Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 25, 2016
Canada announces major contribution for Stop TB Partnership's TB REACH initiative
The Government of Canada today announced a renewed investment of CA$ 85 million for the Stop TB Partnership's TB REACH initiative over the next five years.

Carnegie Mellon transparency reports make AI decision-making accountable
Machine-learning algorithms increasingly make decisions about credit, medical diagnoses, personalized recommendations, advertising and job opportunities, among other things, but exactly how usually remains a mystery.

Parents' discrimination experiences linked to lower well-being among Mexican-American teens
A new study of Mexican-American teens in Los Angeles has found that the teens' psychological well-being suffers when their parents face ethnic discrimination.

Why fruit fly sperm are giant
The fruit fly Drosophila bifurca is only a few millimeters in size but produces almost six centimeters long sperm.

Full-incision facelift superior to short-scar in neck region, study in multiples shows
Facelift patients who wish to avoid the dreaded 'turkey wattle' neckline years later should undergo a full-incision surgical technique instead of a short-scar method, according to novel new research by a Northwell Health physician who performed the procedure on identical twins and triplets.

Dialing up chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer with ultrasound
Researchers at Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen, Norway have combined a laboratory ultrasound technique called 'sonoporation' with the commercially-available chemotherapy compound Gemcitabine to increase the porosity of pancreatic cells with microbubbles and to help get the drug into cancer cells where it is needed.

Women in southern Germany Corded Ware culture may have been highly mobile
Women in Corded Ware culture may have been highly mobile and may have married outside their social group, according to a study published May 25, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Karl-Göran Sjögren from Göteborg University, Sweden, and colleagues.

Canadian study shows effectiveness of hospital-initiated smoking cessation programs
A new study from the University of Ottawa Heart Institute, in collaboration with the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, has established that greater adoption of hospital-initiated tobacco cessation interventions improve patient outcomes and decrease further healthcare utilization.

Prenatal fruit consumption boosts babies' cognitive development
A new study from the University of Alberta shows the benefits of eating fruit can begin as early as in the womb.

Wayne State aims to improve imaging and chemical sensing of disease biomarkers
With the help of a $341,694 grant from the National Science Foundation, 'Establishing the Crystallochemical Principles Governing Energy-Transfer Processes in Upconversion Nanocrystals,' a Wayne State University researcher aims to improve upconversion nanocrystals' composition and atomic structure to expand the library of bright and multicolor upconverters, while also generating fundamental understanding of light-matter interactions at the nanoscale.

Scientists capture the elusive structure of essential digestive enzyme
Researchers at Princeton have revealed new structural data that has eluded scientists for years on a liver enzyme that is critical for human health.

Brit accents vex US hearing-impaired elderly
Older Americans with some hearing loss shouldn't feel alone if they have trouble understanding British TV sagas like 'Downton Abbey.' A small study from the University of Utah suggests hearing-impaired senior citizens have more trouble than young people comprehending British accents when there is background noise.

Award-winning academic research search engine metaBUS launches in June
A trailblazing online search engine that will save researchers years of time while conducting meta-analysis will be unveiled next week at the University of Calgary.

Could optical clocks redefine the length of a second?
GPS-based navigation, communication systems, electrical power grids and financial networks all rely on the precise time kept by a network of around 500 atomic clocks located around the world.

Dose of transplanted blood-forming stem cells affects their behavior
Unlike aspirin, bone marrow doesn't come with a neatly printed label with dosage instructions.

American Society of Plant Biologists 2016 summer undergraduate research fellows (SURF)
The ASPB SURF program funds undergraduate students to conduct 10 weeks of mentored plant biology research early in their college career.

Exploring gender perception via speech
Snap judgments of speakers' femininity or masculinity are based on acoustic information from the speakers' voices, but some vocal qualities deemed 'feminine' can overlap with acoustic cues for 'clear speech,' which is a set of changes speakers make when they suspect their listener is having difficulty hearing.

What are the timing and risk factors for suicide attempts in the army?
A new study that examined timing and risk factors for suicide attempts by US Army-enlisted soldiers suggests risks were highest among those soldiers never deployed and that never-deployed soldiers were at greatest risk in the second month of service, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Parents favor boys over girls for free heart treatment in Northern India
Parents in Northern India favour boys over girls when it comes to making sure that their children's heart problems are corrected -- even when treatment is provided completely free of charge -- reveals research published in the online journal Heart Asia.

