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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | April 18, 2016


Most US adults say today's children have worse health than in past generations
More than half of adults believe children today are more stressed, experience less quality family time and have worse mental and emotional health than children in past generations.
NASA selects USU engineering team for small rocket motor research
Aerospace engineering researchers at Utah State University will receive funding from NASA to flight test a next-generation small rocket motor.
Newly discovered vulnerability in breast tumor cells points to new cancer treatment path
Cancer cells often devise ways to survive even in the presence of toxic chemotherapy.
Vegetables irrigated with treated wastewater expose consumers to drugs
A new study by a multidisciplinary team of researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Hadassah Medical Center shows that eating vegetables and fruits grown in soils irrigated with reclaimed wastewater exposes consumers to minute quantities of carbamazepine, an anti-epileptic drug commonly detected in wastewater effluents.
NIH study: Healthy diet may reduce high blood pressure risk after gestational diabetes
Sticking to a healthy diet in the years after pregnancy may reduce the risk of high blood pressure among women who had pregnancy-related (gestational) diabetes, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions.
Penn and Rutgers researchers discover new pathway that may trigger asthma
Asthma is an enormous public health problem that continues to grow larger, in part because scientists don't fully understand how it is caused.
Bees are born with the ability to collect pollen by buzzing -- but practice makes perfect
University of Stirling scientists have discovered that wild bumblebees are born with the ability to remove pollen from nectarless flowers using high-frequency vibrations.
New nanodevice shifts light's color at single-photon level
Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication.
Difficult relations between religion, philosophy, and science
'Religion as a Philosophical Matter' published by De Gruyter Open and available fully in open access offers new perspectives for a philosophy of religion that aims beyond the internal questions of rationality within a theological tradition.
RNA in stop-motion
Using an original technique based on experimental data, SISSA scientists have created short animations predicting the transition of RNA strands from one conformation to another.
Stand Up To Cancer supports Innovative Research Grants for 10 early-career scientists
At the 2016 Annual Meeting of AACR, SU2C awarded ten $750,000 grants to early-career investigators to support innovative, high-risk, high-reward projects.
Smartphone users are redefining privacy in public spaces
A Tel Aviv University study argues that a combination of public smartphone use and technological surveillance has led to diminished personal privacy.
Mechanics of the cell
Living cells must alter their external form actively, otherwise functions like cell division would not be possible.
Monitoring sugar metabolism in liver may be a key to cancer diagnosis
Scientists may have discovered a significant new diagnostic marker for liver cancer, according to a paper published in the April 18 online issue of Nature Cell Biology.
Dinosaurs 'already in decline' before asteroid apocalypse
Dinosaurs were already in an evolutionary decline tens of millions of years before the meteorite impact that finally finished them off, new research has found.
Tuberculosis bacteria build 'edible' havens in immune cells
Bacteria that cause tuberculosis trick immune cells meant to destroy them into hiding and feeding them instead.
Scientists discover C4 photosynthesis boosts growth by altering size and structure of plant leaves and roots
Plants using C4 photosynthesis grow 20-100 percent quicker than more common C3 plants by altering the shape, size and structure of their leaves and roots, according to a new study.
Compound from hops lowers cholesterol, blood sugar and weight gain
A recent study has identified specific intake levels of xanthohumol, a natural flavonoid found in hops, that significantly improved some of the underlying markers of metabolic syndrome in laboratory animals and also reduced weight gain.
Great willow herb as an antitode in therapies against multi-drug resistant bacteria
Romanian scientists show that combining some of the commonly used antibiotics with great willowherb extracts, rich in different classes of phytochemicals, e.g. phenolic acids and flavonoids, may be beneficial in treating bacterial and fungal infections.
Neonicotinoid seed treatments produce higher soybean yields in the Southern US
Scientists from Mississippi State University have found that treating soybean seeds with neonicotinoid pesticides (imidacloprid or thiamethoxam) provides higher yields in southern US states.
Investigating plasma levels as a biomarker for Alzheimer's disease
The first detailed study of relationship between plasma Aβ levels, cognitive function and the measures studying the size of brain, which shrinks with Alzheimer's disease.
