Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 07, 2016
Pneumococcal vaccine watches bacteria, strikes only when needed
Conventional vaccines indiscriminately destroy bacteria and other disease-causing agents. The approach works, but there is growing concern that it creates opportunity other pathogens to harm the body -- similar to antibiotic resistance resulting in new and more potent pathogens.

Anti-epileptic drug linked to birth defects when taken with other drugs
In an analysis of pregnancies in Australia from 1999 to 2014 in which women were taking anti-epileptic drugs, fetal malformation rates fell over time in pregnancies where only one drug was taken, but rates increased in pregnancies where multiple drugs were taken.

Mayo Clinic to grow Rochester research footprint by 2 million square feet
Mayo Clinic announced the next major step in realizing Destination Medical Center's (DMC) vision of creating Discovery Square, a first-of-its-kind urban bioresearch campus that brings together renowned physicians, researchers, scientists and entrepreneurs to address unmet patient needs in an ultramodern setting for science innovation.

Stress exposure during pregnancy observed in mothers of children with autism
Stress during pregnancy has been linked to several conditions, including some instances of autism spectrum disorder.

Glass now has smart potential
Australian researchers at the University of Adelaide have developed a method for embedding light-emitting nanoparticles into glass without losing any of their unique properties -- a major step towards 'smart glass' applications such as 3-D display screens or remote radiation sensors.

Coral reefs fall victim to overfishing, pollution aggravated by ocean warming
Coral reefs are declining around the world because a combination of factors -- overfishing, nutrient pollution, and pathogenic disease -- ultimately become deadly in the face of higher ocean temperatures, researchers have concluded.

'Foreign' crops dominate national food consumption and farming practices worldwide
The origins of over two-thirds of the grains, legumes, fruits, vegetables, and other agricultural crops countries grow and consume can be traced to ancient breadbaskets in distant parts of the world, according to an exhaustive peer-reviewed report published today.

An update on natural products with carbonic anhydrase inhibitory activity
Karioti et al., in their research article on natural and semi-synthetic CA inhibitors (or CAIs) recently published in Current Pharmaceutical Design, examine the mechanisms of CAI action at the molecular level.

Survival correlation for low versus high enrolling institutions for patients with LA-NSCLC
A secondary analysis of NRG Oncology's clinical trial RTOG 0617, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, was initiated in an effort to evaluate the effect of institution accrual volume on clinical outcomes among patients receiving chemoradiation for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC).

Mayo clinic first to implant device to solve fecal incontinence
JACKSONVILLE, Fla. -- A clinical team on Mayo Clinic's Florida campus is the first to offer four patients with long-term fecal incontinence a new and potentially long-lasting treatment -- a small band of interlinked magnetic titanium beads on a titanium string that successfully mimics the function of the anal sphincter.

Study examines unsafe behaviors in older adults who likely have dementia
Older adults who likely have dementia but have not been given the diagnosis are more likely to engage in potentially unsafe activities, new research suggests.

New research on snakes may provide insights on evolution
Pythons and boas are distantly related, but new research indicates that they have evolved convergent physical characteristics when living in similar habitats -- meaning that they evolved similar solutions to similar problems.

New cheap method of surveying landscapes can capture environmental change
Cheap cameras on drones can be used to measure environmental change which affects billions of people around the world, new research from the University of Exeter shows.

Coral killers
New work from a UCSB field ecologist shows how rising ocean temperatures are potentially lethal for coral reefs.

Japan OISTER collaboration uncovers the origin of extraordinary supernovae
Using data obtained through OISTER collaboration in Japan, Masayuki Yamanaka, Konan University, and col?eagues demonstrated that the origin of extraordinary supernovae can be explained by the 'accretion scenario.' The researchers discovered an anomalously strong infrared emission from 'the extraordinary supernova' SN 2012dn, which has never been observed in other Type Ia supernovae to date.

