Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 02, 2016
Scientists discover oldest plant root stem cells
Scientists at Oxford University have discovered the oldest known population of plant root stem cells in a 320 million-year-old fossil.

MSU physicist develops new model for speed and motion of solar flares
A Montana State University physicist who has developed a new model that predicts the speed of solar plasma during solar flares, likening it to the path traveled by a thrown baseball, will present his findings at the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society conference being held this week in Boulder, Colorado.

Detecting an early biomarker for pancreatic cancer in blood
In this issue of JCI Insight, a group of researchers led by Motoyuki Otsuka at the University of Tokyo describe a pilot study of a new method for detecting a pancreatic cancer biomarker in patient serum.

The rules of the game for children with ADHD
Researchers use a game-based experiment to understand how children with ADHD react to changing situations.

Reading between the genes
For a long time dismissed as 'junk DNA,' we now know that also the regions between the genes fulfill vital functions.

International trial changing standard of care for advanced breast cancer
Surgery to remove the primary tumor in women diagnosed with stage IV breast cancer, followed by the standard combination of therapies, adds months to the patients' lives, compared with standard therapy alone, an international clinical trial led by a University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute professor revealed.

Pregnant women may need more information about medicine use
Pregnant women overestimate the risks of taking over the counter and prescribed medication.

Capita forms exclusive partnership with BMJ to enhance patient care
Capita Healthcare Decisions and global knowledge provider, BMJ have agreed an exclusive partnership to combine clinical decision support tool, BMJ Best Practice, with Capita's internationally renowned clinical decision support software and triage solutions.

New free web service for deep study of cell functions
Scientists from Russia, US, Canada and Germany have developed a simple and effective web service that enables a better understanding of cell functions by identifying links between changes in metabolism and gene expression.

Mayo Clinic uncovers how 1 gene, protein suppresses tumor formation
Pten (short for phosphatase and tensin homolog) is a tumor suppressor that is defective in about 20-25 percent of all patients with cancers.

Discovering how cyanobacteria form patterns for nitrogen fixation
Scientists at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) have analyzed the process of nitrogen fixation by cyanobacteria, creating a mathematical model which allows to understand the patterns they form.

The EU to remain the once and future ruler in a global economy?
Although the United Kingdom is considering leaving the European Union and other economic players, such as China, are emerging, researchers suggest that the EU is -- and will remain -- a dominant player in the world's business arena.

Prosthetic limb LegBank receives $1m Google grant
Prosthetic limbs made with technology developed at the University of Strathclyde are to become more readily available through a $1 million grant from

Genetically modified Golden Rice falls short on lifesaving promises
Heralded on the cover of Time magazine in 2000 as a genetically modified (GMO) crop with the potential to save millions of lives in the Third World, Golden Rice is still years away from field introduction and even then, may fall short of lofty health benefits still cited regularly by GMO advocates, suggests a new study from Washington University in St.

Prevention may be essential to reducing racial disparities in stroke
Blacks between the ages of 45 and 54 die of strokes at a rate that is three times greater than their white counterparts, according to the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, which looked at stroke incidence and mortality of nearly 30,000 participants over the age of 45.

CNIO scientists have created mice with hyper-long telomeres without altering the genes
The Telomeres and Telomerase Group at the CNIO has succeeded in creating mice in the laboratory with hyper-long telomeres and with reduced molecular ageing, avoiding the use of genetic manipulation.

Study reveals incarceration's hidden wounds for African-American men
There's a stark and troubling way that incarceration diminishes the ability of a former inmate to empathize with a loved one behind bars, but existing sociological theories fail to capture it, Vanderbilt University sociologists have found.

Swirling ammonia lies below Jupiter's thick clouds
Using radio waves, astronomers have been able to peer through Jupiter's thick clouds, gaining insights into the gas giant's atmosphere, a new study reports.

New mouse models give a boost to the development of cancer immunotherapies
A new cancer treatment called CD40 inhibitor has yielded disappointing results when tested in clinical trials, failing to mobilize patients' immune system against tumors the way it was expected to.

Microplastics alter hatching, growth and feeding of European perch
Exposure to high concentrations of plastic particles inhibits hatching, decreases growth rates, and alters feeding preferences of European perch larvae, a new study shows, as well as prevents the fish from responding to predatory cues.

