Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 28, 2016
Hospital self-harm cases have steadily risen among men in England since 2008
The number of hospital cases of self-inflicted harm, such as cutting and overdosing on prescription meds, has risen steadily since 2008 in England among men, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Extreme heat and precipitation linked to more severe asthma requiring hospitalization
Extreme heat and heavy rainfall are related to increased risk of hospitalization for asthma in Maryland, according to a study by University of Maryland School of Public Health researchers.

Gestational exposure to type of antidepressants associated with adolescent depression
A study to be published in the May 2016 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry reports that use of certain antidepressants during pregnancy can result in offspring depression by early adolescence.

Special microbiome issue
This Special Issue on the microbiome features three reports, three Reviews and a Perspective that capture the many ways in which the microbes within our gut influence our health, and what in turn shapes this complex community.

How cancer cells escape from tumors and spread
New research from a team led by Northeastern's Anand Astha­giri, asso­ciate pro­fessor of bio­engi­neering and chem­ical engi­neering, pro­vides an aston­ishing look at the bio­phys­ical prop­er­ties that permit breast cancer cells to 'slide' by obsta­cles and travel out of their pri­mary tumor toward a blood vessel that will carry them to a new site.

World's first microbiome study reveals links between lifestyle and gut flora
The Flemish Gut Flora Project, one of the largest population-wide studies on gut flora variation among healthy volunteers, has presented its first major results.

Speedy bridge repair
A team of researchers led by University of Utah civil and environmental engineering professor Chris Pantelides has developed a new process of fixing damaged bridge columns that takes as little as a few days.

Hear no evil: Farmed fish found to be hard of hearing
New research published today in the journal Scientific Reports has revealed for the first time that half of the world's farmed fish have hearing loss due to a deformity of the earbone.

Scientists reveal the secret of antibiotic-resistant bacteria
Researchers from the Scientific Research Institute of Physical-Chemical Medicine, MIPT, the company M&S Decisions and the research department of Yandex have built a computer model of the interaction between different bacteria, and between bacteria and the gut wall.

New technique spots active motion in cells
Scientists at MIT, the University of Göttingen, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, the Free University Amsterdam, and Yale University have developed a noninvasive data analysis technique that can discern whether an object's random motion is actively or thermally driven.

Are we alone? Setting some limits to our uniqueness
Are humans unique and alone in the vast universe? This question -- summed up in the famous Drake equation -- has for a half-century been one of the most intractable and uncertain in science.

Focus on transitional care reduces hospital readmissions in stroke patients
A transitional stroke clinic developed by doctors and nurse practitioners at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center reduced 30-day readmission rates by 48 percent, according to a study published in the April 28 online issue of the journal Stroke.

Water storage made prehistoric settlement expansion possible in Amazonia
The pre-Columbian settlements in Amazonia were not limited to the vicinities of rivers and lakes.

RNA splicing mutations play major role in genetic variation and disease
RNA splicing is a major underlying factor that links mutations to complex traits and diseases, according to an exhaustive analysis of gene expression in whole genome and cell line data.

Modifying an obesity drug could reduce side effects like anxiety and depression
A new version of an obesity drug that caused serious psychiatric side effects could help people lose pounds without experiencing the anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts previously associated with it.

Lifestyle has a strong impact on intestinal bacteria
Everything you eat or drink affects your intestinal bacteria, and is likely to have an impact on your health.

Reptiles share sleep patterns with mammals and birds after all
A new study reveals that the sleep patterns previously thought exclusive to mammals and birds -- REM and slow-wave sleep patterns -- are also found in reptiles.

New book by Rotman School professor examines how firms manage disruption
A new book by Joshua Gans, a professor at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management, takes a timely closer look at disruption.

Modified household utensils improve autonomy and lives of people with leprosy
Assistive technology -- the use of (frequently modified or customized) equipment to improve the functional capabilities of people with special needs -- is an important therapeutic tool.

