Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 22, 2016
Hops could help reduce breast cancer risk
Hops, the flower cones used in beer-making, are also found in dietary supplements designed to help treat post-menopausal symptoms and other conditions.

Understanding how chemical changes in the brain affect Alzheimer's disease
A new study from Western University is helping to explain why the long-term use of common anticholinergic drugs used to treat conditions like allergies and overactive bladder lead to an increased risk of developing dementia later in life.

Diabetes raises risk of heart attack death by 50 percent
Having diabetes increases the risk of dying from the effects of a heart attack by around 50 percent, according to a widespread study by the University of Leeds.

Workshop explores how artificial intelligence can be engineered for safety and control
Artificial intelligence has the potential to benefit humankind in diverse and deep ways, but only to the extent that people believe these smart systems can be trusted.

Are older adults being appropriately screened for colorectal cancer?
In a study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers found that CRC screening, consistent with recommendations of the US Preventive Services Task Force, is not widely used by this segment of the population even though some patients are healthy and may benefit, and that appropriate follow-up is not taking place in a timely manner for some older adults.

In worldwide chemotaxis competition, researchers race cell lines to the finish line
Neutrophil-like cells must balance speed against chemotactic accuracy to win a chemotaxis maze race in the inaugural Dicty World Races, a worldwide competition, according to a study published June 22, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Monica Skoge from Princeton University, Daniel Irmia from the Massachusetts General Hospital, and colleagues.

Wild boars and wart hogs may have an internal compass
New research suggests for the first time that wild boars and wart hogs have an internal magnetic compass that helps them orient themselves as they forage for food and inhabit new areas.

Particle zoo in a quantum computer
Physicists in Innsbruck have realized the first quantum simulation of lattice gauge theories, building a bridge between high-energy theory and atomic physics.

Looking for a good nonprofit CEO?
A psychology study that examined faces of CEOs for leadership qualities -- power, warmth, etc.

Australia 20 years after gun reform -- no mass shootings, declining firearm deaths
Since gun law reform and the Firearms Buyback program 20 years ago, Australia has seen an accelerating decline in intentional firearm deaths and an absence of fatal mass shootings, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) reports today in a landmark study.

Negative feedback loops help maintain the function of mutated proteins
Negative feedback is a universal control mechanism that lets a system's output throttle its input.

Drug monitoring programs reduce opioid deaths: Study
The implementation of state prescription drug monitoring programs was associated with the prevention of approximately one opioid-related overdose death every two hours on average nationwide, according to a new Vanderbilt-led study released June 22 in the journal Health Affairs.

Tele-psychiatry reaches rural kids in need
The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry estimates that as many as 1 in 5 children in the United States have behavioral health issues.

ASHG honors Brendan Lee with 2016 Curt Stern award
The American Society of Human Genetics has named Brendan Lee, M.D., Ph.D., at Baylor College of Medicine, as the 2016 recipient of the Curt Stern Award.

Science movie supervised by Hirosi Ooguri wins Best Educational Production Award
A 3-D dome theater movie visualizing superstring theory and supervised by a Kavli IPMU researcher has received the Best Educational Production Award, it was announced at the International Planetarium Society Fulldome Festival Brno 2016 in the Czech Republic on June 17.

Decoding the glass 'genome' contributes to new functional materials
From protecting our most valuable works of art to enabling smartphone displays, glass has become one of our most important materials.

NRL astrophysicist probes theory of black-hole accretion
Utilizing the Atacama Large Millimeter Array, one of the most powerful telescopes in the world, NRL and an international team of researchers have peered into the feeding habits of a supermassive black hole.

UCI, Queensland scientists identify new switch to boost memory
New insight into the process that converts experiences into stable long-term memories has been uncovered by neurobiologists from the University of California, Irvine and the University of Queensland.

Neutralizing acidic forest soils boosts tree growth, causes spike in nitrogen export
A legacy of acid rain has acidified forest soils throughout the northeastern US, lowering the growth rate of trees.

Airplanes make clouds brighter
Clouds may have a net warming or cooling effect on climate.

