Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 11, 2016
A 'communication breakdown' during general anesthesia
When ketamine is used for general anesthesia, two connected parts of the cortex turn to 'isolated cognitive islands.'

Tent camping could lead to flame retardant exposure
For campers, nothing beats sleeping in a tent in the great outdoors.

Validation of an IHC screening tool for ROS1 gene rearrangements
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is an effective tool that can be used for identifying proto-oncogene 1 receptor tyrosine kinase (ROS1) gene rearrangements and screening patients for the administration of the targeted therapy crizotinib, a small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor.

NIH study adapts Health Information National Trends Survey into ASL
A Rochester Institute of Technology researcher is investigating how deaf adults, proficient in American Sign Language, use the Internet for health-related information.

You are what you eat: IU biologists map genetic pathways of nutrition-based species traits
Biologists at Indiana University have significantly advanced understanding of the genetic pathways that control the appearance of different physical traits in the same species depending on nutritional conditions experienced during development.

New brain research may help treat single-sided deafness
A new discovery could help people suffering with single-sided deafness find a treatment quicker -- and could potentially lead to a cure.

Major clinical trials on the agenda of the European Stroke Organisation Conference
Over 3,700 delegates attended ESOC 2016 today in Barcelona. Today's program included teaching courses, scientific presentations, and presentations from major clinical trials.

Fruit discovery could provide new treatments for obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease
A combination of two compounds found in red grapes and oranges could be used to improve the health of people with diabetes, and reduce cases of obesity and heart disease.

Chemists find 'huge shortcut' for organic synthesis using C-H bonds
Chemists have demonstrated the ability to selectively functionalize the unreactive carbon-hydrogen (C-H) bonds of an alkane without using a directing group, while also maintaining virtually full control of site selectivity and the three-dimensional shape of the molecules produced.

New test by deepest galaxy map finds Einstein's theory stands true
New study by Kavli IPMU researchers shows Einstein's theory of general relativity is still valid 13 billion light years from Earth.

Real-time influenza tracking with 'big data'
A team led by researchers at Boston Children's Hospital shows that cloud-based data from electronic health records can be used to pick up cases of influenza in real time, at least one week ahead of CDC reporting.

New species from the Pliocene of Tibet reveals origin of ice age mountain sheep
Paleontologists reports a new genus and species of fossil sheep from the Pliocene of Zanda Basin in Tibet.

Caregivers of ICU survivors at high risk of developing depression, emotional distress
A new Canadian study focusing on caregiver outcomes of critically ill patients reveals that caregivers of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors, who have received mechanical ventilation for a minimum of seven days, are at a high risk of developing clinical depression persisting up to one year after discharge.

Fossil dog represents a new species, Penn paleontology grad student finds
A doctoral student at the University of Pennsylvania has identified a new species of fossil dog.

Greater social media use tied to higher risk of eating and body image concerns
Logging on to social media sites frequently throughout the week or spending hours trolling various social feeds during the day is linked to a greater risk of young adults developing eating and body image concerns, a University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine analysis discovered.

New archaeological method finds children were skilled ceramists during the Bronze Age
Artisanal interpretation of ceramics from the Bronze Age shows that a 9-year-old child could be a highly skilled artisan.

Mouse models show how Zika infects a fetus during pregnancy
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis (WashU) have established the first models of Zika virus transmission from a pregnant mouse to her fetus.

The Lancet: Abortion rates at all-time low in developed countries but remain unchanged in developing countries
Abortion rates have declined significantly over the last 25 years in developed countries and are at a historic low.

Brief report on mucocutaneous findings, course in adult with Zika virus infection
What are the mucocutaneous (skin and mucous membrane) features of a 44-year-old man who returned from a six-day vacation to Puerto Rico with confirmatory testing for Zika virus?

Walking ability predictor of adverse outcomes following cardiac surgery
Among more than 15,000 patients who underwent cardiac surgery, slow gait speed before surgery was associated an increased risk of death following surgery, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

Ways to improve patient comfort during skin cancer screening
Pitt research suggests that dermatologists can make patients more comfortable during full-body skin cancer screenings by respecting patient preferences for the physician's gender as well as whether, and how, they prefer to have their genitals examined.

