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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | April 14, 2016


Modified flu virus can 'resensitize' resistant pancreatic cancer cells to chemotherapy
A common flu virus could be used to overcome patients' resistance to certain cancer drugs -- and improve how those drugs kill cancer cells, according to new research from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).
Immunotherapy with live bacterium improves response rate in malignant pleural mesothelioma
Immunotherapy with a live bacterium combined with chemotherapy demonstrated more than 90% disease control and 59% response rate in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), according to the results of a phase Ib trial presented today at the European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC) 2016 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Brain scan method may help detect autism
Scientists report a new degree of success in using brain scans to distinguish between adults diagnosed with autism and people without the disorder, an advance that could lead to the development of a diagnostic tool.
A single-atom magnet breaks new ground for future data storage
EPFL scientists have built a single-atom magnet that is the most stable to date.
Pincus Family Foundation partners with Temple to establish Urban Health Fellowship
The Pincus Family Foundation is partnering with the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University to establish the Pincus Family Foundation Urban Health Fellowship.
First particles circulate in SuperKEKB accelerator
The SuperKEKB particle accelerator at the KEK research center in Japan has recently reached a major milestone: electrons and positrons have been circulated for the first time around the rings.
Chemical tracers reveal oxygen-dependent switch in cellular pathway to fat
Using tracer compounds, scientists have been able to track the cellular production of NADPH, a key coenzyme for making fat, through a pathway that has never been measured directly before.
Stop the growth: U-M researchers take aim at cancer metastasis
Most cancer drugs today work by attacking tumor growth. Researchers at the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute, however, are taking aim at a different piece of the cancer puzzle -- preventing its ability to spread to new parts of the body, known as metastasis, which is the cause of most cancer deaths.
Herbert A. Fleisch ESCEO-IOF Medal 2016 awarded to Professor René Rizzoli
Professor René Rizzoli, Emeritus Professor of Medicine at University Hospitals of Geneva has been awarded the prestigious Herbert A.
Shorter times to blood transfusion associated with decreased death risk in trauma patients
Patients who get blood quickly after severe injuries are less likely to die, according to researchers from the University of Cincinnati Department of Emergency Medicine.
Family dynamics cause major stress for Latino immigrant families
Threats to familismo -- deeply held cultural beliefs about the centrality of family in daily life -- are often a major source of stress for immigrants and can have a negative impact on their overall health and well-being as they move forward in a new country.
Improved brain mapping tool 20 times more powerful than previous version
Salk team's improved rabies virus technology maps neurons across large swaths of nervous system.
Penn researcher to lead $2.5 million PCORI project to examine dietary interventions for Crohn's
A national research study to focus on diet as a tool for managing Crohn's disease symptoms, led by James Lewis, M.D., M.S.C.E., a professor of Medicine and Epidemiology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, on behalf of the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA), has been approved to receive a $2.5 million funding award by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI).
PharmaMar will be present at AACR Congress with novelties in its compounds
PharmaMar will present the latest data obtained on its compounds of marine origin, lurbinectedin, plitidepsin and PM184 at the Annual Congress of the American Association of Cancer Research, that will be held in New Orleans April 16-20.
Europa's heaving ice might make more heat than scientists thought
A new set of experiments sheds light on how much heat is created when ice is deformed, which could help scientists understand the possibility of a subsurface ocean on one of Jupiter's moons.
Global, community leaders launch 'Mental Health Now' (mhNOW) partnership to tackle fast growing need
The Mental Health Now initiative launches at the inaugural Financing and Innovation in Global Health conference, Washington, D.C.
Low-grade brain tumors: Radiation plus chemotherapy is best treatment, trial suggests
New clinical-trial findings show that patients with a low-grade form of brain cancer who are treated with radiation plus a combination of chemotherapy drugs have better survival than patients treated with radiation alone.
BEPCII luminosity sets world record as 1×10^33/cm^2/s
At 22:29 pm, April 5, the luminosity of the Beijing Electron Positron Collider (BEPCII) reached 1×1033cm-2s-1, a new landmark in the performance of the BEPCII -- 100 times better than before it was upgraded.
Pitt to host participants from 12 countries at 'Bamboo in the Urban Environment' symposium
The University of Pittsburgh-hosted conference 'Bamboo in the Urban Environment' will bring together some of the world's leading experts in bamboo and sustainable design at Pitt's Swanson School of Engineering May 4-6, 2016.