Age-dependent changes in pancreatic function related to diabetes identified
Age-dependent changes in pancreatic function related to diabetes identified by Stanford researchers.

First implantable hemodynamic monitoring device in single ventricle Fontan anatomy
While the Fontan procedure has improved the short- and mid-term outcomes for patients born with single ventricle anatomy, long-term complications of Fontan circulation include heart failure.

Theoretical tiger chases statistical sheep to probe immune system behavior
Studying the way that solitary hunters such as tigers, bears or sea turtles chase down their prey turns out to be very useful in understanding the interaction between individual white blood cells and colonies of bacteria.

Cell transplant treats Parkinson's in mice under control of designer drug
A University of Wisconsin-Madison neuroscientist has inserted a genetic switch into nerve cells so a patient can alter their activity by taking designer drugs that would not affect any other cell.

Gene therapy shows long-term benefit for treating rare blindness
Pioneering gene therapy has restored some vision to patients with a rare form of genetic blindness for as long as four years, raising hopes it could be used to cure common causes of vision loss, new University of Oxford research published today shows.

'Lomonosov' embarks to the orbit
Today, April 28, 5:01 Moscow time, the first launch from the Vostochny Cosmodrome took place.

A 'tropical' parasitic disease emerges in the Canadian Arctic
An outbreak of an intestinal parasite common in the tropics, known as Cryptosporidium, has been identified for the first time in the Arctic.

Ice loss accelerating in Greenland's coastal glaciers, Dartmouth study finds
Surface meltwater draining through and underneath Greenland's tidewater glaciers is accelerating their loss of ice mass, according to a Dartmouth study that sheds light on the relationship between meltwater and subglacial discharge.

Making precision medicine a reality: Genomics researchers unveil road map to disease origin
University of Arizona Health Sciences, University of Pennsylvania and Vanderbilt University researchers are one step closer to understanding the genetic and biological basis of diseases like cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's and rheumatoid arthritis -- and to identifying new drug targets and therapies.

USAMRIID receives Technology Transfer Award for experimental Ebola treatment
Scientists from the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases were recognized for their work on ZMapp, a therapeutic monoclonal antibody 'cocktail' designed to treat Ebola virus infection, at the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer national meeting held this week.

Possible extragalactic source of high-energy neutrinos
Coincidence of a highly energetic outburst of an active galactic nucleus with a neutrino event at PeV energy.

New study exposes growing problem of patent aggregators and negative impact on innovation
In theory, the rise in patent litigation could reflect growth in the commercialization of technology and innovation, as lawsuits increase proportionately as more and more companies turn to intellectual property (IP) protection to safeguard their competitive advantages.

A cell senses its own curves: New research from the MBL Whitman Center
Septin proteins in human and fungal cells can sense micron-scaled curves in the cell membrane, scientists from Dartmouth College and the Marine Biological Laboratory discover.

Augmented games can increase the diversity of sports
An augmented climbing wall increases social interaction, helps to attract wider target audiences and empowers users to become content creators.

Bearded dragons show REM and slow wave sleep
Brain sleep appeared early in vertebrate evolution.

Possible substitute for antibiotics to treat dangerous infections
A recently published paper identifies a new therapeutic target for the treatment of bacterial infections that regulates the immune response.

Female hormones may make women less susceptible to kidney failure than men
Researchers detected transient increases in enzymes indicative of kidney health that correlated with specific phases of the female reproductive hormone cycle.

Rosacea linked to a slightly increased risk of dementia
A new study has uncovered an increased risk of dementia -- in particular Alzheimer's disease -- in patients with rosacea.

Not just climate change: Study finds human activity is a major factor driving wildfires
A new study examining wildfires in California found that human activity explains as much about their frequency and location as climate influences.

USC-led study identifies a key to bone formation and vertebrate evolution
Researchers in a USC-led study said they have identified a key action of a watershed gene critical to bone formation and the evolution of vertebrates.

