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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | May 18, 2016


Kids who text and watch TV simultaneously likely to underperform at school
The more time teenagers spend splitting their attention between various devices such as their phones, video games or TV, the lower their test scores in math and English tend to be.
New species of horned dinosaur with a spiked 'shield'
A chance fossil discovery in Montana a decade ago has led to the identification of an audacious new species of horned dinosaur, Spiclypeus shipporum, according to a study published May 18, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jordan Mallon, from the Canadian Museum of Nature, Canada, and colleagues.
Mille-feuille-filter removes viruses from water
A simple paper sheet made by scientists at Uppsala University can improve the quality of life for millions of people by removing resistant viruses from water.
IRIS releases new imagery of Mercury transit
On May 9, 2016, a NASA solar telescope called the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, or IRIS, observed Mercury crossing in front of the sun -- an astronomical phenomenon known as a Mercury transit.
Ramizol®: A new treatment for Clostridium difficile associated disease
A scientific paper released today in the Journal of Antibiotics presents the pre-clinical development of Ramizol®, a first generation drug belonging to a new class of styrylbenzene antibiotics with a novel mechanism of action.
How your brain learns to ride the subway -- and why AI developers care
In machine learning, a programmer might develop an AI that can calculate all possible consequences of a single action.
A beautiful instance of stellar ornamentation
In this image from ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT), light from blazing blue stars energizes the gas left over from the stars' recent formation.
Carnegie Mellon develops bio-mimicry method for preparing and labeling stem cells
Carnegie Mellon researchers have developed a new method for preparing mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that not only leads to the production of more native stem cells, but also labels them with a FDA approved iron-oxide nanoparticle (Ferumoxytol).
Early introduction of allergenic foods reduces risk of food sensitization
Children who had a diet that included cow's milk products, egg and peanut before age one were less likely to develop sensitization to the corresponding foods, according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.
Novel lab test may advance diagnosis of rare but dangerous pregnancy condition
A laboratory blood test developed at Johns Hopkins for the diagnosis of a rare genetic red blood cell disorder also shows promise in identifying HELLP syndrome, a life-threatening high blood pressure condition affecting 1 percent of all pregnant women.
USDA announces $21 million available for bioeconomy research and development
The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) today announced the availability of $21 million to support the development of regional systems in sustainable bioenergy and biobased products, as well as education and training for the next generation of scientists that will expand availability of renewable, sustainable goods and energy.
Early-capture HIV study allows for characterization of acute infection period
In a study by the US Military HIV Research Program published in The New England Journal of Medicine, scientists enrolled and intensively followed a cohort of high-risk individuals, tracking their HIV status and characterizing the disease through the acute stages of HIV infection.
Hot tubs and swimming pools are not as clean as you may think
Whether water is hot in a tub or cold in a pool, it can bring immediate relief from stress or summer heat.
Harvard licenses genotyping platform to startup Aldatu Biosciences
The technology addresses the profound challenge of drug resistance among HIV-infected patients in resource-poor areas.
NIH names Johns Hopkins a Center of Excellence for bioethics research
The Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics will lead a university-wide team looking at the ethical, legal and social implications of applying genomics to research on, and prevention and treatment of, infectious disease, funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute.
High blood pressure linked to vascular dementia
High blood pressure could significantly raise the risk of developing the second most common form of dementia, according to a new study from The George Institute for Global Health.
Hornbills in the Kalahari desert may keep cool by losing heat through their beaks
When temperatures are scorching, southern yellow-billed hornbills in the Kalahari Desert of southern Africa dilate blood vessels in their beaks to thermoregulate and cool off, according to a study published May 18, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Tanja van de Ven from the Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town, South Africa, and colleagues.
Most local government budgets gain from oil, gas development
The recent surge in oil and natural gas development has been beneficial for most local governments in the United States, according to new findings by two Duke University researchers.
New study evaluates nicotine's relationship to body weight and food intake
A study published today in Nicotine & Tobacco Research demonstrates in a carefully controlled series of studies that the self-administration of nicotine by rats suppresses body weight gain independent of food intake.