ERC Advanced Grants: €647 million from the EU to 277 senior research leaders
The European Research Council has announced today the awarding of its prestigious Advanced Grants to 277 senior researchers.
Radical route for the synthesis of chiral molecules
The research group of Prof. Paolo Melchiorre at ICIQ has developed a new methodology for the selective formation of chiral molecules.
Identifies investment opportunity across extractive industry's cycle
Given the design component it involves, financial engineering should be considered equal to conventional engineering.
Unchecked mitochondrial DNA mutations could be a problem for stem cell therapies
Mutations accumulate in human mitochondrial DNA with age, reports a study published April 14 in Cell Stem Cell.
For women, waiting to have children until after 30 minimizes career income losses
Working women who want to minimize career income losses related to motherhood should wait until they are about 30 years old to have their first children, suggests new research from Washington University in St.
Penn study uncovers genetic variation that predicted type and rate of physical decline in patients with Parkinson's disease
Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and other institutions have uncovered a site of genetic variation that identified which patients with Parkinson's disease are more likely to have tremors versus difficulty with balance and walking.
One of world's leading scientists, Dr. Matthew L. Meyerson, to receive Han-Mo Koo Memorial Award
In recognition of his immeasurable contributions to the understanding of cancer genomics and targeted therapies, Van Andel Research Institute will present renowned scientist Matthew L.
MDI Biological Laboratory scientist identifies mechanism underlying peripheral neuropathy
Recent research by Sandra Rieger, Ph.D., of the MDI Biological Laboratory identifying the underlying mechanisms of peripheral neuropathy, or nerve damage, has raised the prospect that drug therapies can be developed for the treatment of this condition, which causes pain, numbness and/or tingling in the hands and feet.
New study illuminates key aspects of how we fall asleep and wake up
Falling asleep and waking up are key transitions in everyone's day.
High levels of mental illness reported by victims of human trafficking in the UK
New research reveals the severe mental health problems experienced by men and women trafficked to the UK for sexual exploitation, domestic servitude and forced labor, including high levels of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Treating patients for hepatitis C could reduce the need for liver transplants
A new study presented today demonstrates that patients on the liver transplant list with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and severe liver damage were more likely to be taken off the list or have their need of a liver transplant reduced as a result of direct-acting antiviral therapy.
Severe reduction in thermal tolerance projected for Great Barrier Reef
Corals within the Great Barrier Reef have developed a thermal tolerance mechanism to adapt to sharp increases in sea surface temperatures in recent decades, but near-future temperature increases of as little as 0.5°C may result in this protective mechanism being lost, a new study finds.
Unveiling the withering process
Plants constantly renew themselves. Damaged or dead organs are also cast off by a process known as abscission.
Once-a-day epilepsy drug may prevent seizures as well as twice-a-day drug
A new study suggests that an epilepsy drug that can be taken once a day may control seizures as well as a drug that must be taken twice a day, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 68th Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada, April 15 to 21, 2016.
20-year survival expected for 4 out of 5 children who receive liver transplants
A new study presented today shows that 20-year survival after childhood liver transplantation can be expected for almost 80 percent of patients.
Hidden genetic mutations in stem cells could undermine therapeutic benefit
For the first time, scientists have confirmed the long-standing hypothesis that as people age, they accumulate gene mutations in their mitochondria -- cells' energy source.
Mice with genetic defect for human stuttering offer new insight into speech disorder
Mice that vocalize in a repetitive, halting pattern similar to human stuttering may provide insight into a condition that has perplexed scientists for centuries, according to a new study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
High rate of early cancer recurrence following direct-acting antiviral treatment for hep C virus
A new study fast-tracked for publication today in the Journal of Hepatology has shown that patients with a prior history of hepatocellular carcinoma and who have been treated with direct-acting antivirals for Hepatitis C infection have a higher than expected early recurrence rate of their liver cancer than previously thought -- with the rate in some subgroups exceeding 40 percent.
New hope for malaria treatment as drug resistance found unable to spread for the first time
Resistance to a key anti-malarial drug cannot be passed on by mosquitoes in a breakthrough scientists believe could drastically improve the way we battle the disease.
People in Miyagi coastal areas continue to show higher levels of depressive tendencies
ToMMo's studies show that depressive symptoms continue to be higher in coastal areas than inland areas of Miyagi, following the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami.
Cancer cells turn healthy cells to the 'dark side'
Cancer cells use a mutant gene to coerce neighboring healthy tissue into helping with the disease's growth and spread, a major new study reports.
