Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 10, 2016
Cancer-causing virus strikes genetically vulnerable horses
A new study shows genetic differences in immune function partly account for why some horses get sarcoid tumors while others do not.

Young cancer survivors are more likely to smoke than people without cancer history
Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have found that cancer survivors who were diagnosed at adolescent and young adult ages are more likely to be current cigarette smokers than people who have not had cancer.

The primate brain is 'pre-adapted' to face potentially any situation
Scientists have shown how the brain anticipates all of the new situations that it may encounter in a lifetime by creating a special kind of neural network that is 'pre-adapted' to face any eventuality.

Need better sleep? Consider the cognitive shuffle
Simon Fraser University research aimed at helping people get to sleep will be highlighted at SLEEP 2016, as Luc Beaudoin, an adjunct professor in cognitive science and education, prepares to launch a new version of his mySleepButton® app, which features the world's first configurable 'body scan.'

Alzheimer's researchers find clues to toxic forms of amyloid beta
Much of the research on Alzheimer's disease has focused on the amyloid beta protein, which clumps together into sticky fibrils that form deposits in the brains of people with the disease.

Light: Information's new friend
A research team from South Africa and Tunisia demonstrate over 100 patterns of light used in an optical communication link, potentially increasing the bandwidth of communication systems by 100 times.

Neurologic symptoms common in early HIV infection
A team led by researchers from UCSF and Yale has found that half of people newly infected with HIV experience neurologic issues.

Peanut allergy prevention strategy is nutritionally safe, NIH-funded study shows
Introducing peanut-containing foods during infancy as a peanut allergy prevention strategy does not compromise the duration of breastfeeding or affect children's growth and nutritional intakes, new findings show.

Globalization made economic production more vulnerable to climate change
The susceptibility of the global economic network to workers' heat-stress has doubled in the last decade, a new study published in the journal Science Advances finds.

Nutrino announces data partnership with Medtronic
Today at the 76th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association, Nutrino, Inc. announced a partnership with Medtronic plc that will give people with diabetes an individualized picture of how daily food intake and other measures impact glucose levels.

BrightFocus presents science and advocacy awards on Alzheimer's and vision disease
Leading scientists and advocates received awards from BrightFocus Foundation, at a June 9 event celebrating some of the world's most promising science to end Alzheimer's disease, macular degeneration, and glaucoma.

Prolonged repetitive physical workload increases risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis
Prolonged repetitive physical workload increases risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis

University of Toronto-led research suggests some major changes to geology textbooks
Super-computer modelling of Earth's crust and upper-mantle suggests that ancient geologic events may have left deep 'scars' that can come to life to play a role in earthquakes, mountain formation, and other ongoing processes on our planet.

Popcorn-like fossils provide evidence of environmental impacts on species numbers
The number of species that can exist on Earth depends on how the environment changes, according to new research led by the University of Southampton.

Atrial fibrillation associated with higher death risk in motor vehicle accident victims
A study in nearly three million motor vehicle accident victims has found that atrial fibrillation is associated with a higher risk of death.

New treatment offers hope for children with debilitating skin and muscle disease
The results of a UK study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress showed that tumor necrosis factor inhibitor treatment is effective at improving both muscle and skin involvement in children with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM).

Many with migraines have vitamin deficiencies, says study
A high percentage of children, teens and young adults with migraines appear to have mild deficiencies in vitamin D, riboflavin and coenzyme Q10 -- a vitamin-like substance found in every cell of the body that is used to produce energy for cell growth and maintenance.

Copper essential for burning fat, researchers find
UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab researchers found that copper is essential to breaking down fat into smaller lipids that can circulate in the blood and be burned for energy.

New mathematics accurately captures liquids and surfaces moving in synergy
A new mathematical framework developed at Berkeley Lab, published in the June 10, 2016 issue of Science Advances, allows researchers to capture fluid dynamics coupled to interface motion at unprecedented detail.

Countdown economist and parasitologist call for efficient and equitable control of NTDs
The continuing permanence of major neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) is leading to a revision of the related research agenda towards current and future control interventions and associated targets.

Southern Europe risks Zika outbreaks this summer
Established Aedes-mosquito population could spread the Zika virus in Europe this summer if infected travelers introduce the virus.

Coal ash ponds found to leak toxic materials
A Duke University study of coal ash ponds near 21 power plants in five Southeastern US states has found evidence that nearby surface waters and groundwater are consistently and lastingly contaminated by the storage of coal ash in unlined ponds.

X-rays reveal the photonic crystals in butterfly wings that create color
Scientists used X-rays to discover what creates one butterfly effect: how the microscopic structures on the insect's wings reflect light to appear as brilliant colors to the eye.

Disjointed: Cell differences may explain why rheumatoid arthritis varies by location
Researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Pennsylvania and China, report that not only are there distinct differences in key cellular processes and molecular signatures between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) but, more surprisingly, there are joint-specific differences in RA.

