Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 25, 2016
Researchers provide guidance on criteria to identify endocrine disruptors in the context of European legislation
The European Commission is legally required to provide criteria identifying Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs), a process that has been blocked for almost three years, allegedly because of a lack of scientific consensus and because an impact assessment study was deemed necessary.

How and why single cell organisms evolved into multicellular life
The genome sequencing of the algae, Gonium pectorale, provides valuable clues into how and why single cells live together in groups -- one of the earliest steps on the path to a multicellular existence.

Pre-surgical exposure to blue light reduces organ damage in mice
A 24-hour exposure to bright blue light before surgery reduces inflammation and organ damage at the cellular level in a mouse model, according to new research from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Critically endangered and ancient Himalayan wolf needs global conservation attention
Although the Himalayan wolf is visibly distinct from its European cousin, its current distribution has mostly been a matter of assumption, rather than evident truth.

For some cancers, risk lower among kids of non-US-born Hispanic mothers
The children of Hispanic mothers not born in the United States appeared to have a lower risk for some types of childhood cancers, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Brain signals between seizures may explain memory problems in patients with epilepsy
Brain cells in epileptic patients send signals that make 'empty memories,' perhaps explaining the learning problems faced by up to 40 percent of patients.

Role of animals in mitigating climate change varies across tropical forests
Large animals play a key role in mitigating climate change in tropical forests across the world by spreading the seeds of large trees that have a high capacity to store carbon, new research co-led by the University of Leeds has said.

How Vibrio cholerae is attracted by bile revealed
A group of researchers from Osaka University, Hosei University, and Nagoya University have revealed the molecular mechanism that Vibrio cholerae, the etiological agent of cholera, is attracted by bile.

Soy shows promise as natural anti-microbial agent: Study
Soy isoflavones and peptides may inhibit the growth of microbial pathogens that cause food-borne illnesses, according to a new study from University of Guelph researchers.

Nurturing during preschool years boosts child's brain growth
Children whose mothers were nurturing during the preschool years, as opposed to later in childhood, have more robust growth in brain structures associated with learning, memory and stress response than children with less supportive moms, according to research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

New structure identified in membrane of disease-causing bacteria
Mycobacteria cause a number of dangerous, difficult-to-treat diseases including leprosy and tuberculosis, and progress has been slow in eradicating them.

Flipping a chemical switch helps perovskite solar cells beat the heat
A simple chemical conversion could be another step toward making cheap, efficient and stable perovskite solar cells.

20 year-old puzzle solved through genetic advances
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have identified a specific gene that plays a key role in an inherited eye disorder.

Change in the brain: Astrocytes finally getting the recognition they deserve
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have demonstrated that astrocytes help control the strength of connections between neurons.

Providing guidance on criteria for endocrine disruptor legislation in Europe
A group of seven independent researchers from universities and research institutions from Europe and the United States, including Thomas Zoeller, professor of biology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, believe they have paved the way to end a nearly three-year-long stalemate over legal requirements by the European Commission to provide criteria identifying endocrine-disrupting chemicals and put to rest claims of a lack of consensus on the issue among scientists.

Effort to detect, isolate asymptomatic C. difficile carriers linked to lower incidence
An intervention at a Canadian acute care facility to screen and isolate asymptomatic Clostridium difficile carriers was associated with decreased incidence of healthcare-associated C. difficile infection, a finding that needs to be confirmed in additional studies, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Research opens new treatment strategies for specific form of psoriasis
Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease that is characterized by patches of abnormal and inflamed skin.

Hearing aid use is associated with improved cognitive function in hearing-impaired elderly
A study conducted by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center found that older adults who used a hearing aid performed significantly better on cognitive tests than those who did not use a hearing aid, despite having poorer hearing.

The first happiness genes have been located
For the first time in history, researchers have isolated the parts of the human genome that could explain the differences in how humans experience happiness.

Innovation making waves pulling water from air
Researchers at Simon Fraser University are developing a sustainable solution to the global water shortage by more efficiently generating drinkable water from the atmosphere.

Rare Earth atoms see the light
Dirk Bouwmeester and colleagues discover a promising new route for combined optical and solid-state-based quantum information

Probiotics protect mice from estrogen deficiency-related bone loss
In this month's issue of the JCI, a research team led by Roberto Pacifici at Emory University demonstrates a link between gut bacteria and the bone loss induced by estrogen deficiency.