3-D-printed weather stations fill gaps in developing world
Scientists have successfully installed the first wave of low-cost weather stations that are designed to provide critically needed information to farmers and other residents in developing countries.

Healing function of sweat glands declines with age
A group of scientists and dermatologists are now looking at the role sweat glands play in how aging skin recovers from wounds.

Scientists reconstruct the history of asteroid collisions
An international study, in which Spain's National Research Council (CSIC) participates, reveals that asteroids have endured a multitude of impact strikes since their formation 4,565 million years ago.

Topical skin creams effective to treat superficial basal cell carcinoma: New study
Basal cell carcinoma is one of the most common cancers and its incidence is increasing worldwide, putting a significant burden on health services.

3-D printing of patterned membranes opens door to rapid advances in membrane technology
A new type of 3-D printing will make it possible for the first time to rapidly prototype and test polymer membranes that are patterned for improved performance, according to Penn State researchers.

$10 million endowment for health disparities work
A major award from the National Institutes of Health will help San Diego State University build its capacity to conduct pioneering public health research for many years to come.

Scientists experimentally confirm electron model in complex molecules
In 1998 scientists Richard Bader and Carlo Gatti proposed a mathematical model, describing the distribution of delocalized electrons in molecules.

Watch your step -- blur affects stepping accuracy in older adults
Visual blurring -- like that produced by bifocals or multifocal lenses -- may cause errors in foot position when walking.

Scientists identify mutation that causes muffs and beards to grow on chickens
The growth of long facial feathers, creating the appearance of muffs and beards on chickens, is caused by a chromosomal rearrangement affecting a gene involved in feather development, report Xiaoxiang Hu of the China Agricultural University in Beijing and colleagues, in a new study published on June 2 in PLOS Genetics.

Renal dopamine signaling prevents kidney injury and improves blood pressure in mice
In this issue of JCI Insight, Prasad Konkalmatt and colleagues at George Washington University and the University of Maryland Medical School demonstrate that expression of the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) protects mice against kidney injury and hypertension.

Highly tuned catalytic controls
You could think of bioorthogonal chemistry as a discreet valet or concierge that steers two world leaders to a private meeting without making noise or trouble along the way.

A CRISPR system for editing RNA
Researchers including Feng Zhang have confirmed that a bacterial protein hypothesized as a tool for targeted editing of RNA, similar to how CRISPR-Cas9 targets DNA, can indeed be used as an alternate editing approach.

Did ancient wolves befriend humans twice?
The genome of an ancient dog, described in a new study, informs upon the demography and domestication of man's best friend.

Dentin nanostructures -- a super-natural phenomenon
Dentin is one of the most durable biological materials in the human body.

Pulmonary artery stiffening is an early driver of pulmonary hypertension
In this issue of JCI Insight, a team led by Laura Fredenburgh of Brigham and Women's Hospital shows that alterations in pulmonary arterial stiffness occur early during disease and promote vascular remodeling by altering signaling mediated by prostaglandins, a class of hormones that regulate inflammation, smooth muscle contraction, and vasoconstrictoin.

USDA awards more than $14.5 million to support plant health and resilience research
The US Department of Agriculture today awarded more than $14.5 million in grants to support research into plant health, production and resilience.

Survey describes values, challenges of largest shareholder in US forests: Families
Family forest ownerships control 286 million acres of forestland, or 36 percent of the nation's forestland.

Finely tuned electrical fields give wound healing a jolt
A new research report appearing in the June 2016 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, opens up the possibility that small electrical currents might activate certain immune cells to jumpstart or speed wound healing.

Scientific breakthrough in sports nutrition to change the game for endurance athletes
Breakthrough research, to be presented today at the American College of Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting and published in the Journal of the American Medical Athletic Association later this month, has led to the development of a revolutionary new sports shot, HOTSHOT™, that is scientifically proven to prevent and treat muscle cramps by stopping them where they start: at the nerve.

Olfactory receptor discovered in pigment cells of the skin
Pioneering researchers provided proof of an odorant receptor in pigment-producing cells in the human skin, so-called melanocytes.

