Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 04, 2016
Star with different internal driving force than the sun
A star like the sun has an internal driving in the form of a magnetic field that can be seen on the surface as sunspots.

Bringing low-cost solar panels to the market
In just one hour, the Earth receives more than enough energy from the sun to meet the world population's electricity needs in an entire year.

Our brain uses statistics to calculate confidence, make decisions
Human brains are constantly processing data to make statistical assessments that translate into the feeling we call confidence, according to a study published today in Neuron.

Our brain suppresses perception related to heartbeat, for our own good
EPFL researchers have discovered that the human brain suppresses the sensory effects of the heartbeat.

Comparative analysis reveals use patterns of deeper Caribbean coral reefs by shark species
Three species of shark, tiger, lemon and Caribbean reef, all use deeper coral reefs in the Virgin Islands, but only lemon shark presence was associated with seasonal grouper spawning aggregations, according to a study published May 4, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Alexandria Pickard from Nova Southeastern University, Florida, and colleagues.

SCAI 2016 Mullins Lecture to address breakthrough advances in the cath lab
The cardiac catheterization laboratory is not only a place for diagnosis and treatment, but, also one of discovery.

EuroPCR 2016, the world-leading course for cardiovascular interventions
Paris, France: EuroPCR 2016, the world-leading course in interventional cardiovascular medicine, is being held from May 17-20, 2016 at the Palais des Congres in Paris, France.

Readability of online health information for patients with pancreatic cancer
Online information on pancreatic cancer overestimates the reading ability of the overall population and lacks accurate information about alternative therapy, according to a study published online by JAMA Surgery.

Infections can increase diabetes risk in children
Viral respiratory infections during the first six months of life are associated with an increased risk for type 1 diabetes.

Researchers identify potentially revolutionary antidepressant compound
Ketamine can treat depression rapidly. But it has major side effects, including hallucinations.

Parental roles matter in fostering relationships between children and stepgrandparents
Researchers from the University of Missouri's College of Human Environmental Sciences and Sinclair School of Nursing are shedding new light on what happens within a family when the stepgrandparent had no active role in raising the parent of the stepgrandchild.

Groundbreaking images of nearby star give new insight into sun's infancy
A team of international astronomers, including Professor Stefan Kraus from the University of Exeter, have used cutting-edge techniques to create the first direct image of surface structures on the star Zeta Andromedae -- found 181 light years from Earth.

Robotic surgery just got more autonomous
Putting surgery one step closer into the realm of self-driving cars and intelligent machines, researchers show for the first time that a supervised autonomous robot can successfully perform soft tissue surgery.

Study suggests bipolar disorder has genetic links to autism
A new study suggests there may be an overlap between rare genetic variations linked to bipolar disorder (BD) and those implicated in schizophrenia and autism.

Breakthrough technology offers new treatment for patients with hard-to-reach tumors
An enormous high tech machine is providing new hope to patients across the country with inoperable tumors.

Scientists develop human embryos through early post-implantation stages for first time
A new technique that allows embryos to develop in vitro beyond the implantation stage (when the embryo would normally implant into the womb) has been developed by scientists at the University of Cambridge allowing them to analyse for the first time key stages of human embryo development up to 13 days after fertilization.

Help is just a phone call away -- telephone CPR improves cardiac arrest outcomes
University of Arizona study published in JAMA Cardiology demonstrates that it is feasible to save lives from cardiac arrest through implementing and measuring this key intervention of Telephone-CPR instructions delivered by 9-1-1 dispatchers.

Study reveals safety and feasibility of robotically assisted PCI in complex cases
A first-of-its kind study using robotic technology to remotely control coronary guidewires and stents reported on the feasibility of performing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on patients with complex coronary lesions.

Human heart cells respond less to e-cig vapour than tobacco smoke
New research has showed substantial differences in the way human heart cells respond to e-cigarette smoke and conventional cigarette smoke.

SCAI 2016 Hildner lecture to chronicle practice of cardiology
Since interventional cardiology was founded almost 40 years ago, the practice has completely transformed cardiovascular care.