Conventional radiation therapy may not protect healthy brain cells
A new study shows that repeated radiation therapy used to target tumors in the brain may not be as safe to healthy brain cells as previously assumed.
Two-pronged attack on chemotherapy-resistant leukemia cells
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common type of childhood cancer in Switzerland.
Use of arthroscopic hip surgery way up, but patient selection important for good outcome
The use of arthroscopic hip surgery for pain relief has increased dramatically in the past decade.
Innovations are needed if Big Data is to boost jobs, says new research
Phenomenal quantities of valuable data are now being collected and created by UK businesses but much of its commercial potential remains untapped.
ADHD may emerge after childhood for some people, according to new study
While it is well established that childhood ADHD may continue into adulthood, new research by King's College London suggests that for some people the disorder does not emerge until after childhood.
Foreign language teachers facing a confidence conundrum
Foreign language teachers play a pivotal role in creating global citizens, but some teachers lack confidence in their ability to speak in their nonnative tongue, which could undermine the quality of language instruction, Michigan State University researchers argue.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome associated with higher mortality, more severe illness
Patients with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) develop more severe critical illness and have higher mortality than patients with non-MERS severe acute respiratory infection (SARI), according to investigators involved with the largest study of critically ill patients with MERS.
This week from AGU: New Orleans sinks, mega-earthquakes, and 1 research spotlight
This week from AGU are highlights on New Orleans sinks, mega-earthquakes, and one research spotlight.
$2.5 million boost for lymphoma research through Tanoto Foundation
The SingHealth Duke-NUS Academic Medical Centre announced today that a S$2.5 million Tanoto Foundation Professorship in Medical Oncology has been conferred to Assoc Prof Lim Soon Thye, Head and Senior Consultant of the Division of Medical Oncology at the National Cancer Centre Singapore; and Assistant Dean at Duke-NUS Medical School.
Antimicrobial in common toothpaste doesn't impact gut, oral microbiome
Personal hygiene products such as soaps and toothpastes that contain the antibiotic triclosan do not have a major influence on microbial communities or endocrine function, according to a small, randomized trial.
Could hepatitis C treatments help prevent virus transmission?
An international team of researchers has shed light on the potential impact of new drugs for hepatitis C virus (HCV).
Calcium channels team up to activate excitable cells
Voltage-gated calcium channels open in unison, rather than independently, to allow calcium ions into and activate excitable cells such as neurons and muscle cells, researchers with UC Davis Health System and the University of Washington have found.
Gentle strength for robots
A soft actuator using electrically controllable membranes could pave the way for machines that are no danger to humans.
Common antimicrobial agent rapidly disrupts gut bacteria
A new study suggests that triclosan, an antimicrobial and antifungal agent found in many consumer products ranging from hand soaps to toys and even toothpaste, can rapidly disrupt bacterial communities found in the gut.
Supernova reserve fuel tank clue to big parents
Some supernovae have a reserve tank of radioactive fuel that cuts in and powers their explosions for three times longer than astronomers had previously thought.
Researchers shed light on pathway from virus to brain disease
Why people on immunosuppressant drugs for autoimmune conditions have a higher incidence of an often-fatal brain disease may be linked to a mutation in a common virus, according to researchers at Penn State College of Medicine.
Antidote to opioid drug overdoses could become more accessible
Over the past 15 years, deaths caused by heroin and prescription opioid overdoses have quadrupled despite the existence of a highly effective antidote.
Strategies for dealing with the cuckoo mafia
Host birds only tolerate parasitic eggs in their nests when they fear retaliation.
SEISE tool uses semantic gaps to detect website promotional attacks
By detecting semantic inconsistencies in content, researchers have developed a new technique for identifying promotional infections of websites operated by government and educational organizations.
The Samfund to receive ASTRO Survivor Circle Grant
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has selected The Samfund, a Boston-based cancer organization, to receive one of two ASTRO 2016 Survivor Circle Grants.
