Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 09, 2016
Proteome of an entire family
Based on comprehensive protein data on mice, researchers at ETH Zurich and EPFL have gained new insights into the mechanism of metabolic disorders.

Analogue quantum computation has been universally digitized using superconducting circuits
The QUTIS research group ( of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and Google's quantum computation team have collaborated on a pioneering experiment that universally digitizes analogue quantum computation on a superconducting chip.

Seeing is believing: Visual triggers increase hand hygiene compliance
Can you use the 'ick factor' to get healthcare workers to clean their hands more often?

On land and at sea, large animals are in 'double jeopardy'
Large animals hunted for their parts -- such as elephant ivory and shark fins -- are in double jeopardy of extinction due to their large body size and high value, according to a new analysis reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on June 9.

Prestigious Pew scholarship for amoeba 'cell nibbling'
A UC Davis microbiologist who studies how a parasitic amoeba kills cells has been named as a 2016 Pew scholar in the biomedical sciences by the Pew Charitable Trusts.

Midlife fitness is linked to lower stroke risks later in life
Being more physically fit in your mid- to late-40s was associated with lower stroke risks after age 65, independent of traditional stroke risk factors such as high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes and atrial fibrillation.

Parasitic Cape honeybees out-reproduce other bees using a few unusual gene regions
Parasitic cape honeybees exploit and overrun other honeybee colonies by triggering changes that let worker bees reproduce.

Individuals exposed to blue wavelength lights experienced faster reaction times
A new study found that blue wavelength light exposure led to subsequent increases in brain activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC) when participants were engaging in a cognitive task after cessation of light exposure.

Lung cancer breath 'signature' presents promise for earlier diagnosis
A single breath may be all it takes to identify the return of lung cancer after surgery, according to a study posted online today by The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

The Lancet Neurology: Scientists discover unique pattern of hidden brain damage in male soldiers exposed to high explosive blasts
Scientists have identified a distinctive pattern of injury in the brains of eight deceased military personnel who survived high explosive attacks and died between four days and nine years later from their injuries or other causes.

Researchers map mosquitoes that transmit Zika and Dengue by county
A new article published in the Journal of Medical Entomology features maps of counties in the United States where the mosquitoes known as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus have been recorded.

Enzyme keeps antibodies from targeting DNA and driving inflammation in lupus
Failure of an enzyme to break down DNA spilling into the bloodstream as cells die may be a major driver of inflammation in lupus.

Lung cancer patients who have surgery live longer
Patients with late-stage, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have surgery have better survival rates than those who don't, but fewer of these patients are undergoing surgery, UC Davis researchers have found.

Depression linked to disease activity and disability in adolescents with arthritis
Depression linked to disease activity and disability in adolescents with arthritis

Link found between witnessing parental domestic violence during childhood and attempted suicide
A new study by the University of Toronto (U of T), found the lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts among adults who had been exposed to chronic parental domestic violence during childhood was 17.3% compared to 2.3% among those without this childhood adversity.

Cell Press breaks into physical sciences with launch of Chem
A new high-impact journal for chemists marks a leading biomedical publisher's first foray into the physical sciences.

Oregon chemists build a new, stable open-shell molecule
University of Oregon chemists have synthesized a stable and long-lasting carbon-based molecule that, they say, potentially could be applicable in solar cells and electronic devices.

Cancer drugs could target autoimmune diseases
Drugs currently being trialled in cancer patients have been used to successfully target an autoimmune condition in mice at UCL and King's College London.

Estimating unmet need for cleft lip and palate surgery in India
An estimated more than 72,000 cases of unrepaired cleft lip and/or palate exist in 28 of India's 29 states and poor states with less health infrastructure had higher rates, according to an article published online by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

Pre-procedure medication regimen could lead to less hospital time for liver cancer patients
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine have found that putting liver cancer patients on a medication regimen prior to undergoing a certain treatment could lead to shorter hospital stays and less chance for readmission due to complications.

