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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | May 09, 2016


Radiotherapy during surgery could save millions of travel miles and tons of CO2
One targeted dose of radiotherapy given during surgery to remove early stage breast cancer could save millions of travel miles, enough CO2 emissions for a 100 hectare forest, and free up thousands of hours of women's time, concludes research published in the online journal BMJ Open.
Novel role for spleen B cells in inflammatory response to bacterial toxins
University of Tsukuba-led researchers have identified a new role for marginal zone B lymphocytes in enhancing inflammatory responses to bacterial lipopolysaccharides.
Carrot genome paints picture of domestication, could help improve crops
Sometimes, the evolutionary history of a species can be found in a fossil record.
TGen and international team find new avenues of precision medicine for treating cancer
An international team of scientists, including those at the Translational Genomic Research Institute, have discovered new avenues of potential treatments for a rare and deadly cancer known as adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC).
Fort McMurray wildfire continues to burn
The wildfire continues to burn in the Fort McMurray area and NASA satellites continue to image the area.
E-cigarettes not meeting potential as 'disruptive technology,' Georgia State public health study shows
Most smokers who have tried electronic cigarettes have rejected them as less satisfying than regular cigarettes, reducing their potential to be a 'disruptive technology' that could help a significant number of smokers to quit, according to a recent study by a team of researchers at the Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science at Georgia State University.
Sandia Labs tapped again to lead national solar evaluation centers
Sandia National Laboratories won a three-year renewal of a Department of Energy contract to manage the US Regional Test Centers (RTCs), a network of five sites across the country where industry can assess the performance, reliability and economic viability of solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies.
First single-enzyme method to produce quantum dots revealed
Three Lehigh University engineers have successfully demonstrated the first precisely controlled, biological way to manufacture quantum dots using a single-enzyme, paving the way for a significantly quicker, cheaper and greener production method.
A better way to diagnose and manage neuroendocrine tumors
A recent study reported in the May issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine demonstrates that Ga-68 DOTATATE PET/CT scans are superior to In-111 pentetreotide scans, the current imaging standard in the United States for detecting neuroendocrine tumors, and could significantly impact treatment management.
Study shows possible 'key' to improved therapy for adrenocortical carcinoma
A study comprised of 39 international institutions revealed significant new findings about adrenocortical carcinoma, a rare cancer with an often poor prognosis.
Rice experts unveil submicroscopic tunable, optical amplifier
Researchers at Rice University's Laboratory for Nanophotonics have unveiled a new nanoparticle amplifier that can generate infrared light and boost the output of one light by capturing and converting energy from a second light.
Human nature: Behavioral economists create model of our desire to make sense of it all
Researchers have identified a powerful human motive that has not been adequately appreciated by social and behavioral scientists: the drive to make sense of our lives and the world around us.
The Lancet: Investing in adolescent health and wellbeing could transform global health for generations to come, says major report
Decades of neglect and chronic underinvestment have had serious detrimental effects on the health and well-being of adolescents aged 10-24 years, according to a major new Lancet Commission on adolescent health and wellbeing being launched in London on Tuesday, May 10, 2016.
Atomic force microscope reveals molecular ghosts
UC Berkeley researchers recently used non-contact atomic force microscopy to look at simple chemical reactions with atomic resolution, confirming what chemists have heretofore only inferred from spectroscopy.
Videogame addiction: Sleep loss, obesity, and cardiovascular risk for some gamers
Using fitness trackers, the team monitored the sleep duration and compared that to the youth's videogame usage.
Placental RNA may help protect embryo from viruses, Penn study finds
In a new study, the University of Pennsylvania's Montserrat Anguera and colleagues have identified a long non-coding RNA, or lncRNA, that contributes to a crucial function of the placenta: protecting the unborn baby from invading pathogens.
Biofeedback system designed to control photosynthetic lighting
A chlorophyll fluorescence-based biofeedback system was used to maintain the electron transport rate (a proxy for photosynthesis) of lettuce, sweetpotato, and pothos at target rates altered over 15 hours.
