Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 17, 2016
'Virtual partner' elicits emotional responses from a human partner in real-time
'How does it 'feel' to interact behaviorally with a machine?' To answer that, scientists created a virtual partner that can elicit emotional responses from its human partner while the pair engages in behavioral coordination in real-time.

Middle-school kids see several alcohol ads a day
Children as young as middle-schoolers are exposed to multiple alcohol advertisements every day -- both indoors and out -- a new study finds.

Electronic medical record automated alerts notify physicians when patients at risk of death
Hospitalized patients can deteriorate quickly, requiring prompt identification and treatment, especially since each hour of treatment delay can increase the risk of mortality.

Peering into tissue stiffness with VIPA-based Brillouin spectroscopy
To bring Brillouin spectroscopy to biological samples -- such as a chicken breast, or a patient's potentially cancerous tumor -- researchers at the University of Maryland and Harvard Medical School have recently developed a new virtually imaged phased array-based Brillouin spectrometer.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Magic mushroom compound psilocybin could provide new avenue for antidepressant research
Psilocybin -- a hallucinogenic compound derived from magic mushrooms -- may offer a possible new avenue for antidepressant research, according to a new study published in The Lancet Psychiatry today.

Leading field survey platform expands social impact and global support
In a move that deepens its social impact and expands global support for best practices in data collection, Dobility today announced the launch of a free 'Community' edition of SurveyCTO to enable NGOs, non-profits, researchers, students, and other small-scale users to collect better data in the field.

Using exercise to reduce glutamate build-up in the brain
In a new study published today in Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, scientists from the University of Guelph have found that exercise has the potential to decrease toxic build-up in the brain, reducing the severity of brain disorders such as Huntington's disease.

Chemical emitted by trees can impact St. Louis' ozone levels
St. Louis' hazy summers can sometimes be too hot to handle for people with respiratory issues; increased ozone levels can make the air tough to breathe.

Many physicians make lack a firm understanding of the costs of medical tests & procedures
Physicians are increasingly being asked to help contain costs and reduce the use of low-value health care services.

For ICU patients, nighttime extubations associated with higher mortality
Adult patients who were admitted to US intensive care units had higher mortality if they were extubated overnight.

Ocean acidification puts NW Dungeness crab at risk
Ocean acidification expected to accompany climate change may slow development and reduce survival of the larval stages of Dungeness crab, a key component of the Northwest marine ecosystem and the largest fishery by revenue on the West Coast, a new study has found.

Allan Sandage's last paper unravels 100-year-old astronomical mystery
Carnegie's Allan Sandage, who died in 2012, was a tremendously influential figure in the field of astronomy.

Dynamic DNA polymers can be reversed using biocompatible techniques
DNA-based straight and branched polymers or nanomaterials that can be created and dissolved using biocompatible methods are now possible thanks to the work of Penn State biomedical engineers.

Surgery surprise: Small rural hospitals may be safer, less expensive for common operations
They may be in small towns. They may only have a couple of surgeons.

Experimental drug against hepatitis C slows down Zika virus infection in mice
Virologists from KU Leuven, Belgium, have shown that an experimental antiviral drug against hepatitis C slows down the development of Zika in mice.

Towards decommissioning Fukushima: 'Seeing' boron distribution in molten debris
Japanese researchers have mapped the distribution of boron compounds in a model control rod, paving the way for determining re-criticality risk within the reactor.

UTHealth receives $1.55 million grant from the New York Life Foundation
The New York Life Foundation has awarded a three-year, $1.55 million grant to The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) Trauma and Grief (TAG) Center for Youth to establish the GIFT (Grief-Informed Foundations of Treatment) network, a multi-site practice-research network that will refine, evaluate and validate assessment tools for grieving children to identify the appropriate support or intervention needed.

More than 10 risk factors identified in readmission of pediatric neurosurgery patients
Big data provides insight into patient readmission after pediatric neurosurgery.

External stenting can relieve chronic airway obstruction in children
Surgeons in Japan have developed a technique to relieve airway obstruction in children.

Exposure to narrow band of green light improves migraine symptoms
Light sensitivity, or photophobia, is a frequent symptom of migraine headaches, which affect nearly 15 percent of the world's population.