WSU researchers watch skin cells 'walk' to wounds
Skin cells typically spend their entire existence in one place on your body.

NIST's super quantum simulator 'entangles' hundreds of ions
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have 'entangled' or linked together the properties of up to 219 beryllium ions (charged atoms) to create a quantum simulator.

Greenland sets melt records in 2015 consistent with 'Arctic Amplification'
A new study provides first evidence linking melting in Greenland to the anticipated effects of a phenomenon known as Arctic amplification.

The Lancet: New stem cell transplantation method may halt multiple sclerosis symptoms long-term, but therapy comes with high risk
A new use of chemotherapy followed by autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT) has fully halted clinical relapses and development of new brain lesions in 23 of 24 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) for a prolonged period without the need for ongoing medication, according to a new phase 2 clinical trial, published in The Lancet.

CNIO researchers discover a mechanism that reverses resistance to antiangiogenic drugs
Researchers from the Breast Cancer Clinical Research Unit at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) have just published an important finding regarding antiangiogenic drugs.

Greenland's 2015 melt records consistent with 'Arctic amplification'
Following record-high temperatures and melting records that affected northwest Greenland in summer 2015, a new study provides the first evidence linking melting in Greenland to the anticipated effects of a phenomenon known as Artic amplification.

£220,000 international project to turn blackcurrant pomace into food for human consumption
Food scientists at the University of Huddersfield have enlisted the aid of one of the UK's most iconic companies as they carry out Government-funded research into how a fruit by-product could enrich the fiber content of bread by up to 15 percent.

Scientists discover biomarkers that could give cancer patients better survival estimatesl
Cancer patients often ask doctors how long they have to live, but how precise are doctors' answers?

New comorbidity tool predicts risk of hospitalisation and death in psoriatic arthriti
New comorbidity tool predicts risk of hospitalisation and premature death in psoriatic arthriti.

Basaltic rocks in Iceland effective sinks for atmospheric carbon dioxide
Atmospheric carbon dioxide injected into volcanic rock as part of a pilot project in Iceland was almost completely mineralized, or converted to carbonate minerals, in less than two years, a new study shows.

Preliminary data for pre-kidney transplant being presented June 13
Early findings by researchers at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine suggest that the use of a second generation cancer drug, carfilzomib, may provide an improved approach for the reduction of antibodies in potential kidney transplant candidates.

Tufts microbiologist Cecilia A. Silva-Valenzuela, Ph.D., named Pew Latin American Fellow
Tufts University microbiologist Cecilia A. Silva-Valenzuela, Ph.D., has been named one of ten Latin American Fellows in the Biomedical Sciences by The Pew Charitable Trusts.

Study shows strong prevalence of insomnia symptoms among female veterans
A new study sheds light on the prevalence of insomnia symptoms among female veterans.

Survey finds why most men avoid doctor visits
You may not be surprised to know that men tend to visit the doctor less than women.

What's driving the next generation of green products?
If you purchased a Toyota Prius, you may have been driven by the desire to conserve the environment or to save yourself some money at the gas pump.

It's not an illusion: Transforming infrared into visible light
Researchers have developed a compound that can transform near-infrared light into broadband white-light, offering a cheap, efficient means to produce visible light.

Rapid retrieval of live, infectious pathogens from clinical samples
A team lead by Donald Ingber, M.D., Ph.D., at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University now reports a method in PLoS, which enables the rapid isolation and concentration of infectious bacteria from complex clinical samples to help speed up bacterial identification, and it should be able to accelerate the determination of antibiotic susceptibilities as well.

Exceptional early-career scientists named Pew Scholars in the biomedical sciences
The Pew Charitable Trusts today named 22 exceptional early-career scientists as Pew scholars in the biomedical sciences.

