Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 20, 2016
Tap water and table salt may be safer and cheaper for milk production cleanup
A safer option for cleaning milking systems on dairy farms may also decrease cleaning time and cost, according to a team of Penn State engineers.

Eco-friendly store brands are a 'win-win-win situation'
A new study published in the Journal of Retailing by researchers with Concordia University in Montreal shows profits for store brands can increase if companies couple ethical marketing with higher prices.

First North American monkey fossils are found in Panama Canal excavation
Seven fossil teeth exposed by the Panama Canal expansion project are first evidence of a monkey on the North American continent before the Isthmus of Panama connected it to South America 3.5 million years ago.

Mapping neurons to improve the treatment of Parkinson's
Because billions of neurons are packed into our brain, the neuronal circuits that are responsible for controlling our behaviors are by necessity highly intermingled.

Non-inflammatory destructive periodontal disease
A NIDPD case was studied in order to analyze features of the disease, and discuss the possible etiologic factors.

With simple process, UW-Madison engineers fabricate fastest flexible silicon transistor
One secret to creating the world's fastest silicon-based flexible transistors: a very, very tiny knife.

Parts of Europe may be exposed to dengue outbreaks
Global travel and climate change increase the risk for epidemics of the mosquito-borne dengue virus, and potentially other climate-sensitive infectious diseases, spreading into temperate areas.

Mild weather since 1970s worrying for the American view on climate threat
In a chronicle published in Nature, Swedish researcher Joacim Rocklöv at Umeå University reasons around the findings of a new research study showing that American's skepticism towards climate issues are partly due to the improved weather.

Improving CO2 storage using hospital scanner
CO2 storage in natural reservoirs is dependent on dense rock that prevents leakage.

Defects in the body's cell disposal system may contribute to the most common form of lupus
Research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists may set the stage for new approaches to control or prevent the inflammation and tissue damage associated with the chronic autoimmune disorder lupus

New black fly species discovered in Indonesia
A new species of black fly has been discovered in Indonesia on the island of Borneo.

Four from UCI elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Four University of California, Irvine faculty in law, philosophy, chemistry and physics have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, which recognizes leaders from the academic, business and government sectors who are responding to challenges facing the nation and the world.

IADR/AADR publish advances issue on ICCC recommendations
IADR/AADR have published an issue of Advances in Dental Research on the International Caries Consensus Collaboration's recommendations for carious lesion management and related terminology, developed from evidence-led consensus.

Engage with the world's brightest mathematicians and computer scientists in Heidelberg!
Science journalists are invited to cover the 4th HLF, taking place from Sept.

A tough childhood can lead to a shorter life for baboons
A new study finds that wild baboons that experience multiple misfortunes during the first years of life, such as drought or the loss of their mother, grow up to live much shorter adult lives

Micro heart muscle created from stem cells
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have invented a new way to create three-dimensional human heart tissue from stem cells.

Chemical exposure could lead to obesity, UGA study finds
Exposure to chemicals found in everyday products could affect the amount of fat stored in the body, according to a study by University of Georgia researchers.

Fatty diets lead to daytime sleepiness, poor sleep
University of Adelaide researchers have found that men who consume diets high in fat are more likely to feel sleepy during the day, to report sleep problems at night, and are also more likely to suffer from sleep apnea.

Patients at high risk for psychiatric symptoms after a stay in the intensive care unit
Results of a multi-institutional national study of nearly 700 people who survived life-threatening illness with a stay in an intensive care unit suggest that a substantial majority of them are at high risk for persistent depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder -- especially if they are female, young and unemployed.

Childhood obesity, malnutrition connected to mom's perception of child's weight
A study from the University of Houston finds a child's risk for obesity or malnutrition may be tied to the mother's misperception of her child's weight.

Making biodiesel with used cooking oil and a microwave
Weaning cars and trucks off of gasoline and diesel made from fossil fuels is a difficult task.

MDI Biological Laboratory awarded grant from Glenn Foundation to study aging
The MDI Biological Laboratory has announced that it has received a grant from the Glenn Foundation For Medical Research to support a new course on aging that will draw internationally renowned scientists to Bar Harbor, Maine, to examine fundamental questions about our ability to repair and regenerate tissue as we age.