Less decline than expected in brain, spine defects after folic acid fortification program
There is less decline than expected in the rate of brain and spine defects after a folic acid fortification program, a Stanford study finds.
Habitat quality drives birds' reproductive success
Five songbird species in California's oak woodlands each seek out a different habitat to maximize their reproductive success, according to new research in The Auk: Ornithological Advances.
New horned dinosaur species with 'spiked shield' identified by Canadian Museum of Nature
A chance fossil discovery in Montana a decade ago has led to the identification of an audacious new species of horned dinosaur.
HIV: Identification of receptors in patients spontaneously controlling infection
A small number of patients infected by HIV spontaneously control viral replication without antiretroviral therapy, and do not develop the disease.
Some antibiotics may worsen complications in transplant patients
Some broad-spectrum antibiotics that disrupt the gut microbiome may raise the risk of complications from stem cell transplantation, according to a new study evaluating data from more than 850 transplant patients, as well as from mice.
VTT delivers world's first industrial Internet solution for a printed electronics plant
VTT's printed electronics pilot plant in Finland has moved into a new era -- an industrial Internet-based solution, the first for the printed electronics production in the world, has been installed for the control of the plant.
Novel gene therapy shows potential for lung repair in asthma
A new study has demonstrated a way to deliver a nanoparticle-based gene therapy, in order to repair lungs damaged by chronic allergic asthma and to reduce inflammation that causes asthma attacks.
NIST forensic scientist helps Vietnamese counterparts identify wartime remains
Vietnam is undertaking efforts to use DNA techniques to identify its war dead, and a NIST scientist was in Hanoi this spring presenting the latest methods to Vietnamese scientists.
Insilico Medicine and National Laboratory Astana to develop human aging biomarkers
Insilico Medicine announced an agreement with National Laboratory Astana, Nazarbayev University, one of the most rapidly growing universities in the world to collaboratively study aging and age-associated pathologies.
Syphilis infections on the rise in Europe
New data released in ECDC's Annual Epidemiological report show that since 2010, the overall syphilis rates have been going up across Europe, particularly among men.
Burial sites show how Nubians, Egyptians integrated communities thousands of years ago
New bioarchaeological evidence shows that Nubians and Egyptians integrated into a community, and even married, in ancient Sudan, according to new research from a Purdue University anthropologist.
No junk-food diet: Even in cities, bees find flowers and avoid processed sugars
New research from North Carolina State University finds that bees in urban areas stick to a flower-nectar diet, steering clear of processed sugars found in soda and other junk food.
Researchers develop new way to decode large amounts of biological data
In recent years, the amount of genomic data available to scientists has exploded.
Scientists uncover novel therapeutic targets and candidate biomarkers in childhood cancers
Brazilian scientists have obtained evidence suggesting that neurotrophins, which are well-known signaling molecules in normal brain development and function, may be useful biomarkers and therapeutic targets in childhood cancers.
Hubbard Brook: Lessons from the forest
For more than half a century, scientists have converged on the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in the White Mountains of New Hampshire to explore how forest ecosystems work, from the flow of water and nutrients to the ecology and behavior of forest animals.
John Beckman: 'Astronomy is a science that makes us humble'
The University of La Laguna celebrated the solemn act of investment as Doctor Honoris Causa of the astrophysicist John Beckman, Emeritus Research Professor of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and of the Astrophysics Department of the University of La Laguna, as well as researcher at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.
Ocelot density in the Brazilian Amazon may be lower than expected
The population density of ocelots in the Brazilian Amazon may be stable but lower than expected, according to a study published May 18, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Daniel Gomes da Rocha from the University of Oxford, UK, and colleagues.
Queen's University Belfast astronomers' starring role in first movie of the universe
The Science and Technology Facilities Council today confirmed that Queen's Astrophysics Research Centre will play a leading role in the UK's participation in the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope project.
First national study of US parks finds low use by adults, seniors and females
Although it is critically important for adults and seniors to engage in physical activity, most neighborhood parks have few programmed activities targeted to those groups, according to a new study.
