Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 24, 2016
Researchers identify genes linked to the effects of mood and stress on longevity
The visible impacts of depression and stress that can be seen in a person's face -- and contribute to shorter lives -- can also be found in alterations in genetic activity, according to newly published research.

Matthew Hill, from University of Calgary is the 2016 CAN Young Investigator awardee
The Canadian Association for Neuroscience is proud to announce that Matthew Hill, from the Hotchkiss Brain Institute at the University of Calgary, will be awarded the 2016 CAN Young Investigator Award at the upcoming 10th Annual Canadian Neuroscience Meeting.

NSF grant will help decipher cells' electric properties
A Michigan State University researcher will use a National Science Foundation grant to decipher the secrets of electric organs in fish and apply the insights to human electrically excitable tissue.

Organizational innovations to accelerate technology transfer & translational research do they work?
Innovations in life sciences, engineering, and technology have enabled new products in numerous sectors such as innovative diagnostics, treatments for human and animal health, medical devices, advances in communication, e-learning, aviation, and 3-D printing.

Putting the brakes on cell's 'engine' could give flu and other vaccines a boost
Altering MCJ -- a relatively unknown molecule that regulates metabolism in virus-attacking T cells -- can result in a boost to the immune system's response to the flu, according to a new study by University of Vermont scientists.

Cell Labelling via Photobleaching: A precious ally for scientific research
A multidisciplinary team of researchers gives birth to a unique method that enables instant, specific labeling of individual cells, Cell Labelling via Photobleaching (CLaP).

Recent progress in tracking the viability of transplanted stem cells in vivo
The viability of the transplanted stem cells is particularly crucial in determining the success of stem cell-based regenerative medicine.

Hubble finds clues to the birth of supermassive black holes
Astrophysicists have taken a major step forward in understanding how supermassive black holes formed.

Chemo, radiation, surgery combo boosts survival for pancreatic cancer patients
In roughly one-third of pancreatic cancer patients, tumors have grown around the pancreas to encompass critical blood vessels.

Zika conspiracy theories on social media putting vulnerable people at risk
Conspiracy theories and pseudoscientific claims refuting the facts around Zika virus vaccines could be putting vulnerable people at risk, according to a new study published in Vaccine.

APLCC 2016 calls on Asian-Pacific governments to help reduce lung cancer deaths
The biennial Asia Pacific Lung Cancer Conference was successfully organized in Chiang Mai, Thailand, by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, and others.

Harnessing nature's vast array of venoms for drug discovery
A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has invented a method for rapidly identifying venoms that strike a specific target in the body -- and optimizing such venoms for therapeutic use.

We need the full picture to plan for climate change impacts
How can society plan for the future if we only look at individual issues in isolation?

Footprints of baby planets in a gas disk
A new analysis of the ALMA data for a young star HL Tauri provides yet more firm evidence of baby planets around the star.

Nonprofit exec turnover more turbulent than previously thought
New research finds that turnover among executive leaders at nonprofit organizations is often plagued by problems - with very few transitional periods mirroring the scenarios painted in the professional literature.

Study finds childhood fitness reduces long-term cardiovascular risks of childhood obesity
Aerobic exercise might be a potentially effective tool to reduce the long-term health risks of childhood obesity.

Closing in on the elusive rotational-vibrational CH5+ spectra
To identify molecules on Earth or in outer space, scientists typically record the spectrum of light absorbed -- each molecule has its own unique spectrum.

Higher salt intake may increase risk of CVD among patients with chronic kidney disease
In a study appearing in the May 24/31 issue of JAMA, Jiang He, M.D., Ph.D., of the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, and colleagues evaluated more than 3,500 participants with chronic kidney disease, examining the association between urinary sodium excretion and clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) events.

A warning system for tsunamis
Scientists at the Australian National University have developed the Time Reverse Imaging Method to take real-time data from the ocean sensors and use that information to recreate what the tsunami looked like when it was born.

