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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | May 16, 2016


Stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer survival rates improved when care includes 4 specific quality measures
Analysis of data from the National Cancer Data Base demonstrates that the survival rates of patients with Stage IIIA NSCLC who underwent surgery increased more than three-fold for those who received four quality measures as part of their care.
New packaging advances prolongs veggie freshness
New advances in packaging at Michigan State University can help produce stay fresh longer.
MSK surgeons present strategies for increasing survival in soft tissue sarcoma patients
In a presentation at the 96th AATS Annual meeting, Neel P.
New stem cell pathway indicates route to much higher yields in maize, staple crops
Biologists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have made an important discovery that helps explain how plants regulate the proliferation of their stem cells.
Activism alone can't change perceptions of human rights abuse
Activism alone can't change public perception of human rights abuse, a new book on Soviet dissenters and British human rights organizations suggests.
Teamwork enables bacterial survival
MIT researchers have found that two strains of E. coli bacteria, each resistant to one antibiotic, can protect each other in an environment where both drugs are present.
Iron fertilization won't work in much of Pacific, says study
Over the past half-million years, the equatorial Pacific Ocean has seen five spikes in the amount of iron-laden dust blown in from the continents.
Mom's voice activates many different regions in children's brains, Stanford study shows
A far wider swath of brain areas is activated when children hear their mothers than when they hear other voices, and this brain response predicts a child's social communication ability, a new study finds.
Clues to ancient giant asteroid found in Australia
Scientists have found evidence of a huge asteroid that struck the Earth early in its life with an impact larger than anything humans have experienced.
Physicians can counsel patients to prevent gun violence, experts say
It is not illegal for physicians to ask their patients about firearms, counsel them as they would on any other health matter, and disclose that information to third parties when necessary, according to a review of the literature by physicians at UC Davis, Brown University, and the University of Colorado who are helping to lead the effort to prevent firearm-related injuries in the US.
First penile transplant in the US performed at Mass. General Hospital
A team of surgeons at Massachusetts General Hospital announced today that they have performed the nation's first genitourinary reconstructive (penile) transplant.
Tiny organisms have huge effect on world's atmosphere
Scientists at the University of East Anglia have discovered how a tiny yet abundant ocean organism helps regulate the Earth's climate.
Unravelling the costs of rubber agriculture on biodiversity
A striking decline in ant biodiversity found on land converted to a rubber plantation in China.
New study shows animal welfare initiatives improves feather cover of cage-free laying hens
Recognized welfare outcome assessments within farm assurance schemes have shown a reduction in feather loss and improvement in the welfare of UK cage-free laying hens, according to the findings of a study from the AssureWel project by the University of Bristol, RSPCA and the Soil Association.
Healthy eating gets no boost after corner store interventions, Drexel study finds
While many government, community and private interventions look at local corner and convenience stores as prime areas to stoke healthy eating, a Drexel study found that even two years after such an intervention took place, attitudes and purchasing habits didn't change.
Improving natural killer cancer therapy: Study
Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center have discovered a potential way to 'tune up' the immune system's ability to kill cancer cells.
As sleep apnea severity increases so do the learning challenges in kids
Sleep assessments in young children showed that, in the context of habitual snoring and enlarged tonsils and adenoids, moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea increased the likelihood and magnitude of cognitive deficits.
Redefining health and well-being in America's aging population
Chronological age itself plays almost no role in accounting for differences in older people's health and well-being, according to a new, large-scale study by a multidisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Chicago.
FSU-Cornell team defines meaningful part of maize genome
Using a genetic mapping technique developed at Florida State University, FSU and Cornell University researchers have shown that a small percentage of the entire maize genome is responsible for almost half of a plant's trait diversity.
Paper: Young workers hit hardest by slow hiring during recessions
When hiring slows during recessions, the brunt of job losses is borne by job-seekers in their 20s and early 30s, according to a new paper by Eliza Forsythe, a professor of labor and employment relations and of economics at Illinois.
New technology reduces 30 percent chip area of STT-MRAM while increasing memory bit yield by 70 percent
Researchers have successfully developed a technology to stack magnetic tunnel junctions directly on the vertical interconnect access.
Slips of the lip stay all in the family
It's happened to many of us: While looking at someone you know very well, you blurt out the wrong name.