UNT researchers discover potential new paths for plant-based bioproducts
Plant science researchers at the University of North Texas have found potential new pathways for the creation of plant-based bioproducts.
Best of both worlds
More, faster, better, cheaper. These are the demands of our device-happy and data-centered world.
Blood pressure over time may better predict stroke, death risk
The pattern of systolic blood pressure from middle age onward may tell more than a single blood pressure reading about a person's risk of stroke and death from other diseases linked to high blood pressure.
Intense wind found in the neighborhood of a black hole
An international team of astrophysicists, including Professor Phil Charles from the University of Southampton, have detected an intense wind from one of the closest known black holes to the Earth.
Map of flow within the Earth's mantle finds the surface moving up and down 'like a yo-yo'
Researchers have compiled the first global set of observations of flow within the Earth's mantle -- the layer between the crust and the core -- and found that it is moving much faster than has been predicted.
In cities, flooding and rainfall extremes to rise as climate changes
Cities face harsher, more concentrated rainfall as climate change not only intensifies storms, but draws them into narrower bands of more intense downpours, Australian engineers have determined.
Feeling the pulse of Africa
The Crop Science Society of America (CSSA) sent 10 students to the PanAfrican Legume Conference and World Cowpea Conference in Livingstone, Zambia.
New material temporarily tightens skin
Scientists have developed a new material that can temporarily protect and tighten skin, and smooth wrinkles.
Down's neonatal screening contract renewed
Public Health England (PHE) has renewed its contract with Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry (PUPSMD) to provide the Down's syndrome screening Quality Assurance Support Service (DQASS) for its Down's, Edwards' and Patau's syndromes antenatal screening programme in England.
Can gender play a role in determining cancer treatment choices?
It is well known that men and women differ in terms of cancer susceptibility, survival and mortality, but exactly why this occurs at a molecular level has been poorly understood.
Fewer overweight or obese children in Canada after years of increased rates
After years of increases, the rates of children who are overweight or obese are declining in Canada, according to new research in Canadian Medical Association Journal.
MRI stronger predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events than standard scan
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a stronger predictor of risk for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) than single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) at 5 years follow-up.
A yellow fever epidemic: A new global health emergency?
Evidence is mounting that the current outbreak of yellow fever is becoming the latest global health emergency, say two Georgetown University professors who call on the World Health Organization to convene an emergency committee under the International Health Regulations.
Study identifies mutations that promote HIV-1 infection in the brain
In this month's issue of the JCI, a research team led by Vanessa Hirsch at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases discovered that BST-2, a protein expressed on immune cells, is an important target for viral replication in the brain.
Pitt-developed drug works against 'superbug' biofilms and respiratory virus
A potential drug therapy developed at the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research has proven effective against tough bacterial biofilms and a deadly respiratory virus simultaneously.
Common nanoparticle has subtle effects on oxidative stress genes
A nanoparticle commonly used in food, cosmetics, sunscreen and other products can have subtle effects on the activity of genes expressing enzymes that address oxidative stress inside two types of cells.
Fooling the test: Antibiotic-resistant bacteria that look susceptible
Emory scientists characterize Enterobacter cloacae strains recently isolated from patient samples.
New Oligocene primates from China highlight key evolutionary period
In a study published May 6 in Science, Dr. Ni Xijun, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology and his team reported the discovery of a diverse primate fauna from the early Oligocene of southern China.
Origin of dromedary domestication discovered
Dromedaries have been used for transportation for over 3,000 years.
Discovery of lung cancer mutations responsive to targeted therapies and to immunotherapies
Researchers from several major US universities and ITMO University in Russia have identified a number of new driver mutations in lung cancer cells that may be responsive to genomically targeted therapies and to immunotherapy.
