Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 17, 2016
Exercise may have therapeutic potential for expediting muscle repair in older populations
Here's another reason why you should hit the gym regularly as you grow older: A new report appearing online in The FASEB Journal shows that regular exercise plays a critical role in helping muscles repair themselves as quickly as possible after injury.

LED technology used in Indonesia to monitor safety at construction sites
A safety monitoring method called On-Site Visualization has been implemented in metro system construction sites in Jakarta, Indonesia as part of a Japan International Cooperation Agency project.

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors have been pursued for decades as potential molecular targets to treat cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease due to their demonstrated role in processes underlying cognition.

Bacterial physiology: Two sensors for the price of one
Uptake of potassium by bacteria is regulated by a single protein that senses the concentration of this cation both inside the cell and in the external medium, and controls the expression of the corresponding transport protein accordingly.

AGS continues conferences exploring cutting-edge geriatrics thanks to NIA/NIH U13 Program
The American Geriatrics Society will continue a series of prestigious scientific conferences on emerging issues in geriatrics thanks to sustained funding from the National Institute on Aging as part of the National Institutes of Health Research Conference Cooperative Agreement (or 'U13') Program.

Researchers open hairy new chapter in 3-D printing
Researchers in MIT's Media Lab have found a way to bypass a major design step in 3-D printing, to quickly and efficiently model and print thousands of hair-like structures.

ACP tells Congress that bipartisan legislation to reduce gun violence is critical
The American College of Physicians yesterday sent a letter to House and Senate leaders urging them to swiftly pass legislation that would ensure the safety of Americans by reducing the threat of injury or death from firearms.

Unexpected excess of giant planets in star cluster
An international team of astronomers have found that there are far more planets of the hot Jupiter type than expected in a cluster of stars called Messier 67.

Dewatering natural fiber suspensions via compression
A group of Canadian/UK researchers mimicked the compression of a traditional French coffee-making press to characterize the dewatering properties of natural fiber suspensions.

David W. Schindler to receive the SETAC Rachel Carson Award
The Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry will present David W.

Scientists seek new physics using ORNL's intense neutrino source
Soon to be deployed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory is an experiment to explore new physics associated with neutrinos.

Tiny mirror improves microscope resolution for studying cells
A tiny mirror could make a huge difference for scientists trying to understand what's happening in the micron-scale structures of living cells.

Safety-net hospitals remain vital resource for minority patients following health reform
A new study led by researchers at Boston Medical Center found that the proportion of discharges among minority patients receiving inpatient care at minority-serving hospitals in Massachusetts increased after the implementation of health insurance reform measures which expanded access to care in non-safety net hospitals.

Northeastern researchers find T-Mobile's Binge On doesn't live up to the hype
New research shows that what T-Mobile promises about free video streaming with Binge On is not what users, or content providers, may actually get.

Potential drug target identified for Zika, similar viruses
A team at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Penn Nursing's Mary Naylor, Ph.D., R.N., named a Distinguished Investigator by AcademyHealth
Mary D. Naylor, Ph.D., R.N., F.A.A.N., the Marian S. Ware Professor in Gerontology, and Director of NewCourtland Center for Transitions and Health in the Department of Biobehavioral Health Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing is the recipient of the 2016 AcademyHealth Distinguished Investigator Award.

The PI3K protein: A potential new therapeutic target in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
Researchers from Institute of Biomedical Investigation of Bellvitge have demonstrated that selective inactivation of the p110α PI3K isoform is sufficient to block tumor progression and metastasis in a mice model of PanNETs.

Circuit technology that resolves issues with high-frequency piezoelectric resonators
In collaboration with the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Associate Professor Hiroyuki Ito and Professor Kazuya Masu, et al., of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, developed a new algorithm and circuit technology allowing high-frequency piezoelectric resonators to be used for phase locked loops (PLL).

Growing customer power requires a strategic sales response
Organizations need to integrate their sales activities more both internally and with customers' needs according to a new book co-authored by an academic at the University of East Anglia.

Women from the Caribbean and Africa at highest risk of ICU admission during childbirth
Women born in the Caribbean or Africa are two times more likely to be admitted to an intensive care unit at the time of their delivery than Canadian-born women, a new study has found.