Psoriasis severity linked to rising risk of abdominal aortic aneurysms
Psoriasis sufferers may have an increased risk for abdominal aortic aneurysms.
New antibiotic stewardship guidelines focus on practical advice for implementation
Preauthorization of broad-spectrum antibiotics and prospective review after two or three days of treatment should form the cornerstone of antibiotic stewardship programs to ensure the right drug is prescribed at the right time for the right diagnosis.
New TSRI project helps researchers build a biomedical knowledgebase
Over the past 10 years, the volume and rate of biomedical research has increased dramatically, leading to a rapid growth in biomedical knowledge.
Study demonstrates the potential for a new triple combination treatment for hepatitis C patients
A new combination treatment for hepatitis C has potential for patients who were not cured by current treatment options.
Trachomatous trichiasis surgery improves quality of life regardless of vision outcomes
Trachomatous trichiasis (TT, inturning of the eyelashes to touch the eye following longterm infection with Chlamydia trachomatis) affects over seven million people world-wide.
Better patient outcome linked to get with the guidelines-stroke
Stroke patients at hospitals participating in the AHA/ASA's nationwide quality-improvement program Get With The Guidelines-Stroke were more likely to be discharged home and less likely to die after discharge than patients in non-participating hospitals.
Newly identified cell explosions involved in bacterial secretion and adherence
A multinational research team led by the University of Technology Sydney, University of Tsukuba, and University of Zurich discovered an explosive cell lysis mechanism of bacteria controlled by a phage-related enzyme that releases cell-derived public goods and is activated by stress.
Osimertinib given as first-line treatment may alter biology of EGFR mutated NSCLC
The third generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) osimertinib is effective in the first-line treatment of EGFR mutated non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a late-breaking abstract presented at the European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC) 2016 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Vladimir is thrilled by the Sungarian man
Archaeologists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University studied the objects made of bone, antler and ivory, that were found at the Sungir archaeological site.
How parasitic worms help minimize inflammatory bowel disease
Intestinal worms beneficially influence the composition of gut microbiota in the presence of inflammatory bowel disease, a new study suggests.
Science.gov's new interagency microsites for STEM education & training opportunities
Two new federal interagency websites designed to connect undergraduate and graduate students with education and training opportunities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields have been launched on Science.gov, the portal to US government science information.
RERE gene mutations result in features similar to 1p36 deletion syndrome
One in 5,000 babies is born missing a small amount of genetic material from the tip of chromosome 1, a region called 1p36.
Lower-carb diet slows growth of aggressive brain tumor in mouse models
University of Florida Health researchers have slowed a notoriously aggressive type of brain tumor in mouse models by using a low-carbohydrate diet.
Coding and computers help spot methane, explosives
A modern twist on classic mass spectrometers could soon help detect rogue methane leaks, hidden explosives and much more.
'Risk' genes heighten the chances of heavy drinkers developing alcoholic hepatitis
New research presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2016 in Barcelona, Spain has uncovered a genetic link that explains why certain people with alcohol dependence are more susceptible to developing severe alcoholic hepatitis.
Dino dinner, dead or alive
New research suggests that many meat-eating dinosaurs would have been expert scavengers, relying on carrion to make up a significant portion of their calorific intake.
What viruses do to neuronal stem cells -- effects of congenital transmission
Congenital transmission (from mother to unborn child) of viruses can cause abnormal brain development in the fetus.
Ultra-long, one-dimensional carbon chains are synthesised for the first time
In a study, in which researchers in the UPV/EHU's Nano-Bio Spectroscopy Group led by Ángel Rubio have participated, a new route has been developed to produce carbyne (infinitely long carbon chains whose mechanical properties surpass those of diamond and graphene) by using double-walled carbon nanotubes to protect the carbon chain due to its extreme instability in ambient conditions.
Memory may aid emotion regulation, particularly in older adults
In a study exploring the relationship between memory for specific past experiences and recovery from strong negative emotions, University of Massachusetts Amherst research psychologists report that episodic memory may be more important in helping midlife and older adults recover from a negative event than it is for younger adults.
John A. Kanis awarded ESCEO Medal of Excellence
Professor John A Kanis, Emeritus Professor in Human Metabolism, was announced the winner of the ESCEO Medal of Excellence at the opening ceremony of the World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis & Musculoskeletal Diseases.
A 'pause button' for cells
Optogenetic system inhibits intracellular membrane vesicle trafficking.