Fish can recognize human faces, new research shows
A species of tropical fish has been shown to be able to distinguish between human faces.

Constrain the composition of Earth's interior with elasticity of minerals
The new method, which reduces the computational loads to one-tenth of the traditional method, has been used to calculate the elastic data of many minerals with the comparable precise as those on the basis of the traditional method.

Mobilizing mitochondria may be key to regenerating damaged neurons
Researchers at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke have discovered that boosting the transport of mitochondria along neuronal axons enhances the ability of mouse nerve cells to repair themselves after injury.

Marriage could improve heart attack survival and reduce hospital stay
Being married could improve your likelihood of surviving a heart attack and is associated with reduced length of hospital stay -- according to new research.

Research finds offender risk assessment tools in US Are promising, but questions remain
The criminal justice system in the United States uses a variety of tools to assess the behavior of criminal offenders, and those risk assessments can have a significant impact on an offender's fate.

Researchers take prints of storms on the ocean floor
University of Delaware researchers are using 'fingerprints' left by strong storms on the ocean floor to better understand storms that have already happened and to model and predict how future storms will behave.

Using terahertz laser, scientists change the macromolecular conformation of a polymer
Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Photonics (RAP) have, for the first time, successfully used a terahertz laser to induce permanent changes in the conformation of a polymer, giving it an increased pattern of crystallization.

Climate change will affect farmers' bottom line
Climate change will disproportionately affect the agricultural sector, both in production and in land value.

Screening for syphilis recommended for persons at increased risk of infection
The US Preventive Services Task Force has found convincing evidence that screening for syphilis infection in asymptomatic, nonpregnant persons at increased risk for infection provides substantial benefit.

Study finds opposing trends in hospitalizations, costs for gout and rheumatoid arthritis
While hospitalizations related to rheumatoid arthritis have dropped considerably over the past two decades, hospitalizations primarily associated with gout have increased dramatically, reflecting both an increased prevalence and persistent suboptimal care of gout.

Ramping up treatment of parasitic worm disease cost-effective, Stanford researchers find
A study supports a greatly expanded treatment program for parasitic worm diseases that could save millions from disability and possible death in sub-Saharan Africa.

New types of blood cancer discovered in children
Through a detailed study of leukaemia cells from more than 200 children, a research group at Lund University in Sweden has discovered two new types of childhood leukaemia.

Findings suggest small increase in obesity among US teens in recent years
Among US children and adolescents 2 to 19 years of age, the prevalence of obesity in 2011- 2014 was 17 percent, and over approximately the last 25 years, the prevalence has decreased in children age 2 to 5 years, leveled off in children 6 to 11 years, and increased among adolescents 12 to 19 years of age, according to a study appearing in the June 7 issue of JAMA.

On common ground: Liverpool and Palmyra, World Heritage in danger
As the world awaits a report from restoration experts on the condition of Palmyra, now recaptured from ISIS control, a University of Kent heritage lawyer warns that the Maritime Mercantile City of Liverpool is also on UNESCO's List of World Heritage in Danger.

US study highlights earnings gap among black and white male physicians
White male physicians in the United States earn substantially more than black male physicians, even after accounting for factors such as medical specialty, experience, and hours worked, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

Hiking, hunting has minor effects on mammals in protected eastern forests
Recreation impact on wildlife distribution is minor compared with factors such as undisturbed forest habitat and local housing density.

Why do onions make you cry? (video)
Common in cuisine all around the globe, onions are renowned for their ability to make us all look like cry babies.

Is there a good way to deliver bad news? Psychologists examine layoff interviews
Researchers at Saarland University have identified factors that play a key role when managers have to convey bad news to employees.

Professor Rina Talgam awarded the polonsky prize for her comprehensive examination of a millennium of mosaics
Prof. Rina Talgam, the Alice and Edward J. Winant Family Professor of Art History, in the History of Art Department in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Faculty of Humanities, has been following the intricate visual dialogues among Paganism, Judaism, Samaritanism, Christianity and Islam in the Holy Land from before the Roman Empire to after the Muslim conquests.

