Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 14, 2016
Pituitary tissue grown from human stem cells releases hormones in rats
Researchers have successfully used human stem cells to generate functional pituitary tissue that secretes hormones important for the body's stress response as well as for its growth and reproductive functions.

Scientists detect gray matter changes in brains of teenagers with type 2 diabetes
Teenagers with type 2 diabetes have significant changes in total brain gray matter volume and in regions of gray matter involved in seeing and hearing, memory, emotions, speech, decision making, and self-control.

Genetic secrets of algae provide vital insight into coral bleaching
A UNSW Australia-led team of researchers has identified genes that allow some algae living in corals to tolerate higher ocean temperatures than others.

Stop cells in the brain
Neuroscientists of the universities of Cologne and Montreal have discovered neural mechanisms that control the termination of locomotion.

Study compares effectiveness of weight-loss drugs
In an analysis that included nearly 30,000 overweight or obese adults, compared with placebo, orlistat, lorcaserin, naltrexone-bupropion, phentermine-topiramate, and liraglutide were each associated with achieving at least 5 percent weight loss at 52 weeks, and phentermine-topiramate and liraglutide were associated with the highest odds of achieving at least 5 percent weight loss, according to a study appearing in the June 14 issue of JAMA.

New plant engineering method could help fill demand for crucial malaria drug
A new and inexpensive technique for mass-producing the main ingredient in the most effective treatment for malaria, artemisinin, could help meet global demands for the drug, according to a study to be published in the journal eLife.

Sustainability criteria for transport biofuels need improvements
In its Renewable Energy Directive, the European Union has set a 10 percent goal for the use of renewable energy in transport by 2020.

Global ethane concentrations rising again, says CU-Boulder-led study
Global emissions of ethane, an air pollutant and greenhouse gas, are on the uptick again, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

Empathy for others' pain rooted in cognition rather than sensation, CU-Boulder study finds
The ability to understand and empathize with others' pain is grounded in cognitive neural processes rather than sensory ones, according to the results of a new study led by University of Colorado Boulder researchers.

Young African-American adults are less susceptible to delirium in ICU than Caucasians
The first study to evaluate the relationship between race and intensive care unit delirium has found that African-American ICU patients age 18 to 50 are less susceptible to delirium than similarly aged Caucasians or than either African-American or Caucasian ICU patients age 50 or older.

As Olympics near, study finds low levels of physical activity in Brazil
A large study confirms that physical activity provides Brazilians with significant cardio-metabolic health benefits, but reports that fewer than three in 10 participants are active.

Modern mussel shells much thinner than 50 years ago
Shells of California mussels collected from the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Washington in the 1970s are on average 32 percent thicker than modern specimens, according to a new study published by University of Chicago biologists.

ACMG Foundation receives funding from Pfizer for genetics training residencies/fellowships
The ACMG Foundation for Genetic and Genomic Medicine announced that it has received a $165,000 commitment from Pfizer to provide funding for education and training in clinical genetics in the form of fellowship grants for 2017-2019.

Helping co-workers can wear you out
Helping your coworkers too often can lead to mental and emotional exhaustion and hurt your job performance, a new study suggests.

A new framework for inferring community assembly processes in ecology
One of the most fundamental goals in ecology -- determining the community assembly processes that have structured local communities -- has been increasingly studied through the analysis of functional and phylogenetic diversity.

Researchers release 'Frankenturtles' into Chesapeake Bay
Researchers at William & Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science are working to reduce sea turtle mortality by trying to pinpoint where the hundreds of dead loggerhead sea turtles that wash up on Chesapeake Bay beaches each summer may have succumbed.

Foam explosion in super slow motion (video)
You might have seen this wacky experiment in a chemistry class or on late-night TV.

Engineers develop a new biosensor chip for detecting DNA mutations
Bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego have developed an electrical graphene chip capable of detecting mutations in DNA.

Thirteen public and private universities call for more federal investment in agricultural research
Thirteen prominent research institutions in the United States joined the SoAR Foundation today in calling for a surge in federal support of food and agricultural science.