Chips or cookies? Toddlers with sweet tooth more likely to experience weight gain
Toddlers who reached for cookies over chips when their bellies were full had a higher risk of body fat increases.
Metastasis-promoting circulating tumor cell clusters pass through capillary-sized vessels
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have found that circulating tumor cell clusters -- which are more efficient in spreading cancer throughout the body than are single CTCs -- can pass through capillary-sized blood vessels.
New study: Significant health impacts from extreme weather linked to climate change in South Pacific
As weather events turn more frequent and more extreme in the 21st century, a new study published today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene details the public health impacts after devastating flooding on a South Pacific island, and provides graphic evidence of the risk facing island populations and their health systems worldwide.
The latest in cardiovascular research in a special issue of Cell Transplantation
Papers to published in a special issue Cell Transplantation dedicated to cell transplantation for cardiovascular regenerative medicine report on data from a clinical trial using bone marrow cells to treat heart failure using a multi-cell therapy called Ixmyelocel; a natural peptide, Apelin-13, was used as a mediator for blood pressure, blood flow, and increasing endogenous repair of the heart; and delivering allogeneic umbilical cord lining sub-epithelial cells to treat patients with heart failure.
Researchers can identify you by your brain waves with 100 percent accuracy
A team of researchers at Binghamton University recorded the brain activity of 50 people wearing an electroencephalogram headset while they looked at a series of 500 images designed specifically to elicit unique responses from person to person -- e.g., a slice of pizza, a boat, Anne Hathaway, the word 'conundrum.' They found that participants' brains reacted differently to each image, enough that a computer system was able to identify each volunteer's 'brainprint' with 100 percent accuracy.
Discovery of enzyme in the sleeping sickness parasite streamlines drug development
Researchers from Umeå University in Sweden have discovered that the single-celled parasite causing African sleeping sickness has a defense mechanism against potential pharmaceuticals under development against the disease.
Brain scans link physical changes to cognitive risks of widely used class of drugs
Older adults might want to avoid a using class of drugs commonly used in over-the-counter products such as nighttime cold medicines due to their links to cognitive impairment, a research team led by scientists at Indiana University School of Medicine has recommended.
Medicaid expansion significantly boosts insurance coverage among low-income adults
Researchers find that states that expanded Medicaid coverage under the Affordable Care Act saw a significant increase in rates of health insurance among low-income adults compared with states that did not expand the program.
Presidential elections: Electoral College increases ad spending in typical election
The advertising landscape during presidential elections could look a whole lot different if each American were to vote for his or her own preferred candidate, instead of having to do so collectively through the current Electoral College system.
NTU scientists invent bubble technology which can shoot drugs deep into tumors
Scientists at Nanyang Technological University have invented a new bubble technology that can deliver cancer drugs deep into tumors.
Estrogen protects female mice from ischemic injury after kidney transplants
In this month's issue of the JCI, research led by Matthew Levine at the University of Pennsylvania linked female resilience to renal ischemia with protective effects of estrogen.
'Mobilization fatigue' leads to diminishing returns for labor-backed voter turnout drives
Repeated voter contact across multiple election cycles can eventually lead to 'mobilization fatigue,' says new research from U. of I. labor professor Ryan Lamare.
New technique could improve detection of concealed nuclear materials
Researchers have demonstrated proof of concept for a novel low-energy nuclear reaction imaging technique designed to detect the presence of 'special nuclear materials' -- weapons-grade uranium and plutonium -- in cargo containers arriving at US ports.
Study identifies specific work factors that predict sleep problems
A new study found that specific psychological and social work factors were associated with sleep problems both concurrently and two years after exposure, indicating prolonged consequences.
Do we judge distance based on how a word sounds?
Marketers and brand managers responsible for naming new products should be interested to learn that people associate certain sounds with nearness and others with distance, say researchers from the University of Toronto, whose new study adds to the body of knowledge about symbolic sound.
Technique could help identify patients who would suffer chemo-induced heart damage
Doxorubicin is a chemotherapy drug used to treat many cancers, but it causes serious heart damage in some patients.