The IAC signs in Tokyo an agreement with the Riken Institute of Advanced Photonics
On May 13, 2016, a ceremony was held at RIKEN Wako campus to ink a MoU between Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC) and RAP for starting the collaborative research on the search for the experimental evidene of the inflation at the early universe by observing the wide-angle polarization correlation of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB).
Sounding rocket EVE supporting tune-up of SDO EVE instrument
Satellites provide data daily on our own planet, our sun and the universe around us.
Study shows GMU's Lyme disease early-detection test is effective
After three years and 300 patients, George Mason University researchers have proof that their early-detection urine test for Lyme disease works.
How depression and antidepressant drugs work
New research demonstrates the effectiveness of ketamine to treat depression in a mouse model of the disease.
UK first heart operations using novel system at Leicester
The UK's first heart operations using a novel software platform to pinpoint the source of the heart condition have been carried out in Leicester thanks to research at the University of Leicester.
Inhaled steroids may increase risk of nontuberculous mycobacteria lung disease
Patients with obstructive lung disease who take inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) may be at greater risk for nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease (NTM PD), according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference.
Yale study: How antibodies access neurons to fight infection
Yale scientists have solved a puzzle of the immune system -- how antibodies enter the nervous system to control viral infections.
First evidence of icy comets orbiting a sun-like star
Astronomers have found the first evidence of comets around a star similar to the sun, providing an opportunity to study what our solar system was like as a 'baby.'
OU team develops new antibiotic to fight MRSA
A University of Oklahoma team of chemists has developed a new antibiotic formulation to fight the sometimes deadly staph infection caused by methicillin-resistant S. aureus or MRSA and other antibiotic-resistant infectious bacteria.
Pursuing the destruction of HIV-infected cells
An oral drug used to treat an illness unrelated to HIV eradicated infectious HIV-producing cells in lab cultures while sparing uninfected cells -- and suppressed the virus in patients during treatment and for at least eight weeks after the drug was stopped, according to results of a clinical pilot trial and researchers at Rutgers University and Dartmouth College.
How viruses infect bacteria: A tale of a tail
Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria. Using state-of-the-art tools, EPFL scientists have described a million-atom 'tail' that bacteriophages use to breach bacterial surfaces.
Drug used for pain, anxiety may be linked to birth defects
A drug commonly used to treat pain, epilepsy, anxiety and other brain health disorders may be associated with an increased risk of major birth defects, according to a study published in the May 18, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
New Humboldt scholarship holder at FAU: Dr. Marylin Latour
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) has an excellent international reputation. This is reflected in the large number of renowned international researchers who choose FAU as their host university in order to work with FAU researchers as part of a scholarship or research award from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.
Heart failure patients with predominant central sleep apnea at higher risk for serious complications
Chronic heart failure patients with predominant central sleep apnea (CSA) are at higher risk for death and unplanned hospitalization than those who have both CSA and obstructive sleep apnea, whether or not they receive adaptive servo-ventilation therapy.
Staying a step ahead of cancer
Howard Hughes Medical Institute scientists have designed a potential cancer therapy that uses a unique strategy to block mTOR, a molecule that helps drive the growth of many tumors.
Pregnant mothers may shield unborn young from damage and risk their own mortality
Mammals can protect their unborn young from harmful chemicals in their blood even at the expense of their own survival odds, a study into mongooses conducted by researchers at the University of Exeter suggests.
Evidence of repeated rapid retreat of the East Antarctic ice sheet
Research published in the journal Nature on May 19, 2016 has revealed that vast regions of the Totten Glacier in East Antarctica are fundamentally unstable and have contributed significantly to rising sea levels several times in the past.
How will the next leader of WHO tackle future health emergencies?
In light of heavy criticism of the World Health Organization's handling of the Ebola outbreak, the election process for the next director general will be under intense scrutiny.
