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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | June 20, 2016


How a cold gets into cells
Viruses smuggle their genetic material into our cells. How this actually works is currently being investigated at TU Wien using a new combination of analysis methods.
Discovery of newborn exoplanet could help explain planetary evolution
A team of international researchers have discovered the youngest fully formed exoplanet ever detected, orbiting a young star 500 light years from Earth.
Plant kingdom provides 2 new candidates for the war on antibiotic resistance
New research has discovered peptides from two crop species that have antimicrobial effects on bacteria implicated in food spoilage and food poisoning.
Twin birth defect risk may be higher among moms not on fertility treatment
The risk of birth defects among twins may be higher among mums who haven't used fertility treatment -- which is known to increase the chances of a twin birth -- than among those who have used it, finds US research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.
New technique improves accuracy of computer vision technologies
Researchers have developed a new technique that improves the ability of computer vision technologies to better identify and separate objects in an image, a process called segmentation.
Solar cells for greener and safer energies
ICFO researchers report on low-temperature, solution-processed, environmentally friendly inorganic solar cells made with Earth-abundant materials capable of operating with a power conversion of 6.3 percent.
Refugees can offer economic boost to their host countries
A new study conducted by UC Davis with the United Nations World Food Program indicates that refugees receiving aid -- especially in the form of cash -- can give their host country's economy a substantial boost.
Breast cancer cells use newfound pathway to survive low oxygen levels in tumors
Researchers have identified a new signaling pathway that helps cancer cells cope with the lack of oxygen found inside tumors.
People allergic to insect venom need precision medical diagnosis and treatment
Three to 5 percent of the European population is allergic to insect venom, and many of them are at risk of anaphylaxis if they are stung.
High levels of education linked to heightened brain tumor risk
A university degree is linked to a heightened risk of developing a brain tumor, suggests a large observational study, published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.
Ten simple rules to use statistics effectively
Under growing pressure to report accurate findings as they interpret increasingly larger amounts of data, researchers are finding it more important than ever to follow sound statistical practices.
Statins associated with lower risk of cardiac events for some patients, not others
Cholesterol-lowering statins were associated with lower risk for major cardiac events in some patients with preexisting ischemic heart disease but not in others, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
Aspirin versus blood thinners in atrial fibrillation patients with stroke risk
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine report that more than one in three atrial fibrillation (AF) patients at intermediate to high risk for stroke are treated with aspirin alone, despite previous data showing this therapy to be inferior to blood thinners.
London bee tracking project begins
Hundreds of bees with individual colored number tags will be released from the rooftops of Queen Mary University of London on Tuesday, June 21, and over the next month for a project that hopes to uncover the secret lives of London's bees.
NIH-developed crowdsourcing platform makes public gene expression data more accessible
Scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, have developed a free online platform that uses a crowdsourcing approach to make public gene expression data more accessible to biomedical researchers without computational expertise.
New brain map could enable novel therapies for autism and Huntington's disease
USC scientists have mapped an uncharted portion of the mouse brain to explain which circuit disruptions might occur in disorders such as Huntington's disease and autism.
Major support for cataract study
Biologist wins NIH support for cataract study with focus on cellular processes that keep the eye lens transparent.
NIH vision scientists test theory of how rods in our retina originated
A new study led by researchers the National Eye Institute suggests how the genesis of rod photoreceptors may have occurred to give rise to nocturnal mammals.
Rediscovering a wasp after 101 years
A species of wasp that is a natural enemy of a wood-boring beetle that kills black locust trees has been rediscovered, more than 100 years after the last wasp of this species was found.
Sacubitril/valsartan in heart failure: Differing added benefit
Due to a subgroup effect, there is an indication of a minor added benefit for patients with diabetes, and an indication of a considerable added benefit for patients without diabetes.
NYU and Penn State awarded $5.8 million to improve health for minorities living with HIV
The study will utilize an engineering-inspired framework to design an intervention to increase engagement along the HIV care continuum for African American/Black and Hispanic People Living with HIV who are neither taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) nor well engaged in HIV primary care.