John Innes Centre scientist made Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Professor Caroline Dean OBE, of the John Innes Centre has been made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire for her work in understanding genetic regulation and for her commitment to advancing careers for women working in science.

New tool brings personalized medicine closer
Scientists from EPFL and ETHZ have developed a powerful tool for exploring and determining the inherent biological differences between individuals, which overcomes a major hurdle for personalized medicine.

First consensus paper on atrial cardiomyopathies set to be published
The first consensus paper on atrial cardiomyopathies is set to be published simultaneously in EP-Europace, HeartRhythm, and the Journal of Arrhythmia.

FDA approves vaccine for cholera
In a milestone years in the making, a vaccine to prevent cholera was approved today by the FDA.

Can computers do magic?
Magicians could join composers and artists in finding new ideas for their performances by using computers to create new magic effects, according to computer scientists at Queen Mary University of London.

Research team first to identify AF1q protein associated with multiple myeloma, EMD
A group of researchers from the University of Louisville, Japan and Austria is the first to identify a protein, AF1q, associated with multiple myeloma and a condition that occurs in approximately one-fourth of very aggressive multiple myeloma, extramedullary disease or EMD.

NJIT to participate in historic first ship-to-shore drone delivery
A team of medical personnel, emergency management specialists and drone technology experts, including from NJIT's New Jersey Innovation Institute, will conduct the first ship-to-shore drone delivery in the US on June 23 on the New Jersey coastline.

Weight and diet may help predict sleep quality
The old adage 'you are what you eat,' may be better phrased as 'your sleep relates to what you eat.' An individual's body composition and caloric intake can influence time spent in specific sleep stages, according to results of a new study (abstract 0088) from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania that will be presented at SLEEP 2016, the 30th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC.

UTA professor earns NSF grant to make lasers, amplifiers for silicon photonics technology
A University of Texas at Arlington researcher will explore the possibility of using a novel optical resonance effect in nanostructured silicon films to generate light, which could lead to more efficient and compact integrated photonic-electric circuits.

Laser ablation becomes increasingly viable treatment for prostate cancer
Prostate cancer patients may soon have a new option to treat their disease: laser heat.

$3.5 million methane emissions test site to be built at Colorado State University
Colorado State University will be home to a national testing facility for evaluating new technologies for sensing methane, a potent greenhouse gas.

'Now-or-never bottleneck' explains language acquisition
We are constantly bombarded with linguistic input, but our brains are unable to remember long strings of linguistic information.

Motivational text messages and counselling boost health of patients with RA
Motivational text messages and counselling boost health of patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Supporting pollinators could have big payoff for Texas cotton farmers
According to a new study, increasing the diversity of pollinator species can dramatically increase cotton production.

Female sex hormone clue to fighting serious immune disease
Female sex hormone clue to fighting serious immune disease

New atlas of light pollution
A new atlas of light pollution documents the degree to which the world is illuminated by artificial skyglow.

An investigation of nurses' job satisfaction in a private hospital and its correlates
Job satisfaction and its impact on staff performance, absenteeism, retention, and turnovers in health care services has been a topic of global interest over decades.

Activity of nerve cell in freely moving animal analyzed by new robot microscope system
Researchers from Osaka University and Tohoku University have developed a novel robot microscope system that automatically tracks a freely moving small animal and manipulates its brain activity with 'projection mapping.'

Scientists approve the similarity between reprogrammed and embryonic stem cells
Researchers from the Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Research Institute of Physical Chemical Medicine and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have concluded that reprogramming does not create differences between reprogrammed and embryonic stem cells.

Scoliosis linked to disruptions in spinal fluid flow
A new study in zebrafish by researchers at Princeton University and the University of Toronto suggests that irregular fluid flow through the spinal column brought on by gene mutations is linked to a type of scoliosis that can affect humans during adolescence.

The use of nanoparticles and bioremediation to decontaminate polluted soils
The Basque Institute of Agricultural Research and Development Neiker-Tecnalia is currently exploring a strategy to remedy soils contaminated by organic compounds containing chlorine (organochlorine compounds).

The vascular bypass revolution
Coronary or peripheral bypasses are the most frequently performed vascular operations.

Hand hygiene program helped reduce health insurance claims for cold and flu by 24 percent
A workplace outcome study published in The Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (JOEM) found that offices equipped with alcohol-based hand sanitizers and hand sanitizing wipes throughout the building and at employees' desks resulted in 24.3 percent fewer healthcare claims for hand hygiene preventable illnesses -- such as cold, flu and respiratory illnesses -- than the office and employees in the control group without these products.

Generating unclonable patterns to fight counterfeiting
In a multinational collaboration, researchers from the Universities of Luxembourg, Ljubljana and Vienna have developed a new method to produce unique reflecting patterns that can be applied on valuable objects.

