Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 19, 2016
Heart defect prediction technology could lead to earlier, more informed treatment
An experimental model uses genetics-guided biomechanics and patient-derived stem cells to predict what type of inherited heart defect a child will develop, according to authors of a new study in the journal Cell.

Malignancy-associated gene network regulated by an RNA binding protein
The RNA binding protein IGF2BP3 is normally active in fetal tissue and undetectable in most adult tissue.

Fruit fly brains shed light on why we get tired when we stay up too late
Studying fruit flies, whose sleep is remarkably similar to that in people, Johns Hopkins researchers say they've identified brain cells that are responsible for why delaying bedtime creates chronic sleepiness.

Full extraction
A group of scientists from the A.N. Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, the Lomonosov Moscow State University, in collaboration with their colleagues from CSIR -- Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, developed a simple and environmentally friendly method for extracting RNA from the cells of bacteria, plants and animals for detecting viruses.

Positive results from the Phase I study of plitidepsin in combination for MM
The conclusions of the study point to a response rate of 56 percent of the treated patients with 90 percent of them presenting duration of response of six months or more.

Alcohol intervention programs ineffective on fraternity members
Interventions designed to reduce alcohol use among fraternity members are no more effective than no intervention at all, according to an analysis of 25 years of research involving over 6,000 university students published by the American Psychological Association.

Sleep disorders common in athletes -- but easily fixable
Professional athletes suffer from sleep disorders more frequently than generally thought, however, systematic examination, counseling and individual treatment planning can improve the quality of their sleep.

Excessive drinkers, high income households pay majority of state alcohol tax increases
People who drink too much and those with higher household incomes would pay more following an increase in state alcohol taxes than those who drink less and have lower household incomes, according to a new study led by researchers at Boston Medical Center (BMC) and published today in the journal Preventing Chronic Disease, a publication of the CDC.

Combining radiation with immunotherapy showing promise against melanoma
Combining radiation treatments with a new generation of immunotherapies is showing promise as a one-two-punch against melanoma, Loyola Medicine researchers report in the Journal of Radiation Oncology.

Plants are 'biting' back
Calcium phosphate is a widespread biomineral in the animal kingdom: Bones and teeth largely consist of this very tough mineral substance.

Vitamin E a potential biomarker for development of brain tumors
Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden and the Cancer Registry of Norway have studied possible causes behind the development of brain tumors.

Factor preserves DNA integrity in bacteria despite assault from antibiotics
A key biochemical enables bacteria to repair otherwise fatal damage to their DNA, including that caused by antibiotics.

36,000 children already tested for early type 1 diabetes
One year after the introduction of the Bavarian pilot project Fr1da, the Institute of Diabetes Research, Helmholtz Zentrum München has published the first results in the BMJ Open journal.

Brain scans of dementia patients with coprophagia showed neurodegeneration
Coprophagia, eating one's feces, is common in animals but rarely seen in humans.

The effects of laxatives may provide new clues concerning Parkinson's disease
In a recent retrospective analysis, investigators discovered that the year-on-year increase in rigidity found in Parkinson's disease flattened off with the regular use of laxatives to manage constipation.

Trapping individual cell types in the mouse brain
A new approach for genetically identifying and manipulating mouse brain cell types.

Photon collisions: Photonic billiards might be the newest game!
When one snooker ball hits another, both spring away from each other in an elastic manner.

High levels of protein p62 predict liver cancer recurrence
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have discovered that high levels of the protein p62 in human liver samples are strongly associated with cancer recurrence and reduced patient survival.

Cosmic heavy metals help scientists trace the history of galaxies
The origin of many of the most precious elements on the periodic table, such as gold, silver and platinum, has perplexed scientists for more than six decades.

'Piggybacking' mitochondrial DNA can compromise mitochondrial replacement therapy
Mitochondrial replacement therapy shows promise for preventing the inheritance of mitochondrial DNA diseases.

Will more snow over Antarctica offset rising seas? Don't count on it
Heavier snow over Antarctica was supposed to be one of the few brakes on sea-level rise in a warming world.

