Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 01, 2016
Online training helps prevent depression
An international team of researchers has shown for the first time that depression can be effectively prevented through online training.

Americans accept and engage in same-sex behaviors more than ever
A new study shows a fundamental shift in Americans' attitudes about same-sex behavior.

Study finds minimal risk for serious infection with 'in bone' prosthesis
A new study in today's issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery found minimal risk for severe infection with osseointegrated implants -- a newer prosthetic system, press-fitted directly into the femur bone -- that enables bone growth over a metal, robotic prosthetic limb in patients with above knee amputations.

Mount Sinai researchers report clinical utility of personalized medicine program for cancer patients
Integrated genomic profiles reveal significantly more actionable mutations than targeted cancer panels.

Georgetown University and The Michael J. Fox Foundation offer fellowship in regulatory science
Georgetown University Medical Center and The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research announce a fellowship in regulatory science that will promote postgraduate training in the Parkinson's research field to optimize clinical trial design and support approval of novel therapies.

New study of the memory through optogenetics
A collaboration between Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Harvard University pioneers the increase of memory using optogenetics in mice in Spain.

How running makes us human
Barefoot runner and University of Kent lecturer Dr. Vybarr Cregan-Reid makes a compelling case in a new book for how running can make people's lives better.

Genetic switch that turned moths black also colors butterflies
The same gene that enables tropical butterflies to mimic each other's bright and colorful patterning also caused British moths to turn black amid the grime of the industrial revolution, researchers have found.

Gender gap discovered in science exam performance
Arizona State University researchers and their collaborators have discovered that male students in undergraduate introductory biology courses are outperforming females at test time, but it may be due to how exams are designed rather than academic ability.

Racist history, lack of park-going culture reasons for few black visitors to parks
A University of Missouri researcher has identified several reasons why African-Americans choose not to patronize public parks in greater numbers, including a racist history that curtailed African-Americans' access to parks, on-going racial conflict within communities near parks, and a lack of African-American heritage at parks.

Ultra-sensitive, vibration-tolerant gas sensor makes field applications more practical
Research team from Adelphi University, Garden City, New York, USA, has now developed a new device that can detect ultra-low concentrations of gases like nitrogen dioxide accurately and nearly instantaneously.

Survey suggests patients prefer dermatologists in professional attire, white coat
The majority of patients prefer their dermatologists to be dressed in professional attire with a white coat, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.

CD34+ cell treatment reduced angina frequency for 'no option' patients
A two-year, multi-center clinical study with 167 patients with class III-IV refractory angina randomized to low and high dose CD34+ cells or placebo has revealed that patients who received either a high or low dose of CD34 cells had a significant reduction in angina frequency over patients who received placebo.

Women find men more masculine when wearing deodorant
New research by the University of Stirling has found that men who are perceived low in masculinity can significantly increase this by applying deodorant, but that this is not the case for men who already have high levels of masculinity.

A variation on a gene brings unexpected benefits
The variant of a gene encoding a drug target for a popular antidiabetic therapy is protective against heart disease, a common safety concern with antidiabetic medications, a new study shows.

Genetic approach could help identify side-effects at early stages of drug development
An approach that could reduce the chances of drugs failing during the later stages of clinical trials has been demonstrated by a collaboration between the University of Cambridge and pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK).

Pot-smokers harm gums; other physical effects slight
A study of nearly 1,000 New Zealanders from birth to age 38 has found marijuana smokers have more gum disease, but otherwise do not show worse physical health on a dozen measures including lung function, systemic inflammation, and several measures of metabolic syndrome, including waist circumference, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, glucose control and body mass index.

Two Chinese businessmen donate $1 million to the University of Montreal & Trudeau Foundation
The University of Montreal Faculty of Law is holding a ceremony today in recognition of the donation by Zhang Bin and Niu Gensheng to create the China-Canada Fund for Scholarships , commemorating the recognition of the People's Republic of China in 1970.

