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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | June 13, 2016


Largest crowdsource astronomy network helps confirm discovery of 'Tatooine' planet
Lehigh University astronomer assistant professor of physics Joshua Pepper is using crowdsourcing to gather observations worldwide.
Businesses can save 30 percent on electrical bills by adjusting production schedules
Industrial manufacturing businesses can save over 30 percent on electrical bills, and cut greenhouse gas emissions by over 5 percent, by adjusting production schedules, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.
Children less likely to trust ugly people
Is beauty only skin deep? Children don't seem to think so, like adults and babies, children think the uglier you are, the less trustworthy you are.
Yale scientists amplify light using sound on a silicon chip
Yale scientists have found a way to greatly boost the intensity of light waves on a silicon microchip using the power of sound.
Adjuvant chemotherapy improves overall survival in patients with stage IB NSCLC
The use of adjuvant chemotherapy in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients improves overall survival and five-year OS in patients with tumor sizes ranging from 3-7 cm.
Pythons and boas shed new light on reptile evolution
A new study into pythons and boas has for the first time found the two groups of snakes evolved independently to share similar traits, shedding new light on how the reptiles evolved.
Efficient hydrogen production made easy
Understanding how to use a simple, room-temperature treatment to drastically change the properties of materials could lead to a revolution in renewable fuels production and electronic applications.
Canada needs essential medicines list to ensure supply
Canada needs to create a list of essential medicines to help protect against drug shortages, argues an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
Cereal science: How scientists inverted the Cheerios effect
Liquid drops on soft solid surfaces interact by an 'inverted Cheerios effect', which can be tweaked so that the droplets move towards or away from each other, according to an international group of scientists publishing in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
MDI Biological Laboratory to offer lecture series on the science of aging
The MDI Biological Laboratory will offer three lectures for the public on the science of aging as part of its new signature course on aging.
The most prolific perpetrators of elder abuse may be living among them
Researchers studying the prevalence of resident-to-resident mistreatment in nursing homes found that at least one in five elderly residents had experienced some form of verbal or physical mistreatment from other residents during a one-month surveillance period.
Shaping atomically thin materials in suspended structures
Researchers at Tohoku University have realized wafer-scale and high yield synthesis of suspended graphene nanoribbons.
Aerosols strengthen storm clouds, according to new study
An abundance of aerosol particles in the atmosphere can increase the lifespans of large storm clouds by delaying rainfall, making the clouds grow larger and live longer, and producing more extreme storms, according to new research from the University of Texas at Austin.
Study identifies a potential therapeutic target for lung cancer
In this month's issue of the JCI, a team led by Julian Sage and Irving Weissman at Stanford University identified a molecular target that may stimulate a patient's own immune system to destroy lung tumors.
New material has potential to cut costs and make nuclear fuel recycling cleaner
Researchers are investigating a new material that might help in nuclear fuel recycling and waste reduction by capturing certain gases released during reprocessing more efficiently than today's technology.
Rolling on Molly: US H.S. seniors underreport ecstasy use when not asked about Molly
A new study, published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence by researchers affiliated with NYU CDUHR, compared self-reported ecstasy/MDMA use with and without 'Molly' in the definition.
Botox's sweet tooth underlies its key neuron-targeting mechanism
The Botox toxin has a sweet tooth, and it's this craving for sugars -- glycans, to be exact -- that underlies its extreme ability target neuron cells in the body ... while giving researchers an approach to neutralize it.
Central line infection prevention bundles reduce number of deadly infections in newborns
Infection prevention bundles, a package of evidence-based guidelines implemented in unison, are effective for reducing central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI) in critical care newborn infants, according to a new study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.
Climate consequences of oil price uncertainty could be significant
Oil prices can have a major impact on the types and quantities of energy sources used -- and thus on greenhouse gas emissions.
Improving data sharing on a European level recently published by Dove Medical Press
Big data analytics and reasoning techniques could be used to deliver advanced healthcare services and to develop a systematic data gathering and integration at cross-national levels capable of providing support to both researchers and policy makers.
Air purification: Plant hemoglobin proteins help plants fix atmospheric nitric oxide
Scientists of Helmholtz Zentrum München have now discovered that Arabidopsis thaliana plants can fix atmospheric nitric oxide with the aid of plant hemoglobin proteins.