Poor communities a 'hotbed' of entrepreneurial creativity, but need help to grow long-term
Using a national survey on entrepreneurship, researcher Laura Doering showed in a recent study that low-income entrepreneurs in Panama were just as likely as wealthier people to start early-stage businesses selling new products.

NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission will have a map for that
On Sept. 8, NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft is scheduled to launch for terra incognita: the unknown surface of the near-Earth asteroid Bennu.

No dessert for you! When it comes to diabetes, 'nagging is caring'
For men, an unhappy marriage may actually slow the development of diabetes and promote successful treatment once they do get the disease, finds a national study led by a Michigan State University sociologist.

Tests show drivers can't accurately judge speed of approaching train
Drivers can see trains approaching but cannot accurately judge their speed when proceeding through a passive level crossing, a QUT and Australasian Centre for Rail Innovation collaborative study has found.

The next generation of carbon monoxide nanosensors
Researchers propose a new method for building gas sensors that integrates nanowires on a micro-hotplate.

Human amyloid-beta acts as natural antibiotic in the brains of animal models
A new study from Massachusetts General Hospital investigators provides additional evidence that amyloid-beta protein -- which is deposited in the form of beta-amyloid plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease -- is a normal part of the innate immune system, the body's first-line defense against infection.

What can Pavlov's dogs tell us about drinking?
Pavlovian cues that predict alcohol can lead us toward addiction.

Differences in metabolism between androgen-dependent and castration resistant prostate cancer may lead to new therapies
Integration of gene expression and metabolomics data identified key metabolic pathways that are altered in prostate cancer.

Australian cricket team uses guided missile technology to improve bowling
Australian researchers have developed a revolutionary algorithm using submarine and guided missile technology to reduce injury and improve performance in cricket fast bowlers.

Neuroscientists illuminate role of autism-linked gene
MIT neuroscientists have found that loss of the autism-linked Shank gene prevents brain synapses from maturing, in a study of fruit flies.

Thermal modification of wood and a complex study of its properties by magnetic resonance
Researchers from Institute of Physics of Kazan Federal University, Institute of Perspective Research Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, and Nanoscience Department of Institut Neel conducted an investigation of various thermally treated wood species from the Central European part of Russia by magnetic resonance methods and revealed important changes in wood structure which were not available for observation by other methods.

Female meerkats compete to outgrow their sisters
Latest research shows subordinate meerkat siblings grow competitively, boosting their chance of becoming a dominant breeder when a vacancy opens up by making sure that younger siblings don't outgrow them.

Smoking may increase kidney disease risk in African-Americans
Cigarette smoking may be damaging to kidney function in African-Americans.

Cleveland researchers developing GPS for rectal cancer surgery
A researcher at Case Western Reserve University is mining magnetic resonance images and surgical data to provide surgeons with guidance as to which patients require rectal cancer surgery after chemoradiation and how much tissue to remove.

New veterinary research helps distinguish accidents from abuse
Using data from criminal cases of animal abuse, researchers from Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals have demonstrated that motor vehicle accidents and non-accidental blunt force trauma cases in dogs and cats present with different types of injuries.

NIH awards $11.6 million to Vanderbilt, Miami and Meharry for Precision Medicine Center
Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, the University of Miami and Meharry Medical College were recently awarded a five-year, $11.6 million grant to launch a new center that will enable research using precision medicine to eradicate health disparities, specifically those among African-Americans and Latinos.

Obese young adults unaware of kidney disease risk, study finds
Many young adults with abdominal obesity exhibit a readily detectable risk factor for chronic kidney disease, yet the vast majority don't know they're at risk, according to a study of nationwide health data led by Albert Einstein College of Medicine researchers that was published online today in the journal PLOS ONE.

Monitoring sun exposure with a portable paper sensor
Summer is around the corner -- time for cookouts and sunbathing.

Researchers make a key discovery in how malaria evades the immune system
The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum hijacks an immune system process to invade red blood cells, according to a study led by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine.

Louisiana Tech University computer scientist to present groundbreaking research
Dr. Ben Choi, associate professor of computer science at Louisiana Tech University, will present his research on a groundbreaking new technology that has the potential to revolutionize the computing industry during a keynote speech next month at the International Conference on Measurement Instrumentation and Electronics.

Lung function may affect vocal health for women
Vocal fatigue is a common complaint among teachers and one of the most debilitating conditions that can lead to vocal damage.

Out of tune: Mismatch of vascular and neural responses suggests limits of fMRI
During sensory stimulation, increases in blood flow are not precisely 'tuned' to local neural activity, report investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina in an article published online on May 25, 2016, in Nature.

