Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 21, 2016
Hair analysis is a flawed forensic technique
Since 1989, 74 people who were convicted of serious crimes, in large part due to microscopic hair comparisons, were later exonerated by post-conviction DNA analysis.

Countering Islamic State requires a stronger US-coalition strategy
The current effort by the United States and its coalition partners is insufficient to achieve the lasting defeat of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Iraq and Syria, according to a new RAND report.

Children's Research Institute at UT Southwestern research garners Stand Up To Cancer grant
Dr. Hao Zhu, Assistant Professor of Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern, is one of 10 researchers in the nation to receive a Stand Up to Cancer grant to further his studies of a gene whose absence protects mice against liver cancer and promotes liver tissue regeneration in mammals.

Researchers find moderate vascular risk in southwest native population
In a newly published, pilot study in the journal Ethnicity & Disease, researchers report a relatively low prevalence of vascular risk among participants of the Southwest Heart Mind Study, especially among those treated for hypertension and hyperlipidemia despite overweight and obesity.

Preparations for a US west coast tsunami look to the past and future
Plans for managing tsunami risk on the West Coast are evolving, said scientists speaking at the Seismological Society of America's 2016 Annual Meeting, held April 20-22 in Reno, Nevada.

Wyss Institute's Donald Ingber elected to American Academy of Arts & Sciences
Wyss Institute Founding Director and Core Faculty member Donald E.

Teen moms and infant sleep: Mother doesn't always know best
Sudden unexpected infant death, which includes sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), is the leading cause of death in infants 1 month to 1 year of age in the United States.

The Lancet: Blood transfusions in high risk malaria zones could be made safer with new blood treatment technology
Patients, especially children, who undergo blood transfusions in sub-Saharan Africa are at high risk of transfusion-transmitted malaria.

New genetic risk factors for myopia discovered
Myopia, also known as short-sightedness or near-sightedness, is the most common disorder affecting the eyesight and it is on the increase.

New insights in how blood vessels increase their size
A new study from the group of Holger Gerhardt in collaboration with Katie Bentley's Lab addresses a long standing question in the wider field of developmental biology and tissue patterning in general, and in the vascular biology field in particular: 'What are the fundamental mechanisms controlling size and shape of tubular organ systems?'

How a macaque's brain knows it's swinging
Any organism with a brain needs to make decisions about how it's going to navigate through three-dimensional spaces.

Study points to how low-income, resource-poor communities can reduce substance abuse
Cocaine use has increased substantially among African Americans in some of the most underserved areas of the United States.

Girls more anxious about mathematics, STEM subjects compared to boys
Global studies have shown that women are underrepresented in some science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) subjects and fields.

New honorary doctors at Karolinska Institutet 2016
The Board of Research at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, has appointed three new honorary doctors -- Sir Richard Peto, Bob Langer and Alimuddin Zumla -- who will have their doctorates formally conferred at a ceremony in the Stockholm City Hall on May 13, 2016.

Researchers identify key factor for reprogramming adult cells into stem cells
In a new Cell Reports paper, a team led by John P.

Rex Griswold Foundation gives $50,000 to TGen for MSA research
The Rex Griswold Foundation granted $50,000 to the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) to further its scientific investigation into the cause and potential treatment of a rare nerve disorder known as Multiple System Atrophy (MSA).

Volcanoes tied to shifts in Earth's climate over millions of years
A new study in the April 22 edition of Science reveals that volcanic activity associated with the plate-tectonic movement of continents may be responsible for climatic shifts from hot to cold over tens and hundreds of millions of years throughout much of Earth's history.

NYU's Perlmutter Cancer Center & the Technion launch global cancer research initiative
Drug-carrying 'nanoghosts' that battle melanoma and new treatments for malignant mesothelioma will be the focus of the first joint research projects led by NYU Langone Medical Center and the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Amos intensifying
Tropical Cyclone 20P, now named Amos, has continued to organize and strengthen in the Southern Pacific and is now threatening Pago Pago.

Infectious outbreaks must be combatted strategically, Dartmouth-HHS experts argue
New funding is not enough to guarantee success against emerging infectious diseases around the world.

First Lancet global snapshot of indigenous peoples health released
A world-first University of Melbourne-led study into the health and wellbeing of more than 154 million indigenous and tribal people globally reveals the extent of work that needs to be done if the United Nations is to meet its 2030 goals of ending poverty and inequality.

