Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 12, 2016
Gene regulatory mutation linked to rare childhood cancer
A single defect in a gene that codes for a histone -- a 'spool' that wraps idle DNA -- is linked to pediatric cancers in a study published today in the journal Science.

Accessible color palettes: New tool for web designers
More than 20 percent of people who use the web can't always tell the difference between shades of colors -- but very few of them are colorblind, according to a University of Michigan researcher.

Cells carry 'memory' of injury, which could reveal why chronic pain persists
A new study from King's College London offers clues as to why chronic pain can persist, even when the injury that caused it has gone.

New innovations to combat resistant infections
Two scientists at the University of Bristol have been awarded prestigious research grants to develop novel technologies that will help fight the rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

Can psychological therapies help people who self-harm?
Latest research out today has found that psychological therapies, more commonly known as 'talking treatments', may help people who self- harm.

Brain images reveal first physical evidence that AA prayers reduce cravings
Members Alcoholics Anonymous who recited AA prayers after viewing drinking-related images reported less craving for alcohol after praying.

Scientists find what might be responsible for slow heart function under general anesthesia
Anesthesia is used every day, but surprisingly little is known about one of its most dangerous side effects -- depressed heart function.

The world's first wireless satellite
A satellite whose components are not connected through electric cables but miniaturised radio modules: This innovation has earned two computer scientists from the University of Würzburg the first place in the INNOspace Masters competition.

Poaching of old forest elephant matriarchs threatens rainforests
Scientists working for the Wildlife Conservation Society, the University of Stirling, and the Amboseli Trust for Elephants say that the high levels of poaching forest elephants will result in a loss of the oldest, wisest matriarchs, who are living libraries of their vast rainforest domain.

Brain cells that aid appetite control identified
Brain cells that play a crucial role in appetite and weight gain has been identified.

When dung beetles dance, they photograph the firmament
The discovery that dung beetles use the light of the Milky Way to navigate in the world has received much praise.

Melatonin signaling is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes
A sleeping pancreas releases less insulin, but how much insulin drops each night may differ from person to person, suggests a study published May 12 in Cell Metabolism.

Layout change can make licensing agreements more agreeable
Changing the layout of long and tedious software licensing agreements may not only make those agreements more understandable, but may even make the users like them more, according to Penn State researchers.

In Sierra Leone, short reconciliation ceremonies restore social ties
Short, low-cost interventions can help communities to recover from a civil war, a new study evaluating the efficacy of a postwar reconciliation strategy in Sierra Leone shows.

More potent, inexpensive gene silencing agents described in Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
Combining the therapeutic potential and advantages of existing oligonucleotide-based approaches to turn off disease-related genes, a type of single-stranded silencing RNAs (ss-siRNAs) has shown significantly improved potency and activity.

A password of another kind: User identification through the skull
Passwords or personal identification number are often not secure, because users do not choose or store them well.

Hubble catches views of a jet rotating with Comet 252P/LINEAR
This sequence of images taken by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope shows Comet 252P/LINEAR as it passed by Earth.

Scientists identify protein which could improve treatments for recurrent miscarriages
Scientists at the University of Sheffield have identified a protein, involved in the development of the human placenta, may also help embryos implant in the womb -- something which could improve treatments for recurrent miscarriages and pre-eclampsia.

Database helps researchers connect exposures to health effects, compare diseases
Two new studies from a group at North Carolina State University give researchers new strategies for connecting environmental exposures to human health effects.

A sixth sense protects drivers except when texting
A team of researchers from the University of Houston and the Texas A&M Transportation Institute found that a sixth sense protects distracted drivers when they are being absent minded or upset, but not when they are texting.

Badges acknowledging open practices significantly increase reported data
Sharing research data and materials facilitates the scientific process by making a publication's findings open to critique, replication, and extension.

Study of glioma susceptibility in dogs may yield insights for humans
A new study of the genetic factors underlying glioma formation in dogs may hold clues to how these common and often untreatable tumors form in humans.

Presidential Commission on Bioethics lays out roadmap for tackling tough ethical questions
In a new report, the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues sets forth a series of recommendations for how to tackle the most pressing ethical questions that confront our society, and ensure every one of us is better equipped to address the ethical dilemmas that arise in everyday life.

LSU Health New Orleans ophthalmologist recommends UV protection inside cars
In invited commentary on a comparative study of the protective properties of windshields and side-windows in cars against harmful UV rays, Dr.