Multiple personality disorder may be rooted in traumatic experiences
A new King's College London study supports the notion that multiple personality disorder is rooted in traumatic experiences such as neglect or abuse in childhood, rather than being related to suggestibility or proneness to fantasy.

Study finds elevated cancer risk among women with new-onset atrial fibrillation
Among nearly 35,000 initially healthy women who were followed-up for about 20 years, those with new-onset atrial fibrillation had an increased risk of cancer, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology.

Study reveals protein that dials immune responses up and down
Research led by scientists at SBP has identified a new regulator of immune responses.

Which free web apps for collaboration are the most user-friendly?
Free doesn't always mean usable or useful. This study rated the apps on the basis of visibility and feedback, user control and freedom, error prevention, flexibility and efficiency, and aesthetics.

Many unknown chemicals in the Baltic Sea
New chemicals are often not recognized in analyses of fish in the Baltic Sea, shows a study from the Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry at Stockholm University.

Ecosystems with many and similar species can handle tougher environmental disturbances
How sensitive an ecosystem is to unforeseen environmental stress can be determined, according to Daniel Bruno, previous visiting researcher at Umeå University.

Children's social and academic functioning is impeded when their families move more often
A new study analyzing a nationally representative US sample of 19,162 children, has found that frequent residential moves can lead to a decline in academic performance as well as higher rates of emotional and behavioral problems.

Forget peacock tails, fruit fly sperm tails are the most extreme ornaments
When it comes to mating, male animals show off the flashiest of ornaments to convince females of their suitability.

The taste or smell of foods can affect aging, say scientists
POSTECH researchers, Seung-Jae Lee and Murat Artan, discovered that the smell or taste of food can directly shorten lifespan by affecting sensory neurons that produce insulin-6, an insulin hormone-like factor.

Netmedi launches a digital solution for immuno-oncology follow-up
Finnish health technology company Netmedi has developed an innovative digital platform, Kaiku® Health IO, for the follow-up of patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors.

Boosting productivity at work may be simple: Stand up
Most people have heard the argument that standing desks are good for the body.

DARPA $6.4 million contract supports research to enhance resilience after malaria infection
Researchers at Emory University, the University of Georgia, and Georgia Tech will study the mechanisms of resilience after malaria infection, via a $6.4 million contract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the Army Research Laboratory.

Scientists create 'magnetic charge ice'
A team of scientists working at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and led by Northern Illinois University physicist and Argonne materials scientist Zhili Xiao has created a new material, called 'rewritable magnetic charge ice,' that permits an unprecedented degree of control over local magnetic fields and could pave the way for new computing technologies.

Strength and ductility for alloys
Thanks to a new strategy in the development of materials related to steel, high strength and ductility are no longer mutually exclusive.

Zika virus may be linked to more eye problems in Brazilian babies with microcephaly
Researchers studying babies with a Zika virus-related birth defect say they have found previously unreported eye problems possibly linked to the virus.

From Jungfraujoch Station: How new atmospheric aerosols form
New particles form in the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere through condensation of highly oxygenated compounds, a new study shows, and without sulfuric acid -- previously considered essential to nucleation.

Tiny vampires
Paleobiologist Susannah Porter finds evidence of predation in ancient microbial ecosystems dating back more than 740 million years.

Richard Benton and Ben Lehner awarded EMBO Gold Medal 2016
EMBO is pleased to announce Richard Benton of the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, and Ben Lehner of the Centre for Genomic Regulation, Barcelona, Spain, as the recipients of the EMBO Gold Medal 2016.

Making some of the world's most durable materials corrosion-resistant
Borides are among the hardest and most heat-resistant substances on the planet, but their Achilles' Heel, like so many materials', is that they oxidize at high temperatures.

The Lancet: Global economic crisis linked to over 260,000 additional cancer deaths, according to new study
Unemployment and reduced public-sector health spending following the 2008 global economic crisis were associated with increased cancer mortality, according to a new study published in The Lancet.

Charismatic speaking strategies of presidential candidates
Researchers at UCLA have recently examined the speech patterns of Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders, Donald Trump and Carly Fiorina in a variety of settings to determine whether the presidential candidates followed the same voice modulation strategies.

Captain T cell succeeds at OneStart competition
Berlin researchers win at the OneStart life sciences & healthcare accelerator with their project 'Captain T Cell'.