Genome sequencing helps determine end of tuberculosis outbreak
Using genome sequencing, researchers from the University of British Columbia, along with colleagues at the Imperial College in London, now have the ability to determine when a tuberculosis outbreak is over.

New equation reveals how other people's fortunes affect our happiness
A new equation, showing how our happiness depends not only on what happens to us but also how this compares to other people, has been developed by UCL researchers funded by Wellcome.

Hurricane Sandy: Collection of post-disaster studies published by DMPHP journal
Following the devastation by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012, a group of subject matter experts was convened by the New York Academy of Medicine to identify disaster research priorities.

IBS breakthrough in the treatment of cancer
The research team, headed by the Center's director Myung Kyungjae, made the announcement in a manuscript published in the American Association for Cancer Research on June 6.

California 'street tree' benefits valued at $1 billion
A new study from the US Forest Service estimates trees lining Californian streets provide benefits worth $1 billion.

Researchers uncover how environmental pollutant dioxin alters brain development in mice
Researchers centered at the University of Tsukuba have unveiled key processes involved in the toxicity of dioxin, an environmental pollutant that has been linked to impaired brain development.

Study enables first-time analysis of earliest stage of HIV infection
The first days after HIV infection are very important because sexual partners are exposed to extremely high risks of infection due to the subsequent high viral load in the infected person.

Brain in a dish to learn more about Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at the Babraham Institute have found a way to replicate one of the earliest changes in Alzheimer's disease in a dish.

Researchers discover why stress leads to increased seizures in epilepsy patients
For epilepsy patients, stress and anxiety can exacerbate their condition; increasing the frequency and severity of seizures.

Physicists measured something new in the radioactive decay of neutrons
NIST research has enhanced scientists' understanding of how free neutrons decay into other particles.

Healthy plant-based diet linked with substantially lower type 2 diabetes risk
Consuming a plant-based diet -- especially one rich in high-quality plant foods such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and legumes -- is linked with substantially lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

MicroRNA may help control arterial thrombosis
In a new study published online this week in The FASEB Journal, a Brigham and Women's Hospital research team investigated the role of miR-181b in blocking the development of arterial thrombosis.

Researchers improve biosensors to detect E. coli
Washington State University researchers have developed a portable biosensor that makes it easier to detect harmful bacteria.

Community-based program improves depression in chronic pain patients
A community-based pain management programme for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain has improved depression and social integration, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).

Garlic mustard populations likely to decline
Garlic mustard, an invasive plant affecting forested areas in the Midwestern and Eastern United States, secretes a chemical called sinigrin into soil to deter the growth of other plants and decrease competition.

NFL, NBA, and NHL teams have a disadvantage when traveling west
A new study found that the NFL, NBA and NHL teams traveling from west to east had a higher winning percentage compared to teams traveling in the opposite direction.

CT-based calculations improve accuracy of PET for cancer patients
Cancer patients often experience significant fluctuations in weight and lean body mass (LBM).

Study finds increase in severity of firearm injuries, in-hospital fatality rate
In a study appearing in the June 14 issue of JAMA, Angela Sauaia, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, and colleagues examined patterns of gunshot wound-associated severity and mortality at a Colorado urban trauma center.

'Inspired to Change' honored with Bugbee Falk Book Award
AUPHA selects ;Inspired to Change,' by the University of Michigan Frankel Cardiovascular Center's Linda Larin, as an innovative work in healthcare management and policy education.

End of an era: New sixth volume Research on Chrysomelidae the last with its original editors
The latest volume devoted to the intriguing leaf beetles marks a turning point for the Chrysomelidae community.

Policing: 2 officers 'on the beat' prevent 86 assaults and save thousands in prison costs
The results of a major criminology experiment in Peterborough suggest that investing in proactive PCSO foot patrols targeting crime 'hot spots' could yield a more than five-to-one return: with every £10 spent saving £56 in prison costs.

Youth with parents, household members in prison more likely to have first baby before marriage
Youth between ages 10 and 14 when a household member goes to prison are at a 41 percent greater risk for giving birth to their first child before marriage.

New analytical technology to quantify anti-cancer drugs inside cancer cells
University of Oklahoma researchers will apply a new analytical technology that could ultimately provide a powerful tool for improved treatment of cancer patients in Oklahoma and beyond.