MUSC Hollings awarded $8.9 million to study sphingolipid signaling
The MUSC Hollings Cancer Center received an $8.9 million grant from the NCI designed to foster collaboration across clinical and laboratory research for the study of signaling in sphingolipids, a class of lipids known to be involved in the growth of solid tumor cancers.
International collaboration for genome analysis leads to clues about rare cancer
An international team of researchers through The Cancer Genome Atlas Network uncovered double the number of genetic drivers already known to fuel adrenal cancer.
Does this ankle need an X-ray? There's an app for that
The Ottawa Rules, a set of rules used around the world to help health professionals decide when to order X-rays and CT scans, are now available as a free mobile health app.
Pesticide exposure linked to increased risk of ALS
Survey data suggest reported cumulative pesticide exposure was associated with increased risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.
Winter is coming -- and the women of Westeros are ready
A new book, 'Women of Ice and Fire,' compares the blockbuster series 'Game of Thrones' with the book series by George R.
Study: First Amendment offers scant protection for professors
When academics choose to litigate speech disputes with colleges and universities, they end up losing nearly three-quarters of the time -- a finding that points to the growing tension between academic freedom and campus speech codes, says U. of I. labor and employment relations professor Michael LeRoy.
Open Science Prize announces 6 team finalists in first phase of competition
Six teams have been selected to advance their product ideas into prototypes to compete for $230,000 in the Open Science Prize, a global science competition to make both the outputs from science and the research process broadly accessible to the public.
USDA announces $2.4 million in available funding to relieve veterinary shortages
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced $2.4 million in available funding to relieve veterinarian shortage situations through education, extension and training as well as support for veterinary practices in designated shortage areas.
Exploring the gut-brain connection for insights into multiple sclerosis
New research by investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital suggests that bacteria living in the gut may remotely influence the activity of cells in the brain that are involved in controlling inflammation and neurodegeneration.
School activities may be key to tobacco cessation for Native American adolescents
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Native American adolescents have higher rates of cigarette smoking than other racial or ethnic groups.
NUS scientists develop method to improve photoluminescence efficiency of 2-D semiconductors
A team led by researchers from the National University of Singapore has developed a method to enhance the photoluminescence efficiency of tungsten diselenide, a two-dimensional semiconductor, paving the way for the application of such semiconductors in advanced optoelectronic and photonic devices.
Digesting sweet taste
The sweet taste cells that respond to sugars and sweeteners on the tongue also contain digestive enzymes capable of converting sucrose (table sugar) into glucose and fructose, simple sugars that can be detected by both known sweet taste pathways, according to new research from the Monell Center.
Neutrons tap into magnetism in topological insulators at high temperatures
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and their collaborators used neutron scattering to reveal magnetic moments in hybrid topological insulator materials at room temperature, hundreds of degrees Fahrenheit warmer than the extreme sub-zero cold where the properties are expected to occur.
New techniques make RFID tags 25 percent smaller
Engineering researchers have developed a suite of techniques that allow them to create passive radio-frequency identification tags that are 25 percent smaller -- and therefore less expensive.
Study: Smartphone alerts increase inattention -- and hyperactivity
With the Internet in our pockets, are we more inclined to be inattentive to other tasks?
Junction opening protein boosts cancer-killing effect of oncolytic virus
A new study shows that the anti-tumor effect of oncolytic virus therapy is significantly greater in mice when the virus is genetically modified to express a junction opening (JO) protein, which helps the cancer-killing agent better penetrate solid tumors.
Smoking in pregnancy and overweight may set up social divide in child obesity rates
Smoking during pregnancy and being overweight before becoming pregnant account for a sizeable proportion -- around 40 percent -- of the persistent social divide in childhood obesity rates, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Older adults have 'toxic combination' of lower financial literacy, higher self-confidence
Previous studies have shown that as humans age, cognitive declines are inevitable.
Experimental therapy halts treatment-resistant brain tumors
Researchers report in the journal Cancer Cell an experimental therapy that in laboratory tests stops aggressive, treatment-resistant and deadly brain cancers called glioblastoma and high-grade gliomas.