Technique processes RFID signals rapidly for real-time interactivity
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags are designed primarily for inventory control, but researchers at Disney Research and Carnegie Mellon University have found a way to process the tag signals with sufficient speed to make them suitable for use in games, physical interfaces and other interactive objects.

Children with swollen, painful knees: Is it Lyme disease or septic arthritis?
Septic or infectious arthritis of the knee and Lyme disease have similar symptoms in children but require different immediate treatment to ensure optimal recovery.

Crowd-augmented cognition
Crowdsourcing has brought us Wikipedia and ways to understand how HIV proteins fold.

Level of self-control linked to environment
Researchers discovered that people with neurotic personalities are more likely to restore their cognitive abilities in a frenetic, urban environment rather than in a peaceful, natural environment.

In a connected world, privacy becomes a group effort
As the world grows more social and connects more online, privacy management is becoming more collaborative, according to Penn State researchers.

PET scans reveal that tau predicts Alzheimer's disease progression
Thanks to positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of tau, which has only recently become available, researchers now report that tau tangles provide a good indication of cognitive decline in later stages of the disease.

Social objects in the brain
A new study from researchers at Interacting Minds Centre at Aarhus University, published in the scientific journal NeuroImage, used LEGO bricks to investigate the neurocognitive underpinnings of our engagements with symbolic objects.

Could flies help us understand brain injuries?
A new study led by SDSU scientists suggests that using fruit flies as a traumatic brain injury model may hold the key to identifying important genes and pathways that promote the repair of and minimize damage to the nervous system.

0.5 keV soft X-ray attosecond continua in Nature Communications
ICFO researchers have demonstrated attosecond temporal resolution in combination with atomic selectivity.

Same-day HIV treatment improves health outcomes, BU study finds
A clinical trial of same-day initiation of antiretroviral therapy for HIV patients in South Africa led to a higher proportion of people starting treatment and to better health outcomes, according to a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher.

Collaborative effort leads to unique informatics degree program
MU's College of Engineering, College of Veterinary Medicine and School of Medicine see the need for a new breed of well-rounded researchers, and a five-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health will help the University of Missouri pave the way in health informatics.

Exoplanets' complex orbital structure points to planetary migration in solar systems
The four planets of the Kepler-223 star system seem to have little in common with the planets of Earth's own solar system.

Ontario rotavirus hospitalizations drop 71 percent after launch of infant vaccine program
Immunizing babies against rotavirus in Ontario, Canada, led to a 71 percent drop in hospitalizations for the infection, new research from Public Health Ontario and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences has shown.

New research shows sensitivity to oxidative stress is not always linked to aging
A study published in the US journal, Aging by the University of Surrey and University of Rochester has made an important breakthrough in understanding the impact of oxygen exposure on the aging process of mammal cells.

Researchers unveil new, detailed images of DNA transcription
An unprecedented molecular view of the critical early events in gene expression, a process essential for all life, has been provided by researchers at Georgia State University, the University of California at Berkeley and Northwestern University.

Mouse models of Zika in pregnancy show how fetuses become infected
Two mouse models of Zika virus infection in pregnancy have been developed by a team of researchers at Washington School of Medicine in St.

Brain imaging links Alzheimer's decline to tau protein
Using a new imaging agent that binds to the Alzheimer's-linked tau protein and makes it visible in positron emission tomography scans, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Open neuroscience: Collaborative Neuroimaging Lab finalist for the Open Science Prize
While digital neuroimaging data abound, analytical tools and infrastructure are not scaling accordingly.

How urban living affects children's mental health
Lower social cohesion among neighbors and higher crime rates contribute to higher rates of psychotic symptoms in children, a new study from researchers at Duke University and King's College London finds.

NHS needs to perform more weight loss surgery to curb the obesity epidemic
The NHS should significantly increase rates of weight loss surgery to 50,000 a year, closer to the European average, to bring major health benefits for patients and help reduce healthcare costs in the long term, argue experts in The BMJ this week.

