Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 10, 2016
Repair cartilage potentially can heal horribly broken bones
Muscle and Medicine reported that hundreds of NFL players have invested in using stem cells to treat injuries.

Highlights of Mayo Clinic studies at 2016 American Urological Association Annual Meeting
Mayo Clinic physicians will present findings on several studies at the 2016 American Urological Association Annual Meeting, to be held May 6-10 in San Diego.

Scientists identify new route of TB transmission
Scientists have discovered a new species of bacteria, Mycobacterium mungi, that causes tuberculosis (TB) and is transmitted through the skin and nose of banded mongoose in Northern Botswana.

To reduce risk for Alzheimer's, skip Lumosity and get onto the yoga mat
In a preliminary study of elderly adults experiencing memory loss, a regimen of yoga and meditation proved as effective in treating the symptoms of mild cognitive impairment as memory enhancement training and even better in tackling coping skills and depression.

Drug does not reduce digital ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis
In an article appearing in the May 10, 2016 issue of JAMA, Dinesh Khanna, M.D., of the University of Michigan Scleroderma Program, Ann Arbor, and colleagues evaluated the efficacy of the drug macitentan in reducing the number of new digital ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis.

Nuclear DNA gets cut and activates immune system to attack cancer cells
The enzyme MUS81 cuts DNA in the nucleus of cancer cells, causing the cut DNA to move to the cytoplasm instead of becoming degraded.

World's oldest axe fragment found in Australia
Australian archaeologists have discovered a piece of the world's oldest axe in the remote Kimberley region of Western Australia.

Low birthweight linked to higher death rates from infancy through adolescence
Low birthweight is associated with increased death rates from infancy through adolescence, according to a population study of live births in England and Wales published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Big thinking in small pieces: Computer guides humans in crowdsourced research
Getting a bunch of people to collectively research and write a coherent report without any one person seeing the big picture may seem akin to a group of toddlers producing Hamlet by randomly pecking at typewriters.

UTSA professor Janakiram Seshu explores new method to stop the spread of Lyme disease
Medication that is normally used to lower cholesterol could stop the spread of Lyme disease, according to a new study co-authored by Janakiram Seshu, associate professor of biology at The University of Texas at San Antonio.

Strathclyde partners in €2.8 million spacecraft removal project
Technology for the removal of satellites from space is to be developed in a €2.8 million project involving the University of Strathclyde.

Math, not skin, may be a better way to help researchers test consumer products, study shows
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy are presenting collaborative research on the use of mathematical methods for understanding the transportation of chemical compounds in biological tissues, like the skin.

Researchers demonstrate link between 'jumping gene' and colon cancer
For the first time, researchers have demonstrated conclusively that 'jumping genes' appear to play a key role in the generation of cancer.

Study points to challenges, hopes of helping vulnerable patients avoid stroke
A study published in Tthe New England Journal of Medicine demonstrates the importance and challenge of treating people at high risk of stroke.

What studying hand-washing is teaching about compliance
In many workplaces, standard processes are the key to a successful operation, ensuring efficiency and safety.

Major global study identifies a safer treatment of acute stroke
The University of Leicester was involved in a study to improve survival rates of stroke victims.

CNIC researchers discover the molecular mechanisms that produce the heart's contractile structure
The study opens new horizons for the study of striated muscle physiology by unveiling the molecular mechanisms that control the structural identity of the cardiac and skeletal tissues.

Gamma-retroviruses preferentially integrate near cancer-associated genes
Identifying the sites where gamma-retroviruses commonly insert into the genome may help to identify genes associated with specific cancer types, according to a study published April 20, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Kathryn Gilroy at the University of Glasgow, UK, and colleagues.

With food, similar substitutes are less satisfying
Sometimes the one thing we want isn't available and we have to settle for second best -- instead of picking the closest substitute, new research suggests we'd be better off picking a not-so-similar alternative.

The New Jersey Innovation Institute joins the MetroLab Network
The New Jersey Innovation Institute (NJII), an NJIT corporation that applies the intellectual and technological resources of the state's science and technology university to challenges identified by industry partners, has joined MetroLab Network, a network of 35 city-university partnerships focused on bringing data, analytics and innovation to local government.