Atrophosclerodermic manifestations of lyme borreliosis
This review summarizes the literature on scleratrophic skin lesions as a manifestation of a Borrelia infection.

Pre-pregnancy obesity increases odds of having overweight children
A new Kaiser Permanente study, published in Pediatric Obesity, found that pre-pregnancy obesity and excessive weight gain during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of the child becoming overweight at age 2.

Scientists propose non-animal tools for assessing the toxicity of nanomaterials
Washington -A workshop organized last year by the PETA International Science Consortium Ltd has resulted in an article published today in the journal Particle and Fibre Toxicology.

Transplanted liver cells protect against liver failure after massive hepatectomy surgery
Because liver failure often occurs after an extensive hepatectomy, researchers using animal models investigated safer ways to transplant liver cells post-extensive hepatectomy found that rather than transplanting cells into the liver portal vein, transplantation into an extra-hepatic site, such as the intra-mesentery, a fold of membranous tissue on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity attached to the intestinal tract, can help protect against post-operative liver failure and aid in survival of the remaining liver.

Infants who ate rice, rice products had higher urinary concentrations of arsenic
Although rice and rice products are typical first foods for infants, a new study found that infants who ate rice and rice products had higher urinary arsenic concentrations than those who did not consume any type of rice, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Ties to Alaska's wild plants
A new series of ethnobotany films produced by the University of Alaska Museum of the North explores traditional Alaskan indigenous uses of wild plants for food, medicine and construction materials.

Why is visceral fat worse than subcutaneous fat?
Researchers have long-known that visceral fat -- the kind that wraps around the internal organs -- is more dangerous than subcutaneous fat that lies just under the skin around the belly, thighs and rear.

Music improves baby brain responses to music and speech
New research from the University of Washington shows that play sessions with music improved babies' brain processing of both music and new speech sounds.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine receives $3.6 million NIH grant to investigate potential cause of Alzheimer's disease
Luciano D'Adamio, M.D., Ph.D., professor of microbiology & immunology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, has received a five-year, $3.6-million grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue his research into how APP is processed in the brain.

Altered primary chromatin structures and their implications in cancer development
In this review Angelo Ferraro of Kazan Federal University focuses on recently published work dealing with alterations in the primary structure of chromatin resulting from imprecise arrangements of nucleosomes along DNA, and its functional implications for cancer development.

Revolutionary antibiotics will save the world
An international team of including the Lomonosov Moscow State University researchers discovered which enzyme enables Escherichia coli bacterium to breathe.

Economic concerns drive sustainability in American cities and towns
While environmental issues are often cited as a major factor in cities and towns in pursuing sustainability, a new study shows that economic concerns can be just as important to local governments in adopting concrete sustainability plans.

Even low levels of air pollution appear to affect children's lung health
According to new research led by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center pulmonologist and critical care physician Mary B.

Do bed bugs have favorite colors?
New research shows that bed bugs generally prefer hiding spots that are red or black, but their preferences change according to age, sex, and other factors.

Patient attitudes to diabetic foot ulcers have 'significant effect' on survival
New research by health psychologists has shown that the beliefs and expectations of people with diabetic foot ulcers about their illness have a significant independent effect on their survival.

ACP participates in Campaign for Sustainable Rx Pricing event
The American College of Physicians today said that prices for many prescriptions are rising so fast and so high that patients can no longer afford them.

Common steroid shows promise in healing damaged newborn lungs
Research from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago conducted in mice shows the drug hydrocortisone -- a steroid commonly used to treat a variety of inflammatory and allergic conditions -- can also prevent lung damage that often develops in premature babies treated with oxygen.

Do successful leaders produce more successful leaders?
Craig Crossland, a professor of management in the University of Notre Dame's Mendoza College of Business, and his colleagues studied the NFL to determine if the so-called 'acolyte effect' that makes protégés of successful head coaches successful in turn is real.

Vitamin D insufficiency, low rate of DNA methylation in black teens may increase disease risk
Low levels of vitamin D in black teens correlates with low activity of a major mechanism for controlling gene expression that may increase their risk of cancer and other disease, researchers report.

Study shows attitude makes a champion
In their search for the optimal path to greatness, some athletes believe that the path should be clear of all obstacles, while others say that such challenges are instrumental to talent development.