Scientists discover mechanism of thalidomide
In the 1950s, thalidomide (Contergan) was prescribed as a sedative drug to pregnant women, resulting in a great number of infants with serious malformations.

Researchers refine method for detecting quantum entanglement
In the future when quantum computers become available, this method can potentially serve as a tool in certifying whether the system has enough entanglement between the qubits.

The pizza slice that comes at a price
A scientific report announces emerging risk caused by wood burning stoves in pizza restaurants and charcoal in steakhouses to the environment.

New imaging method reveals nanoscale details about DNA
A research team with Stanford's W.E. Moerner has developed a new enhanced DNA imaging technique that can probe the structure of individual DNA strands at the nanoscale.

World's first 1,000-processor chip
A microchip containing 1,000 independent programmable processors has been designed by a team at the University of California, Davis, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Mothers with diabetes more likely to also have anti-fetal brain autoantibodies
Mothers of children with autism and were diagnosed with metabolic conditions during pregnancy, particularly gestational and type 2 diabetes, were more likely to have anti-fetal brain autoantibodies in their blood compared to healthy women of children with autism.

Mother mongooses may risk death to protect unborn children
Mothers will do anything to protect their children, but mongooses go a step further.

Animal hormone is involved in plant stress memory
Regulating melatonin production in plants via drought priming could be a promising approach to enhancing abiotic stress tolerance of crops in future climate scenarios.

Astrophysicists release new study of one of the first stars
Timothy Beers, the Notre Dame Chair in Astrophysics, is part of a team that has used the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph on the Hubble Space Telescope to study key regions of the ultraviolet spectrum of a star thought to have been enriched by elements from one of the first generation of stars.

New surface makes oil contamination remove itself
Researchers of Aalto University have developed surfaces where oil transports itself to desired directions.

New mechanism activates the immune system against tumor cells
It is currently one challenge in cancer research to activate the body's natural defences to eliminate tumour cells.

Marrying superconductors, lasers, and Bose-Einstein condensates
As superconductors, lasers, and Bose-Einstein condensates all share a common feature, it has been expected that it should be able to see these features at the same time.

ECDC rapid risk assessment outlines actions to reduce the spread of the mcr-1 gene
In its rapid risk assessment, ECDC outlines a number of actions that need to be considered to reduce identified risks of mcr-1 spread.

News coverage of Hillary Clinton often emphasizes gender over competency, study shows
National news coverage of US presidential hopeful Hillary Clinton often emphasizes gender and emotions over competency, according to a new study led by University of Texas at Arlington communication researcher Dustin Harp.

Rapid Medicaid expansion in Michigan didn't reduce access to primary care
Despite predictions that expanding Medicaid would crowd doctor's offices with new patients, and crowd out patients with other kinds of insurance, a new University of Michigan study finds no evidence of that effect.

Major differences between women and men who commit deadly violence
Women who commit deadly violence are different in many ways from male perpetrators, both in terms of the most common victims, the way in which the murder is committed, the place where it is carried out and the perpetrator's background.

Multicolor super resolution imaging
Researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute at the National University of Singapore have developed a new method, using super-resolution microscopy, to determine the length of stretched proteins in living cells, and monitor the dynamic binding of proteins, at sub-second timescales.

A surprising new anole
Herpetologists from Harvard and the Dominican Republic have discovered a new species of anole lizard -- the first new lizard species identified on the island in decades.

A new form of hybrid photodetectors with quantum dots and graphene
ICFO researchers develop a hybrid photodetector comprising an active colloidal quantum dot photodiode integrated with a graphene phototransistor.

A novel research program on traumatic memories about the Paris attacks of Nov. 13, 2015
How will the traumatic events of the Paris terrorist attacks of Nov.

Breaking out: How black hole jets punch out of their galaxies
New simulations of the jets produced by rotating supermassive black holes in the cores of galaxies show how powerful ones force their way through surrounding gas and drill out of the galaxy, channeling hot gas into the interstellar medium.

How do your parenting methods affect your child's future?
A Japanese research group has released survey results showing that children who receive positive attention and care from their parents have high incomes, high happiness levels, academic success, and a strong sense of morality.

Improving poor soil with burned up biomass
Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science in Japan have shown that torrefied biomass can improve the quality of poor soil found in arid regions.

