Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 19, 2016
Researcher receives NIH grant to develop new therapeutic agents for MS, cancer and sepsis
A leading scientist at FAU has received $540,250 from the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health to continue his groundbreaking research to develop new therapeutic agents for collagen-based diseases including multiple sclerosis, cancer and sepsis.

Is your home harming you? New research highlights deadly effects of indoor pollution
New research in the journal Science of the Total Environment has highlighted the dangerous effects of indoor pollution on human health, and has called for policies to ensure closer monitoring of air quality.

ARRS 2016 Annual Meeting highlights award-winning electronic exhibits
More than 500 electronic exhibits representing 13 radiology subspecialties are on display this week at the American Roentgen Ray Society Annual Meeting in Los Angeles.

New mathematical model challenges aggressive antibiotic treatments
Antibiotic resistance is one of the most challenging problems in modern medicine.

Breast cancer patients receiving Herceptin treatment should be monitored for heart damage at any age
Breast cancer patients undergoing treatment with trastuzumab-containing regimens should be monitored for heart damage regardless of age.

Study examines safety, immune response of candidate Ebola vaccines
In a study appearing in the April 19, 2016 issue of JAMA, Matthew D.

Chemistry consortium uses Titan supercomputer to understand actinides
A multi-institution team led by the University of Alabama's David Dixon is using Titan to understand actinide chemistry at the molecular level in hopes of designing methods to clean up contamination and safely store spent nuclear fuel.

Corporate sustainability should be core strategy, requires paths unique to each business
In an effort to qualify the process of investing in corporate sustainability, University of Missouri researchers examined two major international apparel brands, Nike and Adidas, to determine the paths taken to reach corporate sustainability.

Loneliness and isolation linked to heightened risk of heart disease/stroke
Loneliness and social isolation are linked to around a 30 percent increased risk of having a stroke or developing coronary artery disease -- the two leading causes of illness and death in high income countries -- finds an analysis of the available evidence, published online in the journal Heart.

How a hedge fund's social network reacts to market swings
When an organization experiences stressful or unexpected news, does it use its social networks to reach out or to hunker down?

Rough childhoods have ripple effects for wild baboons
Numerous studies show that childhood trauma can have far-reaching effects on adult health; new research finds the same is true for wild baboons.

OU meteorology professor wins Young Investigator award
University of Oklahoma Professor Steven Cavallo is the recipient of the Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Program award for his commitment to the study of vortex dynamics.

McMaster researchers achieve a first by coaxing molecules into assembling themselves
In a McMaster University laboratory, chemistry researchers have managed to coax molecules known as tellurazole oxides into assembling themselves into cyclic structures -- a major advance in their field that creates a new and promising set of materials.

Low BMI and death after heart attack
Low body mass index increases risk mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), even after adjustment for other health factors that affect body weight, according to a study this week in PLOS Medicine.

Immunotherapy is first to show survival benefit in head and neck cancer
The immunotherapy drug nivolumab has become the first to show a survival benefit in head and neck cancer, after a major international trial found that it was more effective than standard chemotherapy.

Endogenous oxidants: New methods for monitoring processes in the organism
Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) have now developed two novel biological measuring systems that facilitate better analysis of disease-relevant changes in the oxidation state of cells.

Joint European research into the herpes virus
Fifteen Ph.D. students now have the opportunity to improve their skills via the EDGE project.

Australia's first facility built for nanoscience launched, world-leading
Leading scientific figures, pioneers and senior representatives including from Microsoft, US, are visiting Sydney for the launch of the Australian Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology -- and the official opening of its headquarters -- the most advanced facility for nanoscience in the region, where design, fabrication and testing of devices can occur under one roof.

Seeing double: NASA missions measure solar flare from 2 spots in space
But during a December 2013 solar flare, three solar observatories captured the most comprehensive observations of an electromagnetic phenomenon called a current sheet, strengthening the evidence that this understanding of solar flares is correct.

Media coverage of celebrities with breast cancer influencing rise in double mastectomy
An increase in women with breast cancer choosing double mastectomy may be influenced by media coverage of celebrities, a new study finds.

'Good cop' parent not enough to buffer some harmful effects of 'bad cop' parent
New Iowa State University research shows harsh parenting may increase a child's risk for poor physical health and obesity as they get older.

The unique biology of human breast milk
Humans may have the most complex breast milk of all mammals.

Are lab mice too cold? Why it matters for science
A typical mouse laboratory is kept between 20 and 26 degrees C, but if the mice had it their way, it would be a warm 30 degrees C.