Advanced 3-D imaging technique applied for the first time to deadly lung disease
Doctors and scientists at the University of Southampton have used advanced 3-D X-ray imaging technology to give new insight into the way an aggressive form of lung disease develops in the body.

Temporal cues help keep human looking human
Researchers used genetically modified bacteria as a model to help explain how a developing animal keeps all of its parts and organs in the same general proportions as every other member of its species.

Wellderly study suggests link between cognitive decline genes and healthy aging
An eight-year-long accrual and analysis of the whole genome sequences of healthy elderly people, or 'Wellderly,' has revealed a higher-than-normal presence of genetic variants offering protection from cognitive decline, researchers from the Scripps Translational Science Institute reported today in the journal Cell.

DNA proves mammoths mated beyond species boundaries
The latest research examining the DNA of North American mammoths challenges the way we categorize a species.

In child heart patients, a novel approach improves symptoms of hazardous lymph blockage
Pediatric researchers have devised an innovative, safe and minimally invasive procedure that helps relieve rare but potentially life-threatening airway blockages occurring in children who had surgery for congenital heart defects.

Menstruation in spaceflight: Options for astronauts
A new paper in the journal npj Microgravity explores the options for astronauts who want to prevent menstrual bleeding during their space missions.

Blood pressure targets for individuals with kidney disease should consider patients' age
Systolic blood pressure levels above 140 mmHg were linked with higher risks of coronary heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and death in patients with chronic kidney disease of all ages, but the magnitude of these associations diminished with more advanced age.

Immune cells in organ cavities play essential role in fast tissue repair: Study
While scientists have known for many years that there are cells living in the cavities surrounding various organs such as the heart, lung and liver, their function has remained unknown.

Longtime UH optometry professor selected Educator of the Year
Longtime College of Optometry faculty member and University of Houston administrator Roger L.

Powerful genetic regulator identified as risk factor for schizophrenia
By turning skin cells into brain neurons, researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have identified that certain tiny molecules aiding in gene expression, known as microRNAs (miRNAs), are under-expressed in the brains of the 14 schizophrenia patients they studied

Yale study suggests immune response to flu causes death in older people, not the virus
A new Yale-led study suggests that death from influenza virus in older people may be primarily caused by a damaging immune response to flu and not by the virus itself.

Overall stability analysis of improved buckling restrained braces
In this paper, a program was edited by the language of MATLAB based on theoretical model formulation of IBRBs and applied to the calculation of overall stability strength capacity.

A trick of the light may help diseased plants attract greenfly
The leaves of virus-infected plants reflect light differently to attract the attention of disease-spreading greenfly, new research suggests.

Critical immunotherapy target marks dysfunctional regulatory T cells in brain cancer
In this issue of JCI Insight, David Hafler and colleagues at Yale University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology report that PD-1 expression on regulatory T cells from the tumors of glioblastoma multiforme patients correlates with regulatory T cell dysfunction.

For American youth, rich-poor gap in life expectancy narrowing: Free
The life expectancy gap between America's rich and poor is shrinking for the young, a new study reports.

Chapman University to host 4th Annual Autism App Jam
Chapman University will host the fourth annual Autism App Jam on April 22 on its campus in Orange.

Can we hypercharge vaccines?
Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital report that a fatty chemical naturally found in damaged tissues can induce an unexpected kind of immune response, causing immune cells to go into a 'hyperactive' state that is highly effective at rallying infection-fighting T-cells.

Numerical simulations shed new light on early universe
Innovative multidisciplinary research in nuclear and particle physics and cosmology has led to the development of a new, more accurate computer code to study the early universe.

Does a parent's perception of their child's weight impact on child weight gain?
Researchers from the University of Liverpool and Florida State University College of Medicine have conducted a study on the effect the misperception of a child's weight by their parents can have on a child's actual weight.

First gene therapy successful against human aging
Elizabeth Parrish, CEO of Bioviva USA Inc. has become the first human being to be successfully rejuvenated by gene therapy, after her own company's experimental therapies reversed 20 years of normal telomere shortening.

Regenstrief, IU study finds machine learning as good as humans' in cancer surveillance
Machine learning has come of age in public health reporting.

UT Researchers find unique regulatory pattern that promotes essential cell function
Scientists and clinicians often encounter road blocks in designing specific treatments for diseases like cancer or developmental disorders because proteins that regulate cell functions through complex mechanisms are misunderstood.