Schoolkids name a new tree species from Tanzania while fundraising for tropical forests
A University of York conservationist who put out a call for schools to name a new species of tropical tree has found a winner.

What happens to hydraulic fracturing wastewater on cropland
The use of hydraulic fracturing, or 'fracking,' has grown rapidly in the US over the past 15 years -- but concerns persist that the oil and gas extraction method could harm the environment and people's health.

Outlining a strategy for supermarket coupons
Among the major tools of supermarket promotions are coupons, but understanding which types of coupons accomplish the retailer's objectives can be tricky.

Perceived values of education from young people's perspectives
Studies of young people's perceived values of learning has resulted in a theoretical framework that can form the basis for further discussions and means to develop and understand education.

Low-income, rural mothers express need for family time outdoors
Low-income mothers in rural communities say participating in outdoor activities as a family is a primary need for their physical and emotional well-being.

Springer to launch the Journal of Cognitive Enhancement
Springer is launching the Journal of Cognitive Enhancement: Towards the integration of theory and practice, a new interdisciplinary psychology publication.

Pancreatic cancer: Aggressive behavior from the start
A particular microRNA suppresses the ability of cancer cells in the pancreas to invade surrounding tissue and spread metastases, researchers at the German Cancer Research Center and colleagues revealed in their latest study.

Antarctic coastline images reveal 4 decades of ice loss to ocean
Part of Antarctica's coastline has been losing ice to the ocean for far longer than had been expected by scientists, a study of satellite pictures has shown.

Research examines the social benefits of getting into someone else's head
Do you often wonder what the person next to you is thinking?

Team identifies gene involved with fracture healing
New identification of a gene involved in the fracture healing process could lead to the development of new therapeutic treatments for difficult-to-heal injuries.

Actuators inspired by muscle
To make robots more cooperative and have them perform tasks in close proximity to humans, they must be softer and safer.

First gene mutation explaining development of multiple sclerosis found
Although multiple sclerosis is known to run in certain families, attempts to find genes linked to the disease have been elusive.

Study shows that black men with more West African genes have lower risk of obesity
Among black men, those with a high degree of West African genetic ancestry have less abdominal fat than those with a lower degree.

What will it take to protect hospital patients from UTIs? National effort shows promise
Right now, about one in five hospital patients has a catheter collecting their urine -- and putting them at risk of a painful and potentially dangerous urinary tract infection, or UTI.

Uncovering the purpose of birds' extra fat
Ornithologists have long wondered why some birds carry more fat than they need to fuel their migration, and a new study in The Auk: Ornithological Advances provides the answer: Leftover fuel from spring migration gives female birds a reproductive boost when they reach their breeding grounds.

The science of cloud seeding
Experiments to seed clouds and coax them to produce more rain started 70 years ago.

Politics, not ignorance, may pollute support for pro-science solutions
Mentioning politics in a message about an environmental issue may turn people -- even people informed about the issue -- away from supporting a pro-science solution, according to a team of researchers.

How southeastern Mayan people overcame the catastrophic eruption of Ilopango?
Across the centuries, forming cooperative networks beyond cultural boundaries has been a way to overcome natural disasters.

Ancient rice may hold key to solving the puzzle of the settlement of Madagascar
Archaeologists studying the distribution of ancient rice believe they may be close to solving one of the enduring mysteries of the ancient world -- how people of South East Asian origin ended up living on the African island of Madagascar, 6,000 km away.

In all US regions, broad support for increasing legal age of tobacco sales
Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and East Carolina University report in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine that in all nine regions of the country, a majority of adults supported increasing the minimum legal age for tobacco product sales.

Long-term marijuana use associated with periodontal disease
While using marijuana for as long as 20 years was associated with periodontal disease, it was not associated with some other physical health problems in early midlife at age 38, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Elliptical galaxies not formed by merging
Using an 'intuitive' approach, a SISSA study confirms a recent hypothesis on the formation of galaxies, according to which the larger elliptical galaxies formed in very ancient times through a process of local (in situ) star formation.