$1.3 million DARPA grant to fund next-gen infrared detector research
DARPA has awarded a $1.3 million grant to the University of Central Florida to develop a next-generation infrared detector that could be used in fields as varied as night vision, meteorology and space exploration.

Cell transplants may alleviate Huntington's disease
New research from the University of Copenhagen reveals that the glia cells in the brain could be the key to the cure of the serious neurological disease Huntington's disease.

New approach to MRI imaging links saturated fats to breast cancer in postmenopausal women
High saturated fats in breast tissue may be an indicator of cancer in postmenopausal women, a study shows.

LISA Pathfinder mission paves way for space-based detection of gravitational waves
LISA Pathfinder, a mission led by the European Space Agency (ESA) with contributions from NASA, has successfully tested a key technology needed to build a space-based observatory for detecting gravitational waves.

Stress during pregnancy
The environment the unborn child is exposed to inside the womb can have a major effect on her or his development and future health.

A new molecular toolkit for the de-novo design of bioactive agents
Scientists at the Technical University of Munich take a new approach to the production of bioactive natural substances: Using synthetic biotechnology methodologies they have developed a biochemical strategy to synthesize medical agents by a templated enzyme design process.

New tool could help investors pick the clean energy project right for them
In 2013, Serbia announced its goal of having 27 percent of the country's power be generated from renewable sources by 2020.

You are not as anonymous as you think online
You may not be anonymous as you think you are online; reveals a new study published on Frontiers in ICT.

Chemicals in 'ear-stones' tell story of Amazonian fish, may inform conservation efforts
Researchers describe the use of chemical analysis of ear-stones or 'otoliths' to tease out details of a fish's life story, potentially revealing the migratory routes and environments the fish encountered in its travels.

What happens when parents comment on their daughter's weight?
The less you comment on your daughter's weight, the less likely she is to be dissatisfied with her weight as an adult, according to a new study from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab.

Nordic countries: Highest in gender equality and intimate partner violence against women
The Nordic countries are the most gender equal nations in the world, but at the same time, they also have a disproportionately high rate of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women.

Human Connectome Project marks its first phase
Scans of an individual's brain activity are emerging as powerful predictive tools, thanks to a database made available by NIH's Human Connectome Project (HCP}.

Prevalence of obesity in the US increases among women, but not men
The prevalence of obesity in 2013- 2014 was 35 percent among men and 40 percent among women, and between 2005 and 2014, there was an increase in prevalence among women, but not men, according to a study appearing in the June 7 issue of JAMA.

MD Anderson and Bristol-Myers Squibb announce new research collaboration in immuno-oncology focused on lung cancer
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center today announced a new clinical research collaboration to evaluate innovative strategies for the potential use of Bristol-Myers Squibb's immuno-oncology agents Opdivo (nivolumab) and Yervoy (ipilimumab) to treat early and advanced-stage lung cancer patients.

Climate change likely to turn up heat on koalas
A changing climate means that by 2070 koalas may no longer call large parts of inland Australia home, researchers have found.

Mammals began their takeover long before the death of the dinosaurs
A new study refutes the traditional hypothesis that mammals took a backseat to dinosaurs and then got the opportunity to diversify when dinosaurs went extinct.

Scientists receive $3.5 million to study drug resistance in a global parasitic disease
Dr. Tim Anderson at Texas Biomedical Research Institute and Dr.

Antipsychotic meds for foster care, other poor children: Still quality challenges
Significant quality challenges persist in antipsychotic medication use for children in foster care and other Medicaid-insured children, according to a new Rutgers University-New Brunswick study.

Prototype gravitational wave spacecraft sets new free fall record
LISA Pathfinder mission sets record for truest free fall ever achieved with a manmade object, and paves the way for the LISA space-based, gravitational wave observatory.