Virtual opponents reveal fighting strategies of male jumping spiders
Jumping spiders are known for their excellent vision. This attribute may enable them to visually size up a potential opponent and decide whether to step away from a possible fight even before it starts.

Finding sleep's sweet spot
A new study shows that when it comes to promoting healthy hearts, it's not a matter of getting more sleep.

Island foxes may be 'least variable' of all wild animals
In comparison to their relatives on the mainland, the Channel Island foxes living on six of California's Channel Islands are dwarves, at two-thirds the size.

A picture is worth a thousand... Airbnb guests?
A new study finds that Airbnb hosts who are perceived to be more trustworthy based on their personal photos enjoy a price premium: the more trustworthy, the higher the price of the listing and the probability of its being chosen.

Cool combination produces easier carbon bonds
By combining two century-old techniques in organic chemistry, Syuzanna Harutyunyan is able to make organic compounds with greater ease and precision.

Wayne State student receives NIH fellowship to study stress-induced use of nicotine
Eric Woodcock, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences in Wayne State University's School of Medicine, has been awarded a two-year, $76,000 predoctoral fellowship from the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health for the project, 'Neuropharmacological investigation of frontostriatal network function and nicotine seeking behavior in current smokers.'

A winning face depends on the culture of the voter
A recent social psychology study shines a light on how cultural differences affect what voters judge and value most in the facial appearance of potential leaders.

Algorithm for robot teams handles moving obstacles
At the International Conference on Robotics and Automation in May, MIT researchers will present a new, decentralized planning algorithm for teams of robots that factors in not only stationary obstacles, but also moving obstacles.

Hubble sees a star 'inflating' a giant bubble
For the 26th birthday of NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers are highlighting a Hubble image of an enormous bubble being blown into space by a super-hot, massive star.

Inspirational managers may harm workers' health
Managers who inspire their staff to perform above and beyond the call of duty may actually harm their employees' health over time, according to researchers from the University of East Anglia.

Asleep somewhere new, one brain hemisphere keeps watch
Have trouble sleeping on your first night in a new place?

Mechanics of a heartbeat are controlled by molecular strut in heart muscle cells
Using high-resolution microscopy, researchers found that molecular struts called microtubules interact with the heart's contractile machinery to provide mechanical resistance for the beating of the heart, which could provide a better understanding of how microtubules affect the mechanics of the beating heart, and what happens when this goes awry.

Genomic analysis of finches identifies genetic locus associated with beak size
Nearly 200 years ago, based on observations of finches in the Galápagos Islands, Charles Darwin proposed that a species may diverge in traits when competing for resources, and now, supporting this concept, a new study identifies the genetic locus that controls changes in beak size of these finches.

New study looks at safety of outpatient hand and shoulder surgeries
A large study of hand and shoulder surgeries performed at a freestanding, outpatient center found few complications -- 0.2 percent in nearly 29,000 patients over an 11-year period.

Quantum Information Processing presents first Howard E. Brandt Best Paper Award
Quantum Information Processing has awarded the first annual Howard E.

Microscopic 'clocks' time distance to source of galactic cosmic rays
Most of the galactic cosmic rays reaching Earth come from nearby clusters of massive stars, according to new observations from NASA's ACE spacecraft.

Resolvin D1 ameliorates inflammatory arthritis in mouse model
A study in this issue of JCI Insight indicates that the lipid mediator resolvin D1 has anti-arthritic properties and should be further explored for treating rheumatoid arthritis.

Missed nursing care may contribute to racial disparities in rehospitalizations after AMI
Why are black older adults at higher risk of repeat hospital admission after a heart attack?

Leg-wing coordination may be key transition in origin of flight for baby birds, dinosaurs
Hi-res X-ray movies reveal that despite having extremely underdeveloped muscles and wings, young birds may acquire a mature flight stroke early in development by initially relying more on their legs and wings for power, according to a study published April 21, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE.

Problems finding your way around may be earliest sign of Alzheimer's disease
Long before Alzheimer's disease can be diagnosed clinically, increasing difficulties building cognitive maps of new surroundings may herald the eventual clinical onset of the disorder, finds new research from Washington University in St.

New development tool based on 'software quality information needs' and 3 case studies
Software takes over more and more aspects of life at both individual and community level.