GI problems in autism may originate in genes, study suggests
Columbia University researchers have found evidence in mice that, for some types of autism, gastrointestinal problems may originate from the same genetic changes that lead to the behavioral and social characteristics of the condition.

Do fish survive in streams in winter?
Most stream-resident fish stay throughout winter despite the ice. This has been shown by Christine Weber, previous researcher at Umeå University, by tagging trout and sculpins with transponders to follow fish migration.

Controlling RNA in living cells
MIT researchers have developed a system of modular proteins can be used to track or manipulate RNA inside living cells.

Online HIV prevention resources face resistance from black female college students
New research from North Carolina State University and Pennsylvania State University finds that black female college students were often unlikely to use online resources related to HIV prevention, due to the stigma associated with the disease and concerns that their social network would learn they were accessing HIV-related materials.

Relapses of childhood leukemia improve with high doses of common chemo drug
With a cure rate approaching 90 percent, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is often hailed as one of the 'success stories' of modern cancer treatment.

Chronic inflammation leads to imbalanced blood system and potentially cancer risk
A study in Nature Cell Biology shows that chronic exposure to interleukin-1 causes HSCs to produce cells needed to fight infection and repair injury, but at the expense of their own ability to self-renew and maintain a healthy blood system.

Patterns of glowing sharks get clearer with depth
A team of researchers has found that catsharks are not only able to see the bright green biofluorescence they produce, but that they increase contrast of their glowing pattern when deep underwater.

New gene-detecting technology brings new, resilient superwheat closer
Scientists at the John Innes Centre and The Sainsbury Laboratory have pioneered a new gene-detecting technology which, if deployed correctly could lead to the creation of a new elite variety of wheat with durable resistance to disease.

New technique accelerates isolation of potato late blight resistance genes
A team of scientists from The Sainsbury Laboratory and The Genome Analysis Centre have developed a new method to accelerate isolation of plant disease resistance genes.

Key mechanism identified in brain tumor growth
A gene known as OSMR plays a key role in driving the growth of glioblastoma tumors, according to a new study led by a McGill University researcher and published in the journal Nature Neuroscience.

Gut feeling: ONR research examines link between stomach bacteria, PTSD
Could bacteria in your gut be used to cure or prevent neurological conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety or even depression?

Changes in 'microbiome' during canine atopic dermatitis could lead to antibiotic-free therapies for human and canine disease
How atopic dermatitis (AD) arises isn't yet fully understood, but a new study from researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Penn's School of Veterinary Medicine, have uncovered important insights about the association of AD in dogs compared to humans.

What scientists know -- and don't know -- about sexual orientation
Over the last 50 years, political rights for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals have significantly broadened in some countries, while they have narrowed in others.

National clinical database to help reduce number of miscarriages
A new national database could help relieve the misery of miscarriage for thousands of women.

New study finds laundry detergent packets more dangerous than other types of detergent
Exposure to laundry detergent packets is more dangerous to young children than exposure to other types of laundry and dishwasher detergent.The study found that from January 2013 through December 2014 Poison Control Centers in the US received 62,254 calls related to laundry and dishwasher detergent exposures among children younger than 6 years old.

Framing discourse around conservative values shifts climate change attitudes
Conservatives' attitudes toward climate change and other environmental concerns shift when the issues are reframed in terms more closely aligned with their values, a new study from Oregon State University indicates.

Increased odds of ADHD for kids with some types of vision problems
Children with vision problems not correctable with glasses or contact lenses may be twice as likely to have a diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), suggests a study in the May issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

Study finds no change in antibody levels associated with food allergy
A new study using 5,000 stored blood samples found no increase in the presence of food-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) -- a blood marker associated with food allergy -- in children's blood between the 1980s and the 2000s.

Algae disrupt coral reefs' recycling
A new study led by researchers at San Diego State University and published today in the journal Nature Microbiology explores how a process known as 'microbialization' destroys links in coral reefs' delicate food chain.

Are money problems and violence related?
University of Iowa researchers find an association between financials stress and severe domestic abuse, but the discovery doesn't prove one leads to the other.

The United States absorbed carbon dioxide despite a drought
Researchers have shown that the warm spring of 2012 in the US caused plants to absorb more carbon, thereby compensating for reductions during the subsequent summer drought.