Differences in individuals' immune responses linked to flu vaccine effectiveness
For the first time, scientists have identified how differences in individuals' immune responses might be linked to the effectiveness of the seasonal influenza vaccination program.

Simple screening test can predict heart failure severity
It is now recognized that sarcopenia, defined as the loss of muscle mass and strength, is related to heart failure.

Is an insulin pump the best therapy for everyone with type 1 diabetes?
Insulin pump therapy contributes to better blood glucose control in type 1 diabetes and, as pump technology continues to improve and become part of sensor-controlled feedback and artificial pancreas systems, essentially all patients would benefit from their capabilities according to a Commentary published in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.

UTA researcher to employ scanning laser to measure road aggregate microtexture
A University of Texas at Arlington engineer is working with the Texas A&M Transportation Institute to assess whether scanning lasers can accurately measure microtexture of aggregates, which are used in asphalt and concrete mixtures.

Paris climate agreement cannot be met without emissions reduction target for agriculture
Scientists have calculated, for the first time, the extent to which agricultural emissions must be reduced to meet the Paris climate agreement's plan to limit warming to 2°C in 2100.

New insights into human rare disorders with dogs
Professor Hannes Lohi's research group from the University of Helsinki has discovered three novel canine genes for Caffey, Raine and van den Ende-Gupta syndromes.

Blocking apoptotic response could preserve fertility in women receiving cancer treatments
Female cancer patients of reproductive age could preserve their fertility during radiation and chemotherapy through treatments that target the DNA damage response in oocytes (the cells that develop into eggs), an approach that works in animal models.

Gene helps prevent heart attack, stroke -- and may offer way to block effects of aging
A gene that scientific dogma insists is inactive in adults actually plays a vital role in preventing the underlying cause of most heart attacks and strokes, researchers have determined.

Capitalizing on a teachable moment motivates parents of kids with asthma to quit smoking
Parents who smoke are more likely to quit smoking after receiving motivational smoking cessation counseling following a 'teachable moment' such as witnessing their child experience an asthma attack.

Goldschmidt -- the world's major geochemistry conference
Goldschmidt2016, the world's major geochemistry congress, is due to take place in Yokohama, Japan, from June 26-July 1, 2016.

Drug against breast cancer is also highly potent against a frequent form of leukaemia
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is the most frequent form of blood cancer.

HIV-infected patients more likely to lack cancer treatment
A new study finds HIV-infected patients with cancer in the United States appear to be less likely to receive cancer treatment, regardless of insurance and other existing health conditions.

Dietary intake differs in infants who follow baby-led weaning
Researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago have undertaken the first-ever study looking at what infants eat when they follow baby-led weaning and found that they have a lot of healthy eating habits, but also some less healthy ones.

First clinical use of bioabsorbable vascular grafts in children shows promise
Bioabsorbable heart valves or blood vessels are designed to harness the body's innate healing process, enabling the natural restoration of complex body parts as the synthetic graft is absorbed.

Combining nanotextured surfaces with the Leidenfrost effect for extreme water repellency
Combining superhydrophobic surfaces with Leidenfrost levitation -- picture a water droplet hovering over a hot surface rather than making physical contact with it -- has been explored extensively for the past decade by researchers hoping to uncover the holy grail of water-repellent surfaces.

How did the giraffe get its long neck? Clues now revealed by new genome sequencing
For the first time, the genomes of the giraffe and its closest living relative, the reclusive okapi of the African rainforest, have been sequenced -- revealing the first clues about the genetic changes that led to the evolution of the giraffe's exceptionally long neck and its record-holding ranking as the world's tallest land species.

Researchers may be one step closer to curing HIV
Scientists from KU Leuven, Belgium, present a new therapeutic approach that may make it possible for HIV patients to (temporarily) stop their medication.

Oregon's Coos Bay historically has avoided serious hypoxic conditions
A study of the 15-mile length of Coos Bay, from the ocean to the city of the same name, finds the bay is free of toxic levels of reduced oxygen that often affect other Oregon locations in the summer months.