Teachers optimistic about Common Core writing standards, but not tests
Teachers believe the Common Core standards in their states can improve how they teach writing, but they also find plenty of shortcomings with the standards -- and with the associated state writing tests in particular.

Vicious circles -- confusing, instructive, amusing?
A conceptual structure that leads to deep scientific discoveries, yet tricks the mind into believing the impossible.

Asia Genomics and Insilico Medicine partner to extend healthy human longevity
Insilico Medicine Inc. announced an agreement with Asia Genomics to develop advanced biomarkers of aging and personalized longevity for the Asian population.

Experts examine the environmental impact of crime
New research indicates that crime committed in 2011 in England and Wales gave rise to more than four million tons of carbon dioxide equivalents.

New study helps determine which older adults might need help taking medications
Men were 1.5 to 2 times as likely as women to need help.

Psychiatric diagnostic tools may not be valid for African-Americans
A study by, Sirry Alang, assistant professor of sociology and anthropology at Lehigh University, suggests that African-Americans perceive depression as a weakness inconsistent with notions of strength in the community, rather than as a health condition.

Study finds contagious cancers are spreading among several species of shellfish
New research suggests that direct transmission of cancer among marine animals may be much more common than once thought.

X-ray echoes of a shredded star provide close-up of 'killer' black hole
Billions of years ago in the heart of a distant galaxy, a monster black hole shredded a passing star and emitted X-rays.

NYU research: The struggle to maintain accurate data on the prevalence of opioid abuse
A new study describes the differences in self-reporting of nonmedical opioid use among high school seniors.

New heart failure therapy could prevent substantial number of deaths, study finds
A UCLA-led study estimates that almost 28,500 deaths could be prevented each year in the US through use of a new FDA-approved class of cardiovascular medication that helps reduce mortality in patients diagnosed with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, the percentage of blood pumped from the heart with each contraction.

CWRU researcher scaling up knotty polymer research
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University developed a technique that produces a long chain molecule in the shape of a trefoil knot.

Combined $54.5M gift creates a brighter future for children and women
The Women and Children's Health Research Institute, housed at the University of Alberta has received a gift of $54.5 million to further research in women's children's and perinatal health.

Study links omega-3s to reduced mortality
A recent meta-analysis in Scientific Reports supports a link between EPA and DHA omega-3 intake and a reduced risk of death by any cause.

Cosmopolitan snow algae accelerate the melting of Arctic glaciers
The role of red pigmented snow algae in melting Arctic glaciers has been strongly underestimated, suggests a study to be published in Nature Communications on June 22.

Study: One-third of hospitals in developing world lack running water
A study of 430 hospitals in the developing world found that more than one-third lacked running water, a deficiency that can lead to unsanitary conditions for patients in general and dangerous conditions for those who need surgery.

Plastic debris and policy
Captain Charles Moore introduced the world to the 'Great Pacific Garbage Patch' in the mid-1990s.

UMass Amherst geoscientist wins top international award for Antarctic science
University of Massachusetts Amherst Geoscientist Robert DeConto, one of the world's leading experts on climate modeling, has won the 2016 Tinker-Muse Prize for Science and Policy in Antarctica for his outstanding work on past and future Antarctic climate and for research integrating geological data with modeling to reveal likely consequences for future sea level rise from ice sheet melt.

The call of the sea: Mammalian evolutionary transitions back to the sea
Though mammals adapted on land, a new study by Maria Chikina and Nathan Clark has shown that during three major independent evolutionary events, a number of mammals hearkened back to the sea.

Childhood-onset epilepsy has long-term effects on patients' health and social status
Children and adolescents with epilepsy experience significant long-term socioeconomic consequences and higher personal health care costs.

For women, healthy diets may help with mobility when aging
In a large study conducted by at Brigham and Women's Hospital, researchers found an association between women who maintain a healthy diet and a reduction in the risk of developing impaired physical function as they age.

Empowering addiction treatment patients to engage in care may improve overall health
In the first trial of an intervention focused on increasing alcohol and drug treatment patients' engagement in their own health care, researchers found that patients who received six intervention sessions had greater involvement in managing their health and health care than those receiving fewer sessions.