Biosimilar switching not suitable for all patients
Patients with antibodies to biological infliximab are less likely to benefit from infliximab biosimilar (CT-P13)

Obesity and smoking reduces likelihood of treatment success in early rheumatoid arthritis
Obesity and smoking reduces likelihood of treatment success in early rheumatoid arthritis

Controlling quantum states atom by atom
An international consortium led by researchers at the University of Basel has developed a method to precisely alter the quantum mechanical states of electrons within an array of quantum boxes.

DNA damage by ultrashort pulses of intense laser light
Scientists now show that high intensity laser pulses can induce dramatic changes to the conformation of DNA in an aqueous medium.

Faulty assumptions behind persistent racial/ethnic disparities in behavioral health care
Racial and ethnic disparities in the treatment of mental health and substance use disorders may result from key faulty assumptions about the best ways of addressing the needs of minority patients.

'Weather@Home' offers precise new insights into climate change in the West
Tens of thousands of 'citizen scientists' have volunteered some use of their personal computer time to help researchers create one of the most detailed, high resolution simulations of weather ever done in the Western United States.

Putting a brake on leukemia cells
Cancer cells need a lot of energy in order to divide without limits.

MS breakthrough: Replacing diseased immune system halts progression and allows repair
A clinical trial published in The Lancet, a top medical journal, shows that an intensive procedure that completely wipes out the immune system and then regenerates a new one using blood stem cells can eliminate all signs of damaging brain inflammation in people with early, aggressive multiple sclerosis (MS), and facilitate lasting recovery.

New understanding of plant growth brings promise of tailored products for industry
In the search for low-emission plant-based fuels, new research could lead to sustainable alternatives to fossil fuel-based products.

High-priced drugs used to treat diabetic macular edema not cost-effective
The anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs ranibizumab and aflibercept, used to treat vision loss from diabetic macular edema (DME), and approximately 20 to 30 times more expensive than bevacizumab, are not cost-effective for treatment of DME compared to bevacizumab unless their prices decrease substantially, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Study finds link between 2015 melting Greenland ice, faster Arctic warming
A new study provides the first evidence that links melting ice in Greenland to a phenomenon known as Arctic amplification -- faster warming of the Arctic compared to the rest of the Northern Hemisphere as sea ice disappears.

Lupus confirmed as risk factor for cervical cancer
Lupus confirmed as risk factor for cervical cancer

Why some bisexual men stay in the closet
Research conducted at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and Public Health Solutions examined the reasons why men who have had sex with both men and women choose not to disclose their sexual orientation -- particularly to their wives and girlfriends.

Disease that causes blindness in children tied to new gene
Northwestern Medicine and University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) scientists have identified a gene that causes severe glaucoma in children.

Concussion outcome predicted using advanced imaging
Researchers, led by Michael Lipton, M.D., Ph.D., at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Health System, using an advanced imaging technique, have been able to predict which patients who'd recently suffered concussions were likely to fully recover.

Do Hispanics with cancer rely on complementary health practices?
A study of complementary and integrative health (CIH) use among Hispanic adults with colorectal cancer found that about 40% reported experience with CIH.

Protecting those who protect us
Published today in Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, a special issue on best practices in physical employment standards provides an international perspective on these issues and is the first time that the topics of importance to physical employment standards are consolidated into one place.

Bacteria perfected protein complexes more than 3.5 billion years ago
Researchers are resurrecting ancient bacterial protein complexes to determine how 3.5-billion-year-old cells functioned versus cells of today.

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientist named Pew-Stewart Scholar
Paul A. Northcott, Ph.D., selected for Pew-Stewart Scholar for Cancer Research, supporting him as a promising early-career scientist focused on cancer research.

Likely new planet may be in slow death spiral
Astronomers searching for the galaxy's youngest planets have found compelling evidence for one unlike any other, a newborn 'hot Jupiter' whose outer layers are being torn away by the star it orbits every 11 hours.

Pew names 10 top Latin American scientists as fellows
The Pew Charitable Trusts today announced the newest class of Pew Latin American Fellows in the Biomedical Sciences.