Tiny lasers enable next-gen microprocessors to run faster, less power-hungry
A group of scientists from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology; the University of California, Santa Barbara; Sandia National Laboratories and Harvard University were able to fabricate tiny lasers directly on silicon -- a huge breakthrough for the semiconductor industry and well beyond.

Study: Attitudes toward women key in higher rates of sexual assault by athletes
An online study of male undergraduates shows that more than half of study participants on intercollegiate and recreational athletic teams -- and more than one-third of non-athletes -- reported engaging in sexual coercion, including rape.

Dietary supplement may prevent and reverse severe damage to aging brain, research suggests
A dietary supplement containing a blend of 30 vitamins and minerals -- all natural ingredients widely available in health food stores -- has shown remarkable anti-aging properties that can prevent and even reverse massive brain cell loss, according to new research from McMaster University.

Researchers unlock new CRISPR system for targeting RNA
Researchers from the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the National Institutes of Health, Rutgers University- New Brunswick and the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology have characterized a new CRISPR system that targets RNA, rather than DNA.

Pick me! Pick me! How genes are selected to create diverse immune cell receptors
Use of a new technique developed at the Babraham Institute has allowed researchers to take an in-depth look at the gene shuffling process that is responsible for our body's ability to recognise a vast range of foreign agents such as disease-causing microorganisms (pathogens).

How the Great Recession weighed on children
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers have found that increases in unemployment in California during the Great Recession were associated with an increased risk for weight gain among the state's 1.7 million public school students, suggesting that economic troubles could have long-term health consequences for children.

Emergent, NSF-funded biotech at 2016 BIO Innovation Zone
The US health care system has a tremendous need for novel high- (and low-) tech solutions to increase its quality, agility and affordability.

Quantum satellite device tests technology for global quantum network
Researchers at the National University of Singapore and University of Strathclyde, UK, report first data from a satellite that is testing technology for a global quantum network.

Declining dopamine may explain why older people take fewer risks
Older people are less willing to take risks for potential rewards and this may be due to declining levels of dopamine in the brain, finds a new UCL study of over 25,000 people funded by Wellcome.

Exoplanet exploring researchers land at Cornell June 13-14
Young researchers in exoplanet science will present research and discuss emerging ideas in the field at the second annual Emerging Researchers in Exoplanet Science Symposium (ERES), to be held at Cornell University June 13-14.

Mice on wheels show scientists how exercise benefits their brains
The relentless desire by mice to run on cage 'exercise' wheels has helped explain at a molecular level how exercise benefits a mammal's brain.

Scientists gain supervolcano insights from Wyoming granite
A new National Science Foundation-funded study by University of Wyoming researchers suggests that scientists can go back into the past to study the solidified magma chambers where erosion has removed the overlying rock, exposing granite underpinnings.

Stress hormone link with psychosis
James Cook University researchers have established a link between levels of the stress hormone cortisol and psychosis, which could help identify people at greatest risk of developing the severe mental disorder.

Lack of diagnosis creates added risks for those with dementia
A Johns Hopkins study on data from more than 7,000 older Americans has found that those who show signs of probable dementia but are not yet formally diagnosed are nearly twice as likely as those with such a diagnosis to engage in potentially unsafe activities, such as driving, cooking, and managing finances and medications.

Cell insights shed light on how muscle-wasting disease takes hold
Insights into how our cells control muscle development could aid understanding of muscular dystrophy and other inherited diseases.

Inflammation of the placenta interferes with fetal development
Preeclampsia is one of the most common complications to occur during pregnancy, yet its causes are still unknown.

Prodding leukemia cells with nanoprobes could provide cancer clues
Giving blood cells a gentle squeeze can reveal a great deal about their health.

Study provides new clues to leukemia resurgence after chemotherapy
For the first time, researchers have discovered that some leukemia cells harvest energy resources from normal cells during chemotherapy, helping the cancer cells not only to survive, but actually thrive, after treatment.

European identity continues to grow
Despite the recent crises in the EU, citizens increasingly identify themselves as European compared to recent decades.

Researchers mine Twitter to reveal Congress' ideological divide on climate change
Senate Democrats are three times more likely to follow science-related Twitter accounts than their Republican peers, according to a new study led by Northeastern's Brian Helmuth.