Aspirin use may help prevent bile duct cancer, Mayo-led study finds
A team of current and former Mayo Clinic researchers has discovered that aspirin use is associated with a significantly reduced risk of developing bile duct cancer, also called cholangiocarcinoma.

Snowmobiling could be hard hit by climate change, new study says
A warming climate resulting in reduced snow cover at normal elevations could seriously impact Vermont's $600 million snowmobiling industry, according to a comprehensive survey snowmobilers in and out of the state.

A small dose of E. coli wall has big impact on the sweet tooth
Putting just a tiny piece of the wall of detoxified E. coli into their gut make mice lose their natural sweet tooth, researchers report.

Monkeys regulate metabolism to cope with environment and rigours of mating season
The flexible physiology of Barbary macaques in responding to extreme environmental conditions of their natural habitat may help shed light on the mechanisms that allowed our ancestors to thrive outside Africa, say researchers.

One antidepressant shown to control weight during 2-year study
Group Health researchers have found that bupropion (marketed as Wellbutrin) is the only antidepressant that tends to be linked to long-term modest weight loss.

Scientists issue rallying cry for wheat blast research
A team of scientists in the UK and Bangladesh are turning to the combined knowledge of the global scientific community to address an emerging threat to Asian agriculture.

Microsoft supports Sydney University quantum effort
Leading scientists and directors from Microsoft's quantum computing program are visiting Australia to speak at today's launch of the Australian Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology and its headquarters, a new $150m building where electrons are manipulated at temperatures of just above -273.15C -- colder than deep space.

Liquid spiral vortex discovered
Unexpected spiral vortex phenomenon found when liquid is pushed through cross-shaped pathways.

Ocean currents push phytoplankton -- and pollution -- around the globe faster than thought
Princeton University researchers found that ocean currents can carry objects to almost any place on the globe in less than a decade, faster than previously thought.

DNA sat nav uncovers ancient Ashkenaz
The origin of Yiddish, the millennium old language of Ashkenazic Jews, is something which linguists have questioned for decades.

How did human paired limbs evolve? MBL Whitman Center study targets role of gill arch in fish
Genetic evidence is presented for the theory that the paired limbs of humans, and before that the paired fins of fish, evolved from the transformation of gill arches in early fish, in a study by J.

Study: Ancient tectonic activity was trigger for ice ages
Continental shifting may have acted as a natural mechanism for extreme carbon sequestration.

Immunotherapy drug shrinks tumors in half of patients with rare, virus-linked skin cancer
In a clinical trial of the immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab, half of 25 patients with a rare type of virus-linked skin cancer called Merkel cell carcinoma experienced substantial tumor shrinkage lasting nearly three times as long, on average, than with conventional chemotherapy.

Americans use less energy in 2015 according to Lawrence Livermore analysis
Americans used less energy overall in 2015 than the previous year, according to the most recent energy flow charts released by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Flexible hours controlled by management cause stress and damage lives of low-paid workers
Researcher calls on new DWP Minister Stephen Crabb to acknowledge distinction between flexible scheduling controlled by managers to maximize profit, damaging lives of the low-paid in the process, and high-end professionals who set their own schedules -- an issue he says was publicly fudged by the Minister's predecessor to justify zero-hour contracts.

Victorian Age technology can improve virtual reality, Stanford-Dartmouth study finds
Researchers at Dartmouth College and Stanford University have discovered that 'monovision' -- a simple technique borrowed from ophthalmology that dates to the monocle of the Victorian Age -- can improve user performance in virtual reality environments.

Prison's extended punch
A study of female inmates suggests those who grew up in homes where at least one adult was incarcerated were at greater risk for lifelong neurological problems.

Data sharing pilot to report and reflect on data policy challenges via 8 case studies
Starting with their Grant Proposal, submitted and accepted by the Canadian International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Prof.

Study: Cities have individual microbial signatures
Cities have their own distinct microbial communities but these communities don't vary much between offices located in the same city, according to a new study.

Two volcanoes trigger crises of the late antiquity
Contemporary chronicles, archaeological studies and physical evidence all point to severe climatic changes and ensuing social crises in the middle of the 6th century.

Cracking the Zika mystery
An important breakthrough in understanding the Zika virus structure and its behavior has been highlighted in a study by Duke-NUS Medical School scientists.