Family rejection may more than triple suicide attempt risk by transgender individuals
Family rejection increases the risk of two critical health outcomes that are common among transgender individuals -- suicide attempts and substance misuse -- according to a new study published in LGBT Health.
Polluted dust can impact ocean life thousands of miles away, study says
As climatologists closely monitor the impact of human activity on the world's oceans, researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have found yet another worrying trend impacting the health of the Pacific Ocean.
Study identifies aortic valve gradient as key to TAVR outcomes
Patients with a combination of left ventricular dysfunction and low aortic valve gradient, or reduced force of blood flow through the aortic valve, have higher mortality rates and a greater risk of recurrent heart failure after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), with low aortic valve gradient the driving force behind their poor outcomes, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Around-the-clock monitoring may unmask hypertension in African-Americans
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, a device which measures blood pressure around-the-clock may help identify African-Americans who have 'masked' or undetected high blood pressure.
Breast cancer tumor-initiating cells use mTOR signaling to recruit suppressor cells to promote tumor
Baylor College of Medicine researchers report a new mechanism that helps cancer cells engage myeloid-derived suppressor cells.
The best of AGA science at DDW® 2016
For media attending Digestive Disease Week 2016, use this guide to find AGA's highlighted abstracts at the meeting.
Scientists identify potential marker of EoE disease activity
Researchers have identified a potential marker of disease activity for a severe and often painful food allergic disease called eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) -- possibly sparing children with EoE the discomfort and risk of endoscopic procedures to assess whether their disease is active.
Biodiversity protects fish from climate change
Fish provide protein to billions of people and are an especially critical food source in the developing world.
A shaggy dog story: The contagious cancer that conquered the world
A contagious form of cancer that can spread between dogs during mating has highlighted the extent to which dogs accompanied human travelers throughout our seafaring history.
Immunization with bacteria promotes stress resilience, coping behaviors in mice
Injections of the soil bacterium Mycobacterium vaccae promote stress resilience and improve coping behaviors in mice, according to a new study led by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and University of Colorado Boulder.
Animal training techniques teach robots new tricks
Researchers at Washington State University are using ideas from animal training to help non-expert users teach robots how to do desired tasks.
Physicians are more likely to use hospice and intensive care at end of life
New research suggests that US physicians are more likely to use hospice and intensive or critical care units in the last months of life than non-physicians.
ASHG opposes revised EEOC regulations weakening genetic privacy
The American Society of Human Genetics opposes the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's (EEOC) newly revised Regulations under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and under the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA).
Russian researchers developed an ecological method for cleaning lakes from oil
The technology, developed by TSU, best suited for lakes with thick sediments: stony, clay or sandy bottom.
Attending religious services associated with lower risk of death in women
Frequently attending religious services was associated with a lower risk of death for women from all causes, cardiovascular disease and cancer, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
Exacerbations of COPD accelerate lung-function loss
Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accelerate the loss of lung function especially among patients with mild disease, according to researchers at National Jewish Health and other institutions.
Cancer risk perception could lead to adverse health outcomes among women
According to recent studies, the US has a disadvantage in women's life expectancy compared to peer countries despite high rates of health screenings.
Theorists smooth the way to modeling quantum friction
Theoretical chemists at Princeton University have pioneered a strategy for modeling quantum friction, or how a particle's environment drags on it, a vexing problem that has frustrated scientists for more than a century.
International experts publish guidelines for cardiac rehab in developing countries
The cardiac rehab model of care is quite standard in developed countries, and consists of risk factor assessment and management, exercise training, patient education, as well as dietary and psychosocial counselling.
Study: Regular exercise at any age might stave off Alzheimer's
Research from the University of Kentucky College of Health Sciences was able to demonstrate a positive correlation between fitness and blood flow to areas of the brain where the hallmark tangles and plaques of Alzheimer's disease pathology are usually first detected, indicating a possibility that regular exercise could stave off AD symptoms.
Overpasses and underpasses for migrating animals may reduce collisions with automobiles
In the western United States, mule deer and pronghorn (animals that are similar to antelopes) undergo annual migrations that place them and drivers at risk for collisions when the animals cross busy roadways.
Physical activity associated with lower risk for many cancers
Higher levels of leisure-time physical activity were associated with lower risks for 13 types of cancers, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
Obese or anorexic individuals react differently to taste, CU Anschutz study says
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have discovered that women suffering from anorexia nervosa and those who are obese respond differently to taste, a finding that could lead to new treatments for the eating disorders.