Commissions that reflected on Ebola outbreak highlight overlapping conclusions in new PLOS piece
To make the world safer against future infectious disease threats, national health systems should be strengthened, the World Health Organization's emergency and outbreak response activities should be consolidated and bolstered, and research and development should be enhanced, says a new Policy Forum article that appears in the May 19 edition of PLOS Medicine.

'Sunscreen' gene may help protect against skin cancer
A new USC-led study identified a 'sunscreen' gene that may help stave off skin cancer.

Biologists find how plants reconstitute stem cells
Stem cells are typically thought to have the intrinsic ability to generate or replace specialized cells.

Confidence in Iron Dome, coupled with resilience, can reduce PTSD symptoms
Bar-Ilan University researchers have found that belief in the success of the Iron Dome air defense system, coupled with a strong sense of resilience (an inner trait that results in positive adaptation to trauma), can reduce post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.

Research behind global switch to new polio vaccine strategy released in the Lancet
A groundbreaking study shows that a single injectable dose of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) along with bivalent oral polio vaccine could protect up to 90 percent of children from polio and strengthen community protection against the disease.

Simple public health intervention may prevent chronic kidney disease
Kidney function remained unchanged among hypertensive adults in communities assigned to a public health intervention for general practitioners and community health workers, whereas kidney function significantly declined among those who received usual care.

Oldest actinopterygian from China provides new evidence for origin of ray-finned fishes
In a study published May 19 in Current Biology, Drs.

Higher survival rate for overweight colorectal cancer patients than normal-weight patients
Overweight colorectal cancer patients were 55 percent less likely to die from their cancer than normal-weight patients who have the disease, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published today in JAMA Oncology.

To operate or not to operate: A serious question with no clear answers
Two linked UCLA studies find wide variances in surgeons' decision to operate or recommend an alternative treatment option, suggesting that it depends as much on how surgeons perceive the world as it does on the patient's diagnosis.

Scavenging of inflammatory molecules improves sepsis in mice
In this issue of JCI Insight, Huan Yang of the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Ulf Andersson of the Karolinska Institutet and colleagues, report on a method to scavenge inflammatory molecules that mediate sepsis in mice.

Mouse studies hold promise for a simple treatment for an aggressive gastric tumor
Patients with aggressive neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) have limited treatment options and there are few oncologists who are specialised in this relatively rare disease.

UC San Diego joins IBM World Community Grid's search for Zika treatment
IBM's World Community Grid and scientists from Brazil, the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at University of California San Diego, and Rutgers New Jersey Medical School have launched OpenZika, a project to find drug candidates to treat Zika, a fast spreading virus that the World Health Organization has declared a global public health emergency.

Drop in childhood obesity cannot be explained by health behaviors
A 2014 study by the CDC showed a decline in the prevalence of obesity among 2- to 5-year-olds between 2003-2004 (a 13 percent child obesity rate) and 2011-2012 (a 7 percent child obesity rate); however, the study can not identify the health and demographic factors linked to the decline.

How plants conquered the land
Research at the University of Leeds has identified a key gene that assisted the transition of plants from water to the land around 500 million years ago.

Why humans (and not mice) are susceptible to Zika
Flaviviruses -- such as Zika, dengue, and yellow fever -- have emerged as human pathogens because of their ability to specifically overcome our anti-viral defenses.

Nature vs. nurture? Both are important, anthropologist argues
Evolutionary science stresses the contributions biology makes to our behavior.

Genes discovered that enable birds to produce the color red
Latest research suggests a new mechanism for how sexual displays of red beaks and plumage might be 'honest signals' of mate quality, as genes that convert yellow dietary pigments into red share cofactors with enzymes that aid detoxification -- hinting that redness is a genetic sign of the ability to better metabolize harmful substances.

Even frail, older adults could benefit from intensive blood pressure reduction
Adults with hypertension of age 75 years and older, including those who are frail and with poor overall health, could benefit from lowering their blood pressure below current medical guidelines.

Switch and stick
The chemical element gallium could be used as a new reversible adhesive that allows its adhesive effect to be switched on and off with ease.