NJIT high-resolution images capture a solar flare as it unfolds
Scientists at NJIT's Big Bear Solar Observatory have captured unprecedented images of a recent solar flare, including bright flare ribbons seen crossing a sunspot followed by 'coronal rain,' plasma that condenses in the cooling phase shortly after the flare, showering the visible surface of the sun where it lands in brilliant explosions.

Researchers find a fast road out of poverty
Researchers from the University of Oxford and the University of Toronto measured how households who owned property in the upgraded roads were also allowed to spend more on credit so they could buy items for the home or cars that made them better off.

TGen Deputy Director presents A Visit to the Brain at TEDx Talk in Arizona
Dr. Michael Berens, Deputy Director of the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), will present

New treatment for advanced melanoma shows promise
In a study appearing in the April 19, 2016 issue of JAMA, Antoni Ribas, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of California-Los Angeles, and colleagues examined tumor response and overall survival following administration of the antibody pembrolizumab among patients with advanced melanoma.

Rare pediatric cancer successfully treated with new targeted therapy
When a baby's life was threatened by a rare pediatric cancer that would not respond to surgery or chemotherapy, doctors at Nemours Children's Hospital rapidly, successfully shrank the tumor by 90 percent using an experimental treatment, according to a new study published online in Pediatric Blood and Cancer.

Toward quieting the brain
Chronic brain diseases such as epilepsy involve disturbances of the brain's electrical activity.

Clinical trial for experimental Ebola drug publishes results
Results of the Wellcome Trust funded trial of the experimental anti-Ebola drug TKM-130803 published in PLOS Medicine.

Scientists propose treatment for severe lung diseases
Researchers are developing a new drug to treat life-threatening lung damage and breathing problems in people with severe infections like pneumonia, those undergoing certain cancer treatments and premature infants with underdeveloped, injury prone lungs.

More natural history training needed, survey shows
A survey of early-career scientists and environmental-science professionals found that only 11 percent felt their academic training alone provided the needed exposure to natural history, which can be defined as the observation of organisms in their natural environment.

From Brussels to Brooklyn: Bristol's 5G wireless research showcased
The quest for a 1,000-fold capacity enhancement alongside higher data rates for 5th generation (5G) wireless networks is the subject of intense international academic and industrial research.

New trial aims to prevent type 1 diabetes
The autoimmune diabetes Accelerator Prevention Trial (adAPT) is led by Professor Terence Wilkin, of the University of Exeter Medical School, with support from colleagues at the University of Dundee and NHS Tayside.

Double advantage of potential new diabetes treatment
Blocking the hormone that raises sugar levels in the blood could increase insulin levels while keeping blood sugar levels down.

Andreas Zick wins 2016 Communicator Award
A Bielefeld professor is recognized for science communication contributions in the fields of conflict research, discrimination and violence in society.

Merkel cell carcinoma patients who received pembrolizumab often had durable responses
In a phase 2 clinical trial of the immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab as a first-line systemic therapy for advanced Merkel cell carcinoma, or MCC -- a rare, aggressive type of skin cancer -- the clinical response rate was similar to that typically seen with standard chemotherapy, but the duration of the response appeared to be markedly longer.

Penn psychologists study intense awe astronauts feel viewing Earth from space
By analyzing accounts of awe that result from seeing Earth from space, David Yaden and Johannes Eichstaedt of the University of Pennsylvania delve deep into the psychology of astronauts.

Research paves the way for monocyte-based cell therapy
VIB-UGent researchers reveal that adult circulating monocytes that get access to the macrophage niche in the liver or the lung can acquire identical tissue-specific macrophage function and self-maintenance capacities as macrophages of embryonic origin.

Lauren Sciences LLC awarded second grant for LAUR-301 from The ALS Association
Lauren Sciences LLC, private New York biotechnology company developing breakthrough V-Smart™ Nanomedicines for brain diseases, announced today award of second grant from The ALS Association.

New cases of dementia in the UK fall by 20 percent over 2 decades
The UK has seen a 20 percent fall in the incidence of dementia over the past two decades, according to new research from England, led by the University of Cambridge, leading to an estimated 40,000 fewer cases of dementia than previously predicted.

Antiviral protein linked to depressed mood in mice
The flu and other viral infections have long been known to cause mood changes, beyond the more familiar symptoms of fever and sore throat.

Neural stem cell transplants aid traumatic brain injury recovery
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity, often causing lifelong disability for those who survive.

Pancreatic cancer risk tied to specific mouth bacteria
The presence of certain bacteria in the mouth may reveal increased risk for pancreatic cancer and enable earlier, more precise treatment.