Scientists sharpen view of gene transfer between pathogenic bacteria
Bacteria possess the ability to take up DNA from their environment, a skill that enables them to acquire new genes for antibiotic resistance or to escape the immune response.

Brighter prospects for chronic pain
The potential of light as a noninvasive, highly focused alternative to pain medication was made more apparent thanks to research conducted by scientists at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital of McGill University and the McGill University Health Centre.

A fashion-friendly way to track chemical exposures
Famous athletes and celebrities promoting charities made silicone wristbands cool more than a decade ago.

Scientist models Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome in adult stem cells
Dr. Kevin Francis' research appears in Nature Medicine.

Stomach cancer diagnostics: New insights on stage of tumor growth
Researchers of Kazan Federal University and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine found correlations between the superoxide and nitric oxide generation rates, levels of active forms of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in tumor and adjoining tissues between each other and with the disease stages for gastric cancer patients.

AbbVie, University of Chicago collaborate to advance cancer research
The University of Chicago and AbbVie, a global biopharmaceutical company, have entered into a five-year strategic research agreement designed to speed discovery and advance cancer research at both organizations.

Exposure to routine viruses makes mice better test subjects
Vaccines and therapeutics developed using mice sometimes don't work as expected in humans.

Toward a resistance-proof antiviral that can treat many diseases
Scientists and health officials are marshalling forces to fight Zika, the latest in a string of recent outbreaks.

NASA sees birth of Tropical Cyclone 20P, threatens American Samoa
As Tropical Cyclone 20P formed in the Southern Pacific Ocean NASA's Aqua satellite analyzed storm cloud top temperatures while the RapidScat instrument looked at surface winds.

The contrarian dance of DNA
A piece of DNA's movements are often counterintuitive to those of objects in our everyday grasp.  A rod of rubber, for example: bend it until its ends meet, and you can count on the elastic tension to snap it back straight when you let go.

After Pam: Griffith University part of cyclone rebuilding project
Griffith University's Climate Change Response Program is part of a remarkable Pacific Island project to rebuild an area devastated by Cyclone Pam in 2015 and enhance its ability to withstand future extreme weather events.

Unconventional antibody defends blood vessels against sepsis
An antibody that defends blood vessels against sepsis can prevent mice from succumbing to the disease, a new study shows.

NRL reveals novel uniform coating process of p-ALD
Particle atomic layer deposition (p-ALD) is highlighted as a technology that can create new and exciting designer core/shell particles to be used as building blocks for the next generation of complex multifunctional nanocomposites.

The origin of heart dysfunctions in myotonic dystrophy identified
An international team, including researchers in France at Inserm, CNRS and the University of Strasbourg, brought together at IGBMC is lifting the veil on the molecular mechanisms causing heart dysfunctions in myotonic dystrophy, a genetic disease affecting one person in 8,000.

York U brain study on memory delay explains visuomotor mistakes
The new study shows that when doing a visual task, neural activity in the frontal cortex initially reflects the visual goal accurately but errors accumulate during a memory delay, and further escalate during the final memory-to-motor transformation.

Why you can't teach an old mouse new tricks
The ability to adapt to changes in the environment is key to survival, but this type of behavioral flexibility is often impaired in older individuals.

Poorly known South African mountain endemic appears to be a very valuable keystone species
Researchers working on the African flowering plant genus Macowania -- mostly endemic to the Drakensberg of South Africa and Lesotho, and a relative of the sunflower -- have shown that one of its species might be an important keystone species in the Amathole mountains.

A new player revealed in nerve growth process
A protein previously known for its role in kidney function, adaptor protein CD2AP also plays a significant role in the nervous system by regulating a type of neural growth known as collateral sprouting.

A better understanding of bananas could help prevent blindness
Carotenoids, which are found at various levels in different banana cultivars, are important vitamin precursors for eye health.

Herbicide resistance in waterhemp continues to grow
Populations of the broadleaf weed waterhemp have been found to be resistant to the class of herbicides known as HPPD-inhibitors.

Accounting for volcanoes using tools of economics
Scientists can read old descriptions of eruptions and analyze ash deposits captured in polar ice, but consistently estimating the climate impact of past eruptions has been difficult.

School affects girls' chances of being diagnosed with an eating disorder
After allowing for other factors, a joint UK-Swedish team finds that the school a girl attends can affect her chance of being diagnosed with an eating disorder.