Post coronary artery bypass infections may be linked to severe obesity
Coronary artery bypass patients with severe obesity had triple the odds of infection soon after surgery compared to patients with normal weight.

A new look at caspase 12 research
Inflammasomes are assemblies that are central to inflammatory responses. Dr.

West African genes lower the risk of obesity in men, suggests study
African American men with a high degree of West African genetic ancestry have less central adiposity.

Innovative surgical practices using tissue-based regenerative therapies may be tightly regulated
The therapeutic use of human cell and tissue products is highly regulated by the US government, but a specific exception allows surgeons to harvest, manipulate, and implant tissues in many commonly performed procedures.

Software turns webcams into eye-trackers
New software developed by Brown University computer scientists turns ordinary computer webcams into eye-tracking devices.

Spotlight on fair wages
Aligning minimum wages with fair ('living') wages could generate further positive productivity effects and slash the number of working poor, Australian and British researchers have found.

Cooler and wetter: Study links irrigation to inaccurate climate perception
Irrigation systems caused New Zealand farmers to think their local area cooler and wetter than it was -- inaccurate perceptions that may slow their efforts to address climate change.

Wildfire on warming planet requires adaptive capacity at local, national, international scales
Industrialized nations that view wildfire as the enemy can learn from cultures that have lived compatibly with wildfire -- in some cases for centuries or millennia, says fire anthropologist Christopher Roos, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, lead author on a new report by an international team of scientists who study fire.

Buck researchers identify new 'druggable' target for sporadic Parkinson's disease
Research at the Buck Institute shows the same mechanisms that lead to neuronal cell death in mice genetically fated to develop Parkinson's disease are involved in the much more common sporadic form of the age-related, neurodegenerative disorder that robs people of the ability to move normally.

Wood components to boost the quality of food products
Xylan, fibrillated cellulose and lignin are wood-derived polymers that could be used for improving the texture and reducing the energy content of food products.

'Jumping gene' took peppered moths to the dark side
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have identified and dated the genetic mutation that gave rise to the black form of the peppered moth, which spread rapidly during Britain's industrial revolution.

Reported data on vaccines may not build public trust or adherence
The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) is a national vaccine safety reporting system that collects information about possible side effects that may occur after inoculation.

Belgian researchers check quality of chocolate with ultrasound
The quality of Belgium's famous chocolate largely depends on the crystals that form during the hardening of the chocolate.

Just what sustains Earth's magnetic field anyway?
Earth's magnetic field shields us from deadly cosmic radiation, and without it, life as we know it could not exist here.

Don't cut the tags off yet
Merchandise returns are expensive for retailers, and yet lenient return policies can boost consumer demand.

Cooperation emerges when groups are small and memories are long, Penn study finds
In a new paper, published in the journal Scientific Reports, University of Pennsylvania researchers use game theory to demonstrate the complex set of traits that can promote the evolution of cooperation.

State of the art management of aortic disease
There have been exciting developments in caring for patients with aortic aneurysm and dissection, including great advances in diagnosis and endovascular therapies.

Are drops in estrogen levels more rapid in women with migraine?
Researchers have long known that sex hormones such as estrogen play a role in migraine.

Discovery of new IRAP inhibitors to improve cognitive functions
Researchers have discovered three new inhibitors of insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP), compounds shown to improve cognitive functions in animal models of human disorders.

New smartphone app makes it easy to find -- and enroll in -- clinical trials
A UB researcher funded by the Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) has developed a smartphone app designed to boost clinical trial recruitment by taking advantage of smartphone technology.

Health concerns about global baby formula boom
A new study from The Australian National University (ANU) has found a global boom in the sale of infant and baby formula, especially in China and Southeast Asia, raising concerns about the health of millions of mothers and their babies.

Opioids are not necessarily evil
Neurology Central is shining a light on this health crisis in an exclusive interview with Michael Schatman (Director of Research, US Pain Foundation, Connecticut, USA) discussing his recent thought-provoking editorial on the misuse of opioid dose calculation techniques in medical guidelines and the drivers of the opioid epidemic.