Large-scale genetic study provides new insight into the causes of migraine
An international research consortium has identified almost 30 new genetic risk factors for common migraine.
Carnegie Mellon joins MasterCard Foundation Scholars Program to educate tech leaders
Carnegie Mellon University's commitment to educating Africa's next generation of technology leaders and entrepreneurs received a boost today with a $10.8 million commitment from the MasterCard Foundation.
Fear factor: A new genetic candidate for treating PTSD
Researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have identified a new genetic candidate for testing therapies that might affect fear learning in people with PTSD or other conditions.
UTA marketing study shows lenient return policy may increase sales
A meta-analysis of retail return policies led by a University of Texas at Arlington College of Business professor may lead businesses to modify their policies to increase sales and reduce returns.
Long-term opioids may not be best pain management option for all sickle cell patients
In a small study looking at pain assessments in adults with sickle cell disease, researchers at Johns Hopkins says overall, those treated long-term with opioids often fared worse in measures of pain, fatigue and curtailed daily activities than those not on long-term opioids.
Electropermanent magnet actuation for droplet ferromicrofluidics
Miniature electropermanent magnets are used for on-demand water droplet actuation and sorting under continuous flow in a ferrofluid-based microfluidic system.
Clemson's first harvest of ancient Southern wheat exceeds expectations
Last month, Clemson University scientist Brian Ward and his team harvested about 145 pounds of Purple Straw seed, which was grown from less than half a pound.
NERSC readying for Cori Phase 2 Knights Landing-based system
For the past year, staff at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) have been preparing users of 20 leading science applications for the arrival of the second phase of its newest supercomputer, Cori, which consists of more than 9,300 nodes containing Intel's Xeon Phi Knights Landing processor -- which was officially unveiled June 20 at the International Supercomputer Conference in Germany.
Mayo Clinic study shows increase in Parkinson's disease over 30 years
The incidence of Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism increased significantly in 30 years from 1976 to 2005, Mayo Clinic researchers reported today in a study in JAMA Neurology.
Radiological prediction of posttraumatic kyphosis after thoracolumbar fracture
A new paper determines risk factors (AO classification, age, gender, localization) that may lead to progressive kyphosis after a thoracolumbar fracture.
10,000 windows onto biomolecular information processing
A Franco-Japanese research group at the University of Tokyo has developed a new 'brute force' technique to test thousands of biochemical reactions at once and quickly home in on the range of conditions where they work best.
New electron microscope method detects atomic-scale magnetism
Scientists can now detect magnetic behavior at the atomic level with a new electron microscopy technique developed by a team from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Uppsala University, Sweden.
Simple reward-based learning suits adolescents best
Adolescents focus on rewards and are less able to learn to avoid punishment or consider the consequences of alternative actions, finds a new UCL-led study.
Cannabis use during pregnancy may affect brain development in offspring
Cannabis use during pregnancy is associated with abnormal brain structure in children, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry.
App improves knowledge, skills in neonatal resuscitation in workers in Ethiopia
A mobile app improved knowledge and skills in neonatal resuscitation in health care workers in Ethiopia but it did not significantly reduce perinatal mortality, according to the results of a randomized clinical trial published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
RDA and ICSU-WDS announce the Scholix framework for linking data and literature
The Research Data Alliance and the International Council for Science World Data System announce a new global framework for linking publications and datasets.
Tumor cells develop predictable characteristics that are not random, say Moffitt Cancer Center researchers
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers found that certain subpopulations can be predicted and do not develop randomly as previously thought.
Researchers find better way to 'herd' electrons in solar fuel devices
Researchers at the University of British Columbia and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered a new way to optimize electron transfer in semi-conductors used in solar fuel solutions.
New nanoparticle technology developed to treat aggressive thyroid cancer
Investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital, together with collaborators from Massachusetts General Hospital, have developed an innovative nanoplatform that allows them to effectively deliver RNAi agents to the sites of cancer and suppress tumor growth and reduce metastasis in preclinical models of anaplastic thyroid cancer.