What the Disneyland measles outbreak of 2014-15 can teach us about how stories go viral
New research published Wednesday in the journal Vaccine revealed a key factor for what it takes to make an article about vaccines go viral: including a clear bottom-line message explaining the meaning of vaccination.

Maihle leading national DOD initiative to develop successful ovarian cancer investigators
Dr. Nita J. Maihle, a tumor virologist/biologist and educator, is leading the US Department of Defense's national initiative to enable early career ovarian cancer investigators to stay focused and successful in their fight against the fifth-leading cause of cancer death in women.

Hedgehogs are indeed not so widespread in England any more
There's now more than just anecdotal evidence that England's hedgehog population is feeling the squeeze.

Four synchronized planets reveal clues to how planets form
The search for planets orbiting other stars in our galaxy has revealed an extraordinary family of planets whose orbits are so carefully timed that they provide long-term stability for their planetary system.

NASA satellite data could help reduce flights sidelined by volcanic eruptions
A volcano erupting and spewing ash into the sky can cover nearby areas under a thick coating of ash and can also have consequences for aviation safety.

Study finds low levels of ultraviolet A light protection in automobile side windows
An analysis of the ultraviolet A (UV-A) light protection in the front windshields and side windows of automobiles finds that protection was consistently high in the front windshields while lower and highly variable in side windows, findings that may in part explain the reported increased rates of cataract in left eyes and left-sided facial skin cancer, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Ana Sofia Silva receives Best Ph.D. Thesis Award from ISASF
Ana Sofia Silva's thesis proposes a new therapeutic approach to lung cancer, the most common and leading cause of cancer death in both men and women worldwide.

Scientists find that cancer can arise from changes in the proteins that package DNA
Mutations in histones, the proteins that shield and package DNA, have been linked to many types of cancer, but their role in promoting disease has not been clear.

Obesity on the rise in Indonesia
Obesity is on the rise in Indonesia, one of the largest studies of the double burden of malnutrition in children has revealed.

Viruses detected in Swedish mosquito larvae
After an outbreak of Ockelbo disease in northern Sweden in 2013, researchers at Umeå University were able to trace the virus to mosquitos in an area of Lövånger.

Rare human disease found in dogs
A rare, severe form of pulmonary hypertension, which up until now, has only been classified as a human lung disease, has also been discovered in dogs according to a Michigan State University study.

Loneliness in midlife
Maike Luhmann from the University of Cologne and Louise C.

Fatal attachment: How pathogenic bacteria hang on to mucosa and avoid exfoliation
Mucous surfaces in the nose, throat, lungs, intestine, and genital tract are points of first contact for many pathogens.

Repetitive, subconcussive head impacts from football associated with short-term changes in eye function
In a study that included 29 NCAA football players, repetitive subconcussive impacts were associated with changes in near point of convergence (NPC) ocular-motor function among players in the higher-impact group, although NPC was normalized after a 3-week rest period, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Penn Medicine hospitals 'leaders in LGBT healthcare equality' by Human Rights Campaign
The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Hospital, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, and Chester County Hospital were announced among the 2016 class of the Human Rights Campaign (HRC) Foundation's 'Leader in LGBT Healthcare Equality Index 2016' list.

Risks of heart attack, stroke may outweigh benefits of calcium supplement
Taking calcium and vitamin D can help prevent broken bones in older women.

New ISSCR guidelines for stem cell research and translation outline best practices
The International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR), the world's largest professional organization of stem cell scientists, today released newly updated guidelines for stem cell research and the development of new clinical therapies.

New insights into how magnetic lines around Earth reconnect
High-resolution measurements from NASA spacecraft have unraveled the mysteries of magnetic reconnection around Earth -- a phenomenon whereby magnetic field lines break and reconnect, releasing energy and accelerating particles.

Fighting hospital germs with sugar
A synthetic sugar-based molecule activates the immune system and could serve as a vaccine against C. difficile bacteria.

Ingestible robot operates in simulated stomach
In experiments involving a simulation of the human esophagus and stomach, researchers at MIT, the University of Sheffield, and the Tokyo Institute of Technology have demonstrated a tiny origami robot that can unfold itself from a swallowed capsule and, steered by external magnetic fields, crawl across the stomach wall to remove a swallowed button battery or patch a wound.