Probing the transforming world of neutrinos
These are the first results from the NOvA experiment, which aims to study neutrino oscillations.
OU professor recipient of national award in applied and environmental microbiology
University of Oklahoma Professor Joseph M. Suflita will receive a national award, the 2016 DuPont Industrial Biosciences Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, at the American Society for Microbiology annual meeting in Boston in mid-June.
Neratinib plus paclitaxel vs. trastuzumab plus paclitaxel in breast cancer
While neratinib plus paclitaxel was not superior to trastuzumab plus paclitaxel as first-line treatment for ERBB2-positive metastatic breast cancer in terms of progression-free survival, the combination was associated with delayed onset and reduced frequency of central nervous system metastases, a finding that requires a larger study to confirm, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.
SMFM releases statement on ultrasound screening for fetal microcephaly
The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine released a statement on the use of ultrasound screening for fetal microcephaly following Zika virus exposure.
Visualizing and predicting evolution by mapping the elusive 'fitness landscape'
Suppose you were trying to design a vaccine to combat next season's influenza virus.
Scientists develop recipe for testosterone-producing cells
Researchers led by teams at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Wenzhou Medical University of China have discovered a way to keep adult stem cells that are destined to become testosterone-producing cells multiplying and on track to fulfill their fate, a new study reports.
Implantable device targets pancreatic cancer
Researchers from MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital have now developed a small, implantable device that delivers chemotherapy drugs directly to pancreatic tumors.
Biggest library of bat sounds compiled
The biggest library of bat sounds has been compiled to identify bats from their calls in Mexico -- a country which harbors many of the Earth's species and has one of the highest rates of extinction and habitat loss.
Current knowledge: New research ship is ready for duty
Amid booming fireworks, steely skies and blustery winds -- and the joyful cheers from a large crowd of well-wishers -- the brand-new research vessel Neil Armstrong recently arrived at its new home at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts.
Supernova iron found on the moon
Approximately two million years ago a star exploded in a supernova close to our solar system: Its traces can still be found today in the form of an iron isotope found on the ocean floor.
Global congress on bone, muscle and joint diseases opens in Malaga, Spain
The World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis & Musculoskeletal Diseases (WCO-IOF-ESCEO 2016) will open today in Malaga, Spain with more than 3500 delegates from 60 countries.
Few consumers penalize companies after data breach, study finds
Notices of personal data breaches have become an alarmingly common occurrence for American consumers.
Study unveils novel crosstalk mechanism between mitochondrial translation and cytoplasmic translation
By using a systemic mtEF4 gene knockout mouse model, researchers from the Institute of Biophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences found that mtEF4 knockout damages the oxidative phosphorylation function in germ cells of male mice, thus causing male sterility.
Plants force fungal partners to behave fairly
Plants react intelligently to their environment: If they can choose between more cooperative and less cooperative fungal partners, they supply the latter with fewer nutrients and thus force them to cooperate more.
Research aims to enhance understanding of poverty alleviation in refugee communities
The extent to which entrepreneurship is a catalyst for empowerment and poverty alleviation among women refugees in Arab countries is to be explored in new research led by Plymouth University in collaboration with the University of Nottingham.
Water recovered from whey can be used for clean-in-place procedures
Given the amount of water needed and concerns regarding resource scarcity, researchers from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln sought to find a method to recycle and reuse water from whey for clean-in-place systems.
Nanotubes assemble! Rice introduces 'Teslaphoresis'
Rice University researchers use a modified Tesla coil to assemble nanoparticles into a wire from a distance.
A new system for color vision
The swirling skies of Vincent Van Gogh's Starry Night illustrate a mystery that has eluded biologists for more than a century -- why do we perceive the color blue in the dimly lit night sky?
Nanoscrolls created from graphene's imperfect cousin
Seeking an alternative, a team from MIT and Harvard University is looking to graphene oxide -- graphene's much cheaper, imperfect form.
Study links environment/parenting to childhood self-control
University of Texas at Arlington researchers have found that by age 3 environmental influences such as parenting are relevant factors in the development of toddlers' self-control when they are asked not to do something they want to do, such as run into the street or eat a forbidden snack.
New research: Obese people can maintain stable weight loss
Maintaining a stable weight loss is the biggest struggle for obese individuals, yet new research from University of Copenhagen have allowed researchers new insights into the complex processes involved in obesity and especially weight loss in obesity.