Robotic motion planning in real-time
Robots with multi-jointed arms must plan their motion, a difficult problem that requires time-consuming computation.
Public to presidential candidates: Make children's health a priority
Focusing on child health priorities may resonate deeply with voters, poll suggests.
E-cigarette use can alter hundreds of genes involved in airway immune defense
Smoking cigarettes alters dozens of genes important for immune defense in epithelial cells in the respiratory tract.
High blood sugar could mean lower risk of one type of brain tumor
In a surprising twist, benign brain tumors that have previously been tied to obesity and diabetes are less likely to emerge in those with high blood sugar, new research has found.
Study finds manta rays are local commuters; not long-distance travelers
Oceanic manta rays-often thought to take epic migrations-might actually be homebodies, according to a new study.
Breathing space for the Gulf Stream
The salinity of the waters around Greenland plays an important role in driving the Gulf Stream.
Rheumatology providers, FDA leaders discuss biosimilars at national policy briefing
Experts from the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and other leading national healthcare groups spoke about the emerging biosimilars market, including key policy and regulatory questions for patients, providers and the healthcare system, during a national policy briefing held by the nonpartisan Alliance for Health Reform.
UTSA professor receives grant to halt chronic conditions before they begin
Adel Alaeddini, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $441,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to support his top-tier research in preventing multiple chronic conditions.
How can a family function better? Get outside together
Getting out in nature, even for just a 20-minute walk, can go a long way toward restoring your attention.
Exercise may be the simple solution for rescuing seniors' lost and injured muscle
Exercise may have some surprising benefits for seniors who experience rapid muscle loss and muscle injury and loss as they age.
More gay men than ever getting tested for HIV -- but 1 in 4 still never had a test
More gay and bisexual men than ever are getting tested for HIV, according to new data from the National Gay Men's Sex Survey.
Conference on gender and social violence
An international conference entitled A gender prospective on social violence will be held in Rome, Italy on Tuesday 21 June.
Newborn exoplanet discovered around young star
A team of Caltech-led researchers has discovered the youngest fully-formed exoplanet ever detected.
Botanical diversity unraveled in a previously understudied forest in Angola
Famous for hosting most endemic bird species in Angola, it comes as no surprise that the Kumbira forest in Angola has recently also revealed great botanical diversity.
Strike a pose -- bringing crop analysis into the 21st century
Scientists from The Genome Analysis Centre and the John Innes Centre have received a grant from Norwich Research Park Translational fund for CropQuant, a computerized infield crop monitoring workstation for precision agriculture.
Controlling light: New protection for photosynthetic organisms
Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis have discovered a previously unknown strategy photosynthetic organisms use to protect themselves from the dangers of excessive light, providing further insight into photosynthesis and opening up new avenues for engineering this process, which underlies the global food chain.
Microbiota affect the rate of transplant acceptance and rejection
Researchers from the University of Chicago have shown that microbiota -- the bacteria, viruses and other microbes living on the skin and in the digestive system -- play an important role in the body's ability to accept transplanted skin and other organs.
Low attention control in early adolescence is a genetic risk factor for anxiety disorders
University of Texas at Arlington researchers have found that low attention control in early adolescence is related to a genetic risk factor for four different anxiety disorders.
Gender equality in rural Rwanda -- stuck between old and modern traditions
Judicial gender reforms have given Rwandan women public access to assets, inheritance, work opportunities and protection from domestic abuse.
$5.8 million grant to improve health for minorities living with HIV
An intervention to increase engagement with treatment among African-American/black and Hispanic people living with HIV has been funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, a part of the National Institutes of Health.
Heat sickens corals in global bleaching event
Australian scientists report that many surviving corals affected by mass bleaching from high sea temperatures on the northern Great Barrier Reef are the sickest they have ever seen.