Diabetes drug, metformin, lowers risk of heart disease deaths better than sulfonylureas
A new analysis of 204 studies involving more than 1.4 million people suggests that metformin, the most frequently prescribed stand-alone drug for type 2 diabetes, reduces the relative risk of a patient dying from heart disease by about 30 to 40 percent compared to its closest competitor drug, sulfonylurea.
New computer program can help uncover hidden genomic alterations that drive cancers
Cancer is rarely the result of a single mutation in a single gene.
Trees' internal water pipes predict which species survive drought
A team including Princeton University researchers has found that tree species that can withstand stress to the water-transport system that carries water from the roots to the crown are less susceptible to drought and massive die-off.
AAO-HNSF clinical data registry receives CMS qualification
The American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery and its Foundation are pleased to announce that its clinical data registry, Regent, has been approved as a Qualified Clinical Data Registry by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
Gun hunting could lead to extinction of threatened primates on African island
A study conducted by a team led by Drexel University scientists found that gun hunting on Bioko Island correlates significantly with lower numbers of the majority of the island's primate species.
Palliative care study exposes stigma, calls for rebranding
An ingrained stigma attached to the label 'palliative care' among cancer patients, families and healthcare providers impedes earlier access to supportive care that improves quality of life, shows new research from Princess Margaret Cancer Centre published today in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Precision prevention of colorectal cancer
In work presented Monday at the American Association for Cancer Research's annual meeting in New Orleans, researchers from Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, the University of Michigan and other research groups debuted their latest progress in precision prevention -- an in-the-works method to predict risk of colorectal cancer that integrates genetic, lifestyle and environmental risk factors.
USDA announces $4 million available to develop innovative pest management solutions
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced the availability of $4 million to support research and extension efforts to mitigate pest issues and increase crop protection practices for the agricultural community.
New HPV vaccine could curb cervical cancers and health costs if adopted widely
A Yale-led study finds that a new vaccine for human papillomavirus would significantly reduce both cervical cancer incidence and healthcare costs if states coordinated policies to improve coverage.
Copper gives an answer to the rise of oxygen
A new study presents evidence that the rise of atmospheric oxygenation did indeed occur 2.4-2.1 billion years ago.
Scientists identify biological pathway that could explain why asthma therapies fail
A discovery by scientists from Rutgers University and the University of Pennsylvania could lead to new treatments for many of the 25 million people in the US, including seven million children, who suffer from asthma.
NASA's Fermi telescope poised to pin down gravitational wave sources
NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has made a tantalizing discovery associated with the first-ever detection of gravitational waves.
New optogenetic tool moves proteins within cells to study biological changes
Using a new optogenetic technique, UNC School of Medicine scientists forced proteins out of the cell nucleus and into the cytoplasm, where they could no longer do their jobs.
Smoking and schizophrenia: Understanding and breaking the cycle of addiction
Smoking is a real problem for people with schizophrenia. A research team observed in schizophrenia smokers, when presented with appetitive cigarette images, greater neuronal activation of a specific region of the brain, the ventro-medial prefrontal cortex, a region involved in the brain reward system.
AACR: Results from clinical trial of personalized cellular therapy in brain tumors
Immune cells engineered to seek out and attack a type of deadly brain cancer known as glioblastoma were found to have an acceptable safety profile and successfully migrate to and infiltrate tumors, researchers from Penn Medicine and Harvard University reported at the AACR Annual Meeting 2016.
Chapman University research on media disclaimers' effects on body image
Researchers at Chapman University tested if adding disclaimers or 'subvertisements' to these images counteracts the negative effects of this media.
What screens are made of: New twists (and bends) in LCD research
A research team has directly measured a spiral molecular arrangement formed by liquid crystals that could help unravel its mysteries and possibly improve the performance of electronic displays.
Thanks, actin, for the memories
Rice University research suggests a complex dance between actin filaments and aggregating proteins is key to the molecular machinery that forms and stores long-term memories.
Healthy diet may reduce high blood pressure risk in pregnancy-related diabetes
A healthy diet may reduce the risk that women with pregnancy-related diabetes will develop high blood pressure later in life.