'Unmet nursing care' may contribute to racial disparities in rehospitalizations after heart attack
Why are black older adults at higher risk of repeat hospital admission after a heart attack?
Greek dancing improves jumping ability of elderly heart failure patients
Greek dancing improves the jumping ability of elderly patients with heart failure, according to research published today in the European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing.
Surface mutation lets canine parvovirus jump to other species
A key mutation in the protein shell of canine parvovirus -- a single amino acid substitution -- plays a major role in the virus' ability to infect hosts of different species.
SPECT-MRI fusion minimizes surgery for diagnosis of early-stage cervical cancer patients
A recent study reported in the April issue of 'The Journal of Nuclear Medicine' found that cervical cancer patients without enlarged lymph nodes could benefit from SPECT-MRI imaging of their sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) to assess whether metastases are present.
Dwarf dark galaxy hidden in ALMA gravitational lens image
Subtle distortions hidden in ALMA's stunning image of the gravitational lens SDP.81 are telltale signs that a dwarf dark galaxy is lurking in the halo of a much larger galaxy nearly 4 billion light-years away.
FEMA study to test exercise regimen in preventing back injury in firefighters
The University of South Florida and Tampa Fire Rescue have launched a randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of a worksite exercise regimen targeted to reduce the risk of low back injury and disability in firefighters -- a physically demanding occupation particularly prone to back problems that can lead to chronic pain and early retirement.
Genomic makeup of colorectal cancers predicts immune system ability to fight tumors
Colorectal cancers heavily bedecked with tumor-related proteins called neoantigens are likely to be permeated with disease-fighting white blood cells, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard report in a new study.
Potential cholesterol-lowering drug molecule has prostate cancer fighting capabilities
Standard treatment for prostate cancer can include chemotherapy that targets receptors on cancer cells.
Incidence of diagnosed thyroid cancer may be leveling off
In a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Luc G.
Hastings to address profound questions about human gene editing
The Hastings Center has launched an international project that focuses on the social and ethical implications of using powerful gene editing methods on human germline cells (embryos, sperm, and eggs).
Study identifies memory suppressor gene, may hold key to new Alzheimer's treatments
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have identified a unique memory suppressor gene in the brain cells of Drosophila, the common fruit fly, a widely recognized substitute for human memory studies.
NERC partners with M&S on sustainability
The Natural Environment Research Council is joining forces with major retailer M&S to help shape the future of sustainable food production in the UK and abroad.
Troublesome T cells have a healing side
Immune system cells linked to allergies also turn out to direct healing of mouse muscle wounds when paired with biologic 'scaffolding' to support them, researchers from Johns Hopkins and the Kennedy Krieger Institute report.
Obesity and male infertility: A global health problem
Infertility is a silent problem that obese men have to face.
Study estimates number of births and terminations with Down syndrome in Massachusetts
A multi-institutional research team has estimated for the first time the number of children born with Down syndrome each year in Massachusetts over the past century, along with the numbers of pregnancies of a child with Down syndrome lost to either termination or miscarriage.
Pitt-led international panel reclassifies thyroid tumor to curb overdiagnosis of cancer
Led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, an international panel of pathologists and clinicians have reclassified a type of thyroid cancer to reflect that it is non-invasive and has a low risk of recurrence.
Cures vs. Profits: Successes in Translational Research
A thorough examination of the tensions that exist between society's desire for effective and safe medicines and profit pressures, with examples of both bona fide successes and abuses of the public trust across a broad swatch of biomedicine.
Tuberculosis elimination at stake
New data released by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and WHO/Europe show that an estimated 340,000 Europeans developed tuberculosis in 2014, corresponding to a rate of 37 cases per 100,000 population.
Enzyme in myelination process could lead to better understanding of neurological disorders
The removal of the enzyme Dnmt1 during oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) differentiation in the central nervous system resulted in inefficient myelin formation and neurological deterioration, including loss of control of bodily movements, in mice.
RDA's call for session submissions for its 8th plenary now open
RDA is pleased to announce it has opened its Call for Session Submissions for its 8th Plenary Meeting, to be held in Denver, Colorado from Sept.
The city of angels and flies: 12 unknown scuttle fly species have been flying around L.A.
Although the second-largest and rather concrete metropolis in the United States might not be anywhere near one's immediate association for a biodiversity hotspot, the fly fauna of Los Angeles is quite impressive.
Forest discovery: Trees trade carbon among each other
Forest trees use carbon not only for themselves; they also trade large quantities of it with their neighbors.