The world's oldest farmers
An international team of researchers has discovered the oldest fossil evidence of agriculture, not by humans, but by insects.

Researchers provide new insights on coral bleaching
Reef-building corals have a symbiotic relationship with Symbiodinium algae, and environmental stressors that cause algae to be expelled from reefs can give rise to the phenomenon known as coral bleaching.

Zika virus alerts may have prompted uptick in abortion requests in Latin America
Pregnant women in Latin American countries were more likely to seek an abortion after receiving health alerts about Zika virus, according to a study co-authored by Princeton University.

Childhood antibiotic treatments reduce diversity and stability of intestinal microbiota
Repeated antibiotic treatments administered during early childhood interfere with the functioning of the intestines and promote the multiplication of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Bees are more productive in the city than in surrounding regions
Bees pollinate plants more frequently in the city than in the country even though they are more often infected with parasites, a factor which can shorten their lifespans.

Penn Medicine's Raymond R. Townsend, M.D., director of the hypertension program, receives Physician of the Year Award from the American Heart Association
Raymond R. Townsend, M.D., director of the Hypertension Program and a professor of Medicine in Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has been named the 2016 Physician of the Year Award of the American Heart Association.

Researchers discover new chemical sensing technique
Researchers from the University of Houston have reported a new technique to determine the chemical composition of materials using near-infrared light.

Developed in Waterloo, now orbiting in space
A one-of-a-kind communications device developed by researchers at the University of Waterloo is now orbiting the Earth as a central component of a microsatellite launched in Sriharikota, India on Tuesday to test new technologies in space.

Lizard tail adaptations may reflect predators' color vision capabilities
Juveniles of numerous lizard species have a vividly blue-colored tail that likely serves to deflect predator attacks toward the detachable tail rather than the lizard's body.

Landmark study gives clearest picture of genetic causes of bowel cancer
A landmark study has given the most detailed picture yet of the genetics of bowel cancer -- the UK's fourth most common cancer.

Novel combination therapy developed at VCU Massey shows strong response in phase 1 trial
A phase 1 clinical trial testing a novel combination therapy developed by scientists at VCU Massey Cancer Center slowed the growth of cancer in the majority of trial participants.

SwRI team finds a possible solution to 'faint young Sun paradox'
In the first billion years of Earth's history, the planet was bombarded by primordial asteroids, while a faint Sun provided much less heat.

Memory loss caused by West Nile virus explained
Thousands of West Nile virus survivors live with neurological problems such as memory loss that last for years.

Penn team, collaborators receive NIH award to launch Alzheimer's Disease Genomics Center
A five-year, projected $10.8 million award from the National Institute on Aging will establish the Coordinating Center for Genetics and Genomics of Alzheimer's Disease, a joint venture of researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and five other institutions.

Healthy aging benefits may be associated with walnut consumption, according to research
A new study published in the Journal of Nutrition suggests that consuming one to two servings of walnuts per week (1/4 cup per serving) was associated with reduced risk of developing impairments in physical function, which helps enable older women to maintain independence throughout the aging process.

Novel antibody against brain tumors
Scientists of Helmholtz Zentrum M├╝nchen and the Munich University Hospital (LMU) are developing a novel antibody to treat brain tumors.

How huanglongbing affects oranges' detachment force, fruit properties
Researchers evaluated the effects of huanglongbing (HLB) symptom severity on fruit detachment force and fruit mechanical properties in sweet oranges as indicators of potential HLB-influenced preharvest fruit drop and postharvest damage and breakdown.

Smoking may have negative effects on sperm quality
A recent study found that that sperm of men who smoke has a greater extent of DNA damage than that of non-smokers.

PNNL to lead regional smart manufacturing center
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been named to lead the Northwest Regional Manufacturing Center as part of the national Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute.

Treatment of humans and pigs may reduce endemic tapeworm infection
The transmission of Taenia solium, a pork tapeworm species that infects humans and causes late-onset seizures and epilepsy, can be stopped on a population-wide level with mass treatments of both pigs and humans, researchers have shown.