Iowa State professor says 'it pays to be paranoid' when acquiring other firms
An Iowa State University management professor says corporations need to recognize the threat of competitive retaliation when acquiring another business.

Surprising mechanism of acid reflux damage identified by UTSW/Dallas VA researchers
The 'acid' in 'acid reflux' may not be the direct cause of damage to the esophagus as previously suspected, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center and Dallas VA Medical Center.

Risk factors for unplanned hospital readmission following pediatric neurosurgery
Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham have determined specific risk factors associated with hospital readmission following pediatric neurosurgery.

Novel nicotine inhaler doubles smoking quit rates
A study by researchers at New Zealand's University of Otago, Wellington shows that smokers who used a nicotine inhaler were twice as likely to quit smoking as smokers using a placebo inhaler.

Squeezing out mountains, mathematically, on Jupiter's moon Io
The odd-looking mountains on Jupiter's innermost moon, Io, are made by a tectonic process unique to Io (and maybe the early Earth), suggests a numerical experiment by two scientists, including Washington University's Bill McKinnon.

Infants exposed to SSRI antidepressants are more likely to have decreased birth weight
A new study, published today in the International Journal of Epidemiology, has found that prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) has a significant association with lower birth weight and gestational length.

Gone with the wind: Argonne coating shows surprising potential to improve reliability in wind power
A group of researchers from the Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Akron discovered that a particular form of carbon coating not necessarily designed for wind turbines may indeed prove a boon to the wind industry -- a serendipitous finding that was recently highlighted in the journal Tribology International.

Study proves removing beach debris increases sea turtle nests
Conventional wisdom says removing beach debris helps sea turtles nest; now, as sea-turtle nesting season gets underway, a new University of Florida study proves it.

EPO in very preterm infants does not improve neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years
In a study appearing in the May 17 issue of JAMA, Giancarlo Natalucci, M.D., of the University of Zurich, Switzerland, and colleagues randomly assigned 448 preterm infants born between 26 weeks 0 days' and 31 weeks 6 days' gestation to receive either high-dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) or placebo (saline) intravenously within 3 hours, at 12 to 18 hours, and at 36 to 42 hours after birth.

Cell division and inflammatory disease link revealed
A ground-breaking study by University of Manchester and Liverpool scientists and published in the journal eLife has identified a new link between inflammation and cell division.

Making plants fit for climate change
Breeding barley that provides good yields even in a hot and dry climate -- a research team of the University of Würzburg is currently busy with this task.

Genetically engineered crops: Experiences and prospects -- new report
An extensive study by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has found that new technologies in genetic engineering and conventional breeding are blurring the once clear distinctions between these two crop-improvement approaches.

UTSA professors receive grant to study San Antonio storm water
Marcio Giacomoni, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering and Heather Shipley, associate professor and chair of the UTSA Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio, have received a $42,800 grant from the Greater Edwards Aquifer Alliance and San Antonio River Authority to support top-tier research on how storm water can be decontaminated and used by the San Antonio community.

New findings from SUNY Downstate resolve controversy over PKMzeta in maintaining memory
New research led by SUNY Downstate Medical Center shows that mice devoid of PKMzeta, a molecule previously identified by SUNY Downstate scientists as essential to memory formation and storage, recruit a closely related molecule, PKCiota/lambda, to make up for the missing PKMzeta.

Research finds skull condition thought extinct is actually widespread
Some forensic anthropologists thought the skull condition called cribra orbitalia was a thing of the past -- but new research finds that it not only still exists, but is fairly common in both North America and South Africa.

EuroPCR 2016: Half of transcatheter heart valves show degeneration within 10 years of TAVI
A study following up patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) suggests that half of the transcatheter heart valves implanted show degeneration within 10 years, questioning the long-term durability of some currently used valves.

Pascali honored for contributions to engineering education
Raresh Pascali, instructional associate professor in the Mechanical Engineering Technology Program at the University of Houston, has been named the 2016 recipient of the Ross Kastor Educator Award.

Melatonin reduces blood pressure and tunes up disrupted circadian rhythms in the elderly
Increased blood pressure and reduced robustness of circadian rhythms are frequently reported in elderly subjects.