Not so safe: Security software can put computers at risk
New research from Concordia University in Montreal shows security software might actually make online computing less safe.

Study offers new insights on postpartum depression among women of color
Health care providers and human service agencies often manage postpartum depression with formal mental health treatments and antidepressant therapies, but for new, low-income mothers of color these interventions often provide little relief from the mood disorder that sometimes follows childbirth, according to a new study led by a University at Buffalo researcher.

The oldest crystals in the world
In this new article for Geology, Gavin Kenny and colleagues reveal the likely origin of Earth's oldest crystals.

Study finds ice isn't being lost from Greenland's interior
Scientists studying data from the top of the Greenland ice sheet have discovered that during winter in the center of the world's largest island, temperature inversions and other low-level atmospheric phenomena effectively isolate the ice surface from the atmosphere -- recycling water vapor and halting the loss or gain of ice.

Antiviral therapies give Hepatitis C cirrhosis patients similar life expectancy as general population
The survival rate of patients with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis who respond well to antiviral therapies equals that of the general population, say investigators in the Journal of Hepatology.

Three PNNL scientists receive DOE Early Career Research awards
Three scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have been selected to receive 2016 Early Career Research Program research grants from the US Department of Energy.

New device reduces volume of radiographic dye in patients at risk of developing AKI
In the largest study of its kind, a new device has been found to significantly reduce the volume of radiographic dye without decreasing image quality in patients who are at risk of developing acute kidney injury after undergoing a coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention.

How tree crickets tune into each other's songs
As temperature changes, tree crickets can adjust their ears at a cellular and therefore mechanical level to match the changing frequency of each others song.

Hermits in American culture
19th century recluses who withdrew to the solitude of caves -- modern people who deliberately live a life of abstinence: these are parallels drawn by Ina Bergmann, an American Studies scholar.

Vannevar Bush, Public Service and Waterman awardees to present research at NSB meeting
The winners of the National Science Board's (NSB) Vannevar Bush Award and Public Service Award and the winner of the Alan T.

Study shows pain causes older adults to develop more inflammation over time
When older relatives complain about their pains, show a little empathy, because new research suggests that as we age, we may all become more sensitive to pain.

Children in developing world infected with parasite may be more prone
Children infected even just once with a certain type of waterborne parasite are nearly three times as likely to suffer from moderate or severe stunted growth by the age of two than those who are not -- regardless of whether their infection made them feel sick, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.

Werner Siemens Foundation fosters synthetic biotechnology
With its donation of 11.5 million euro, the Werner Siemens Foundation has facilitated the launch of the teaching and research domain Synthetic Biotechnology at the Technical University of Munich (TUM).

Save the date: Acoustical Society of America (ASA) Spring Meeting 2016 in Salt Lake City May 23-27
From the bemoaned phenomenon of vocal fry to the powerful pitch posturing of politicians in presidential pursuit, a game-changing golf club too noisy for players to embrace, the effectiveness of noise ordinances, the danger of hospital alarm fatigue, and more, a cacophony of conflicting and concordant cadences will ring out across Utah at the 171st ASA meeting, held May 23-27, 2016, at the Salt Lake Marriott Downtown at City Creek Hotel.

Study shows ozanimod as effective in treating ulcerative colitis
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have shown that ozanimod (RPC1063), a novel drug molecule, is moderately effective in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.

Skepticism about climate change may be linked to concerns about economy
Americans may be more likely to accept the scientific evidence of human-caused climate change and its potentially devastating effects if they believe the economy is strong and stable, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Scripps Florida awarded $2.5 million to advance development of RNA-based therapeutics
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded a $2.5 million grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health to design precision drug candidates that target disease-associated RNAs.

How migrants' traditional cuisines cost them calories
When migrants move, they often try to keep eating their native cuisine.

Oklahoma researchers find that a biological 'good guy' has a dark side
A pair of Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation scientists have discovered that an enzyme previously thought only to be beneficial could, in fact, pose significant danger to developing embryos.

New method could offer more precise treatment for corneal disease
Disease can cause the cornea, the clear dome-shaped layer that covers the front of the eye, to gradually weaken until pressure in the eye causes it to bulge and leads to vision problems.