FSU researcher targets on-off switch of cardiac contraction
Jose Pinto, a researcher in the Florida State University College of Medicine, will use a $1.8 million National Institutes of Health grant to study how the heart's calcium is regulated and how to correct a calcium imbalance using an inside approach in the cardiac cell.

Zika virus damages placenta, kills fetal mice
Zika virus infects and crosses the placentas of pregnant mice and causes severe damage or death in fetal mice, report scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health.

25 myths of dating, sex and marriage debunked in new book
How we feel about ourselves and those we love depends in large part on the assumptions and expectations we hold about romantic relationships.

Archaeologists uncover 13,000-year-old bones of ancient, extinct species of bison
In what is considered one of the oldest and most important archaeological digs in North America, scientists have uncovered what they believe are the bones of a 13,000- to 14,000-year-old ancient, extinct species of bison.

Cosmic dust reveals Earth's ancient atmosphere
Using the oldest fossil micrometeorites -- space dust -- ever found, Monash University-led research has made a surprising discovery about the chemistry of Earth's atmosphere 2.7 billion years ago.

Persistent childhood asthma linked to COPD
In the largest and longest US analysis of persistent asthmatics to date, investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital found a link between persistent childhood asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in early adulthood.

Researchers prove humans in Southern Arabia 10,000 years earlier than first thought
The last Ice Age made much of the globe uninhabitable, but there were oases -- or refugia -- where people 20,000 years ago were able to cluster and survive.

US stroke hospitalizations drop overall, but increase for young people and African-Americans
Nationwide, hospitalizations for strokes fell almost 20 percent between 2000 and 2010.

TGAC installs largest SGI UV 300 supercomputer for life sciences worldwide
The Genome Analysis Centre partners with Global HPC hardware giant SGI to address the most complex problems in genomics analysis.

How the spectacular Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain became so bendy
The physical mechanism causing the unique, sharp bend in the spectacular Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain has been uncovered in a collaboration between the University of Sydney and Caltech.

What mountain gorillas reveal with their teeth
Mountain gorillas from Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda eat up to 30 kilos of plants a day and their diet is highly varied in a habitat that is becoming increasingly fragmented as a result of illegal hunting and deforestation.

Doctors use Bitcoin tech to improve transparency in clinical trial research
Two clinicians have devised a new system to prevent clinical trial documents being secretly altered to make new medications look more effective than they are.

How to make a faster ski
Although ski season is behind us, serious skiers are already looking ahead to next season and searching for ways to shave split-seconds off their race times.

Study reveals fox squirrels' 'tell-tail' signs of frustration
Fox squirrels flick their tails when they can't get a cherished nut in much the same way that humans kick a vending machine that fails to deliver the anticipated soda or candy bar, according to new research from the University of California, Berkeley.

The first long-horned beetle giving birth to live young discovered in Borneo
A remarkably high diversity of the wingless long-horned beetles in the mountains of northern Borneo is reported by three Czech researchers.

Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting TB in HIV+ adults
An international review team has prepared a Cochrane systematic review to assess the accuracy of a point-of-care urine test for diagnosing and screening tuberculosis in people living with human immunodeficiency virus.

Mysterious mounds created by earthworms
Mysterious spectacular mounds found in the earth in tropical wetlands in South America are created by earthworms, researchers have found.

Abstinence may not be the best policy for avoiding online risk
The online world is full of risky situations for teens, but allowing them to gradually build their own coping strategies may be a better parental strategy than forbidding Internet use, according to a team of researchers.

New technology detects blood clots with simple in-home test
NSF-Funded UC research leads to a screening test for patients on blood thinners to reduce the risk for a blood clot or stroke that's as easy as an in-home diabetes test.

MIT course challenges students to reinvent 3-D printing
John Hart, the Mitsui Career Development Associate Professor in Contemporary Technology and Mechanical Engineering at MIT, says early education on 3-D printing is the key to helping the technology expand as an industry.

Scientists ID genes associated with educational attainment
A USC co-author of the study says the genes that are correlated with educational attainment are expressed in the brain during prenatal development.

An enzyme enigma discovered in the abyss
Scientists at the Universities of Bristol and Newcastle have uncovered the secret of the 'Mona Lisa of chemical reactions' -- in a bacterium that lives at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean.