Sexual transmission involved in tail end of Ebola epidemic
Some of the final cases of Ebola in Sierra Leone were transmitted via unconventional routes, such as semen and breastmilk, according to the largest analysis to date of the tail-end of the epidemic.
Developing tropical storm triggers deadly landslides in Sri Lanka
System 91B (which turned into Cyclone 01B) has been responsible for dumping heavy rains in and around Sri Lanka and southern Indian over the past few days as it tried to organize itself in the southwestern Bay of Bengal.
Biomarker may predict endometrial cancer recurrences
New research from the lab of Martina Bazzaro, Ph.D., of the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota and Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, suggests the deubiquitinating enzyme USP14 as a promising biomarker for identifying risk of recurrence in endometrial cancer patients.
Sylvester researchers develop novel, non-toxic approach to treating variety of cancers
A team of researchers at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine recently discovered a novel, non-toxic approach to treating a wide variety of cancers.
Scientists predict extensive ice loss from huge Antarctic glacier
Current rates of climate change could trigger instability in a major Antarctic glacier, ultimately leading to more than 2m of sea-level rise.
What big eyes you have! Spider adaptation widened dietary net
The net-casting spider -- which throws a silk net over its prey -- evolved two massive secondary eyes to help it catch prey that walks, a University of Nebraska-Lincoln biologist has concluded.
Harnessing engineered slippery surfaces for tissue repair
As reported on May 18 in Scientific Reports, Joanna Aizenberg's team at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and the John A.
Heavy rainfall precedes the development of 01B in the N. Indian Ocean
NASA's AIRS instrument on the Aqua satellite captured this image of Tropical Cyclone 01B in the Northern Indian Ocean on May 18, 2016.
Digital health intervention does not lower heart attack risk
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Sonia S.
3-D-bioprinted placenta could lead to new treatments for preeclampsia
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication involving the placenta that can be serious -- even fatal -- for the mother or fetus.
New type of graphene-based transistor will increase the clock speed of processors
Scientists have developed a new type of graphene-based transistor and using modelling they have demonstrated that it has ultralow power consumption compared with other similar transistor devices.
Hard water linked to risk of eczema in infants
High levels of water hardness in the home may be linked to the development of eczema early in life, according to a new study led by King's College London.
New data on the variability of the Earth's reflectance over the last 16 years
The Earth's albedo is a fundamental atmospheric parameter having deep implications for temperature and climate change.
York U's OUCH lab pain study links children's fear of needles to parent behaviour
The researchers observed 202 parents in the Greater Toronto Area and 130 children between four and five years of age -- these children were among the 760 who were followed at the first wave at two, four, six and/or 12-month immunizations.
4th Helmholtz-Nature Medicine Diabetes Conference
For the fourth time, the 'Helmholtz-Nature Medicine Diabetes Conference' will attract numerous top international researchers to Munich.
Scientists discover the evolutionary link between protein structure and function
A new University of Illinois study demonstrates the evolution of protein structure and function over 3.8 billion years.
Robots get creative to cut through clutter
Clutter is a special challenge for robots, but new Carnegie Mellon University software is helping robots cope, whether they're beating a path across the moon or grabbing a milk jug from the back of the refrigerator.
Throwing fastballs may be linked to Tommy John surgery in MLB pitchers
Contrary to conventional wisdom, Major League Baseball pitchers who throw a high percentage of fastballs may be at increased risk for Tommy John surgery, according to research at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.
The proof is in the pudding
There is an important difference between knowing something, and being able to prove something.
Queen's researcher leads study on using selenium to aid recovery from cardiac surgery
SodiUm SeleniTe Administration IN Cardiac Surgery (SUSTAIN) study will test the effect of high-dose selenium on patient recovery, occurrence of post-surgical complications.
Forum on indefinite immigration detention to launch Refugee Tales 2016
In advance of a five-day walk from Canterbury to London to highlight the plight of refugees, asylum seekers and detainees, some of the UK's leading writers will get together with support workers, campaigners, academics, journalists and policy makers to discuss the ways in which the practice of indefinite detention can be brought to an end.