Creation of critical health technologies at heart of international agreement
The global need for new health technology solutions is the impetus for an agreement between Simon Fraser University, the City of Surrey, B.C. and France's Société d'Accélération du Transfert de Technologies (SATT Grand Centre), a key player in advancing technology transfer in that country.

How citizen journalism can lead to cyber bullying
Citizen journalism is often seen as a more democratic form of journalism, where the public contributes to the reporting, analysis and dissemination of news.

Chill coffee beans for a more flavorsome brew, say scientists
In the lead up to the World Barista Championships, University of Bath scientists say brewing more flavorsome coffee could be as simple as chilling the beans before grinding.

Sunflower pollen protects bees from parasites
Solitary mason bees specializing on sunflower pollen were not attacked by a common brood-parasitic wasp, which lays eggs in the nests, where its larvae kill bee eggs and eat their pollen provisions.

First detection of a chiral molecule in space
A new study reports the first detection of chiral molecules in space, paving the way to understanding why chirality is 'biased' on Earth.

Clemson scientist receives $424,000 grant to study parasite that infects tens of millions
Clemson University scientist Cheryl Ingram-Smith has been awarded a three-year, $424,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study the inner workings of a parasite that causes 50 million cases of amoebic dysentery each year and kills 50,000 to 100,000.

PharmaMar announces the start of a pivotal study with plitidepsin in T-cell lymphoma
The primary endpoint is to analyze the efficacy of plitidepsin in the type of hematological cancer, angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, which is classified as a rare disease.

Life's first handshake: Chiral molecule detected in interstellar space
A team of scientists using highly sensitive radio telescopes has discovered the first complex organic chiral molecule in interstellar space.

Migraine as a risk marker for stroke and heart attack
A team of researchers led by Professor Tobias Kurth, Head of the Institute of Public Health at Charité -- Universitätsmedizin Berlin, has now been able to establish the following: female migraine patients have a higher risk of stroke or heart attacks than women without migraine.

University of Montana researcher helps break ground on forecasting earthquakes
A University of Montana researcher is part of a team whose research is breaking ground on the complexity of earthquakes and the possibility to forecast them.

A boost for steel: A smarter and safer way to tackle corrosion
A team from Swansea University which is developing a new 'smart release' corrosion inhibitor, for use in coated steel products, has won the Materials Science Venture Prize awarded by The Worshipful Company of Armourers and Brasiers.

IVCC receives grant to support its work in vector control
IVCC is pleased to announce that it has received its third and largest grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, with an additional $75 million over the next five years.

Overcome strength-training plateau with accentuated eccentric loading
Many experienced strength trainers try to overcome a plateau by trying to adapt their strength program, however this is sometimes ineffective.

After legal-ivory experiment, black markets thrive from greater demand, less risk
Researchers from Princeton University and the University of California-Berkeley found that a one-time legal sale of ivory intended to stifle elephant poaching in Africa actually expanded the black market for ivory and led to the slaughter of more elephants.

Senior moments explained: Older adults have weaker clutter control
A new study from the Georgia Institute of Technology finds that older people struggle to remember important details because their brains can't resist the irrelevant 'stuff' they soak up subconsciously.

Research reveals pain and pleasure of sad music
Sad music can provide enjoyment, comfort or pain to different people, according to new research looking at the effects of melancholy songs on the emotions.

Drum beats from a one atom thick graphite membrane
Researchers at TIFR, Mumbai, demonstrate the ability to electrically manipulate the vibrations of a drum, of nanometer scale thickness, a million times smaller than that of human hair.

Prescription of long-acting opioids associated with increased risk of death
Prescription of long-acting opioids for chronic noncancer pain was associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality, including deaths from causes other than overdose, compared with anticonvulsants or cyclic antidepressants, according to a study appearing in the June 14, 2016 issue of JAMA.

How insights into human learning can foster smarter artificial intelligence
Recent breakthroughs in creating artificial systems that outplay humans in a diverse array of challenging games have their roots in neural networks inspired by information processing in the brain.