The reliability of material simulations put to test
Researchers show that new generations of quantum mechanical simulation codes agree better than earlier generations.' The study appears in Science.

New understanding of enzymes could help to develop new drugs to treat diseases
University of Leicester researchers shed light on the role of inositol phosphate molecules in gene regulatory complexes.

Conservation alliance to focus on Peruvian Amazon deforestation
The Amazon Center for Environmental Research and Sustainability will serve as an international hub for Peruvian and foreign scientists and affiliates to collaborate on critical priorities in Madre de Dios -- restoration and reforestation, the reduction of human health threats from environmental mercury, detection of deforestation threats, and sustainability.

Birth defects, pregnancy terminations and miscarriages in users of acne drug
Canada's program that aims to prevent pregnancy in women who use the powerful acne drug isotretinoin (Accutane) is not effective, found a new study in CMAJ.

The female pelvis adjusts for childbearing years
Mother Nature has the answer: With the onset of puberty, the female pelvis expands; with the onset of menopause, it contracts again.

How researchers teach bacteria new behaviors
Researchers working in the field of synthetic biology use components that occur in nature and combine them in a new way.

Vaccinations are more effective when administered in the morning
New research has shown that flu vaccinations are more effective when administered in the morning.

Ancient marine sediments provide clues to future climate change
Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration was the major driver behind the global climatic shifts that occurred between 53 and 34 million years ago, according to new research led by the University of Southampton.

CO2 fertilization greening the earth
An international team of 32 authors from 24 institutions in eight countries has published a study titled 'Greening of the Earth and its Drivers' in the journal Nature Climate Change showing significant greening of a quarter to one-half of the Earth's vegetated lands using data from the NASA-MODIS and NOAA-AVHRR satellite sensors of the past 33 years.

Tracing the ancestry of dung beetles
One of the largest and most important groups of dung beetles in the world evolved from a single common ancestor and relationships among the various lineages are now known, according to new research by entomologist Dr T.

HIV PrEP currently too pricey to use in people who inject drugs
HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has individual and population health benefits, but the intervention is currently too expensive to implement in people who inject drugs.

Microbial cooperation in the intestine
Brigham and Women's Hospital investigators, in collaboration with colleagues at Boston Children's Hospital, report on a rare example of cooperation between different species of bacteria in the intestine.

Dr. Ming Zhou, featured speaker in Solute Carrier Proteins symposium at the NY Academy of Sciences
Dr. Ming Zhou, the Ruth McLean Bowman Bowers Professor in the Verna and Marrs McLean department biochemistry and molecular biology at Baylor College of Medicine, is a featured speaker in the upcoming symposium 'Solute Carrier Proteins: Unlocking the Gene-Family for Effective Therapies.'

Scientists advance disease resistance in 3 of world's most important crops
Novel disease resistance to wheat stem rust, Asian soybean rust, and potato late blight has been isolated from crop relatives and found to confer resistance when transferred into wheat, soybean, and potato.

Physicists detect the enigmatic spin momentum of light
A group from RIKEN, the University of Bristol, and other institutions have used an extremely precise technique to experimentally verify that light does in fact exert the extraordinary perpendicular force, which is determined by the polarization of the light.

Care disparities for Hispanic Medicare Advantage enrollees in Puerto Rico
Hispanic Medicare Advantage enrollees on the US island territory of Puerto Rico received worse care compared with Hispanics in the United States (the 50 states and Washington, D.C.), according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Socially meaningful sounds can change ear, improve hearing, study finds
Hearing socially meaningful sounds can change the ear and enable it to better detect those sounds, according to researchers at Georgia State University who studied the phenomenon in green treefrogs.

Salk scientists uncover how a cell's 'fuel gauge' promotes healthy development
Unexpected link between cellular metabolic and recycling processes points to new cancer therapies.

Attending US charter schools may lead to higher earnings in the future
A new study suggests that charter school students are more likely to do well at college and earn significantly more than their counterparts at other schools.

The light stuff: A brand-new way to produce electron spin currents
Publishing in Nature Physics April 25, Colorado State University scientists are the first to demonstrate using non-polarized light to produce in a metal what's called a spin voltage -- a unit of power produced from the quantum spinning of an individual electron.

Researchers discover fate of melting glacial ice in Greenland
A team of researchers led by faculty at the University of Georgia has discovered the fate of much of the freshwater that pours into the surrounding oceans as the Greenland ice sheet melts every summer.