Gaps in vaccine coverage highlighted with new report and online tool
As the 69th World Health Assembly discusses progress on the Global Vaccine Action Plan, a new data visualization platform, the Vaccine Information Epidemiology Window (VIEW-hub) from the International Vaccine Access Center at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, identifies shortfalls in vaccine introduction and coverage.

Study into whether Chinese herbal medicine could be alternative treatment to antibiotics
Researchers at the University of Southampton are to study the use of Chinese Herbal Medicines in treating recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs), in the first clinical trial of its kind in the UK.

Wildfire -- it's not spreading like wildfire
A new analysis of global data related to wildfire reveals major misconceptions about wildfire and its social and economic impacts.

Study documents African monkeys eating bats
Primates and bats may interact directly, but their behavioral and predator-prey interactions are poorly documented, and detailed reports of their interactions have been rare, until now.

Abundance inequality in freshwater communities has an ecological origin
UTA biologist Sophia Passy has shown that freshwater communities experienced significantly lower disparity between common and rare species in favorable, low-stress environments.

DIY sampling kits accessed through gay men's social media unearth new HIV cases
Offering DIY sampling kits for HIV using online dating apps and social media targeting gay men, successfully unearths previously undiagnosed cases of the infection, reveals an evaluation of the first large-scale dedicated service in the UK, published online in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Prohibition 2016: Assessing the UK's Psychoactive Substances Act
With the UK's Psychoactive Substances Act poised to come into force, experts ask whether a blanket prohibition of NPS is feasible.

BSSA Editor-in-Chief Diane Doser honored with SSA Distinguished Service Award
For her two decades of outstanding dedication and leadership of the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, the Seismological Society of America will present Diane I.

New Joint European Cardiovascular Prevention Guidelines launched today
New Joint European Cardiovascular Prevention Guidelines are launched today. Population approaches are emphasised for the first time.

Diamonds closer to becoming ideal semiconductors
The thirst for electronics is unlikely to cease and almost every appliance or device requires a suite of electronics that transfer, convert and control power.

New study surveys genetic changes linked with Parkinson's disease
In new research, Travis Dunckley, Ph.D., a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, examines genetic modifications associated with the development of PD and PD-associated dementia, bringing new investigative tools to bear.

Researchers find higher than expected carbon emissions from inland waterways
Washington State University researchers have found that greenhouse-gas emissions from lakes and inland waterways may be as much as 45 percent greater than previously thought.

SR Scales introduces new stand-on scale for improved patient safety
SR Instruments, a leading manufacturer of purpose-built scales for hospitals, medical facilities, and long-term care centers today announced the addition of a new stand-on scale, the SR585i, to its SR Scales product line.

Can't resist temptation? That may not be a bad thing
Researchers from the University of Rochester suggest that children raised in poverty may have been mistakenly labeled as 'maladapted' for what appears to be a lack of self-control.

Family size and education levels: The right support could reverse long-held theory
More kids in your family. Less education. This pattern isn't new, but a team of researchers led by BYU sociology professor Ben Gibbs studied why that educational dip occurs and found that there are exceptions to the trend.

More than half of EU citizens questioned now think e-cigarettes are harmful
More than half of Europeans now think that e-cigarettes are harmful -- a proportion that has nearly doubled in two years -- show the latest results of a European Union-wide survey, published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

Diego Melgar Moctezuma honored with Charles F. Richter Early Career Award
Early in his career, seismologist Diego Melgar Moctezuma has already made significant research contributions in the areas of earthquake rupture and early warning, tsunami modeling, and community outreach regarding earthquakes and geosciences.

Obesity rising in least walkable Ontario neighborhoods
Obesity rates in Southern Ontario cities have remained stable for more than a decade in highly walkable neighborhoods but continued to rise in less walkable ones.

Sequencing analysis identifies genomic alterations in colorectal precancers
Whole-exome sequencing of both colorectal adenomas (precancers often called polyps) and intestinal mucosa at risk for developing into adenomas from patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) has generated a comprehensive picture of the genomic alterations that characterize the evolution of normal mucosa to precancer.