Candida-specific helper T cells are preferential and early targets of HIV
Candida yeasts normally live on human skin and mucous membranes without causing disease.

Contradiction keeps US policy at standstill on mitochondrial therapy
After a US scientific panel recommended trials of mitochondrial replacement therapy, Congress passed a legislative rider essentially forbidding it, according to a new Viewpoint article in JAMA.

Gene profiling can help predict treatment response and could save money in RA
Future personalisation of RA treatment may improve patient outcomes.

Bigger and better perovskite solar cells
Researchers have identified a technique for developing perovskite solar cells that significantly increases the area of the cell while maintaining high conversion efficiency, which has been difficult to date.

Consumers sour on milk exposed to LED light
Cornell University researchers in the Department of Food Science found that exposure to light-emitting diode (LED) sources for even a few hours degrades the perceived quality of fluid milk more so than the microbial content that naturally accumulates over time.

Heart monitor implant could save lives in patients with serious immune disease
Heart monitor implant could save lives in patients with serious immune disease.

Study shows value of dynamic forecasting in intermodal management
The study determined the optimal container leasing and load acceptance policy under dynamic demand and supply forecasting.

Climate change mitigation: Turning CO2 into rock
An international team of scientists have found a potentially viable way to remove anthropogenic (caused or influenced by humans) carbon dioxide emissions from the atmosphere -- turn it into rock.

The GTC obtains the deepest image of a galaxy from Earth
A study led by the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias set out to test the limit of observation which can be reached using the largest optical-infrared telescope in the world: the Gran Telescopio CANARIAS .

Intrinsic subtyping enables fine-tuned prognosis and prediction of tumor behavior
A study shows the intrinsic subtyping of breast cancer by means of a genomic test as the most important prognostic factor in advanced or metastatic hormone-sensitive breast cancer.

A new biomarker for nerve cell damage
Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research and the University of Tübingen have identified proteins in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid that reflect nerve cell damage.

GA4GH presents vision, model for genomic and clinical data sharing
In today's Science, the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health (GA4GH) calls for a federated data ecosystem for sharing genomic and clinical data.

Witnesses can catch criminals by smell
Move over sniffer dogs, people who witnessed a crime are able to identify criminals by their smell.

Using Lake Michigan turtles to measure wetland pollution
Decades of unregulated industrial waste dumping in areas of the Great Lakes have created a host of environmental and wildlife problems.

New molecules identified that could help in the fight to prevent cystic fibrosis
New research has identified new molecules that could help in the fight to prevent diseases caused by faulty ion channels, such as cystic fibrosis.

UTMB study shows pulmonary rehabilitation underutilized by physicians and COPD patients
A new study from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston investigating trends on the use of pulmonary rehabilitation therapy among older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease found that this therapy was underutilized, despite its health benefits and cost effectiveness.

New drug clears psoriasis in clinical trials
About 80 percent of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis saw their disease completely or almost completely cleared with a new drug called ixekizumab, according to three large, long-term clinical trials led by Northwestern Medicine.

Take a picture, you'll enjoy it more
While you might think photo-taking would detract from the enjoyment of everyday activities, research published by the American Psychological Association suggests that people who take photos of their experiences usually enjoy the events more than people who don't.

Camouflage influences life-and-death decisions that animals make
Nesting birds time their escape from an approaching predator depending on how well camouflaged their eggs and their own bodies are, researchers from the University of Exeter and the University of Cambridge have discovered.

Cellular 'racetrack' accurately clocks brain cancer cell movement
Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report they have developed an experimental laboratory test that accurately clocks the 'speed' of human brain tumor cell movement along a small glass 'track.' The assay, so far tested on the cells of 14 glioblastoma patients, has the potential, they say, to predict how quickly and aggressively a given cancer might lethally spread.

New techniques to assess the fate of stem cells in vivo
Researchers led by Cédric Blanpain, Professor at the Faculty of Medicine, Université libre de Bruxelles, developed new methods to assess with great precision the multipotent or unipotent fate of mammary gland and prostate stem cells.