UH School of Nursing part of initiative to teach safe prescribing for opioids
The University of Houston School of Nursing is one of 191 nursing schools with advanced practice registered nursing programs joining an American Association of Colleges of Nursing initiative, pledging to educate future nurse practitioners on new CDC guidelines for safely prescribing opioids for chronic pain.

Impulsive children raised in caring families drink less during adolescence
Years of research have shown that impulsivity in childhood is among the individual vulnerabilities leading to substance abuse, delinquency, as well as aggressive and antisocial behavior in adolescence and adulthood.

Study: As Alaska warms, methane emissions appear stable
Analysis of nearly three decades of air samples from Alaska's North Slope shows little change in long-term methane emissions despite significant Arctic warming over that time period, according to new research published in Geophysical Research Letters, a journal of the American Geophysical Union.

94-million-year-old climate change event holds clues for future
A major climate event millions of years ago that caused substantial change to the ocean's ecological systems may hold clues as to how the Earth will respond to future climate change, a Florida State University researcher said.

Revealed: New insights on causes of sudden cardiac death in the young
Genetic testing has shed new light on the deaths of nearly 500 young Australians and New Zealanders who died from sudden cardiac death in a three-year period, the New England Journal of Medicine reports today.

Rare moth in severe decline at its last English site
Numbers of a rare species of moth -- found only in York in England -- have tumbled in recent years, a team including researchers from the University of York have discovered.

GraphExeter illuminates bright new future for flexible lighting devices
Researchers from the University of Exeter have pioneered an innovative new technique to make flexible screens more effective and efficient.

Finding new clues to a sugar suspect in birth defects
Most pregnant women with well-controlled diabetes give birth to healthy children.

Enabling the future of making
During the 2016 Week of Making, the National Science Foundation has awarded five, new, early-concept grants to enable the future of do-it-yourself technological innovation known as making, and to catalyze new approaches in STEM learning.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Danielle ending over Mexico
Tropical Storm Danielle started weakening after making landfall north of Tuxpan, Mexico on Monday evening at 7 p.m.

Light combined with time-based data sees more deeply inside the body
In a new article in the Journal of Biomedical Optics published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, Antonio Pifferi and colleagues provide an overview of recent developments in light-based technologies that enable a deeper noninvasive look into the human body.

Canada spends over $400 million on medicine that harms seniors
Canada spends more than $400 million annually on drugs prescribed to seniors even though the medicines should be avoided for older patients, according to new UBC research.

Cancer, violence among top health concerns for Chicago's South Siders
Residents on the South Side say cancer, violence prevention and sexually transmitted infections are among their top health concerns, according to a survey of 12 ZIP codes conducted by the University of Chicago Medicine.

Simple measures can reduce post-operative cognitive dysfunction in older patients
According to a Brazilian study published by the journal PLoS One, two relatively simple measures can help to reduce the incidence of Post-operative cognitive dysfunction: administering a small dose of the anti-inflammatory drug dexamethasone immediately before an operation and avoiding profound anesthesia during the operation.

U of T Mississauga professor discovers new origins for farmed rice
Chew on this: rice farming is a far older practice than we knew.

Study: Courts of old Istanbul yield insights on modern poverty
Few might seek insights on Middle Eastern conflict or modern poverty in records of the Ottoman empire.

Canadian life science company licenses Indiana University immortalized Kupffer cells
Indiana University Research and Technology Corp., which protects, markets and licenses intellectual property developed at Indiana University so it can be commercialized by industry, has licensed immortalized Kupffer cells to Applied Biological Materials Inc., a life science company based in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada.

Increased rates of stroke, heart failure, CHD and death in black individuals with atrial fibrillation
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Jared W.

Researchers receive NIH funding to launch genomics center on Alzheimer's disease
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine is one of six recipients of a five-year, $10.8 million award from the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health, to establish the Coordinating Center for Genetics and Genomics of Alzheimer's disease.

Protecting grapes from pests by boosting their natural immunity
Wine enthusiasts concerned with potential environmental and health effects of synthetic pesticides prefer to buy

Is Huntington's disease more common than we thought?
More people may have the potential to develop Huntington's disease than previously thought, according to a study published in the June 22, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Bioplastic and biofabric tested for cucumber production
Trials in field and high tunnel cucumber cropping systems compared performance and decomposition (after use) among two bioplastic films and four experimental spunbond, nonwoven biofabrics.