Gene and tonic: Genetic link in binge-drinking teens
Scientists have identified the KALRN gene in a search to determine factors at play in underage alcohol abuse.

Scans reveal babies of mothers with gestational diabetes have more body fat
Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes have more body fat at two months of age compared to babies born to healthy mothers, says a new study.

Finger-specific key presses could speed up computer interaction
If you're looking for a way to use a computer more efficiently, researchers at the University of Waterloo's David R.

Stopping cancer in its tracks
Inhibiting autophagy, the process cells use to degrade large intra-cellular cargo, effectively blocks tumor cell migration and breast cancer metastasis in tumor models.

Skull specializations allow bats to feast on their fellow vertebrates
Over their 52-million-year history, a few bats have evolved a taste for their fellow vertebrates.

University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture to host Milan No-Till Field Day July 28
Academic and agricultural industry experts converge at the Milan No-Till Field Day to present 40 research-based sessions on conservation/no-till crop production.

How light is detected affects the atom that emits it
A lab at Washington University in St. Louis is one of the first in the world to look at spontaneous emission with an instrument sensitive to the wave rather than the particle nature of light.

Post-conflict reconciliation led to societal healing, but worsened psychological health
In the aftermath of civil wars, many countries undertake truth and reconciliation efforts to restore social cohesion, but little has been known about whether these programs reach their intended goals.

Emotions in the age of Botox
Botulin injections in the facial muscles, which relax expression lines and make one's skin appear younger as a result of a mild paralysis, have another, not easily predictable effect: they undermine the ability to understand the facial expressions of other people.

Why animals court their own sex
Same-sex sexual behavior is common in animals but puzzles evolutionary biologists since it doesn't carry the same obvious benefits as heterosexual courtship behavior that leads to mating and production of offspring.

When foes become friends
A few modifications in the genome turn a fungal plant pathogen into a potentially beneficial organism.

Genetic link found between impulsivity and binge-drinking teens - Sussex Uni study
Psychologists have discovered a new genetic link between impulsivity and teenage binge-drinking.

Gene expression depends on a constant dialogue between the nucleus and the cytoplasm
Gene expression is the process by which genetic information is used to produce proteins, essential for cells to function properly.

More urinary tract stones are being treated with surgery
Researchers in Oxford who analyzed recent trends related to urinary tract stones in the UK found a sustained and high prevalence of the condition, with an increased trend to treat patients with surgery.

Women's preference for smaller competition may account for inequality
When applying for a job or to college, women seek positions with fewer applicants than men, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Surgical oncology societies: Global curriculum to address training variations, inadequacies
The Society of Surgical Oncology and the European Society of Surgical Oncology, in two jointly published reports, highlight the global variations in training and make the case for a streamlined global surgical oncology curriculum of uniform standards.

New research estimates probability of mega-earthquake in the Aleutians
A team of researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM) published a study this week that estimated the probability of a Magnitude 9+ earthquake in the Aleutian Islands -- an event with sufficient power to create a mega-tsunami especially threatening to Hawai'i.

Award enables research for more efficient accelerators
Jefferson Lab Staff Scientist Grigory Eremeev has just been awarded a five-year grant through DOE's Early Career Research Program to double the efficiency of some of the most efficient particle accelerators being used for research.

Ontario rotavirus hospitalizations drop >70 percent after launch of infant vaccine program
Hospitalization for rotavirus infections decreased by > 70 percent following the introduction of a vaccine program in Ontario, Canada, according to a study published May 11, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Sarah Wilson from Public Health Ontario and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Canada, and colleagues.

Kidney disease may increase hospitalized patients' risk of complications
In a study of hospitalized patients, those with chronic kidney disease were 19 percent more likely to experience hospital acquired complications than patients with normal kidney function.

An old new weapon against emerging Chikungunya virus
Researchers utilize existing drugs to interfere with host factors required for replication of Chikungunya virus.

Finnish research shows inaccuracies in emission measurements of important greenhouse gas, N2O
Nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide and methane are the most important greenhouse gases.

Hybrid hydrostatic transmission enables robots with human-like grace and precision
A new type of hydrostatic transmission that combines hydraulic and pneumatic lines can safely and precisely drive robot arms, giving them the delicacy necessary to pick up an egg without breaking it.