Underlying connection found between diverse materials with extreme magnetoresistance
Researchers at Princeton University studying the intersection of materials chemistry and physics have found a connection in the underlying physics of materials with extreme magnetoresistance, a property that could be very useful in magnetic memory.

DNA in 'unbiased' model curls both ways
Rice University scientists find DNA superhelices turn left as well as right in an 'unbiased' computer model of chromosomes during mitosis.

A call for consensus standards to ensure the quality of cell lines
Permanent lines of cloned cells are mainstays of biomedical research.

Mayo Clinic researchers develop accurate way to measure growth factor linked to aging
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have developed an accurate way to measure a circulating factor, called GDF11, to better understand its potential impact on the aging process.

Low-tech system overcomes barriers preventing doctor-patient chat about drinking habits
Primary care doctors are reluctant to talk to patients about their drinking habits, for fear of being perceived as judgmental.

MicroRNAs help to predict disease progression in brain tumors
Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich have developed a new method of predicting disease progression in gliobastoma patients who have undergone standard treatment.

A new business model is needed to drive antibiotic development
The current business model for antibiotics is plagued by market failures and perverse incentives that both work against conservation efforts and provide insufficient rewards to drive the development of much-needed new treatments for resistant infection according to Kevin Outterson, from Boston University School of Law, Boston, US and Chatham House, UK, and colleagues in an Essay published in PLOS Medicine.

Taking PDE5 inhibitors for erectile dysfunction unlikely to increase risk of skin cancer
Three drugs widely prescribed for erectile dysfunction are unlikely to increase risk of malignant melanoma, according to a study published in the journal PLOS Medicine.

Prebiotic molecule detected in interstellar cloud
For the first time, a chiral molecule has been detected outside of our solar system.

Protein structure paves the way for new broad spectrum antifungals
A promising new target for antifungals has emerged: stopping the production of trehalose, a chemical cousin to table sugar that the deadly pathogenic fungi Cryptococcus, Candida, and Aspergillus need to survive in human hosts.

Huge ancient river basin explains location of the world's fastest flowing glacier
An ancient basin hidden beneath the Greenland ice sheet, discovered by researchers at the University of Bristol, may help explain the location, size and velocity of Jakobshavn Isbræ, Greenland's fastest flowing outlet glacier.

Microbes in pressed grapes may predict flavor metabolites in the finished wine
The microbial mix found in grape juice during the winemaking process may help shape the terroir of a finished wine, report food scientists at the University of California, Davis.

Alcohol dependent individuals show greater risk of suicide in evening hours
A new study found that there is a circadian pattern of peak and nadir in the incidence of suicides committed in alcohol dependent individuals.

Opioids increase risk of death when compared to other pain treatments
Long-acting opioids are associated with a significantly increased risk of death when compared with alternative medications for moderate-to-severe chronic pain, according to a Vanderbilt study released today in JAMA.

Origin of a myth: The second trauma cure for amnesia
A Drexel professor explains how scientists' limited and faulty understanding of the brain hundreds of years ago gave birth to the erroneous idea that amnesia induced by a blow to the head can be cured by a second 'conk.'

FAU researchers launch open innovation project
Researchers at Germany's Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg are making a new system that has the potential to be used for diagnostic application and individual therapy monitoring for patients with movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease the subject of an open innovation project.

New study explains how very aggressive cancer cells use energy to divide, move
A new study explains how cancer cells use energy to fuel this switch between motion and proliferation.

Adolescent alcohol and marijuana use predicts poor academic performance & health problems
Adolescents who use both marijuana and alcohol during middle school and high school are more likely to have poor academic performance and mental health during high school, according to a new study that followed a group of students over a seven-year period.

Eukaryote process of programmed fork arrest determined
A research collaboration between the Medical University of South Carolina, the Institute of Human Genetics in France, and Howard Hughes Medical Institute at Rockefeller University has revealed the means by which cells accomplish programmed DNA replication arrest.

Polymer 'pens'
The University of Delaware's Thomas H. Epps, III, and a collaborator Kai Qi from DuPont Performance Materials have received a grant from the National Science Foundation to investigate a new approach to manufacturing small-scale structures that are cheaper, lighter and defect-free.