Juvenile offenders probably more criminal to begin with
It's a long-simmering debate in juvenile justice: Do young offenders become worse because of their experience with the justice system, or are they somehow different than people who don't have their first criminal conviction until later in life?
A cellular sensor of phosphate levels
Inorganic phosphate is an essential building block of cell membranes, DNA and proteins.
Scientists crack secrets of the monarch butterfly's internal compass
Researchers have cracked the secret of the internal, genetically encoded compass that millions of monarch butterflies use to determine the direction -- southwest -- they should fly each fall to reach central Mexico.
How can lay health advisor programs be designed for maximum impact?
Lay health advisors who share similar backgrounds and values with the medically underserved groups they interact with have been shown to reduce health disparities.
Modeling a monarch butterfly's personal compass
In the fall, eastern North American monarch butterflies take the biggest trip of their lives to their wintering grounds in Mexico.
Great Barrier Reef risks losing tolerance to bleaching events
New research suggests that Great Barrier Reef (GBR) corals were able to survive past bleaching events because they were exposed to a pattern of gradually warming waters in the lead up to each episode.
The Red Queen rules
What does the Red Queen in 'Alice in Wonderland' have to do with biology?
Miriam Hospital awarded $743,000 NIMH grant to create online sex ed resources to curb HIV in men
The National Institute of Mental Health has awarded The Miriam Hospital a five-year grant totaling $743,869 to study media influences on risk behaviors among young men who have sex with men and develop an online health media literacy intervention to help reduce HIV and sexually transmitted diseases among this population.
Bioethicists will explore the issues and lessons of the Zika crisis
With funding from the Wellcome Trust, an interdisciplinary team of scholars will focus on issues of ethics and research in pregnancy and women of reproductive age, beginning with the current Zika context and later expanding to general public health research.
New principle for brain-controlled hormone secretion
The concentration of the hormone prolactin in the blood is controlled by dopamine.
New triple drug combination shows promise in hepatitis C infected patients
New data presented today at The International Liver Congress™ 2016 in Barcelona, Spain, demonstrates a high sustained virologic response (SVR) at 12 weeks from the all-oral combination of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir and experimental compound GS-9857 in patients with the hepatitis C virus (HCV).
RIT/NTID holds Student Research Fair April 15
Nearly 30 deaf and hard-of-hearing student researchers will present their work on April 15 at the first-ever NTID Student Research Fair, hosted by the National Technical Institute for the Deaf at Rochester Institute of Technology.
Teen BMI predicts risk of cardiovascular death in adulthood
Researchers analyzing health data from 2.3 million Israeli teens over 40 years found a graded increase in cardiovascular death risk in the group considered within the 'accepted normal' range of BMI.
Combine analytical thinking and intuition, says scientist
A new book titled 'Connecting Analytical Thinking and Intuition' urges scientists to become better at combining analytical thinking and intuition.
Surveillance camera to identify criminals in street crowd online
An algorithm for surveillance cameras to automatically detect faces in the video stream has been developed at Tomsk Polytechnic University.
More exposure to vegetation linked with lower mortality rates in women
Women in the US who live in homes surrounded by more vegetation appear to have significantly lower mortality rates than those who live in areas with less vegetation, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.
Study raises questions about the risks of treating patients with late stage hep C virus
New data presented today raise the question of whether patients with severe hepatitis C virus (HCV) should be treated with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), given their high risk of short-term death at this late-disease stage.
The cozier the better for bubbles inside powerful volcanoes
New research from the Georgia Institute of Technology and Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zurich (ETH) suggests they occurred due in part to how light vapor bubbles migrate and accumulate in some parts of shallow volcanic chambers.
NASA's satellites see Fantala intensifying as it moves west
Three different NASA satellites caught images of the storm as it rapidly intensifies and moves west.
San Francisco's homeless youth at 10 times higher risk of death
A study of 218 youths 15-24 who had been homeless on the streets of San Francisco for at least two nights within a six-month period were found to have a mortality rate after six years 10 times higher than for a matched group of young people in the general population.
A simple and efficient 3-D fabrication technique for bio-inspired hierarchical structures
A team of researchers from Changchun University of Science and Technology, China, have developed a novel method for the rapid and maskless fabrication of bio-inspired hierarchical structures, using a technique called laser interference lithography.
Antibiotics may have lasting impact on the immune system of children
Scientists want to know whether taking antibiotics early in life can disrupt your immune system function lifelong.