National hospital system uses enterprise approach for assessing bleeding risks
The largest risk-directed study by a national hospital system demonstrates a 40 percent decline in bleeding events for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients and a significant reduction in pharmacy costs.

Holistic approach to mealtimes could help dementia sufferers
New research shows that eating together could help people with dementia avoid dehydration and malnutrition.

BTI researcher elected to National Academy of Sciences
The National Academy of Sciences has elected Jim Giovannoni, a Boyce Thompson Institute professor, USDA-ARS research molecular biologist and Cornell University adjunct professor of plant biology, in recognition of his significant contributions to plant science.

Many European schools face barriers to providing mental health support to students
In a cross-national study of what European schools are doing to support student mental health and well-being, 47 percent of surveyed schools indicated that mental health provision is a high/essential priority, but more than half did not implement a school policy regarding mental health.

Ovary removal may increase the risk of colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer may rise in women who have their ovaries removed, according to new research.

Bugs as drugs
Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have grown and catalogued more than 130 bacteria from the human intestine.

Humans have faster metabolism than closely related primates, enabling larger brains
Loyola University Chicago researchers are among the co-authors of a groundbreaking study that found humans have a higher metabolism rate than closely related primates, which enabled humans to evolve larger brains.

Newborn screening test developed for rare, deadly neurological disorder
Soon after birth, a baby's blood is sampled and tested for a number of rare inherited conditions, such as cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia.

Many Americans putting vision at risk from sun damage
Three-quarters of Americans are concerned about potential eye problems from the sun's ultraviolet rays, yet only 31 percent protect their eyes with sunglasses or other UV-protective eyewear every time they go outside, according to a new nationwide survey released today.

Our brain uses statistics to calculate confidence
Human brains are constantly processing data to make statistical assessments that translate into the feeling we call confidence, according to a study published May 4, 2016 in Neuron.

A compact, efficient single photon source that operates at ambient temperatures on a chip
Hebrew University of Jerusalem scientists demonstrated a compact, efficient single photon source that can operate on a chip at ambient temperatures.

Equilibrium modeling increases contact lens comfort
In an article publishing this week in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, authors David Ross, Kara Maki, and Emily Holz design an equilibrium model to demonstrate the elastic stresses and suction pressure distribution between a soft hydrogel contact lens and an eye.

Media alert: The Allied Genetics Conference (TAGC) 2016
The Genetics Society of America (GSA) invites members of the media to attend The Allied Genetics Conference (TAGC) 2016 and learn about the latest advances in the field of genetics.

Bats' flight technique could lead to better drones
Long-eared bats are assisted in flight by their ears and body, according to a study by researchers at Lund University in Sweden.

In-patient rehab recommended over nursing homes for stroke rehab
The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association has issued its first guidelines on adult stroke rehabilitation calling for intensive, multidisciplinary treatment.

Teledermatology linked to access to dermatologists for Medicaid enrollees in California
Primary care practices in a large California Medicaid managed care plan offering teledermatology had an increased fraction of patients who visited a dermatologist compared with other practices, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Call to re-examine '14-day rule' limiting in vitro human-embryo research
Bioethicists from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and The Hastings Center, working with a research administrator at The Rockefeller University, are proposing a reexamination of an internationally recognized rule limiting in vitro research on human embryos to 14 days post-fertilization.

Alcohol makes you momentarily happier but not more satisfied
Research suggests people are momentarily happier when drinking alcohol -- but that over longer periods, drinking more does not make them more satisfied with life.

Stickleback fish adapt their vision in the blink of an eye
Stickleback fish are able to adapt their vision to new environments in less than 10,000 years, a blink of the eye in evolutionary terms, according to new research by University of British Columbia biodiversity experts.

'Specialty medical home' seeks to provide patient-centered care for patients with inflammatory bowel diseases
A specialty medical home -- providing expert medical care coordinated with attention to social support and mental health -- is a promising new approach to patient-centered, cost-effective care for patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, according to a special 'Future Directions' paper in the May issue of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, official journal of the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America.