How to boost online ratings
New research suggests that consumers are more likely to give a positive review if they experience time and space distance before writing a review.

Paper gets 'smart' with drawn-on, stenciled sensor tags
Researchers from the University of Washington, Disney Research and Carnegie Mellon University have created ways to give a piece of paper sensing capabilities that allows it to respond to gesture commands and connect to the digital world.

Study of U2 could help music fans find what they're looking for
Music fans' emotions could be used to help them find new songs online, according to research at the University of Strathclyde.

New PSA test examines protein structures to detect prostate cancers
A promising new test is detecting prostate cancer more precisely than current tests, by identifying molecular changes in the prostate specific antigen (PSA) protein, according to Cleveland Clinic research presented at the American Urological Association annual meeting.

From a bulletin to a modern open-access journal: Italian Botanist in Pensoft's portfolio
Established in the distant 1888, the Italian Botanical Society has gone a long way towards publishing its achievements and research.

Children of depressed parents at high risk of adverse consequences into adulthood
The latest report from a 30-year study of families at high- and low-risk for depression reveals that the offspring of depressed parents have a higher risk for depression, morbidity and mortality that persists into middle age.

Chicken coops, sewage treatment plants are hot spots of antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria most often are associated with hospitals and other health-care settings, but a new study indicates that chicken coops and sewage treatment plants also are hot spots of antibiotic resistance.

€3.5 million for innovative Alzheimer's training and research program
A pan-European consortium of researchers and diagnostics experts led by Plymouth University, has received funding of €3.5 million for a project which could revolutionize the effectiveness of Alzheimer's diagnosis and clinical drug trials -- which in turn may lead to disease-modifying treatments and prevention strategies.

NSF grant to enable research computing infrastructure dedicated to science and engineering
A $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation will enable FAU to install networking infrastructure to amplify its ability to conduct data-intensive science and engineering research.

Frequency of extreme heat waves on the increase in Africa: Could occur annually by 2040
Climate analysis shows that periods of unusually hot weather are on the rise for one of the most vulnerable continents to climate change, even if the increase in global average temperature remains at a modest level.

Stroke in younger Danish adults spiked over the past two decades
Stroke and 'warning stroke' in young adults may be on the rise in Denmark.

UK study shows new potential marker for obesity
A new study led by University of Kentucky researchers and published in Nature shows a potential new biological marker for the development of obesity and a possible target for obesity prevention and treatment.

Innovative traffic interchanges help drivers avoid crashes, save lives
The state of Missouri is a pioneer in adopting Diverging Diamond Interchanges (DDIs) named for their innovative design.

Penn State to lead University Coalition for Fossil Energy Research
Penn State will lead a University Coalition for Fossil Energy Research (UCFER) that will identify, select, execute, review and disseminate knowledge from research that will advance basic and applied research for clean energy in support of the US Department of Energy mission.

CAMH and MEMOTEXT sign MOU to co-develop mobile health intervention for schizophrenia
Award-winning app is designed to engage patients with schizophrenia with recovery process more fully, and enhance self-management of illness beyond clinical care.

Fast casual restaurant entrées higher in calories than fast food
Dieters looking to cut calories may believe it's best to pick a fast casual restaurant over a fast food chain, but new research from the University of South Carolina shows that may not be the best choice.

Wolf pups more likely to play on equal terms with similarly aged partners
Wolf puppy play behaviors may be influenced by their play partner's age, according to a study published May 11, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jennifer Essler from the Messerli Research Institute (Vetmed Vienna) and the Wolf Science Center, Austria, and colleagues.

Treating sleep apnea could reduce emergencies in hospitalized patients
According to research published today in PLOS ONE, treating high-risk hospitalized patients for sleep apnea may decrease the frequency of emergency rescues from hospital personnel, known as rapid response events.

Soft wearable robot lightens heavy loads
A flexible exosuit, developed by researchers at Harvard University, reduces the energy cost of walking when carrying heavy load, according to a proof-of-principle study published in the open-access Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.

How cosmetic companies use science to back up product advertising
If claims on cosmetic products' labels are to be believed, users would all look 10 years younger and have luscious, frizz-proof hair.