Two-vaccine Ebola regimen shows promise in early-stage clinical trial
An immunization regimen using two Ebola vaccine candidates was safe, well-tolerated and induced an immune response in healthy adult volunteers in a Phase 1 clinical trial.

Heterocycle-based luminogens with aggregation-induced emission characteristics
Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) has attracted much attention in recent years.

European Research Council Advanced Grant for Bochum scientist
The pan-European funding body European Research Council will finance the team of Prof.

Oregon's property tax compression a minus for eighth-grade math
Oregon's complex property tax system sometimes computes to problems for eighth-graders who rely heavily on teachers for shaping their skills as they enter advanced math courses.

UK labor ward staff and outcomes
Maternal and neonatal intrapartum outcomes in the UK are similar during 'in-hours,' when a senior obstetrician is scheduled to be present on the labor ward, and 'out-of-hours,' when care is managed by other members of the obstetric team, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Half of long-stay nursing home residents go to hospital ED regardless of cognitive status
A new study from Indiana University Center for Aging Research and Regenstrief Institute reports that almost half of long-stay nursing home residents experience at least one transfer to an ED over course of a year regardless of cognitive status.

New research reveals surprising insight into British drinking culture
New research into the UK's alcohol consumption has revealed a surprising picture of Britain's drinking culture.

Religious rhetoric not helpful in anti-alcohol messages
Does including a religious message in a public service announcement warning of the dangers of alcohol use make a difference to the viewer, especially if that person lives in a Middle Eastern country in which the predominate religion is Muslim?

QMUL paleontologist chronicles tyrannosaur evolution in new book
How the dinosaur group, the tyrannosaurs, evolved over the course of 100 million years into the giant carnivorous bone-crushers that are so well recognized today, is charted in a new book by a zoology lecturer from Queen Mary University of London.

IUPUI ecohydrologist studies fog, dew and other novel water sources for dryland vegetation
Ecohydrologist Lixin Wang of the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis is investigating how non-rainfall water sources -- especially fog and dew -- impact drylands with important implications for their agriculture.

First Salish Sea-wide shoreline armoring study shows cumulative effects on ecosystem
A new University of Washington study shows that impacts associated with shoreline armoring can scale up to have cumulative, large-scale effects on the characteristics of Salish Sea shorelines and the diversity of life they support.

World's first development environment for the industrial Internet and 5G solutions in Finland
VTT and the University of Oulu to build a unique pilot environment to accelerate secure industrial Internet solutions.

Designing attack-resilient micro aerial vehicles
University of Delaware researcher Guoquan Huang has been awarded a two-year grant from the National Science Foundation to design attack-resilient micro aerial vehicles.

How much do we really see?
Glance out the window and then close your eyes. Maybe you noticed it's raining and there was a man carrying an umbrella.

Stent retrievers improve odds for ischemic stroke patients
Timely treatment with endovascular therapy to restore blood flow to the brain significantly improves functional outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke, according to a new study.

When it comes to a child's weight in the ER, mama knows best
Parents outperform even sophisticated measurement systems in emergency departments when it comes to estimating their children's body weight, according to the results of a systematic review of the literature on pediatric weight estimation published online today in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('Weight Estimation Methods in Children: A Systematic Review').

Open Targets: New name, new data
The Centre for Therapeutic Target Validation, now called 'Open Targets,' releases its first experimental datasets and a new API.

Making electronics out of coal
MIT engineers have discovered how coal can be used for electronics, by noting chemical, electrical, and optical properties of thin films of different coal types.

The chem-hiss-try of snake venom (video)
We know poisonous snakes are dangerous, but what exactly makes venom so powerful?

New class of small molecule drug, SI-2, has potential for improving cancer treatment
Cancer cells communicate with their environment through cell molecules that pass on signals to the inside of the cell.

Causes of childhood obesity complex, but families, media play key roles
Although the causes of obesity are complex, families have significant influence on children's dietary habits and weight, and should be involved in planning healthy living campaigns and efforts to curb food marketing that targets children, suggest the study's authors, Barbara H.

New technology quantifies effects of prostate tumor laser ablation
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed computational tools to use magnetic resonance images to quantitatively evaluate the effects on the form and structure of the prostate following treatment.

New study finds exhaled e-cigarette vapour particles disappear within seconds
A new study being presented today at the 4th Workplace and Indoor Aerosols conference in Barcelona shows, for the first time, that exhaled e-cigarette particles are liquid droplets that evaporate within seconds.