Ben-Gurion University study examines the 'gray divide' regarding mobile phone use
'While tutorial training and peer support, specially-designed senior phones and software add-ons are available, older adults still face formidable impediments and often find themselves excluded from cutting-edge technology user circles,' he says.

Scientists explore new concepts of plant behavior and interactions
While a lot is already known about plant perception, our ecological understanding of plants has largely focused on seeing plants as the sum of a series of building blocks or traits.

First large-scale proteogenomic study of breast cancer provides insight into potential therapeutic targets
This study integrates genomic and proteomic data to yield a more complete picture of cancer biology than either analysis could do alone.

Pilot devices for rapid meldonium testing to display results immediately
Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University have developed a prototype domestic analyzer for rapid meldonium and other drugs testing athletes.

Radiation oncologists meet with members of Congress, advocate for cancer research funding
Radiation oncologists from across the United States convened on Capitol Hill yesterday to encourage members of Congress to invest in cancer research with sustainable and predictable funding and to protect patients' access to high quality cancer care through value-based physician payment models.

40-year math mystery and 4 generations of figuring
In 1977, Princeton mathematician Paul Seymour made a conjecture about certain large graphs.

NYU WIRELESS study predicts trouble and solution for 5G cellular
Study by NYU WIRELESS researchers asserts that the three-parameter 'alpha-beta-gamma' (ABG) model used in the past by 3GPP for predicting signal coverage might spell trouble at frequencies above 6 gigahertz (GHz).

ESO signs largest ever ground-based astronomy contract for E-ELT dome and structure
At a ceremony in Garching bei München, Germany, ESO signed the contract with the ACe Consortium, consisting of Astaldi, Cimolai and the nominated sub-contractor EIE Group, for the construction of the dome and telescope structure of the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT).

Largest ever US study launches to research causes and genetics of blood diseases
The National Myelodysplastic Syndromes Natural History Study is underway to collect detailed information and biological samples from 2000 adults with myelodysplastic syndromes and 500 patients receiving care for persistent unexplained anemia.

Global economic downturn linked with at least 260,000 excess cancer deaths
The economic crisis of 2008-10, and the rise in unemployment that accompanied it, was associated with more than 260,000 excess cancer-related deaths -- including many considered treatable -- within the Organization for Economic Development, according to a Harvard T.H.

Study shows area undamaged by stroke remains so, regardless of time stroke is left untreated
A study led by Achala Vagal, M.D., associate professor at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and a UC Health radiologist, looked at a group of untreated acute stroke patients and found that there was no evidence of time dependence on damage outcomes for the penumbra, or tissue that is at risk of progressing to dead tissue but is still salvageable if blood flow is returned in a stroke, but rather an association with collateral flow -- or rerouting of blood through clear vessels.

Understanding your bacteria
New insight into bacterial cell division could lead to advancements in the fight against harmful bacteria.

New concept turns battery technology upside-down
A new approach to the design of a liquid battery, using a passive, gravity-fed arrangement similar to an old-fashioned hourglass, could offer great advantages due to the system's low cost and the simplicity of its design and operation, says a team of MIT researchers who have made a demonstration version of the new battery.

Spring comes sooner to urban heat islands, with potential consequences for wildlife
With spring now fully sprung, a new study by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers shows that buds burst earlier in dense urban areas than in their suburban and rural surroundings.

Unique CSI lab aims to solve crimes against wildlife
The discovery in a single day of 13 dead bald eagles in Maryland this February caught the nation's attention.

Scientists discover how supermassive black holes keep galaxies turned off
As galaxies evolve, they quench their star formation and turn into featureless deserts, devoid of fresh new stars.

Clemson scientist receives grant to study widespread, life-threatening parasite
Clemson University research scientist Zhicheng Dou has received a $64,786 grant from the Knights Templar Eye Foundation to study a microscopic parasite that can cause blindness, birth defects and other severe health consequences.

Saving Nemo: Bleaching threatens clownfish
Clownfish became a household name over a decade ago when Disney released the movie 'Finding Nemo.' The colorful fish are now at risk due to bleaching of their sea anemone homes in the Indo-Pacific, which has increased due to rising ocean temperatures.

Progranulin and dementia -- a blood sample does not tell the full story!
The key neurodegeneration protein progranulin is regulated differently in cerebrospinal fluid than in serum.

Current atmospheric models underestimate the dirtiness of Arctic air
Black carbon aerosols are important for understanding climate change. Unfortunately, current simulation models consistently underestimate the amount of these aerosols in the Arctic compared to actual measurements.