ESOC 2016: Trials with impact for stroke patients
Over 3700 delegates attended ESOC 2016 in Barcelona. Today's program included teaching courses, scientific presentations, and presentations from clinical trials that will have an immediate impact on how we care for patients with stroke.

Action of nanoparticles on platelet activation and plasmatic coagulation
This article illustrates the mechanism and regulation of hemostasis, provides information on nanoparticle action on hemostasis and describes concept and limitations of assays in the assessment of nanoparticles.

Small blue galaxy could shed new light on Big Bang, IU astronomers say
A faint blue galaxy nicknamed Leoncino, or 'little lion,' about 30 million light-years from Earth and located in the constellation Leo Minor has been identified by Indiana University astronomers as possessing qualities that could shed new light on conditions at the birth of the universe.

Mass. General study identifies potential treatment target for pancreatic cancer
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have identified the first potential molecular treatment target for the most common form of pancreatic cancer, which kills more than 90 percent of patients.

Temple scientists identify key factor in mitochondrial calcium uptake and bioenergetics
Mitochondria are the energy-generating batteries of cells, but they also perform other critical functions, including protecting cells against calcium overload, a significant cause of cell death in certain cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases.

Is sleeve gastrectomy a good choice for people with a sweet tooth?
Sleeve gastrectomy is a novel bariatric surgical procedure showing promising weight loss results, even among individuals classified as moderate or severe sweet eaters before the surgery.

Mayo Clinic endocrinologist honored for obesity research
The World Obesity Federation, representing scientific and medical obesity research globally, has named Michael Jensen, M.D., a Mayo Clinic endocrinologist and obesity researcher, as the winner of its 2016 clinical research award.

New integrative data portal for brilliant brassicas
Scientists at The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC) have released the first web repository for Brassica (mustard plants) trait data to tackle reproducibility, user controlled data sharing and analysis worldwide.

Nanotech spinoff reaches commercial milestone
The first nanotechnology company created at the University of Houston has signed a distribution deal for its protective coatings.

U of I College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign approved for psychiatry residency program
The University of Illinois College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign has been awarded initial accreditation by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) to offer a psychiatry residency training program beginning in 2017.

Breast cancer drug found to reduce seizures
A class of drug that inhibits estrogen production and is used to treat breast cancer has been found to quickly and effectively suppress dangerous brain seizures, according to a new Northwestern University study.

Cooperation, not struggle for survival, drives evolution
A new conceptual evolutionary model published this year by Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, associate professor of ecology and biodiversity at Tomsk State University (Russia), reviewed the debated mechanism of speciation, suggesting that competition and a struggle for the existence are not the main drivers of evolution.

FAU student deciphers 'cave art'
The Mäanderhöhle cave near Bamberg was previously regarded as an archaeological sensation.

Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission puts magnetic reconnection under the microscope
A team led by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) has made the first direct detection of the source of magnetic reconnection.

New study finds asthma patients rely heavily on rescue inhalers, difficult to diagnose
In a new national survey of asthma patients, Health Union, and its new online community, reveals that most were satisfied with the care they received; however, the most frequently used form of treatment, at 89 percent, is the rescue inhaler.

Queen's scientists develop new treatment to prolong life of those with cystic fibrosis
Scientists at Queen's University Belfast have discovered a new molecule which has the potential to prolong the life of individuals with cystic fibrosis.

Migrant money puts aid in the shade
New research shows international remittances have poverty and inequality-reducing effects in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Genetic tug of war linked to evolution of same-sex sexual behavior in beetles
The frequent occurrence of same-sex behaviors in beetles of one sex could be explained by genes that are favored by natural selection when expressed in the opposite sex, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology.

SmartPractice donates $50,000 to TGen cancer research
SmartPractice today donated $50,000 to the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) to support research for the early detection and more precise treatment of breast cancer.

Spacecraft fly through explosive magnetic phenomenon to understand space weather
For the first time, spacecraft have flown through the heart of a magnetic process that controls Earth's space weather and geomagnetic storms.

Diabetes drug found no better than placebo at treating NAFLD
A diabetes medication described in some studies as an effective treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) works no better than a placebo, report researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, after conducting the first randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial of sitagliptin, an oral antihyperglycemic marketed by Merck & Co. under the name Januvia.

New study suggests rethink of dementia causes
University of Adelaide researchers have developed a new theory for the causes of dementia and other neurodegenerative diseases, involving an out-of-control immune system.