New method for exhaustively isolating olfactory receptors responding to specific odorants
A research group led by Osaka University and Panasonic Corporation developed a method for making a prompt, exhaustive isolation of olfactory receptors (ORs) responding to the odorant of interest.

New gene testing technology finds cancer risks 'hiding in plain sight'
A research team led by an award-winning genomicist at Western University has developed a new method for identifying mutations and prioritizing variants in breast and ovarian cancer genes, which will not only reduce the number of possible variants for doctors to investigate, but also increase the number of patients that are properly diagnosed.

Brain cells divide the work to recognize bodies
Specific regions of the brain are specialized in recognizing bodies of animals and human beings.

Architects of existing surrogacy law agree reform is crucial
A University of Kent-organized conference will hear Baroness Mary Warnock, whose 1984 report led to the surrogacy laws we still have today, say she has changed her mind about surrogacy.

WSU researcher improves mental health evaluations
Washington State University researchers have developed a new assessment tool to gauge the risk that someone with a mental illness will commit a crime.

Metal hip replacements implanted since 2006 more prone to failure
Metal on metal hip replacements implanted since 2006 are more prone to failure and the need for further surgery, finds research looking at revision rates at one hospital trust for the DePuy Pinnacle device, and published in the online journal BMJ Open.

A long-noncoding RNA regulates repair of DNA breaks in triple-negative breast cancer cells
Using a clinically guided genetic screening approach, researchers identified a non-coding RNA that is overexpressed in triple-negative breast cancer cells and regulated by the tumor suppressor p53 and the activated cell surface protein, EGFR.

How old do you look? Study finds an answer in our genes
Researchers reporting in Current Biology have found a gene that helps explain why some people appear more youthful than others.

Gene therapy halts pulmonary hypertension progression in large animal pre-clinical study
Scientists have used a novel gene therapy to halt the progression of pulmonary hypertension, a form of high blood pressure in the lung blood vessels that is linked to heart failure.

Subtle chemical changes in brain can alter sleep-wake cycle
A study out today in the journal Science sheds new light on the biological mechanisms that control the sleep-wake cycle.

Snails select sources of food based on dislike for smells rather than acceptable taste
Harnessing naturally occurring chemicals could be used as a means to protect crop seedlings from being eaten by common pests, a study involving Plymouth University and the University of Southampton suggests.

Canadian waters getting safer, but research gaps limit full understanding of shipping risks
The workshop report, 'Commercial Marine Shipping Accidents: Understanding the Risks in Canada,' identifies the risks of commercial marine shipping accidents across Canada's regions and for different cargo types, while highlighting gaps in understanding and areas for further research.

Influence of religion and predestination on evolution and scientific thinking
Seen as antithetical to one another, evolution and religion can hardly fit in a scientific discourse simultaneously.

Co-expression of alternative gene products helps neurons take shape
A new study from the Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, King's College London carried out in collaboration with the Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore and the Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Genentech, USA suggests that neurons often co-express functionally distinct alternative products from the same gene.

Beauty companies should focus on older women's desire to look good, not young
Companies promoting beauty products should reconsider current methods when targeting older women as few claim to use cosmetic products to look younger.

Study pinpoints mechanism that allows cells with faulty DNA to reproduce
University of Minnesota researchers have figured out how some cells do an end-run on replication quality control -- opening the door to developing new cancer-quashing treatments.

Analyzing the psyche of risky drivers
Road crashes are the world's leading cause of preventable death and injury in people under 35, accounting for around 5 million casualties every year.

Tiny microscopes reveal hidden role of nervous system cells
Salk imaging technologies offer new window into spinal cord to understand touch and pain sensations.

How 2 neurologists conceived a revolutionary new textbook of hospital neurology
'The Hospital Neurology Book' is a practical, comprehensive and groundbreaking guide to neurology in the hospital setting.

Hunting wolves near Denali, Yellowstone cuts wolf sightings in half
Visitors to Denali National Park and Preserve and Yellowstone National Park were twice as likely to see a wolf when hunting wasn't permitted adjacent to the parks, a new study finds.