Studying global warming events from millions of years ago for insight into climate change
A team of scientists led by researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington is examining global warming events that happened millions of years ago in order to gain new insights into present-day climate change.

Genetic variants may put some soldiers at higher risk of PTSD
In a massive analysis of DNA samples from more than 13,000 US soldiers, scientists have identified two statistically significant genetic variants that may be associated with an increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder, an often serious mental illness linked to earlier exposure to a traumatic event, such as combat and an act of violence.

These audio cues are for the birds
While analyzing and untangling multiple environmental sounds is an important social tool for humans, for animals that analysis is a critical survival skill.

IU Center for Aging Research founding director honored by American Geriatrics Society
Christopher Callahan, M.D., the founding director of the Indiana University Center for Aging Research, a Regenstrief Institute investigator and Cornelius and Yvonne Pettinga Professor of Medicine at Indiana University School of Medicine, is the recipient of the American Geriatrics Society's Edward Henderson Award.

Research examines some losses in the devices that convert solar energy into useful heat
The engineer Fabienne Sallaberry has calculated the losses sustained by solar thermal collectors, devices that convert the sun's energy into useful heat, when one of their components is not correctly focusing the direct solar radiation.

Gut model HuMiX works like the real thing
Scientists from the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg have now proven that a model of the human gut they have developed and patented -- HuMiX -- is representative of the actual conditions and processes that occur within our intestines.

NTU partners with Wageningen University in food science and technology
Nanyang Technological University and Wageningen University of the Netherlands have established a joint Ph.D. program in food science and technology.

Into the wild with DNA: Using portable nanopore DNA sequencers to combat wildlife crime
University of Leicester researchers aim to develop a test using DNA to identify species at crime scenes in as little as an hour.

Terrific tech: BEMR, EMILY on display at Sea-Air-Space
Robotic lifeguards, virtual and augmented realities, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that can autonomously swarm and overwhelm an enemy -- all will be on display to the public during the Sea-Air-Space Exposition, at the Office of Naval Research (ONR) booth No.

Twin study finds that gut microbiomes run in families
A genome-wide association analysis of over 1,000 twins in the UK supports that some parts of our microbiomes are inherited and shaped -- not through a spread of microbes from parent to child, but through our genes.

GPM measures deadly flooding rainfall in Haiti and the Dominican Republic
Over the past week extreme rainfall caused flooding that resulted in the deaths of four in Haiti and the evacuation of over 2,500 people in the Dominican Republic.

BGI and UW Medicine to collaborate on precision medicine development
BGI, one of the world's largest genomics organizations, and UW Medicine, the academic medical and health system at the University of Washington, have signed a memorandum of understanding to collaborate on biomedical technology development.

Targeted orphaned domain may lead to drug therapies
By studying an orphaned domain considered disordered by others, Michaela Jansen, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Cell Physiology and Molecular Biophysics at the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC), may have found the key to possible drug therapies for nervous system diseases and inflammatory processes.

High fruit intake during adolescence linked with lower breast cancer risk
Two linked papers in The BMJ this week shed new light on the relation of alcohol and diet with breast cancer and heart disease.

Why do tomatoes smell 'grassy'?
A Japanese research group has identified the enzymes that change the grassy odor of plants into a sweeter 'green' fragrance.

CancerCare releases landmark patient access and engagement report
A landmark report illustrating the many physical, emotional, financial, practical and informational needs cancer patients experience during and after clinical treatment was released today by CancerCare, a national nonprofit organization that provides free psychosocial support, education and financial assistance to anyone affected by cancer.

Do you see what I see?
A new study shows that gaze following in monkeys develops in a way that's nearly identical to humans, suggesting that the behavior has deep evolutionary roots.

Quality of life meets cure for prostate cancer treatment
A new paper looks at how MRI and a clear understanding of the functional anatomy around the prostate can allow radiation oncologists to plan a course of treatment for patients with prostate cancer that spares these critical structures.

Are Italians or Swedes more likely to cheat on their taxes?
A tax compliance experiment comparing Italians and Swedes uncovers differences in national 'styles' of dishonesty.

