Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 08, 2016
Tunable lasers to improve infrared spectroscopy
A new, broad-band tunable infrared laser has major implications for the detection of drugs and explosives.

Increase in biomarker linked with increased risk of heart disease, heart failure, death
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Elizabeth Selvin, Ph.D., M.P.H., of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, and colleagues examined the association of six-year change in high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T with incident coronary heart disease, heart failure and all-cause mortality.

Barley lowers not one but two types of 'bad cholesterol', review suggests
- Eating barley or foods containing barley significantly reduced levels of two types of 'bad cholesterol' associated with cardiovascular risk, a St.

Pitt researchers find key to Parkinson's disease neurodegeneration
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have uncovered a major reason why the Parkinson's-related protein alpha-synuclein, a major constituent of the Lewy bodies that are the pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD), is toxic to neurons in the brain.

Lighting color affects sleep and wakefulness
A research team from Oxford University have shown how different colors of light could affect our ability to sleep.

New antiviral drugs could come from DNA 'scrunching'
Evidence of DNA 'scrunching' may one day lead to a new class of drugs against viruses.

Immune system blood cell a potential marker for sinus polyp regrowth
In an effort to identify a simple, reliable way to track the course of nasal polyps in chronic sinus disease, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they've linked rising levels of immune system white blood cells, called eosinophils, with regrowth of polyps removed by surgery.

A conservative environment makes conservatives happier
Various psychological studies have suggested that conservatives are happier than liberals.

NASA sees post-Tropical Storm Colin headed into history
The National Hurricane Center issued the last advisory on Post-Tropical Cyclone Colin at 5 p.m.

Black hole fed by cold intergalactic deluge
An international team of astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has witnessed a cosmic weather event that has never been seen before -- a cluster of towering intergalactic gas clouds raining in on the supermassive black hole at the centre of a huge galaxy one billion light-years from Earth.

Suicide prevention strategies revisited: A 10-year systematic review
A major international review of suicide prevention has confirmed that some methods do work in reducing suicides, whereas others currently in use still have little proven effectiveness.

Teenage boys who show empathy attract 1.8 more girlfriends than boys who don't
Boys high in cognitive empathy attracted an average of 1.8 more girl friendships than low empathy counterparts, as revealed by a landmark study -- 'When Empathy Matters: The Role of Sex and Empathy in Close Friendships.'

New safety and efficacy evidence for mitochondrial donation revealed
A new IVF-based technique is likely to lead to normal pregnancies and reduce the risk that babies born will have mitochondrial disease, according to researchers at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Mitochondrial Disease at Newcastle University.

Centuries-old database reveals clues on human reproductive habits, trends
Using a database with historical records that began in 871 A.D., an anthropologist at the University of Missouri was able to show reproductive patterns and shed new light on the 'quantity-quality' trade-off, a biological concept used to describe a parent's unconscious decisions to balance between producing and the time and investing in offspring.

Study sheds light on uncategorized genetic mutations in cystic fibrosis
A new study led by researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles and the Genetic Disease Screening Program of the California Department of Public Health sheds light on some of those genetic mutations and the impact for those who carry them.

UQ research accelerates next-generation ultra-precise sensing technology
The mining, navigation, minerals exploration and environmental hydrology sectors are set to benefit from new University of Queensland research into quantum technology.

No long-term 'star effect' for baseball teams on Twitter
University of Missouri researchers have analyzed the Twitter usage of Major League Baseball (MLB) teams, athletes and fans and discovered that the 'star effect' had no long-term impacts on MLB teams' Twitter following and fan engagement.

Scientists applaud passage of Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act
'The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine applauds the Senate passage of the Frank R.

Drug candidate shrinks tumor when delivered by plant virus nanoparticle
In a pair of firsts, researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have shown that the drug candidate phenanthriplatin can be more effective than an approved drug in vivo, and that a plant-virus-based carrier successfully delivers a drug in vivo.