Tufts engineer earns NSF Career Award to study multidimensional data science
Shuchin Aeron, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering in Tufts University's School of Engineering, has received a Faculty Early Career Development award from the National Science Foundation and US Department of Energy.

Neuropathic pain unmasks subliminal excitation in pain processing circuits
Research by Steven Prescott, at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children, sheds new light on the mechanism underlying the establishment of neuropathic pain.

The association between Medicare eligibility and rehabilitative care
Researchers from the Center for Surgery and Public Health at BWH found that becoming Medicare eligible at age 65 (as compared to age 64) was associated with an abrupt 6.4 percentage-point decline in the number of people who were uninsured and a 9.6 percentage-point increase in rehabilitation.

Program to train first responders and hazardous waste workers on infectious disease safety
A training program will help approximately 35,000 first responders and workers, whose jobs may expose them to infectious diseases, protect themselves while also minimizing the spread of disease to others.

One of 8 new endemic polyester bees from Chile bears the name of a draconic Pokemon
Among the eight new bee species that Ph.D. student Spencer Monckton has discovered as part of his Master's degree, there is one named after a draconic creature from the Japanese franchise Pokémon.

Solid-state physics: Probing the geometry of energy bands
Scientists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics (MPQ) have devised a new interferometer to probe the geometry of band structures.

Novel mouse model sheds new light on autism spectrum disorder
A new mouse model, developed by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, is the first to show that when more of a specific biological molecule moves between different parts of nerve cells in the mouse brain, it can lead to behaviors that resembles some aspects of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in humans.

The organizer of body axes
Cells need to 'know' where they are in relation to all other cells in order to give rise into the correct cell types and tissues.

Dietary fiber intake tied to successful aging, research reveals
Most people know that a diet high in fiber helps to keep us 'regular.' Now Australian researchers have uncovered a surprising benefit of this often-undervalued dietary component.

Hydraulic fracturing chemical spills on agricultural land need scrutiny
Hydraulic fracturing, a widely used method for extracting oil and gas from otherwise impenetrable shale and rock formations, involves not only underground injections composed mostly of water, but also a mixture of chemical additives.

Purdue, CU-Boulder study shows how comets break up, make up
A new study led by Purdue University and the University of Colorado Boulder indicates the bodies of some periodic comets -- objects that orbit the sun in less than 200 years -- may regularly split in two, then reunite down the road.

Long-term memory test could aid earlier Alzheimer's diagnosis
People with Alzheimer's disease could benefit from earlier diagnosis if a long-term memory test combined with a brain scan were carried out, a study suggests.

NASA satellite finds unreported sources of toxic air pollution
Using a new satellite-based method, scientists at NASA, Environment and Climate Change Canada, and two universities have located 39 unreported and major human-made sources of toxic sulfur dioxide emissions.

Fasting induces a miRNA-mediated subcutaneous to visceral fat switch
In a new study published in Nature Communications, Chen-Yu Zhang's group from Nanjing University reports that 24 hours of fasting induces a miRNA-149-3p-mediated subcutaneous to visceral fat switch via suppression of PRDM16 in mice.

The deadly toxin acrolein has a useful biological role
Scientists from RIKEN in Japan have discovered that acrolein -- a toxic substance produced in cells during times of oxidative stress -- in fact may play a role in preventing the process of fibrillation, an abnormal clumping of peptides that has been associated with Alzheimer's disease and other neural diseases.

Radar, bed sensors help health providers detect problems early
Developing and evaluating motion-capture technology to help older adults 'age in place' has been the focus of researchers at the University of Missouri for more than a decade.

New measurement technique shows link between T-cells and aging
Researchers discover a new correlation between aging and the effectiveness of T-Cells.

Scientists find genetic cause of multiple sclerosis
Researchers have discovered a rare genetic mutation that makes it probable that a person will develop multiple sclerosis (MS).