Saharan dust makes big impact on Caribbean waters
Dust from the Saharan desert is bringing needed iron and other nutrients to underwater plants in the Caribbean, but bacteria may be the first thing to prosper from that dust.
Cancer may drive health problems as people age
A new study indicates that cancer may have negative impacts on both the physical and mental health of individuals as they age.
How fasting helps fight fatty liver disease
Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München have new information on what happens at the molecular level when we go hungry.
New data on brain network activity can help in understanding 'cognitive vulnerability' to depression
Neuroimaging studies of interconnected brain networks may provide the 'missing links' between behavioral and biological models of cognitive vulnerability to depression, according to a research review in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.
Opinions on fracking linked to political persuasion, says new study
A person's opinion on fracking can be predicted by their political ideology, according to a new study co-conducted by Plymouth University.
Scripps Florida scientists pioneer a breakthrough approach to breast cancer treatment
In a development that could lead to a new generation of drugs to precisely treat a range of diseases, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have for the first time designed a drug candidate that decreases the growth of tumor cells in animal models in one of the hardest to treat cancers -- triple negative breast cancer.
Cold War Warriors: Sandia's decades in nuclear weapons
Sandia National Laboratories has produced a video about the people behind Sandia's decades of above-ground and underground nuclear weapons testing.
Geodesists of TU Dresden visualize the ice-mass loss of Antarctica
On May 9, 2016, a data portal on the ice-mass change of the Antarctic ice sheet will be put online for general use.
Infants swaddling for sleep associated with sudden infant death syndrome
The risk of sudden infant death syndrome appears to increase when infants are swaddled while sleeping on their stomachs or sides, new research has found.
Screening for postpartum depression -- research review and update
Mothers of new babies should undergo screening for postpartum depression -- preferably across healthcare locations and at multiple times up to one year after delivery, according to a research review in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.
Stochastic resonance, chaos transfer shown in an optomechanical microresonator
Researchers in the School of Engineering & Applied Science at Washington University in St.
Sexy ideas won't slow climate change if people don't buy in and buy them
As governments and researchers race to develop policies and technologies to make energy production more sustainable and mitigate climate change, they need to remember that the most sophisticated endeavors won't work if they're not adopted.
UCLA study finds no evidence linking anti-nausea drug to birth defects
A new study by a UCLA researcher has found no evidence to link the anti-nausea drug to an increased risk of birth defects.
Early Earth's air weighed less than half of today's atmosphere
Bubbles trapped in ancient lava shows the early Earth did not have a thicker atmosphere -- the air pressure 2.7 billion years ago was at most half of today's.
Daily up and down of the plankton animals in the sea
A unique series of measurements taken over several years in the Antarctic Ocean provide new findings about the daily vertical migration of zooplankton communities: scientists of the Thünen Institute of Sea Fisheries in Hamburg and the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven observed changes during the year and between years.
Do witchcraft beliefs halt economic progress?
A new study by American University economics professor Boris Gershman is the first to provide empirical evidence for the mistrust and erosion of social capital that exists in regions worldwide due to witchcraft accusations.
Pesticide exposure may be ALS risk factor
ALS is a debilitating, progressive disease without a cure. Researchers now find pesticides and other environmental toxins could play a part in the disease's onset.
Raising a child with autism
Humans are resilient, even facing the toughest of life's challenges.
Genetic potential of oil-eating bacteria from the BP oil spill decoded
Microbiologists have cracked the genetic code of how bacteria broke down oil to help clean up the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, revealing that some bacteria have far greater potential for consuming oil than was previously known.
Investigational malaria vaccine protects healthy US adults for more than one year
An experimental malaria vaccine protected a small number of healthy, malaria-naïve adults in the US for more than one year after immunization, according to results from a NIAID-supported Phase 1 trial.
Nine ornamental landscape plants tested for salt tolerance
Nine ornamental species were irrigated with a nutrient solution at three different electrical conductivity rates and were assessed for growth and physiological responses.