Alcohol exposure during adolescence leads to chronic stress vulnerability
Drinking during early to mid-adolescence can lead to vulnerability to chronic stress, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

UW experts develop method for including migration uncertainty in population projections
University of Washington statisticians have developed what is believed to be the first model for factoring in the uncertainties of migration in population projections.

Optics breakthrough to revamp night vision
A breakthrough spearheaded by the University of Sydney could make infra-red technology easy-to-use and cheap, potentially saving millions of dollars in defence and other areas using sensing devices for night vision, and boosting applications to a host of new areas, including agriculture.

Osaka University and Chugai tie up for further advancement of immunology research
Osaka University and Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. signed an agreement between the Osaka University Immunology Frontier Research Center and Chugai for collaboration to advance immunology research leading to the discovery of innovative novel drugs.

Poverty marks a gene, predicting depression
A long line of research links poverty and depression. Now a study by Duke University scientists unveils some of the biology of depression in high-risk adolescents whose families are socioeconomically disadvantaged.

Does discrimination contribute to lower rates of flu vaccination in racial/ethnic minorities?
Yearly flu shots are strongly recommended for adults with certain chronic illnesses, but patients of racial/ethnic minority groups are less likely to receive them.

Clinical trial demonstrates success of low FODMAP diet
A first of its kind US trial shows diet changes helped those with a hard-to-treat gut disorder overcome symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

Light can 'heal' defects in new solar cell materials
Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere say they have made significant inroads toward understanding a process for improving perovskites' performance, by modifying the material using intense light.

PET imaging with special tracer can detect and diagnose early Alzheimer's disease
Recognizing that the use of biomarkers has led to advances in the detection of Alzheimer's disease, Ann D.

Global spread of CRE: A threat for patients and healthcare systems
The global rise of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is alarming and represents an increasing threat to healthcare delivery and patient safety.

Why vocal fry?
Researchers are studying the lowest vocal register used by chorus singers to better understand the emotional properties of music.

Smoking during pregnancy associated with increased risk of schizophrenia in offspring
Researchers report an association between smoking during pregnancy and increased risk for schizophrenia in children.

MD Anderson study uncovers early genetic changes in premalignant colorectal tissue
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered mutations that may fuel early cancer growth in precancerous colorectal tissue from high-risk patients.

Worcester Polytechnic Institute team awarded patent for reprograming skin cells
Cell therapies for a range of serious conditions will be accelerated by research at Worcester Polytechnic Institute that yielded a newly patented method of converting cells into engines of wound healing and tissue regeneration.

Gigantic ultrafast spin currents
Scientists from TU Wien (Vienna) are proposing a new method for creating extremely strong spin currents.

Rutgers scientists help create world's largest coral gene database
An international team of scientists led by Rutgers University faculty has conducted the world's most comprehensive analysis of coral genes, focusing on how their evolution has allowed corals to interact with and adapt to the environment.

How much can a mode-2 wave move?
For the first time, two mathematicians at Canada's University of Waterloo have created a 3-D simulation of the mass transport capabilities of mode-2 waves.

Once-a-week text messages to Kenyan women greatly improved likelihood of getting HIV test: Study
Researchers sent once-a-week texts about HIV, contraceptives, sexually transmitted disease and pregnancy to 300 female college students in rural Kenya.

Novel immunotherapy trial for lymphoma offers hope to patients at Sylvester
Researchers at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine are testing a novel cellular immunotherapy approach to treating patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who have failed standard therapy.

New water-quality data on impact of corn, soybeans on nitrate in Iowa streams
As Iowa farmers have planted more acres of corn to meet the demand driven by the corn-based ethanol industry, many models predicted that nitrate concentrations in Iowa streams would increase accordingly.

Acupuncture used in clinical settings reduced symptoms of menopause
Acupuncture treatments can reduce the number of hot flashes and night sweats associated with menopause by as much as 36 percent, according to researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Sugar substitutes may cut calories, but no health benefits for individuals with obesity: York U
For the study, data from 2,856 US adults from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey was used.

