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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | May 30, 2016


EASO announces the European Obesity Summit June 1-4, Gothenburg, Sweden
There will be a series of press conferences to showcase the items most of interest to the media, and press releases will be issued throughout the summit.
Back to the future: Space-age exploration for pre-historic bones
Ashley Kruger, a Ph.D. candidate in Palaeoanthropology at the Wits Evolutionary Studies Institute, roped in the use of high-tech laser scanning, photogrammetry and 3-D mapping technology to map Homo naledi's Dinaledi chamber.
When it comes to developing stem cell treatments, seeing is half the battle
An MRI contrast agent developed at the University of Toronto may help in developing stem cell treatments.
Growing perfect crystals by filling the gaps
Be it in physics, metallurgy, gemology or engineering, the applications of crystals are very broad.
Synthesis of hydrogen: Enzymes assemble themselves in the test tube
Researchers from Bochum have engineered a hydrogen-producing enzyme in the test tube that works as efficiently as the original -- a hydrogenase from green algae.
New Cretaceous fossils shed light on the early evolution of ants
CAS researchers describe a new bizarre ant, Ceratomyrmex ellenbergeri, from 99 million-year-old Burmese amber that displays a prominent cephalic horn and oversized, scythelike mandibles that extend high above the head.
Heme, a poisonous nutrient, tracked by 'Green Lantern' sensor
The toxin heme is essential to life, but cells must make use of it sparingly and carefully, as poor heme management can lead to Alzheimer's, heart disease and cancer.
Kazakhstan weighs life sciences and precision medicine as a new economic sector
Recent advances in biomedical science and precision medicine technologies have the potential to extend healthy lifespan, and these growing industries can become a transformative power for economies like Kazakhstan that are currently heavily dependent on natural resources.
Dancing hairs alert bees to floral electric fields
Tiny, vibrating hairs may explain how bumblebees sense and interpret the signals transmitted by flowers, according to a study by researchers at the University of Bristol.
Geophysicist Boris Kaus receives ERC Proof of Concept Grant
Geophysicist Professor Boris Kaus of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) has received grant money from the European Union to improve the exploration of crude oil and natural gas in the vicinity of salt deposits.
Google searches for 'chickenpox' reveal big impact of vaccinations
Countries that implement government-mandated vaccinations for chickenpox see a sharp drop in the number of Google searches for the common childhood disease afterward, demonstrating that immunization significantly reduces seasonal outbreaks.
Seeing 'living' nanofibers in real time
Japanese scientists observe artificial nanofibers self-sorting into organized structures in real-time.
Institute of Biophysics research clarifies light-harvesting process in plants
Recently, three groups, under the respective direction of Liu Zhenfeng, Zhang Xinzheng, and Chang Wenrui and Li Mei, from the Institute of Biophysics at CAS, collaboratively solved the structure of spinach PSII-LHCII supercomplex at 3.2 Å resolution through single-particle cryo-electron microscopy.
90-90-90 HIV initiative would yield 'extraordinary returns' in South Africa
An expensive and ambitious initiative to end the AIDS epidemic in South Africa by 2020 would be both extraordinarily effective and cost-effective, according to a modeling study published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Weed stems ripe for biofuel
A weedy plant found on the roadside in northern Australia has stems ripe for biofuel production.
The First International Symposium on Advanced Soft Matter
Global Station for Soft Matter (GSS) was established in April 2016 to further the progressive development of soft matter, which contributes to solve social problems such as aging, environmental pollution and lack of resources.
Gels go drugs
The work of the Lomonosov Moscow State University physicists will help in development of the new polymer gels for the targeted drug-delivery.
'Environment, Health, and Sustainable Society': ISEE-ISES AC2016
On behalf of the ISEE-ISES AC2016 Sapporo organizing committees, it is our great pleasure to welcome you to the 5th ISEE Asia Chapter and the first joint symposium of ISEE and ISES, Asia chapter.
Fish courtship pheromone uses the brain's smell pathway
Research at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan has revealed that a molecule involved in fish reproduction activates the brain via the nose.
The brain clock that keeps memories ticking
Neurons in the brain need well-timed waves of activity to organize memories across time.
Alaska scientist receives $1.6 million award for vaccine research
A treatment credited with saving about nine million lives a year worldwide and bringing major human diseases including smallpox, tetanus, whooping cough and polio under some degree of control is said to have begun with a milkmaid, a boy, a cow and a doctor about two hundred years ago.
A combined approach to treating metastatic melanoma
Oncologists at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have successfully treated a patient with metastatic melanoma by combining two different types of immunotherapy.