What can help dropouts?
Certain life experiences can worsen the negative effects of dropping out of school, but some interventions and treatments can help change the odds for dropouts, a new study finds.

Prediabetes: Fatty liver, visceral obesity, production and action of insulin modulate risk
Prediabetes is associated with increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia and cancer.

Refugee children's academic outcomes similar to non-refugee peers despite learning challenges
Refugee children had similar academic success as other children if adequately supported, despite having more behavioral and emotional problems overall, a comprehensive review has found.

Atmospheric aerosols can significantly cool down climate
It is possible to significantly slow down and even temporarily stop the progression of global warming by increasing the atmospheric aerosol concentration, shows a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.

High saturated-fat, low unsaturated-fat diet in adolescence tied to higher breast density
Adolescent girls whose diet is higher in saturated fats and lower in healthier unsaturated fats have higher breast density in early adulthood, which may potentially increase their risk for breast cancer later in life, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

USC study finds blindness and visual impairment will double by 2050
Visual impairment and blindness prevalence in the US to double by 2050 according to study by USC Roski Eye Institute researchers.

Loss of inflammatory signaling molecule protects mice against diet-induced obesity
A study in this issue of JCI Insight demonstrates that mice lacking the proinflammatory signaling molecule TAK1 are protected from obesity and insulin resistance induced by a high fat diet.

UT Southwestern medical students honored by White House for hepatitis awareness efforts
A project by UT Southwestern Medical Center students is being recognized at a White House ceremony today for their outstanding commitment to increasing hepatitis awareness as part of the annual National Hepatitis Testing Day observance.

Researchers identify super-oncogenic protein that promotes development of melanoma
A study led by scientists at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute has identified a malicious form of ATF2, a protein that drives the formation of melanoma.

Your gender-stereotypic genes may be giving you a leg up in dating
Your success at speed-dating might be influenced by your genetic make-up and your potential partner's ability to detect so-called 'good genes.' This is according to a study in Springer's journal Human Nature by researchers at the University of California, Irvine, in the US.

Plant cell wall development revealed in space and time for the first time
Scientists have mapped changes in composition of plant cell walls over space and time, providing new insights into the development and growth of all plants.

Geoscience for the Public Good and Global Development: Toward a Sustainable Future
This new book from the Geological Society of America emphasizes 'geological stewardship for the good of humankind.' In the their introduction, editors Gregory Wessel and Jeffrey Greenberg write, 'The challenge of doing science for the public good is not for the faint-hearted.

Visual impairment, blindness cases in US expected to double by 2050
The number of people with visual impairment or blindness in the United States is expected to double to more than 8 million by 2050, according to projections based on the most recent census data and from studies funded by the National Eye Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Children injured in motor vehicle crashes fare better at level I pediatric trauma centers
Children and adolescents injured in motor vehicle accidents have better outcomes when treated at a stand-alone Level I pediatric trauma center than at general adult trauma centers or adult trauma centers with added Level I pediatric qualifications, according to a new study to be published in the Journal of Pediatric Surgery by researchers from Children's Minnesota.

Strategy for depleting immune cells implicated in asthma-associated inflammation
In this issue of JCI Insight, investigators led by Karin Reif of KARBio LLC and Cary Austin of Genentech Inc. identified human CRTh2 (hCRTh2), a protein expressed on several immune cell populations that are implicated in asthma, as a possible therapeutic target.

Can a healthy lifestyle prevent cancer?
A large proportion of cancer cases and deaths among U.S.

Zika hackathon fights disease with big data
On May 15, 2016, Austin, Texas, held a Zika Hackathon.

Lab cell study shows that HOXA5 protein acts as tumor suppressor in breast cancer
Many breast cancers are marked by a lack of HOXA5 protein, a gene product known to control cell differentiation and death, and lower levels of the protein correspond to poorer outcomes for patients.

Social media poses threat to people with intellectual disabilities
People with intellectual disabilities are more susceptible to exploitation and abuse, and the rise of the Internet only increases their vulnerability.