Pharmaceuticals in streams may come from multiple sources
Pharmaceuticals in surface water such as lakes and streams are a growing concern.

New study lays groundwork for potential new anti-cancer therapy
Identifying the cell of origin is crucial to understanding how a tumor develops and metastasizes and for developing targeted therapies.

Energy-saving devices work -- if you use them correctly
A well-insulated home with a high-efficiency air conditioner and programmable thermostat are only as effective as the person using it.

Mathematical simulation of open-heart surgery lends clues to kidney failure
No one can deny that open-heart surgery, where the heart is exposed and the blood is made to bypass it, is one of the most invasive of all medical procedures.

The Godzilla goby is the latest new species discovered by the Smithsonian DROP project
As part of the Deep Reef Observation Project (DROP), initiated by the Smithsonian Institution, a new goby fish species was discovered in the southern Caribbean.

Strangers reach mutual understanding through talking and asking questions, not from non-verbal cues
Psychologists at The University of Texas at Arlington have discovered that when two strangers meet and interact for the first time, the extent to which they develop mutual understanding depends on how much they talk and ask questions rather than on non-verbal cues such as gestures or exchanging glances.

New chromosome origin element identified
Newcastle University scientists have discovered a new essential sequence within bacterial genomes required for DNA replication -- the second ever to be discovered and the first for 30 years.

Air pollution affects young people's psychiatric health
New research from Umeå University in Sweden indicates that dispensed medication for psychiatric diagnosis can be related to air pollution concentrations.

Plant-based sweeteners may help individuals control their blood glucose levels
A new study shows that it is possible to reduce the level of sugar in muffins without affecting their textural properties by replacing half of the sugar content with stevianna or inulin, which are plant-based sweeteners.

Forest service releases maps of element concentrations in Portland moss
The US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station today released a general technical report presenting raw data and dot maps for 22 elements measured in moss samples in 2013 as part of its Portland moss and air quality study

Measuring impact of Kenya's ivory burning 'urgent' say UQ scientists
Gathering evidence on the impact of Kenya's record-breaking ivory burn on elephant conservation should be an urgent priority according to four University of Queensland scientists.

Provisional names announced for superheavy elements 113, 115, 117, and 118
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Division has published a Provisional Recommendation for the names and symbols of the recently discovered superheavy elements 113, 115, 117, and 118.

New mutation-testing technology has potential to guide targeted lung and colorectal cancer therapies
A new technology suitable for practical clinical testing can detect KRAS gene mutations in lung and colorectal cancers and could thereby facilitate targeted therapies, according to a new report in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

Pubertal timing strongly influences men's sexual and reproductive health
A new study from Rigshospitalet and EDMaRC finds a strong association between late onset of puberty and subsequent semen quality.

Mesothelioma surgery improves quality of life, study finds
Many mesothelioma patients avoid surgery for fear it will degrade their quality of life.

Sports practice accounts for just 1 percent of elite athletes' performance differences
Among elite athletes, practice accounts for a scant 1 percent of the difference in their performances--and starting sports at an early age does not necessarily provide athletes an upper hand -- according to new research.

Tunneling ionization helps scientists to track ultrafast changes in molecules
Oleg Tolstikhin, a scientist from MIPT, together with colleagues from Japan and China have proposed a new method which allows to 'look' inside atoms and molecules and observe changes, occurring in their electron structure at unprecedented time scales (10^-18 seconds).

Black hole deluged by cold intergalactic 'rain'
Astronomers using ALMA have witnessed a never-before-seen cosmic weather event -- a cluster of towering intergalactic gas clouds raining in on the supermassive black hole at the center of an elliptical galaxy one billion light-years from Earth.

New research shines light on evolutionary variety of bioluminescent ocean fishes
Bioluminescence -- the production of light from a living organism -- may be more widespread among marine fishes than previously thought, according to a study published June 8, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Matthew Davis from St.