Positive mental attitude improves treatment adherence in rheumatoid arthritis
Positive mental attitude improves treatment adherence in rheumatoid arthritis

X-ray snapshot of butterfly wings reveals underlying physics of color
A team of physicists that visualized the internal nanostructure of an intact butterfly wing has discovered two physical attributes that make those structures so bright and colorful.

NOAA, USGS, partners predict an average 'dead zone' for Gulf of Mexico
Scientists forecast that this year's Gulf of Mexico dead zone -- an area of low to no oxygen that can kill fish and marine life -- will be approximately 5,898 square miles or about the size of Connecticut, the same range as it has averaged over the last several years.

BU radiologist receives Ibn Khaldun Award for service to Tunisian-American community
Ali Guermazi, MD, PhD, professor of radiology at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and vice chairman of academic affairs in the department of radiology at Boston Medical Center (BMC), is the recipient of the Ibn Khaldun Award from the Ibn Khaldun Institute.

Damage to tiny liver protein function leads to heart disease, fatty liver
A UCF College of Medicine researcher has identified for the first time a tiny liver protein that when disrupted can lead to the nation's top killer -- cardiovascular disease -- as well as fatty liver disease, a precursor to cancer.

Targeting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in prostate cancer development and progression
The research article -- 'Targeting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR Pathway in Prostate Cancer Development and Progression: Insight to Therapy,' by Dr.

Filarial nematodes taking a fancy to Austria
A preliminary study by Vetmeduni Vienna has identified indigenous mosquitoes as carriers of Dirofilaria repens, suggesting for the first time that the parasite has become endemic in Eastern Austria.

Genetic clue to development of mouth ulcers in lupus
Genetic clue to development of mouth ulcers in lupus

Amino acid identified associated with poor performance under sleep restriction
The amino acid acetylcarnitine may help predict an individual's neurobehavioral performance during chronic sleep restriction, according to results of a new study (abstract 0251) from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania that will be presented at SLEEP 2016, the 30th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC.

Discovery of molecular protection linked to a degenerative neuromuscular disease
In individuals with this disease, muscle cells and motor neurons die over the years because they accumulate a protein that is mutated.

El Niño made a nuisance of itself in 2015
The frequency of nuisance tidal flooding in many U.S. cities increased as predicted for the 2015 meteorological year, from May 2015 to April 2016, according to a new NOAA report.

Study finds little consistency for UTI prevention in nursing homes
A survey of nearly 1,000 nursing homes in the US found little consistency across facilities of policies implemented to prevent urinary tract infections, according to a new study presented at the 43rd Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

A new way to control oxygen for electronic properties
Researchers at Argonne found they could use a small electric current to introduce oxygen voids, or vacancies, that dramatically change the conductivity of thin oxide films.

Implantable device cuts obstructive sleep apnea symptoms
Since the 1980s, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) -- in which positive pressure is pushed through the nasal airways to help users breathe while sleeping - has been by far the most widely used treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Milky Way now hidden from one-third of humanity
The Milky Way, the brilliant river of stars that has dominated the night sky and human imaginations since time immemorial, is but a faded memory to one third of humanity and 80 percent of Americans, according to a new global atlas of light pollution produced by Italian and American scientists.

Study finds native Olympia oysters more resilient to ocean acidification
Native Olympia oysters, which once thrived along the Pacific Northwest coast until over-harvesting and habitat loss all but wiped them out, have a built-in resistance to ocean acidification during a key shell-building phase after spawning, according to a newly published study.

One third of rheumatoid arthritis patients experience sexual dysfunction
One third of rheumatoid arthritis patients experience sexual dysfunction.

The Hawthorne Effect hinders accurate hand hygiene observation, study says
When healthcare providers know they are being watched, they are twice as likely to comply with hand hygiene guidelines.

Who's the best-equipped superhero? Student research settles 'superpower showdown'
University of Leicester students use scientific principles to examine the feasibility of the powers behind renowned comic book superheroes -- and suggest Superman may have the greatest chance of winning in a fight

UK rheumatologists go beyond NICE guidance on cost when treating RA patients
UK rheumatologists go beyond NICE guidance on cost when treating rheumatoid arthritis patients

Australian study finds no method reliable in assessing suicide risk for mental health patients
An Australian study has cast doubt on the effectiveness of the tools used by medical professionals to assess suicide risk in mental health patients, prompting calls for a review of the allocation of resources based on the assessments.

Facebook key to identifying thousands with inflammatory back pain
Facebook key to identifying thousands with inflammatory back pain.

MESO-BRAIN receives €3.3 million to replicate brain's neural networks through 3-D nanoprinting
MESO-BRAIN initiative receives €3.3 million to replicate brain's neural networks through 3-D nanoprinting. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to