How green and cool roofs could impact urban climate
Newly published University of Notre Dame research found that the use of roofs with vegetation or reflective surfaces on top of Chicago's current infrastructure could reduce an Urban Heat Island by lowering roof temperatures by a range of 3 to 4 degrees Celsius (5.4 to 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit).

De-coding the character of a hacker
A characteristic called systemizing provides insight into what makes and motivates a hacker, says new study.

TGen studies global fungal threat; finds six new species associated with bat evolution
A fungal infection associated with a high percentage of deaths among HIV and other immune-compromised patients is more diverse than previously known and likely spread around the world by bats.

For women, barriers to physical activity can vary by weight
When it comes to helping women become more physically active, a one-size-fits-all approach may not work, according to a new study conducted by researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine.

Study highlights 'emotional labor' of college student-athletes
A recent study from North Carolina State University highlights the 'emotional labor' required of collegiate student-athletes, which can leave student-athletes feeling powerless, frustrated and nervous.

New muscular dystrophy drug target identified
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have discovered that muscle cells affected by muscular dystrophy contain high levels of an enzyme that impairs muscle repair.

Deployed US military service members more likely to suffer noncombat bone and joint injuries
Since Sept. 11, 2001, an estimated 60,000 US military service members have been injured in combat during the Afghanistan and Iraq wars.

Flu-like symptoms in pregnant woman could affect baby
Babies born to mothers whose immune systems had to grapple with a viral assault -- even a mild one -- have increased risk of brain and central nervous system abnormalities.

New €5 million project to transform care for multimorbid patients launched
Care for patients with multimorbid chronic conditions could be transformed by a new cloud infrastructure to be developed at the University of Warwick's Institute of Digital Healthcare based at WMG, as part of a European project.

Scientists pioneer new method to classify praying mantises
Scientists from The Cleveland Museum of Natural History have pioneered a new method to identify praying mantises.

UTA civil engineer creates phone app to gather public input on flash flooding conditions
A University of Texas at Arlington associate professor of civil engineering has launched a new Android cell phone app called iSeeFlood to encourage the public to file timely reports when they see flooding of varying severity on the streets, in and around their houses, and in streams and creeks.

Shift work unwinds body clocks, leading to more severe strokes
Statistics show that some 15 million Americans don't work the typical nine-to-five.

Street lighting disrupts pollinating moths
New research reveals the shift in moth activity in street-lit areas from vegetation level to lamp-post height and the impact this is having on their ability to pollinate flowers.

Ensuring the future affordability of wind turbines, computers and electric cars
Technologies from wind turbines to electric vehicles rely on critical materials called rare-earth elements.

Evolution painted onto butterfly wings
Using a reverse paint-by-numbers approach, scientists have located another gene that controls the brilliant patterning of Heliconius butterfly wings.

Hands-on science courses shown to boost graduation rates and STEM retention
A new study finds that courses that engage college students in conducting scientific research early on can dramatically increase students' odds of completing a science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) degree, a positive sign for efforts to boost US competitiveness in science and technology.

Studies examine use of newer blood test to help identify or rule-out heart attack
Two studies published online by JAMA Cardiology examine the usefulness of a high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I assay to help identify or exclude the diagnosis of a heart attack for patients reporting to an emergency department with chest pain.

Wilke Cohen Lyme Disease Project gets $3 million from the Steven & Alexandra Cohen Foundation
The Institute for Systems Biology has received a transformational, multi-year pledge from the Steven & Alexandra Cohen Foundation to support the Wilke Cohen Lyme Disease Project.

New approach to nuclear structure, freely available
The atomic nucleus is highly complex. Understanding this complexity often requires a tremendous amount of computational power.

Nurses cite language barriers to educating parents about 'shaken baby syndrome'
Language is a key obstacle to meeting guidelines for educating parents of newborns about 'shaken baby syndrome' -- also called abusive head trauma (SBS/AHT), reports a study in the Journal of Trauma Nursing, official publication of the Society of Trauma Nurses.