JILA extends laser 'combing' method to identify large, complex molecules
JILA physicists have extended the capability of their powerful laser 'combing' technique to identify the structures of large, complex molecules of the sort found in explosives, pharmaceuticals, fuels and the gases around stars.

Kent legal expert shows how UK surrogacy laws have become 'nonsensical'
In an article in the Medical Law Review, Dr Kirsty Horsey, of the University of Kent, describes cases that show current surrogacy law in the UK is 'fraying at the edges'.

Obesity rates are not declining in US youth
A clear and significant increase in obesity continued from 1999 through 2014, according to an analysis of data on United States children and adolescents age 2 to 19 years.

Squished cells could shape design of synthetic materials
Cell membranes stand up to significant amounts of stretching and bending, but only recently have scientists started to fully appreciate the useful organization and functions that result from all that stress.

Robert Krumlauf elected to the National Academy of Sciences
The Stowers Institute for Medical Research is pleased to announce that Scientific Director and Investigator Robert Krumlauf, Ph.D., has been elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) for his distinguished and continuing achievements in original scientific research.

A faster and cheaper way to produce new antibiotics
A novel way of synthesizing a promising new antibiotic has been identified by scientists at the University of Bristol.

Disparity in cultural sector funding deprives regional museums, libraries and heritage sites
University of Leicester academic spoke at Parliamentary Select Committee on Culture, Media and Sport about challenges facing the cultural sector in the UK and recommendations for improvement.

Clues on the path to a new lithium battery technology
Rechargeable lithium air batteries are a next-generation technology: Theoretically they might be much lighter and offer better performance than current lithium ion batteries.

Research: Saying 'I'm gay' doesn't boost well-being equally for gay men of every ethnicity
Study results show that verbal disclosure of gay identity increased subjective well-being for gay white men but didn't influence subjective well-being for gay Latino men.

Use of personal care products during pregnancy linked to adverse effects in newborns
A study led by SUNY Downstate Medical Center's School of Public Health presents evidence linking personal care products used during pregnancy to adverse reproductive effects in newborns.

The art -- and science -- behind treasured Japanese porcelain
Porcelain connoisseurs have prized the traditional Japanese-style ceramics called akae, typically known for Kakiemon-style ware, for centuries.

Engineers create a better way to boil water -- with industrial, electronics applications
Engineers at Oregon State University have found a new way to induce and control boiling bubble formation, that may allow everything from industrial-sized boilers to advanced electronics to work better and last longer.

Like a fingerprint, system noise can be used to differentiate identical electronic devices
Radio frequency emission are considered incidental system noise in virtually all laptops, smartphones and other electronic devices, but scientists at Disney Research have found a way to use these spurious electromagnetic (EM) signals to uniquely identify even seemingly identical devices.

Ketamine lifts depression via a byproduct of its metabolism
A chemical byproduct, or metabolite, created as the body breaks down ketamine likely holds the secret to its rapid antidepressant action.

Unique nano-capsules promise the targeted drug delivery
An international team of researchers including the Lomonosov Moscow State University physicists has developed a completely new type of drug carrier for targeted delivery to the sick organ -- the gel nano-capsules with a double shell.

Women ratchet themselves up the social ladder, 1 high heel at a time
Fashion seems to embrace two opposite goals -- fitting in with the crowd and standing out from it.

Findings light the way for new treatments in colitis, colon cancer
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation scientist Lijun Xia, M.D., Ph.D., has discovered that certain sugars produced by the body play an important role in the development of colitis and, ultimately, colon cancer.

Heavy body shape across lifespan associated with highest mortality
People who are lean for life have the lowest mortality, while those with a heavy body shape from childhood up to middle age have the highest mortality, reveal findings of a large study published in The BMJ today.

SFU researchers build a better bionic hand
A Canadian athlete's dream to one day 'move' his fingers again after losing an arm in a workplace accident is now within grasp, thanks to a robotic arm prosthesis being developed at Simon Fraser University.

Detailed digital human models could hold key to future clinical research
Computer simulations of disease processes and detailed digital models of our organs could provide more accurate monitoring and outcome measurements for clinical trials, according to research being presented in Sheffield today.