The Lancet: Link between weekend hospital staffing and patient deaths represents 'major oversimplification', say two new studies
The 'weekend effect' -- that patients admitted to hospital over the weekend are at an increased risk of death -- overshadows a much more complex pattern of weekly changes in quality of care, which are unlikely to be addressed by simply increasing the availability of hospital doctors on Saturdays and Sundays, according to two new studies published in The Lancet.

Alcohol accelerates liver damage in people living with hepatitis C
Drinking alcohol can increase the risk of illness and death from the hepatitis C virus.

How does robotic video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery compare to VATS for treating lung cancer?
A new study shows that robotic video-assisted lung resection to remove a tumor achieves comparable outcomes with no significant differences in complications compared to conventional video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), and robotic VATS (RVATS) may allow for preservation of more healthy lung tissue.

Acidification and low oxygen put fish in double jeopardy
Severe oxygen drops in the water can leave trails of fish kills in their wakes, but scientists thought adult fish would be more resilient to the second major threat in coastal waters: acidification.

Hacktivist Fred Trotter receives fourth annual Health Data Liberator award
Today AcademyHealth, a national nonprofit organization that advances the use of health systems research in evidence-based policy and practice, announced health care data journalist and author Fred Trotter as the winner of this year's Health Data Liberator award.

Fairness at work can affect employees' health
Employees' experiences of fairness at work can impact on their health, according to a new study involving the University of East Anglia.

Brain pattern predicts how fast an adult learns a new language
New University of Washington research found that a five-minute measurement of resting-state brain activity predicted how quickly adults learned a second language.

When you take acetaminophen, you don't feel others' pain as much
When you take acetaminophen to reduce your pain, you may also be decreasing your empathy for both the physical and social aches that other people experience, a new study suggests.

Exploring the mathematical universe
A team of more than 80 mathematicians from 12 countries has begun charting the terrain of rich, new mathematical worlds, and sharing their discoveries on the Web.

Intravenous ketamine may rapidly reduce suicidal thinking in depressed patients
Repeat intravenous treatment with low doses of the anesthetic drug ketamine quickly reduced suicidal thoughts in a small group of patients with treatment-resistant depression.

Genetic variations that boost PKC enzyme contribute to Alzheimer's disease
In Alzheimer's disease, plaques of amyloid beta protein accumulate in the brain, damaging connections between neurons.

Obesity less dangerous than 40 years ago
New research from Denmark involving more than 100,000 individuals suggests that the excess risk of premature death associated with obesity has decreased over the past 40 years.

Genetic testing proves Bene Israel community in India has Jewish roots
A new study from Tel Aviv University reveals genetic proof of the Jewish roots of the Bene Israel community in the western part of India.

Stem cells from diabetic patients coaxed to become insulin-secreting cells
Signaling a potential new approach to treating diabetes, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

New research perspectives from Japan and Poland
The symposium 'New Research Perspectives from Japan and Poland' will be held on May 17, 2016, at Jagiellonian University.

Photosynthetic bacteria give biologists a cool new tool
Rice University bioengineers have converted a protein pathway found in freshwater photosynthetic bacteria into the first engineered transcriptional regulatory tool that is activated exclusively by UV-violet light.

As bioenergy booms, certification schemes must consider food security
As countries around the world look for ways to reduce their use of fossil fuels, the growing demand for bioenergy runs the risk of threatening the global food supply.

Public reporting measures fail to describe the true safety of hospitals
Common measures used by government agencies and public rankings to rate the safety of hospitals do not accurately capture the quality of care provided, new research from the Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality suggests.

New device steps toward isolating single electrons for quantum computing
Researchers at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have integrated trapped electrons with superconducting quantum circuits.

Media advisory: Integrated Tick Management Symposium in Washington, D.C.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Entomological Society of America, the IPM Institute of North America, and the North Central IPM Center will hold the 'Integrated Tick Management Symposium: Solving America's Tick-Borne Disease Problem' in Washington, D.C., May 16-17, 2016.

Graphene flakes to calm synapses
Innovative graphene technology to buffer the activity of synapses-- this is the idea behind a recently-published study in the journal ACS Nano coordinated by the International School for Advanced Studies in Trieste and the University of Trieste.