Spintronics development gets boost with new findings into ferromagnetism in Mn-doped GaAs
A research group at Tohoku University's WPI-AIMR has succeeded in finding the origin and the mechanism of ferromagnetism in Mn-doped GaAs.

Automated OCL insulin system shown to improve glucose control for youngsters at diabetes camp
Using an automated insulin feedback controller as part of an overnight closed-loop (OCL) control system improved glucose control (increased time within target glucose range) and reduced episodes of nocturnal hypoglycemia in children and adolescents.

One-third of children in low- and middle-income countries fail to reach developmental milestones
One-third of 3- and 4-year-olds in developing countries don't reach basic milestones in cognitive and/or socio-emotional growth, according to the first estimate of these developmental deficits backed by direct data.

Coral reefs fall victim to overfishing, pollution, ocean warming
Coral reefs are declining worldwide because a combination of factors -- overfishing, nutrient pollution and pathogenic disease -- ultimately become deadly in the face of higher ocean temperatures, according to a multiyear study by researchers from Rice, Oregon State and other institutions.

Sea snakes have extra sense for water living
The move from life on land to life in the sea has led to the evolution of a new sense for sea snakes, an Australian study suggests.

A third of young children in LMICs are failing to meet basic milestones
An estimated 32.9 percent of all 3- and 4-yearr-old children living in low- and middle-income countries scored poorly on either their cognitive or socioemotional development, according to a study published by Dana McCoy and colleagues from Harvard University, Boston, USA, in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Preschool academic skills improve only when instruction is good to excellent
As the overall quality of instruction in preschool classrooms increases, children experience better outcomes across a range of skills, but the needle only moves on language and reading skills when instructional quality is at or above a threshold.

Benefits to timing chemotherapy to body's 'awake' time
Not a morning person? Neither are your kidneys. Research from the Washington State University College of Pharmacy suggests there may be benefits to timing chemotherapy in cancer patients to the time of day the body is 'most awake.'

NIAID funding to Jackson Laboratory researcher to investigate chronic fatigue syndrome
Professor Derya Unutmaz, M.D., of The Jackson Laboratory for Genomic Medicine, will receive five years of funding -- totaling $3,281,515 from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases -- to find better ways to diagnose and treat myalgic encephalomyelitis, the debilitating and mysterious condition more generally known as chronic fatigue syndrome.

Scientists awarded $1.3 million to optimize probes to test new approach to cancer treatment
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded $1.3 million by the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health to develop novel compounds to enhance the immune system of patients with cancer.

Addressing antibiotic resistance: Breath analysis aims to reduce unnecessary prescriptions
The overuse of antibiotics gives harmful bacteria the opportunity to evolve into drug resistant strains that threaten health care.

Yale researchers map 6,000 years of urban settlements
A new Yale-led study provides the first spatially explicit dataset of the location and size of urban settlements worldwide over the past 6,000 years, offering clarity on long-term historical urbanization trends and patterns.

NASA sees Colin come calling on the US Southeast
Tropical Storm Colin moved fast after making landfall in northwestern Florida on June 6 and by the morning of June 7, it was centered off the coast of North and South Carolina.

Children who spend extra week in the womb have higher school test scores, risk disability
Researchers have found that spending a week longer in the womb may give babies a tiny leg up on cognitive ability.

Two in five formerly depressed adults are happy and flourishing
A new study reports that approximately two in five adults (39 percent) who have experienced major depression are able to achieve complete mental health.

'Missing tooth' hydrogels handle hard-to-deliver drugs
A 'missing tooth' peptide created by bioengineers at Rice University may be an efficient way to deliver insoluble drugs to precise locations in the body.

Fat tissue shows a robust circadian rhythm in a dish
In The Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology: Demonstrating that human subcutaneous adipose tissue shows a circadian rhythm in insulin sensitivity in a dish.