Found: Surviving evidence of Earth's formative years
New work has found material in rock formations that dates back to shortly after Earth formed.

New care pathway advises health professionals on postreproductive health
A new position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society published in the journal Maturitas provides a pathway with the latest post-reproductive health strategies, with the aim of optimizing care at an international scale.

Size of brain region is associated with response to PTSD treatment
A study has found that PTSD patients with a larger hippocampus -- a region of the brain key to distinguishing between safety and threat--are more likely to respond to exposure-based therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder.

Young guns: Up-and-coming ONR talent honored by White House
For achievements in fields ranging from robotic learning to photovoltaics (converting solar energy into electricity), six researchers sponsored by the Office of Naval Research last week were honored with Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers -- the nation's highest honor for young scientists and engineers.

Andrei Goga's UCSF team finds new approaches to eradicate aggressive breast cancers
Dr. Goga's team identified fatty acid oxidation intermediates as being significantly upregulated in a MYC-driven model of TNBC.

Shrinking shorebird pays the bill for rapid Arctic warming while wintering in the tropics
Red knots migrate between their breeding grounds in the Arctic and their wintering grounds in West Africa.

Mice cooperate if they benefit
House mice often raise their offspring in a communal nest.

NASA directly observes fundamental process of nature for 1st time
Like sending sensors up into a hurricane, NASA has flown four spacecraft through an invisible maelstrom in space, called magnetic reconnection.

Online therapy effective at treating depression and anxiety
Doctors from the University of Pittsburgh showed that providing an online computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CCBT) program both alone and in combination with Internet support groups (ISG) is a more effective treatment for anxiety and depression than doctors' usual primary care.

How Arctic spring kills birds in Africa
An international team of scientists, with the participation of Eldar Rahimberdiev and Mikhail Soloviev, (Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology, the Lomonosov Moscow State University), analyzed the data on the birds called red knot.

Social engineering: Password in exchange for chocolate
It requires a lot of effort and expense for computer hackers to program a Trojan virus and infiltrate individual or company computers.

Boston Cancer Support to receive ASTRO Survivor Circle grant
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has selected a Boston-based organization, Boston Cancer Support, to receive one of two 2016 ASTRO Survivor Circle grants.

The new SLENDR technique: Protein labeling in the developing brain by genome editing
Dr. Ryohei Yasuda and his team have developed a method, called SLENDR, that allows precise modification of neuronal DNA in living samples.

Two types of RGB laser light sources successfully demonstrated
As part of a NEDO project, Osaka University and Shimadzu Corporation have developed two new types of RGB laser light source modules, including a world-class high-brightness model and an ultra-miniaturized model, and demonstrated their effectiveness mounted on actual devices with the aim of expanding the application of visible light laser diodes.

Suspense in the movie theatre air
Cinemagoers' exhaled breath reveals the scene that is playing.

Elsevier announces the launch of the International Journal of Surgery Protocols
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of the International Journal of Surgery Protocols (IJS Protocols), an open access journal covering all areas of surgery.

Is initiation of chemo affected by complementary, alternative medicine use?
Women with early-stage breast cancer for whom chemotherapy was indicated and who used dietary supplements and multiple types of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) were less likely to start chemotherapy than nonusers of CAM, according to a new study published online by JAMA Oncology.

Hay fever's hidden supporting substances
Up to now, research into pollen allergies has largely focused on allergens.

Binocular vision-based UAVs autonomous aerial refueling platform -- pilots are no longer needed
Most of the research in the area of autonomous aerial refueling (AAR) for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) concerns the verification of the algorithms while the experiments are conducted on the ground.

Marijuana use in pregnancy is major risk for preterm birth
International research led by the University of Adelaide has for the first time shown a direct link between continued marijuana use during pregnancy and preterm birth.

Earthworms build huge mounds dotting tropical wetlands in South America
Earthworms are the engineers behind the 75,000 km2, densely packed, regularly spaced, and mound-patterned landscapes, called surales, in the South American seasonal tropical wetlands, according to a study published May 11, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Anne Zangerlé from Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany, Delphine Renard from McGill University, Canada, and colleagues.

Disrupted REM sleep can derail memory formation
A new study in mice provides direct causal evidence that rapid eye movement or REM sleep helps to consolidate memory in the brain.

Smartphone-based system may improve health of patients with chronic diseases
A smartphone-based system helped patients with chronic kidney disease monitor their blood pressure, symptoms, and medications.