Higher consumption of potatoes may increase risk of hypertension
In a new study, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Harvard T.H.

Exploring today's research on tomorrow's battery
About 250 of the world's leading energy storage experts will gather for the Ninth Energy Storage Symposium: Beyond Lithium Ion, which runs May 24-26, 2016, at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Wash.

Crossref Publishers deliver win for clinical trial openness
At the click of a button, health professionals and researchers will now be able to view all of the clinical trials referenced in the paper they are reading, and any related publications such as the protocol, statistical analysis plan, and results articles.

Schools need to provide better access to community services so all students can learn
All across the country, there are low-performing school districts, under-achieving students and frustrated teachers, but current literature doesn't fully address the root of the problems.

Shape-shifting modular interactive device unveiled
A prototype for an interactive mobile device, called Cubimorph, which can change shape on-demand will be presented this week at one of the leading international forums for robotics researchers, ICRA 2016, in Stockholm, Sweden, May 16-21.

Mind your busyness
Busy over-50s have better cognitive function, shows study.

Financial status affects success of students with learning disabilities
A new University of Iowa study found that only one third of undergraduates from 11 universities who reported having a learning disability were receiving accommodations.

Study shows how neurons reach their final destinations
The discovery that unattached, sliding microtubules aid in neuronal migration, could ultimately help researchers better understand how neurons gone astray contribute to neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism.

Mom's exposure to BPA during pregnancy may put her baby on course to obesity
Prenatal exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA), a common chemical used in plastic water bottles and canned food, is associated with measures of obesity in children at age 7, according to researchers from the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health.

Simple, rapid TB diagnosis feasible in low-resource, high-burden settings
A streamlined approach to tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis requiring a single sputum sample and providing rapid, accurate results to patients proved feasible in rural Uganda, according to research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.

International science research conference coming to San Diego
Over 2,400 attendees will discuss topics in batteries and energy storage, corrosion science and technology, electronics, fuel cells and energy conversion, carbon nanostructures, sensors, and more.

Racial and ethnic differences found in psychiatric diagnoses and treatment, according to researchers
Non-Hispanic blacks are almost twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to be diagnosed with schizophrenia, but they're significantly less likely to receive medication for treatment, according to researchers.

Endogenous retroviruses: Lethal reawakening
Retroviral DNAs integrate into host genomes, but their expression is normally repressed by cellular defense mechanisms.

Can sesame-based ingredients reduce oxidative stress?
The antioxidant boosting properties of sesame, and especially sesame oil, can have a significant effect on oxidative stress, improving human health, according to a systematic review published in Journal of Medicinal Food.

Fine-tuning for intestinal immune cells
An international team of researchers under the leadership of the LIMES Institute and the excellence cluster ImmunoSensation of the University of Bonn unraveled a new regulatory mechanism how food components and environmental factors influence the immune system.

Europa's ocean may have an Earthlike chemical balance
The ocean of Jupiter's moon Europa could have the necessary balance of chemical energy for life, even if the moon lacks volcanic hydrothermal activity, finds a new study.

No link between eating dinner after 8 p.m. and obesity in children
Researchers at King's College London have found no significant link between eating the evening meal after 8 p.m. and excess weight in children, according to a paper published this month in the British Journal of Nutrition.

30 percent of female physicians report sexual harassment
In a survey of high-achieving physician-scientists, nearly a third of women reported experiencing sexual harassment.

Words, more words ... and statistics
Picking out single words in a flow of speech is no easy task and, according to linguists, to succeed in doing it the brain might use statistical methods.

Cisplatin may cause more permanent hearing loss in people with Cockayne syndrome
'Our studies of a mouse model of Cockayne syndrome are the first to point to the importance of ongoing DNA repair in protecting the sensitive sensory hair cells of the inner ear from such environmental stress,' the senior author said.

Altered purine metabolism linked to depression
People suffering from major depressive disorder may have altered purine metabolism, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital.