Researchers find Highland East Asian origin for prehistoric Himalayan populations
In a collaborative study by the University of Oklahoma, University of Chicago, University of California, Merced, and Uppsala University, researchers conduct the first ancient DNA investigation of the Himalayan arc, generating genomic data for eight individuals ranging in time from the earliest known human settlements to the establishment of the Tibetan Empire.
Study finds patient navigators improve comprehensive cancer screening rates
A clinical trial conducted by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has found that the use of patient navigators -- individuals who assist patients in receiving health care services -- may improve comprehensive cancer screening rates among patient populations not likely to receive recommended screenings.
'Electric wind' can strip Earth-like planets of oceans and atmospheres
Venus has an 'electric wind' strong enough to remove the components of water from its upper atmosphere, which may have played a significant role in stripping Earth's twin planet of its oceans, according to new results from the European Space Agency's Venus Express mission by NASA-funded researchers.
Shedding light on an assistant protein
Observing in-protein motions with high spatial and temporal resolution: This is made possible by a new technology developed by scientists from the University of Würzburg, giving new insight into the functional mechanisms of very special proteins.
RedEye could let your phone see 24-7
Rice University researchers have just the thing for information overload: image-processing technology that sees all and remembers only what it should.
Study focuses on use of instructional videos to aid problem solving
New research aims to help educators quantify how the best students perform problem solving with the aid of instructional videos, a step toward learning how to better coach students in difficult engineering curricula.
Rice University lab synthesizes new cancer fighter
Rice University scientists have synthesized a novel anti-cancer agent, Thailanstatin A, which was originally isolated from a bacterial species collected in Thailand.
New analysis reveals large-scale motion around San Andreas Fault System
By carefully analyzing the data recorded by the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory's GPS array researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM), University of Washington and Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) discovered nearly 125 mile-wide 'lobes' of uplift and subsidence -- a few millimeters of motion each year -- straddling the San Andreas Fault System.
Researchers link childhood hunger, violence later in life
Children who often go hungry have a greater risk of developing impulse control problems and engaging in violence, according to new UT Dallas research.
Illuminating detection of deep cancers
Tokyo Tech and UEC researchers develop a new bioluminescence imaging system to improve detection sensitivity of targets in deep tissues.
Scientists glimpse why life can't happen without water
Scientists are getting closer to directly observing how and why water is essential to life as we know it.
Study finds surgery can lengthen survival of metastatic kidney cancer patients
Researchers find cytoreductive nephrectomy may offer an overall survival benefit to patients with metastatic kidney cancer who are treated with targeted therapies.
Elsevier journals to link published reports of clinical trials to the registered study
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced that it will participate in a multi-publisher pilot project led by Crossref.
Four new risk genes associated with multiple sclerosis discovered
Scientists of the Technical University of Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry have identified four new risk genes that are altered in German patients with multiple sclerosis.
'Space tsunami' causes the third Van Allen Belt
Earth's magnetosphere, the region of space dominated by Earth's magnetic field, protects our planet from the harsh battering of the solar wind.
Parent-led tool opens up NHS children's heart surgery data to families
Transparency without accessibility is not enough: stats must be put in context, say researchers.
A novel therapy for genital herpes engages immune cells to provide significant patient benefits
A phase II clinical trial demonstrated that a new type of treatment for genital herpes, an immunotherapy called GEN-003, may reduce the activity of the virus and the number of days with recurrent herpes.
Osimertinib in lung cancer: Added benefit not proven
Due to a lack of studies of direct comparisons the manufacturer subsequently submitted historical comparisons, but the visible effects were not large enough for conclusions on added benefit.
'Holy grail' of breast cancer prevention in high-risk women may be in sight
Australian researchers have discovered that an existing medication could have promise in preventing breast cancer in women carrying a faulty BRCA1 gene.
Scientists engineer tunable DNA for electronics applications
A team led by ASU Biodesign Institute researcher Nongjian (N.J.) Tao and Duke theorist David Beratan has been able to understand and manipulate DNA to more finely tune the flow of electricity through it.