Children with and without multiple sclerosis have differences in gut bacteria
In a recent study, children with multiple sclerosis had differences in the abundance of specific gut bacteria than children without the disease.
Speeding up key oxygen-oxygen bond-formation step in water oxidation
By accelerating the formation of the oxygen-oxygen bond in water oxidation, newly developed ruthenium catalysts could drive the reaction needed to efficiently store solar energy in the chemical bonds of clean fuels.
The 'Echoverse': A new way to think about brand-consumer interactions
Most studies of the interactions between companies and consumers look at one piece of the puzzle: Advertising or social media or news coverage or 'consumer sentiment' as measured in surveys.
Bubble volcano: Shaking, popping by earthquakes may cause eruptions
A new study on the connection between earthquakes and volcanoes took its inspiration from old engineering basics.
May/June 2016 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features synopses of original research and commentary published in the May/June 2016 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal.
Tiny ocean organism has big role in climate regulation
Scientists have discovered that a tiny, yet plentiful, ocean organism is playing an important role in the regulation of the Earth's climate.
Exercise, more than diet, key to preventing obesity
Two factors -- metabolism and gut microbes -- have been credited by researchers as key players in the fight against obesity.
EARTH: Did the Medieval warm period welcome Vikings to Greenland?
For many years, scientists have pondered if the Vikings' diaspora to Greenland was made easier by the warmer temperatures of the Medieval Warm Period.
Faith and Facebook: Young social media regulars less committed to one religion, Baylor Study finds
Youths who use social media are more likely to develop a 'pick-and-choose' approach to customize their faith -- regardless of what their religious tradition teaches -- than those who do not use social media, according to a Baylor University study.
Metals released by burning fuel oil may damage children's developing lungs
A new study investigating the health impact of the chemical components of air pollution is reporting that two metals, nickel and vanadium (Ni and V), may be damaging to the developing lungs of children.
HIV vaccine design should adapt as HIV virus mutates
Researchers from UAB, Emory and Microsoft demonstrate that HIV has evolved to be pre-adapted to the immune response, worsening clinical outcomes in newly infected patients.
Being fit may slow lung function decline as we age
Being fit may reduce the decline in lung function that occurs as we grow older, according to research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.
NIH-funded study reveals how differences in male and female brains emerge
Nematode worms may not be from Mars or Venus, but they do have sex-specific circuits in their brains that cause the males and females to act differently.
Trump poses new mission for Mexico's diplomats
After months of near silence regarding Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump's 'increasingly hostile' comments about Mexico, the country, through its foreign ministry, is now trying to protect its image and respond more vigorously to anti-Mexican rhetoric, according to a new issue brief from Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.
Statins may shield unborn babies from mother's stress, study suggests
Statins could protect the hearts of babies in the womb from the adverse effects of their mother's stress, research from the University of Edinburgh suggests.
Ocean bacteria are programmed to alter climate gases
SAR11, the most abundant plankton in the world's oceans, are pumping out massive amounts of two sulfur gases that play important roles in the Earth's atmosphere.
Freight train: Myo1c provides cellular transport for protein crucial to kidney filtration
Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina used small-angle X-ray scattering to determine the full structure of the motor protein Myo1c and its complex with Neph1, a protein crucial for kidney filtration.
Maize genome 'dark matter' discovery a boon for breeders
In a landmark finding, Cornell University and Florida State University researchers report they have identified 1 to 2 percent of the maize genome that turns genes on and off, so they may now focus their attention on these areas for more efficient plant breeding.
Selenium deficiency linked to deadly heart disease affecting pregnant women
Researchers have found a close link between selenium deficiency and peripartum cardiomyopathy, a heart disease that affects pregnant women and recent mothers.
Fort McMurray fire continues in Alberta
On May 12, 2016, a total of 17 wildfires were still burning in the vicinity of Fort McMurray, Canada.
Older patients with atrial fibrillation at greater risk for post-op tricuspid regurgitation after mitral valve repair
Tricuspid regurgitation occurs when the heart's tricuspid valve leaks, allowing blood to flow back from the right ventricle to the right atrium.
Risk factors identified for readmission to hospital following esophagectomy
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified risk factors for unplanned readmissions following esophageal resection.