Climate change threatens Iran's great salt lake
Climate change is likely to worsen the situation of the drought-stricken hypersaline Lake Urmia in Iran, even in the most optimistic climate change scenario and without any further human impact.

Environmental impacts of demand-side technologies and strategies for carbon mitigation
In a special issue, Yale's Journal of Industrial Ecology, in collaboration with International Resource Panel of the United Nations Environment Programme, aims to advance our understanding of life cycle environmental and natural resource implications of energy efficiency technologies.

Nocebo response, social observation, body-related cognitive styles published by DovePress
Recently, it has been shown that Nocebo hyperalgesia can be acquired through observational learning.

Videogame addiction linked to ADHD
Young and single men are at risk of being addicted to video games.

NASA awards student-led team to develop lightning gamma-ray instrument
NASA has awarded a Louisiana Space Grant Consortium, or LaSPACE, research team at LSU a grant to develop an instrument that would fly into a thunderstorm to measure how lightning can produce high energy gamma-rays.

New database for sharing MS clinical trial data
The Multiple Sclerosis Outcome Assessments Consortium (MSOAC), a global effort of the National MS Society and Critical Path Institute (C-Path), is launching a database, accessible to qualified researchers, containing trial data from nearly 2,500 patients from the placebo arms of nine MS clinical trials.

Head impacts from season of high school football produce measurable change in brain cells
Repeated impacts to the heads of high school football players cause measurable changes in their brains, even when no concussion occurs, according to research from UT Southwestern Medical Center's Peter O'Donnell Jr.

Dopamine neurons have a role in movement, new study finds
Princeton University researchers have found that dopamine -- a brain chemical involved in learning, motivation and many other functions -- also has a direct role in representing or encoding movement.

Study identifies compound that reverses symptoms of Alzheimer's, Parkinson's
A new study describes an innovative strategy that reverses symptoms in these Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease -- at least in fruit flies which had been genetically altered to model the diseases.

Missing links brewed in primordial puddles?
The crucibles that bore out building blocks of life may have been, in many cases, not fiery cataclysms, but modest puddles.

Folding molecules into screw-shaped structures
An international research team describes the methods of winding up molecules into screw-shaped structures.

World-class oral presentations featured at ARRS 2016 Annual Meeting
Oral presentations delivered by some of the world's most renowned researchers and radiologists were among the highlights of the ARRS 2016 Annual Meeting recently in Los Angeles.

New spin Seebeck thermoelectric device with higher conversion efficiency created
A thermoelectric (TE) device using cutting edge thermoelectric conversion technology has been created by a team comprising NEC Corporation, NEC TOKIN Corporation and Tohoku University.

Medical literature may overemphasize role of hospital volume in patient outcomes
Current medical research and literature may be overemphasizing the role that hospital volume plays in patient outcomes, according to a study by researchers at Rice University.

Stark Medicare Advantage disparities present in Puerto Rico
A study in JAMA Internal Medicine reports wide disparities in the quality of care for Medicare Advantage plan holders in Puerto Rico compared to those in the 50 states.

Changing climate conditions in Michigan pose an emerging public health threat
Changing climate conditions -- including warmer temperatures and an increased frequency of heavy rainstorms -- represent 'an emerging threat to public health in Michigan,' according to a new report from university researchers and state health officials.

Expand HPV vaccination programs in Canada to include males
Expanding human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programs to include males in Canada will help protect them against HPV-related cancers, according to an analysis published in CMAJ.

€2.4 million for making embedded software safe, customizable, and open source
Microcomputers are 'embedded systems', in which software controls the interaction of sensors, microprocessors, and the power supply in technical devices.

Alexandre Pouget to receive Andrew Carnegie Prize in Mind and Brain Sciences
Carnegie Mellon University will award the fourth annual Andrew Carnegie Prize in Mind and Brain Sciences to Alexandre Pouget, professor of basic neuroscience at the University of Geneva.

Major study will untangle complexities of kids' response to trauma
Before reaching age 5, up to 45 percent of children in the US experience 'significant and non-normative' trauma such as maltreatment, chronic stress caused by poverty, exposure to violence at home or in the community, or a parent suffering from an alcohol, drug or psychological problem.