Unhealthy ozone days could increase by more than a week in coming decades
If emission rates continue unchecked, regions of the United States could experience between three and nine additional days per year of unhealthy ozone levels by 2050, according to a new study from the Harvard John A.

USC study shows how skeletal stem cells form the blueprint of the face
Timing is everything when it comes to the development of the vertebrate face.

Discovery could lead to better asthma treatment
Scientists have made a discovery that could lead to improved treatment for asthma sufferers.

The Arctic is facing a decline in sea ice that might equal the negative record of 2012
Sea ice physicists from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, are anticipating that the sea ice cover in the Arctic Ocean this summer may shrink to the record low of 2012.

Surprising result in new study of marital status, gender, and frailty
The well-accepted association between marital status, health, and risk of functional impairment in older individuals is generally true, but a new study on frailty found unexpected, gender-specific differences.

Drug-overdose deaths hold steady in some high drug trafficking areas
Areas in the US with the highest drug-overdose death rates are not always places with high drug trafficking, according to a new University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis.

AGI awards diversity grants to geoscientists studying deep carbon
The American Geosciences Institute is pleased to announce the first seven recipients of the Deep Carbon Observatory Diversity Grants.

Increasing cases of anaphylaxis among children
Anaphylaxis, known to be a sudden and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction, seems to be increasing among children, according to a new study led by a team at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre.

UChicago, Evelo Biosciences sign licensing deal for microbiome-based cancer immunotherapy
Evelo Biosciences and the University of Chicago have announced that they have entered into an exclusive worldwide license agreement to develop and commercialize a microbiome-based cancer immunotherapy.

101st Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America comes to southern Florida
Environmental scientists will gather in Fort Lauderdale, Florida on Aug.

No increased risk of fatal CV events for breast cancer patients on newer hormone therapy
In a new study from Kaiser Permanente, researchers found the use of aromatase inhibitors, hormone-therapy drugs used to treat patients with breast cancer, was not associated with an increased risk of fatal cardiovascular events, including heart attacks or stroke, compared with tamoxifen, another commonly prescribed anti-cancer drug that works on hormones and which has been associated with a serious risk of stroke.

Evolution in action detected in Darwin's finches
The most characteristic feature of Darwin's finches is the diversification of beak morphology that has allowed these species to expand their utilization of food resources in the Galápagos archipelago.

Better data needed to stop sixth mass extinction
To prevent a new mass extinction of the world's animal and plant life, we need to understand the threats to biodiversity, where they occur and how quickly change is happening.

Prestigious distinction for poultry expert Michael Hess from Vetmeduni Vienna
The Robert Fraser Gordon Memorial Trust has chosen Michael Hess from Vetmeduni Vienna for this year's edition of the renowned Robert F.

Rituximab is superior to fingolimod for certain patients with multiple sclerosis
A new study indicates that rituximab is more effective than fingolimod for preventing relapses in patients with highly active multiple sclerosis switching from treatment with natalizumab.

New molecule-building method opens vast realm of chemistry for pharma and other industries
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have devised a new molecule-building method likely to have a major impact on the pharmaceutical industry and other chemistry-based enterprises.

Caught in the act: 3-D structure of an RNA-modifying protein determined in action
The structure of a bacterial RNA-binding protein has been determined in the act of modifying a molecule of RNA -- an achievement that provides researchers with a unique view of the protein's function in action and could lead to clues that would help in the fight against the development of antibiotic-resistant infections.

Review assesses published research on brain changes associated with autism
A recent review that examined all published studies on anatomical abnormalities in the brains of individuals with autism spectrum disorder found substantial discrepancy throughout the literature regarding the reported presence and significance of neuroanatomical findings.

The gates of serotonin: Cracking the workings of a notorious receptor
EPFL scientists have elucidated for the first time how a notoriously elusive serotonin receptor functions with atom-level detail.

Gene behind 'evolution in action' in Darwin's finches identified
Scientists from Princeton University and Uppsala University have identified a specific gene that within a year helped spur a permanent physical change in a finch species in response to a drought-induced food shortage.

Giant dinosaurs hatched with adult-like proportions
Analysis of a new dinosaur fossil suggests that the largest species ever known to walk the Earth was born with adult-like proportions, perhaps allowing it to be more independent than some other species of dinosaur.

Nearby supernova ashes continue to rain on Earth
Traces of 60Fe detected in space indicate that a nearby supernova occurred within the last few million years.