Roadmap for advanced cell manufacturing shows path to cell-based therapeutics
An industry-driven consortium has developed a national roadmap designed to chart the path to large-scale manufacturing of cell-based therapeutics for use in a broad range of illnesses including cancer, neuro-degenerative diseases, blood and vision disorders and organ regeneration and repair.
Unraveling the food web in your gut
Despite recent progress, the organization and ecological properties of intestinal microbial ecosystem remain under investigated.
DNA shaping up to be ideal framework for rationally designed nanostructures
Scientists developed two DNA-based self-assembly approaches for desired nanostructures. The first approach allows the same set of nanoparticles to be connected into a variety of three-dimensional structures; the second facilitates the integration of different nanoparticles and DNA frames into interconnecting modules, expanding the diversity of possible structures.
Current diversity pattern of North American mammals a 'recent' trend, study finds
It's called the latitudinal diversity gradient, a phenomenon seen today in most plant and animal species around the world: Biodiversity decreases from the equator to higher latitudes.
Starving cancer cells by blocking their metabolism
Scientists at EPFL have found a way to starve liver cancer cells by blocking a protein that is required for glutamine breakdown -- while leaving normal cells intact.
Insights into the ecology of the microbiome
Researchers from the Channing Division of Network Medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital analyzed data from large metagenomic datasets (e.g., the Human Microbiome Project and Student Microbiome Project) to look at the dynamics of the gut, mouth and skin microbiomes of healthy subjects.
Revised UK 'Eatwell Guide' promotes industry wealth not public health, argues expert
The revised UK 'Eatwell Guide,' which visually represents the government's recommendations on food groups for a 'healthy, balanced diet,' is not evidence based, and has been formulated by too many people with industry ties, insists a dietary expert in an editorial published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Chemicals from wood waste
Vitamins, medication, solvents, crop protection products and polymers -- in future, it will be possible to manufacture many of these from wood waste.
Love is blind... to food waste
For many, there's nothing like sitting down for a family meal at a table filled with hot, ready-to-serve food.
Many family physicians have inaccurate knowledge about lung cancer screening
Although clinical trials have shown that lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) can detect lung cancers early and reduce lung cancer mortality, less than half of family physicians in a recent survey agreed that screening reduces lung cancer-related deaths.
How females store sperm
The science of breeding chickens has revealed part of the mystery of how certain female animals are able to store sperm long-term.
Hospital or outpatient care when patients present with hypertensive urgency?
Do ambulatory patients who present in office settings with hypertensive urgency -- systolic blood pressure (BP) at least 180mm HG and diastolic BP at least 110 mm Hg -- do better when they are referred to the hospital or when they have their BP managed in an outpatient setting?
Household air pollution linked to higher risk of heart attacks, death
Long-term exposure to household air pollution from lighting, cooking or heating with fuels such as kerosene or diesel may increase the risk of heart attacks and death.
Marine life quickly recovered after global mass extinction
Reptiles rapidly invaded the seas soon after a global extinction wiped out most life on Earth, according to a new study led by UC Davis researchers.
Shimmer partners with Harvard's Wyss Institute to advance remote patient monitoring
Shimmer Sensing, a leading provider of medical grade wearable wireless sensors, announced today a partnership with the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University in support of ongoing research focused on remote patient monitoring using wearable sensing technology.
Molecular imaging of neuroendocrine tumors optimizes radiotherapy dose
Aggressive neuroendocrine cancer is something of a dark horse -- a rare, elusive and persevering force linked to discouraging long-term survival rates.
In the fight to control glucose levels, this control algorithm comes out on top
Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the William Sansum Diabetes Center have conducted the first head-to-head randomized crossover evaluation of the two controls under comparable clinical conditions.
Lung research -- EU Horizon 2020 funding to predict nanotoxicity
Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München have received more than €1 million in the framework of the European Horizon 2020 Initiative.
Novel capping strategy improves stability of perovskite nanocrystals
Perovskite materials have shown great promise for use in next-generation solar cells and LEDs, but their instability remains a critical limitation.
New research reveals secrets of former subglacial lakes in North America
Researchers at the University of Sheffield have provided a unique glimpse into one of the least understood environments on Earth by revealing for the first time former subglacial lakes and their drainage routes beneath the North American ice sheets.