EPA awards $3 million to NJIT's Brownfields Technical Assistance program
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has awarded a $3 million grant to a team of sustainability experts at NJIT who provide technical assistance to communities working to transform contaminated properties into clean and productive land.

Research discovers mechanism that causes cancer cells to escape from the immune system
Researchers at the Texas A&M Health Science Center found that when cancer cells are able to block the function of a gene called NLRC5, they are able to evade the immune system and form tumors, according to research in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Low birthweight linked to higher death rates in infants and adolescents
Babies born with a low birthweight are at an increased risk of death in infancy right through to adolescence compared to babies born at a normal birthweight, according to new research.

Enhancing lab-on-a-chip peristalsis with electro-osmosis
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology's Advanced Technology Development Center in Kharagpur, West Bengal have conducted lubrication theory-based analyses to explore the hydrodynamic effects of improving flow rate in pre-existing peristaltic hardware relying on an external electric field.

Kew report urges global scientific community to secure health of the planet
The first annual State of the World's Plants report, which involved more than 80 scientists and took a year to produce, is a baseline assessment of current knowledge on the diversity of plants on earth, the global threats these plants currently face, as well as the policies in place and their effectiveness in dealing with threats.

New research gives deeper understanding of why some breast cancers are hard to treat
Scientists have unearthed crucial new genetic information about how breast cancer develops and the genetic changes which can be linked to survival.

University of Leicester scientists identify way to 'sniff' ripeness of fruit
A new study finds the chemical signature for ripening of mangoes.

Breast cancer detection rates of mammogram readers don't decline over time
A new study has found there is no decline over time in the accuracy of medical staff who analyze mammogram scans for indications of breast cancer.

Further clues in the fight against chronic fatigue syndrome
New findings regarding the pathology of chronic fatigue syndrome are bringing Griffith University researchers closer to identifying the cause of this disabling illness.

Coral death stops fish from learning predators
In a world first study researchers have found that coral bleaching and death can have dramatic repercussions for how small reef fish learn about and avoid predators.

A personalized virtual heart predicts the risk of sudden cardiac death
A research team has developed a non-invasive 3-D virtual heart to help doctors determine who faces the highest risk of a life-threatening arrhythmia and would benefit from a defibrillator implant.

Dartmouth-Stanford study finds health advertorials misleading but persuasive
Health advertorials, or advertisements camouflaged as credible news, succeed in misleading people, in part, by tamping down their skepticism and expectations for truth in advertising, a Dartmouth College-Stanford University study finds.

How US police departments can clear more homicides
Only about 65 percent of homicides in the United States are solved -- down 15 percent from the mid-1970s -- but a new study led by a Michigan State University criminologist examines how some police departments are getting it right.

Highlights from the 2nd European Stroke Organisation Conference 2016
Over 3,500 delegates attended ESOC 2016 today in Barcelona. Today's program included teaching courses, scientific presentations, an official welcome from the ESOC President Professor Kennedy Lees and from Professor Angel Chamorro, and presentations from major clinical trials.

Mouse model of autism offers insights to human patients, potential drug targets
A new mouse model of a genetically-linked type of autism reveals more about the role of genes in the disorder and the underlying brain changes associated with autism's social and learning problems.

Early life stress accelerates maturation of key brain region in male mice
Scientists studying how stress in early childhood affects the brain have new evidence from a study in male mice that a key region, the hippocampus, appears to mature faster.

Industry collaboration and consumer pressure key to stopping 'conflict minerals' trade
Responsible sourcing of raw minerals from conflict regions could be achieved if firms were to collaborate and if there was more pressure from consumers, a new University of Sussex report argues.

Daffodils help inspire design of stable structures
Researchers from in South Korea have found that a structure with a twisted, helical shape and an elliptical cross section -- inspired by the stem of a daffodil -- can reduce drag and eliminate side-force fluctuations.

Nation's beekeepers lost 44 percent of bees in 2015-16
United States beekeepers lost 44 percent of their honey bee colonies from April 2015 to April 2016, according to the latest preliminary results of an annual nationwide survey.

Silk stabilizes blood samples for months at high temperatures
Researchers at Tufts University have stabilized blood samples for long periods of time without refrigeration and at high temperatures by encapsulating them in air-dried silk protein.