Heavy cannabis use associated with reduced dopamine release in brain
In a recent study, researchers found evidence of a compromised dopamine system in heavy users of marijuana.
Professor from Saarland University receives prestigious French research award
Joachim Weickert, professor of mathematics and computer science at Saarland University, is to receive the Jean Kuntzmann Prize 2016.
The brain of male batterers functions differently than that of other delinquents
Researchers from the Mind, Brain, and Behavior Center of the University of Granada have analyzed the brain of aggressors against intimate partners through functional magnetic resonance imaging, making it one of only three studies in the world to study this topic.
Is risk-taking behavior contagious?
Why do we sometimes decide to take risks and other times choose to play it safe?
UTSA professor helping preserve, restore Hemingway's famed Cuban home
William Dupont, San Antonio Conservation Society Endowed Professor of Architecture at The University of Texas at San Antonio, is part of a top-tier team of preservationists working on a historic restoration project in Cuba.
Researchers hunt for the causes and basis of wheat sensitivities
Up to five percent of all people who eat wheat products suffer from wheat sensitivities.
Combination therapy may offer better outcomes for patients with retinoblastoma
Researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) have demonstrated that targeting survivin -- a protein that inhibits apoptosis or cell death -- enhances the effectiveness of chemotherapy in cells and mouse models of retinoblastoma (Rb), the most common malignant tumor of the eye in children.
Antimalarial resistance to drug not passed on to future generations
Parasites that develop resistance to the antimalarial drug atovaquone cannot pass this resistance on to offspring, a new study suggests, because their lifecycles are often disrupted by the drug's mechanism.
Yeast study charts survival impact of genetic mutations
Scientists at the University of Edinburgh have mapped how thousands of genetic mutations can affect a cell's chances of survival.
'Trickle of food' helped deep sea creatures survive asteroid strike that wiped out the dinosaurs
A team led by experts at Cardiff University has provided new evidence to explain why deep sea creatures were able to survive the catastrophic asteroid strike that wiped out the dinosaurs 65m years ago.
Americans live longer but with disabilities or health issues, study shows
Americans are living longer but in poorer health, according to a new study.
Neonatal circumcision does not reduce penile sensitivity in men
Few data are available concerning the consequences of neonatal circumcision on penile sensitivity in adults.
Using methane rather than flaring it
Chemists at ETH Zurich and the Paul Scherrer Institute have found a new, direct way to convert gaseous methane into liquid methanol.
JCU scientists develop the first 'pharmalogical' tourniquet
Internal blood loss is a major cause of death following traumatic injury.
Newly approved all-oral hep C combination drug found more effective in head-to-head comparison
Findings presented today from a Phase 3 head-to-head study that compared two direct-acting antiviral treatment regimens, demonstrated that the all-oral, once daily combination of elbasvir and grazoprevir was more effective and safer than the combination of sofosbuvir and pegylated interferon with ribavirin, in certain patients with hepatitis C.
Protective mastectomies that preserve nipple safe for women at high breast cancer risk
Protective mastectomies that preserve the nipple and surrounding skin prevent breast cancer as effectively as more invasive surgeries for women with a genetic mutation called BRCA that raises their risk of developing breast cancer, a multi-institution study led by Mayo Clinic found.
Strathclyde-led project to open up space technology to new nations
Space technology opportunities are to be opened up to emerging nations in a project between the UK and Mexico, led at the University of Strathclyde.
Don't count on strangers in medical emergencies, especially if you're African-American
In the first study of its kind, Cornell sociologists have found that people who have a medical emergency in a public place can't necessarily rely on the kindness of strangers.
Can group meditation prevent violent crime? Surprisingly, the data suggests yes: New study
A new study, in a series spanning decades, suggests again that a sufficiently large group practicing an advanced program of Transcendental Meditation, the TM-Sidhi program, is associated with decreased violence in the whole society.
Mouse pups with human mutation show signs of stuttering
You might not expect mice to tell us much about human speech disorders.
Electrical brain stimulation enhances creativity, researchers say
Safe levels of electrical stimulation can enhance your capacity to think more creatively, according to a new study by Georgetown researchers.
Commonly used reflux and ulcer medication may cause serious kidney damage
Patients who took proton pump inhibitors for heartburn, acid reflux, or ulcers had an increased risk of kidney function decline, chronic kidney disease, and kidney failure.
