists are pushing to restore human health in Western countries by changing our diet to restore the microbial species lost over the evolution of Western diet.

Study finds unexpected long-range particle interactions
A team of MIT researchers has found that moving bodies can be attracted to each other, even when they're quite far apart and separated by many other objects.

NPPV can enhance efficiency of pulmonary rehab in patients with COPD
Patients with severe but stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can face many obstacles when it comes to exercising and staying healthy.

Selection pressures push plants over adaption cliff
New simulations by researchers at the University of Warwick and UCL's Institute of Archaeology of plant evolution over the last 3000 years have revealed an unexpected limit to how far useful crops can be pushed to adapt before they suffer population collapse.

INRS receives major funding from CFI and the Quebec government
Thanks to over $800,000 in funding from the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) John R.

Copernicus Award 2016 for German-Polish Collaboration in Molecular Cell Biology
Researchers from Göttingen and Warsaw receive award from the DFG and the Foundation for Polish Science (FNP) / Award ceremony to take place on June 7, 2016 in Warsaw.

FIST2FAC: The future of Navy combat training?
The Office of Naval Research recently demonstrated new and improved training technology at the Fleet Integrated Synthetic Training/Testing Facility (FIST2FAC) on Ford Island, Hawaii.

Maryland's 2011 alcohol sales tax reduced alcohol sales, study suggests
Maryland's 2011 increase in the alcohol sales tax appears to have led to fewer purchases of beer, wine and liquor in the state, suggesting reduced alcohol use, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research indicates.

More male babies than expected born to Indian-born women in Canada, research papers find
More male babies than expected are born to Indian-born women living in Canada who already have two or more children, according to a study published today in the journal CMAJ Open.

Variations in gene expression may underlie increased food intake in obesity
In this month's issue of the JCI, a research team led by Rudolph Leibel at Columbia University examined how an obesity-risk allele alters the regulation of nearby genes to promote obesity.

Heine H. Hansen Award goes to Suresh Senan
The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) and the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) have announced the 2016 Heine H.

New report: Hepatitis B and C could be eliminated as public health problems in US
It is possible to end the transmission of hepatitis B and C and prevent further sickness and deaths from the diseases, but time, considerable resources, and attention to various barriers will be required, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Highly-sensitive detection method makes close monitoring of HDL kinetics possible
Brigham and Women's Hospital investigators and collaborators at the Harvard T.H.

Brittle is better for making cement
Rice University researchers model defects found in raw silicates used to make cement and affect the amount of energy used to manufacture concrete.

Battery components can take the heat
Rice University materials scientists produce an electrolyte/separator for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries that withstands very high temperatures over many charge cycles.

Researchers generate clean energy using bacteria-powered solar panel
For the first time ever, researchers at Binghamton University connected nine biological-solar (bio-solar) cells into a bio-solar panel.

Beta cells from love handles
Researchers at ETH Zurich have managed to use a synthetic genetic program to instruct stem cells taken from fatty tissue to become cells that are almost identical to natural beta cells.

Fertilizer's legacy: Taking a toll on land and water
For the first time, an international group of scientists, including researchers from Arizona State University, has come up with a way to estimate on a large scale how phosphorus flows through an environment over many decades.

Three-way battles in the quantum world
In phase transitions, for instance between water and water vapor, the motional energy competes with the attractive energy between neighboring molecules.

New hybrid drug plugs the hole in malaria drug resistance
The World Health Organization recommends treating malaria with artemisinin combination therapy (ACT), consisting of artemisinin and another drug.

Smokers have harder time getting jobs, Stanford study finds
A study comparing employment in smokers and nonsmokers showed that by 12 months, smokers were less likely to have found a job than nonsmokers, and those who did earned less than nonsmokers.

It's a small world
UCSB researchers reveal, to single-cell resolution, the network of circadian neurons that communicate to re-establish synchronization.

Fathers plays a critical role in family values for Mexican-origin youth
Past research has indicated that Latino families, particularly Mexican-origin families, tend to be more family oriented and place a significant emphasis on family time.

Research uncovers the effects of traumatic childbirth on midwives and obstetricians
A new study published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, found that feelings of blame and guilt dominate when midwives and obstetricians struggle to cope with the aftermath of a traumatic childbirth, but such events also made them think more about the meaning of life and helped them become better midwives and doctors.