Lowering blood pressure reduces risk of heart disease in older adults
Intensive therapies to reduce high blood pressure can cut the risk of heart disease in older adults without increasing the risk for falls, according to doctors at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Survey: 71 percent of hip fracture patients not told they have osteoporosis
More than 7 in 10 older adults who suffer hip fractures aren't told they have the bone-weakening disease osteoporosis -- despite the fact that hip fractures nearly always signify the presence of this potentially debilitating condition, according to revealing new research by Northwell Health physicians.

Genes for nose shape found
Genes that drive the shape of human noses have been identified by a UCL-led study.

How birds turn red
In the bird world, the color red has special significance.

Zika virus protein could be vaccine target
A viral protein known as NS5 is a promising target for vaccines against Zika and related viruses, according NIH scientists and colleagues.

More light on cancer
The group of Russian and French researchers, with the participation of scientists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University, has succeeded to synthesize nanoparticles of ultrapure silicon, which exhibited the property of efficient photoluminescence, i.e., secondary light emission after photoexcitation.

Long-sought methane production mechanism identified
Researchers have identified the mechanism by which bacteria create methane, a potent greenhouse gas.

Healthy intestinal flora keeps the mind sharp -- with some help from the immune system
When mice are treated with strong antibiotics, a special population of immune cells, the formation of new nerve cells in the hippocampus and certain memory functions are impaired.

Growth spurts lower teenage boys' coordination
A sudden growth spurt during adolescence can lower teenage boys' coordination and affect their gait, according to research published in the open-access journal Biomedical Engineering OnLine.

ACS NSQIP® Surgical Risk Calculator has good prediction accuracy, new study finds
The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Surgical Risk Calculator accurately estimates the chance of a patient experiencing postoperative complications, and its performance can improve with recalibration of the tool according to research findings appearing online in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons in advance of print publication.

Scientists getting warmer on mimicking anti-freeze in nature
Researchers from the University of Leeds have taken an important step forward in mimicking nature's prowess at protecting cells from deep-freeze conditions.

The science of the condolence letter
Many don't know this, but some doctors write condolence letters to the bereaved families of lost patients.

Fighting the Zika virus with the power of supercomputing
A Rutgers researcher is co-principal investigator of an international project to identify potential drugs to fight the Zika virus, using the supercomputing power of IBM's World Community Grid to dramatically reduce the time it would otherwise take.

Executive powers in the nursery
A baby's cry not only commands our attention, it also rattles our executive functions -- the very neural and cognitive processes we use for making everyday decisions, according to a new University of Toronto study.

'Right to try' laws make safety and efficacy secondary to speedy access
State 'right to try' laws can give terminally ill patients early access to experimental drugs and medical devices, but they arguably make safety and efficacy secondary to speedy access, according to a new report by science policy experts at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Michael J. Fox Foundation joins Critical Path for Parkinson's Consortium
The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research, with Parkinson's UK and the Critical Path Institute, announce that MJFF has joined the Critical Path for Parkinson's Consortium.

Lower income families less likely to use online learning tools
Parents looking to help their children succeed academically can access free online educational programs, games and services to help them outside the classroom.

SBA grant establishes UTA center to help veterans with entrepreneurial skills
The University of Texas at Arlington College of Business has been awarded a two-year, $500,000 Small Business Administration grant to establish a Veterans Business Outreach Center that will offer educational, training and consulting services to veterans who are starting a business or franchise.

Scent guides hawk moths to the best-fitting flowers
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, demonstrated that hawk moths acquired the highest energy gain when they visited flowers that matched the length of their proboscis.

Enzyme pair play crucial role in maintaining balance of cellular processes
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists show that ULK1 and ULK2, two enzymes involved in autophagy, regulate the trafficking of proteins between select cellular compartments.

Dynamic dazzle distorts speed
Dazzle camouflage, as used on World War I battleships to fool U-boat commanders, has been modernised for the twenty-first century with moving patterns.

Resistance mechanism of aggressive brain tumors revealed
Brain tumors subject to therapy can become resistant to it through interactions with their tumor microenvironment rather than because of anything intrinsic about the tumor itself, a new study in mice suggests.