MIT hosts forum for release of new report on the future of health research
MIT researchers will host a forum to elaborate on their new report, Convergence: The Future of Health, which proposes new strategies for interdisciplinary research.
Tailored DNA shifts electrons into the 'fast lane'
DNA molecules don't just code our genetic instructions. They also have the unique ability to conduct electricity and self-assemble into well-defined shapes, making them potential candidates for building low-cost nanoelectronic devices.
PostDoc Project Plan invites collaborators to study how plant lice cope with variability
While Climate change steadily takes its toll, organisms fight it in various ways.
New 'Aspirin-Guide' app for clinicians helps personalize decisions about aspirin use
To help clinicians and patients make informed decisions about aspirin use, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a new, free, mobile app, 'Aspirin-Guide' that calculates both the CVD risk score and the bleeding risk score for the individual patient, and helps clinicians decide which patients are appropriate candidates for the use of low-dose aspirin.
Silencing of gene affects people's social lives, study shows
A team of researchers led by psychologists at the University of Georgia have found that the silencing of a specific gene may affect human social behavior, including a person's ability to form healthy relationships or to recognize the emotional states of others.
Which animals will cope with climate change droughts?
James Cook University scientists may have found a way to predict which mammals will best cope with drought -- and which won't do so well.
New Baylor research identifies keys to managing innovators
A new study from Baylor University's Hankamer School of Business helps leaders better understand how to manage innovators, specifically scientists and engineers.
Invasive species could cause billions in damages to agriculture
Invasive insects and pathogens could be a multi-billion- dollar threat to global agriculture and developing countries may be the biggest target, according to a team of international researchers.
BU researcher receives grant to study role immune cells play in type 2 diabetes
Barbara Nikolajczyk, Ph.D., associate professor of microbiology at Boston University School of Medicine, has received a five-year, $2.95 million grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.
Apparel causes additional barriers for people living with disabilities
The US clothing industry is a multi-billion dollar industry, but for the millions of Americans with disabilities and their families, a lack of options in the apparel industry presents daily challenges.
Keeping alive the art of experimental design
A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers was honored with the Neill Griffiths Award this month, recognizing the most significant contribution to shaped charge technology.
'Electric wind' can strip Earth-like planets of oceans, atmospheres
Venus has an 'electric wind' strong enough to remove the components of water from its upper atmosphere, which may have played a significant role in stripping Earth's twin planet of its oceans, according to new results from ESA's (European Space Agency) Venus Express mission by NASA-funded researchers.
Lawmakers might introduce 'anti-evolution' legislation to appease religious constituents
New research from Rice University theorizes that 'anti-evolution' education legislation continues to be introduced because lawmakers want to appease religious constituents, not because they expect the bills to be made into laws.
Satellites sees Tropical Storm Danielle born along Mexico coast
NASA and NOAA satellites saw the tropical low pressure area formerly known as System 94L develop into tropical depression 4 then become the fourth named tropical cyclone of the North Atlantic Hurricane Season on June 20.
Low FODMAP diet and IBS recently published by Dove Medical Press
The evidence to date indicates that restriction of FODMAPs is an effective dietary intervention for reducing IBS symptoms.
Third to half of UK population lives with chronic pain
Between a third and half (43 percent) of the UK population -- roughly 28 million adults -- lives with chronic pain, finds an analysis of the available evidence, published in the online journal BMJ Open.
Titan shines light on high-temperature superconductor pathway
A team led by Thomas Maier of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) used the Titan supercomputer at ORNL to simulate cuprates on the path to superconductivity.
NYU Tandon team devises a smarter way for stroke patients to rehabilitate
A team of students from the NYU Tandon School of Engineering is using smartphones to improve the process patients must typically undergo to relearn the basic skills they lose after suffering a stroke.
Shared decision-making allows some athletes with heart condition to compete
People with a rare genetic heart condition who are currently disqualified from most sports due to a risk of sudden cardiac death may be able to safely participate in athletics as long as they are well treated and well informed, according to a study published today in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology.