NYU researchers find weak spots in Europe's 'Right to be Forgotten' data privacy law
In the first study of its kind, university researchers that hackers can discover the identities of people who requested to be delisted under Europe's 'Right to be Forgotten' law.

Adults at risk for diabetes double activity levels through healthy lifestyle program
Adults at risk for type 2 diabetes or heart disease or both can substantially increase their physical activity levels through participating in a lifestyle intervention program developed at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health for use in community-settings, such as senior centers or worksites.

Sexual transmission of Ebola likely to impact course of outbreaks
Sexual transmission of the Ebola virus could have a major impact on the dynamics of the disease, potentially reigniting an outbreak that has been contained by public health interventions, according to research by University of Georgia ecologists just published in the Royal Society journal Biology Letters.

Predicting advanced prostate cancer outcomes with NaF-PET/CT
A recent pilot study reported in the June issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine found that sodium fluoride (Na-F-18) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (NaF-PET/CT) accurately detects bone metastases in patients with advanced prostate cancer, and follow-up scans over time correlate clearly with clinical outcomes and patient survival.

Stem cells from umbilical cord blood may help treat eczema
A new study suggests that treatment with stem cells from umbilical cord blood might be an effective therapy for patients with moderate-to-severe eczema, or atopic dermatitis.

Chemical 'sponges' designed to soak up toxic cancer-fighting drugs after targeting tumors
Researchers are creating materials for a cancer treatment system that can limit the side effects of chemotherapy drugs by quickly removing them from the body after use.

Computer simulations shed light on the Milky Way's missing red giants
Simulations investigate the possibility that red giants at the center of our galaxy were dimmed after they were stripped of 10s of percent of their mass millions of years ago during repeated collisions with an accretion disk.

Dartmouth-led study finds removal of dams in New England can help reconnect river networks and increase watershed resilience
Dam removal in New England is important to river restoration and provides an opportunity to enhance the magnitude and rate of river re-connection, and improve watershed resilience in response to human impact on the environment, if a broader strategic removal approach is implemented throughout the region.

Anorexia nervosa: Pleasure at getting thin more than fear of getting fat
A study from Inserm, Paris Descartes University and Sainte Anne Hospital suggests that anorexia nervosa might not be explained by fear of gaining weight, but by the pleasure of losing it... and that the phenomenon might be genetically influenced.

New test allows for one-step diagnosis of HCV infection
The current standard in diagnosing Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection requires two sequential steps that make it suboptimal, costly, inconvenient, time consuming, and globally not widely available or affordable.

Early detection, smaller cancer among benefits of skin cancer screening at PCP visits
Skin cancer screenings performed by primary care physicians (PCPs) during routine office visits improve the detection of potentially deadly melanomas and find them in earlier stages, according to new research from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

How 4-D simulation can help construction projects come in on time -- and on budget
Concordia University researchers have developed an advanced technique to avoid costly delays often associated with massive public transportation infrastructure projects.

Some Asian-Americans are predisposed to want more carbs and fast food
Researchers have found that some Asian-Americans are more likely to hunger for carbohydrates and unhealthy foods than other Asian-Americans -- and the reason appears to be genetic.

How did ignoring people for our smartphones become the norm?
It's common now to see people snubbing social companions to concentrate on their smartphone.

Individual support services help people with serious mental illness find employment
Approximately 5 percent of working-age adults in the United States are impaired by a serious mental illness such as psychotic and severe mood disorders.

US counties could gain $1 million in annual health benefits from a power plant carbon standard
Nearly all US regions stand to gain economic benefits from power plant carbon standards that set moderately stringent emission targets and allow a high level of compliance flexibility, according to a new study by scientists from Harvard T.H.

Natural killer cells have a memory
Researchers at the University of Bonn and the LMU Munich have decoded a new mechanism of how the immune system can attack pigmented cells of the skin.