Adding microbial xylanase to diets containing rice bran increases energy value for pigs
Research at the University of Illinois is finding ways to make rice bran, an abundant co-product of the production of white rice for human consumption, more efficient as a feed ingredient for pigs

Relationship satisfaction depends on the mating pool, study finds
Relationship satisfaction and the energy devoted to keeping a partner are dependent on how the partner compares with other potential mates, a finding that relates to evolution's stronghold on modern relationship psychology, according to a study at The University of Texas at Austin.

Mortality outcomes for common surgical procedures at critical access hospitals
In a study appearing in the May 17 issue of JAMA, Andrew M.

Wyss Institute collaborates with ReWalk Robotics to develop wearable exosuits
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has entered into a collaboration with ReWalk Robotics Ltd., to accelerate the development of the Institute's lightweight, wearable soft exosuit technologies for assisting people with lower limb disabilities.

ColumbiaDoctors and Medscape partner to deliver clinical answers and expertise
ColumbiaDoctors and Medscape today announced a partnership that gives physicians using Medscape Consult™ access to the expertise of ColumbiaDoctors, Columbia University Medical Center's faculty practice.

What happens when you swallow gum? (video)
It's a legendary piece of playground lore: if you swallow a piece of gum, it stays stuck in your stomach forever.

Leading sexual health specialist calls for HIV prevention PrEP to be 'available now'
Following the decision by NHS England to not make pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) available to HIV-negative persons in England at risk of acquiring HIV, Dr Michael Brady, Medical Director of the Terrence Higgins Trust, in an editorial published today in the SAGE journal Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease responds and outlines how: 'PrEP is undoubtedly an essential addition to our approach to combination HIV prevention and needs to be available now.'

High-power prismatic devices may further expand visual fields for patients with hemianopia
Researchers from the Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear and Harvard Medical School have designed three new eyeglasses using high-power prisms to optimally expand the visual fields of patients with hemianopia, a condition in which the visual fields of both eyes are cut by half.

At attention, molecules!
University of Iowa chemists have learned about a molecular assembly that may help create quicker, more responsive touch screens, among other applications.

Plants display nature's optofluidic machinery
If you place a houseplant next to a sunny window, you may notice the leaves bending toward the light.

Nudging health in food pantries
Grocery stores and cafeterias successfully nudge selection of target foods, but can this same strategy be used to encourage food pantry clients to select target healthful foods?

Increased vegetation in the Arctic region may counteract global warming
Climate change creates more shrub vegetation in barren, arctic ecosystems.

Chronic fatigue patients more likely to suppress emotions
Chronic fatigue syndrome patients report they are more anxious and distressed than people who don't have the condition, and they are also more likely to suppress those emotions.

International Communication Association to hold annual conference in Fukuoka, Japan
The International Communication Association will hold its annual conference June 9-13 in Fukuoka, Japan, at the Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk Hotel.

Care for COPD: Could more be done?
Meilan Han, M.D., an associate professor of internal medicine at the University of Michigan and the medical director of the U-M Women's Respiratory Health Program, is the lead author on a new report that set out to provide a comprehensive view of COPD care in the US.

Infertility risk posed by endometriosis may be half of previous estimation
According to the study's prospective analysis, the infertility risk posed by endometriosis is about half previous estimates and indicates a possible detection bias in earlier studies.

Cooling, time in the dark preserve perovskite solar power
A new study has found both the cause and a solution for the pesky tendency of perovskite solar cells to degrade in sunlight, a research breakthrough potentially removing one roadblock to commercialization for this promising technology.

Holidays in the sun hold key to boosting vitamin D, study finds
Holidays abroad may hold the key to tackling Scotland's vitamin D deficiency, research suggests.

VA hospitals favor mitral valve repair vs. replacement
Little is known about mitral valve surgical outcomes within the largest US federal health system -- the Veterans Administration Health System.

Decision-makers hold overly optimistic expectations for critically ill patient outcomes
More than half of the family and friends making decisions for critically ill patients have significantly different estimates for the patient's survival than their doctor -- but that's not only because of a misunderstanding, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers report in today's issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Southern California middle school students exposed to more than 3 alcohol ads each day
Adolescents in Southern California are exposed to an average of 3.1 alcohol advertisements every day, with African-Americans and Hispanics regularly exposed to the highest amount of such advertising, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Genetic switch turned on during fasting helps stop inflammation
Salk scientists find key molecule that keeps gut bacteria in check.