ACP issues urgent call to action to avert major threat to public health
Climate change will have devastating consequences for public and individual health unless aggressive, global action is taken now to curb greenhouse gas emissions, the American College of Physicians says in a new policy paper published today in Annals of Internal Medicine.
UAlberta & Little Warriors change the trajectory of child sexual abuse victims
The University of Alberta and Little Warriors have announced the highly anticipated preliminary results of the clinical trials performed at the Little Warriors Be Brave Ranch, confirming that the four-week intervention program significantly reduces the psychological impacts of child sexual abuse.
America's love affair with lips is leading to a boom in cosmetic procedures
A record number of patients underwent lip augmentation procedures in 2015, making them the second-fastest growing facial procedure in the United States since 2000.
Demand for radiotherapy will rise substantially over next 10 years
The demand for radiotherapy across all European countries will increase by an average of 16 percent between 2012 and 2025, with the highest expected increase being for prostate cancer cases (24 percent), according to a new study published in Radiotherapy and Oncology.
AAN updates guidelines: Botulinum toxin for spasticity, headache, other brain disorders
The American Academy of Neurology has updated its 2008 guidelines on the use of botulinum toxin for spasticity, cervical dystonia, blepharospasm and migraine headache, based on recent research.
Reasons for hospital-level variations in bleeding post-angioplasty are unclear
The use of bleeding avoidance strategies has only a modest effect on the variation in bleeding rates post-angioplasty among hospitals performing this procedure, leaving about 70 percent of the causes for this variation unexplained, according to a study published today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.
Brain caught 'filing' memories during rest
Memories formed in one part of the brain are replayed and transferred to a different area of the brain during rest, according to a new UCL study in rats.
Immune study offers treatment hope for arthritis patients
Arthritis and other inflammatory conditions could be helped by new insights into how the immune response is switched off.
Quantum computing closer as RMIT drives towards first quantum data bus
Researchers have trialled a quantum processor capable of routing quantum information from different locations in a critical breakthrough for quantum computing.
Post-wildfire erosion can be major sculptor of forested western mountains
New Mexico's Las Conchas fire provided researchers with an unexpected chance to conduct before-and-after studies of how wildfire affected short and long-term erosion rates.
To drive innovation and manage change, health systems call on design thinking
An Allina Health-lead study says the current health care system isn't sufficient to address growing rates of obesity and diabetes, health and economic disparities and cost control.
Researchers find method that could resurrect an abandoned pancreatic cancer targeted drug
Blocking one molecular pathway could make pancreatic cancer susceptible to formerly ineffective therapies.
Fewer romantic prospects may lead to riskier investments
Encountering information suggesting that it may be tough to find a romantic partner shifts people's decision making toward riskier options, according to new findings from a series of studies published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Dartmouth-led team devises new technique to probe 'noise' in quantum computing
Dartmouth College and Griffith University researchers have devised a new way to 'sense' and control external noise in quantum computing.
Study provides structural basis for development of new antibioticsacific
Duke researchers have discovered a molecular structure that could aid the design of broad-spectrum antibiotics targeting an enzyme essential to every known strain of bacteria.
New study finds shifted sleep-wake cycles affect women more than men
A new study from the Surrey Sleep Research Centre at the University of Surrey, published today in the journal PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) has found that shifted sleep-wake cycles affect men and women's brain function differently.
Exfoliating thinner flakes of phosphorene at higher yield
By deoxygenating water, Northwestern University professor Mark Hersam discovered a new way to exfoliate phosphorene into atomically thin flakes.
Magnetic vortices defy temperature fluctuations
Magnetic nanovortices in magnetite minerals are reliable witnesses of the Earth's history, as revealed by the first high-resolution studies of these structures undertaken by scientists from Germany and the United Kingdom.
Penn researchers find females more resistant to organ damage following kidney transplant
After a kidney transplant, women may experience decreased kidney damage from ischemia reperfusion injury compared to men due to the impact of gender-specific hormones, suggests a new preclinical study and an analysis of patient data published online in the Journal of Clinical Investigation from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.
AACR: Breast cancer stem cells radicalize normal neighbors for purpose of metastasis
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2016 shows that stem-like breast cancer cells secrete molecules that allow neighboring, otherwise anchored cells to metastasize.