Great apes communicate cooperatively
Gestural communication in bonobos and chimpanzees shows turn-taking and clearly distinguishable communication styles.

Money back guarantees for non-reproducible results?
There are better solutions to the 'reproducibility crisis' in research, according to an editorial published today.

NASA scientist suggests possible link between primordial black holes and dark matter
An intriguing alternative view is that dark matter is made of black holes formed during the first second of our universe's existence, known as primordial black holes.

Low to moderate risk of locally transmitted cases of Zika in parts of Europe
ECDC has updated its rapid risk assessment on the Zika epidemic that continues to evolve in the Americas and the Caribbean.

Targeted treatment for liver cancer under way
Researchers at the University of Eastern Finland and Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen have discovered a new molecular mechanism that can be used to inhibit the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma, which is the most common liver cancer.

American University's Tax Center reveals filing loophole for sharing economy entrepreneurs
An American University researcher found peer-to-peer economy entrepreneurs under-report taxable income due to IRS filing loophole.

Europeans have shaped what we think of as 'quintessentially English'
University of Leicester Art Historian comments on the immigrant impact on art.

Study shows which new moms post the most on Facebook
A study shows which psychological characteristics of some new mothers may affect how they use Facebook to show off their baby.

Single-step hydrogen peroxide production could be cleaner, more efficient
Chemical and biological engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have uncovered new insight into how the compound hydrogen peroxide decomposes.

Closing the evidence gap on public attitudes toward genetic data handling
The Global Alliance for Genomics and Health (GA4GH) and the Wellcome Genome Campus have launched a new project to explore global public attitudes and beliefs around the sharing of genetic information.

A 100-million-year partnership on the brink of extinction
A symbiotic relationship that has existed since the time of the dinosaurs is at risk of ending, as habitat loss and environmental change mean that a species of Australian crayfish and the tiny worms that depend on them are both at serious risk of extinction.

Early armored dino from Texas lacked cousin's club-tail weapon, but had a nose for danger
First-ever CT scans of the early armored dinosaur Pawpawsaurus campbelli reveal that although the Texas dino lacked its cousin's club-tail it had a sharp nose for danger.

Research points to possible new prevention strategies for ovarian cancer
The discovery of early changes in the cells of the Fallopian tubes of women carrying the BRCA genetic mutation could open the way for new preventative strategies for ovarian cancer, reducing the need for invasive surgery, according to research published today in science journal Nature Communications.

Exercise, future anticancer therapy?
First international clinical trial evaluating the effect of intense physical exercise to improve survival of men with advanced prostate cancer.

Rates of obesity, diabetes lower in neighborhoods that are more walkable
Urban neighborhoods in Ontario, Canada, that were characterized by more walkable design were associated with decreased prevalence of overweight and obesity and decreased incidence of diabetes between 2001 and 2012, according to a study appearing in the May 24/31 issue of JAMA.

Johns Hopkins Bioethics Institute to study the futures of food systems, ethical labeling
Scholars at the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics will continue their innovative work on one of humanity's oldest and most complex problems -- how to ethically ensure enough nutritious food for the world's population -- with a grant of more than $3 million from the Stavros Niarchos Foundation.

Physician anesthesiologists oppose VA rule replacing physicians with nurses in anesthesia
The American Society of Anesthesiologists urges Americans to protect our nation's Veterans by opposing a US Department of Veterans Affairs proposed policy that removes physician anesthesiologists from surgery and replaces them with nurses, lowering the standard of care and jeopardizing Veterans' lives.

High-speed camera captures amazing lightning flash
Scientists at Florida Tech have captured stunning footage of a lighting flash at 7,000 frames per second.

As more states legalize marijuana, adolescents' problems with pot decline
A survey of more than 216,000 adolescents from all 50 states indicates the number of teens with marijuana-related problems is declining.