NIH awards Brown University $11.5 million for computational biology research
Brown University will launch a Center for Biomedical Research Excellence in Computational Biology of Human Disease to expand its research using sophisticated computer analyses to understand and fight human diseases.

UAB developing training program on Ebola for first responders in Deep South
UAB has received a grant to develop and implement Ebola and infectious disease training to further protect health care and public safety workers.

A vision for revamping neuroscience education
The expanding scope and growing number of tools used for neuroscience is moving beyond what is taught in traditional graduate programs, say leaders in American neuroscience education, funding, and policy.

Combination of cells and genes repairs damaged heart tissues in animal models of MI
A study comparing the therapeutic potential of umbilical cord-derived sub-epithelial cells, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes -- all derived from human tissue -- along with genes (S100a1 and SDF-1a) and growth factor (VEGF165) to evaluate how injected biologics might enhance cardiac function in mice modeled with myocardial infarction, revealed beneficial results depending on which aspect of cardiac recovery was being evaluated.

New study reveals the worldwide reach of social entrepreneurship
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor's Special Report on Social Entrepreneurship shows social entrepreneurs are starting businesses in all the major regions of the world -- with more entrepreneurs focusing on doing good -- rather than solely making a profit.

Ironing out the mystery of Earth's magnetic field
The Earth's magnetic field has been existing for at least 3.4 billion years thanks to the low heat conduction capability of iron in the planet's core.

17 million women/children tasked with household water collection in 24 African countries
Nearly 17 million women and children (mostly girls) in 24 sub-Saharan African countries are responsible for hauling water long distances to their homes, a task that takes them more than 30 minutes per trip, according to a study published today in the journal PLOS ONE.

Study finds evidence of racial and class discrimination among psychotherapists
A new study suggests that psychotherapists discriminate against prospective patients who are black or working class.

Ancient Wari Empire likely did not cause large shifts in population genetic diversity
The imperial dominance of the ancient Wari Empire at the Huaca Pucllana site in Lima, Peru, was likely not achieved through population replacement, according to a study published June 1, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Guido Valverde from the University of Adelaide, Australia, and colleagues.

Preparing students for college challenges reduces inequality
Incoming college students, especially students of color and first-generation college students, who anticipate challenges and recognize these as normal and temporary are more likely to remain enrolled full time and receive better grades, according to a study led by a psychology researcher at The University of Texas at Austin.

The art and science of promotional pricing
Normal rules of economic behavior would dictate that free upgrades to a particular product would move it out the door in record numbers.

Historic university collaboration launched to discover new medicines
A newly launched $80 million enterprise marks a unique collaboration between Monash University and the University of Melbourne in the field of biomedical research.

More adults accept and have had same-sex experiences
Reflecting rapidly changing cultural attitudes in the United States toward sexuality, a new study finds that the percentage of adults who have had sex with people from their same gender has doubled since the 1990s.

New devices, wearable system aim to predict, prevent asthma attacks
Researchers have developed an integrated, wearable system that monitors a user's environment, heart rate and other physical attributes with the goal of predicting and preventing asthma attacks.

Nanocars taken for a rough ride
Rice University and North Carolina State University researchers characterize how single-molecule nanocars move in open air.

Spinning electrons yield positrons for research
A team of researchers has successfully demonstrated a new method for producing a beam of polarized positrons, a method that could enable a wide range of applications and research, such as improved product manufacturing and polarized positron beams to power breakthrough scientific research.

Water yields from southern Appalachian watersheds in decline since the 1970s
Newly published research from the US Forest Service shows water yields from unmanaged forested watersheds in the southern Appalachian Mountains declining by up to 22 percent a year since the 1970s.

CRFR1 -- only for emergencies
A stress receptor in the brain is found to regulate metabolic responses to stressful situations differently in male and female mice.