The Lancet: Most antidepressant drugs ineffective for children and teens, according to study
Most available antidepressants are ineffective, and some may be unsafe, for children and teenagers with major depression, according to the most comprehensive comparison of commonly prescribed antidepressant drugs so far, published in The Lancet.

Researchers find the right balance to speed wireless downloads through use of duplexing
Researchers have come up with a means of boosting wireless efficiency without increasing interference by mixing full and half duplex radios in base stations.

Study of police officers finds fatigue impacts tactical social interaction
A new study found that fatigue associated with shift work influences how officers interact day-to-day during encounters with the public, which can either build or erode trust in the police.

Weight loss surgery champion Frank G. Moody honored by professional association
Frank G. Moody, M.D., who helped battle obesity in the 1970s by promoting weight loss surgery, has been honored by the American Surgical Association.

The Witch Report 1600 -- Yorkshire headed the list
Was 1600s Yorkshire, England, a good place to be a witch?

New technique expands pool of gene-corrected liver cells
Sean Nygaard and colleagues have developed a new technique that may help to overcome one of the largest hurdles in gene therapy -- the ability to generate a large pool of gene-corrected cells that would be effective in repairing or correcting injury and disease.

Study shows sleep disturbances common among military spouses
A new study found that spouses of military service members experience significant sleep problems, which can impact their health and psycho-social functioning.

Tropical Depression 1E dissipates
Tropical Depression 1E or TD1E didn't get far from the time it was born to the time it weakened to a remnant low pressure area along the southwestern coast of Mexico.

Female birds select sperm 'super swimmers'
Sperm with shorter heads and longer tails are better at fertilising eggs, study reveals.

Switzerland winds up superconductivity
To generate ever-higher magnetic fields, physicists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and an R&D team of Bruker BioSpin in Fällanden (ZH), both in Switzerland, started a collaboration in 2012, which was partially funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF).

Trauma in childhood linked to drug use in adolescence
Latest research from a national sample of almost 10,000 US adolescents found psychological trauma, especially abuse and domestic violence before age 11, can increase the likelihood of experimentation with drugs in adolescence, independent of a history of mental illness.

Opioids regulate spermatozoon formation
Infertility has become a major medical and social problem worldwide and many of the cases are due to male infertility.

A type of nanostructure increases the efficiency of electricity-producing photovoltaic
Sagrario Domínguez-Fernández, a Telecommunications engineer, has managed to increase light absorption in silicon by means of nanostructures etched onto photovoltaic cells.

Chivalry is not dead when it comes to morality
We're more likely to sacrifice a man than a woman when it comes to both saving the lives of others and in pursuing our self-interests, a team of psychology researchers has found.

Don't ignore the habit: A lesson in launching new products
While studying how habits doom new products to failure, researchers found ways for companies to improve the success rate of new product launches.

Our brain activity could be nudged to make healthier choices
Netflix binge-watching versus a hike in the woods. A cheeseburger versus kale salad.

BMC physician receives humanitarian awards for contributions to global health
Karsten Lunze, M.D., Dr.P.H., M.P.H., FACPM, FAAP, a preventive medicine physician at Boston Medical Center recently received two awards in recognition of his humanitarian efforts in medicine.

Ancient ants leaving a modern trail
Past land connections, as well as current climate, are shown to be of primary importance in determining ant diversity patterns.

Chemistry lessons from bacteria may improve biofuel production
A new UW-Madison analysis of a group of bacteria called Streptomyces reveals the way some strains of the microbe developed advanced abilities to tear up cellulose, and points out more efficient ways we might mimic those abilities to make fuel from otherwise unusable plant material.

Russians do not trust modern biomedical technologies -- poll
Russians are cautious about modern technologies, including achievements in biomedicine.

Faster, better, cheaper tests for blood disease
Researchers and clinicians from hospitals and universities in the UK and other countries have collaborated to better understand diseases of platelets -- the little cells that help blood to clot.