E-cigarette use in UK almost doubled in 2 years, says Europe-wide study
The research, from scientists at Imperial College London, examined e-cigarette use -- and attitudes to the devices -- across Europe between 2012 and 2014.

Canadian military personnel more likely than civilians to think about suicide but also to seek help
Canadian military personnel have higher rates of suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts, but they are also more likely to access mental health support than civilians, found new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Vitamin A may help improve pancreatic cancer chemotherapy
The addition of high doses of a form of vitamin A could help make chemotherapy more successful in treating pancreatic cancer, according to an early study by Queen Mary University of London.

Seismologist Michael E. Wysession honored for contributions to geosciences education
For his exceptional leadership in geosciences education and his devotion to public understanding of earthquakes and their impact on society, the Seismological Society of America will present Michael E.

Human trials of cancer drug PAC-1 continue with new investment
Clinical trials of the anti-cancer agent PAC-1 are continuing to expand, thanks to a $7 million angel investment from an anonymous contributor who originally invested $4 million to help get the compound this far in the drug-approval pipeline.

Study shows how air pollution fosters heart disease
A major, decade-long study of thousands of Americans found that people living in areas with more outdoor pollution -- even at lower levels common in the United States -- accumulate deposits in the arteries that supply the heart faster than do people living in less polluted areas.

Searching for Spanish reformer José de Gálvez -- minister, mastermind, madman
María Bárbara Zepeda Cortés will spend 10 months searching 'The Gálvez Papers' for Spanish reformer José de Gálvez.

Lev P. Vinnik wins top honor in seismology
Seismological Society of America will present its highest honor, the 2016 Harry Fielding Reid Medal, to Lev P.

1 in 4 patients develop heart failure within 4 years of first heart attack
One in four patients develop heart failure within four years of a first heart attack, according to a study in nearly 25,000 patients presented today at Heart Failure 2016 and the 3rd World Congress on Acute Heart Failure by Dr.

Tiny wasp sniffs out, picks up 'good vibrations' to battle ash borer
Thanks in part to research from the University of Delaware and the USDA Agricultural Research Service, a host-specific parasitic wasp so new and obscure that it doesn't even have a common name -- known only by its scientific name Spathius galinae -- has been approved for release to help control the emerald ash borer.

Coral bleaching 'lifeboat' could be just beneath the surface
A report commissioned by the United Nations offers a glimmer of hope to those managing the impact of bleaching on the world's coral reefs, including the Great Barrier Reef.

New tabletop instrument tests electron mobility for next-generation electronics
Now researchers from the United Kingdom, in collaboration with industry partners from Germany, have built a tabletop instrument that can perform measurements that were only previously possible at large national magnet labs.

More than a myth: Drink spiking happens
Google the term 'spiked drink,' and you'll get more than 11 million hits, directing you to pages that describe being slipped a mickey, tips on how to avoid becoming a victim and even kits to test drinks for illicit drugs.

Study shows how bacteria evolve in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients
The bacterium Burkholderia multivorans evolves and adapts in bursts to survive in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients, according to a study published this week in mSystems, an open access journal from the American Society for Microbiology.

Do dressings prevent infection?
There is insufficient evidence to know whether dressings reduce the risk of wound infection after surgery and, in some cases, leaving a wound exposed may be better, say researchers in The BMJ today.

Grill with caution: Wire bristles from barbecue brushes can cause serious injuries
While many people view Memorial Day weekend as the unofficial start of the summer grilling season, they may not be aware of the dangers of eating food cooked on grills cleaned with wire-bristle brushes.

Elsevier announces the launch of journal: Clinical Neurophysiology Practice
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of Clinical Neurophysiology Practice, an open-access journal that focuses on clinical practice issues in clinical neurophysiology.

Can telehealth fill gap in autism services?
Parents struggling to find and afford therapy for their child with autism may eventually be able to provide that therapy themselves with the help of telehealth training.

Air pollution exposure may raise heart disease risk
Exposure to air pollution can worsen blood sugar levels, cholesterol and other risk factors for heart disease, particularly in people with diabetes, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Health academics back EU remain campaign
A group of leading academics from the School of Public Health at Imperial College London says the UK must remain in the EU in order to protect the health of UK residents.