USF scientists discover Antarctic sponge extract can help kill MRSA
USF scientists have isolated an extract from a sponge found in Antarctica, known as Dendrilla membranosa, and tested it on MRSA biofilm.
Ensuring artisanal Parmigiano Reggiano cheese is the real deal
A parmesan scandal reported earlier this year highlighted how easy it is to doctor the cheese when it's grated.
Altered brain connectivity may explain cognitive impairment in pediatric leukemia survivors
The neurotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic drugs on the developing brains of young patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may impair their cognitive functioning by disrupting the formation of neural networks that connect brain regions and transfer information.
How repeated spot microdischarges damage microdevices
In microelectronics, devices made up of two electrodes separated by an insulating barrier are subject to multiple of microdischarges -- referred to as microfilaments -- at the same spot.
Syracuse University chemists add color to chemical reactions
Members of the Maye Research Group at Syracuse University have designed a nanomaterial that changes color when it interacts with ions and other small molecules during a chemical reaction.
New drug combination shows promise for resistant leukemia
Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) can look forward to the development of new therapies following the discovery by Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers of a new way to kill cells that are dangerously multiplying.
No evidence that grit improves performance, Iowa State analysis finds
There are many paths to success, but the significance of grit in helping you reach that goal has been greatly overstated, says an Iowa State University psychologist.
The IAC signs an agreement with the National Astronomical Observatories of China
Between May 9 and May 11, the director of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Rafael Rebolo, and the Deputy Director of the Gran Telescopio CANARIAS, Romano Corradi, visited the NAOC (National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy Science), in Beijing.
Fish can adapt some to warmer ocean waters, but not necessarily to extreme heat
A three-decade-old open air laboratory, where warm water from a nuclear power station is pumped into an enclosed basin in the Baltic Sea off the Swedish coast, gives researchers an unparalleled chance to study how warmer waters and higher temperature extremes affect fish.
New horned dinosaur had spikes at back of neck shield
A new horned dinosaur discovered in Utah had two spikes projecting from the back of its neck shield, according to a study published May 18, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Eric Lund from the Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, US, and colleagues.
Rhythm of 'detox' and feeding genes in fruitflies and mice coordinated by neuropeptide
A 24-hour rhythm of cellular detoxification in flies and mammals is coordinated by a neuropeptide that also drives feeding in both organisms.
Panda poop study provides insights into microbiome, reproductive troubles
A stomachache can put a real damper on your love life -- especially if you're a giant panda.
Bell Museum launches the midwest's first comprehensive online 'Biodiversity Atlas'
The Bell Museum at the University of Minnesota has launched the first web portal providing access to all of its biodiversity collections.
Genital size doesn't matter -- for fish
Big isn't always better when it comes to the size of male genitals.
Transsexual people are frequently victims of aggression and discrimination
The process of gender reassignment in transsexual individuals is complex.
Luminous proteins offer new method to discover viral infections
Researchers at Umeå University have developed a new method to directly follow viral infections in living organisms.
Colors of autism spectrum described by CanChild researchers
Children with autism have a wide range of ability to talk with other people, but it has been difficult to group children by their specific skills.
Immediate aspirin after mini-stroke substantially reduces risk of major stroke
Using aspirin urgently could substantially reduce the risk of major strokes in patients who have minor 'warning' events.
Stellar cannibalism transforms star into brown dwarf
Astronomers have detected a sub-stellar object that used to be a star, after being consumed by its white dwarf companion.
Bending hot molecules
Hot molecules are found in extreme environments such as the edges of fusion reactors.
NASA super pressure balloon begins globetrotting journey
NASA successfully launched a super pressure balloon (SPB) from Wanaka Airport, New Zealand, at 11:35 a.m.
New study finds major earthquake threat from the Riasi fault in the Himalayas
New geologic mapping in the Himalayan mountains of Kashmir between Pakistan and India suggests that the region is ripe for a major earthquake that could endanger the lives of as many as a million people.