All ants on deck
A team of scientists has found that a species of ant that clusters together to form rafts to survive floods exhibits memory and repeatedly occupies the same position during raft formation, according to a just published paper.
Researchers transmit data through animal tissues at HD video rates via ultrasound
Using animal tissue samples, researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated the possibility of real-time video-rate data transmission through tissue for in-body ultrasonic communications with implanted medical devices.
Shining light on brain tumors
When operating on cancer, surgeons want to remove tumors and not healthy tissue.
UCLA scientists reveal how osteopontin ablation ameliorates muscular dystrophy
Removing an immunomodulatory protein called osteopontin improves the symptoms of mice with muscular dystrophy by changing the type of macrophages acting on damaged muscle tissue, according to a paper published in The Journal of Cell Biology.
Asynchronous cell cycle phase key to critical stage of animal embryonic development
A pair of University of Tsukuba researchers discovered that the synchronous mitosis of early embryonic development switches to a patterned form at the 11th cell division following removal of a cell cycle compensatory mechanism.
Scientists ID genes connected to wellbeing, depression and neuroticism
In one of the largest genomic studies to date, a group of more than 190 scientists have identified genes that are tied to depression, neuroticism and subjective wellbeing.
Which trees face death in drought?
William Anderegg and his colleagues looked for patterns in previous studies of tree mortality and found some common traits that characterized which species lived and which died during drought.
Baylor study reveals role for oxidized mitochondrial DNA in lupus
Researchers at the Baylor Institute for Immunology Research have discovered that the neutrophils of systemic lupus erythematosus patients release oxidized DNA from their mitochondria that can stimulate an unwanted immune response.
Researcher pioneers bacterial infection treatment using novel target: Vesicles
Angela Brown, assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at Lehigh University, is pioneering a unique approach to treating bacterial infections focused on a novel target: outer membrane vesicle -- which are regularly shed by Gram negative bacteria, among the most challenging type of bacteria to treat.
Why do older asymptomatic patients have carotid imaging
Most of the patients who had carotid revascularization for asymptomatic carotid disease were diagnosed on the basis of carotid imaging tests ordered for uncertain or inappropriate indications, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
First computer program developed to detect DNA mutations in single cancer cells
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have announced a new method for detecting DNA mutations in a single cancer cell versus current technology that analyzes millions of cells which they believe could have important applications for cancer diagnosis and treatment.
Preeminent experts provide roadmap for future melanoma research
Recently the Melanoma Research Foundation (MRF) convened a summit of internationally-renowned melanoma experts for an in-depth discussion on the current understanding of, and future recommendations for, melanoma research.
Islet transplantation restores blood sugar awareness and control in type 1 diabetes
New clinical trial results show that transplantation of pancreatic islets -- cell clusters that contain insulin-producing cells -- prevents severe, potentially life-threatening drops in blood sugar in people with type 1 diabetes.
The P tax cometh
A new analysis shows that if tropical farming intensifies, there could be a staggering cost: millions of tons of phosphorus 'tax' that must be paid to the soil.
Researchers find possible treatment for suppressed immunity from spine injuries
Scientists report in Nature Neuroscience they have identified an underlying cause of dangerous immune suppression in people with high level spinal cord injuries and they propose a possible treatment.
Phosphorus 'tax' could be huge if tropical farming intensifies
If the world turns to intensive farming in the tropics to meet food demand, it will require vast amounts of phosphorus fertilizer produced from Earth's finite, irreplaceable phosphate rock deposits, a new analysis shows.
Exposure to violence during pregnancy increases risk of prematurity and low birthweight
Queen Mary University of London and University of Leicester study suggests stress-induced events have negative effects on unborn children in early pregnancy.
Delaying radiation therapy for women with very early breast cancer ups recurrence
Delaying radiation therapy too long after surgery significantly increases the risk of recurrent tumors in women treated for very early, or what is referred to as 'stage 0,' breast cancer, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
New TB clinical trial data-sharing platform available for researchers
C-Path, TDR, TB Alliance, and St. George's, University of London, announce the launch of the TB-Platform for Aggregation of Clinical TB Studies (TB-PACTS): a database designed to catalyze tuberculosis (TB) research by curating and standardizing trial data from the REMoxTB, RIFAQUIN, and OFLOTUB clinical trials, and making them available to researchers.