Should the food industry fund health research?
In The BMJ today, leading experts debate whether the food industry should fund health research, and if so, under what circumstances.

Model makes designing new antennas orders of magnitude faster
Researchers have developed a model that allows antenna designers to identify efficient configurations for antenna designs in minutes, rather than days.

Indian monsoon: Novel approach allows early forecasting
The Indian monsoon's yearly onset and withdrawal can now be forecasted significantly earlier than previously possible.

NASA's twins study explores space through you: Releases Omics video series
NASA's Human Research Program is releasing the first half of a video series entitled Omics: Exploring Space Through You to highlight its Twins Study, in conjunction with its National DNA Day Reddit Ask Me Anything event at 10 a.m.

Breakthrough research in communications networking wins a prestigious IEEE award
A Korean research team, affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, has been selected to receive the 2016 IEEE William R.

Can positive memories help treat mental health problems?
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have published a study highlighting the effectiveness of using positive memories and images to help generate positive emotions.

Wapiti whistles sound like Ringwraith shrieks
Most creatures produce sounds that are in keeping with their size: small animals produce high pitched squeaks while larger animals produce low pitched rumbles, but North American red deer (wapitis) produce an eerie high-pitched bugle call that would be more in keeping from an animal a fraction of their size.

'Dirty mouse' may model human immune system more accurately, NIH-funded study suggests
Medical interventions that work well when tested in mouse models can fail when they advance to safety and efficacy testing in humans.

Alaskan seismologists re-evaluate region's Earthquake potential after Iniskin
January's magnitude 7.1 Iniskin earthquake that shook the Cook Inlet region of Alaska was an unusual event, one that has seismologists in the area reconsidering the potential hazard from such quakes.

Researchers develop new semiconducting polymer for forthcoming flexible electronics
A joint team of Korean researchers has developed a new n-type semiconducting polymer with superior electron mobility and oxidative stability.

Grassroots tactics could improve global environmental policies
Much of the world may cringe as lemurs are hunted and killed or when entire forests are burnt and harvested for charcoal.

New method enlists electricity for easier, cheaper, greener chemistry
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found a new and better way to achieve a chemical reaction that is used widely in the pharmaceutical as well as flavor and fragrance industries.

Number of medical complaints before concussion may help predict recovery time
Athletes who have medical complaints, like aches and pains, that have no known physical cause may take longer to recover after a concussion, according to a study published in the April 20, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

OU team investigates microbe-climate interactions in greenhouse gases
A University of Oklahoma research team will analyze microbe-climate interactions in greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4 and N2O) from grasslands and croplands in Oklahoma.

Strength training helps older adults live longer
Older adults who met twice-weekly strength-training guidelines had lower odds of dying in a new analysis by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine, Penn State Health Milton S.

Bringing nitrogen out to pasture
Cows in Brazil might start bellowing 'leguuume' rather than 'moo.' Researchers there found tree legumes in a silvopastural system provide an important and affordable source of nitrogen to replenish the soil.

Early abnormalities of Alzheimer's disease: It takes 2 (proteins) to tango
For years, neuroscientists have puzzled over how two abnormal proteins, called amyloid and tau, accumulate in the brain and damage it to cause Alzheimer's disease.

Farming amoebae carry around detoxifying food
The social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum can farm symbiotic bacteria for food by carrying them from generation to generation.

In gaming, player behavior reflects roles -- even when no roles are given
New research finds that player behavior in narrative role-playing games (RPGs) reflects specific character roles -- even if the game tells players nothing about the character's role.

NASA sees Fantala's eye wide open north of Madagascar
Tropical Cyclone Fantala continued to spin northeast of Madagascar when NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Southern Indian Ocean on April 20.

Senior adults can see health benefits from dog ownership
Among adults 60 years of age or more, walking is the most common form of leisure-time physical activity because it is self-paced, low impact and does not require equipment.

No matter how equal or unequal a society is, men still smoke more
In the developing world, far more men than women smoke.

Antimatter helps to unveil the secrets of liquid crystals
The chaos typical of liquid molecules, and the ordering characteristics of crystals.

Do gut microbes shape our evolution?
Our gut microbes are key to our health, but they may also shape our evolution, according to an hypothesis by UC Berkeley's Michael Shapira.