Researchers identify root of chronic pain as potential new drug target
A research team centered at Japan's National Institute for Physiological Sciences revealed new information on the underlying mechanisms of cell circuits in a part of the brain for novel therapeutic strategies to treat chronic pain.

Even low levels of air pollution appear to affect a child's lungs
Dramatic improvements in air quality in US cities since the 1990s may not be enough to ensure normal lung function in children, according to new research published in the April 15 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care, a journal of the American Thoracic Society.

Imagery effective way to enhance memory, reduce false memories, study finds
Using imagery is an effective way to improve memory and decrease certain types of false memories, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

Handwriting analysis provides clues for dating of old testament texts
A new Tel Aviv University study published today in PNAS suggests that widespread literacy was required for the composition of key Old Testament texts.

Newly discovered proteins may protect against aging's illnesses
A group of six newly discovered proteins may help to divulge secrets of how we age, potentially unlocking new insights into diabetes, Alzheimer's, cancer, and other aging-related diseases.

Being married may help prolong survival in cancer patients
New research has uncovered a link between being married and living longer among cancer patients, with the beneficial effect of marriage differing by race/ethnicity and place of birth.

Ames Laboratory physicists discover new material that may speed computing
Physicists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered a topological metal, PtSn4 (platinum and tin), with a unique electronic structure that may someday lead to energy efficient computers with increased processor speeds and data storage.

Top predators play an important role in human-dominated ecosystems
Also in human-dominated landscapes large carnivores such as brown bears or wolves -- so-called top predators -- play a crucial role in the regulation of wildlife populations.

Mymetics' HIV vaccine candidate confirms promise in preclinical study with Texas Biomed
HIV vaccine candidate has shown to generate more than 80 percent protection in groups of twelve female monkeys against high dose, repeated AIDS virus exposures during part of a preclinical study.

UK's first holistic clinical trial to help improve life for cancer sufferers and survivors
For the first time in the UK a clinical trial is being run to examine whether a holistic approach will help people living with and recovering from cancer.

Wayne State study provides new understanding of diabetic peripheral neuropathy
A research team from Wayne State University recently published a paper in the Journal of Clinical Investigation that provides a paradigm shift in the understanding of cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying diabetic peripheral neuropathy and wound healing in the treatment of corneal and skin diabetic ulcers.

More than 3 percent of men on active surveillance for prostate cancer may have metastases
Active surveillance of prostate cancer is increasingly accepted as an option for treating patients with clinically insignificant disease to maintain their quality of life.

Same immune-system proteins may first giveth, then taketh away motor control
Princeton University researchers have found that a family of proteins with important roles in the immune system may be responsible for fine-tuning a person's motor control as they grow -- and for their gradual loss of muscle function as they age.

The brain on LSD revealed: First scans show how the drug affects the brain
Researchers from Imperial College London, working with the Beckley Foundation, have for the first time visualised the effects of LSD on the human brain.

Dysfunctional endosomes are early sign of neurodegeneration
Writing in the April 11 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say abnormalities in a protein that helps transport and sort materials inside cells are linked to axonal dysfunction and degeneration of neurons in Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome.

A different route to drug resistance
A team of researchers, led by Ludwig Cancer Research scientist Paul Mischel and James Heath of the California Institute of Technology, has probed biochemical signaling cascades within individual cancer cells to capture a previously poorly understood but clinically significant mechanism of cancer drug resistance.

Buying high in the stock market caused by overconfidence
Little is known about what causes people to make the investment mistake of buying stocks at a high price.

Humanoid robotics and computer avatars could help treat social disorders
A collaborative research team has found humanoid robotics and computer avatars could help rehabilitate people suffering from social disorders such as schizophrenia or social phobia.

University of Sussex research brings 'smart hands' closer to reality
Using your skin as a touchscreen has been brought a step closer after UK scientists successfully created tactile sensations on the palm using ultrasound sent through the hand.

New tool refines exoplanet search
Planet-hunting is an ongoing process that's resulting in the discovery of more and more planets orbiting distant stars.

Researchers identify tissue biomarker for dementia with lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease
Accurate diagnosis of Parkinson's disease, and the related disease 'dementia with Lewy bodies,' can be difficult in the early stages of both conditions.

Innovative partnership brings to market new tools for neglected tropical diseases
PATH and Standard Diagnostics (SD)/Alere announced today the commercial availability of two rapid diagnostic tools for onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis.