Bariatric surgery significantly improves lipid profile in obese patients
Fifty years after the first reported partial-ileal bypass, metabolic surgery has an established role in achieving weight loss and reducing cardiovascular death in obese patients.

Researchers find possible missing link between sleep and improved memory
A team of sleep researchers at the University of California, Riverside, led by psychology professor Sara C.

Geohazard: Giant sinkholes near West Texas oil patch towns are growing -- as new ones lurk
Two giant sinkholes that sit between two West Texas oil patch towns are growing -- and two new ones appear to be lurking, say geophysicists at Southern Methodist University, Dallas.

Climate and society will determine the future of wildfire in the South
A new study by US Forest Service scientists and collaborators projects a 4 percent increase overall in acres burned by wildfire in the Southeast by 2060, but with substantial uncertainties and large variations by state and ecoregion, including a 34 percent increase in acres burned due to lightning-caused fires.

Americans are getting heart-healthier: Coronary heart disease decreasing in the US
Coronary heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the United States.

A call for developing -- and using -- consensus standards to ensure the quality of cell lines
Writing in the June 2016 issue of PLOS Biology, scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology call for 'community action' to assemble a 'comprehensive toolkit for assuring the quality of cell lines,' employed at the start of every study.

Lifestyle habits linked to pain conditions already in childhood
Poor physical fitness and sedentary behavior are linked to increased pain conditions in children as young as 6-8 years old, according to the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children Study ongoing at the University of Eastern Finland.

Higher intake of whole grains associated with lower risk of major chronic diseases and death
A higher intake of whole grain foods is associated with reduced risk of major chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, as well as lower risk of death from a range of diseases, show findings published by The BMJ today.

Virus uses 'stolen' CRISPR to hack its host's immune system
Microbiologists have discovered that the Cyanophage N1 virus carries a DNA sequence -- a CRISPR -- that is generally used by bacteria to fight off viral infection.

Biophysics fights cancer
Whether it focuses on determining why certain cancers develop drug resistance, finding a way to improve individual's immune systems or better understanding cancer cell evolution, fundamental scientific research will 'stand up to cancer' with three new awards from the National Science Foundation.

Sleepiness and fatigue linked to brain atrophy in cognitively normal elderly
A new study found that normal older adults who experience excessive sleepiness during the day or significant fatigue may have more brain atrophy than expected for their age, particularly in areas of the brain that are more susceptible to aging and Alzheimer's disease.

'Traffic-light' and numeric calorie labels cut calorie consumption by 10 percent
When researchers added color-coded or numeric calorie labels to online food ordering systems, the total calories ordered was reduced by about 10 percent when compared to menus featuring no calorie information at all.

Antiphonal singing in indris
Young indris avoid singing in synchrony with the rest of the chorus, shows a new study.

15 minutes daily exercise may be reasonable target in older adults
Fifteen minutes of daily exercise is associated with a 22 percent lower risk of death and may be a reasonable target for older adults, reveals research presented today at the EuroPRevent 2016 meeting by Dr.

Discovery of a new mating position in frogs
Six mating positions (amplexus modes) are known among the almost 7,000 species of frogs and toads found worldwide.

The social life of health information
Most Americans go online for information and support about health-related issues.

Fighting virtual reality sickness
Columbia Engineering Professor Steven K. Feiner has developed a way to combat virtual reality sickness that can be applied to consumer head-worn VR displays, such as the Oculus Rift, HTC Vive, Sony PlayStation VR, and Google Cardboard.

Bone hormone boosts muscle performance during exercise but declines with age
When we exercise, our bones produce a hormone called osteocalcin that increases muscle performance, according to a study publishing June 14 in a Cell Metabolism special issue on aging.

Even when help is just a click away, stigma is still a roadblock
Stigma is a major barrier preventing people with mental health issues from getting the help they need.

Preparing medical students for the 'third science'
Penn State College of Medicine faculty are helping shape the 'third science' of medical education by defining what health systems science is and how student perception of it should be addressed in designing curriculum.

Why do women live longer than men?
Women live longer than men. This simple statement holds a tantalizing riddle that Steven Austad, Ph.D., and Kathleen Fischer, Ph.D., of the University of Alabama at Birmingham explore in a perspective piece published in Cell Metabolism on June 14.