Recent warmer winters may be cooling climate change concern
The vast majority of Americans have experienced more favorable weather conditions over the past 40 years, researchers from NYU and Duke University have found.

High prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in large population of kids with type 1 diabetes
A University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing team has examined the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and diabetes control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Seismologists ask: How close are we to an eruption?
Scientists analyzing the data from seismic networks are becoming better at detecting volcanic activity and at depicting the source and structure of the 'plumbing' beneath the world's volcanoes.

Consuming too much fructose during pregnancy raises the child's risk for heart disease
The negative health effects of consuming large amounts of fructose could impact several generations, according to researchers at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.

All powered up
University of California, Irvine researchers have invented nanowire-based battery material that can be recharged hundreds of thousands of times, moving us closer to a battery that would never require replacement.

Fred Hutch leader Gary Gilliland elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Dr. Gary Gilliland, president and director of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, has been elected to membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, one of the nation's oldest and most prestigious honorary societies and independent policy-research centers.

Taking the fight against risky pain pill use to the ER: Study shows promise
As America battles an epidemic of deaths from misused pain pills, a new study suggests an inexpensive way to cut risky use of these drugs by people who have a high chance of overdosing.

This Week from AGU: Erosion by fire, aurora sightings, and 2 new research papers
This week from AGU are articles on erosion by fire, aurora sightings, and two new research papers.

Does a 'triple package' of traits predict success?
In a new study published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences, two Union College professors find there is little evidence to support the idea of the so-called triple package

New report calls for effort to reduce negative attitudes toward people with disorders
The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) should lead efforts among federal partners and stakeholders to design, implement, and evaluate a multipronged, evidence-based national strategy to reduce stigma toward people with mental and substance use disorders, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

New tool calculates economic costs of methane leak detection
The 'virtual gas field simulator' developed by Stanford scientists calculates the economic costs of different technologies for plugging and repairing leaky natural gas wells.

Promiscuity may help some corals survive bleaching events
Researchers have shown for the first time that some corals surviving bleaching events can acquire and host new types of algae from their environment, which may make the coral more heat-tolerant and enhance their recovery.

Cellphone principles help microfluidic chip digitize information on living cells
Phone calls and text messages reach you wherever you are because your phone has a unique identifying number that sets you apart from everybody else on the network.

Taking aspirin could increase cancer survival by 20 percent
Patients receiving cancer treatment could increase their chance of survival by up to 20 percent and help stop their cancer from spreading by taking a low dose of aspirin, new research suggests.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Improvements in NHS mental health care in England may have helped to reduce suicide rates
Increasing specialist community services like crisis resolution, helping make the transition to adult services smoother for young people, and implementing clinical guidelines are just some of the service changes that are linked to significantly reduced suicide rates in mental health services in England over the last 16 years, according to new research published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

Study finds genes linked to happiness, depression and neuroticism
A multi-institutional team has found genetic variants associated with our feelings of well-being, depression and neuroticism.

Induced earthquakes come under closer scrutiny at SSA Annual Meeting
On March 28, the US Geological Survey issued a one-year seismic forecast for the United States that for the first time includes ground-shaking hazards from both natural and human-induced earthquakes.

The importance of assessing weight control practices, eating behaviors, after bariatric surgery
Assessing certain weight control practices and eating behaviors after bariatric surgery can significantly influence the amount of weight loss after surgery, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

Ancient DNA reveals evolution of giant bears in the Americas
The work of University of Adelaide researchers is shedding new light on the evolution of what are believed to be the largest bears that ever walked the Earth.

Mice flown in space show nascent liver damage, says CU Anschutz researcher
In a discovery with implications for long-term spaceflight and future missions to Mars, a researcher at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus has found that mice flown aboard the space shuttle Atlantis returned to Earth with early signs of liver disease.

13-million-year-old 'storyteller' crocodylian fossils show evidence for parallel evolution
The 13-million-year-old fossils of an extinct crocodylian, named 'the storyteller,' suggest that South American and Indian species evolved separately to acquire protruding, 'telescoped' eyes for river-dwelling, according to a study published April 20, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi from the University de Montpellier, France, and colleagues.

Transfer of gut bacteria affects brain function and nerve fiber insulation
Specific combinations of gut bacteria produce substances that affect myelin content and cause social avoidance behaviors in mice.