How immunity to RSV develops in childhood but deteriorates in adults
The leading infectious cause of severe infant respiratory disease, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is also a major cause of respiratory illness in the elderly.

Study shows how to make fertilizer from sunlight
A group of scientists led by the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden and involving the University of Colorado Boulder has developed a new, eco-friendly method to produce ammonia, the main ingredient of fertilizer, using light.

Crayfish may help restore dirty streams, Stroud study finds
While macroinvertebrates are a tasty food source for crayfish, a new study reveals a surprising finding: when crayfish were present in in-stream experimental enclosures, macroinvertebrate density was higher, not lower.

UM study links neighborhood greenness to reduction in chronic diseases
University of Miami public health researchers just published a study showing that higher levels of greenness (trees, park space and other vegetation) in neighborhoods is linked with significantly lower chronic illnesses, diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol.

UF Health researchers develop unique model for studying ALS
University of Florida Health researchers have developed a unique mouse model that will allow researchers around the world to better study the genetic origins and potential treatments for a neurodegenerative brain disease that causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, often referred to as ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease, and frontotemporal dementia.

A $5,000 idea blossomed into a $300,000 algae research and innovation accelerator
A one-stop shopping facility for algal research and development, the Maine Algal Research and Innovation Accelerator, MARIA, will be constructed on the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences campus in East Boothbay this spring.

FAU site for first US clinical trial for Lewy Body dementia
There are currently no medications available to specifically treat Lewy Body dementia, and patients are typically treated with medications for Alzheimer's disease.

Young adult survivors of childhood cancer report feeling middle-aged
Do survivors of childhood cancer return to normal health as they grow up?

Paleontologists find first fossil monkey in North America -- but how did it get here?
Seven tiny teeth tell the story of an ancient monkey that made a 100-mile ocean crossing between North and South America into modern-day Panama -- the first fossil evidence for the existence of monkeys in North America.

Advances in extracting uranium from seawater announced in special issue
The oceans hold more than four billion tons of uranium--enough to meet global energy needs for the next 10,000 years if only we could capture the element from seawater to fuel nuclear power plants.

UM-NSU Center for Autism and Related Disabilities joins launch of SPARK
Researchers from the University of Miami - Nova Southeastern University Center for Autism and Related Disabilities (UM-NSU CARD) within the University of Miami (UM) Department of Psychology in Coral Gables, FL, today helped launch SPARK, an online research initiative designed to become the largest autism study ever undertaken in the United States.

Researchers identify new mechanism to target 'undruggable' cancer gene
RAS genes are mutated in more than 30 percent of human cancers and represent one of the most sought-after cancer targets for drug developers.

2+1 is not always 3
If a person pushes a broken-down car alone, there is a certain effect.

Mortality rates improve among kids and young adults in the US, especially in poor counties
Death rates have declined among children and young adults in the poorest counties in the United States, according to the study published in Science.

US national forests and grasslands could yield less water in future climate
A warmer climate may lead to higher growth and productivity on US national forests and grasslands, but university and US Forest Service researchers say this could reduce quantities of freshwater flowing from most of these lands, even with increases in precipitation.

Tighter enforcement along the US-Mexico border backfired, researchers find
The rapid escalation of border enforcement over the past three decades has backfired as a strategy to control undocumented immigration between Mexico and the United States, according to new research that suggests further militarization of the border is a waste of money.

Outwitting poachers with artificial intelligence
Human patrols serve as the most direct form of protection of endangered animals, especially in large national parks.

Leg-wing cooperation in baby birds, dinosaurs is key transition in origin of flight
New research based on high-resolution x-ray movies reveals that despite having extremely underdeveloped muscles and wings, young birds acquire a mature flight stroke early in their development, initially relying heavily on their legs and wings to work in tandem to power the strenuous movement.

Fungi must die
Research scientists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University demonstrated how it is possible to suppress the resistance of fungi to antifungal drugs.

Can changes to your diet help you sleep better?
A review of 21 studies that analyzed the effectiveness of modifying nutritional intake as a treatment for improving sleep found mixed results, as reported in the article 'Systematic Review of Dietary Interventions Targeting Sleep Behavior' in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

No risk association observed for anthracycline chemotherapy, cognitive decline
New data analyses found no association between anthracycline chemotherapy and greater risk of cognitive decline in breast cancer survivors, according to an article published online by JAMA Oncology.