Self-assembling icosahedral protein designed
Researchers have designed and produced a self-assembling protein shell shaped like an icosahedron -- similar to those that encapsulate viruses.
AFib patients at risk for stroke often prescribed aspirin instead of anticoagulants
More than one-in-three patients with atrial fibrillation (AFib), or irregular heartbeat, with an intermediate-to-high-risk of stroke are prescribed aspirin instead of oral anticoagulants, despite guidelines recommending the use of oral anticoagulants for this group of patients, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
The world's first 100-PFlops-level Supercomputer is established and operated in Wuxi, China
Equipped with the latest homegrown many-core SW26010 processor, the Sunway TaihuLight Supercomputer is the first system in the world to provide a peak performance of over 100 PFlops.
An attempt to reduce materials cost of autoclaved aerated concrete production
To reduce the materials cost of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) production, these two types of solid waste could theoretically be used as the aerating agent and silica source, respectively.
Stealth nanocapsules kill Chagas parasites in mouse models
Lychnopholide, a substance isolated from a Brazilian plant, and formulated as part of 'nanocapsules' cured more than half of a group of mice that had been infected experimentally with Chagas disease parasites.
How early mammals evolved night vision to avoid predators
Early mammals evolved in a burst during the Jurassic period, adapting a nocturnal lifestyle when dinosaurs were the dominant daytime predator.
Coral reefs facing a hot time and increased bleaching in the US, NOAA outlook says
A new NOAA outlook shows that many coral reefs across around the world will likely be exposed to higher-than-normal sea temperatures for an unprecedented third year in a row, leading to increased bleaching -- and with no signs of stopping.
Book chronicles rise of urban planning in ancient Egypt
Egyptian pharaohs, who are remembered for their pyramids and temples, many of which remain as magnificent monuments to their civilization, were also the world's first urban planners.
Crop breeding is not keeping pace with climate change
Crop yields will fall within the next decade due to climate change unless immediate action is taken to speed up the introduction of new and improved varieties, experts have warned.
Chip makes parallel programs run faster with less code
In the May/June issue of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers' journal Micro, researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) will present a new chip design they call Swarm, which should make parallel programs not only much more efficient but easier to write, too.
Sharing treatment decisions challenges doctors and parents of young children with autism
Parents of young children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may experience significant difficulties in discussing treatment options with the child's pediatrician, according to new research.
Strong 'electric wind' strips planets of oceans and atmospheres
Venus has an 'electric wind' strong enough to remove the components of water from its upper atmosphere, which may have played a significant role in stripping the planet of its oceans, according to a new study by NASA and UCL researchers.
Watching the luminescent gene switch
A team of scientists from Hokkaido University in Japan developed a new imaging technique that allowed them to monitor the expression of clock genes in multiple tissues in moving fully conscious mice.
Hospital readmission app could save healthcare industry billions
Hospitals and healthcare providers are penalized for readmitting patients within a 30-day time period.
How China can ramp up wind power
China has an opportunity to massively increase its use of wind power -- if it properly integrates wind into its existing power system, according to a newly published MIT study.
Pharmaceutical industry-sponsored meals associated with higher prescribing rates
Accepting a single pharmaceutical industry-sponsored meal was associated with higher rates of prescribing certain drugs to Medicare patients by physicians, with more, and costlier, meals associated with greater increases in prescribing, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
Blood test shows promise in gauging severity of pulmonary arterial hypertension
Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that rising blood levels of a protein called hematoma derived growth factor are linked to the increasing severity of pulmonary arterial hypertension, a form of damaging high blood pressure in the lungs.
Quantum calculations broaden the understanding of crystal catalysts
Recently our scientists advanced in explaining the properties of rutile TiO2 -- a promising photocatalyst, which may be used to produce eco-friendly fuel and to neutralize harmful compounds.  Using a supercomputer, researchers managed to model the behavior of surface layers of the crystal.
Clemson scientists' research on threats to habitat connectivity featured in journal
By the year 2100, sea levels might rise as much as 2.5 meters above their current levels, which would seriously threaten coastal cities and other low-lying areas.