Rutgers researchers show how gene activation protein works
Rutgers University scientists have discovered the three-dimensional structure of a gene-specific transcription activation complex, providing the first structural and mechanistic description of the process cells use to turn on, or activate, specific genes in response to changes in cell type, developmental state and environment.

One snake's prey is another's poison: Scientists pinpoint genetics of extreme resistance
Joel McGlothlin's team found that the ancestors of garter snakes gained toxin-resistant nerves almost 40 million years ago.

Study sets standards for evaluating pluripotent stem cell quality
As the promise of using regenerative stem cell therapies draws closer, a consortium of biomedical scientists reports about 30 percent of induced pluripotent stem cells they analyzed from 10 research institutions were genetically unstable and not safe for clinical use.

Test holds potential to diagnose myriad conditions with drop of blood
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have developed a unique method for detecting antibodies in the blood of patients in a proof-of-principle study that opens the door to development of simple diagnostic tests for diseases for which no microbial cause is known, including auto-immune diseases, cancers and other conditions.

Relationship advice from a gender-bending fish that mates for life
A 3-inch monogamous hermaphrodite proves the saying 'there's plenty more fish in the sea' isn't always the case.

Madrid sin Barreras
Six Madrid universities, led by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), are carrying out the research project 'Madrid Sin Barreras' (Barrier-free Madrid) to promote the social inclusion of persons with disabilities.

The Lancet Neurology: For the first time, air pollution emerges as a leading risk factor for stroke worldwide
Air pollution -- including environmental and household air pollution -- has emerged as a leading risk factor for stroke worldwide, associated with about a third of the global burden of stroke in 2013, according to a new study published in The Lancet Neurology journal.

MorNuCo Inc. becomes first recipient of award for research and science innovation
The founders of MorNuCo Laboratories, received the first L. Stephen Coles Award for Research and Science Innovation in Aging and Age Management Medicine at the AMMG Conference on May 14, 2016.

Osteoarthritis just as severe as rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatologists more likely to underestimate clinical status of their OA patients than their RA patients

Mixing solids and liquids enhances optical properties of both
By immersing glass particles in a fluid, researchers at MIT's Media Lab and Harvard University are exploring a new mechanism for modifying an optical device's diffusivity, or the extent to which it scatters light.

Environmental and health impacts of US health-care system
If the US health-care system were a country, it would rank 13th in the world for greenhouse gas emissions, according to new research.

Five early-career cancer researchers selected as Pew-Stewart scholars
The Pew Charitable Trusts and the Alexander and Margaret Stewart Trust announced today the 2016 class of Pew-Stewart scholars for cancer research.

Enzyme shows therapeutic potential for breast cancer and other diseases
Aspirin's reign as 'the wonder drug' may have a serious challenger if new research by scientists from the United States and Brazil pans out.

New role for glial energy metabolism in addiction
Addiction may be viewed as a disorder of reward learning.

Pioneering early stage researchers selected for NIDA's 2016 Avenir awards
The National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health, today announced seven recipients of its two Avenir Award programs for HIV/AIDS and genetics or epigenetics research.

Stanford study finds support across ethnicities for physician-assisted death
Physician-assisted death was supported by a majority of California and Hawaii residents, regardless of their ethnicity, who responded to an online survey, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Breast cancer patients likely to skip follow-up therapy if not treating other chronic ills
Patients who did not adhere to their medication schedule for chronic conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes, and thyroid disease, prior to a breast cancer diagnosis were twice as likely to skip oral adjuvant hormonal therapy.

World's-first compact transceiver for terahertz wireless communication using 300-GHz band
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation(NTT), Fujitsu Limited(Fujitsu), and the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology(NICT) have cooperatively developed world's-first compact terahertz wireless transceiver using the 300-GHz band and experimentally demonstrated that it can transmit data at transmission rate of 40 gigabits per second through multiplex transmission using orthogonal polarization.