Microscopic 'timers' reveal likely source of galactic space radiation
Most of the cosmic rays that we detect at Earth originated relatively recently in nearby clusters of massive stars, according to new results from NASA's Advanced Composition Explorer spacecraft.

Columbia Engineering-led team advances single molecule electronic DNA sequencing
Columbia Engineering-led team reports achieving real-time single molecule electronic DNA sequencing at single-base resolution using a protein nanopore array.

Higher muscle mass associated with lower mortality risk in heart disease patients
Research finds that cardiovascular disease patients who have high muscle mass and low fat mass have a lower mortality risk than those with other body compositions.

New study shows electronic health records often capture incomplete mental health data
This study compares information available in a typical electronic health record (EHR) with data from insurance claims, focusing on diagnoses, visits, and hospital care for depression and bipolar disorder.

The importance of resting phases in B cell development
Everyone preparing for the London Marathon likely knows that to perform their best during the event, they need to rest up now.

Mechanism behind plant withering clarified
A research team at Kobe University have reproduced the reaction in which harmful reactive oxygen species are created during plant photosynthesis, and clarified a mechanism behind plant withering.

Reducing infectious malaria parasites in donated blood could help prevent transmission
A technique for reducing the number of infectious malaria parasites in whole blood could significantly reduce the number of cases of transmission of malaria through blood transfusion, according to a collaboration between researchers in Cambridge, UK, and Kumasi, Ghana.

Bourbon or rye? You can't tell the difference, new study says
When asked to sort American whiskeys, consumers were more influenced by alcohol content, age at bottling and product brand, a Drexel University food scientist found.

Satellite project to protect ecosystems will monitor Kenya's forests in near real-time
University of Leicester researchers will visit Kenya from April 25-29 to start a new climate change initiative.

Murine models of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy benefit from GSK3β inhibition
In this issue of JCI Insight, investigators led by Jeffrey Saffitz of Harvard Medical School and Daniel Judge of John's Hopkins School of Medicine show that the GSK3β inhibitor SB2 benefits two murine models of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy.

New research shows how different strains of bed bugs resist insecticides
In a new paper published in the Journal of Economic Entomology, Australian scientists describe how bed bugs are able to resist pyrethroid insecticides via metabolic detoxification, the process by which bed bugs break down insecticides.

Numerical simulations shed new light on early universe
Innovative multidisciplinary research in nuclear and particle physics and cosmology has led to the development of a new, more accurate computer code to study the early universe.

Kennedy Krieger Institute joins launch of SPARK, nation's largest autism research study
Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, Md., today helped launch SPARK, an online research initiative designed to become the largest autism study ever undertaken in the United States.

New neurodevelopmental syndrome identified
Columbia University researchers discovered a new neurodevelopmental syndrome and the genetic mutation that causes it.

Need to remember something? Better draw it, study finds
Researchers at the University of Waterloo have found that drawing pictures of information that needs to be remembered is a strong and reliable strategy to enhance memory.

Confused cells lead to genetic disorders like heart problems, premature aging
It has been disorienting to the scientific and medical community as to why different subtle changes in a protein-coding gene causes many different genetic disorders in different patients -- including premature aging, nerve problems, heart problems and muscle problems. no other gene works like this.

Edible coatings able to extend the shelf-life of fish and seafood products
Ximena Carrión Granda, a Food Engineering graduate from Ecuador, has developed edible coatings containing natural substances with antimicrobial properties in order to extend the shelf-life of fish and seafood products by two to four days due to the reduction of the growth rate of the spoilage microorganisms.

USU chemists shed new light on global energy, food supply challenge
Utah State University, NREL, University of Colorado and Montana State announce light-driven process to convert dinitrogen to ammonia.

Fossil teeth suggest that seeds saved bird ancestors from extinction
When the dinosaurs became extinct, plenty of small bird-like dinosaurs disappeared along with giants like Tyrannosaurus and Triceratops.

Test aims to identify shale gas hazard in groundwater
A test has been developed to check for contamination of shallow groundwater from unconventional gas extraction techniques, such as fracking.

Bakery switches to propane vans
A switch to propane from diesel by a major Midwest bakery fleet showed promising results, including a significant displacement of petroleum, a drop in greenhouse gases and a fuel cost savings of 7 cents per mile, according to a study recently completed by the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.