When 'smart' apps become smart for real
How can a smart application recognise and reason about a human's purposeful activities in order to be able to coach in a purposeful way?

Skaggs family gives $2 million for new TSRI graduate program endowment
The Skaggs family has given a new $2 million gift to support exceptional students in The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) graduate program.

Differences in how ALS affects eye and limb muscles act as clue
In an effort to better understand what happens during Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), researchers at Umea University in Sweden have compared the impact of ALS on the eye and limb muscles.

High-throughput, sensitive approach helps reveal what's 'real' in genome-wide association data
Tackling one of the key challenges facing current human genetics, two multi-institutional research teams have demonstrated a tool that should help untangle which genetic variants actually create risk for heart disease, diabetes and a host of other diseases.

UMass Amherst research tackles major highbush blueberry disease
As New England's blueberry season approaches, University of Massachusetts Amherst doctoral candidate Matt Boyer says a fungal pathogen of highbush blueberries known as mummy berry is a common threat to growers, and if left untreated can destroy up to 50 percent of a crop.

NASA looks at rainfall in Texas and Oklahoma flooding
NASA's Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) calculated rainfall that occurred over a week and caused major flooding in Texas and Oklahoma, as well as soaking rains in South Carolina from Tropical Depression Bonnie.

Unusual combo reduces health risk from atypical antipsychotic
Data mining study shows that taking vitamin D ameliorates the risk of developing new-onset diabetes from atypical antipsychotics like quetiapine.

How to ride on brainwaves: From ideas to business
Anil Sethi started working for two cups of coffee per day when he began his first startup.

Singing in the rain: A new species of rain frog from Manu National Park, Amazonian Peru
A new rain frog species from southern Peru is reported by a team of herpetologists from Peru and the USA in a paper published in the open access journal ZooKeys.

Bionic leaf turns sunlight into liquid fuel
A cross-disciplinary team at Harvard University has created a system that uses solar energy to split water molecules and hydrogen-eating bacteria to produce liquid fuels.

Training the brains that explore brains: Experts call for change in neuroscience education
Call them the Brain Generation -- the tens of thousands of college and graduate students working toward degrees in neuroscience, who have grown up in a time when exciting new discoveries about the brain come out every day.

Cancer cells become more aggressive from fat storage
It has been established that not all cancer cells are equally aggressive -- most can be neutralised with radiation and chemotherapy.

The pond scum that can kill (video)
You've probably seen that pesky greenish stuff floating on lakes and ponds.

Men who have sex with men in small cities less likely to be tested for HIV
Men who live outside major Canadian cities and have sex with other men are less likely to get an HIV test than their metropolitan counterparts, a UBC study shows.

20,000 people helping discover new tests and treatments for diabetic kidney disease
Researchers at Queen's University Belfast are to examine DNA samples from 20,000 people with diabetes to help identify the genetic factors in diabetic kidney disease, the leading cause of kidney failure worldwide.

Underwater 'lost city' found to be geological formation
New research reveals how an underwater 'lost city' has been found to be a geological formation.

Novel immunotherapy approach shows promise in blood cancers
Cancer researchers show that injecting substances that mimic tumor-cell DNA into the bloodstream can stimulate the STING pathway to provoke a life-extending immune response in mice with acute myeloid leukemia.

American Gut Project expands to Asia
University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers are expanding the American Gut Project into Asia.

New review investigates the health benefit of contact with the natural environment
A team of Cochrane authors based in the UK has carried out a review investigating the health benefit of contact with the natural environment.

Stanford University neurologist recognized for multiple sclerosis research
The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and its medical journal, Molecular Medicine, announced today that the fifth Anthony Cerami Award in Translational Medicine will be conferred to Lawrence Steinman, M.D., professor of neurology and neurological sciences, pediatrics and genetics at Stanford University.

Stem cells shown safe, beneficial for chronic stroke patients, clinical trial finds
Injecting modified, human, adult stem cells directly into the brains of chronic stroke patients proved not only safe but effective in restoring motor function, according to the findings of a small clinical trial led by Stanford University School of Medicine investigators.

Northeastern researchers find that Amazon might not always be pitching you the best prices
A team led by Northeastern University's Christo Wilson shows that Amazon is much more likely to point buyers to sellers who use an automated practice called algorithmic pricing, even though those sellers' prices may be higher than others'.