New England Journal of Medicine letter calls prostate cancer screening guidelines into question
Researchers from NewYork-Presbyterian and Weill Cornell Medicine discuss their findings related to PSA screening in this week's New England Journal of Medicine and urge reconsideration of prostate cancer screening after finding critical flaw in landmark study.

Patient-physician communication is critical for prostate cancer survivors' health
For prostate cancer patients who had their prostates surgically removed, patient-physician communication was key for helping them cope with their disease and for improving their health-related quality of life.

Radiologist Aruna Vade, M.D., receives highest honor from Chicago Radiological Society
The Chicago Radiological Society has given Loyola Medicine pediatric radiologist Aruna Vade, M.D., F.A.C.R., its highest honor, the Distinguished Service Award.

How do anesthesiologists view acupuncture and acupressure?
In a new study of anesthesia providers in the US, most report not having used or received any education in acupuncture or acupressure.

The NHS is far safer inside the European Union, argues public health expert
The NHS is far safer inside the European Union, argues a leading public health expert in The BMJ today.

New evidence connects dung beetle evolution to dinosaurs
Researchers have found an evolutionary connection between dinosaurs and dung beetles.

From Genome Research: Venus flytrap exploits plant defenses in carnivorous lifestyle
Venus flytraps have fascinated biologists for centuries, however, the molecular underpinnings of their carnivorous lifestyle remain largely unknown.

A better bone replacement: 3-D printed bone with just the right mix of ingredients
To make a good framework for filling in missing bone, mix at least 30 percent pulverized natural bone with some special man-made plastic and create the needed shape with a 3-D printer.

TSRI scientists find root cause of appetite loss during illness
Loss of appetite during illness is common and potentially debilitating; in cancer patients, especially, it can even shorten lifespan.

Expectations can minimize unethical behavior in the powerful
Recent research offers new ideas for curbing unethical behavior by those with power -- it all depends on how people in power think about their power.

Long-term monitoring reveals effects of sea star wasting along Oregon coast
The 2013-2014 sea star wasting epidemic along the Oregon coast may have been caused by multiple factors and had significant effects on the sea star population and its prey in the area, according to a study published May 4, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Bruce Menge from Oregon State University, USA, and colleagues.

Virtual dermatology care increases access to specialists for Medicaid enrollees
Medical specialists are in short supply in some parts of the country, creating an access problem made worse by an influx of patients newly insured under the Affordable Care Act.

Medical conditions are more common in women who are sexually abused
Researchers have found that a variety of conditions are more common in women before and after sexual assault.

Clinical study suggests the origin of glioblastoma subtypes
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have demonstrated that distinct types of glioblastoma, the most common form of brain cancer in adults, tend to develop in different regions of the brain.

NC State study asks kids to choose wildlife conservation priorities
Future efforts to save species may be in good hands.

Searching for signs of disease in spit
Testing for health conditions usually involves needles, X-rays and other invasive or uncomfortable measures.

Hollywood star Brad Pitt shares a name with a new wasp species from South Africa
While thinking of a name for one of the new wasps she had just discovered with her team, Dr Buntika A.

Discovery of cancer gene may predict survival in patients with mouth cancers
A newly discovered tumor gene may help to predict survival outcomes in patients with cancer of the mouth and tongue.

As global temperatures rise, children must be central climate change debates
Forecasts suggest that by 2050, the world could see 200 million environmental migrants, many of whom would be children.

The Venus flytrap: From prey to predator
The carnivorous Venus flytrap recognizes its prey by taste and its cells share similarities with the human intestine.

Breast milk hormones found to impact bacterial development in infants' guts
A new University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus study finds that hormones in breast milk may impact the development of healthy bacteria in infants' guts, potentially protecting them from intestinal inflammation, obesity and other diseases later in life.

Coastal birds rely on tides and moon phases
Coastal wading birds shape their lives around the tides, and new research in The Auk: Ornithological Advances shows that different species respond differently to shifting patterns of high and low water according to their size and daily schedules, even following prey cycles tied to the phases of the moon.