Argonne National Laboratory program to provide opportunity to launch ventures
To meet this challenge, the US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Argonne National Laboratory announced today a new innovation accelerator program for science and energy entrepreneurs called Chain Reaction Innovations.

Innovations in neuroimaging lead to important medical applications to aid clinicians
This issue of Technology and Innovation covers the evolution of neuroimaging, including work on the suppression of CSF contamination effects; the use of DTI to examine fiber bundle length; the backgrounds, methodologies, and applications of diffusion imaging fibers; the effects of neuromodulation using MRI; the use of Pittsburgh Compound B for PET imaging; and the relevance and clinical applications of perivascular flow dynamics.

Science instruments of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope successfully installed
With surgical precision, two dozen engineers and technicians successfully installed the package of science instruments of the James Webb Space Telescope into the telescope structure.

Lipid testing underutilized in adults taking antipsychotic medications
Too few adults taking antipsychotic medications are being screened for abnormalities in lipids, which include cholesterol and triglycerides, new research from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus finds.

Making polystyrene dissolve like magic (video)
Have you ever seen a foam cup appear to melt away in acetone?

People power crucial for low-carbon future, new research shows
Policy makers must harness the power of ordinary people if society is to transition to a low-carbon energy future, argues a leading technology historian.

Getting the most out of natural gas
ETH scientists have discovered a new catalyst that allows the easy conversion of natural gas constituents into precursors for the production of fuels or complex chemicals, such as polymers or pharmaceuticals.

Urine tests not reliable for dehydration in older adults
Urine tests should not be used to measure dehydration among the elderly.

Low hormone levels linked to obesity in teens
Obese teenagers already show signs of hormonal differences from normal-weight peers that may make them prone to weight gain, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blockade of histamine receptors suppresses intestinal anaphylaxis in peanut allergy
Simultaneous pre-treatment with antihistamines that block both the H1 and H4 antihistamine receptors suppressed the gastrointestinal symptoms of food allergy in mice, according to researchers at National Jewish Health.

Swallowable, gas-filled balloons aid fight against obesity
People with obesity who are struggling to control their weight might soon have a new treatment option -- swallowing gas-filled balloons that help them eat less, according to research presented at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2016.

US prison camps demonstrate the fragile nature of rights, says author
The US has been a leading voice for human rights.

Revealing the nature of magnetic interactions in manganese oxide
A mathematical approach for studying local magnetic interactions has helped scientists understand the magnetic properties of a material with long-range magnetic order.

Study of fungi-insect relationships may lead to new evolutionary discoveries
Zombie ants are only one of the fungi-insect relationships studied by a team of Penn State biologists in a newly compiled database of insect fungi interactions.

High performance golf club comes with annoying sound
In 2007, a new golf club hit the market. The distribution of mass in the club head made it less likely to twist, making an off-center hit less likely, but it had a drawback: a loud noise when it struck the ball, piercing through a tranquility golf course.

New tools to manipulate biology
Chemistry has provided many key tools and techniques to the biological community in the last twenty years.

Crowdsourcing contest using data from people, dogs advances epileptic seizure forecasting
It might sound like a riddle: What do you get when you combine one online contest, two patients, five dogs and 654 data scientists?

OU astrophysicists detect most luminous diffuse gamma-ray emission from Arp 220
An OU team has detected for the first time the most luminous gamma-ray emission from the merging galaxy Arp 220 -- the nearest ultraluminous infrared galaxy to Earth reveals the hidden extreme energetic processes in galaxies.

Colorectal cancer rate rising among younger people
A new study shows the rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) continues to increase in individuals under 50 years old, despite the fact that the overall rate of the disease has been declining in recent years.

Living near a landfill could damage your health
According to research published today in the International Journal of Epidemiology, health is at risk for those who live within five kilometres of a landfill site.