Physicians, surrogates often do not agree on a patient's likelihood of survival
Among critically ill patients, expectations about prognosis often differ between physicians and surrogate decision makers, and the causes are more complicated than the surrogate simply misunderstanding the physicians' assessments of prognosis, according to a study appearing in the May 17 issue of JAMA.

New partnership to study link between olfaction and neurodegenerative disease
Deterioration in a person's ability to smell can sometimes be an early sign of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's or Alzheimer's.

Study advances understanding of colon cancer and colitis
The transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-alpha (HNF4-alpha) plays a key role in colon cancer and colitis.

Twitter location data can reveal users' home, work addresses
Researchers at MIT and Oxford University have shown that the location stamps on just a handful of Twitter posts -- as few as eight over the course of a single day -- can be enough to disclose the addresses of the poster's home and workplace to a relatively low-tech snooper.

Long-term memory has back-up plan, researchers find
A team of scientists has identified the existence of a back-up plan for memory storage, which comes into play when the molecular mechanism of primary long-term memory storage fails.

Olympic and Paralympic Games, risks to public health
This document assesses the health risks related to communicable diseases and other health threats for European citizens during their stay in Brazil for the Rio 2016 Olympics and Paralympics Summer Games, and the public health implications for European countries after travelers' return to Europe.

Vanderbilt University awarded $4 million grant to examine 'genetic privacy'
Researchers at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine have received a four-year, $4-million grant from the National Institutes of Health to establish a new center for the study of privacy concerns associated with the use of genomic information, the NIH announced today May 17.

York U invention promises rapid detection of E. coli in water
The new technology has cut down the time taken to detect E. coli from a few days to just a couple of hours.

Sleep disorders underreported, commonly untreated among cerebral palsy patients
A recent study by Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare sheds light on population of people who are affected by obstructive sleep apnea: children who have cerebral palsy (CP).

Asthma overdiagnosed in Canadian adults
Asthma is overdiagnosed in an estimated 30 percent of Canadian adults, according to a study presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.

Blocking known cancer driver unexpectedly reveals a new tumor-promoting pathway
While investigating a potential therapeutic target for the ERK1 and 2 pathway, a widely expressed signaling molecule known to drive cancer growth in one third of patients with colorectal cancer, University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers found that an alternative pathway immediately emerges when ERK1/2 is halted, thus allowing tumor cell proliferation to continue.

EuroPCR 2016: Polymer-free coronary stent more effective & safer than BMS in ACS patients
Results from a prespecified sub-study of the LEADERS FREE trial in patients with acute coronary syndromes and high risk for bleeding show lower rates of target lesion revascularisation and fewer adverse events after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with a polymer-free drug-coated stent than with a bare metal stent.

Plasma physics' giant leap
For the first time, scientists are looking at real data -- not computer models, but direct observation -- about what is happening in the fascinating region where the Earth's magnetic field breaks and then joins with the interplanetary magnetic field.

UNIST welcomes Korean branch of Fraunhofer Research Group
UNIST, a South Korean university located in Ulsan, has welcomed the official launch of a Korean branch of Germany's Fraunhofer research group, called 'Fraunhofer Project Centre for Composites Research@UNIST (FPC@UNIST)' on May 10, 2016.

2016: Optimal imaging matches intravascular ultrasound for guiding PCI EuroPCR
The first study to compare optimal frequency domain imaging (OFDI) with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) shows equivalent clinical outcomes with both imaging techniques.

Evolution: Building blocks of life
Biological evolution was preceded by a long phase of chemical evolution during which precursors of biopolymers accumulated.

Dr. B. Star Hampton receives distinguished service award
B. Star Hampton, M.D., F.A.C.O.G., a board certified urogynecologist in the Division of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery at Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island and an associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, has recently received the inaugural distinguished service award from the Society of Gynecologic Surgeons.