Trinity scientists reveal origin of Earth's oldest crystals
New research suggests that the very oldest pieces of rock on Earth -- zircon crystals -- are likely to have formed in the craters left by violent asteroid impacts that peppered our nascent planet, rather than via plate tectonics as was previously believed.

Flightless survivors: Incredible invertebrate diversity in Los Angeles metropolitan area
Flight is one of nature's greatest breakthroughs. It enables escape, dispersion, and exploration.

Queen's researchers in €2.25 million international project to tackle diabetes-related blindness
World-leading researchers from Queen's University Belfast are among a team of scientists from the USA and Ireland who are collaborating to develop a novel treatment for diabetes-related blindness.

Growing number of patients who might benefit from liver transplant removed from wait list
The sickest liver transplant candidates should be first in line when a donor liver becomes available, but transplant centers are increasingly removing these individuals from the waiting list, considering them 'too sick to transplant,' an analysis of nationwide transplant data finds.

Study explains how low testosterone raises diabetes risk
Researchers have identified a key hormone-signaling pathway that explains why men with low testosterone are at greater risk for developing Type 2 diabetes, according to a new study in Cell Metabolism co-authored by Tulane University researchers.

AIM coalition announces establishment of ICD-10-CM Code for Sarcopenia by CDC
A newly established ICD-10-CM code for sarcopenia, M62.84, recognizes it as an independently reportable condition.

Study links residential radon exposure to hematologic cancers in women
A new report finds a statistically-significant, positive association between high levels of residential radon and the risk of hematologic (blood) cancer in women.

What 'democracy' in Gaza tells other stateless nations
An international conference in the highly contested region of Northeast India has heard from a University of Kent expert on sovereignty in stateless nations what can be learned from Gaza.

Recent cancer diagnosis associated with increased risk of mental health disorders
A recent cancer diagnosis was associated with increased risk for some mental health disorders and increased use of psychiatric medications, according to a new study published online by JAMA Oncology that used data from Swedish population and health registers.

Ocean views linked to better mental health
Here's another reason to start saving for that beach house: new research suggests that residents with a view of the water are less stressed.

Taiwanese government should provide more support for solar panel industry
The Taiwanese government should provide subsidies for the solar panel industry to help it survive in that country, University of Exeter researchers have recommended.

Researchers find the genes that influence dizygotic twinning and fertility
An international collaboration on the genetics of dizygotic twinning led by Dr.

'Geothermal Energy: A Natural, Renewable Resource'
Geothermal energy is an important natural and renewable resource. This Special Paper from the Geological Society of America is a compilation of current and timely investigations of the complementary tracks of geothermal energy -- low-temperature ground-source geothermal and high-temperature hydrothermal systems.

Underwater archaeology looks at atomic relic of the Cold War
The April issue of Springer's Journal of Maritime Archaeology focuses on a single shipwreck as the lens through which maritime archaeology assesses the advent of the Atomic Age and the Cold War.

Why fraternal twins run in families
If a woman's female relatives have fraternal twins, she is more likely to give birth to twins herself, but the genes behind this phenomenon have remained a mystery.

Putting antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the immune system under 'surveillance'
A team led by Boston College biologist Tim van Opijnen has been awarded a $10-million National Institutes of Health grant to study the relationship between antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the immune system.

Narrow band imaging can reduce recurrence of bladder tumors
Research into bladder tumor surgery has found that using narrow band imaging can significantly reduce the risk of disease recurrence.

HPV vaccination expected to reduce cancer in all races, may not eliminate all disparities
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers occur more frequently among Hispanics, blacks, American-Indians, and Alaska Natives than among whites.

Black raspberry improves cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome
A new study shows that black raspberry extract can significantly lower a key measure of arterial stiffness-an indicator of cardiovascular disease.