Barium leaches directly from fracked rocks, Dartmouth team finds
Dartmouth College researchers are shedding light on the early chemical reactions in the organic sediments that would ultimately become the Marcellus Shale, a major source of natural gas and petroleum.

May repairs full of mistakes develop into cancer?
A group of researchers at Osaka University found that if DNA damage response does not work when DNA is damaged by radiation, proteins which should be removed remain instead, and a loss of genetic information can be incited, which, when repaired incorrectly, will lead to the tumor formation.

Top international award for UNSW Australia quantum computing chief
For her world-leading research in the fabrication of atomic-scale devices for quantum computing, UNSW Australia's Michelle Simmons has been awarded a prestigious Foresight Institute Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology.

Latest sleep research to be presented June 11-15 at APSS annual meeting in Denver
Sleep clinicians and scientists from around the world will discuss current practices in sleep medicine and the latest findings in sleep and circadian research at SLEEP 2016, the 30th anniversary meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC, which will be held June 11-15 at the Colorado Convention Center in Denver.

Internet addiction and school burnout feed into each other
Excessive internet use contributes to the development of school burnout.

Lessons today's banks should take from Great Depression Chicago
New research from the University of Warwick serves as a warning to banks not to over invest in mortgages.

New way of growing blood vessels could boost regenerative medicine
Growing tissues and organs in the lab for transplantation into patients could become easier after scientists discovered an effective way to produce three-dimensional networks of blood vessels, vital for tissue survival yet a current stumbling block in regenerative medicine.

On target: University of Oklahoma researchers aim for Zika vaccine
With new NIH funding, researchers at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center hunt for targets that will betray Zika virus to the human immune system, paving the way for a new vaccine to defeat the virus.

Deep learning enters the beauty industry
Insilico Medicine will present their results in applying deep learning to biomarker development and cosmetics applications at the INNOCOS World Beauty Innovation Summit in Vienna June 9-10.

Survey reveals few GPs use alternatives to face-to-face consultations
Despite policy pressure on GPs to offer consultations by email or internet video programs such as Skype, few GPs do and most have no plans to introduce them in future, according to a new study.

'Suggestive evidence' for link between air pollution and heightened stillbirth risk
There is 'suggestive evidence' for a link between air pollution and a heightened risk of stillbirth, indicates a summary of the available data, published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Babies fed directly from breast may be at less risk for ear infections
Feeding at the breast may be healthier than feeding pumped milk from a bottle for reducing the risk of ear infection, and feeding breast milk compared with formula may reduce the risk of diarrhea, according to a recent study.

Mucus may play vital role in dolphin echolocation
A dolphin chasing a tasty fish will produce a stream of rapid-fire echolocation clicks that help it track the speed, direction and distance to its prey.

Clue for efficient usage of low-cost nickel catalysts
A group of researchers at Osaka University developed a method of the consecutive formation of bonds of two butadiene, alkyl groups, and benzene rings by using a cheap nickel catalyst.

Silencing cholera's social media
Bacteria use a form of 'social media' communication, quorum sensing, to monitor how many of their species are in the neighborhood.

Antidepressants commonly and increasingly prescribed for nondepressive indications
In a study appearing in the May 24/31 issue of JAMA, Jenna Wong, M.Sc., of McGill University, Montreal, Canada, and colleagues analyzed treatment indications for antidepressants and assessed trends in antidepressant prescribing for depression.

Depression lowers women's chances of pregnancy, BU study finds
Women with severe depressive symptoms have a decreased chance of becoming pregnant, while the use of psychotropic medications does not appear to harm fertility, a study by researchers from the Boston University Schools of Public Health and Medicine shows.

Scientists discover methane-producing microbes in California rocks
Scientists report that they have found evidence of hardy, methane-producing microbes in water that surfaces from deep underground at The Cedars, a set of freshwater springs in Sonoma County.

Money really does matter in relationships
Our romantic choices are not just based on feelings and emotions, but how rich we feel compared to others, a new study published in Frontiers in Psychology has found. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to