Baking soda could prevent deadly fungal infections in diabetic ketoacidosis
Baking soda could prevent the spread of a deadly fungal infection, called mucormycosis, in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis.
Do probiotics have an effect on healthy adults? It's too early to tell
There is little evidence to support any consistent effect of probiotics on the gut microbiota of healthy individuals, according to a systematic review published in the open access journal Genome Medicine.
Suicide bomb detector moves forward with Sandia engineer's help
With technical help from Sandia Labs, an Albuquerque company and a group of other small businesses are developing a way to prevent suicide attacks by detecting concealed bombs before they go off.
Study supports natural causes, not alien activity, to explain mystery star's behavior
The results of a new study make it far less likely that KIC 8462852, popularly known as Tabby's star, is the home of industrious aliens who are gradually enclosing it in a vast shell called a Dyson sphere.
Elsevier launches Portuguese and Spanish versions of Zika Virus Resource Center Online
Aedes mosquitoes carrying the bacterium Wolbachia -- found inside the cells of 60 percent of all insect species -- are drastically less able to transmit Zika virus, say researchers at Brazil's Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in a study published May 4 in Cell Host & Microbe.
Do genes express themselves through poetry?
A new study from Michigan State University makes inroads in learning to 'read' the genome, a key goal of modern biology.
More than half of streamflow in the upper Colorado River basin originates as groundwater
More than half of the streamflow in the Upper Colorado River Basin originates as groundwater, according to a new US Geological Survey study published today in the journal Water Resources Research.
USDA, DOE partner to invest $10 million in green energy research
The US Department of Agriculture (USDA)'s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the joint investment of $10 million towards research that will drive more efficient biofuels production and agricultural feedstock improvements.
Delayed concussion reporting may sideline college athletes for several more days
Athletes who wait to report a concussion may experience longer recovery times, say University of Florida researchers who found that college players who delayed treatment or removal from play missed an average of five more days of play than athletes who immediately reported concussion symptoms.
When beneficial bacteria knock but no one is home
By studying the interplay between genetic risk factors for Crohn's and the bacteria that populate the gut, researchers at Caltech have discovered a new potential cause for this disorder in some patients -- information that may lead to advances in probiotic therapies and personalized medicine.
Uncovering partners in crime: Stroke and Alzheimer's disease
New EU-funded project CoSTREAM targets the common mechanisms and pathways of stroke, Alzheimer's disease to improve disease prevention and treatment, by combining clinical, genetic, epidemiologic, metabolic and radiologic research to develop an organ-on-a-chip in vitro model for the blood-brain connection that will revolutionize drug-development.
Specific changes to non-coding RNA may be part of what makes us human
Human-specific variants of four microRNAs may have altered expression levels and gene targets compared to other great apes, according to a study published April 22, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Alicia Gallego from the Institute of Evolutionary Biology, Spain, and colleagues.
In US, celiac disease diagnosis is most common among patients with Punjabi ancestry
About 1.8 million Americans have celiac disease, an immune-based condition brought on by the consumption of gluten in genetically susceptible patients.
Study finds declining sulfur levels
A University of Illinois study drawing from over 20 years of data shows that sulfur levels in Midwest watersheds and rivers have steadily declined, so much so that farmers may need to consider applying sulfur in the not too distant future.
Kent art historian's book launched at first B. M. Anand exhibition
The first major exhibition of previously unseen works by the late Indian artist Brij Mohan (B.M.) Anand inspired a new book by University of Kent art historian Dr.
Clinical trial underway for treatment of sleep apnea in adolescents with Down syndrome
An FDA-approved clinical trial is underway at Massachusetts Eye and Ear and Massachusetts General Hospital for Children to evaluate the use of a hypoglossal nerve stimulator -- a technology currently available to adults with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that stimulates the upper airway to facilitate breathing during sleep -- in a select group of adolescent patients with Down syndrome and OSA.