Doctors don't die differently than anyone else, CU Anschutz researchers say
A new study from researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus appears to disprove the increasingly popular notion that doctors die differently than everyone else, using fewer interventions that often have little value.

How do trees go to sleep?
Most living organisms adapt their behavior to the rhythm of day and night.

IU experts organize NSF-funded conference on data-driven science policy
Indiana University data scientists will gather May 17 to 18 at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. for the Modeling Science, Technology and Innovation Conference, which reviews opportunities and challenges associated with the use of big data, visual analytics and computational models to advance public policy decisions related to science, technology and innovation.

NTU Singapore launches S$42 million 3-D printing research center
Nanyang Technological University has launched a new S$42 million research center that will develop innovative solutions in 3-D printing.

New study shows how shift work affect cognitive functions
A new study from Uppsala University shows that compared to non-shift workers, shift workers needed more time to complete a test that is frequently used by physicians to screen for cognitive impairment.

Mason researchers keep networks moving to stay safe from hacker attacks
Imagine burglars have targeted your home, but before they break in, you've already moved and are safe from harm.

A narrow band of green light could improve migraines
Most migraine and post-traumatic headache sufferers find their headaches get worse in light, leading them to quit their most fundamental daily tasks and seek the comfort of darkness.

Open Science environment Unicorn allows researchers and decision makers to work together
Given that the most important societal needs require multidisciplinary collaboration between researchers and decision makers, a suitable environment has to be provided in the first place.

UW team first to measure microscale granular crystal dynamics
University of Washington mechanical engineers have for the first time analyzed interactions between microscale granular crystals -- a first step in creating novel materials that could be used for impact mitigation, signal processing, disease diagnosis, or even making more controllable solid rocket propellants.

New mechanism for wound healing identified by MDI Biological Laboratory scientist
MDI Biological Laboratory scientist Vicki P. Losick, Ph.D., has identified a new mechanism for wound healing that has wide-ranging therapeutic potential for the treatment of injury, disease and even aging.

Thinning out the carbon capture viscosity problem
Researchers have used computer modeling to design carbon dioxide binding materials so that they retain a low viscosity after sponging up carbon dioxide, based on a surprise they found in their explorations.

Higher potato consumption associated with increased risk of high blood pressure
Higher intakes of boiled, baked, or mashed potatoes, and French fries is associated with an increased risk of developing high blood pressure (hypertension) in adult women and men, according to a study published by The BMJ today.

NIH funds new studies on ethical, legal and social impact of genomic information
The National Institutes of Health have awarded four institutions approximately $15 million to support research projects on the ethical, legal and social questions raised by advances in genomics research and the increasing availability of genomic information.

Critical shortage of cardiothoracic surgeons anticipated by 2035
Looking ahead to 2035, a growing disparity is projected between the number of cardiothoracic surgeons needed and the number available.

First peek into the brain of a freely walking fruit fly
Researchers at the Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind at the University of California San Diego have developed a technique for imaging brain activity in a freely walking fruit fly.

The shape of cities shapes the weather
In an EPFL-led study published in the Journal of Boundary Layer Meteorology, researchers have shown that the way cities are represented in today's weather and air quality models fails to capture the true magnitude of some important features, such as the transfer of energy and heat in the lower atmosphere.

How efficient can solar cells be? UNSW nudges closer to physical limits
A new solar cell configuration developed by engineers at the University of New South Wales has pushed sunlight-to-electricity conversion efficiency to 34.5 percent -- establishing a new world record for unfocused sunlight and nudging closer to the theoretical limits for such a device.

Sexual harassment and discrimination experiences of academic medical faculty
In a study appearing in the May 17 issue of JAMA, Reshma Jagsi, M.D., D.Phil., of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and colleagues conducted a survey of clinician-researchers on career and personal experiences, including questions on gender bias and sexual harassment.

Humans have been causing earthquakes in Texas since the 1920s
Earthquakes triggered by human activity have been happening in Texas since at least 1925, and they have been widespread throughout the state ever since, according to a new historical review of the evidence published online May 18 in Seismological Research Letters.

Chesapeake Bay health improves in 2015
The overall health of Chesapeake Bay improved in 2015, according to scientists at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to