Long-term survival achieved in metastatic melanoma with personalized vaccine
Two patients with melanoma that had spread to the liver survived for at least 8.5 and 12 years after resection of the hepatic tumor and treatment with patient-specific immunotherapeutic vaccines.

These space rocks could save the planet
The planetary defense team at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory -- part of an international collaboration to detect and deflect the next large Earth-bound object -- is preparing meteorites received from NASA to be vaporized by a high-powered laser.

Junk food causes similar high blood sugar levels as type 2 diabetes
A junk food diet can cause as much damage to the kidney as diabetes, according to a study published in Experimental Physiology.

London researchers first in Canada to use improved prostate cancer imaging
Scientists at Lawson Health Research Institute are the first in Canada to capture prostate cancer images using a new molecule.

Study suggests new treatment for seizures
Researchers from Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., have discovered a new factor in the escalation of seizures: the synthesis, or generation, of estrogens in the brain.

Reading an opponent's face gives the edge in martial arts
There's more to excelling in the combat sport of taekwondo than just being able to produce well-aimed kicks or punches.

LED treatments enhance lettuce phytochemicals, antioxidants
Scientists investigated the effects of combined red (R) blue (B) LED with or without green (G) LED light and white LED light on hydroponically grown lettuce.

Grant helps project realize 'ultra-productive' biofuel crops, attract investors
The University of Illinois and the University of Florida have been awarded a third round of funding from the US Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) to realize ultra-productive biofuel crops.

Psychology has important role in helping older Americans as they age
With more than 13 percent of Americans currently over age 65, and that proportion expected to grow in the coming decades, psychology has played and will continue to play an important part in helping seniors maintain their health, adjust to retirement and prevent cognitive decline, according to the flagship journal of the American Psychological Association.

New study: Has HDL, the 'good' cholesterol, been hyped?
A new study shows for the first time that HDL's heart disease protection depends on the levels of two other blood fats or lipids associated with heart disease.

Radioactive isotopes reveal age of oil and gas wastewater spills
A Duke study shows that radium isotopes in soils can be used to determine the age of oil and gas wastewater spills.

Study examines use of telemedicine among rural medicare beneficiaries
Although the number of Medicare telemedicine visits increased more than 25 percent a year for the past decade, in 2013, less than 1 percent of rural Medicare beneficiaries received a telemedicine visit, according to a study appearing in the May 10, 2016 issue of JAMA.

Rapid diagnostics for multidrug resistant organisms in combat-related infection
With funding from a Fiscal Year 2012 Military Infectious Diseases Applied Research Award, Dr.

How algae could save plants from themselves
Algae may hold the key to feeding the world's burgeoning population.

Out of mind, out of sight
Ever search desperately for something, then realize you were looking straight at it the whole time?

Nuclear physics' interdisciplinary progress
The theoretical view of the structure of the atom nucleus is not carved in stone.

BMJ is supporting overseas nurses seeking employment in the UK
BMJ OnExamination, a leading provider of medical revision resources, is supporting adult field nurses seeking employment in the UK to prepare for the part 1 Test of Competence exam set by the Nursing and Midwifery Council.

AP-NORC -- New survey shows that retirement includes work for many older Americans
Departing the workforce entirely and entering retirement at age 65 is no longer a reality for many older people in the United States, according to a recent survey by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Unsafe sex is fastest-growing risk for ill health in teens
The Lancet Commission's groundbreaking report finds that years of neglect have had detrimental effects on adolescent health.

Berkeley Lab scientists brew jet fuel in 1-pot recipe
Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute have engineered a strain of bacteria that enables a 'one-pot' method for producing advanced biofuels from a slurry of pre-treated plant material.

Britain slow to adjust to gender equality in work-family roles
Gender equality in work-family roles has not yet been reached in Britain, with a fifth of families still relying on the father being the sole full-time breadwinner despite a significant growth in dual earning households, according to new research.

Hijacked cell division helped fuel rise of fungi
The more than 90,000 known species of fungi may owe their abilities to spread and even cause disease to an ancient virus that hijacked their cell division machinery, researchers report.

Political lobbying, connections may help airlines profits take off
Government lobbying and political connections may add lift to the air transportation industry's profitability, but they could also cause a crash in talented transportation administrators, according to a Penn State Harrisburg researcher.