Eliminating HIV is possible; UCLA, Danish researchers explain how
UCLA and Danish researchers report that global elimination of HIV is possible, if countries use the strategy planned by the World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.
Shellfish response to ocean acidification depends on other stressors
A study of California mussels, a key species in the rocky intertidal ecosystems of the West Coast, indicates that the effects of ocean acidification will vary from place to place along the coast depending on a range of interacting factors.
Pitt research yields insight into the mystery of smell
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have uncovered the mechanism underlying a phenomenon in how we smell that has puzzled researchers for several decades.
Agricultural ammonia emissions disrupt earth's delicate nitrogen balance
New Colorado State University research indicates that nitrogen cycle disturbance from emissions of agriculture-related ammonia now exceeds the effects of fossil fuel combustion emissions.
Therapeutic substitution could help reduce money spent on prescription drugs
An extra $73 billion was spent between 2010 and 2012 on brand name medications and the practice of therapeutic substitution (substituting chemically different compounds within the same class of drugs for one another) could help to drive down those costs, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
This 5-fingered robot hand learns to get a grip on its own
A University of Washington team of computer science and engineering researchers has built a robot hand that can not only perform dexterous manipulation -- one of the most difficult problems in robotics to solve -- but also learn from its own experience.
Epigenetic study of lactose intolerance may shed light on the origin of mental illness
A new study by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health on the epigenetics of lactose intolerance may provide an approach to understanding schizophrenia and other complex, serious illnesses.
UGA study finds Saharan dust affects marine bacteria, potential pathogen Vibrio
Iron can be hard to hard to come by in open marine waters -- except each summer, when atmospherically transported dust from north Africa's Sahara Desert provides pulses of biologically important nutrients, including iron, to the tropical marine waters of the Caribbean and southeastern US.
Changing default prescription settings in EMRs increased rates of generic drugs, Penn Medicine study finds
A new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, found that a simple change to prescription default options in electronic medical records immediately increased generic prescribing rates from 75 percent to 98 percent.
From the Himalaya to the Canadian Cordillera
GSA's newest journal, Lithosphere, has put together several articles touching on the evolution and nature of Earth's crust and upper mantle.
Tiger moths use signals to warn bats: Toxic not tasty
Acoustic warning signals emitted by tiger moths to deter bats -- a behavior previously proven only in the laboratory -- actually occur in nature and are used as a defense mechanism, according to new research from Wake Forest University.
A search engine for arguments
Discussions on the Internet are hard to analyze, whether it is controversy over the trade agreement TTIP, or the debate on refugees.
Narrow spectrum antibiotic kills pathogens without killing good bacteria
The problem with broad spectrum antibiotics is that they kill good bacteria along with the bad.
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev researchers present new guidelines for treating perinatal mood and anxiety disorders based on new study
'Our new study, which will be submitted for publication later this year, contains excellent guidelines for treating mothers coping with perinatal mental health challenges,' says Professor Julie Cwikel, founder of BGU's Center for Women's Health Studies and Promotion.
USF professor studying similarities in Alzheimer's and CTE from head injuries
A USF physics professor studying chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a recently discovered brain disease in athletes who have suffered repeated brain trauma from on-field collisions, suggests possibility that CTE can start when an on-field collision generates a 'seed' that spreads within the damaged brain, comparable to 'prion diseases,' such as 'mad cow disease,' where a damaged protein can transmit its damaged state to its healthy counterparts and subsequently induces spreading of protein abnormality.
Effects of spectral quality, intensity of LEDs
A study involving cultivation of four types of vegetable plants compared a conventional white LED tube light with LED lamps with a good spectral fit to the maximum photosynthetic response at two intensities.
Wilderness Medical Society issues official guidelines for prevention and treatment of drowning
Drowning is a global threat to human health. Each year, more than 372,000 people die as a result of drowning, with many of those deaths being preventable by simple water safety measures.