Upward trend in fatalities in organized violence was broken in 2015
The alarming upward trend in fatalities in organized violence, witnessed over the last few years, was broken in 2015.

EU project helps boost 'organic' electronics
Light-up clothing, medical sensors and electronic wallpaper are just a few of the possible future applications that may be enabled by flexible and printable electronics using carbon-based materials.

Mayo Clinic researchers link specific enzyme to process of metabolic dysfunction in aging
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified the enzyme, called CD38, that is responsible for the decrease in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) during aging, a process that is associated with age-related metabolic decline.

Study confirms that breast is best for premature babies' hearts
Breastfeeding premature babies improves long-term heart structure and function, an Oxford University study has found.

Neolithic paddy soil reveals the impacts of agriculture on microbial diversity
A recent study examined the microbial composition and function differences between a buried Neolithic paddy soil and an adjacent, currently-cultivated paddy soil using high throughput metagenomics technologies.

Laws limiting alcohol sales may have measurable public health effects
Residents in Texas counties that permit the sale of alcohol have a higher incidence and prevalence of alcohol misuse, liver disease and some heart problems, but fewer heart attacks, compared to residents in counties with alcohol restricting laws, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

Mayo Clinic neuropathologist awarded international professional society's highest honor
Dennis W. Dickson, M.D., a neuropathologist at Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida, will receive the highest honor bestowed by the American Association of Neuropathologists, an international society of physicians and scientists who study, diagnose and treat diseases related to the brain, nerves and muscles.

New study shows nighttime sleep-aid helps people experiencing occasional sleeplessness
New research presented today at SLEEP 2016 shows that an over-the-counter sleep aid helps people suffering from occasional sleep difficulties fall asleep in less than 20 minutes, on average, and improves their reported quality of sleep.

These maps reveal where rats, monkeys, and other mammals may pass diseases on to humans
The majority of infectious diseases currently emerging as human epidemics originated in mammals.

Antibiotics against severe salmonella infections in Africa increasingly ineffective
Salmonella infections in the bloodstream, caused by Salmonella enterica bacteria, are still the cause of many deaths in southern regions and Southeast Asia.

US researchers call for re-evaluation of microbial testing of cannabis
A new US study suggests that some of the medicinal benefits of dispensary grade cannabis could be compromised because the flowers host potentially harmful yeasts and toxic molds, which cannot be detected by industry standard culturing techniques.

Victor Flambaum becomes new GRC Fellow at Mainz University
Professor Victor Flambaum, head of the Department of Theoretical Physics at the University of New South Wales in Australia, has been appointed a new Fellow of the Gutenberg Research College.

Even the refugee crisis and rugby get a helping hand from Big Data
At the end of June Eindhoven hosts the European Data Forum 2016.

UNIST Design School wins international design awards
A design team, affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, located in Ulsan, South Korea has been recognized by this year's Core77 Awards for engineering innovative packaging concept to provide emotional relief to young children in poor communities.

PLOS Medicine Policy Forum: Direct-to-consumer marketing to people with hemophilia
The manner in which pharmaceutical companies market their products to people who have hemophilia appears unprecedented and direct-to-consumer marketing should be examined by regulators, say researchers who reviewed documents, including consumer-oriented materials, produced by the makers of hemophilia treatment products.

Childhood abuse, parental death and divorce are linked to adult insomnia symptoms
Child abuse, parental divorce and parental death, where shown to be associated with higher rates of adult insomnia.

Islands and their ecosystems
Juliano Sarmento Cabral comes from a country with a tropical-subtropical climate.

New insights uncovered into Prader-Willi syndrome
A study published in the journal Human Molecular Genetics by researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles provides novel insights into the brain mechanisms underlying the insatiable hunger and subsequent obesity in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome.

Novel portable diagnostic tool pairs optical and gamma imaging
Bigger isn't always better, especially when it comes to a new and surprisingly portable molecular imaging system that combines optical imaging at the surface level and scintigraphy, which captures the physiological function of what lies beneath, announced developers at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI).