NASA sees slow-moving Tropical Depression 1E over Southern Mexico
Tropical Depression 1E or TD1E continued to hug the coast of southwestern Mexico as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead and caught a look at the extent of the slow moving storm's clouds.

Ebola map may help prepare for future outbreaks
To be prepared for new Ebola virus disease cases, it is fundamental to start by identifying the range of the virus and the regions that are more favorable for its propagation.

Scientists use modelling to show the role of metabolism and signaling in cancer metastasis
Researchers have built a model to investigate the metastasis of cancer by examining the metabolism of breast epithelial cells and look at the role of signaling.

UNIST introduces the world to the smart urban vehicle concept
A research team at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has partnered with Power Plaza Co.

Seeing atoms
Life in the nano lane just got faster in terms of knowledge of fundamental mechanisms working at the nanoscale -- where processes are driven by a dance of particles such as atoms and ions one-billionth of a meter.

Study examines effect of manure management practices on antibiotic resistance, residues
Researchers from four US universities are teaming up with dairy farms across the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic to study the effect of three different manure management techniques on preventing the occurrence and spread of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, genes tied to resistance, and antibiotic residues -- traces of antibiotics and the compounds they break down into.

Study: Facing suicide attempts as a teenager could predict heart disease later in life
Teenagers, particularly boys, who try to kill themselves or are close with someone who attempted suicide could face a higher rate of risk factors for heart disease in their twenties, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Bad behavior may not be a result of bad parenting, but a lack of common language
Most parents will admit that talking with a teenage child is difficult at times.

Autism with intellectual disability linked to mother's immune dysfunction during pregnancy
Pregnant women with higher levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, proteins that control communication between cells of the immune system, may be at significantly greater risk of having a child with autism combined with intellectual disability, researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute have found.

Unequal pay for doctors
Black male doctors earn substantially less than white male doctors, but still more than female doctors.

John Innes Centre scientists identify protein which boosts rice yield by 50 percent
Dr Tony Miller from the John Innes Centre has developed rice crops with an improved ability to manage their own pH levels, enabling them to take up significantly more nitrogen, iron and phosphorous from soil and increase yield by up to 54 percent.

Universe's first life might have been born on carbon planets
Our Earth consists of silicate rocks and an iron core with a thin veneer of water and life.

Scientists craft an artificial seawater concoction
Microbiologists have concocted an artificial seawater medium that can be used to successfully cultivate abundant marine microorganisms, many of which have not been genetically characterized before.

Origami ninja star inspires new battery design
A new disposable battery that folds like an origami ninja star could power biosensors and other small devices for use in challenging field conditions.

Think talking on your hands-free is safe? Think again, says Uni of Sussex research
Driving while talking on a hands-free phone can be just as distracting as talking on a hand-held mobile phone, psychologists at the University of Sussex have found.

Angina drug could inform a new strategy to fight cryptococcosis
A drug, more commonly used in the treatment of angina, could be the focus of a new strategy in fighting the fatal fungal infection cryptococcosis.

Deep learning helps to map Mars and analyze its surface chemistry
Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Mount Holyoke College are teaming up to apply recent advances in machine learning, specifically biologically inspired deep learning methods, to analyze large amounts of scientific data from Mars.

Neural stem cell transplants promote Parkinson's recovery in non-human primates
A multi-center study assessing the therapeutic potential of human parthenogenetic-derived neural stem cell transplantation for Parkinson's disease (PD) in non-human primates found that the cells promoted increased dopamine in the brain, symptom improvement, and upregulation of beneficial genes in PD animals as compared to control animals.

Artificial intelligence to spearhead enhanced human longevity
Life Extension™ joins with Insilico Medicine to develop advanced anti-aging technologies utilizing artificial intelligence.

The social media profile of the Black Lives Matter movement
Georgia Tech researchers looked at nearly 29 million tweets surrounding four recent Black Lives Matter (BLM) events to identify the social media patterns of its activists.