Study: Police more likely than others to say they are blind to racial differences
A new study reveals that police recruits and experienced officers are more likely than others to subscribe to colorblind racial beliefs -- the notion that they -- and people in general -- see no differences among people from different racial groups and treat everyone the same.
Is laparoscopic repair of ventral hernia the ideal approach for all patients?
Laparascopic repair of ventral hernias has advanced and overcome many challenges during the past two decades, and patients who are obese, diabetic, and have a hernia no larger than 10 cm in width are best suited for this evolving minimally invasive approach.
Inaccurate coding of patient data may explain 'weekend effect'
Studies that use UK hospital coding data to examine 'weekend effects' for acute conditions, such as stroke, may be undermined by inaccurate coding, suggests research published by The BMJ today.
Why is female sexuality more flexible than male sexuality?
A new evolutionary theory argues that women may have been evolutionarily designed to be sexually fluid -- changing their sexual desires and identities from lesbian, to bisexual, to heterosexual and back again -- in order to allow them to have sex with their co-wives in polygamous marriages, therefore reducing conflict and tension inherent in such marriages while at the same time successfully reproducing with their husbands in heterosexual unions.
Researchers show that four-stranded DNA is formed and unfolded
Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have discovered that specific DNA sequences that are rich in the DNA building block guanine in the yeast species, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, can form four-stranded DNA.
Monthly resident handoff of patients may increase risk of dying
Transitions in care that occur when medical residents leave a clinical rotation and turn their patients' care over to another resident is associated with increased mortality, according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.
Canada's plans to legalize marijuana contravene UN's international conventions
The Canadian government's plan to legalize marijuana contravenes its current legal obligations to the United Nation's international drug-control conventions, states a commentary in CMAJ.
Features of the 2016 Asia Pacific Lung Cancer Conference (APLCC)
The 2016 IASLC Asia Pacific Lung Cancer Conference, held May 13-15, was organized under the aegis of International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, Thai Society of Clinical Oncology, Chiang Mai Lung Cancer Group, Faculty of Medicine at the Chiang Mai University (CMU and the local organizing committee of APLCC 2016.
Can fluids from fracking escape into groundwater
A new study looks at how fluids related to hydraulic fracturing or 'fracking' can escape into aquifers via nearby leaky abandoned wells.
Rice-led study offers new answer to why Earth's atmosphere became oxygenated
Earth scientists from Rice University, Yale University and the University of Tokyo are offering a new answer to the long-standing question of how our planet acquired its oxygenated atmosphere.
Do germs cause type 1 diabetes?
Germs could play a role in the development of type 1 diabetes by triggering the body's immune system to destroy the cells that produce insulin, new research suggests.
E. coli 'anchors' provide novel way to hijack superbugs
Australian scientists may have found a way to stop deadly bacteria from infecting patients.
Untreated sleep apnea may be related to melanoma aggressiveness
Untreated severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased aggressiveness of malignant cutaneous melanoma, according to the first multicenter prospective study on the relationship between sleep-disordered breathing (apnea or hypopnea) and cancer.
Helmet-based ventilation is superior to face mask for patients with respiratory distress
A study, published early online in JAMA, shows that using a transparent air-tight helmet instead of a face mask helps critically ill patients breathe better and can prevent them from needing a ventilator.
COPD symptoms common among smokers, even when undiagnosed
A new study in the New England Journal of Medicine finds that smokers, who wouldn't typically be diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, are still showing symptoms consistent with the diagnosis.
New cancer immunotherapy approach combines tumor fighting power with fewer side effects
Basic research into the dual nature of certain immune system cells has set the stage for a new approach to cancer immunotherapy that avoids some of the shortcomings associated with other methods, scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute report in a new study.
JFK Partners joins launch of Spark, nation's largest autism research study
JFK Partners at the CU Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora, Colo., recently helped launch SPARK, an online research initiative designed to become the largest autism study ever undertaken in the United States.
Meetings with palliative care do not improve anxiety and depression symptoms
Additional support by palliative care specialists failed to improve anxiety and depression symptoms in caregivers of patients with chronic critical illness, according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.
20-year study shows that higher levels of fitness reduce the risk of developing of diabetes and prediabetes
A new study analysing fitness levels across two decades is the longest study demonstrating that higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness reduce the risk for developing prediabetes or diabetes.