Creating more effective product recalls by improving traceability
Even as the food industry looks for ways to curb outbreaks, a new University of Notre Dame study finds that just being able to trace a product through its supply chain is at once critical, and difficult.

Handbook of Analytical Spectroscopy
Heavily illustrated and referenced, with problem solving examples, The Concise Handbook of Analytical Spectroscopy is integrated into 5 volumes, each covering the theory, instrumentation, sampling methods, experimental design, and data analysis techniques, as well as essential reference tables, figures, and spectra for each spectroscopic region.

GW researchers receive $1.6 million to improve cardiac function during heart failure
Researchers at the George Washington University received $1.6 million from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to find ways to restore parasympathetic activity to the heart through oxytocin neuron activation.

The new system that uses sound to alleviate water shortage
In an article recently published by the American Society of Civil Engineers, Tarek Zayed, professor in the Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, shows how a special tool called a noise logger can detect leaks accurately and efficiently, before major roadwork is required.

Study addresses safety concerns for older adults with diagnosed and undiagnosed dementia
In a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers examined how often older adults who have diagnosed and undiagnosed dementia engage in potentially unsafe activities.

4 NCI Cancer Centers announce landmark research consortium and collaborations with Celgene
Today, 4 NCI cancer centers announced the establishment of a research consortium focused on accelerating the discovery and development of novel cancer therapeutics and diagnostics for the benefit of patients.

Did the Gaels 'tame' the Vikings?
Lehigh University professor Cameron Wesson and Niall Sharples, professor of archaeology at Cardiff University in Wales in the United Kingdom, are taking a team of students on a four-week archaeological expedition this summer in South Uist island off the west coast of Scotland.

Some older adults live well, despite advancing years and the burdens of chronic diseases
The researchers said 'adapter' older adults who were more vigorous than expected, based on their disease burden, lived longer lives when compared to those who were more frail than expected based on their disease burden.

Flexible electronics -- the power of bending tomorrow's devices today
Remember the Minority Report acted by Tom Cruise some years ago?

Yumanity Therapeutics and the NYSCF Research Institute announce discovery collaboration
Yumanity Therapeutics today announced a discovery collaboration with the New York Stem Cell Foundation Research Institute to generate induced pluripotent stem cell Yumanity Therapeutics and the NYSCF Research Institute announce discovery collaborationlines for use in support of Yumanity Therapeutics' discovery efforts focused on new medicines for neurodegenerative diseases.

Cognitive reserve may help protect against delirium
New research suggests that higher late life cognitive reserve -- an ability to offset the losses associated with age- and disease-related changes in the brain -- may help prevent delirium.

Deficit irrigation from ebb and flow system effective for poinsettia
Scientists investigated whether regulated deficit irrigation in an ebb and flow system could alleviate the effects of salinity stress on poinsettia.

The absence of a single protein spurs muscle aging in mice
IRB Barcelona researchers discover that the loss of the protein Mitofusin 2 in the muscles of young mice speeds up aging and causes early sarcopenia, thus leading to the muscle quality of aged mice.

Scientists reveal sub-Saharan Africa's legacy of past migrations over last 4,000 years
Researchers from the University of Oxford have revealed that the genetic ancestries of many of sub-Saharan Africa's populations are the result of historical DNA mixing events, known as admixture, within the last 4,000 years.

More reasons to eat your broccoli
Broccoli and related vegetables in the Brassica family are loaded with health-promoting compounds known as phenolics.

Digital strategies show promise for emergency heart and stroke care
A new scientific statement reviews current research on the effectiveness and safety of using mobile devices, social media, visual media and crowdsourcing to improve emergency heart and stroke treatments.

Hip implants -- metal wear impairs bone-forming cells' function
In metal-on-metal pairings, both the shell and head of an implant consist of a cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy.

Barrier screens reduce damage from brown marmorated stink bug
Barrier screens with different mesh sizes were evaluated for their ability to exclude the brown marmorated stink bug, provide entry to beneficial species, and produce high marketable yield in organically grown bell peppers.