Self-harm, unintentional injury in bipolar disorder for patients on lithium, other drugs
Taking lithium was associated with reduced rates of self-harm and unintentional injury in patients with bipolar disorder compared with other commonly prescribed maintenance treatments, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Australia-wide autism report calls for 'agile' response in classrooms
A report investigating the educational needs of students with autism has identified social and emotional needs as the top priority to ensure success at school.

No symptoms, but could there be cancer? Our chemosensor will detect it!
Many cancers could be successfully treated if the patient consulted the doctor sufficiently early.

Patients may not need to wait 2 weeks to shower following knee replacement surgery
A Loyola Medicine study suggests it may not be necessary for knee replacement patients to wait up to two weeks after surgery before showering, as many surgeons now require.

Altering a robot's gender and social roles may be a screen change away
Robots can keep their parts and still change their gender, according to Penn State researchers, who noted that the arrival of robots with screens has made it easier to assign distinct personalities.

Access to care improves when orthopaedic surgeons travel to treat rural patients
Patients living in rural areas are more likely to be older, overweight and less physically active -- all risk factors for orthopaedic conditions.

Too much folate in pregnant women increases risk for autism, study suggests
Women who plan on becoming pregnant are told they need enough of the nutrient folate to ensure proper neurodevelopment of their babies, but new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests there could be serious risks in having far too much of the same nutrient.

MS drug mitoxantrone may be linked to increased risk of colorectal cancer
The multiple sclerosis (MS) drug mitoxantrone may be associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer, according to a study published in the May 11, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

New device developed at UBC could improve cancer detection
A new UBC-developed method to isolate cancer cells that have escaped from a tumor could soon pave the way for improved diagnosis and treatment.

Mitochondrial gene expression
Aleksandra Trifunovic, Principal Investigator at the Cluster of Excellence CECAD, will coordinate the REMIX project (REgulation of MItochondrial gene eXpression), an Innovation Training Network funded under the highly competitive Marie Skłodowska-Curie Action of the European Commission.

This week from AGU: More concentrated storms, methane emissions, and 4 research spotlights
Rising temperatures are causing heavy rain storms to become concentrated over smaller areas, a scenario that could cause extreme flooding in urban locations, according to a new study in Geophysical Research Letters.

Fetal mice with Zika infection get microcephaly
Mouse fetuses injected with the Asian Zika virus strain and carried to term within their pregnant mothers display the characteristic features of microcephaly, researchers in China report May 11 in Cell Stem Cell.

Computer model helps physicians prescribe stroke preventing therapy
Physician-researchers in the College of Medicine at the University of Cincinnati have developed a computerized decision support tool that uses a combination of patient information and characteristics to assist physicians and patients with decisions about blood thinning treatment to prevent strokes in individuals with atrial fibrillation.

A quasiparticle collider
Experiments prove that basic collider concepts from particle physics can be transferred to solid-state research.

PTSD linked to low levels of fat hormone
Researchers in the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio report a biological mechanism that might explain why individuals coping with post-traumatic stress disorder are less able to extinguish the fear of past dangers.

Heart attacks trending down, but low-income communities still lagging behind
While heart attack rates across all income levels have declined significantly over the last 15 years, people living in low-income communities are still more likely to be hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction, according to a new study published by Yale School of Medicine researchers in the journal JAMA Cardiology.

Brazilian Zika virus strain causes birth defects in experimental models
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Brazil and Senegal, have described the first 'direct experimental proof' that the Brazilian strain of Zika virus can actually cause severe birth defects.

Zika virus in Brazil kills brain cell, impairs intra uterine growth of mice fetuses
University of São Paulo researchers infected mice with Zika virus circulating in Brazil, resulting in fetuses impaired by congenital malformations resembling those observed in infants.

Making organs transparent to improve nanomedicine (video)
Treating a disease without causing side effects is one of the big promises of nanoparticle technology.

A brief history of syphilis points to a neglected disease in sub-Saharan Africa
It is known that syphilis rates have varied much between different countries and populations over the past 100 years.

Researcher gives surgeons a guiding hand with robotics
University of Arizona electrical and computer engineering researcher Jerzy Rozenblit has received a Fulbright Scholarship to advance computer-aided surgical technology and surgeons' skills in using it.