Rust under pressure could explain deep Earth anomalies
Using laboratory techniques to mimic the conditions found deep inside the Earth, a team of Carnegie scientists led by Ho-Kwang 'Dave' Mao has identified a form of iron oxide that they believe could explain seismic and geothermal signatures in the deep mantle.

New patient focussed initiatives unveiled at EULAR 2016
Better understanding of the patient perspective and actively encouraging patient participation is key.

How 'super organisms' evolve in response to toxic environments
Scientists have long known that many diseases have a strong genetic component, but they are only recently paying more attention to the role played by the relationship between genetics and the environment.

Study finds targeting 'ideal cardiovascular health' lowers diabetes risk, but with ethnic differences
A new study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that significant differences by race/ethnicity exist in the degree of association between measures of cardiovascular health (together constituting 'ideal cardiovascular health') and the risk of diabetes.

Study reveals how altered gut microbes cause obesity
Obesity is linked to changes in our gut microbes -- the trillions of tiny organisms that inhabit our intestines.

Potential new therapy could reduce dangerous post-heart-attack inflammation
A new study led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital has identified a mechanism behind the surge in cardiovascular inflammation that takes place after a heart attack.

UAB receives cutting-edge robot to diagnose and support treatment of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer physicians look to provide personalized medicine to prostate cancer patients with a new medical device.

An eco-friendly approach to reducing toxic arsenic in rice
A team of researchers at the University of Delaware has found that incorporating rice husk to soil can decrease toxic inorganic arsenic levels in rice grain by 25 to 50 percent without negatively affecting yield.

Clinical trial examines treatment of complicated grief
A new study reports on the results of a randomized clinical trial that looked at whether the antidepressant citalopram would enhance complicated grief treatment psychotherapy, and if citalopram would be efficacious without it in an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

What makes a small worm a popular model
Researchers from the Friedrich Schiller University Jena and Kiel University (Germany) have compiled all metabolic pathways of the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans described so far and have presented a comprehensive metabolic model in the current edition of the journal 'Cell Systems'.

This black hole has an appetite for cold, cosmic rain
An intergalactic gas cloud is sometimes a dish best served cold.

A single strain of plague bacteria sparked multiple historical and modern pandemics
A single entry of the plague bacterium into Europe was responsible for the Black Plague of the mid-14th century.

NASA's NICER mission arrives at Kennedy Space Center
The multipurpose Neutron star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) mission arrived at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., on Wednesday, June 8.

UTHealth receives $1.3 million biosafety and infectious disease training grant
A multi-institutional collaboration, including The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health, has been awarded a $1.3 million training grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) to fund the Biosafety and Infectious Disease Training Initiative.

Tiny diamonds could enable huge advances in nanotechnology
University of Maryland researchers developed a new, quick and inexpensive method for constructing diamond-based hybrid nanoparticles in large quantities from the ground up, thereby circumventing many of the problems with current methods.

Johns Hopkins team makes hobby drones crash to expose design flaws
New research raises concerns about how easily hackers could take control of flying drones and land or, more drastically, crash them.

Cancer researchers take on an old foe
In the annals of cancer research, a protein known as KRas has become notorious.

'Recovery-oriented systems of care' -- emerging approach to integrated treatment for people with substance use and mental health disorders
Recovery-oriented systems of care (ROSC) offer a promising approach to improving care for the millions of individuals who have substance use disorders and, very frequently, co-occurring mental health disorders.

Psoriasis: Light shed on new details
B lymphocytes, special cells of the immune system, play a major role in psoriasis.

IASLC pleased by FDA approval of blood test to detect mutations in lung cancer
The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer praises the US Food and Drug Administration's decision to approve the first blood test to detect an oncogenic driver mutation in non-small cell lung cancer.

Standard blood pressure target is sufficient for treating some strokes
An international stroke study found that standard and intensive blood pressure treatments were equally effective in the emergency treatment of acute intracerebral hemorrhage, a type of stroke caused by bleeding into the brain.