Laser treatment, bonding potential road to success for carbon fiber
Joining carbon fiber composites and aluminum for lightweight cars and other multi-material high-end products could become less expensive because of an ORNL method that harnesses a laser's power and precision.

Fighting cancer with the help of someone else's immune cells
A new step in cancer immunotherapy: researchers from the Netherlands Cancer Institute and University of Oslo/Oslo University Hospital show that even if one's own immune cells cannot recognize and fight their tumors, someone else's immune cells might.

Smelly socks and sweaty shirts: Why your laundry stinks, and how to stop it
Dirty laundry smells bad because of certain chemicals called volatile organic compounds, which can't always be washed out on an eco-friendly 20 C cycle, according to a new study in the Journal of Chromatography A.

Electronic device detects molecules linked to cancer, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's
A biosensor developed by researchers at the National Nanotechnology Laboratory in Campinas, Brazil, has been proven capable of detecting molecules associated with neurodegenerative diseases and some types of cancer.

Hubble takes Mars portrait near close approach
Bright, frosty polar caps, and clouds above a vivid, rust-colored landscape reveal Mars as a dynamic seasonal planet in this NASA Hubble Space Telescope view taken on May 12, 2016, when Mars was 50 million miles from Earth.

African-American parents focus on equality when teaching preschoolers about race
African-American parents and caregivers most often use messages of egalitarianism -- emphasizing equal rights, opportunities, and shared humanity across lines of ethnicity and race -- when talking with their young preschool-aged children about race, finds a study led by NYU Steinhardt.

Bio-inspired robot perches, resumes flight
Researchers have designed a flying robot that can perch on a wide range of surfaces, a new study reports.

Study finds alcohol interventions unsuccessful for fraternity and sorority members
A new study from the Miriam Hospital and the Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies found that interventions targeting fraternity or sorority members at colleges around the country were unsuccessful in reducing alcohol consumption and related problems.

Making injectable medicine safer
Bring the drugs, hold the suds. That summarizes a promising new drug-making technique designed to reduce serious allergic reactions and other side effects from anti-cancer medicine, testosterone and other drugs that are administered with a needle.

Support from family and friends important to helping prevent depression in teenagers
The importance of friendships and family support in helping prevent depression among teenagers has been highlighted in research from the University of Cambridge.

Ragon Institute study identifies unexpected mutation in commonly used research mice
A strain of inbred mice commonly used for the creation of so-called knockout animals has been found to carry a previously undetected mutation that could affect the results of immune system research studies.

Building a faster, more versatile 3-D printer with chemistry (video)
3-D printing has inspired visions of manufacturing revolutions but is currently held back by inefficiency and the underwhelming quality of available materials.

NASA's KORUS-OC campaign takes to seas
In a South Korean port, two research ships are being equipped with instruments that will measure sunlight interacting with the ocean and capture the microscopic life that ebbs and flows with the currents.

Researchers describe strategy to develop first broad-spectrum antiviral drug
By studying the rare person -- about one in a million -- who can fight off viral infections more effectively than everyone else, investigators at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have developed a strategy to help the rest of us achieve this enhanced anti-viral state.

Mouse study: Triple-therapy cocktail shrinks triple-negative breast tumors
In a new study using mice and lab-grown human cells, a scientific team led by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers show how a triple-drug cocktail can shrink triple-negative breast cancers by killing off cancer cells and halting new tumor growth.

ISSCR 2016 Meeting 22-25 June -- Media registration open
More than 3,000 stem cell researchers and clinicians from around the world will gather 22-25 June in San Francisco to share the latest developments in stem cell research and its translation into clinical applications.

Genetic engineering report findings supported by Crop, Agronomy Societies
The recent NAS report on genetically engineered crops aligns with statements from Agronomy and Crop Societies: Scientific research overwhelmingly shows GE crops are safe and pose no significant health or environmental risks.

Using static electricity, RoboBees can land and stick to surfaces
Harvard roboticists demonstrate that their flying microrobots, nicknamed the RoboBees, can now perch during flight to save energy - like bats, birds or butterflies.