Report: Stagnant US funding for tools against disease threats leaves world at serious risk
Even as Congress grapples with the White House on how to fund an emergency response to fight Zika virus, a new report warns that overall underfunding for development of lifesaving tools against neglected global diseases is putting the United States and the world at risk, and that emergency funding can't be allowed to substitute for sustained US investment in research and development (R&D) of global health technologies.

NASA's 3-satellite view of powerful Tropical Cyclone Fantala
Three NASA satellites provided data on powerful Tropical Cyclone Fantala as it lingered north of Madagascar in the Southern Indian Ocean.

WSU research improves conductive plastic for health, energy, other technologies
An international team of scientists developed methods to improve the performance of a conductive plastic that can be used in devices that interface with the human body.

Inflammatory protein involved in autoimmune diseases has healing potential
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have found that TNF-alpha, a proinflammatory molecule and protein produced by the body's cells during infection, also promotes the immune system regulatory responses by first inducing immune surveillance cells--a finding that could lead to more targeted drug therapies for treating several autoimmune diseases.

NASA investigates 3-D printing for building densely populated electronic assemblies
A team of NASA technologists at the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, however, has begun investigating the use of a technique called aerosol jet printing or direct-write manufacturing to produce new detector assemblies that are not possible with traditional assembly processes.

Children in well-baby group care 90 percent less likely to be overweight than peers in traditional care
A novel approach to preventing overweight/obesity in young children by replacing traditional, individual well-child care with a series of group visits that emphasize nutrition-focused interventions during the first 18 months of life was associated with a significantly reduced obesity rate at 2 years of age.

Internists recommend steps to ensure success of Medicare's 'value-based' payment reforms
The American College of Physicians today shared its perspectives on what the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the medical profession itself, needs to do to ensure that the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) is implemented successfully and as Congress intended.

New world record for fullerene-free polymer solar cells
Polymer solar cells can be even cheaper and more reliable thanks to a breakthrough by scientists at Linköping University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Montana State offering live stream of vaccine expert panel
Montana State University is hosting the Maurice Hilleman Vaccine Symposium on April 23 and will be streaming the event live on the web.

Researchers improve identification of women at high risk of pre-eclampsia
Researchers have developed a new tool that will improve how clinicians can identify women at high risk of developing pre-eclampsia, and who should take Aspirin after 12 weeks of pregnancy.

UTSW surgeons develop innovative technique for reconstructing breast after mastectomy
UT Southwestern Medical Center plastic surgeons have developed a new breast reconstruction technique that combines advantages of two different types of microsurgical procedures using abdominal and other tissue to reconstruct the breast after a mastectomy.

From lighting screens to lighting homes
To cut down on the environmental waste and provide storage for rural communities, researchers at Kyung Hee University in Seoul have proposed a model for recycling unspent lithium ion batteries into energy storage units for solar-powered LED lamps.

States with punitive justice systems have higher rates of foster care, study finds
The number of children in foster care across the country is driven not solely by child abuse and neglect, but by states' varying politics and approaches to social problems, a new University of Washington study finds.

Researchers pinpoint part of the brain that recognizes facial expressions
Researchers at The Ohio State University have pinpointed the area of the brain responsible for recognizing human facial expressions.

BRCA1 gene mutation is linked to women having fewer eggs in their ovaries
Researchers have discovered a link between the BRCA1 gene mutation and lower levels of a hormone that is an indicator of the number of eggs left in a woman's ovaries, according to research published in Human Reproduction, one of the world's leading reproductive medicine journals.

No evidence to suggest lasers pointed at cockpits damage pilots' eyes
There is no evidence to suggest that lasers pointed at airplane cockpits damage pilots' eyesight.

Measuring the heat capacity of condensed light
Liquid water is a very good heat storage medium -- anyone with a Thermos bottle knows that.

Nature Photonics: Light source for quicker computer chips
Worldwide growing data volumes make conventional electronic processing reach its limits.

The more you run, the denser your bones will be
Spanish researchers have analyzed the effect of endurance running training on the stiffness index, a variable that is directly related to bone quality.

USC professor awarded $11.25 million to lead brain-machine interface research
Maryam M. Shanechi, Assistant Professor & Viterbi Early Career Chair in the Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering, has been awarded a Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) grant to lead an interdisciplinary team that will develop brain-machine interfaces to enhance human decision making.