Most people don't sleep any worse when taking medicines with sleep disturbance warnings
Medicines that carry warnings about sleep disturbances do not seem to contribute to the amount of sleep disturbances in the general population, according to new 'real world' research.

Helping satellites be right as rain
As you read this, a NASA satellite orbits around planet Earth, gathering data on -- of all things -- soil moisture.

This Week from AGU: Water usage, black carbon, and 3 research spotlights
This Week from AGU: Water usage, black carbon, and 3 research spotlights

Whole-exome sequencing predicts which bladder cancers and cell lines respond to cisplatin
University of Colorado Cancer Center study published online in Oncogene describes mutational landscape of bladder cancer cell lines, demonstrates that alterations in these cells lines do indeed match changes in samples of human bladder cancer and shows genes and gene pathways that may be functionally involved in the ability of bladder cancer to resist therapy.

Livestock pens approximately 5,000 years old in Álava, Spain
The Quaternary International journal has just published a scientific paper about the existence of livestock enclosures in Álava dating back about 5,000 years.

Lignin from plants boosts the effectiveness of sunscreen
Warm weather means beach vacations and pool-dipping for many of us.

Study finds differences in male, female brain activity when it comes to cooperation
When the researchers asked people to cooperate with a partner, then tracked the brain activity of both participants, they found that males and females had different patterns of shared brain activity.

New professional development training program for medical affairs launched at Duke-NUS
Targeted training is necessary to help professionals tap into their medical and clinical expertise, while responding quickly and strategically to the ever-changing industry and regulatory trends.

Gene-drive modified organisms are not ready to be released into environment -- new report
The emerging science of gene drives has the potential to address environmental and public health challenges, but gene-drive modified organisms are not ready to be released into the environment and require more research in laboratories and highly controlled field trials, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Slime mold gives insight into the intelligence of neuron-less organisms
How do organisms without brains make decisions? Most of life is brainless and the vast majority of organisms on Earth lack neurons altogether.

Scientists observe supermassive black hole feeding on cold gas
For the first time, astronomers have detected billowy clouds of cold, clumpy gas streaming toward a black hole, at the center of a massive galaxy cluster.

Massive trove of battery and molecule data released to public
The Materials Project, a Google-like database of material properties aimed at accelerating innovation, has released an enormous trove of data to the public, giving scientists working on batteries, fuel cells, photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, and a host of other advanced materials a powerful tool to explore new research avenues.

Modeling the correct doses for disease-fighting drugs
Publishing earlier this week in the American Society for Microbiology's Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Brad Reisfeld, associate professor in Colorado State University's Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, has described a new computational model for optimizing dosing for the tuberculosis drug Rifapentine.

Names recommended for elements 115, 117 and 118
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) opened a public comment period Wednesday for the recommended names of elements 115, 117 and 118.

Bearded dragons change color on different body parts for social signals and temperature regulation
New research shows that bearded dragons are able to partition color change to specific body parts, depending on whether they are responding to temperature or communicating with other lizards.

Landscape ecology's role in policymaking
Landscape ecology is a field that is uniquely available to address with the multiscale effects of land-use and land-cover change and inform policy related to human impacts on ecosystems.

U-M study highlights multiple factors of ADHD medication use
Youth who take Ritalin, Adderall or other stimulant medications for ADHD over an extended period of time early in life are no more at risk for substance abuse in later adolescence than teens without ADHD, according to a University of Michigan study.

New drug to prevent migraine may start working in days
A new drug to prevent migraine was associated with fewer headache hours for people with chronic migraine within three to seven days after the first injection, according to a study published in the June 8, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Challenges of custom-engineering living tissue to fix a heart
Jianyi 'Jay' Zhang, M.D., Ph.D., works to create new tissue that can replace or protect damaged muscle after a heart attack.