First global analysis indicates leopards have lost nearly 75 percent of their historic range
The leopard (Panthera pardus), one of the world's most iconic big cats, has lost as much as 75 percent of its historic range, according to a paper published today in the scientific journal PeerJ.

Inheritable bacterium controls Aedes mosquitoes' ability to transmit Zika
Aedes mosquitoes carrying the bacterium Wolbachia -- found inside the cells of 60 percent of all insect species -- are drastically less able to transmit Zika virus, say researchers at Brazil's Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ) in a study published May 4 in Cell Host & Microbe.

Extreme ICU: 5 percent of patients account for 33 percent of intensive care and need special focus
Every hospital's ICU has treated them -- the critically ill patients who spend weeks going from crisis to crisis, never quite getting better enough to get out of the ICU, but never quite dying.

Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis
A new study led by a team from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre and Cystic Fibrosis Canada reinforces the benefits of newborn screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) patients.

Holy anomaly
History professor Sarah Cline's LASA-award-winning essay deconstructs an iconic colonial Mexican casta painting of racial hierarchy.

Was the Force behind Leicester's football success?
University of Leicester students calculate whether the body could create enough energy to produce the Force.

Measuring the airborne toxicants urban bicyclists inhale
By switching from four wheels to two, bicyclists help reduce traffic and air pollution -- all while getting much-needed exercise.

Researchers develop 'designer' chemical separation membranes
Researchers from Imperial College London have developed a new synthetic method for producing molecularly designed polymer membranes that has the potential to make chemical separation processes up to two orders of magnitude more efficient than using conventional membranes.

Implementation of telephone CPR program results in improved cardiac arrest outcomes
Implementation of a guideline-based telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation (TCPR) program was associated with improvements in the timeliness of TCPR, survival to hospital discharge, and survival with favorable functional outcome for patients who experienced an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

A new mobile phone app for grassroots mapping
University of Exeter academics have created an app which could help aid humanitarian rescue work in disaster-struck regions by using geographic data to map landscapes.

Children with ADHD sleep both poorly and less
A new study from Aarhus University has now documented that there is some truth to the claim by parents of children with ADHD that their children have more difficulty falling asleep and that they sleep more poorly than other children.

Schumaker awarded National Academy of Education fellowship
Kathryn Schumaker, University of Oklahoma assistant professor in the Department of Classics and Letters in the OU College of Arts and Sciences, is the recipient of one of 30 fellowships from the National Academy of Education for early career scholars working in critical areas of education.

Newspapers often publish false depictions of gout
A new analysis reveals that popular newspaper articles depict gout as a self-inflicted condition that is socially embarrassing and the focus of humor.

Louisiana Tech University team uses 3-D printing, sustainable materials to create UAV
A team of mechanical engineering students from Louisiana Tech University has used 3-D printing and sustainable materials to create a custom unmanned aerial vehicle that could help NASA improve its efforts to study UAV applications and establish an infrastructure to enable and safely manage the widespread use of low-altitude airspace.

Johns Hopkins scientist programs robot for 'soft tissue' surgery
A research team shows that a robot can adjust to the subtle movement and deformation of soft tissue to execute precise and consistent suturing during surgery.

Similarities in species diversity and range in both terrestrial birds and marine bivalves
An unusual new study led by researchers from the University of Chicago shows that while terrestrial birds and marine bivalves -- animals such as scallops, mussels, cockles, and oysters -- share a common pattern of species richness across latitudes, they arrive there quite differently.

Drawing the genetic history of Ice Age Eurasian populations
A research team led by Prof. FU Qiaomei from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IVPP of CAS) and other international scientists has analyzed genome-wide data from 51 Eurasians from ~45,000-7,000 years ago and provided the first vivid look at the genetic history of modern humans in Eurasia before the start of agriculture ~8,500 years ago.

Aggregated protein in nerve cells can cause ALS
Persons with the serious disorder ALS, can have a genetic mutation that causes the protein SOD1 to aggregate in motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord.