International law fails to protect pregnant women in war zones, argue doctors
Deaths from violent conflict and lack of available care are major causes of mortality among pregnant women in war zones, warn doctors in an editorial published in The BMJ today.

Clinical score may help predict likelihood of bariatric surgery curing type 2 diabetes in patients
In a study published online by JAMA Surgery, Annemarie G.

Gene therapy pioneered at St. Jude shows early success against 'Bubble Boy' disease
Early results suggest novel gene therapy is safe and effective for treatment of inherited immune disease, according to St.

New studies highlight energy development's impact on birds
Ornithology journal The Condor: Ornithological Applications is publishing a special collection of open access articles highlighting the impact that energy development is having on North America's bird populations.

What causes the excess rate of death associated with alcohol use disorders?
To what degree does the excess rate of death in individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) happen because of a predisposition in the person who develops AUD compared with the direct effect of the AUD itself?

Screening young athletes to prevent sudden cardiac arrest not proven to save lives
Young athletes should not undergo screening to prevent sudden cardiac arrest because it is not proven to save lives, suggests an analysis of the available evidence published in The BMJ today.

Land grant university programs helped keep farmers on the farm
Federal cooperative extension programs have helped more than 137,000 farmers stay in business since 1985, according to economists.

Discovery of 13-million-year-old croc suggests parallel evolution of 'telescoping' eyes
Fossils of a 13-million-year-old extinct crocodilian from the Peruvian Amazon suggest that South American and Indian species evolved separately to acquire protruding, 'telescoped' eyes that helped the animals conceal their bodies underwater while scanning the river's edge.

Identifying a genetic mutation behind sporadic Parkinson's disease
Using a novel method, Whitehead Institute researchers have determined how mutations that are not located within genes are identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and can contribute to sporadic Parkinson's disease, the most common form of the condition.

Researchers discover moving, electrically 'silent' source initiates brain waves
A traveling spike generator appears to move across the hippocampus and change direction while generating brain waves.

Military sexual trauma associated with higher risk for veteran homelessness
The devastating consequences of sexual trauma in the military reported by 25 percent of female and 1 percent of male veterans who served in the US armed forces are associated with a much higher risk for homelessness.

Queensland Government funds UQ research to improve explosives detection
Making people safer from explosive devices is the aim of a University of Queensland research project awarded funding under a scheme supporting original research that will have positive impacts on Queensland.

Building a CRISPR rainbow
CRISPRainbow, a new technology using CRISPR/Cas9 developed by scientists at UMass Medical School, allows researchers to tag and track up to seven different genomic locations in live cells.

Online program reduces bullying behavior in schools, tests show
Behaviors that enable bullying -- a significant public health problem for adolescents -- were reduced among students who completed a new online anti-bullying program, according to a new study.

Physicists build 'electronic synapses' for neural networks
A team of scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have created prototypes of 'electronic synapses' based on ultra-thin films of hafnium oxide.

Military sexual trauma linked to higher risk of homelessness among veterans
US veterans who screened positive for sexual trauma in the military had a higher risk of postdeployment homelessness, with male veterans at greater risk than female veterans, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Where next for Zika virus?
A new global risk map reveals priority regions where authorities could intervene to control the vector mosquito population and where surveillance of the virus should be concentrated in order to improve rapid outbreak response and clinical diagnosis.

AACR: Targeting cancer with engineered T cells
Dr. Philip Greenberg, head of immunology and a member of the Clinical Research Division at Seattle's Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and a leader in cancer immunology, will describe at AACR 2016 how he and colleagues are genetically engineering T cells to seek out cancer cells, penetrate their defenses and kill them.

A targeted agent to mitigate sepsis
Researchers at the IBS Center for Vascular Health have developed a targeted therapy (ABTAA) for mitigating sepsis by strengthening as well as protecting blood vessels.

Detecting when the most common skin cancer turns dangerous
A team of researchers who specialize in treating cancers of the eye wanted to identified EZH2 as a marker for aggressive basal cell skin cancer.

Computers play a crucial role in preserving the Earth
Cornell University computer scientist, Carla Gomes, and an interdisciplinary team of programmers, theorists, applied mathematicians, economists, biologists and environmental scientists have helped create a new field, computational sustainability, addressing challenges that computer scientists have not traditionally handled.