Palliative care viewed as a stigma, despite improving quality of life
The term palliative care carries a stigma for patients and their caregivers, who regard it as synonymous with impending death.
NASA examines Category 5 Tropical Cyclone Fantala near Madagascar
Tropical Cyclone Fantala has become a major tropical cyclone in the Southern Indian Ocean reaching Category 5 status on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
30 years after Chernobyl, UGA camera study reveals wildlife abundance in CEZ
While humans are now scarce in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, continued studies--including a just-published camera study conducted by researchers from the University of Georgia's Savannah River Ecology Laboratory--validate findings that wildlife populations are abundant at the site.
Psilocybin reduces psychological pain after social exclusion
Social problems are key characteristics in psychiatric disorders and are insufficiently targeted by current treatment approaches.
McMaster University projects awarded $3.3 million to address auto industry, nuclear safety
Two pioneering research projects will bring together 17 McMaster researchers, a dozen industry partners and more than 80 students thanks to $3.3M in research funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council's CREATE program.
Nanomaterial to drive new generation of solar cells: ANU media release
Physicists have discovered radical new properties in a nanomaterial which opens new possibilities for highly efficient thermophotovoltaic cells, which could one day harvest heat in the dark and turn it into electricity.
Reader of epigenetic marks could be 'game changer' for certain cancers
Study in Nature Chemical Biology describes essential role of YEATS domain proteins in reading epigenetic marks that regulate gene expression, DNA damage response, and other vital DNA-dependent cellular processes.
Effect on prices minimal 1 year after Seattle's $15 minimum wage law implementation
Most Seattle employers surveyed in a University of Washington-led study said in 2015 that they expected to raise prices on goods and services to compensate for the city's move to a $15 per hour minimum wage.
Protein found to play key role in the spread of pancreatic cancer
Researchers from the University of Liverpool working with colleagues from around the globe have found an explanation for how pancreatic cancer spreads to the liver.
Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis use, appropriateness varies in children's hospitals
A new study found substantial variability in the use and appropriateness of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis for commonly performed operations at children's hospitals in the United States, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
Penn Medicine presents evidence showing new drug combination may improve outcomes for women with advanced breast cancer when administered before surgery
Results from the I-SPY 2 trial show that giving patients with HER2-positive invasive breast cancer a combination of the drugs trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) and pertuzumab before surgery was more beneficial than the combination of paclitaxel plus trastuzumab.
Controlling integrated optical circuits using patterns of light
Researchers from the University of Southampton, and the Institut d'Optique in Bordeaux have devised a new approach for controlling light in a silicon chip by bringing the concept of spatial light modulation to integrated optics.
$4.7 million available in grants for food safety training, outreach and technical assistance
The US Department of Agriculture today announced the availability of $4.7 million in grants for food safety education, training, and technical assistance projects that address the needs of owners and operators of small to mid-sized farms, beginning farmers, socially-disadvantaged farmers, small processors, small fresh fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers, food hubs, farmers' markets, and others.
ACP urges immediate global action to avert devastating effects of climate change
Climate change will have devastating consequences for public and individual health unless aggressive, global action is taken now to curb greenhouse gas emissions, the American College of Physicians says in a new policy paper published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
American teacher panel surveys teachers' knowledge and perceptions of state standards
In June and October of 2015, RAND surveyed teachers on their understanding of state standards and what instructional materials are used in the classroom to teach the standards, as well as how their teaching practices are aligned with the state standards.
Mapping a path to improved cassava production
Though cassava is easy to cultivate, it is particularly vulnerable to plant pathogens, which can significantly reduce crop yields.
Islet transplant effective to treat type 1 diabetes complicated by severe hypoglycemia
Northwestern Medicine researchers are co-investigators in a breakthrough clinical trial that found transplanted human islets prevent hypoglycemic events and provide excellent glycemic control for patients with type 1 diabetes with severe hypoglycemia.