Replicating psychiatrists' expertise to prevent inpatient suicide
A new study on a tablet-based tool offers a potential solution for hospitals facing shortages of time and psychiatry staff while aiming to meet The Joint Commission's mandate for suicide risk assessment.

Astronomers observe feeding habits of supermassive black hole for the very first time
Astronomers from Cardiff University are part of an international team that has, for the first time, detected billowy clouds of cold, clumpy gas streaming towards a supermassive black hole at speeds of up to 800,000 miles per hour and feeding into its bottomless well.

New fossils shed light on the origin of 'hobbits'
Griffith University researchers are part of an international team of scientists that has announced the discovery of ancestors of Homo floresiensis -- the enigmatic species of pygmy-like humans discovered more than a decade ago on the Indonesian island of Flores.

$16.8 million in grants to encourage healthy food purchases for SNAP participants
The US Department of Agriculture today awarded $16.8 million in competitive grants to help Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participants increase their purchases of fruits and vegetables.

World-first pinpointing of atoms at work for quantum computers
Scientists can now identify the exact location of a single atom in a silicon crystal, a discovery that is key for greater accuracy in the operation of tomorrow's silicon based quantum computers.

Models make predictions on Olympic medals
How many medals will each country win in Rio at this Summer's Olympic Games?

Use of glucocorticoids is associated with increased risk of serious bacterial blood infection
The risk of life-threatening blood infections by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria is more than doubled in users of systemic glucocorticoids compared with non-users.

Fossil teeth suggest prehistoric red deer in the Adriatic migrated seasonally
Analysis of oxygen isotopes in fossil teeth from red deer near the Adriatic Sea suggest that they migrated seasonally, which may have driven the movements of the Paleolithic hunter-gatherers that ate them, according a study published June 8, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Suzanne Pilaar Birch from University of Georgia, USA, and colleagues.

Rowan researchers develop blood test that detects early Alzheimer's disease
A research team from Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine and Durin Technologies, Inc., has announced the development of a blood test that leverages the body's immune response system to detect an early stage of Alzheimer's disease.

Alberta funding focused on improving treatment of diabetes
The Alberta Diabetes Institute at the University of Alberta has awarded important financial support to another Alberta-based diabetes research project and renewed two projects to continue research that has already shown promising results.

Radical pair analysis overcomes hurdle in theory of how birds navigate
Reporting their results in the New Journal of Physics, scientists have taken a step forwards in unravelling the inner workings of the avian compass -- a puzzle that has captivated researchers for decades.

Danger from extreme storms and high seas to rise
Storms that battered Australia's east coast are a harbinger of things to come and a stark reminder of the need for a national effort to monitor the growing threat from climate change, coastal researchers at Sydney's University of New South Wales warn.

New immunotherapy against cancer wins the Kaye Innovation Award
Hebrew University Cancer researcher developed a novel immunotherapy method in which monoclonal antibodies neutralize the tumor's ability to suppress the immune system.

Fishing prohibitions produce more sharks along with problems for fishing communities
Scientists working for Murdoch University, the Wildlife Conservation Society, The Nature Conservancy, and other groups have good news about fishing closures established in Indonesia's shark sanctuary, which are good for sharks and other fish.

Electronic anti-theft systems remain a threat to cardiac device patients
Electronic anti-theft systems still pose a threat to cardiac device patients, according to research presented today at CARDIOSTIM-EHRA EUROPACE 2016 by Professor Robert Stevenson, senior scientist at Greatbatch Medical in Santa Clarita, Calif., US.

Old World metals traded on Alaska coast hundreds of years before contact with Europeans
Two leaded bronze artifacts found in northwestern Alaska are the first evidence that metal from Asia reached prehistoric North America prior to contact with Europeans, according to new Purdue University research.

Sanger Institute: Landmark study shows AML is at least 11 different diseases
Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) could be separated genomically into at least 11 major groups, each with different constellations of genetic changes and distinctive clinical features.