Study probes heart of synthetic heart valves
Rice University bioengineers are giving tissue engineers new tools to help develop synthetic replacement heart valves that mimic natural ones.

National Jewish Health faculty earn 3 awards from the American Thoracic Society
At the American Thoracic Society International Meeting in San Francisco, Charles Daley will receive the World Lung Health Award for his efforts to diagnose and treat tuberculosis around the world.

Neighborhoods with more takeaways amplify social inequalities in unhealthy eating and obesity
People who live or work near to a greater number of takeaway outlets are more likely to eat more takeaway food and to be overweight, but new research from the University of Cambridge indicates that neighborhoods that are saturated with fast food outlets may be particularly unhealthy for people who are socioeconomically disadvantaged.

Prolonged breath holds of over five minutes could help in targeted radiotherapy
Researchers have successfully shown for the first time that breast cancer patients can be trained to achieve single prolonged breath holds of over five minutes, opening the door for targeted radiotherapy to be administered with just one dose in each daily session.

Ferrous chemistry in aqueous solution unravelled
An HZB team has combined two different analytical methods at the BESSY II synchrotron source in order to extract more information about the chemistry of transition-metal compounds in solution.

New research suggests climate change may have contributed to extinction of Neanderthals
A researcher at the University of Colorado Denver has found that Neanderthals in Europe showed signs of nutritional stress during periods of extreme cold, suggesting climate change may have contributed to their demise around 40,000 years ago.

Scientists take a major leap toward a 'perfect' quantum metamaterial
Scientists have devised a way to build a 'quantum metamaterial' -- an engineered material with exotic properties not found in nature -- using ultracold atoms trapped in an artificial crystal composed of light.

Large reductions in prison population can be made without endangering public safety
A paper published in the journal Criminology & Public Policy addresses one of the most important crime policy questions in America: can prison populations be reduced without endangering the public?

Modern family planning in India
Family planning is a major health issue in India, the world's second most populous country.

New research shows how silver could be the key to gold-standard flexible gadgets
Research published in the journals Materials Today Communications and Scientific Reports has described how silver nanowires are proving to be the ideal material for flexible, touch-screen technologies while also exploring how the material can be manipulated to tune its performance for other applications.

Revolutionary drug being explained
An international team of scientists led by researchers from the Lomonosov Moscow State University succeeded to clarify the molecular mechanism of a drug created in Russia and designed to prevent the damaging of cell mitochondria by reactive oxygen species.

New products and solutions to electric commercial vehicles
The ECV project has contributed in creating domestic products and markets for electric commercial vehicles in the whole value chain from components to systems.

As exposure to chemical rises, so does risk of ending breastfeeding early
In a new study of hundreds of Cincinnati moms, higher levels of exposure to the common industrial chemical PFOA were linked to a greater likelihood of ending breastfeeding by three months.

CDC study looks at link between age at first solid foods and later child obesity
Does the timing of introducing solid foods to the infant diet affect a child's risk of being obese by 6 years of age?

Stem cell gene therapy for fatal childhood disease ready for human trial
Scientists in Manchester, who have developed a stem cell gene therapy to reverse a fatal childhood illness, have agreed to work with a new therapeutics company to test it in a human trial.

High-throughput screening strategy identifies compounds active against antibiotic-resistant bacteria
A new study in which researchers rapidly screened more than 11,000 bioactive molecules for activity against an antibiotic-resistant strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria identified multiple compounds with potent antimicrobial activity.

New imaging technology allows scientists to peer even deeper into fatty arteries
Researchers from Purdue University, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indiana, USA, and the Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Shanghai, China, have improved upon previous instruments, developing a new IVPA catheter design with collinear overlap between optical and acoustic waves with a tiny probe.

Survey: Common asthma warnings overlooked
A new survey from National Jewish Health found that most adults are aware of some of the most common asthma signs such as wheezing and shortness of breath, many don't recognize other warning symptoms like trouble sleeping, chest pain, and persistent cough.

A plant cell recycles its resources in times of scarcity
To cope with the nutrient deficiencies, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii must adapt its metabolism for subsistence, notably in terms of sugar. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to