Termites: Asexual succession strategy
A study led by the Laboratory Evolutionary Biology and Ecology of the Université libre de Bruxelles shows that the humivorous French Guianan termite Cavitermes tuberosus routinely practice asexual queen succession (parthenogenesis).

Patient trial confirms Wearable Artificial Kidney proof of concept
The results of an exploratory clinical trial indicate that a wearable artificial kidney could be developed as a viable, new dialysis technology.

Moonlighting enzyme protects against degenerative brain disease
In a study publishing in PLOS Biology this week, Yousuf Ali, Hui-Chen Lu, and colleagues at Indiana University have found evidence that an enzyme known as NMNAT2 may help protect against the debilitating effects of certain degenerative brain diseases, including Alzheimer's.

FTIR and microarrays: Enabling more information from less sample
By using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), researchers at the Center for Structural Biology and Bioinformatics, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium can greatly increase the amount of information that can be extracted from a protein microarray.

'Bitter brake' activates gut hormones and suppresses food intake
New research presented at the European Obesity Summit in Gothenburg (1-4 June) shows that a New Zealand produced bitter plant extract can supress food intake by stimulating the secretion of gut peptide hormones involved in appetite regulation.

Nanotubes' 'stuffing' as is
Marianna Kharlamova (the Lomonosov Moscow State University Department of Materials Science) examined different types of carbon nanotubes' 'stuffing' and classified them according to the influence on the properties of the nanotubes.

Repurposing an old drug to treat cystic fibrosis airway disease
In this issue of JCI Insight, Joseph Zabner and colleagues at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine examined the effect of tromethamine, a drug that is currently approved to treat metabolic acidosis, on airway surface liquid pH and bacterial killing activity.

New clues found to immune system's misfiring in autoimmune diseases
A person's genetic makeup plays a role in autoimmune diseases that develop when the body is attacked by its own immune system.

Americans need easier access, more affordable options for hearing health care -- new report
Hearing loss is a significant public health concern, and efforts should be made to provide adults with easier access to and more affordable options for hearing health care, especially for those in underserved and vulnerable populations, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Microplastic particles threaten fish larvae
In a new study, published in Science, researchers from Uppsala University found that larval fish exposed to microplastic particles during development displayed changed behaviors and stunted growth which lead to greatly increased mortality rates.

Intervention methods of stroke need to focus on prevention for blacks to reduce stroke mortality
Blacks are four times more likely than their white counterparts to die from stroke at age 45.

NASA studies details of a greening Arctic
The northern reaches of North America are getting greener, according to a NASA study that provides the most detailed look yet at plant life across Alaska and Canada.

Wiretapping the senses
Sensory information enters the brain at the primary sensory cortex, where they are processed by different layers of cells in ways that ultimately influence an animal's perception and behavioral response.

Genetic diversity important for plant survival when nitrogen inputs increase
Genetic diversity is important for plant species to persist in Northern forests that experience human nitrogen inputs.

Rare eye disease that struck Oliver Sacks gives rise to new cancer treatment strategy
Eye cancer took the life of author and neurologist Oliver Sacks last year, bringing attention to the rare, hard-to-treat disease.

Scientists need your help to spot ladybirds
Scientists are calling on people who are out in their garden this summer to take part in The Ladybird Challenge and help discover how far an alien ladybird species in the UK is affecting other insects, including a wasp parasite.

A new energy source within the cells
Scientists at the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, Spain, find evidence of a new energy source within cell nucleus.

Study finds that higher BMI and waist circumference are associated with increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer
A study of almost 150,000 men from eight European countries, presented at this year's European Obesity Summit (Gothenburg, June 1-4) shows that higher body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference are associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer.

Study of UK diabetic patients suggests obesity surgery could save National Health Service almost £100,000 per patient
A small study presented at this year's European Obesity Summit in Gothenburg (June 1-4) shows that obese patients with type 2 diabetes who have obesity surgery could save the UK National Health Service around £95,000 per patient across his or her lifetime, mostly due to savings on future medication costs due to remission of diabetes.

New study finds that vaccinating mothers against flu can protect newborns
Each year, influenza causes between 250,000 and half a million deaths around the world.