When inhaling media erodes attention, exhaling provides focus
People who often mix their media consumption -- texting while watching TV, or listening to music while reading -- are not known for being able to hold their attention on one task.
Could global warming's top culprit help crops?
A new study tries to disentangle the complex question of whether rising amounts of carbon dioxide in the air might in some cases help crops.
UT Southwestern research shows 98 percent cure rate for prostate cancer using SBRT
The study -- the first trial to publish five-year results from SBRT treatment for prostate cancer -- found a 98.6 percent cure rate with SBRT, a noninvasive form of radiation treatment that involves high-dose radiation beams entering the body through various angles and intersecting at the desired target.
Rotman professor wins a 2016 Killam Prize from the Canada Council for the Arts
An economist at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management is the recipient of a prestigious award from the Canada Council for the Arts.
Most Americans pray for healing; more than one-fourth have practiced 'laying on of hands'
Nearly nine of 10 Americans have relied upon healing prayer at some point, praying for others even more than for themselves, according to a Baylor University study.
Lowered birth rates one reason why women outlive men
Using unique demographic records on 140,600 reproducing individuals from the Utah Population Database, a research team led from Uppsala University has come to the conclusion that lowered birth rates are one reason why women outlive men in today's societies.
New study examines the effect of ecstasy on the brain
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have conducted a study examining the effect ecstasy has on different parts of the brain.
HAWC Gamma-ray Observatory reveals new look at the very-high-energy sky
Today, scientists operating the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-ray Observatory released a new survey of the sky made from the highest energy gamma rays ever observed.
Three years and counting on atezolizumab for stage 4 CRC patient, Rodney Bearfoot
A symposium presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2016 offers updated results on the ongoing phase 1b clinical trial of anti-PDL1 immunotherapy atezolizumab in advanced stage colorectal cancer patients.
A new way to get electricity from magnetism
By showing that a phenomenon dubbed the 'inverse spin Hall effect' works in several organic semiconductors -- including carbon-60 buckyballs -- University of Utah physicists changed magnetic 'spin current' into electric current.
Bigger brains led to bigger bodies in our ancestors
New research suggests that humans became the large-brained, large-bodied animals we are today because of natural selection to increase brain size.
Unexpected discovery leads to a better battery
An unexpected discovery has led to a zinc-manganese oxide rechargeable battery that's as inexpensive as conventional car batteries, but has a much higher energy density.
Vocal signals reveal intent to dominate or submit, study finds
You may not win friends, but a new study finds that you can influence people simply by lowering the pitch of your voice in the first moments of a conversation.
Stanford study ties recently discovered immune cell to disease
Deficits in a recently discovered immune cell's function may trigger a rare age-related auto-inflammatory disease -- and perhaps far more common ones, too.
Key committee votes to create task force on pregnant and lactating women
The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine announced today that the Senate Health Education Labor & Pensions Committee has approved bill S.
Patients triaged as nonurgent in ED get diagnostics, procedures, admitted
Some patients triaged as nonurgent in emergency departments still received diagnostic services, had procedures performed and were admitted, including to critical care units, all of which could signal overuse, a lack of primary care physicians or a degree of uncertainty by patients and physicians, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
Derailed train of thought? Brain's stopping system may be at fault
Study suggests that the same neural mechanism that interrupts body movement also interrupts cognition.
Renowned neuroscientist receives Salk Institute's Medal for Research Excellence
On April 13, Solomon H. Snyder, M.D., was awarded the Salk Institute's Medal for Research Excellence together with cancer biologist Robert Weinberg, from MIT's Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research.
Cellular Trojan horse yields potential cancer treatment
A collaborative Brigham and Women's Hospital and Johns Hopkins University co-led team has found proof-of-concept evidence for a potential cancer treatment that leverages microparticles and mesenchymal stem cells.
Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy announces ACGT Wendy Walk grant recipient for sarcoma
Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy and Wendy Walk announce Dr.
Nanoparticle acts like Trojan horse to halt asthma
In a new approach to treating asthma and allergies, a biodegradable nanoparticle acts like a Trojan horse, hiding an allergen in a friendly shell, to convince the immune system not to attack it, according to new research.

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