Discovery of gold nanocluster 'double' hints at other shape changing particles
Setting out to confirm the predicted structure of the iconic nanocluster, Gold-144, researchers discovered an entirely unexpected atomic arrangement.

Blood pressure medications reduce stroke and heart attack in peritoneal dialysis patients
Two classes of blood pressure medications are associated with a 16 percent lower risk of cardiovascular events in patients who are undergoing peritoneal dialysis.

Earth Science in September: GSA's Denver meeting is earlier this year
Registration is open for The Geological Society of America's Annual Meeting & Exposition, to be held 25-28 September 2016 at the Colorado Convention Center in Denver, Colorado, USA.

Study shows that plasma protein supplementation helps prevent cell death in diabetes
Diabetes continues to be a global health problem, with the number of cases projected to rise from 285 million in 2010 to nearly 400 million by the year 2030.

Sleep hormone helps breast cancer drug kill more cancer cells
Tiny bubbles filled with the sleep hormone melatonin can make breast cancer treatment more effective, which means people need a lower dose, giving them less severe side effects.

Consistent links between capacity to delay gratification and ADHD, obesity
Individuals diagnosed with ADHD or obesity are more likely to choose smaller immediate rewards over larger future rewards.

Cats seem to grasp the laws of physics
Cats understand the principle of cause and effect as well as some elements of physics.

A light microscope made only with consumer electronic products
ICFO researchers develop a novel low-cost, compact, portable on-chip light microscope capable of carrying out ultrasensitive analysis of transparent objects and biomarkers in a large detection volume.

How to diagnose systemic infections much more quickly and reliably
A Wyss Institute team led by Donald Ingber reports in eBioMedicine a rapid and specific diagnostic assay to detect infectious pathogenic material that could help physicians decide within an hour whether a patient has a systemic infection and should be hospitalized for aggressive intervention therapy.

Infectious disease risks at the Rio de Janeiro Olympic and Paralympic Games
Visitors to the 2016 Olympics and Paralympics Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil will be most at risk of gastrointestinal illness and vector-borne infections concludes ECDC's updated rapid risk assessment on the Games.

Nanoprobe enables measurement of protein dynamics in living cells
A team of researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital and the Rowland Institute at Harvard University have used a specialized nanoprobe developed by the Harvard/Rowland investigators to directly measure levels of key proteins within living, cultured cells.

Zika's potential threat to world blood supply deserves study -- and action
Blood safety researchers say it is highly likely that the mosquito-borne Zika virus can be transmitted through blood transfusions and are calling for an evidence-based approach to protecting the blood supply from the threat of Zika virus according to a commentary in the journal Transfusion.

Burning for knowledge: Researchers set to ignite fire in space
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University, NASA John H. Glenn Research Center and around the world will perform the largest fire-safety experiment ever in space when the unmanned Cygnus cargo module backs a safe distance from the International Space Station, scheduled for Tuesday afternoon.

Landmark study suggests cranberries can decrease use of antibiotics
Leading experts on infectious disease and urinary tract infections gathered in London to discuss the alarming state of antibiotic resistance, and present findings from a landmark study that conclusively shows that cranberries can be a nutritional approach to reducing symptomatic UTIs, and as a result, may be a useful strategy to decrease worldwide use of antibiotics.

Oxytocin in the recognition of emotions
Studies have demonstrated that oxytocin plays a role in facilitating the perception of emotions in other people's facial expressions.

Deep learning system for drug discovery to be presented at the Machine Intelligence Summit in Berlin
Following the publication of the first proof of concept of predicting the functional properties of drugs by their transcriptional response signature, scientists at Insilico Medicine developed a multimodal input drug discovery engine capable of predicting therapeutic use, toxicity and adverse effects of thousands of molecules.

Spintronics: Resetting the future of heat assisted magnetic recording
A HZB team has examined thin films of Dysprosium-Cobalt sputtered onto a nanostructured membrane at BESSY II.

Diet and diabetes risk: More (fruit and vegetables) is less
Healthy diets rich in fruit and vegetables have the potential to reduce incidence of type 2 diabetes, according to a new research article by Ambika Satija and colleagues published in PLOS Medicine. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to