More males born to Indian-born women in Canada who already have daughters
More boys than expected are born to Indian-born women living in Ontario, Canada, who already have two daughters, according to a large study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Man and life: How marriage, race and ethnicity and birthplace affect cancer survival
Previous studies have shown that married patients with cancer fare better than unmarried cancer patients, surviving more often and longer.

Study links inequality to large, growing gap in lifespans
Poverty in the US is often associated with deprivation, in areas including housing, employment, and education.

Lothian scheme boosts uptake of food and vitamin vouchers for families living in poverty
An improvement project in Lothian is boosting uptake of food and vitamin vouchers for low income pregnant women in the area.

HKU releases study findings on help-seeking behaviors of ethnic minority and immigrant victims
The Director of the Centre for Comparative and Public Law at the University of Hong Kong Ms.

Smokers may have a tougher time finding a job, earn less money
Smoking may cost more than the money smokers spend on cigarettes.

New imaging technology could help save UK/EU steel industry
A researcher from the University of Bath has been awarded a new grant to develop an innovative way of assessing a key stage of the production of steel, greatly benefitting the competitiveness of the UK and EU steel industry.

Building Immunity: MBL Whitman Center team recreates a T-cell receptor signaling pathway
By successfully re-creating a T-cell receptor signaling pathway independent of the cell itself, MBL Whitman Center scientists have gained novel insights into how protein signaling works in a complex cellular process.

Small nerve fibers defy neuropathy conventions
Results of a small study of people with tingling pain in their hands and feet have added to evidence that so-called prediabetes is more damaging to motor nerves than once believed, in a report on the study published online in JAMA Neurology on April 11.

HRL to develop next-generation inertial sensor technology
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has awarded HRL Laboratories, LLC, $4.3 million to develop vibration- and shock-tolerant inertial sensor technology that enables future system accuracy needs without utilizing GPS.

New study shows how age and sex affect the social activity
Unnamed call records, gender and age information of 3 million mobile phone users from a European country were used to provide a probabilistic interpretation about the communication patterns of individuals.

Handwashing gets skipped a third of the time in outpatient healthcare
Despite having policies in place to prevent infections, staff at outpatient care facilities fail to follow recommendations for hand hygiene 37 percent of the time, and for safe injection practices 33 percent of the time, according to a study published in the April issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Macrophages surrounding lymph nodes block the progression of melanoma, other cancers
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital have identified a type of immune cell that appears to block the progress of melanoma and other cancers in animal models.

Journal of Dairy Science® (JDS) website offers Additional Article Collections
Approximately a year ago we introduced an enhancement to the Journal of Dairy Science® (JDS) -- the Article Collections.

Zika virus tested in brain precursor cells
Zika virus preferentially kills developing brain cells, a new study reports.

Combined effects of copper, climate change can be deadly for amphibians, research finds
Researchers at the University of Georgia's Savannah River Ecology Laboratory warn that the extinction to two amphibian species -- the southern toad and the southern leopard frog -- may be hastened by the combined effects of climate change and copper-contaminated wetlands.

Regional workshop held to explore submarine canyons science and management
On April 7, the Mid-Atlantic Regional Council on the Ocean, a partnership among New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and Virginia, hosted a workshop for a group of leading scientists and federal agency managers to discuss the state of current science for the deepsea canyons ecosystem and existing management programs that have jurisdiction over current and potential uses related to these canyons

Blood processing methods affect microparticles and mtDNA linked to transfusion reactions
Scientists from Blood Systems Research Institute in San Francisco, California, and Canadian Blood Services' Centre for Innovation lab in Edmonton, Alberta, report for the first time that specific red blood cell manufacturing methods may be less damaging to cells than others.

USPSTF publishes recommendation on taking aspirin to prevent heart attack, stroke, and colorectal cancer
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that people who are 50-69 years old, have increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and who are not at increased risk for bleeding, consider taking aspirin for primary prevention of CVD and colorectal cancer.

Major advance in 'synthetic biochemistry' holds promise for industrial products, biofuels
UCLA biochemists have devised a clever way to make a variety of useful chemical compounds, which could lead to the production of biofuels and new pharmaceuticals, using an approach they call synthetic biochemistry.

Large number of patients admitted through ED with sepsis not given a formal diagnosis code
A large number of patients admitted through the emergency department with severe sepsis or septic shock are not given a specific International Classification of Disease (ICD) code used around the world to collect data on epidemiology, morbidity and mortality statistics and reimbursement.

International network to spy on trees: ANU media release
A scientist from The Australian National University is helping set up an international network to use surveillance camera networks and drone data to spy on trees.