Mercury in fish affected by both prey type and quality, Dartmouth study finds
Whether fish hunt nearshore or in the open water and what prey they eat affect the amount of mercury that accumulates in them, a Dartmouth College study shows.
Congregations striving for racial and ethnic diversity may shrink, Baylor study finds
Congregations attempting to boost their racial and ethnic diversity may end up with fewer people in the seats, according to a Baylor University study.
Award for ground-breaking measuring methods
This year the most important award in the field of metrology, the science of making precise measurements, was awarded to a team of five Frankfurt atomic physicists at Goethe University.
Serious video games may help increase fruit and vegetable intake
Using a serious video game, Squires Quest! II: Saving the Kingdom of Fivealot, researchers from the United States Department of Agriculture / Agricultural Research Service Children's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital evaluated how creating implementation intentions (i.e., specific plans) within the goal-setting component in the game helped fourth and fifth grade students improve fruit and vegetable intake at specific meals.
CloudLab, a new system for making online video presentations
LabHipermedia, a spin-off with participation by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, has designed a technology that improves the learning experience of instructors and users who employ video as a teaching and learning tool.
Asia Pacific Lung Cancer Conference to open in Chiang Mai, Thailand
The biennial Asia Pacific Lung Cancer Conference (APLCC 2016), organized by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, will be held in Chiang Mai, Thailand from May 13-15, 2016.
Machine learning accelerates the discovery of new materials
Researchers recently demonstrated how an informatics-based adaptive design strategy, tightly coupled to experiments, can accelerate the discovery of new materials with targeted properties.
Artificially sweetened beverages consumed in pregnancy linked to increased infant BMI
Daily consumption of artificially sweetened beverages by women during pregnancy may be associated with increased infant body mass index (BMI) and may be associated with an increased risk of being overweight in early childhood, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
How will people interact with technology in the future?
New research that discusses how people will interact with technology in the future will be presented by academics from the University of Bristol, UK, this week at one of the world's most important conferences on human-computer interfaces, ACM CHI 2016, in San Jose, USA.
Further evidence found against ancient 'killer walrus' theory
An Otago-led team of scientists using techniques from the field of dentistry is shedding new light on the evolution of walruses, fur seals and sea lions.
The sun's magnetic field during the grand minimum is in fact at its maximum
The study of the sun's long-term variation over a millennium by means of super computer modelling showed that during a time period of the Maunder Minimum type, the magnetic field may hide at the bottom of the convection zone.
Leftover warm water in Pacific Ocean fueled massive El Niño
A new study provides insight into how the current El Niño, one of the strongest on record, formed in the Pacific Ocean.
UCI sleuths search the seas for soot
UCI scientists have taken water samples from the north Pacific, north and south Atlantic, and Arctic oceans in search of repositories of black carbon, soot from burning biomass and diesel engines, among other sources.
Targeted antibiotic is easier on the gut microbiome
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists report the first evidence that a pathogen-specific antibiotic was less disruptive to the gut microbiome than broad-spectrum antibiotics.
Pay now or pay more later: Treating hepatitis C
The latest drugs that treat the blood-borne illness hepatitis C can cure it, but their price tag remains a point of contention for insurers and government health care officials.
NYU receives $1.6 million NIH grant to study the biological and physiological effects of e-cigs
The safety of aerosol mixtures emitted by 'e-cigs' and 'vapes' remains largely unknown.
Small brain area plays key role in making everyday decisions
A small brain structure plays a central role in the many decisions like this we make each day.
Berkeley Lab scientists part of new particle-hunting season at CERN's LHC
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) are among the thousands of collaborators worldwide at CERN's Large Hadron Collider who will be sifting through loads of new data expected from this latest experimental run, which could reveal unexpected twists in the makeup of matter and shed more light on the known pantheon of particles including the Higgs boson, discovered in 2012.
Study: Medicare Part D boosts medication adherence, reduces blood pressure risk
Research shows that implementation of Medicare Part D has increased the number of people taking their prescribed medications as directed -- so-called 'medication adherence' -- and reduced the likelihood that newly covered beneficiaries develop high blood pressure.