How did cardinals get those bright red feathers?
Red is the color of love, for birds as for people.

A digital Rochester Cloak to fit all sizes
Using the same mathematical framework as the Rochester Cloak, researchers at the University of Rochester have been able to use flat screen displays to extend the range of angles that can be hidden from view.

Return-to-learn as important as return-to-play after concussion
Student-athletes who get a concussion often return to school within a week but still have significant problems in the classroom and cannot perform at a normal academic level, according to a new study -- suggesting the need for accommodations and return-to-learn guidelines following a concussion.

Tropical Cyclone 01B named Roanu and is strengthening
Tropical Cyclone 01B became more organized and was named Roanu early on Thursday, May 19, 2016.

Screening strategy identifies adults at risk for developing kidney disease
In the See Kidney Disease Targeted Screening program undertaken by the Kidney Foundation of Canada, 89 percent of patients who were screened reported at least one risk factor for chronic kidney disease, and of those, 19 percent had unrecognized CKD.

Shedding light on the 'dark matter' of the genome
What used to be dismissed by many as 'junk DNA' is back with a vengeance as growing data points to the importance of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) -- genome's messages that do not code for proteins -- in development and disease.

NASA's Van Allen Probes reveal long-term behavior of Earth's ring current
New findings based on a year's worth of observations from NASA's Van Allen Probes have revealed that the ring current -- an electrical current carried by energetic ions that encircles our planet -- behaves in a much different way than previously understood.

Evolution and religion: New insight into instructor attitudes in Arizona
In a first-of-its kind study, scientists from ASU School of Life Sciences have found that a majority of professors teaching biology in Arizona universities do not believe that helping students accept the theory of evolution is an instructional goal.

UB partners with University of Zimbabwe to launch $1.3 million HIV research program
To train future HIV researchers, the University at Buffalo and University of Zimbabwe have partnered to form the HIV Research Training Program, supported by a $1.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health John E.

People with ADHD don't receive enough support
The aim of the study provided by the Master of Arts (Education), Erja Sandberg, was to collect and describe the experiences of Finnish families in which the symptoms of ADHD such as attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsiveness are strongly present.

Salk researchers chart landscape of genetic and epigenetic regulation in plants
New findings yield insights into how plants get their traits.

Female members on corporate boards can lower number of mergers and acquisitions
Does female membership on corporate boards impact mergers and acquisitions?

£124,950 for global collaboration to address UK security threats
A total of £124,950 has been awarded to the University of Huddersfield from the Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats (CREST), to look into people's views, experiences and concerns if faced with the dilemma of whether to report to the authorities that someone close to them has become involved in violent extremist activity.

New research could personalize medicine for arthritis patients
Recently, a team of scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Davis, University of California, Merced and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals examined the whole-joint gene expression by RNA sequencing at one day, one, six and 12 weeks after injury.

Hormone may offer new approach to type 2 diabetes
Improvements in type 2 diabetes in patients who have had gastric bypass surgery has led researchers to uncover the role of a key hormone in the disease.

Why do animals hide their warning signals? A paradox explained
Because of sudden bright displays made by distasteful prey at the moment of being attacked, their predators quickly learn to discriminate the distasteful prey from the tasty ones even if both types of prey are dull and inconspicuous.

University of Florida and Elsevier collaborate to maximize visibility of UF research
The George A. Smathers Libraries at the University of Florida (UF) and Elsevier have embarked on a pilot project to maximize visibility, impact and dissemination of articles by UF researchers that have published in Elsevier journals.

Bright light alters metabolism
Exposure to bright light alters your metabolism, reports a new study.

New international initiative will focus on immunology research and treatments
Immunology -- and the idea that many diseases can best be addressed by boosting the body's own immune response -- is one of the hottest areas in medical research and clinical treatment.

Nine innovations to improve early brain development in the developing world -- helping kids thrive
Grand Challenges Canada, funded by the Government of Canada, and partners announce investments in nine innovations to nurture the cognitive development of children in developing countries.