Stanford researchers calculate groundwater levels from satellite data
A new computer algorithm that can

Scientists design energy-carrying particles called 'topological plexcitons'
Scientists at UC San Diego, MIT and Harvard University have engineered 'topological plexcitons,' energy-carrying particles that could help make possible the design of new kinds of solar cells and miniaturized optical circuitry.

Two young legal scholars honored with Baker & McKenzie Award 2015
The law students Anja Becker and Jenny Gesley will receive the 2015 Baker & McKenzie Award for the best dissertations in commercial law at Goethe University in Frankfurt.

Amino acid sequences are key to the properties of silks
A new study from the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) in Japan reveals that amino acid sequences are key determinants of the material properties of silk fibers.

How honeybees do without males
An isolated population of honeybees, the Cape bees, living in South Africa has evolved a strategy to reproduce without males.

Mouse study suggests autism is not just a disease of the brain
Autism spectrum disorders is generally thought to be caused by deficits in brain development, but a study in mice, published June 9 in Cell, now suggests that at least some aspects of the disorder -- including how touch is perceived, anxiety, and social abnormalities -- are linked to defects in another area of the nervous system, the peripheral nerves found throughout the limbs, digits, and other parts of the body that communicate sensory information to the brain.

Pioneering study will establish the legal framework for genomic medicine
The National Institutes of Health has awarded the first-ever grant dedicated to laying the policy groundwork needed to translate genomic medicine into clinical application.

Scientists unpack how Toxoplasma infection is linked to neurodegenerative disease
Toxoplasma gondii, a protozoan parasite, infects a third of the world's population.

Remarkably diverse flora in Utah, USA, trains scientists for future missions on Mars
Future manned missions to the Mars will rely heavily on training at sites here on Earth that serve as analogues to the red planet, such Utah's Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS), run by the Mars Society.

How El Niño impacts global temperatures
Scientists have found past El Niño oscillations in the Pacific Ocean may have amplified global climate fluctuations for hundreds of years at a time.

Is firearm violence greater among the mentally ill?
A new study finds that the majority of mental health professionals believe firearm safety issues are greater among mentally ill people, yet they do not screen their clients for firearms or provide firearm safety counseling.

Body's own gene editing system generates leukemia stem cells
Cancer stem cells are like zombies -- even after a tumor is destroyed, they can keep coming back.

Diabetes more frequent in children with chronic rheumatic disease
Diabetes more frequent in children with chronic rheumatic disease

Robots to provide a steadying hand at the right time
Many new robots look less like the metal humanoids of pop culture and more like high-tech extensions of ourselves and our capabilities.

Crowdfunding the next medical breakthrough
People have been crowdfunding for years. Now researchers are doing the same, so the public can contribute ideas and money to the studies that matter to them.

Terrorism: Military tactics are not the only option
A University of Kent expert in International Conflict Analysis presents a new critique of the effectiveness of traditional counter terrorism measures, advising they are not the only option.

A new way for prevention of pathogenic protein misfolding
Incorrectly folded proteins can cause a variety of diseases. Danish researchers have found a solution for preventing this misfolding.

Being female increases stroke hospitalization risk by 23 percent in atrial fibrillation patients
A 15-year study in 1.1 million patients with atrial fibrillation has found that women are 23 percent more likely to be hospitalized for acute ischemic stroke than men.

Nerve-insulating cells more diverse than previously thought
Oligodendrocytes, a type of brain cell that plays a crucial role in diseases such as multiple sclerosis, are more diverse than have previously been thought, according to a new study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.

Perovskite solar cells surpass 20 percent efficiency
EPFL researchers are pushing the limits of perovskite solar cell performance by exploring the best way to grow these crystals.

Experts address religious and sexual identities in counselor accreditation programs
In a recent scholarly exchange of ideas, experts address how the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) honors both religious diversity and sexual orientation diversity in its accrediting practices.