Study examines factors affecting whether women choose a medical research career
Unless exposed to positive research experience and role models during their medical education and training, women are unlikely to consider careers in academic medicine seriously, Oxford University study finds.

Nursing home ownership
Given evidence from observational studies that publicly funded care delivered in for-profit facilities is inferior to care delivered in public or non-profit facilities, the precautionary principle should be applied when developing policy for the frail and vulnerable population in nursing homes, according to a new article in PLOS Medicine by Margaret McGregor from the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, and colleagues.

NIH study finds factors that may influence influenza vaccine effectiveness
Currently, seasonal flu vaccines are designed to induce high levels of protective antibodies against hemagglutinin (HA), a protein found on the surface of the influenza virus that enables the virus to enter a human cell and initiate infection.

Deep Knowledge Life Sciences and BioViva announce partnership
Seattle-based biotech startup BioViva USA Inc. and London-based biotech investment fund Deep Knowledge Life Sciences are announcing a partnership with the aim of bringing about affordable gene therapies.

Watercress extract detoxifies carcinogens in smokers, clinical trial demonstrates
Watercress extract taken multiple times a day significantly inhibits the activation of a tobacco-derived carcinogen in cigarette smokers, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, partner with UPMC CancerCenter, demonstrated in a phase II clinical trial presented today at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting in New Orleans.

PolyU wins top prizes in Geneva's Invention Expo
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University has brought glory to Hong Kong by winning a total of 14 prizes at the 44th International Exhibition of Inventions of Geneva.

Health problems may predict traumatic brain injuries in older adults
In a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers set out to learn about the risk factors for traumatic brain injuries in older adults so that healthcare professionals can develop strategies to prevent these types of injuries whenever possible.

Lemurs mix smelly secretions to make richer, longer-lasting scents
Humans aren't alone in their ability to mix perfumes and colognes.

A reduction in sitting time could mean a lower body fat percentage for office workers
An intervention to reduce workplace sitting time has shown potential health benefits, in results published today in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

Promising new compound protects neurons and vision in mice with glaucoma
Early tests of a novel compound in mice with glaucoma should come as welcome news to millions of people around the world now suffering with this leading cause of vision loss.

Scientists describe new research model to enhance Zika virus research
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine have developed one of the first mouse models for the study of Zika virus.

Study indicates polar bears are swimming more as sea ice retreats
A study undertaken by scientists from the University of Alberta and Environment and Climate Change Canada to understand swimming behavior in polar bears is showing an increase in this behavior related to changes in the amount and location of summer sea ice.

Pandemic E. coli strain H30 cloaks its stealth strategies
The difficulty in subduing the pandemic strain of drug-resistant E.

IASLC launches global newsmagazine focused on advances in lung cancer
This month, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer launched a global newsmagazine, the IASLC Lung Cancer News, to disseminate the latest developments in prevention, treatment and care of patients with thoracic malignancies to academia, the oncology community and the general public.

Scientists describe new model to enhance Zika virus research
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine have developed one of the first mouse models for the study of Zika virus.

Nano-magnets produce 3-dimensional images
Toyohashi Tech researchers have developed a wide-view 3- dimensional (3-D) holographic display composed of nano-magnetic pixels.

Microbial biosensor designed to evaluate water toxicity
Researchers of the Environmental Microbiology Group of the UAB Department of Genetics and Microbiology have developed a paper-based biosensor covered with bacteria to detect water toxicity.

Using data to explore poetic sound
Hoping to bridge data science and the humanities, Michigan State University researcher Sean Pue will use a fellowship from the Andrew W.

South African endemic mountain plant gives itself up after 147-year absence
Researchers working on the plant diversity of the Great Winterberg-Amathole mountains, South Africa, have rediscovered a plant species last seen sometime before 1862.

A breath of fresh air: Drexel scientists reveal how the brain generates respiratory rhythm
Computational modeling shows the mechanisms by which a diverse group of neurons in the brainstem cause humans to breathe.

Sonic hedgehog gene provides evidence that our limbs may have evolved from sharks' gills
Latest analysis shows that human limbs share a genetic programme with the gills of cartilaginous fishes such as sharks and skates, providing evidence to support a century-old theory on the origin of limbs that had been widely discounted.

Antipsychotic medications may be ineffective for treating or preventing delirium
Antipsychotic medications (treatments used for certain mental health conditions) did not lessen the number of new cases of delirium, and that using antipsychotic medication may not make much difference to the duration, severity, hospital length of stay, or mortality associated with delirium. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to