Study: Point-of-care ultrasound saves nearly $20,000 per patient in early shock
Patients in early shock evaluated with point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) spent less time on medications that support blood pressure and showed trends toward fewer days being supported by mechanical ventilation and time in the ICU.

A common brain cell shapes the nervous system in unexpected ways
Glial cells nourish, protect, and support neurons, but their role is far from passive.

Breakthrough toothpaste ingredient hardens your teeth while you sleep
A new toothpaste ingredient which puts back the lost minerals from tooth enamel and helps prevent decay and treat sensitivity while you sleep is available online and from specialist dental distributors now.

Women & Infants/Brown selected to continue participation in MFMU and NRN
Following a rigorous review process, Women & Infants Hospital, a Care New England Hospital, and The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, have recently received notification that their participation in the NIH's Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network and Neonatal Research Network has been renewed for the five-year cycle that begins in 2016.

Unsolved after 116 years: International academics to discuss Hilbert's sixth problem
The University of Leicester will host Hilbert's sixth problem workshop from May 2-4.

New method to estimate more accurate distances between planetary nebulae and the Earth
A way of estimating more accurate distances to the thousands of so-called 'planetary nebulae' dispersed across our Galaxy has just been announced by a team of three astronomers based at the University of Hong Kong (HKU).

A novel mechanism of crizotinib resistance in a ROS1+ NSCLC patient
Molecular analysis of a tumor biopsy from a proto-oncogene 1 receptor tyrosine kinase positive (ROS1+) patient with acquired crizotinib resistance revealed a novel mutation in the v-kit Hardy Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT) that can potentially be targeted by KIT inhibitors.

Virginia continues to lead in clam and oyster aquaculture
Virginia shellfish farmers sold $48.3 million in clams and oysters in 2015, with hard clam sales of $32.3 million once again leading the nation and $16 million in oyster sales tops among US East Coast states.

New insights into how the brain adapts to stress
New research led by the University of Bristol has found that genes in the brain that play a crucial role in behavioural adaptation to stressful challenges are controlled by epigenetic mechanisms.

ORNL hosts Southeast bioenergy meeting, study tour
Researchers and others interested in establishing a sustainable bioeconomy in the US are taking part in a five-day study tour led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Neuronal structures associated with memory sprout in response to novel molecules
Chemists at the University of California San Diego have designed a set of molecules that promote microscopic, anatomical changes in neurons associated with the formation and retention of memories.

E-cigarettes have immediate effects on pulmonary function
E-cigarette smoking is increasingly promoted as a safer alternative to cigarette smoking, but a growing body of evidence points to its potential dangers.

New findings reveal social thinking in the infant brain
An innovative collaboration between neuroscientists and developmental psychologists that investigated how infants' brains process other people's action provides the first evidence that directly links neural responses from the motor system to overt social behavior in infants.

172-year-old Saiwan boundary marker stone found
Teachers and students of Department of Real Estate and Construction of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) discovered a long forgotten boundary marker stone from the very earliest days of the British presence in Hong Kong.

Hot super-Earths stripped by host stars: 'Cooked' planets shrink due to radiation
Astrophysicists at the University of Birmingham have used data from the NASA Kepler space telescope to discover a class of extrasolar planets whose atmospheres have been stripped away by their host stars, according to research published in the journal Nature Communications today (April 11, 2016).

Solving a genetic mystery in type 1 diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks the body's own insulin-producing cells.

Steinhardt scholars present research on diversity, inequality, and technology at AERA 2016
More that 70 NYU scholars convened in Washington, DC, for the annual meeting of the American Education Research Association, the largest gathering of academics in the field of education research.

Hybrid strategy works best when high-technology companies go global
Following a hybrid competitive strategy leads to superior financial performance in the internationalisation of high-technology companies, shows a new Finnish study in the field of marketing.

New way to smell a rat means end for rodents
Simon Fraser University scientists have developed a new way to exterminate rats by identifying and synthetically replicating the male brown rat's sex pheromone.

A high-intensity workout with electro-stimulation can help burn up to 30% more calories
Scientists at the University of Granada have shown that this kind of combined exercise increases the metabolism rate for several days after the physical activity.

Copper sulfate found to be toxic to stingless bees
Brazilian researchers have found that copper sulfate, which is used as an organic fungicide and as fertilizer, is toxic to an important bee pollinator known as Friesella schrottkyi. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to