An app knows if a beer has gone stale
Chemists at the Complutense University of Madrid have developed a method that allows brewers to measure the freshness of beer, using a polymer sensor that changes color upon detecting furfural, a compound that appears when this beverage ages and gives it a stale flavor.

Avoiding mixtures of different mitochondria leads to effective mitochondrial replacement
Scientists at The NYSCF Research Institute discovered an important biological phenomenon in human cells that will help scientists design safer treatments to prevent mitochondrial diseases.

The transition between the arm and the hand occurs thanks to a genetic switch
During embryonic life, the emergence of body limbs is orchestrated by a family of architect genes, which are themselves regulated by two DNA structures.

Antibiotic treatment speeds up spread of resistance in the gonorrhea superbug
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a sexually transmitted bacterium that has developed broad resistance against antibiotics.

Temple researchers successfully excise HIV DNA from animals
Using gene editing technology, researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University have, for the first time, successfully excised a segment of HIV-1 DNA -- the virus responsible for AIDS -- from the genomes of living animals.

Penn Vet research suggests a way to identify animals at risk of blood clots
With new findings from a retrospective study, a team at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine has found that a common diagnostic tool often used to identify patients at risk of bleeding may also be used to identify those predisposed to clot excessively.

Prevalence of visual impairment, blindness expected to increase in US
An aging Baby Boomer population in the US will contribute to an expected doubling of the prevalence of visual impairment and blindness in the next 35 years, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Tampering with the current in a petri dish
OIST team creates a simple and inexpensive insert that generates uniform electric field for tissue engineering and other cell studies.

TXA administered intravenously and by injection reduces blood loss after knee replacement
A new study appearing in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery found that administering tranexamic acid (TXA) both intravenously (IV) and injected at the surgical site (intra-articular administration, or IA) reduced blood loss by 37 percent, compared to IV alone, following total knee replacement (TKR).

Ancient tsunami evidence on Mars reveals life potential
The geologic shape of what were once shorelines through Mars' northern plains convinces scientists that two large meteorites -- hitting the planet millions of years apart -- triggered a pair of mega-tsunamis.

Right size + Right chemistry = Right stuff for plastics manufacturing
Findings published in the journal Science show that metal-organic frameworks can effectively remove the contaminant acetylene from ethylene, the material from which much of the world's plastic is made.

A global early warning system for infectious diseases
In the recent issue of EMBO reports, Barbara Han of the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies and John Drake of the University of Georgia Odum School of Ecology call for the creation of a global early warning system for infectious diseases.

Artificial Neural Networks guess patient's age with surprising accuracy
Deep learning methods are propagating into biomarker discovery and aging research.

ASTRO Annual Meeting to feature cutting-edge cancer research, keynotes on health care and safety
Registration opens today for the American Society for Radiation Oncology's (ASTRO) 58th Annual Meeting, which will feature a record number of abstracts, scientific and educational presentations on radiation oncology clinical trials and research and keynote addresses from former US Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius, the current chair and CEO of the Massachusetts General Physicians Organization and a top safety executive from Delta Air Lines.

What the New York Times gets wrong about PTSD
In analyzing the articles the New York Times has written about post-traumatic stress disorder over the last 35 years, Drexel's Jonathan Purtle and his team found some troubling trends in the influential paper's coverage.

NIH study confirms benefits of intensive blood pressure management among seniors aged 75 and older
NIH-supported researchers are reporting additional details about a widely-publicized study that linked a systolic blood pressure target under 120 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury) with reduced cardiovascular disease and a lower risk of death.

Profitable partnerships: Chief of Naval Research stresses global collaboration at panel
Cyber and electronic warfare, shrinking defense budgets, and critical international science and technology partnerships were some of the key concerns for seven military leaders from around the world who met this week at the Sea-Air-Space Exposition in National Harbor, Maryland.

USDA announces $3.8 million in grants and additional $7 million available for critical research to prevent childhood obesity
Six universities have been awarded nearly $4 million in funding by the US Department of Agriculture to help fight obesity and improve the health of our nation's children, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced today.