Study: Training helps those with mild cognitive impairment
New research from the Center for BrainHealth at the University of Texas at Dallas shows that strategy-based reasoning training can improve the cognitive performance for those with mild cognitive impairment, a preclinical stage of those at risk for Alzheimer's disease.
Writing their name in the stars: Citizen scientists discover huge galaxy cluster
Two volunteer participants in an international citizen science project have had a rare galaxy cluster that they found named after them.
Eating more whole grains linked with lower risk of death
Eating at least three servings of whole grains a day was associated with lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer and all causes in an analysis of nutrition studies.
Storage technologies for renewable energy can pay off
Storage systems can make economic sense for renewable energy sources such as wind and solar, according to new research led by MIT Assistant Professor Jessika Trancik.
USF researchers find stroke damages blood-spinal cord barrier
Researchers investigating the short and long-term effects of ischemic stroke in a rodent model have found that stroke can cause long-term damage to the blood-spinal cord barrier, which provides a specialized protective 'microenvironment' for neural cells in the spinal cord, creating a 'toxic environment' in the spinal cord that might leave stroke survivors susceptible to motor dysfunction and disease pathology.
New research uses novel approach to study plant mimicry
Batesian mimicry is a common evolutionary tool where unprotected species imitate harmful or poisonous species to protect themselves from predators.
In MS, can better sleep improve cognition?
People with multiple sclerosis often have trouble with memory, attention and mental processing.
Algorithm ranks thermotolerance of algae
A new tool developed at Northwestern University could play an important role in the race to save coral reefs and in any application that relies on rankings.
Research shows Antarctic lakes are a repository for ancient soot
Remote lakes in a perpetually ice-free area of Antarctica show not only the chemical signature of ancient wildfires, but also some much more recent evidence of fossil-fuel combustion, according to National Science Foundation-funded research published this week in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.
Arc volcano releases mix of material from Earth's mantle and crust
Basalt from a common type of volcano shows a surprising contribution from the descending oceanic plate.
FDG PET evaluates immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer
Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) have a collective reputation for not responding very well to chemotherapy.
Failed star creates its own spotlight in the universe
A research team led by John Gizis, professor in UD's Department of Physics and Astronomy, discovered an 'ultracool' brown dwarf known as 2MASS 0335+23, with a temperature of only 4400°F that can generate flares stronger than the sun's.
A new material can clear up nuclear waste gases
An international team of scientists at EPFL and the US have discovered a material that can clear out radioactive waste from nuclear plants more efficiently, cheaply, and safely than current methods.
Ferroelectric materials react unexpectedly to strain
Under too much strain, layered perovskite ferroelectrics turn off their polarization, Northwestern University researchers have found.
Probing proteins' 3-D structures suggests existing drugs may work for many cancers
Examining databases of proteins' 3-D shapes, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Drug treatment of hyperactivity in kids may have levelled off in UK
The tendency to treat childhood hyperactivity (ADHD) with drugs may have reached a plateau in the UK, following a steep rise in the number of prescriptions for these medicines over the past 20 years, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open.
Opioid unknowns
Nearly 15 percent of opioid-naïve patients hospitalized under Medicare are discharged with a new prescription for opioids.
Experimental antibiotic treats deadly MRSA infection
A new experimental antibiotic developed by a team of scientists at Rutgers University successfully treats the deadly MRSA infection and restores the efficacy of a commonly prescribed antibiotic that has become ineffective against MRSA.
Ancient DNA analysis explains spread of domestic goats from Fertile Crescent into Caucasus
Nagoya University-based researchers analyzed modern and ancient DNA to clarify that domestic goats in the Southern Caucasus are not descended from that region's wild goats.
DFG to fund 20 new collaborative research centers
Topics range from hepatitis viral infections and quantum systems to the adaptability of plants.
New research provides hope for patients with hard-to-treat breast cancer
CANCER RESEARCH UK scientists have found a new way to slow the growth of the most aggressive type of breast cancer, according to research published in the journal Oncogene* today (Monday).
Darwin's 'true century' was delayed until animal biographies illuminated social evolution
Over the last 50 years, long-term studies following individual animals over entire lifespans have allowed insight into the evolutionary influence of social behavior -- finally fulfilling the holistic approach to evolution first suggested by Darwin, argues the author of a new milestone work on mammal societies.