Novel anti-biofilm nano coating developed at Ben-Gurion U.
'Our solution addresses a pervasive need to design environmentally friendly materials to impede dangerous surface bacteria growth,' the BGU researchers from the Avram and Stella Goldstein-Goren Department of Biotechnology Engineering explain.

Elsevier announces the launch of Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, announces the launch of a new journal: Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry.

Red light controls signaling in human cells
Optogenetics now enables the development of new methods that can be used like light switches to turn on and off specific processes in cells.

New studies published in Nature Immunology further understanding of immune system
MedImmune, the global biologics research and development arm of AstraZeneca, today announced that it has achieved a significant scientific milestone by publishing three manuscripts in Nature Immunology that advance the understanding of the immune system and highlight underlying mechanisms in two little-understood disease areas -- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

Robots may be able to lift, drive, and chat, but are they safe and trustworthy?
Automation expert Thomas B. Sheridan concludes that the time is ripe for human factors researchers to contribute scientific insights that can tackle the many challenges of human-robot interaction.

Could a combined dietary supplement help ward off heart disease?
Combining marine fish oil, cocoa extract and phytosterols into a dietary supplement could offer new hope in the fight against heart disease, a new study suggests.

Iowa State engineers develop micro-sized, liquid-metal particles for heat-free soldering
Martin Thuo of Iowa State and the Ames Laboratory has led development of liquid-metal particles that can be used for heat-free soldering and other applications.

Role of life's timekeeper -- a novel theory of animal evolution
This novel research disputes modern interpretations of Darwin's theory, though probably remains compatible with Darwin's original hypothesis.

Meaning of brain scans for 'pain' called into question
Patterns of brain activity thought to show pain responses have been called into question after researchers saw such patterns in rare patients born without a sense of pain.

Internet video portals do not control views well
The majority of video reproduction portals on internet, with the exception of YouTube, have quite unsophisticated systems for controlling fraud in the number of views, and some of them even seem to completely lack such systems, according to research carried out at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) in conjunction with Imdea Networks, NEC Labs Europe and Polito.

Designing better drugs
A new strategy for engineering protein fusions -- to make specific cell-targeted drugs without side effects -- could enable a safer, more potent class of protein drugs.

Can mountain-climbing bears rescue cherry trees from global warming?
As the planet warms, one way for plants and animals to find their way to cooler territory is to move up higher into the mountains.

Top tobacco control experts to FDA: Studies of e-cigs suggest more benefit than harm
Seven top international tobacco control experts are prompting regulators at the US Food and Drug Administration to have a broad 'open-minded' perspective when it comes to regulating vaporized nicotine products, especially e-cigarettes.

Medicare patients have low adherence to biologic drug therapy for psoriasis
About half of Medicare patients who start taking biologic therapies for moderate to severe plaque psoriasis stop within a year, according to a new study.

Modern DNA reveals ancient male population explosions linked to migration and technology
The largest ever study of global genetic variation in the human Y chromosome has uncovered the hidden history of men.

Fighting against counterfeit medicine
Around the world, especially in developing nations, counterfeit medicines are a real problem.

Researchers find potential new treatment target for deadly brain cancer
A team of researchers has found a key player in brain tumor formation that may lead to new therapies for a deadly and incurable cancer.

New advance announced in fight against Parkinson's and Alzheimer's
A lab-based study led by University of Leicester discovers a way of 'reversing' symptoms.

Risk factors identified for acute pancreatitis that can disrupt leukemia treatment
Research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital could help to expand precision medicine by identifying cancer patients who should avoid the chemotherapy drug asparaginase.

Infection alert in catheters could tackle hospital superbugs
A new infection alert system in catheters could prevent serious infections in millions of hospital patients worldwide.

Risks of harm from spanking confirmed by analysis of 5 decades of research
The more children are spanked, the more likely they are to defy their parents and to experience increased anti-social behavior, aggression, mental health problems and cognitive difficulties, according to a new meta-analysis of 50 years of research on spanking.

ASHG announces 2016 winners of National DNA Day essay contest
ASHG hosted its 11th annual DNA Day Essay Contest to encourage high schoolers students to examine human genetics beyond the standard curriculum.

NASA sees wind shear end Tropical Cyclone Amos
On Sunday, April 24, 2016 Tropical Cyclone Amos ran into increasing wind shear that tore the storm apart. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to