Zika virus: Optimized tests for reliable diagnosis
DZIF scientists have shown that not all conventional Zika virus molecular diagnostic tests are sufficiently reliable.

Dogs provide information about brain tumor development in humans
Brain tumors in dogs are strikingly similar to their human tumor counterparts.

While the Arctic warms, migrating birds pay the price in the tropics
Red knot birds are becoming smaller as temperatures warm in their Arctic breeding grounds.

Experimental physicist Dmitry Budker receives an ERC Advanced Grant
Professor Dmitry Budker has been granted €2.5 million in funding by the European Research Council for his new project involving the hunt for dark matter and dark energy.

Eyewitnesses' memories darken skin color
Eyewitnesses remember the faces of black suspects less accurately in drive-by shootings than they do in serial killings.

The codes of World War I
When the United States declared war on Germany in April 1917, the Americans were unprepared to wage a modern war and American cryptologists had to build a military intelligence unit from scratch.

Bacteria are individualists
Cells respond differently to lack of nutrients.

Space mission first to observe key interaction between magnetic fields of Earth and sun
A new study co-authored by University of Maryland physicists provides the first major results of NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission, including an unprecedented look at the interaction between the magnetic fields of Earth and the sun.

Roland Wiesendanger and Xiang Zhang awarded Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics 2016
This year's Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics for outstanding research in materials science and its applications will be awarded to Roland Wiesendanger (Hamburg) and Xiang Zhang (Berkeley, Calif.).

Interpreting clinical sequencing results for genome medicine
Medical geneticist Robert C. Green and clinical molecular geneticist Heidi Rehm are available to discuss the best path forward for interpreting results from clinical genome and exome sequencing.

Cancer patients with depression 'struggle to get their lives back after treatment'
People with depression are significantly less likely to recover well after treatment for colorectal cancer compared to those without depression, according to new research by Macmillan Cancer Support and the University of Southampton.

Microwaved nanoribbons may bolster oil and gas wells
Rice University researchers microwave composite materials of graphene nanoribbons and thermoset polymers to dramatically reinforce wellbores.

Surprise! This eukaryote completely lacks mitochondria
Mitochondria are membrane-bound components within cells that are often described as the cells' powerhouses.

EuroPCR 2016 abstracts now online
EuroPCR 2016 abstracts are now available online for the annual course of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (May 17-20, Palais des Congres in Paris, France).

HRL receives DARPA award to STAMP learning into the brain
DARPA's Biological Technologies Office has awarded HRL Laboratories, LLC, funding for a two-year project in the RAM Replay program to develop a man-portable system to boost learning during waking and memory consolidation during sleep, thereby increasing a person's ability to quickly integrate and accurately recall information.

NIH-led team discovers new HIV vaccine target
A team led by scientists at the National Institutes of Health has reported a research trifecta.

Clinical trials of robotic legs helping patients walk again
Expert clinicians and engineers at the University of Kent are carrying out the first clinical trials of robotic legs for patients.

HIV testing during early infection may reduce new cases in high-risk communities
Detecting HIV earlier, through screening programs that can identify the virus shortly after infection, may lead to lower rates of HIV transmission in local epidemics, suggest findings from a new study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online.

New gene for familial high cholesterol
New research from Denmark reveals the gene that explains one quarter of all familial hypercholesterolemia with very high blood cholesterol.

Donor kidneys may be discarded due to 'weekend effect' at hospitals
Investigators have uncovered a 'weekend effect' contributing to the worsening availability of donor kidneys in the United States, according to a new report in Kidney International.

Fluorescent jellyfish gene sheds light in 'fitness landscape'
By studying more than 50,000 variants of a jellyfish gene, researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona (Spain) have drawn a detailed picture of how changes in that gene affect its function.

Use of complementary, alternative medicine affects initiation of chemotherapy
Women with early-stage breast cancer for whom chemotherapy was indicated and who used dietary supplements and multiple types of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) were less likely to start chemotherapy than nonusers of alternative therapies, according to latest research at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.

Dartmouth researcher, collaborators unveil dual screen smartwatch
A Dartmouth researcher and his collaborators have unveiled a prototype of a smartwatch with dual touchscreens called Doppio.

Victims of their own success
A new study paints a gloomy picture of the future of tropical coral reefs. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to