New in the Hastings Center Report
Implicit Cognition and Gifts: How Does Social Psychology Help Us Think Differently about Medical Practice?

New S$30 million national center to speed up commercialisation of separation technologies
Singapore has set up its first national center to develop and commercialise innovative separation and filtration technologies, such as membranes, and to make them easier for companies to adopt.

IU-led brain study suggests new ways to protect against neurodegeneration
A study published June 2 in the journal PLOS Biology led by biomedical researchers at Indiana University has found evidence that an enzyme known as NMNAT2 may help protect against the debilitating effects of certain degenerative brain diseases, including Alzheimer's.

How to organize a cell: Novel insight from a fungus
University of Exeter researchers have found novel insight into the ways cells organise themselves.

Low risk of dengue infection predicted for foreign visitors to Rio Olympics
Three months before the opening of the Rio de Janeiro Summer Olympics, a group of researchers at University of São Paulo's Medical School (FM-USP) used a mathematical model to calculate the risk of dengue acquisition by the 400,000-odd foreign visitors expected to attend.

Genetic code of red blood cells discovered
Eight days. Tha's how long it takes for skin cells to reprogram into red blood cells.

Two-drug immunotherapy deemed safe for lung cancer patients, Moffitt study shows
A new Moffitt Cancer Center study being presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting in Chicago and published in The Lancet Oncology shows that utilizing the immunotherapeutic agents nivolumab and ipilimumab could lead to more effective treatment options for SCLC patients who fail initial therapy.

Cancer survivors: A growing population
New report finds more than 15.5 million Americans alive with a history of cancer in 2016, a number that is projected to reach more than 20 million by 2026.

Frailty among young bone marrow transplant survivors increases risk of death
The prevalence of frailty in young bone marrow transplant survivors is similar to that seen in the elderly population and frailty is associated with an increased risk of subsequent death, according to a new study published online by JAMA Oncology.

Current apps on weight management have not been certified by health authorities and there are no published data on their effectiveness
Overweight and obese people are turning to a multitude of smartphone apps to help them lose weight.

Stampede 2 drives the frontiers of science and engineering forward
The National Science Foundation announced a $30 million award to the Texas Advanced Computing Center at The University of Texas at Austin to acquire and deploy a new large scale supercomputing system, Stampede 2, as a strategic national resource to provide high-performance computing capabilities for thousands of researchers across the US.

Gut microbes' metabolite dampens proliferation of intestinal stem cells
New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

ANSYS and Carnegie Mellon University partner to drive the next industrial revolution
ANSYS and Carnegie Mellon University partner to drive the next Industrial Revolution in making physical products.

Prevention is key to closing racial disparity gap in stroke
Middle aged African-Americans are more likely to die of stroke than are whites, not because of differences in care after stroke, but because blacks are having more strokes.

Researchers convert cirrhosis-causing cells to healthy liver cells in mice
A team of researchers led by UC San Francisco scientists has demonstrated in mice that it is possible to generate healthy new liver cells within the organ itself, making engraftment unnecessary.

Two UTSA professors receive grants to support innovative top-tier research
Yufei Huang and David Akopian, professors of electrical and computer engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), have each received a $100,000 grant to support their top-tier healthcare research.

Study of almost 49,000 obese patients shows that mortality is much lower in those who have obesity surgery compared with those who don't
A study of almost 49,000 obese patients shows that those who do not have obesity surgery are much more likely to die from any cause than those who do have surgery, after an average of five year's follow-up.

Florida drug database and 'Pill Mill' reg curbed state's top opioid prescribers
In the first year that two Florida laws aimed at curbing opioid prescriptions were in effect, the state's top opioid prescribers wrote significantly fewer prescriptions of this type of pain medication, a new analysis led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds.

Genetic variant may help predict risk of kidney damage after heart surgery
A common genetic variant that is present in approximately 40 percent of Caucasian individuals was linked with an increased risk of kidney damage after heart surgery.

Scientists find surprising magnetic excitations in a metallic compound
Scientists have found magnetic excitations in a metallic compound whose main source of magnetism is the orbital movement of its electrons.