Fungal spores could 'hijack' human immune cells to spread infection
Scientists have announced a major breakthrough in their understanding of how the fungus Aspergillus terreus -- the cause of serious illness in humans -- can move around the body, rather than remaining in the lungs as with similar fungal infections.

Listening to the radio could impair drivers' concentration
Listening to traffic reports on the radio could be bad for your driving -- you could even miss an elephant standing by the side of the road.

Christof Niehrs of IMB elected as a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences--one of the oldest and most prestigious honorary learned societies in the world -- has elected IMB's Founding Director Professor Christof Niehrs as a Foreign Honorary Member.

Simpler fertility test is basis for promising UW-Madison spinoff
Like many would-be parents, Katie Brenner was advised to select the optimum time for conception based on blood and/or urine tests of hormone levels.

Rheumatology community responds to MACRA proposed rule
The American College of Rheumatology has released a statement about the highly anticipated proposed rule on the Medicare Access & CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) and its impact on the rheumatology community.

Costs for orally administered cancer drugs skyrocket
New cancer drugs, taken in pill form, have become dramatically more expensive in their first year on the market compared with drugs launched 15 years ago, calling into question the sustainability of a system that sets high prices at market entry in addition to rapidly increasing those prices over time.

A theory explains why gaming on touchscreens is clumsy
New research challenges the belief that touchscreens are worse input devices because they lack physical buttons.

Seeing the benefits of failure shapes kids' beliefs about intelligence
Parents' beliefs about whether failure is a good or a bad thing guide how their children think about their own intelligence, according to new research from Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Scientists predict cell changes that affect breast cancer growth
Using a broad spectrum of analytical tools, scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have shown how sometimes small, often practically imperceptible, structural changes in a key breast cancer receptor are directly linked to regulating molecules and can produce predictable effects in curbing or accelerating cancer growth.

Want to eat better? Sorry, we're closed
Getting more nutritious meals on the tables of low-income Americans could depend on the hours the stores in their neighborhoods keep.

Geochemical detectives use lab mimicry to look back in time
New work contains some unexpected findings about iron chemistry under high-pressure conditions, such as those likely found in the Earth's core, where iron predominates and creates our planet's life-shielding magnetic field.

Shape of tumor may affect whether cells can metastasize
Only a few cells in a cancerous tumor are able to break away and spread to other parts of the body, but the curve along the edge of the tumor may play a large role in activating these tumor-seeding cells, according to a new University of Illinois study.

Personal cooling units on the horizon
Firefighters entering burning buildings, athletes competing in the broiling sun and workers in foundries may eventually be able to carry their own, lightweight cooling units with them, thanks to a nanowire array that cools, according to Penn State materials researchers.

Parents: Here's how to help your babies pay attention
Parents may have an unexpectedly important role to play in their young children's ability to sustain attention, according to a study reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on April 28.

Genetic risk factors of disparate diseases share similar biological underpinnings
The discovery of shared biological properties among independent variants of DNA sequences offers the opportunity to broaden understanding of the biological basis of disease and identify new therapeutic targets.

Amazon rainforest responds quickly to extreme climate events
The carbon balance in the Amazon can change quickly in response to heat and drought conditions.

UEA drug research could prevent secondary cataract
Scientists at the University of East Anglia may have found a way to prevent complications from surgery to treat cataract -- the world's leading cause of blindness.

Researchers demonstrate record optical nonlinearity
New research may offer an alternative to the way in which researchers have approached some photonics applications.

Friends 'better than morphine'
People with more friends have higher pain tolerance, Oxford University researchers have found, in a study looking at social networks and endorphin levels.

Texas A&M study shows risk factors associated with injurious falls
Falls are one of the leading causes of injury-related death among elderly people.

NIH funds study of culture-free fat cell-based vascular grafts in cardiovascular disease
NIH funds a Pitt study to develop culture-free fat cell-based vascular grafts in cardiovascular disease patients.