Drinking water: Carbon pricing revenues could close infrastructure gaps
More than 700 million people have no running water. A study released today shows that a tax on carbon dioxide could help remedy this situation while contributing considerably to climate protection.
Schoolchildren were asked to brainstorm solutions from the perspective of the circular ec
It is believed that the circular economy will radically transform the entire business sector in the next few years.
Blood pressure difference linked to heart disease risk
The University of Exeter Medical School has led an analysis of more than 3,000 people in Scotland who each had blood pressure measurements taken from both arms, published today in the British Journal of General Practice.
How the brain consolidates memory during deep sleep
How long-term memory is formed is not well understood, and remains a central question of inquiry in neuroscience.
Measuring drought impact in more than dollars and cents
Two Vanderbilt University doctoral students has assembled a multi-disciplinary team of graduate students from around the country to conduct a multi-faceted study of how people are affected by and responding to drought conditions in the United States.
Study argues 'winner-winner' behavior may shape animal hierarchies
Researchers have developed a behavioral model that explains the complexity and diversity of social hierarchies in ants, and which scientists believe may help us understand the nature of other animal societies -- from primates to dolphins.
Reduced brain connectivity in frontal cortex linked to propofol-induced loss of consciousness
A new study shows that loss of responsiveness induced by propofol, a commonly used anesthetic, is associated with greatly diminished brain connectivity in the frontal cortex and significant changes in resting state brain networks.
California mental health stigma-reduction campaign creates economic benefits
Does reducing stigma and discrimination associated with mental illness provide economic dividends for a region?
Discovery of asprosin, a new hormone, could have potential implications in the treatment
What started as a search for answers for patients suffering from a rare genetic condition called neonatal progeroid syndrome (NPS) that keeps the body from accumulating fat, among other symptoms, has now turned into a discovery that could potentially impact the lives of millions of people living with type 2 diabetes.
Study reveals substantial reductions in years lived without disability and overall life expectancy for men and women with diabetes
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that men and women with diabetes (both types) face not only reduced overall life expectancy, but also higher numbers of years living with disability compared to those people without diabetes.
Scoring system can predict risk of mortality in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Researchers today demonstrated that a scoring system can predict a person's risk of death from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the world's most prevalent liver disease.
The secret language of microbes
Social microbes often interact with each other preferentially, favoring those that share certain genes in common.
Hep C infected livers offer similar outcomes to healthy livers in those waiting for liver transplant
People with hepatitis C waiting for a liver transplant could receive livers infected with hepatitis C virus or healthy livers and have similar outcomes
'Margin trading should be regulated like gambling,' says University of Leicester research
Researchers in the Department of Economics at the University of Leicester have analyzed the behavior of margin traders and have concluded that, like gambling, those doing it find it enjoyable even though, on average, they lose money.
High-volume lung transplant centers have lower costs and readmissions
High-volume lung transplant centers have lower transplantation costs and their patients are less likely to be readmitted within 30 days of leaving the hospital following surgery, according to a new study of more than 3,000 Medicare patients who received lung transplants.
Antihistamines affect exercise recovery, may or may not be a problem
After vigorous exercise, some 3,000 genes go to work to aid recovery by boosting muscles and blood vessels, but in the presence of high doses of antihistamines almost 27 percent of the gene response is blunted, according to University of Oregon researchers.
Wayne State receives $2.5 million NIH grant to shape next generation of antibiotics
Researchers at Wayne State University recently received a $2.5 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health for a study that aims to shape the next generation of antibiotics for the treatment of multidrug-resistant diseases.

Best Science Podcasts 2019

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2019. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Rethinking Anger
Anger is universal and complex: it can be quiet, festering, justified, vengeful, and destructive. This hour, TED speakers explore the many sides of anger, why we need it, and who's allowed to feel it. Guests include psychologists Ryan Martin and Russell Kolts, writer Soraya Chemaly, former talk radio host Lisa Fritsch, and business professor Dan Moshavi.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#538 Nobels and Astrophysics
This week we start with this year's physics Nobel Prize awarded to Jim Peebles, Michel Mayor, and Didier Queloz and finish with a discussion of the Nobel Prizes as a way to award and highlight important science. Are they still relevant? When science breakthroughs are built on the backs of hundreds -- and sometimes thousands -- of people's hard work, how do you pick just three to highlight? Join host Rachelle Saunders and astrophysicist, author, and science communicator Ethan Siegel for their chat about astrophysics and Nobel Prizes.