Unveiling the distinctive features of a promising industrial microorganism
A Korean research team headed by Distinguished Professor Sang Yup Lee of the Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department at KAIST deciphered the genome sequence of C. tyrobutyricum and its proteome profiles during the course of batch fermentation.

Masdar Institute and Lomonosov Moscow State University agree to collaborate
The Masdar Institute of Science and Technology and Lomonosov Moscow State University today announced they have signed an international scientific and technological cooperation agreement to collaborate on conducting educational activities, research and innovation.

How much you weigh as a teenager is linked to your risk of heart failure in middle age
Research that followed more than 1.6 million Swedish men from adolescence onwards between 1968 and 2005 has shown that those who were overweight as teenagers were more likely to develop heart failure in early middle age.

Rare, blind catfish never before found in US discovered in national park cave in Texas
An extremely rare eyeless catfish species previously known to exist only in Mexico has been discovered in Texas.

Racial disparities found in children's urologic surgery
Black children who undergo urologic surgery are more likely than white children to have postsurgical complications and hospital-acquired infections 30 days after the surgery.

When it comes to knowing your true self, believe in free will
Diminishing a person's belief in free will leads to them feeling less like their true selves, according to recent research published in Social Psychological and Personality Science.

The Lancet: Transgender rights critical for the health of 25 million transgender people worldwide
2015 was an unprecedented year in the recognition of transgender rights in some high-income countries.

Ancient DNA shows perfect storm felled Ice Age giants
Giant Ice Age species including elephant-sized sloths and powerful sabre-toothed cats that once roamed the windswept plains of Patagonia, southern South America, were finally felled by a perfect storm of a rapidly warming climate and humans, a new study has shown.

New lizard found in Dominican Republic
A University of Toronto-led team has reported the discovery of a new lizard in the Dominican Republic, strengthening a long-held theory that communities of lizards can evolve almost identically on separate islands.

Stanford researchers find new ways to make clean hydrogen and rechargable zinc batteries
A Stanford University research lab has developed new technologies to tackle two of the world's biggest energy challenges -- clean fuel for transportation and grid-scale energy storage.

NSF announces 2016 EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Track-1 awards
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded Hawai'i, Nebraska and Vermont $20 million each through its Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR), which promotes world-class research nationwide.

Researchers study cancer in dogs to ultimately help humans with same disease
A new collaborative research program pairs oncologists who treat childhood and adult sarcomas with veterinarians who manage the same cancers in canine patients.

Discovery of gold nanocluster 'double' hints at other shape-changing particles
Researchers discovered an entirely unexpected atomic arrangement of Gold-144, a molecule-sized nanogold cluster whose structure had been theoretically predicted but never confirmed.

Fetal BPA exposure in mice linked to estrogen-related diseases after adolescence
Researchers from Yale show that the genome is permanently altered in the uterus of mice that had been exposed to BPA during their fetal development.

Terahertz radiation: A useful source for food safety
A compact and low-cost emitter generates light across the entire terahertz spectrum.

Experts warn of osteoporosis threat to Asia's growing elderly population
The International Osteoporosis Foundation is calling on doctors in the Asia-Pacific region to prepare for an immense increase in the number of elderly people suffering fractures due to osteoporosis.

E-cigarettes: Gateway or roadblock to cigarette smoking?
The UK Centre for Substance Use Research presents new research at the Global Forum on Nicotine today on e-cigarettes and young people.

X-ray-free electron laser reveals radiosensitizing effects at molecular level
Researchers shed light on the molecular mechanisms behind radiation-based cancer therapies.

New research paves the way for improved individual treatment of patients with cancer
A new study headed by a research group from Aarhus University Hospital and Aarhus University in Denmark has found new molecular sub-groups in early stages of bladder cancer.

New imaging method may predict risk of post-treatment brain bleeding after stroke
In a study of stroke patients, investigators confirmed through MRI brain scans that there was an association between the extent of disruption to the brain's protective blood-brain barrier and the severity of bleeding following invasive stroke therapy.

A new trick for controlling emission direction in microlasers
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have found a way to give photons, or light packets, their marching orders.

Smoking can hamper common treatment for breast cancer
We know that individuals who smoke take major health risks.
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