Big Data can save lives, says leading Queen's University cancer expert
The sharing of genetic information from millions of cancer patients around the world could be key to revolutionising cancer prevention and care, according to a leading cancer expert from Queen's University Belfast.
Cooling cows efficiently with water spray
Dairies use intermittent sprinkler systems to cool cows in warm weather, but little experimental work has been done to determine how much water is needed to achieve beneficial effects.
Robot's in-hand eye maps surroundings, determines hand's location
Before a robot arm can reach into a tight space or pick up a delicate object, the robot needs to know precisely where its hand is.
Hunting for hidden life on worlds orbiting old, red stars
In their work, Ramses M. Ramirez, research associate at Cornell's Carl Sagan Institute and Lisa Kaltenegger, associate professor of astronomy and director of the Carl Sagan Institute, have modeled the locations of the habitable zones for aging stars and how long planets can stay in it.
Body-worn cameras associated with increased assaults against police, and increase in use-of-force if officers choose when to activate cameras
Preliminary results from eight UK and US police forces reveal rates of assault against officers are 15 percent higher when they use body-worn cameras.
Implantation of rapid deployment aortic valve found to be durable, safe, and effective
The TRANSFORM trial was designed to evaluate the safety and performance of an investigational rapid deployment aortic valve replacement system for patients with severe aortic stenosis.
Sharp rise in UK teen poisonings over past 20 years, particularly among girls
There has been a sharp rise in the overall number of teen poisonings over the past 20 years in the UK, particularly among girls/young women, reveals the largest study of its kind published online in the journal Injury Prevention.
Partnership prepares undergraduates to tackle cybersecurity
The Software Assurance Marketplace, housed at the Morgridge Institute for Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, is working to address a major cybersecurity skills gap in US undergraduate computer science programs.
Farms have become a major air-pollution source
Emissions from farms outweigh all other human sources of fine-particulate air pollution in much of the United States, Europe, Russia and China, according to new research.
New method of producing random numbers could improve cybersecurity
A new method for producing truly random numbers could be used to encrypt data, make electronic voting more secure, conduct statistically significant polls and more accurately simulate complex systems such as Earth's climate.
BIDMC researchers identify enzyme that contributes to development of lupus
Researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have identified an enzyme that is significantly elevated in mouse models of systemic lupus erythematosus and in blood samples of patients with lupus.
What makes computerized systems smart and to perform like or even better than Humans?
The book blends contributions from a mixture of high flying world leaders with the rising stars of the new generation of talented researchers.
Self-healing, flexible electronic material restores functions after many breaks
Electronic materials have been a major stumbling block for the advance of flexible electronics because existing materials do not function well after breaking and healing.
The ATS and Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc. release landmark survey
The American Thoracic Society and Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Sunovion) today announced the results of a survey of pulmonologists and pulmonology fellows to determine physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management, with particular attention to the use of hand-held small volume nebulizers.
Methionine could be key to improving pregnancy rate in dairy cattle
Research at the University of Illinois has shown that adding methionine to the diets of Holstein cows during the prepartum and postpartum periods may impact the preimplantation embryo in a way that enhances its capacity for survival.
Bird DNA shows inbreeding linked to shorter lifespan
Pieces of DNA that predict lifespan are shorter in birds that are inbred -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia.
New implantable VAD for severe heart failure in kids shows encouraging results in sheep
For children with severe heart failure, the only available means of life support are ventricular assist devices (VADs) placed outside the body.
Scientists create novel 'liquid wire' material inspired by spiders' capture silk
Why doesn't a spider's web sag in the wind or catapult flies back out like a trampoline?
Artificial intelligence replaces physicists
Physicists are putting themselves out of a job, using artificial intelligence to run a complex experiment.
Dr. Betty Vohr inducted into Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame
Neonatologist Betty R. Vohr, M.D., medical director of the Neonatal Follow-Up Program in the Department of Pediatrics at Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island and professor of pediatrics at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, was recently inducted into the Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame.
Farms have become a major air-pollution source
A new study says that emissions from farms outweigh all other human sources of fine-particulate air pollution in much of the United States, Europe, Russia and China.
Antipsychotic drugs are linked with an increased risk of heart attacks
A review of nine observational studies found evidence supporting an increased risk of heart attacks in patients taking antipsychotic drugs.