Lessons on personalities help teens cope with social stressors, UT study says
Teaching teens that social and personality traits can change helps them cope with social challenges such as bullying, which in turn can help mitigate stress and improve academic performance, according to a study by psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin.
Difficult to predict low testosterone in older men using data on younger men
A new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) highlights the difficulty in defining and managing age-related testosterone decline in older men.
Tiny alpaca-derived antibodies point to targets preventing viral infection
Using tiny, alpaca-derived, single-domain antibody fragments, Whitehead Institute scientists have developed a method to perturb cellular processes in mammalian cells, allowing them to tease apart the roles that individual proteins play in these pathways.
SORLA controls insulin signaling to promote obesity in mice
In this month's issue of the JCI, research led by Thomas Willnow at the Max Delbrück Center examined how fatty acid metabolism is controlled by differences in the availability of SORLA, a protein that has been identified as an risk factor for both obesity and Alzheimer's disease.
Most biodiverse countries spending the least on conservation, study finds
Countries that contain most of the world's species biodiversity are also spending the least on a per-person basis to protect these natural assets, according to scientists from the Wildlife Conservation Society and the University of Queensland.
Fighting resistant blood cancer cells
Around 20 percent of adults diagnosed with leukemia suffer from chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
UTSW study finds new enzyme with structure that could explain how heart can beat optimally
The heart is the only muscle that contracts and relaxes continuously over a lifetime to pump oxygen-rich blood to the body's organs.
Newer tests could cut hep C diagnosis steps in half
Data suggest that several commercially available tests for hepatitis C virus core antigen are highly sensitive and specific and could transform the current two-test screening process for HCV into a single test.
New radiotherapy regime for prostate cancer could save NHS tens of millions per year
A shorter course of prostate cancer radiotherapy, involving fewer hospital visits and higher individual doses of radiotherapy, is as effective as the current standard treatment for both survival and quality of life, a major new study reports.
Urban bird species risk dying prematurely due to stress
Birds of the species Parus Major (great tit) living in an urban environment are at greater risk of dying young than great tits living outside cities.
Ultra-thin solar cells can easily bend around a pencil
The flexible photovoltaics, made by researchers in South Korea, could power wearable electronics.
Simple reward-based learning suits adolescents best
Adolescents focus on rewards and are less able to learn to avoid punishment or consider the consequences of alternative actions, finds a new UCL-led study.
Molecular map provides clues to zinc-related diseases
Mapping the molecular structure where medicine goes to work is a crucial step toward drug discovery against deadly diseases.
Disney princesses: Not brave enough
Gendered behavior can become problematic if girls avoid important learning experiences.
Study finds brain markers of numeric, verbal and spatial reasoning abilities
A new study begins to clarify how brain structure and chemistry give rise to specific aspects of 'fluid intelligence,' the ability to adapt to new situations and solve problems one has never encountered before.
Just how gestational diabetes puts babies at lifelong risk for cardiovascular disease, under study
Gestational diabetes can put babies at a lifelong risk for cardiovascular disease, and scientists want to better understand how.
What does Zika virus mean for the children of the Americas?
A special communication article published online by JAMA Pediatrics explores whether new paradigms in child health may emerge because of Zika virus.
'Traffic lights,' calorie counts help consumers order healthier online
Menu labels have become a favorite tool for policymakers to fight obesity, despite a lack of evidence that the format encourages people to make healthier food choices.
Understanding the resistance to treatments against breast cancer
Estrogens are responsible for the survival and proliferation of tumor cells in 70 percent of breast cancer cases.
Has incidence of Parkinson's disease increased over past 30 years?
A study of patients in a Minnesota county suggests the incidence (new cases) of parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease may have increased over the past 30 years but that trend may not be genuine and must be confirmed in other populations, according to an article published online by JAMA Neurology.
Research aims to make water-cycle modeling data more accessible
Improved publication strategy for authors who use hydrological modeling software will make model data easier for readers to understand and reuse, according to an international team of researchers.

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