Study shows where you are is who you are
A recent study suggests that who we are might be more integrated with where we are than previously thought.
Radiotherapy halves deaths from prostate cancer 15 years after diagnosis
A longitudinal Nordic study, comparing the results of hormone (antiandrogen) therapy with or without the addition of local radiotherapy, shows that a combination of treatments halves the risk of death from prostate cancer 15 years after diagnosis.
Antarctic whales and the krill they eat
The Western Antarctic sector of the Southern Ocean is the regular feeding ground of a large number of fin and humpback whales of the Southern Hemisphere.
Novel functionalized nanomaterials for CO2 capture
Climate change due to excessive CO2 levels is one of the most serious problems mankind has ever faced.
Study finds many patients abusing drugs and alcohol are self-medicating chronic pain
With opioid addiction and prescription drug abuse considered one of the biggest public health threats of our time in the US, many are asking why so many Americans are struggling with addiction to illegal drugs and prescription medications.
Honeybees more likely to regulate hive's 'thermostat' during rapid temperature increases
Honeybees use their wings to cool down their hives when temperatures rise, but new University of Colorado Boulder research shows that this intriguing behavior may be linked to both the rate of heating and the size of a honeybee group.
Influential factors of the social divide in child obesity rates
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have identified important early life factors that contribute to childhood obesity rates being different for children from different socio-economic backgrounds.
Salmon smolts find safety in numbers
Using tags surgically implanted into thousands of juvenile salmon, UBC researchers have discovered that many fish die within the first few days of migration from their birthplace to the ocean.
A calcium pump caught in the act
Researchers at Aarhus University have described one of the cell's key enzymes, the calcium pump, in its decisive moment -- a so-called transition state.
Visualizing the lithiation of a nanosized iron-oxide material in real time
An electron microscopy technique for visualizing how lithium ions migrate at the nanoscale could help improve the performance of lithium-ion batteries.
Study shows 4 out of 5 British people are unaware of ocean acidification
A survey of 2,501 members of the public has revealed that just one in five people in Britain are aware of ocean acidification -- a consequence of carbon emissions that poses serious risks to sea-life.
'Goshen Gold,' late-season apricot debuts
'Goshen Gold' apricot was developed and introduced by the Agricultural Research Service breeding program.
Chrysalis BioTherapeutics receives $3 million grant for nuclear countermeasure development
Chrysalis BioTherapeutics, Inc. received a $3 million SBIR Grant from National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to develop its regenerative peptide drug TP508 as a nuclear countermeasure.
Antidepressant use during pregnancy may lengthen umbilical cord
Umbilical cords of children whose mothers used selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors during pregnancy may be longer than umbilical cords of other newborn children, shows a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital.

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#542 Climate Doomsday
Have you heard? Climate change. We did it. And it's bad. It's going to be worse. We are already suffering the effects of it in many ways. How should we TALK about the dangers we are facing, though? Should we get people good and scared? Or give them hope? Or both? Host Bethany Brookshire talks with David Wallace-Wells and Sheril Kirschenbaum to find out. This episode is hosted by Bethany Brookshire, science writer from Science News. Related links: Why Climate Disasters Might Not Boost Public Engagement on Climate Change on The New York Times by Andrew Revkin The other kind...
Now Playing: Radiolab

Breaking Bongo
Deep fake videos have the potential to make it impossible to sort fact from fiction. And some have argued that this blackhole of doubt will eventually send truth itself into a death spiral. But a series of recent events in the small African nation of Gabon suggest it's already happening.  Today, we follow a ragtag group of freedom fighters as they troll Gabon's president - Ali Bongo - from afar. Using tweets, videos and the uncertainty they can carry, these insurgents test the limits of using truth to create political change and, confusingly, force us to ask: Can fake news be used for good? This episode was reported and produced by Simon Adler. Support Radiolab today at Radiolab.org/donate.