SMU engineering team leads DARPA research into holographic imaging of hidden objects
Researchers from SMU's Lyle School of Engineering will lead a multi-university team funded by the DARPA to build a theoretical framework for creating a computer-generated image of an object hidden from sight around a corner or behind a wall.

Some moths behave like butterflies to mate
A new study led by Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona researcher Víctor Sarto describes a striking example of evolutionary convergence in the order of Lepidoptera.

Junk-food junkies go healthy when rewarded
According to new Cornell University research, the most effective strategy for influencing such healthy food choices is not calorie counts and reduced prices, but rather more subtle incentives that reward healthy eating behavior.

Stem cell study finds mechanism that controls skin and hair color
A pair of molecular signals controls skin and hair color in mice and humans -- and could be targeted by new drugs to treat skin pigment disorders like vitiligo, according to a report by scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center.

Researchers discover potential treatment for sepsis and other responses to infection
Ebola and other dangerous microbes often produce these inflammatory responses.

Bored people reach for the crisps
People crave fatty and sugary foods when they are bored.

Nine chemical compounds induced fibroblasts to act as cardiac cells
Researchers have induced human fibroblasts into cardiomyocyte-like cells using just nine compounds, and show that these modified cells can be used to partially heal mouse hearts following a heart attack.

Taste test? Deer preferences seem to be helping non-native invasive plants spread
Selective browsing by white-tailed deer likely is promoting the spread of some invasive plant species in northeastern US forests, as deer avoid eating vegetation they find unpalatable.

Breakthrough in the treatment of inherited genetic disease
Scientists at the Universities of York and Leiden have made a significant breakthrough in the treatment of an inherited genetic disorder which damages muscle and nerve cells in the body.

Fiber optic biosensor-integrated microfluidic chip to detect glucose levels
A team of researchers from The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Zhejiang University in China report integrating fiber optic glucose sensors into a microfluidic chip to create portable, high-performance, low-cost devices for measuring glucose levels.

African-American women with ovarian cancer -- can obesity mask early symptoms?
African-American women with ovarian cancer are more likely to die from the disease than are White women and they are also much more likely to be obese.

Harsh out of necessity
Multiple sclerosis patients not only must they address the unpleasant symptoms, they are also subject to unpredictable relapses, a condition that causes stress.

The social dilemma of dealing with Facebook troublemakers
Online troublemakers tend to be socially well connected. Some Facebook users therefore, remain friends online with troublemakers because they are worried about the repercussions if they 'unfriend' them.

BPA determined to have adverse effects on couples seeking in vitro fertilization
Exposure to Bisphenol-A (BPA) may lead to reduced quality of embryos during reproduction.

A new discovery in the fight against cancer: Tumor cells switch to a different mode
When medication is used to shut off the oxygen supply to tumor cells, the cells adapt their metabolism in the medium term -- by switching over to producing energy without oxygen.

Rare disease gene has a key role in chronic hepatitis C infection
Hepatitis C virus hijacks the host's fat metabolism for its own survival, growth, and transport in the human body.

Gut bacteria may predict risk of life-threatening infections following chemotherapy
A new study led by researchers at the University of Minnesota and Nantes University Hospital in France shows that the bacteria in people's gut may predict their risk of life-threatening blood infections following high-dose chemotherapy.

Winds a quarter the speed of light spotted leaving mysterious binary systems
Astronomers have observed two black holes in nearby galaxies devouring their companion stars at an extremely high rate, and spitting out matter at a quarter the speed of light.

Peter Northouse wins a McGuffey Longevity Award
Peter G. Northouse has won a 2016 William Holmes McGuffey Longevity Award from the Textbook & Academic Authors Association for his text, 'Leadership: Theory and Practice.' A SAGE Publishing text since 1997, 'Leadership: Theory and Practice' is now in its seventh edition.

Insect outbreaks reduce wildfire severity
Surprising new research shows that outbreaks by the mountain pine beetle and western spruce budworm can actually reduce wildfire severity.The findings contrast sharply with popular attitudes -- and some US forest policies.