'The Five Horsemen of the Modern World'
Global warming, food shortages, water shortages and quality, chronic illness and obesity -- these worldwide crises share striking similarities: each is getting worse, despite extensive and concerted efforts to control them.

Dartmouth researcher, collaborators announce new way to explore mathematical universe
An international group of mathematicians at Dartmouth College and other institutions have released a new online resource that provides detailed maps of previously uncharted mathematical terrain.

New investigation of endovenous laser ablation of varicose veins
This original study conducted by researchers from Ogarev Mordovia State University and Kazan Federal University presents the results of experiments on endovenous laser ablation of varicose veins in vitro using laser radiation of a solid-state laser and identifying the role a carbonized layer of blood in these experiments.

Gene mutations shown to cause form of HSP
Scientists at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (MNI) have identified novel gene mutations that cause hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), a step forward in efforts to treat this debilitating disease.

Why cancer drugs can't take the pressure
A major reason why cancer drugs fail is that they cannot penetrate the high-pressure environment of solid tumors.

Illinois River water quality improvement linked to more efficient corn production
In a new University of Illinois study, nitrate concentrations and loads in the Illinois River from 1983 to 2014 were correlated with agricultural nitrogen use efficiency and nitrate discharged from Chicago's treated wastewater.

Black students more likely to be identified as gifted if teachers are black
African-American children are three times as likely to be placed in gifted-education programs if they have a black teacher rather than a white teacher, according to research conducted by faculty members at the Indiana University School of Public and Environmental Affairs and Vanderbilt University.

When the physical world is unreliable
A new study out today in the journal Translational Psychiatry sheds further light on the idea that schizophrenia is a sensory disorder and that individuals with the condition are impaired in their ability to process stimuli from the outside world.

Fort McMurray inferno; doctors describe medical evacuation
An exclusive CMAJ news article recounts the medical evacuation of the Fort McMurray hospital and the challenges in ensuring the safety of more than 120 patients as the unpredictable inferno raged in Alberta, Canada.

Why bad experiences are remembered out of context
Bad experiences can cause people to strongly remember the negative content itself but only weakly remember the surrounding context, and a new UCL study funded by the Medical Research Council and Wellcome Trust has revealed how this happens in the brain.

Space technology comes down to earth in new agricultural device
Space technology is to be put to work on Earth -- in a device for testing soil quality, in research involving the University of Strathclyde.

Potential target in treatment of oral cancer discovered
For the first time, researchers have identified a reliable marker (PDGFRβ) to detect carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (cells within the tumor that encourage growth and metastasis) (CAFs) in oral cancer tissues.

Phones at the dinner table: U-M study explores attitudes
Checking email for work. Posting a photo to Facebook. Texting the kids to come downstairs.

Big data, 3-D printing and robots: Marine Corps Commandant touts ONR S&T
Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC) Gen. Robert B. Neller recently visited the Office of Naval Research (ONR) to get a close-up look at some of the latest technologies being developed for the US Marine Corps -- from autonomous systems to virtual reality training devices.

TSRI team streamlines biomedical research by making genetic data easier to search
A team of scientists at the Scripps Research Institute is expanding web services to make biomedical research more efficient.

Northern Galapagos Islands home to world's largest shark biomass
In a study published today in the journal PeerJ, scientists from the Charles Darwin Research Station and the National Geographic Society revealed that the northern Galápagos islands of Darwin and Wolf are home to the largest shark biomass reported to date (12.4 tons per hectare).

Breath test may help diagnose irritable bowel syndrome
There is currently no specific diagnostic test for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but now researchers have identified a combination of 16 different substances in the breath that, when measured together, can accurately distinguish IBS patients from people without the condition.

Common antacid linked to accelerated vascular aging
Chronic use of some drugs for heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) speeds up the aging of blood vessels.

Intraocular therapy prevents or reverses diabetic retinopathy in mice
Pathologic changes of the retina caused by diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in working adults.

Breast cancer screening accuracy and time spent evaluating mammograms
Longer time spent by film readers interpreting screening mammograms did not result in a reduced rate of breast cancer detection, according to a study appearing in the May 10, 2016 issue of JAMA.