Study suggests another look at common treatments for hemophilia
A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine on May 26 showed that participants who received a recombinant therapy-- the present standard in the United States -- developed antibodies or 'inhibitors' to the treatments at almost twice the rate as those whose treatments were made from human plasma.
Scientists work to protect the kidneys from powerful cancer drug
Cisplatin is a common, powerful chemotherapy agent used for a wide range of cancers such as breast, ovarian and lung, that in a handful of days can also permanently damage or destroy patients' kidneys.
Culture crash: How common pediatric diseases affect the healthy intestinal microbiome
Tracy C. Grikscheit, M.D., pediatric surgeon and principal investigator at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles, treats a large number of young patients who require surgery for various intestinal diseases.
Military members with PTSD/depression can be treated successfully in primary care settings
The rate of PTSD and depression is high among active military members, but stigma often prevents them from seeking care from a mental health specialist.
United States Golf Association taps Danforth Center to improve course sustainability
Research will advance the development of salt-tolerant turf varieties.
The EU commits to research into ultra-efficient aero engines
The EU is investing over €3 million in innovative aero-engine technologies in the three-year 'Ultimate' project, short for 'Ultra Low emission Technology Innovations for Mid-century Aircraft Turbine Engines.' The project targets radical concepts for new aero engines, in line with the EU's long-term emissions reduction target for 2050.
Diabetes drug lowers risk of cardiovascular complications, kidney disease
According to data from the large, multinational LEADER clinical trial, the glucose-lowering drug liraglutide safely and effectively decreases the overall risk of heart attack, stroke, or cardiovascular death, kidney disease, and death from all causes for people with type 2 diabetes.
UChicago physicists first to see behavior of quantum materials in curved space
Harnessing the shared wave nature of light and matter, researchers at the University of Chicago led by Neubauer Family Assistant Professor of Physics Jonathan Simon have used light to explore some of the most intriguing questions in the quantum mechanics of materials.
Mongolia bestows highest honor on CSU's Fernández-Giménez
Colorado State University's Maria Fernández-Giménez has received the Order of the Polar Star from the government of Mongolia, the highest civilian honor the country presents to foreign nationals.
Screening strategy may predict lethal prostate cancer later in life
Through a prospective study of US men, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Harvard T.H.
Natural quasicrystals may be the result of collisions between objects in the asteroid belt
Experiment demonstrates that natural quasicrystals may have been formed by high-energy shocks between objects in the asteroid belt.
Proper maternal folate level may reduce child obesity risk
Proper maternal folate levels during pregnancy may protect children from a future risk of obesity, especially those born to obese mothers, according to a study led by researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health.
New discovery may improve future mosquito control
Major rainfall across most of Texas triggering hordes of mosquitos coupled with seemingly constant mosquito-related Zika virus media reports from around the globe may have set the stage perfectly for what one researcher deems as a very significant discovery in man's war against earth's leading human disease carrier.
New planet is largest discovered that orbits 2 suns
Kepler-1647 b is the largest in terms of size and mass and has the longest orbital period of any circumbinary planet discovered so far.
Caffeine has little to no benefit after 3 nights of sleep restriction
A new study found that after restricting sleep to 5 hours per night, caffeine use no longer improved alertness or performance after three nights.
Good fathers sing simple songs
The female Chinese Hume Warbler is attracted to males who sing simple songs, as opposed to the more common preference among birds of choosing males who sing the most complex songs.
Carbon dioxide biggest player in thawing permafrost
Carbon dioxide emissions from dry and oxygen-rich environments are likely to play a much greater role in controlling future rates of climate change caused by permafrost thaw than rates of methane release from oxygen-poor wetlands in the Arctic, according to research by a scientist at the University of Exeter.
Creating printable, programmable machines
In the future, we may be able to design and print our own robots that we can control with a smartphone and ... oh wait, we can do that today?
New planet is largest discovered that orbits 2 suns
If you cast your eyes toward the constellation Cygnus, you'll be looking in the direction of the largest planet yet discovered around a double-star system.
Study, research letter examine aspects of opioid prescribing, sharing
Pain-relieving prescription opioids are the subject of a new original investigation and research letter published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
A common enemy: Through clinical trials, veterinarian fights cancer in animals, humans
A Kansas State University veterinarian is conducting clinical trials to treat cancers in dogs, cats and other companion animals.