New UN treatment targets for HIV/AIDS would be 'expensive but worth every penny'
A new study finds that implementing the United Nations targets for HIV testing and treatment would be an expensive but ultimately very cost-effective way to increase survival, reduce the number of children orphaned by HIV, and contain the global AIDS epidemic.
Remains of rice and mung beans help solve a Madagascan mystery
Researchers have helped discover why the inhabitants of Madagascar speak Malagasy, a language otherwise unique to Southeast Asia and the Pacific -- a region located at least 6,000 km away.
Rice and mung beans as archaeological sources
Ancient crops provide a window into Madagascar's Southeast Asian settlement.
PolyU develops the first computerized haptic system for nasogastric tube placement
This innovative system enables nursing students to practice NGT insertion in computer-simulated virtual environment.
Mouse study links heart regeneration to telomere length
Researchers at the Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research have discovered that the ends of heart muscle cell chromosomes rapidly erode after birth, limiting the cells' ability to proliferate and replace damaged heart tissue.
Phoenix Nest and LA BioMed receive over $1.7 million in grant funding
With more than $1.7 million in new grant funding, Phoenix Nest and LA BioMed will work together to develop therapies for treating different forms of a devastating inherited genetic disorder, Sanfilippo disease, also known as MPS III.
Deep, old water explains why Antarctic Ocean hasn't warmed
The water around Antarctica has not seen the atmosphere for centuries, since long before the machine age.
Identification of the action mechanism of a protein impacting neural circuit development
Research by Dr. Shernaz Bamji at the University of British Columbia uncovers the action mechanism of an enzyme called DHHC9 in normal development and function of neural networks in the brain.
'Dirty Blizzard' sent 2010 Gulf oil spill pollution to seafloor
Scientists working in the Gulf of Mexico have found that contaminants from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill lingered in the subsurface water for months after oil on the surface had been swept up or dispersed.
Effects of maternal smoking continue long after birth
Early exposure to nicotine can trigger widespread genetic changes that affect formation of connections between brain cells long after birth, a new Yale-led study has found.
Increased marrying, and mating, by education level not affecting genetic make-up
While the latter half of the 20th century showed a widening gap between the more and less educated with respect to marriage and fertility, this trend has not significantly altered the genetic makeup of subsequent generations, a team of researchers has found.
USF researchers find spatial scale changes ecological processes driving disease
Human are contributing to unprecedented rates of infectious disease emergence, climate change and biodiversity loss.
50th publication in RIO Journal: Report of the first FORCE11 Scholarly Commons workshop
What if scholars, librarians, archivists, publishers and funders could restart scholarly communication?
Study finds one third of children have higher levels of cardiometabolic risk factors due to family history
A new study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) shows that children with a strong family history of cardiovascular disease and/or type 2 diabetes were found to have cholesterol levels significantly higher than children with no family history of those conditions.
Psoriasis and smoking: Links and risks published by Dove Medical Press
Smoking impacts on the clinical severity of psoriasis, its response to treatment and explains some of the associated co-morbidities, e.g., cardiovascular disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and several cancers (especially those of the respiratory tract).
Narcotic painkillers prolong pain in rats, says CU-Boulder study
A new University of Colorado Boulder-led study shows painkillers paradoxically prolong pain in rats, a study that could have far-reaching effects for humans.
Hydropower dams worldwide cause continued species extinction
New research led by the University of Stirling has found a global pattern of sustained species extinctions on islands within hydroelectric reservoirs.
Research explains the role of the gene BRCA1 in DNA repair
Scientists at the University of Birmingham are a step closer to understanding the role of the gene BRCA1.
Researchers show the transmission of the genetic disorder HD in normal animals
Mice transplanted with cells grown from a patient suffering from Huntington's disease (HD) develop the clinical features and brain pathology of that patient, suggests a study published in the latest issue of Acta Neuropathologica by CHA University in Korea, in collaboration with researchers at Université Laval in Québec City, Canada.
When it comes to claws, right-handed attracts the girls
A tiny marine crustacean with a great big claw has shown that not only does size matter, but left or right-handedness (or in this case, left or right-clawedness) is important too.
Next-generation gene sequencing helps diagnose rare diseases in newborns
The use of next-generation gene sequencing in newborns in neonatal intensive care units may improve the diagnosis of rare diseases and deliver results more quickly to anxious families, according to new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Turning human waste into next generation biofuel
Researchers affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology have found a new way to convert human waste into renewable energy sources.
Clouds and climate in the pre-industrial age
Aerosol particles generated by human activity counteract the warming of the earth's atmosphere by greenhouse gases.

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