New multiphoton microscope and endoscope could speed up disease diagnosis
Two new optical devices could reduce the need to take tissue samples during medical examinations and operations and to then send them for testing -- potentially speeding up diagnosis and treatment and cutting healthcare costs.

Fort McMurray fires cause air quality issues
The air quality around the entire Fort McMurray region remains very poor.

Cybersecurity, autonomous vehicles, virtual reality among topics covered at HFES 2016 Annual Meeting
In 125 concurrent sessions between September 20 and 23 are presentations representing the breadth of human factors/ergonomics research and practice.

Supermassive black holes in 'red geyser' galaxies cause galactic warming
An international team of scientists, including the University of Kentucky's Renbin Yan, is solving one of the biggest unsolved mysteries in galaxy evolution.

Anemia negatively affects recovery from traumatic brain injuries
Approximately half of patients hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries are anemic, according to recent studies, but anemia's effects on the recovery of these patients is not clear.

Following tricky triclosan
Most US homes are full of familiar household products with an ingredient that fights bacteria: triclosan.

Can Alzheimer's disease-associated peptide fight bacterial infection?
Amyloid-ß is a sticky peptide notorious for forming destructive plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients, but a new study suggests that it may also serve a protective function as an antimicrobial peptide.

Close encounters of a tidal kind could lead to cracks on icy moons
A new model developed by University of Rochester researchers could offer a new explanation as to how cracks on icy moons, such as Pluto's Charon, formed.

Early use of 'hurricane hunter' data improves hurricane intensity predictions
Data collected via airplane when a hurricane is developing can improve hurricane intensity predictions by up to 15 percent, according to Penn State researchers who have been working with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the National Hurricane Center to put the new technique into practice.

The future of sonar in semiheated oceans
Light doesn't travel very far underwater so the navy uses sound to transmit messages.

Workaholism tied to psychiatric disorders
A national study shows that workaholics score higher on psychiatric symptoms like ADHD, OCD, anxiety, and depression than non-workaholics.

Genome 10K -- Vertebrate 'genomic zoo' to help protect our planet
The Genome Analysis Centre are to hold the biannual Genome 10K Conference on Aug.

High altitude archaeology: Prehistoric paintings revealed
Archaeologists at the University of York have undertaken pioneering scans of the highest prehistoric paintings of animals in Europe.

JSA awards graduate fellowships for research at Jefferson Lab
Jefferson Sciences Associates announced today the award of eight JSA/Jefferson Lab graduate fellowships.

Humans less likely to return to an automated advisor once given bad advice
The ubiquitous Chat Bot popping up on websites asking if you need help has become standard on many sites.

Investigating how 'chemo brain' develops in cancer patients
During and after chemotherapy, many cancer patients describe feeling a mental fog, a condition that has been dubbed 'chemo brain.' Why this happens is unclear, but researchers have found a new clue to understanding this syndrome.

Speech-language pathologists can help kids who struggle to read
Classroom teachers may not employ the strategies that can help students master complex written language, according to speech-language pathology researchers at University of the Pacific.

Researchers identify immune genes tied to common, deadly brain cancer
Researchers have identified a group of immune system genes that may play a role in how long people can live after developing a common type of brain cancer called glioblastoma multiforme, a tumor of the glial cells in the brain.

Downed World War II aircraft missing for 72 years located
An American aircraft, a TBM-1C Avenger, missing since July 1944 was recently located in the waters surrounding the Pacific Island nation of Palau using the most advanced oceanographic technology with advanced archival research methods

Individual quality trumps reproductive tradeoffs in ducks
Not all ducks are created equal. In female Wood Ducks, variation in individual quality is what matters for breeding success and survival, according to the results of a new long-term study being published in The Auk: Ornithological Advances.

Lung cancer survival rate increases by 73 percent if caught early
The UK Lung cancer screening trial has been successfully completed and demonstrated that patients with a high risk of developing lung cancer can be identified with early stage disease and have up to a 73 percent chance of surviving for five years or more.

Scientists block breast cancer cells from hiding in bones
Scientists at the Duke Cancer Institute have identified a molecular key that breast cancer cells use to invade bone marrow in mice, where they may be protected from chemotherapy or hormonal therapies that could otherwise eradicate them.

NASA scientists explain the art of creating digital hurricanes
At NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., a team of scientists spends its days incorporating millions of atmospheric observations, sophisticated graphic tools and lines of computer code to create computer models simulating the weather and climate conditions responsible for hurricanes.