Researcher pushes for tool to combat drug shortages
Queen's University researcher Jacalyn Duffin and colleagues are recommending that Canada create a list of essential medicines to help protect against drug shortages.
Recharge with sleep: Pediatric sleep recommendations promoting optimal health
For the first time, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine has released official consensus recommendations for the amount of sleep needed to promote optimal health in children and teenagers to avoid the health risks of insufficient sleep.
Portuguese entrepreneurs to participate in MIT's International Workshop on Innovating
From June 13-17, a group of selected graduate students and entrepreneurs will be immersed in a residential, hands-on program designed for participants from Europe and from MIT.
DFG Europa-Preis awarded to 5 winners of the national 'Jugend forscht' competition
Mentors help young researchers prepare for EU competition in Brussels.
Carbon dioxide biggest player in thawing permafrost
Carbon dioxide emissions from dry and oxygen-rich environments will likely strengthen the climate forcing impact of thawing permafrost on top of methane release from oxygen-poor wetlands in the Arctic, according to a study led by Northern Arizona University assistant research professor Christina Schädel.
Receptor in nasal cavity may be linked to preference for high-fat food
A paper published by Brazilian researchers in the journal Scientific Reports describes a study showing that a subgroup of olfactory neurons in the nasal cavity express a cellular receptor specializing in the transport of lipid molecules, that may be linked to preference for high-fat food.
New nanomaterial offers promise in bendable, wearable electronic devices
An ultrathin film that is both transparent and highly conductive has been produced by a cheap and simple method devised by an international team of researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago and Korea University.
PET points to tau protein as leading culprit in Alzheimer's
Alzheimer's is a devastating and incurable disease marked by beta-amyloid and tau protein aggregations in the brain, yet the direct relationship between these proteins and neurodegeneration has remained a mystery.
Specific Technologies awarded $2.8 million NIH Commercialization Readiness Program grant
Specific Technologies, which has developed a new paradigm combining detection with ID of microorganisms growing in culture, announces that it is among the first recipients of a grant under the new NIH SBIR Commercial Readiness Program.
Not only in Hollywood: Gender pay gap persists in the arts
Danielle Lindemann, Assistant Professor of Sociology, is a lead author (with co-lead Carly A.
Blocking PRMT5 might force resistant brain-tumor cells into senescence, study suggests
A new study by researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center -- James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute suggests that blocking an enzyme called PRMT5 in tumor cells could be a promising new strategy for the treatment of glioblastoma, the most aggressive and lethal form of brain cancer.
Extreme trans-Neptunian objects lead the way to Planet Nine
In the race towards the discovery of a ninth planet in our solar system, scientists from around the world strive to calculate its orbit using the tracks left by the small bodies that move well beyond Neptune.
An unexpected origin for calming immune cells in the gut
Within the gut, the immune system must strike a perfect balance between protecting our bodies from infection and not overreacting to harmless foreign entities, including food.
Reclaiming the immune system's assault on tumors
One of the major obstacles with treating cancer is that tumors can conscript the body's immune cells and make them work for them.
Weird, water-oozing material could help quench thirst
Nanorods created by PNNL researchers have an unusual property -- spontaneously emitting water.
Mounting tension in the Himalaya
In the days following the April 2015 earthquake in Nepal, afterslip produced little surface evidence of continued movement.
Research targets corneal disease through imaging, analysis
A biomedical engineer at the University of Houston is developing new techniques to map the structural integrity of the human cornea, work that could lead to more effective therapies for degenerative corneal disease.
Six in ten adults prescribed opioid painkillers have leftover pills
In the midst of an epidemic of prescription painkiller addiction and overdose deaths, a new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health survey suggests that more than half of patients prescribed opioids have leftover pills -- and many save them to use later.
Lack of transportation hampers hungry children from getting free summer meals, study finds
Lack of transportation is a hurdle for many Texas families whose children could benefit from free meals, according to the Texas Hunger Initiative at Baylor University.
Middle-aged more likely to be diagnosed with advanced lung cancer
Younger patients aged 50 to 64 are more likely to be diagnosed with late stage lung cancer than older patients according to new data being presented at the Cancer Outcomes and Data Conference in Manchester today.