New bone marrow-on-a-chip can model radiation therapy damage and assess preventive measures
Engineered bone marrow grown in a novel microfluidic chip device responds to damaging radiation exposure followed by treatment with compounds that aid in blood cell recovery in a way that mimics living bone marrow.

Dengue fever's economic 'bite' estimated in Lancet Infectious Disease article
A study by Brandeis University researchers finds that the global cost of dengue is an estimated US$8.9 billion annually, higher than several other major infectious diseases such as cholera, rotavirus gastroenteritis, canine rabies and Chagas.

Genetic test shows risk for serious adverse reaction to toxic goitre treatment
Researchers and doctors at Uppsala University, along with Swedish and international collaboration partners, have found gene variants that predict the risk of a serious adverse reaction to drugs used for the treatment of hyperthyroidism.

Phoney protection for passwords
Corporate data breaches seem to be on the rise, rarely a week passes without a company revealing that its database has been hacked and regrettably usernames, passwords, credit card details and its customers' personal information has been leaked on to the open internet.

USDA announces $15.6 million in grants to strengthen rural communities
The US Department of Agriculture today announced $15.6 million in grants to increase prosperity in rural America through research, education, and extension programs focused on promoting rural community development, economic growth, and sustainability.

Made better through science: Calcite tuned to be mollusk-tough
Cornell researchers, together with a team from the University of Leeds, have jointly led an expansive, years-long international collaboration that has resulted in a paper detailing the ability to control and increase resistance to deformation in pure calcite through the introduction of amino acids.

How to talk about climate change so people will act
What can you do about climate change? The better question might be: What can we?

Walking and cycling are good for health even in cities with higher levels of air pollution
The health benefits of walking and cycling outweigh the negative effects on health of air pollution, even in cities with high levels of air pollution, according to a study led by researchers from the University of Cambridge.

'Kidney on a chip' could lead to safer drug dosing
University of Michigan researchers have used a 'kidney on a chip' device to mimic the flow of medication through human kidneys and measure its effect on kidney cells.

New method allows first look at key stage of human development, embryo implantation
Almost nothing is known about the stage of human development called implantation, when the developing embryo attaches to the uterus.

The contented shall inherit the Earth -- The glum? Not so much
The survival of the fittest might just be the survival of the steadfast instead.

UCI's new biocontainment lab to be designated a National Training Center
University of California, Irvine's high-containment biosafety level 3 training laboratory has been selected as the third facility in the US designated by the National Institutes of Health's National Biosafety & Biocontainment Training Program to provide continuing education to professionals.

Comet craters -- literal melting pots for life on Earth
Large meteorite and comet impacts into the sea are now believed to have formed the nurseries from which life on Earth first sparked.

Researchers reveal top 10 most popular reptiles (they're also the scariest...)
Scientists from Oxford University and Tel Aviv University have ranked the world's most 'popular' reptiles, revealing the species that capture the public's imagination and providing valuable quantitative data towards the debate surrounding conservation priorities.

New immigrant: Shiny cowbirds noted from a recording altitude of 2,800 m in Ecuador
Juveniles of Shiny Cowbird, a parasitic bird that lays its eggs in the nests of other birds, were spotted in the Andean city of Quito, Ecuador, for the first time.

Australian technology behind the world's largest telescope
The National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) has teamed up with CSIRO engineers in the development of the world's largest single dish telescope -- the Five hundred meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST).

Simple arm test accurately identifies markers of frailty in older adults facing surgery
A simple arm test that employs a novel wearable technology can rapidly and accurately identify physiological frailty in older adults, according to study results published online in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons in advance of print publication.

Yeast infection linked to mental illness
In a study prompted in part by suggestions from people with mental illness, Johns Hopkins researchers found that a history of Candida yeast infections was more common in a group of men with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder than in those without these disorders, and that women with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder who tested positive for Candida performed worse on a standard memory test than women with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder who had no evidence of past infection.

High-fructose diet during pregnancy may harm placenta, restrict fetal growth
Research in mice and women found that consuming a high-fructose diet during pregnancy may cause defects in the placenta and restrict fetal growth, potentially increasing a baby's risk for metabolic health problems later in life. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to