As early as first grade, children with severe obesity are more likely to be ostracized
A new study has found that as early as first grade severely obese children are more likely to be rejected by peers and show signs of depression.

Is symptom expression a form of communication?
Research shows organisms, including humans, express or suppress symptoms of illness based on need.

Revealed mechanism for inhibiting bacterial invasion of colonic epithelia
A group of researchers at Osaka University elucidated how a gene named Ly6/Plaur domain containing 8 (Lypd8) inhibits bacterial invasion of colonic epithelia, regulating intestinal inflammation.

Women cooking with biomass fuels more likely to have cataracts
Women in India who cook using fuels such as wood, crop residues and dried dung instead of cleaner fuels are more likely to have visually impairing nuclear cataracts, according to a new study by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

Scripps Florida scientists show commonly prescribed painkiller slows cancer growth
Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute Florida campus have found that one of the most widely prescribed pain and anti-inflammation drugs slows the growth rate of a specific kind of cancer in animal models and suggests the medication could have the same effect on other types of tumors.

Harnessing solar and wind energy in one device could power the 'Internet of Things'
The 'Internet of Things' could make cities 'smarter' by connecting an extensive network of tiny communications devices to make life more efficient.

Antiretroviral therapy may not be enough to reduce HIV-associated arterial inflammation
Initiating antiretroviral therapy soon after diagnosis of an HIV infection did not prevent the progression of significant arterial inflammation in a small group of previously untreated patients.

African-Americans, men, young patients more likely to receive neuroimaging, study shows
A team led by Achala Vagal, M.D., associate professor at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and a UC Health radiologist, wanted to see whether differences in race, sex and/or age mattered when it came to neuroimaging use, and these findings, which showed a difference for young patients, men and African-Americans, will be presented at the American Society of Neuroradiology's annual meeting May 25 in Washington, D.C.

Jeremy M. Berg named editor-in-chief of the Science family of journals at AAAS
The Board of Directors of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has named Jeremy Berg to serve as editor-in-chief of the Science family of journals, beginning July 1, 2016.

Therapeutically robust correction, in vitro, of the most common cystic fibrosis mutation
In experiments with isolated cystic fibrosis lung cells, researchers have partially restored the lost function of those cells to therapeutic levels.

Radiation 101: DoseNet delivers environmental data as an educational tool
A network of radiation-monitoring devices and a companion website and open-source code serve as educational and outreach tools for an international project called DoseNet that stretches from Northern California classrooms to a city hall in Japan.

Humiliation from stares are worse than tiny seats for obese air travelers -- new study
'Most participants agreed that the way people stare at them during boarding and deplaning is humiliating, and at times even shameful,' says Professor Yaniv Poria.

Number of habitable planets could be limited by stifling atmospheres
New research has revealed that fewer than predicted planets may be capable of harbouring life because their atmospheres keep them too hot.

Closer to the source of the itch
Scientists at Hokkaido University are getting closer to understanding the underlying mechanisms that lead to psoriasis.

DNA sequencing enables treatment for some types of intellectual disability
A study published May 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine is one of the first to show the life-changing benefits of genome-wide sequencing for children with certain kinds of intellectual disability.

Clouds provide clue to better climate predictions
A research group from the CERN Cloud experiment, including scientists from Carnegie Mellon University, have uncovered the processes behind the formation and evolution of small atmospheric particles free from the influence of pollution.

Oldest well-documented Blanding's turtle recaptured at U-M reserve at age 83
A female Blanding's turtle believed to be at least 83 years old was captured at a University of Michigan forest reserve this week.

Self-driving truck acts like an animal
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology are finding inspiration in evolution's biological counterparts in the development of a driverless truck.

Is aging inevitable? Not necessarily for sea urchins
MDI Biological Laboratory Associate Professor James A. Coffman, Ph.D., is studying the regenerative capacity of sea urchins in hopes that a deeper understanding of the process of regeneration, which governs the regeneration of aging tissues as well as lost or damaged body parts, will lead to a deeper understanding of the aging process in humans, with whom sea urchins share a close genetic relationship.

TGAC trains the next generation of rice breeders in Vietnam
Scientists from The Genome Analysis Centre in partnership with Agricultural Genetics Institute begin their bioinformatics training program in Vietnam to identify 600 rice varieties to accelerate crop breeding.

New NIH-EPA research centers to study environmental health disparities
The National Institutes of Health has partnered with the US Environmental Protection Agency to fund five new research centers to improve health in communities overburdened by pollution and other environmental factors that contribute to health disparities. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to