Can energy access end poverty?
On June 15, 2016, an interactive debate,
Researchers gear up galaxy-seeking robots for a test run
A prototype system that will test a planned array of 5,000 robots for a sky-mapping instrument is taking shape at Berkeley Lab.
Success in second language learning linked to genetic and brain measures
A new study by researchers at the University of Washington shows that the final grades that college students received in a second-language class were predicted by a combination of genetic and brain factors.
Nano 'hall of mirrors' causes molecules to mix with light
Researchers have successfully used quantum states to mix a molecule with light at room temperature, which will aid in the exploration of quantum technologies and provide new ways to manipulate the physical and chemical properties of matter.
Researchers discover new therapeutic approach for cardiorenal syndrome type 2
A study in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology suggests a new therapeutic approach to treat the development of chronic kidney disease secondary to chronic heart failure, known as cardiorenal syndrome type 2.
Mouse model shows that Notch activation can drive metastatic prostate cancer
Notch signaling is involved in prostate cancer and, in a paper published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers from Baylor College of Medicine and other institutions have shown that, in a mouse model of the disease, Notch promotes metastasis, or the ability of the tumors to spread to other organs.
Possible psoriasis drug target identified by Stanford researchers
Psoriasis is one of the most common human skin diseases.
Chronic sleep restriction negatively affects athletic performance
A new study found that chronic sleep restriction negatively affects athletic performance.
Eastern US needs 'connectivity' to help species escape climate change
For plants and animals fleeing rising temperatures, varying precipitation patterns and other effects of climate change, the eastern United States will need improved 'climate connectivity' for these species to have a better shot at survival.
A gene called Prkci helps organize organisms and their organs
A gene called Prkci can point cells in the right direction, according to a new study in Developmental Biology.
What are risk factors for dementia after intracerebral hemorrhage?
Larger hematoma size and location were risk factors associated with dementia after an intracerebral hemorrhage when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.
Journal of Dairy Science offers collection on balanced breeding selection for dairy cows
The Journal of Dairy Science is a leading source of scientific information on dairy breeding objectives and quantifying selection responses to new selection indices.
Radiation and vaccination can magnify effects of immunotherapy
By combining local radiation therapy and anti-cancer vaccines with checkpoint inhibitors, researchers from the University of Chicago -- working with mice -- were able to increase the response rate for these new immunotherapy agents.
Study gives new meaning to the term 'bird brain'
The first study to systematically measure the number of neurons in the brains of birds has found that they have significantly more neurons packed into their small brains than are stuffed into mammalian and even primate brains of the same mass.
Carbon dioxide biggest player in thawing permafrost
Carbon dioxide emissions from dry and oxygen-rich environments will likely strengthen the climate forcing impact of thawing permafrost on top of methane release from oxygen-poor wetlands in the Arctic, according to a study in Nature Climate Change.
Rice University's nanosubs gain better fluorescent properties for tracking
Rice University's single-molecule nanosubmersibles get enhanced fluorescence for better tracking.
Future summers could be hotter than any on record
In 50 years, summers across most of the globe could be hotter than any summer experienced by people to date, according to a study by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo.
Watching 'jumping genes' in action
Scientists have observed jumping gene activity in real time within living cells.
Video game playing negatively influences adequate sleep and bedtimes
A new study found that gamers will push off obtaining adequate sleep in order to continue video gaming.
Miniature scaffolding could support fight against superbugs
Tiny molecular scaffolding that joins molecules together could be the key to our battle against antibiotic resistance.
Drying Arctic soils could accelerate greenhouse gas emissions
A new study published in Nature Climate Change indicates soil moisture levels will determine how much carbon is released to the atmosphere as rising temperatures thaw Arctic lands.
Where were you born? Origin matters for species interactions
Based on experiments with two species of beetle, ecologists from Rice University and Louisiana State University have determined that the early life experiences of individuals that migrate between local habitats can have wide-reaching impacts on the distribution of species across entire ecosystems.
Study: Autologous stem cell transplant should be standard care for HIV-associated lymphoma
According to researchers, people with HIV-associated lymphoma who receive autologous stem cell transplant have similar survival rates and are no more at risk of serious complications compared to those without HIV receiving this therapy.