Study links late sleep timing to poorer diet quality and lower physical activity
A new study suggests that among healthy adults with a habitual sleep duration of at least 6.5 hours, late sleep timing was associated with higher fast food consumption and lower vegetable intake, particularly among men, as well as lower physical activity.

Examination of mosaic making in the Holy Land earns Hebrew University the Polonsky Prize
Prof. Rina Talgam, Professor of Art History, in the History of Art Department in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Faculty of Humanities, has been following the intricate visual dialogues among Paganism, Judaism, Samaritanism, Christianity and Islam in the Holy Land from before the Roman Empire to after the Muslim conquests.

Changing weather patterns threaten grassland sparrows
Two of North America's declining grassland songbirds may be particularly vulnerable to altered weather patterns caused by climate change, according to new research in The Condor: Ornithological Applications.

Metabolite of multiple sclerosis drug could be safe, effective therapy for Parkinson's disease
The metabolite of a drug that is helping patients battle multiple sclerosis appears to significantly slow the onset of Parkinson's disease, researchers say.

Myocardial infarction: Rush-hour for neutrophils
Researchers at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have shown that circadian oscillations in the influx of immune cells into the damaged tissue play a crucial role in exacerbating the effects of an acute heart attack in the early morning hours.

Novel energy inside a microcircuit chip
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland developed an extremely efficient small-size energy storage, a micro-supercapacitor, which can be integrated directly inside a silicon microcircuit chip.

DNA 'scrunching' could be new target for antiviral drugs
Vaccines have saved countless lives since their first use more than 200 years ago.

At the LHC, charmed twins will soon be more common than singles
In the range of energies penetrated by the LHC accelerator, a new mechanism of the creation of particles is becoming more prominent, say scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow.

Constipated? Study finds surprising cause
A Yale-led study has shown a surprising link between constipation and herpes infection.

Kansas State University researchers invent, patent new class of lasers
Kansas State University researchers have invented a new class of lasers.

Antibodies triggered by avian influenza virus vaccine illuminate a new path toward a universal flu vaccine
Diverse antibodies induced in humans by vaccination with an avian influenza virus vaccine may offer broader, more durable protection against multiple strains of influenza than today's vaccines typically provide.

New research shines light on surprising numbers and evolutionary variety of bioluminescent ocean fish
Bioluminescence -- the production of light from a living organism -- is more widespread among marine fishes than previously understood.

New research counters claim that the 'Hobbit' had Down syndrome
Analysis of a wealth of new data contradicts an earlier claim that LB1, an ~80,000 year old fossil skeleton from the Indonesian island of Flores, had Down syndrome, and further confirms its status as a fossil human species, Homo floresiensis.

World's first child-exoskeleton for spinal muscular atrophy
Today, the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) introduced the world's first infant exoskeleton which is designed to help children with spinal muscular atrophy, a degenerative illness which affects one in ten thousand babies in Spain.

Harold Alfond Foundation charitable gift to help improve cancer care in the state of Maine
A charitable contribution of $8,410,000 from the Harold Alfond® Foundation will support The Jackson Laboratory's efforts to enhance cancer diagnostics and treatment in Maine.

Switched-on Salmonella: Fluid forces guide disease traits of multidrug-resistant bacteria
In new research appearing in the Nature Publishing Group journal npj Microgravity, Cheryl Nickerson, Ph.D., and her colleagues explore the effects of physiological fluid shear on ST313 -- a particularly dangerous type of Salmonella, which is resistant to multiple antibiotics and currently ravaging regions of sub-Saharan Africa.

Narrow wavelength of UV light safely kills drug-resistant bacteria
Scientists from Columbia University's Center for Radiological Research have shown that a narrow wavelength of ultraviolet light safely killed drug-resistant MRSA bacteria in mice, suggesting its potential to reduce surgical site infections.

New compound shows potential for triple-negative breast cancer
Researchers at the University of Michigan have identified a promising new compound for targeting one of the most aggressive types of breast cancer. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to