UTMB scientists genetically engineered world's first Zika virus infectious cDNA clone
A multidisciplinary team from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston is the first in the world to genetically engineer a clone of the Zika virus strain, a development that could expedite many aspects of Zika research, including vaccine and therapeutics development.
Report on stillbirth and neonatal death rates for local areas across the UK
A study finds 'significant variation' in stillbirths and neonatal mortality across the UK.
Explore the geology of the US Rocky Mountain and inland Northwest regions
Prepared in conjunction with the 2016 GSA Rocky Mountain Section Meeting, this well-illustrated volume includes to field trip guides the lavas of the Columbia River basalts, megaflood landscapes of the Channeled Scabland, Mesozoic accreted terranes, metamorphic Precambrian Belt and pre-Belt rocks, and other features of this tectonically active region.
Poor countries to bear brunt of climate change despite emitting least CO2
Many of the world's poorest countries are expected to experience daily heat extremes due to climate change sooner than wealthier nations.
New easy-to-use TB test achieves accuracy comparable to IGRAs in Phase III trials
A new skin test for tuberculosis infection has proven safe, easy to administer and accurate in two Phase III clinical trials, according to research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.
World's richest source of oceanographic data now operational at Rutgers
The data center for the pioneering Ocean Observatories Initiative, which collects and shares data from more than 800 sophisticated instruments and a transmission network across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, is now operating at Rutgers University.
Abnormal SHP2 signaling contributes to lupus-like symptoms in mice
In this month's issue of the JCI, a research group led by Maria Kontaridis of Harvard University identifies a link between lupus and elevations in SHP2 activity.
Greater collaboration between ICU nurses and ICU physicians may minimize VAP risk
Greater collaboration between ICU nursing and medicine could help to minimize ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), according to a study presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.
No, presidential candidates don't usually dodge tough questions
Nearly everybody thinks that presidential candidates routinely dodge hard-hitting questions, providing evasive answers to simple questions.
Nearly half of all heart attacks may be 'silent'
Nearly half of all heart attacks may be silent -- occurring without any symptoms.
Printing metal in midair
Reported online May 16, 2016 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a new laser-assisted direct ink writing method allows microscopic metallic, free-standing 3-D structures to be printed in one step without auxiliary support material.
Trojan horses for hospital bugs
Staphylococcus aureus usually is a formidable bacterial pathogen. Sometimes, however, weakened forms are found in the blood of patients.
OSA linked to heart attack, stroke after coronary revascularization
In an ongoing prospective study involving 1,311 patients from five nations, researchers found that untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was associated with increased risk of a Major Adverse Cardiac and Cerebrovascular Event (MACCE) -- cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (heart attack), non-fatal stroke, and unplanned revascularization such as heart bypass surgery and angioplasty.
Pollution resulting from burning fossil fuels reaches the open ocean via the atmosphere
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are pollutants which come from burning fossil fuels, fires, oil spillages, and other anthropogenic and natural sources.
Technique improves the efficacy of fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells, which rely on low- cost ceramic materials, are among the most efficient and promising type of fuel cell.
Physical activity is 'magic bullet' for pandemics of obesity and cardiovascular disease
The statistics on regular physical activity in the United States are bleak; only about 20 percent of Americans (23 percent of men and 18 percent of women) engage in recommended levels of regular physical activity and about 64 percent never do any physical activity.
Second gene modifies effect of mutation in a dog model of ALS
Canine Degenerative Myelopathy (DM) is a neurodegenerative disease in dogs with similarities to ALS in humans.
New book identifies 50 studies every pediatrician should know
Now that she is a first-time mother of a six-month-old boy, Ashaunta Anderson, M.D., M.P.H., is especially happy to be one of five authors of the just published book, '50 Studies Every Pediatrician Should Know' (Oxford University Press, 2016).
Over half of UK toddler deaths from unintentional drug poisoning due to methadone
Methadone, the medicine used to help heroin addicts kick their habit, is the most common cause of unintentional fatal poisoning from prescribed drugs among UK toddlers, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Watching whisky dry for science (video)
Have you ever watched paint dry? How about whisky? It turns out whisky could hold some chemical clues to making better paints.
MinXSS CubeSat deployed from ISS to study sun's soft X-rays
On May 16, 2016, the bread loaf-sized Miniature X-Ray Solar Spectrometer, or MinXSS, CubeSat deployed from an airlock on the International Space Station to begin its journey into space.