Mouse study finds link between gut bacteria and neurogenesis
Antibiotics strong enough to kill off gut bacteria can also stop the growth of new brain cells in the hippocampus, a section of the brain associated with memory, reports a study in mice published May 19 in Cell Reports.

Electricity and economics
A nation's electricity consumption has been seen as a useful proxy for measuring economic growth offering a useful alternative to conventional measures such as gross domestic product (GDP) by incorporating the assumption that greater consumption means a better quality of life.

Firearm ownership closely tied to suicide rates, BU study finds
States with higher estimated levels of gun ownership had higher incidents of gun-related suicides, with firearm ownership alone explaining 71 percent of the variation in state-level gun suicide rates for males and 49 percent for females, a new study by Boston University School of Public Health researchers shows.

Scientists create 'rewritable magnetic charge ice'
Scientists have developed a new material, called 'rewritable magnetic charge ice,' that permits an unprecedented degree of control over local magnetic fields and could pave the way for new computing technologies.

Same gene links blood sugar problems in Down syndrome and Type 2 diabetes
Problems with insulin secretion experienced by people with Type 2 diabetes, parallel similar problems with insulin-secreting beta cells in many individuals with Down syndrome.

Close-up of the Red Planet
During May 2016 the Earth and Mars get closer to each other than at any time in the last ten years.

How is rattlesnake venom like fine wine? Both have regional varieties
If you're a rattlesnake, you want to bring the right weapon to a squirrel fight.

Rice University scientists identify 'smoking gun' in metastasis of hybrid cells
A new study at Rice University models how cancer hijacks a common cell-signaling network to form hybrid cells that communicate with each other and metastasize in groups.

Lyncean Technologies Inc. receives export achievement award at Hannover Messe, Germany
Lyncean Technologies Inc. announced today that they recently received an Export Achievement Award from the United States Department Commerce's US and Foreign Commercial Service, for its recent success in exporting a Lyncean Compact Light Source to the Technical University of Munich.

Intake of dietary fat in adolescence associated with breast density
Consuming high amounts of saturated fat or low amounts of mono- and polyunsaturated fats as an adolescent was associated with higher breast density in young adulthood.

Bereaved parents should be given full details about how to reduce sudden infant death syndrome risk
A new study indicates that health professionals should tell bereaved parents about what they could have done to reduce the risk of the sudden death of their baby.

Identification of a chemotherapy resistance factor in breast cancer patients
In this issue of JCI Insight, a research team led by Mercedes Rincon at the University of Vermont identified low expression of methylation-controlled J protein (MCJ) as a marker of poor response to chemotherapy.

ORNL demonstrates large-scale technique to produce quantum dots
ORNL demonstrates a method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications.

Special issue: Urban Planet
This special issue of Science, 'Urban Planet,' includes two Reviews, six Perspectives, and a series of new stories that feature the wide range of challenges from and impacts of an increasingly urbanized world.

Challenges, opportunities ahead in advancing the understanding and treatment of schizophrenia
While considerable advances have been made in understanding the biology and treatment of schizophrenia, patients and physicians continue to face tough challenges, says the 2015-16 winner of the University of Pennsylvania Edward A.

Mechanism that reduces effect of cocaine on brain discovered
A type of brain cell known as microglia plays a key role in reducing the effects of cocaine in the brain, according to a major study by a team from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) in Montreal.

A slick way to test artificial knees and hips
A new study suggests that natural proteins can be used to effectively test new replacement hip and knee joints in the laboratory.

Computer app whets children's appetites for eco-friendly meals
Food for Thought, a new educational software application under development by Emma Mercier at the University of Illinois, is introducing middle school students to the topic of climate change and showing them how their dietary choices affect the planet.

NASA mini-balloon mission maps migratory magnetic boundary
During the Antarctic summer of 2013-2014, a team of researchers released a series of translucent scientific balloons, one by one.

Appeal of 'genetic puzzles' leads to National Medal of Science for UW's Mary-Claire King
In a White House ceremony May 19, President Barack Obama presented the National Medal of Science to Mary-Claire King, University of Washington professor of genome sciences and medicine. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to