At the cradle of oxygen: Brand-new detector to reveal the interiors of stars
The most intense source of gamma radiation constructed to date will soon become operational at the ELI Nuclear Physics research facility.

Nine scientific pioneers to receive the 2016 Kavli Prizes
Nine pioneering scientists from Germany, Switzerland, the UK and the USA have been named this year's recipients of the Kavli Prizes -- prizes that recognize scientists for their seminal advances in astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience.

Meta-lens works in the visible spectrum, sees smaller than a wavelength of light
Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have demonstrated the first planar lens that works with high efficiency within the visible spectrum of light -- covering the whole range of colors from red to blue.

We've got tapeworms and scabies! And reproducible research
Two new research papers on scabies and tapeworms published in the Open Access journal GigaScience also include a collaboration with

Researchers uncover how 'silent'genetic changes drive cancer
Small molecules called tRNA, whose job is to help translate genes into proteins, are not usually considered important for understanding the causes of disease.

Dogs were domesticated not once, but twice ... in different parts of the world
A large international team of scientists compared genetic data with existing archaeological evidence and show that man's best friend may have emerged independently from two separate (possibly now extinct) wolf populations that lived on opposite sides of the Eurasian continent.

Web panels build customer loyalty
Customers who are asked to participate in retailer-sponsored Web panels feel valued by being invited to take part and tend to express their gratitude by buying more and across more different product categories.

American Academy of Sleep Medicine announces 2016 award recipients
Today the American Academy of Sleep Medicine announced the recipients of the 2016 AASM awards, which will be presented on Monday, June 13, during the plenary session of the SLEEP 2016 Anniversary Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC in Denver.

Brain power
Neuroscience researchers identify a gene critical for human brain development and unravel how it works.

Hubble finds Universe may be expanding faster than expected
Astronomers have used Hubble to measure the distances to stars in nineteen galaxies more accurately than previously possible.

Scripps Florida scientists discover a new protein crucial to normal forgetting
A new study by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute Florida campus uncovers a new aspect of how the process forgetting works, indicating a protein called 'Scribble' orchestrates the intracellular signaling processes for forgetting, joining several molecules to forge a pathway.

How to price goods and service bundles
For consumers with two left thumbs, purchasing a product that comes with installation included makes a lot of sense.

Tobacco control experts awarded NCI grant
MUSC Hollings Cancer Center tobacco control researchers have been awarded an NCI grant to study the impact of government policies on the evolving nicotine delivery market, including the use of e-cigarettes.

Walnuts may improve your colon health
Eating walnuts may change gut bacteria in a way that suppresses colon cancer, researchers led by UConn Health report in the journal Cancer Prevention Research.

Commercial weight-loss programs: Evidence of benefits for diabetics still too scarce
Johns Hopkins scientists who indirectly investigated the blood sugar effects of 10 (out of 32 selected) commercial weight loss programs say a few show promise of benefit for diabetic patients, but far more rigorous research is needed before doctors can wholeheartedly recommend them.

Finding the real treasure of the Incas: Two new frog species from an unexplored region
Inaccessibility and mysticism surrounding the mist-veiled mountains of the central Andes make this region promising to hide treasures.

New radio map of Jupiter reveals what's beneath colorful clouds
Using the upgraded Very Large Array, UC Berkeley astronomers have produced a detailed radio map of the upper 100 kilometers of Jupiter's atmosphere, revealing the complex movement of ammonia gas that shapes the colorful clouds observed in the optical.

NASA's Hubble finds universe is expanding faster than expected
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have discovered that the universe is expanding 5 percent to 9 percent faster than expected.

Novel compound shows promise against breast cancer
A promising new compound appears to impede a process that fuels breast cancer in mice, a discovery that could have implications in the treatment of a host of cancers.

NASA sees a redeveloped Tropical Depression Bonnie over North Carolina
On the morning of June 2, the National Hurricane Center reported that post-tropical cyclone Bonnie has redeveloped into a tropical depression and was moving over the North Carolina Outer Banks.

Use of neighborhood environment can help overweight adolescents increase physical activity
A program encouraging overweight or obese adolescents to increase their physical activity through use of their everyday environment, rather than organized classes or sports programs, produced significant increases in daily physical activity that were sustained for at least three to four months. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to