Email-based exercises could improve mental health long-term
Public health interventions conducted via email could improve mental health in an easily accessible and cost-effective way, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Psychology.
Frequent religious service attendance linked with decreased mortality risk among women
Women who attended religious services more than once per week were more than 30 percent less likely to die during a 16-year-follow-up than women who never attended, according to a study from Harvard T.H.
Exacerbations in COPD patients hasten lung function loss
In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, exacerbations accelerated lung function loss, according to a new study presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.
What foods can help fight the risk of chronic inflammation?
A new study by the University of Liverpool's Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease has identified food stuffs that can help prevent chronic inflammation that contributes to many leading causes of death.
Minimally invasive tendon repair technique supports knee movement sooner after surgery
In a new study, University of Missouri researchers have found that suture anchors, a less-invasive tendon repair technique, responded better to strength-testing after the surgery, supporting more movement in the knee earlier in the recovery process.
Children, youth take longer to fully recover from concussion: York U study
The findings indicate that those in the age group of eight and 16 are not only vulnerable to concussions, but because their brain is still developing, they are neurologically more fragile than adults for performing tasks that require cognitive motor integration following a concussion.
Immunization with bacteria promotes stress resilience, coping behaviors in mice
Injections of the soil bacterium Mycobacterium vaccae (M. vaccae NCTC 11659) promote stress resilience and improve coping behaviors in mice, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.
EuroPCR 2016: Improving interventional cardiovascular medicine options and outcomes
More than 12,000 interventional cardiologists and researchers are meeting to share the latest research, developments and best practice in interventional cardiovascular medicine to benefit a growing range of patients.
ICUs strained by increased volume and a near doubling of opioid-related deaths
ICU admissions related to opioid overdoses are steadily increasing, and opioid overdose-related ICU deaths have nearly doubled since 2009.
Neurological complications of Zika virus
A review article published online by JAMA Neurology details what is currently known about Zika virus (ZIKV), its neurological complications and its impact on global human health.
Agriculture Secretary Vilsack announces $130 million available for foundational agricultural research, education and extension
The US Department of Agriculture today announced that $130 million in funding is available for research, education, and extension projects to support sustainable, productive and economically viable plant and animal production systems, including certified organic production.
Pitchers risk greater injury if MLB cuts time between pitches, researchers warn
Proposed rule changes by Major League Baseball, designed to speed up the game by reducing time between pitches, could lead to a spike in arm injuries as players have less time to recover between throws, say researchers who have analyzed the impact of fatigue.
UC geologists identify sources of methane, greenhouse gas, in Ohio, Colorado and Texas
Methane comes from various sources, like landfills, bacterial processes in water, cattle and fracking.
Docs legally allowed to inquire about guns, disclose info to third parties when necessary
Physicians are legally allowed to ask their patients about firearms, counsel them as they would on any other health matter, and disclose that information to third parties when necessary, according to a review published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Long-acting cardioplegia solution results in better outcomes for pediatric heart surgery patients
During heart surgery, it is sometimes necessary to temporarily stop cardiac activity, a process known as cardioplegia.
Coal shipping threat to Great Barrier Reef
Australian researchers have raised fresh concerns that a major shipping disaster could harm the Great Barrier Reef, with new research revealing coal dust in seawater can kill corals and slow down the growth rate of seagrasses and fish.
Scientist collects 30 sawfly species not previously reported from Arkansas
An entomologist at the University of Arkansas recently collected thirty species of plant-feeding wasps that had not been previously recorded in the state.
Converting cells to burn fat, not store it
Researchers have uncovered a new molecular pathway for stimulating the body to burn fat -- a discovery that could help fight obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

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#520 A Closer Look at Objectivism
This week we broach the topic of Objectivism. We'll be speaking with Keith Lockitch, senior fellow at the Ayn Rand Institute, about the philosophy of Objectivism as it's taught through Ayn Rand's writings. Then we'll speak with Denise Cummins, cognitive scientist, author and fellow at the Association for Psychological Science, about the impact of Objectivist ideology on society. Related links: This is what happens when you take Ayn Rand seriously Another Critic Who Doesn’t Care What Rand Thought or Why She Thought It, Only That She’s Wrong Quote is from "A Companion to Ayn Rand"