Team builds first quantum cascade laser on silicon
A team of researchers from across the country, led by Alexander Spott, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA, have built the first quantum cascade laser on silicon.

Zip software can detect the quantum-classical boundary
A new technique to detect quantum behavior relies on a familiar tool: a 'zip' program you might have installed on your computer.

Targeted missiles against aggressive cancer cells
Targeted missiles that can enter cancer cells and deliver lethal cell toxins without harming surrounding healthy tissue.

Baboons watch neighbors for clues about food, but can end up in queues
Baboons learn about food locations socially through monitoring the behavior of those around them.

Researchers identify new functional biomarker for autism in boys
Researchers have developed a new method to map and track the function of brain circuits affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in boys using brain imaging.

Mystery solved: Traits identified for why certain chemicals reach toxic levels in food webs
Researchers have figured out what makes certain chemicals accumulate to toxic levels in aquatic food webs.

Seismic networks can be the backbone for 21st century firefighting
The same 21st century communications network used for real-time seismic monitoring in Nevada and parts of California can provide high-quality images to help first responders catch fires before they grow costly and dangerous, says Graham Kent, director of the Nevada Seismological Laboratory and professor in seismology at the University of Nevada, Reno.

Study finds explanation for some treatment-resistant breast cancers
The new study led by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center investigators has identified gene alterations that may explain why triple-negative breast cancer is resistant to most existing treatments, and suggests that a targeted therapy currently in clinical development may prove beneficial.

New material combines useful, typically incompatible properties
Most materials are capable of being only one thing at a time, but a team of engineers and physicists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have created an entirely new material in which completely contradictory properties can coexist.

Counseling in primary care clinics helps speed recovery for depressed teens
Depressed teenagers who received cognitive behavioral therapy in their primary care clinic recovered faster, and were also more likely to recover, than teens who did not receive the primary care-based counseling, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Pediatrics.

James R. Downing, M.D., of St. Jude, elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital president and CEO joins the 236th class of members, which includes national and international scholars, artists, philanthropists and leaders.

Muskoxen hair analysis shows diet suffers during snow-heavy Arctic winters
Analysis of hairs from muskoxen in the Arctic tundra indicates they had limited amounts of forage available and relied heavily on body stores during snow-heavy winters, according to a study published April 20, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jesper Bruun Mosbacher from the Arctic Research Centre at Aarhus University, Denmark, and colleagues.

Newly funded UQ project aims to help in managing Great Barrier Reef
New maps identifying sections of the Great Barrier where management actions are more likely to help maintaining the reef ecological integrity are expected to result from a State Government-funded fellowship to a University of Queensland researcher.

Mexican researchers observe natural insect control without pesticides
A new study suggests that natural control, also known as autonomous control, may offer an alternative to chemical insecticides if conditions are right.

Brain stem cell quiescence needs to be actively maintained in Drosophila
Biologists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany have discovered that the phases of quiescence in the Drosophila fruit fly central nervous system are controlled by the Hippo signaling pathway.

UMN researchers show 'dirty mice' could clean up immune system research
Scientists at the University of Minnesota have developed a new way to study mice that better mimics the immune system of adult humans and which could significantly improve ways to test potential therapeutics.

New role for immature brain neurons in the dentate gyrus identified
Researchers present data and a simple statistical network model that describe an unanticipated property of newly formed, immature neurons in the dentate gyrus.

Newly identified host defense mechanism protects cells from viral infection
A new study to understand why viral particles tend to accumulate in a specific location around a cell's nucleus in the first several hours after viral infection has shown this phenomenon to be a novel defense mechanism used by cells to block nuclear entry and limit the infection.

Strathclyde students launch environmental drone project
A drone fitted with a thermal camera to monitor buildings' energy efficiency is being developed by students at the University of Strathclyde.

Study establishes lung health response to cement dust exposure
Long-term exposure to cement dust at levels that are comparable to the present occupational exposure limits could cause a decline in lung volumes, according to a new study.

Well-managed warfarin therapy associated with low risk of complications in patients with atrial fibrillation
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Fredrik Björck, M.D., of Umea University, Umea, Sweden and colleagues evaluated the efficacy and safety of well-managed warfarin therapy in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to