Winter is coming! New sensors could cut millions from gritting costs
'Winter is Coming,' the motto of the House of Stark, from the hit TV series 'Game of Thrones,' warns of the inevitable onset of bad weather and bad times, and implies the need to prepare.

Penn bioengineers show why lab-made stem cells might fail: Errors in DNA folding
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have now discovered one of the reasons why Induced pluripotent stem don't always correctly differentiate back into adult cells : the reversion process does not always fully capture the way a cell's genome is folded up inside its nucleus.

Researchers discover first safe way to deliver drugs to the placenta
For the first time, researchers have devised a method to selectively deliver drugs to a pregnant woman's placenta without harming the foetus, in a development which could help prevent some premature births and treat conditions such as pre-eclampsia.

Chapman University research shows body image strongly linked to overall life satisfaction
Chapman University has just published the results of a national study on the factors linked to satisfaction with appearance and weight.

Loss of chromosome 8p governs tumor suppression and drug response
In a typical cancer cell, up to one-quarter of the genome is lost due to large chromosomal deletions, while the concomitant loss of hundreds of genes creates vulnerabilities that are impossible to reveal through the study of individual genes.

More than 1,200 new planets confirmed using new technique for verifying Kepler data
Scientists from Princeton University and NASA have confirmed that 1,284 objects observed outside Earth's solar system by NASA's Kepler spacecraft are indeed planets.

Three lessons gut microbes have taught us about antibiotics
Antibiotics have proven to be a double-edged sword: capable of killing a range of bacteria that cause infections, but also depleting our gut microbes, impairing our immune system, and increasing vulnerability to infection by superbugs.

Modeling and simulation help optimize chemotherapy to combat brain tumor
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital used advanced pharmacologic modeling and simulation for the first time to translate promising laboratory results into a phase I clinical trial for pediatric brain tumor patients.

Migraine drugs underused
New research shows that more migraines could be safely treated with drugs that are known to constrict blood vessels.

Building compact particle accelerators: Bunching electrons can get more done
In the world of particle accelerators, laser wakefield devices are small, but mighty upstarts.

Young women in STEM fields earn up to one-third less than men
One year after they graduate, women with Ph.D.s in science and engineering fields earn 31 percent less than do men, according to a new study using previously unavailable data.

Heartburn drug damages blood vessel cells in lab finding
A commonly used heartburn medication caused blood vessel cells to age faster in laboratory testing.

Springtime in the Rockies: The Geological Society of America's Rocky Mountain Section Meeting
Geoscientists from the across the Rocky Mountain region and beyond will convene in Moscow, Idaho, on May 18-19 to discuss hot-topic science, expand on current findings, and explore the region's unique geologic features.

Archaeologists find world's oldest axe in Australia
Archaeologists from the Australian National University have unearthed fragments from the edge of the world's oldest-known axe, found in the Kimberley region of Western Australia.

Do homeopathic remedies work? (video)
Homeopathic remedies are marketed as effective alternatives to traditional medicine.

New design of primitive quantum computer finds application
Scientists and engineers from the Universities of Bristol and Western Australia have developed how to efficiently simulate a 'quantum walk' on a new design for a primitive quantum computer.

Coral mass spawning triggered by seasonal rises in ocean temperature
Scientists have discovered rapidly rising seasonal sea temperatures are the likely trigger for coral reproduction allowing them to predict when mass spawning will occur.

Distance wireless charging enhanced by magnetic metamaterials
UAB researchers have developed a system which efficiently transfers electrical energy between two separate circuits.

Increase seen in the BMI associated with lowest risk of death
In a study appearing in the May 10, 2016 issue of JAMA, Børge G.

AAA: Fatal road crashes involving marijuana double after state legalizes drug
Fatal crashes involving drivers who recently used marijuana doubled in Washington after the state legalized the drug, according to the latest research by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

National Academy of Sciences elects 2 members from UChicago
Two University of Chicago faculty members have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Patients and doctors in Brazil need better education on leprosy
Better education for both patients and doctors on how to spot the early symptoms of leprosy would help to reduce cases of the disease in Brazil, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Birmingham.

The anatomy of flower color
Roses are red, violets are blue. Everybody knows that, but what makes them so?