Hubble captures birthday bubble
This new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image, released to celebrate Hubble's 26th year in orbit, captures in stunning clarity what looks like a gigantic cosmic soap bubble.

The cell copying machine: How daughters look like their mothers
Tiny structures in our cells, called centrioles, control both cell division and motility.

Three-dimensional imaging of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
In this issue of JCI Insight, Mark Jones and colleagues at the University of Southampton in Southampton, UK, used a micro-computed tomography method to create three-dimensional images of fibroblastic foci from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

1.5 C vs 2 C global warming: New study shows why half a degree matters
European researchers found substantially different climate change impacts for global warming of 1.5°C and 2°C by 2100, the two temperature limits of the Paris climate agreement.

Study finds lack of uniformity on laws protecting child witnesses
Each year, more than 100,000 children take the stand to testify in criminal, civil or juvenile courts, but legal protections for these underage witnesses and victims greatly vary from state to state.

VCU Massey researchers uncover process that drives prostate cancer metastasis
Researchers at VCU Massey Cancer Center have uncovered a novel function of the gene PLK1 (polo-like kinase 1) that helps prostate cancer cells metastasize (spread) to other parts of the body.

HIV infection prematurely ages humans by an average of 5 years
Thanks to combination antiretroviral therapy, many people with HIV can be expected to live decades after being infected.

Paleontologists find North America's oldest monkey fossil along Panama Canal
Iowa State's Aaron Wood found a tiny, black-colored fossil tooth in 2012 when he was a postdoctoral research associate for the Florida Museum of Natural History.

Bird genomes contain 'fossils' of parasites that now infect humans
In rare instances, DNA is known to have jumped from one species to another.

Plant signals travel different routes to turn on defense
Faced with a pathogen, important signaling chemicals within plant cells travel different routes to inform the plant to turn on its defense mechanisms, according to a recent University of Kentucky study.

Identification of therapeutic targets in multiple myeloma
In this issue of JCI Insight, Yoichi Imai and colleagues at Tokyo Women's Medical University in Tokyo, Japan, demonstrate that multiple myeloma cells express high levels of the protein phosphatase PPP3CA, a subunit of the signaling protein calcineurin, which can be targeted by the drug FK506.

The big question of 'how physics makes us free'
In her book, University of Arizona philosopher Jenann Ismael tries to describe what it means to be free and to break down the arguments that attempt to establish that it is impossible.

4/26 Workshop on COAs in Cancer Clinical Trials
'Workshop on Clinical Outcome Assessments (COAs) in Cancer Clinical Trials' on Tuesday, April 26, will provide a forum for collaborative, multidisciplinary discussion of best practices for the use of PRO measures in oncology drug development.

Cleaning up hybrid battery electrodes improves capacity and lifespan
Hybrid batteries that charge faster than conventional ones could have significantly better electrical capacity and long-term stability when prepared with a gentle-sounding way of making electrodes.

Water color and phytoplankton growth in the Gulf of Maine are changing
Researchers from Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences and the US Geological Survey found that the amount of dissolved organic carbon from rivers emptying into the Gulf of Maine has increased over the last 80 years, a trend they predict will continue through 2100 if annual precipitation continues to increase.

The atom without properties
The microscopic world is governed by the rules of quantum mechanics, where the properties of a particle can be completely undetermined and yet strongly correlated with those of other particles.

Plastic below the ocean surface
Current measurement methods skim the surface of the ocean while computer modeling shows ocean turbulence may force plastics far below the surface despite their buoyancy.

This is why you feel groggy after sleeping in a new place
When people sleep in an unfamiliar place for the first time -- a hotel room, for example -- they often feel as though they haven't slept as well.

Paperbark tree to unlock climate change
Synonymous with the Australian landscape, the paperbark tree is most recognized for its distinctive bark, but it is the leaves that have found themselves at the center of research which could provide crucial insights into climate change.

Facial grading systems for patients with facial paralysis
When patients have facial paralysis, many rehabilitation specialists and facial reanimation surgeons use the time-tested Sunnybrook Facial Grading System (FGS) to measure and look for changes in facial function.

Gender stereotyping may start as young as 3 months -- study of babies' cries shows
Gender stereotyping may start as young as three months, according to a study of babies' cries from the University of Sussex.

NASA sees changes in Tropical Cyclone Fantala
Once a powerful Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale, Tropical Cyclone Fantala continues to move north of Madagascar on April 21. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to