Shifting bird distribution indicates a changing Arctic
Shifts in the distribution of Spectacled Eiders, a predatory bird at the top of the Bering Sea's benthic food web, indicate possible changes in the Arctic's marine ecosystem, according to new research in The Condor: Ornithological Applications.

Male orb-weaving spiders cannibalized by females may be choosy about mating
In a colonial orb-weaving spider, Cyrtophora citricola, females often eat the males after mating, but it is often the males that choose their mates, according a study published June 1, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Eric Yip from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel, and colleagues.

Employers want college grads to have strong oral skills, ISU study finds
Many college graduates are starting new careers. Regardless of their field or profession, employers say new employees need strong oral and interpersonal skills to be successful.

Seaweed could potentially help fight food allergies
Seaweed has long been a staple food in many Asian countries and has recently caught on as a snack food in America as a healthful alternative to chips.

Purdue team finds convection could produce Pluto's polygons
On Pluto, icebergs floating in a sea of nitrogen ice are key to a possible explanation of the quilted appearance of the Sputnik Planum region of the dwarf planet's surface.

Astronomers smash cosmic records to see hydrogen in distant galaxy
An international team of scientists has pushed the limits of radio astronomy to detect a faint signal emitted by hydrogen gas in a galaxy more than five billion light years away -- almost double the previous record.

AAA reveals top driving distractions for teens as '100 Deadliest Days' begin
New research by the AAA Foundation of Traffic Safety looks into the causes of teen crashes.

Humboldt Research Fellow Muhammad Asif Qureshi to conduct research at Mainz U Med Center
The goal of tumor immunologist Dr. Muhammad Asif Qureshi is to develop immune mediated approaches to combat cancers.

Slowing of landslide flows reflects California's drying climate
Merged data from on-the-ground measurements, aerial photography, satellite imagery and satellite-radar imaging have unveiled an unexpected geological consequence of northern California's ongoing drought.

Scientists discover and test new class of pain relievers
A Duke research team has discovered a potential new class of small-molecule drugs that simultaneously inhibit two sought-after targets in the treatment of pain, the ion channels TRPV4 and TRPA1.

Scripps Florida scientists create compound that erases disease-causing RNA defect
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have for the first time created a drug candidate that attacks and neutralizes the RNA structure that causes an incurable progressive, inherited disease involving a gradual loss of control over body movement.

Imaging biomarker distinguishes prostate cancer tumor grade
Physicians have long used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect cancer but results of a University of California San Diego School of Medicine study describe the potential use of restriction spectrum imaging (RSI) as an imaging biomarker that enhances the ability of MRI to differentiate aggressive prostate cancer from low-grade or benign tumors and guide treatment and biopsy.

USGS assesses carbon potential of Alaska lands
Through geologic time the cold temperatures of Alaska have led to the storage of vast quantities of soil and biomass carbon.

PROSPECT experiment's search for sterile neutrinos garners $3 million DOE grant
An experiment led by Yale University with partners from four US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories, including Brookhaven National Laboratory, and 10 universities will explore key questions about elusive particles called neutrinos with potential application for improving nuclear reactor safety.

How the names of organisms help to turn 'small data' into 'Big Data'
Innovation in 'Big Data' helps address problems that were previously overwhelming.

Clinical trial will test use of MRI to improve prostate cancer diagnosis and management
The Movember Foundation, the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research and Prostate Cancer Canada today announced $3 million in funding for a new Phase III clinical trial to evaluate if magnetic resonance imaging can replace the current standard of care to diagnose prostate cancer.

Workplace well-being linked to senior leadership support, new survey finds
Despite the prevalence of workplace wellness efforts, only one-third of American workers say they regularly participate in the health promotion programs provided by their employer, according to a new survey by the American Psychological Association.

New insights into muscular dystrophy point to potential treatment avenues
Certain stem cells in our bodies have the potential to turn into either fat or muscle.

Brainwaves could be the next health vital sign
Simon Fraser University researchers hope that a brain vital-sign test becomes as routine during a doctor's check-up as taking a blood pressure or heart rate measurement. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to