Stem cells know how to open up and unwind
Research has revealed a new understanding of how an open genome structure supports the long-term and unrestricted developmental potential in embryonic stem cells.

Exploring phosphorene, a promising new material
Researchers have developed a new method to quickly and accurately determine the orientation of phosphorene, a promising material with potential application as a material for semiconducting transistors in ever faster and more powerful computers.

TJP1 protein may identify multiple myeloma patients most likely to benefit from proteasome inhibitors
A gene known as TJP1 (tight junction protein 1) could help determine which multiple myeloma patients would best benefit from proteasome inhibitors such as bortezomib, as well as combination approaches to enhance proteasome inhibitor sensitivity, according to a study led by the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Consumers' trust in online user ratings misplaced, says CU-Boulder study
The belief that online user ratings are good indicators of product quality is largely an illusion, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study.

Entomological Society of America releases statement on the dangers of invasive species
The Entomological Society of America has issued a statement about the dangers of invasive species and the potential threats they pose to US national interests by undermining food security, trade agreements, forest health, ecosystem services, environmental quality, and public health and recreation.

Poo transplants better understood
For the first time, scientists studying stool transplants have been able to track which strains of bacteria from a donor take hold in a patient's gut after a transplant.

Turn left! How myosin-Va helps direct neuron growth
Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have discovered a protein complex that helps direct the growth of axons -- the parts of neurons that make up our nerves, connecting our senses and muscles to the brain and spinal cord.

Science news story on Sci-Hub provides detailed view of user base; related editorial
In this investigative news piece from Science, contributing correspondent John Bohannon dives into data from Sci-Hub, the world's largest pirate website for scholarly literature.

Building on shells: Study starts unraveling mysteries of Calusa kingdom
Supported in part by a grant from the National Geographic Committee for Research and Exploration, a new interdisciplinary study led by University of Georgia anthropologist Victor Thompson unearths information on how the composition of Mound Key, located in Estero Bay adjacent to Fort Myers Beach in Florida along the Gulf of Mexico, changed over the centuries in relation to both environmental and social shifts.

Peppermint tea can help improve your memory
Peppermint tea can improve long-term and working memory and in healthy adults.

Scientists turn skin cells into heart cells and brain cells using drugs
In a major breakthrough, scientists at the Gladstone Institutes transformed skin cells into heart cells and brain cells using a combination of chemicals.

How we understand others
People who empathise easily with others do not necessarily understand them well.

A vitamin that stops the aging process of organs
By administering nicotinamide riboside to elderly mice, EPFL researchers restored their organs' ability to regenerate and prolonged their lives.

Machines can learn to respond to new situations like human beings would
How does the image-recognition technology in a self-driving car respond to a blurred shape suddenly appearing on the road?

IU study finds infant attention span suffers when parents' eyes wander during playtime
Caregivers whose eyes wander during playtime -- due to distractions such as smartphones or other technology, for example -- may raise children with shorter attention spans, according to a new study in the journal Current Biology by psychologists at Indiana University.

Climate change puts most-threatened African antelopes in 'double jeopardy'
Researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on April 28 say that climate change will cause a disproportionate decline in African antelopes with the smallest geographic ranges, placing the most-threatened taxa in 'double jeopardy.' The findings are the first to suggest that animals already living in the most-restricted areas will be hardest hit as the climate shifts in the coming decades.

Four new genetic diseases defined within schizophrenia
Changes in key genes define four previously unknown conditions within schizophrenia, according to a study led by researchers from NYU Langone Medical Center published online April 28 in EBioMedicine, a Lancet journal.

Scientific advances in lung cancer in 2015 highlighted by IASLC
Capturing and summarizing the remarkable progress in lung cancer prevention, diagnosis, staging, and treatment in 2015, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer announces the inaugural publication of 'Scientific Advances in Lung Cancer 2015' in the May 2016 issue of the IASLC's Journal of Thoracic Oncology. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to