Secret lives of Amazonian fishes revealed by chemicals stored in their ear-stones
Fish species that are both economically and ecologically important in South America live mysterious lives.

Moving can be hazardous to your health and wellbeing
An extensive, long-term study of Danish children followed into adulthood shows that moving to a new home during childhood increases the likelihood of multiple adverse outcomes later in life.

Maternal weight gain between pregnancies is linked to complications and adverse outcomes
Weight gain between pregnancies is linked to pregnancy complications and adverse neonatal outcomes in second born children, according to a study published by Martina Persson and colleagues from the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Recent research uncovers surprises about antibiotic resistance
It's thought that antibiotic resistance is associated with a fitness cost, meaning that bacteria that develop antibiotic resistance must sacrifice something in order to do so.

Revisiting trajectories at the quantum scale
There is a gap in the theory explaining what is happening at the macroscopic scale, in the realm of our everyday lives, and at the quantum level, at microscopic scale.

Swapping sick for healthy brain cells slows Huntington's disease
Researchers have successfully reduced the symptoms and slowed the progression of Huntington's disease in mice using healthy human brain cells.

Laboratory breakthrough may lead to improved X-ray spectrometers
Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute's Swiss Light Source in Villigen, Switzerland, have developed a new design for X-ray spectrometers that eschews a commonly utilized component to lowers overall production costs and increase the efficiency of X-ray flux, which may lead to faster acquisition times for sample imaging and increased efficiency for the system.

Study shows long-term marijuana use changes brain's reward circuit
Center for BrainHealth researchers demonstrated that long-term marijuana users had more activity in the brain's reward processes when presented with cannabis cues than with natural reward cues.

Flight of the RoboBee
Increasingly, researchers are designing robots with forms and functions that defy our expectation of what a machine can be or do.

ORNL research finds magnetic material could host wily Weyl fermions
An elusive massless particle could exist in a magnetic crystal structure, revealed by neutron and X-ray research from a team of scientists led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee.

How did today's Washington get so politically divided?
Just two years after reelecting President Obama, how did Americans sweep Democratic power from the Senate and give Republicans even greater control of the House?

Anesthesia is safe in the young, study finds
A single exposure to general anesthesia poses no cognitive risk to healthy children under age three, a critical time in brain development, according to a multicenter study led by Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian/Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital.

Agenda available for TVT 2016
TVT 2016 is a three-day course featuring the latest research and state-of-the-art techniques for transcatheter aortic and mitral valve therapies.

Rainfall following drought linked to historic nitrate levels in Midwest streams in 2013
Drought periods followed by rainfall caused nitrate levels to increase to the highest ever measured in some Midwest streams during a 2013 study, according to a US Geological Survey report published today in the Journal of Environmental Quality.

Study uncovers clue to deciphering schizophrenia
The brains of healthy relatives of people with schizophrenia may hold a clue to better understand - and ultimately treat - the devastating illness, finds new research led by a Michigan State University scientist.

Study questions cancer link with bone growth factor for spinal surgery
Adding to previous evidence, a study based on a statewide cancer database shows no increase in cancer risk in patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery with the bone-promoting growth factor recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein.

Study charts development of emotional control in teens
In the midst of all the apparent tumult, intense emotion, and occasional reckless behavior characterizing the teenage years, the brain is, in fact, evolving and developing the neural circuits needed to keep emotions in check.

Deer make collision-free escapes thanks to inbuilt 'compasses'
Why do deer in a group, when startled, suddenly bolt away together and never collide with each other?

Saturated fatty acids linked to breast cancer in postmenopausal women
Fatty acids in the breast may be useful indicators of cancer in postmenopausal women, according to a new study published online in the journal Radiology.

MDI Biological Laboratory to offer new signature course on aging
Why do we age? What are the mechanisms that regulate aging on a cellular level?

A window to the gut's brain
Researchers have developed a system that allows real-time optical and electrical observations of the gut's nervous system in a live animal.
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