Intestinal calcium absorption may ID individuals at risk of developing kidney stones
Absorption and excretion of calcium were faster in certain patients with a history of kidney stones.

Mount Sinai researchers track HIV in real time as it infects and spreads in living tissue
By watching brightly glowing HIV-infected immune cells move within mice, researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have shown how infected immune cells latch onto an uninfected sister cell to directly transmit newly minted viral particles.

Young people with older friends can help reduce ageism
Young people are less likely to be ageist when their friends have friendships with older adults, research led by psychologists at the University of Kent has shown.

A new Biodiversity Portal for Europe to enhance access to monitoring data
Set to compile the largest biodiversity data collection for Europe to date, the EU-funded FP7 project EU BON has now launched the beta version of its European Biodiversity Portal.

Jerry Franklin named 2016's 'Eminent Ecologist' by leading ecological group
The Ecological Society of America has named University of Washington professor Jerry Franklin its 'Eminent Ecologist' of 2016.

Yuck factor may boost hand hygiene compliance
The yuck factor may be an effective tool for boosting hand hygiene compliance among health care workers, according to a study at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

In the brain, one area sees familiar words as pictures, another sounds out words
Skilled readers can quickly recognize words when they read because the word has been placed in a visual dictionary of sorts which functions separately from an area that processes the sounds of written words, say Georgetown University Medical Center neuroscientists.

A diet lacking in zinc is detrimental to human and animal health
The trace element zinc has an impact on the essential metabolic functions of most living organisms.

Knowledge of chemical munitions dumped at sea expands from international collaboration
A special issue of the academic journal Deep Sea Research II, published recently, is devoted to expanding understanding of the global issue of chemical munitions dumped at sea.

NASA examined Tropical Storm Colin's heavy rainfall from space
Data from NASA's Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) were used to estimate rainfall from Tropical Storm Colin over a two day period before it dissipated.

How the brain helps humans navigate from place to place
Interactions between the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex enable humans to plan and navigate their route from one location to another, a new study reveals.

Metal exposure -- a factor in bat population decline
Scientists at the University of York have led the first full-scale national assessment of metal contamination in bats, showing that many bats in the UK contain levels of metals high enough to cause toxic effects.

A new way to nip AIDS in the bud
When new HIV particles bud from an infected cell, the enzyme protease activates to help the viruses infect more cells.

Early, efficient detection and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis using new
Selective delivery of drugs into inflamed joint tissue may improve tolerability and reduce treatment costs

The Texas butterfly effect
How can scientists better understand summer monarch butterfly populations in the Midwest?

Research showing why hierarchy exists will aid the development of artificial intelligence
New research explains why so many biological networks, including the human brain (a network of neurons), exhibit a hierarchical structure, and will improve attempts to create artificial intelligence.

NHS Health Check program failing at heart health
A University of Liverpool study published in the British Medical Journal has found the UK population's cardiovascular health is not being supported enough by the NHS Health Check program.

In a first, Iceland power plant turns carbon emissions to stone
Scientists and engineers working at a major power plant in Iceland have shown for the first time that carbon dioxide emissions can be pumped into the earth and changed chemically to a solid within months -- radically faster than anyone had predicted.

More than 75 percent of STD-negative patients receive antibiotics
A study of emergency department patients with symptoms of gonorrhea or chlamydia found that three in four patients who were treated with antibiotics actually tested negative for these sexually transmitted diseases, according to a new study presented at the 43rd Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

New mode of action for streptomycin holds promise of treating drug-resistant infections
Researchers report in PLOS Biology the mechanism by which streptomycin, one of the oldest and most widely used antibiotics, penetrates into bacterial cells.

Air pollution exposure may worsen lupus in children
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2016) show for the first time that an individual's exposure to air pollution may have a direct role in triggering disease activity as well as airway inflammation in children and adolescents with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Blood test can help predict RA treatment response
Blood test can help predict RA treatment response is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to