Interventional policies and practices needed to prevent bullying and its harm
Bullying is a serious public health problem, with significant short- and long-term psychological consequences for both the targets and perpetrators of such behavior, and requires a commitment to developing preventive and interventional policies and practices that could make a tangible difference in the lives of many children, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Researchers integrate diamond/boron nitride crystalline layers for high-power devices
Materials researchers have developed a new technique to deposit diamond on the surface of cubic boron nitride, integrating the two materials into a single crystalline structure.

Performing cellular surgery with a laser-powered nanoblade
To study certain aspects of cells, researchers need the ability to take the innards out, manipulate them, and put them back.

Stave off cognitive decline with seafood
Eating a meal of seafood or other foods containing omega-3 fatty acids at least once a week may protect against age-related memory loss and thinking problems in older people, according to a team of researchers at Rush University Medical Center and Wageningen University in the Netherlands.

International team launches vast atlas of mathematical objects
An international group of mathematicians at MIT and other institutions has released a new online resource that provides detailed maps of previously uncharted mathematical terrain.

Study links parental depression to brain changes and risk-taking in adolescents
A new study concludes that parental depression contributes to greater brain activity in areas linked to risk taking in adolescent children, likely leading to more risk-taking and rule-breaking behaviors.

BPD strongly associated with risk of STI/HIV transmission for straight black men in jail
A study from the Department of Population Health at NYULMC and New York University's Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, led by Scheidell, is the first to examine the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and the risk for HIV and other STIs in an adult male criminal justice population.

Telemedicine use increases among rural Medicare beneficiaries
Telemedicine use in Medicare has been increasing rapidly, and in 2013 there were over 100,000 telemedicine visits for Medicare beneficiaries.

Dementia prevention study signs up first recruit
A major study to find interventions that prevent the onset of Alzheimer's dementia has recruited its first participant.

US must step-up forest pest prevention, new study says
Imported forest pests cause billions of dollars in damages each year, and US property owners and municipalities foot most of the bill.

Gene mutation leads to poorly understood birth defects
Scientists have identified genetic mutations that appear to be a key culprit behind a suite of birth defects called ciliopathies, which affect an estimated 1 in 1,000 births.

Swept up in the solar wind
The sun's outer layer, the corona, constantly streams out charged particles called the solar wind.

Research shows youth sports hazing victims often in denial
The true incidence of hazing in youth sports is unknown because victims don't report the mistreatment or fail to recognize it as hazing, according to a review of scientific literature on the subject by a team of Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers.

Tuberculosis in mongoose driven by social behaviors
Mongoose use urine and anal gland secretions to communicate with other members of their species.

Clue for development of diagnosis, treatment Alzheimer's disease
A group of researchers at Osaka University succeeded in increasing the velocity constant for a reaction in which proteins causing Alzheimer disease turn into toxic substances to 1,000 times by using optimum frequency of ultrasonic irradiation.

Good nutrition positively affects social development, Penn research shows
In preschoolers, proper nutrition positively affects social development, a connection discovered by University of Pennsylvania researchers Jianghong Liu and Adrian Raine.

GW researchers use light to control human heart cells and expedite development of new drugs
A team of researchers at the George Washington University has developed a faster method to predict whether potential new drugs will cause heart arrhythmias using optogenetics, a technique that uses light to control cells.

New study shows rapid marsh bank sediment build up does not equate land loss resilience
A new study published in Geology by LSU Department of Oceanography & Coastal Sciences Assistant Professor Giulio Mariotti proposes a new framework to look at sediment fluxes in marsh channels that takes into account the natural process of sediment recycling.

Scientists digitally mimic evolution to create novel proteins
For decades, scientists have searched for ways to design new proteins that can serve specific purposes in medicine, research, and industry.

Inamori International Center selects Transparency International founder Peter Eigen
The Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence at Case Western Reserve University has selected Peter Eigen, founder of Transparency International and pioneer of the global fight against corruption, for the 2016 Inamori Ethics Prize.

Taking malaria breath markers to the world
Australian scientists will be field testing their ground-breaking breath markers for malaria, thanks to a $1.4 million research grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

UM study: Wildfires to increase in Alaska with future climate change
Climate change is melting glaciers, reducing sea-ice cover and increasing wildlife activity -- with some of the most dramatic impacts occurring in the northern high latitudes. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to