H. William Strauss, M.D., receives 2016 Benedict Cassen Prize
H. William (Bill) Strauss, M.D., F.A.C.N.M., was awarded the Benedict Cassen Prize, often considered the Nobel Prize of nuclear medicine, during the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.
Eating more whole grains linked with lower mortality rates
Eating more whole grains may reduce the risk of premature death, according to a new meta-analysis by researchers from Harvard T.H.
Physical activity builds stronger bones, even in children with genetic risk
Exercise, particularly high-impact activity, builds stronger bones in children, even for those who carry genetic variants that predispose them to bone weakness, according to new research.
EMBO welcomes Lithuania as its newest member
EMBO is pleased to announce that Lithuania has joined its intergovernmental funding body, the European Molecular Biology Conference.
ESMO 2016: From disease treatment to patient care
Learning about the latest advances, discussing the clinical challenges and opportunities for today's oncologists and learning from each other to achieve a common goal -- finding the best outcomes for cancer patients.
1st Conference of the European Association of Systems Medicine
Registration and abstract submission are now open for the first conference of the European Association of Systems Medicine (EASyM) on Oct.
Electronic bacteria sensor is potential future tool for medicine and food safety
A new type of electronic sensor that might be used to quickly detect and classify bacteria for medical diagnostics and food safety has passed a key hurdle by distinguishing between dead and living bacteria cells.
Topical application of antiretroviral drug combination prevents transmission of (S)HIV
Findings published last week in the journal PLOS ONE confirm that researchers from the Oak Crest Institute of Science have demonstrated for the first time that two powerful antiretroviral drugs can provide complete protection against HIV when delivered topically by a sustained release intravaginal ring (IVR) device.
Breastfeeding, antibiotics before weaning and BMI in later childhood
Breastfeeding in children who had received no antibiotics before weaning was associated with a decreased number of antibiotic courses after weaning and a decreased body mass index (BMI) later in childhood, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
New insights into neural computations in cerebral cortex
Scientists at the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) have provided strong evidence that the arrangement of synaptic connections within the dendritic field supports an active role for dendrites in cortical processing and that these dendritic computations shape how neurons encode visual information.
El Nino drives fastest annual increase on record of carbon dioxide
The rising concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide has passed a symbolic threshold early due to the fastest annual increase on record.
Environment protection, profit and safety through mosaic cultivation
How must a landscape be utilized in order to fulfill both ecological and socio-economical requirements?
Leading STEM publisher sees significant growth in journal impact factors
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers announces significant growth in the impact factors of its peer-reviewed journals, as reported in the new 2015 Journal Citation Reports® (Thomson Reuters, 2016).
New approach to microlasers
In this week's issue of Nature Photonics, researchers at MIT and Sandia National Laboratories describe a new way to build terahertz lasers that could significantly reduce their power consumption and size, while also enabling them to emit tighter beams, a crucial requirement for most practical applications.
Sleep duration varies by alcohol drinking patterns, race, and sex
Compared to their white counterparts within each alcohol drinking pattern (never, moderate, excessive) investigated, black men and women were significantly more likely to get less than six hours of sleep, less likely to get seven to eight hours of sleep and generally more likely to get nine or more hours of sleep.
Neutrons reveal unexpected magnetism in rare-earth alloy
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and their collaborators used neutron scattering to uncover magnetic excitations in the metallic compound ytterbium-platinum-lead.
Multi-center trial to test new treatment for chronic cough
The National Institute for Health Research has announced that a clinical trial to test a promising new treatment for chronic cough could lead to the first new cough drug in 50 years.
San Francisco State University astronomer helps discover giant planet orbiting 2 suns
A team of researchers has discovered a new planet that orbits two suns simultaneously.
UPSC Berzelii Centre becomes Vinnova Competence Centre
VINNOVA, Sweden's Innovation Agency, has decided to continue funding the activities of the UPSC Berzelii Centre for Forest Biotechnology at Umeå University for five more years (2017-2021).
Wellesley research: Life's origins may result from low-energy electron reactions in space
At the American Astronomical Society national conference press briefings, Wellesley Professor Chris Arumainayagam presents findings from the first systematic study to demonstrate that early building blocks of life may be produced when low-energy (< 20 eV) electrons interact with cosmic (interstellar, planetary, and cometary) ices.

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