To catch a poacher: GIS, drones can improve elephant conservation
Applying a suite of geographical information system (GIS) tools can improve monitoring for elephant poaching, according to Penn State researchers.
Research suggests new contributor to heart disease
Medical professionals have long known that the buildup of plaque in arteries can cause them to narrow and harden, potentially leading to a whole host of health problems -- including heart attack, heart disease and stroke.
Hydroxyurea improves lung function in children with sickle cell disease
For the first time, researchers were able to demonstrate that children diagnosed with sickle cell disease showed improvement in lung function after treatment with hydroxyurea, a treatment that is underused despite its demonstrated benefits.
Mechanism for herbicide resistance in Palmer amaranth identified
Waterhemp and Palmer amaranth are resistant to a class of herbicides known as PPO-inhibitors.
Personal experience adds new dimension to elder care researcher's work
Lehigh University political science professor Laura Katz Olson combined her policy expertise with her personal story in her latest book 'Elder Care Journey, A View from the Front Lines' (SUNY Press), which documents the demands and stresses of caregiving as well as the manifold indignities perpetrated by social welfare policy.
Educational debt for emergency medicine bigger than average mortgage
The average educational debt carried by emergency medicine residents is approximately 25 percent higher than the average mortgage in the United States, according to the results of a study published online last Thursday in Annals of Emergency Medicine, and has profound effects on their career and life choices ('Impact of Educational Debt on Emergency Medicine Residents: A Qualitative Study Employing Individual Interview').
We'll leave the lights on for you
Photonics advances hold major implications for the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, says UCSB physicist Philip Lubin.
Pioneer of hormone action awarded the Gregory Pincus Medal
Pierre Chambon, M.D., founder of the Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cell Biology in Strasbourg, France, and an internationally prominent biomedical researcher, was named the recipient of the Gregory Pincus Medal by UMass Medical School.
ADHD in young adulthood examined in JAMA Psychiatry studies
Two new studies and an editorial published online by JAMA Psychiatry examine attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in young adulthood.
The Lancet & The Lancet Psychiatry: One-third of global burden of mental illness occurs in China and India, experts highlight need for action
A third of the global burden of disease for mental, neurological and substance use disorders occurs in India and China -- more than in all high-income countries combined -- yet most people with mental disorders in these countries do not receive needed treatment.
How to calm an anxious mind
Anxiety disorders and related problems such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are among the most common mental health conditions.
Your friends have more friends than you do
No matter how smart and funny you think you are, those you follow on Twitter really do have a larger following than you.
Study links student loans with lower net worth, housing values after college
People who had outstanding balances on their student loans when they graduated or dropped out of college had lower net worth, fewer financial and nonfinancial assets, and homes with lower market values when they reached age 30, according to a paper by University of Illinois social work professor Min Zhan.
Astrophysicists from the IAC discover an intense wind in the neighborhood of a black hole
On June 15, 2015, V404 Cygni went into outburst after a quiescence of over 25 years.
New Berkeley Lab study tallies environmental and public health benefits of solar power
Solar power could deliver $400 billion in environmental and public health benefits throughout the United States by 2050, according to a study from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
UB research highlights strategies that can help foster children transition into new homes
Language is a powerful tool that can ease the transition into a new home for foster children and enhances the possibility that it will be a successful placement, according to new research from the University at Buffalo.
Large-scale HIV vaccine trial to launch in South Africa
An early-stage HIV vaccine clinical trial in South Africa determined that an investigational vaccine regimen is safe and generates comparable immune responses to those reported in a 2009 study.
You were right: Rotational motion is relative, too, Mr. Einstein!
It has been one hundred100 years since the publication of Einstein's general theory of relativity in May 1916.
Stellar mystery deepens
Using recent advancements in Australian telescope technology, a Monash University-led research team has made an unexpected discovery that a large group of stars are dying prematurely, challenging our accepted view of stellar evolution.
American Association of Anatomists commits $750,000 to support research funding mechanism
The American Association of Anatomists has announced a new funding mechanism to support scientific research proposals related to the anatomical sciences.

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