New book links political buzz with honeybees' search for new hive
Carnegie Mellon University economist and complexity theorist John H. Miller argues that there are lessons to be learned by understanding how bees in a hive, and a variety of other systems, interact.

Gender gap found in cardiac arrest care, outcomes
Women treated at a hospital after cardiac arrest may be less likely than men to receive potentially life-saving procedures.

Young bowhead whales may cease growing lengthwise to grow head and baleen plates
Young bowhead whales may cease growing lengthwise and undergo severe bone loss to help grow their enormous head and baleen plates, according to a study published June 22, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by John George from North Slope Borough Department of Wildlife Management, Alaska, and colleagues.

Early arrival gives bluebirds an edge in keeping nest sites
Finders, keepers: Mountain Bluebirds are more likely to defend nest cavities against competition from other birds such as swallows if they get there first, but climate change may disrupt the migratory timing that lets them beat their rivals to the punch, according to new research in The Auk: Ornithological Advances.

Get a clue: Biochemist studies fruit fly to understand Parkinson's disease, muscle wasting
By studying the fruit fly, Kansas State University researchers have found a connection between a gene called clueless and genes that cause Parkinson's disease.

Compound shown to reduce brain damage caused by anesthesia in early study
An experimental drug prevented learning deficits in young mice exposed repeatedly to anesthesia.

Soft decoupling of organic molecules on metal
An international team has discovered an elegant way to decouple organic nanosheets grown on metal surfaces.

CU Anschutz researchers discover how West Nile virus triggers memory loss
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have discovered how the most severe forms of West Nile virus cause memory loss and mood disorders, opening the door to potential new treatments for the mosquito-borne disease.

Orthopaedic Surgeons announce involvement in ASA's Perioperative Surgical Home care model
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the world's largest association of musculoskeletal specialists, is participating in the development of the Perioperative Surgical Home model of care together with the American Society of Anesthesiologists.

New targeted drug effectively dissolves blood clots, has fewer side effects
The main objective of emergency assistance in critical conditions associated with the blockage of blood vessels is to quickly dissolve the clot.

Do you know what you're smoking? Research suggests that you don't
There is little awareness of the chemical components of cigarette smoke amongst US adults, even though many of them report having looked for relevant information.

Solving state-of-the-art high temperature related problems
How can engineers deal with oxidation and corrosion at high temperatures?

A 'Fitbit' for plants?
Knowing what physical traits a plant has is called phenotyping.

Changing the federal legal status of marijuana could boost research, ease confusion
Marijuana has never been highly regarded by the federal government, which considers it a dangerous and addictive drug.

Sequencing method precise enough to reveal mechanisms by which bacteria resist antibiotics
A new technology can read the order (sequence) of the 'letters' making up DNA code with enough accuracy to reveal how bacteria use high-speed evolution to defeat antibiotics.

Has breast MRI been performed upside down?
A new phase 1 clinical trial from Brigham and Women's Hospital published in Radiology on June 22, 2016, evaluated the differences between pre-operative prone and supine MRI exams in 12 women undergoing lumpectomy for breast cancer.

Low doses of common cancer drug may promote cancer spread
New research indicates that paclitaxel, which is the most commonly used chemotherapy for breast cancer, suppresses tumors when given at a certain dosage, but at low doses, it actually promotes cancer spread to the liver.

New gene therapy strategies emerging to combat vision loss
Diseases of the eye that cause vision loss and blindness, especially neurodegenerative disorders affecting the retina, are ideal targets for gene therapy, including gene replacement and promising corrective gene editing strategies.

Americans spent $30.2 billion out-of-pocket on complementary health approaches
Americans spent $30.2 billion -- $28.3 billion for adults and $1.9 billion for children -- out-of-pocket on complementary health approaches, according to a nationwide survey.

High-tech scans can spare lymphoma patients intensive chemo
Hodgkin lymphoma patients can be spared the serious side effects of chemotherapy thanks to high-tech scans that can predict the outcome of treatment.

Blacks with AFib at greater risk for adverse outcomes
New research from the University of Pittsburgh shows that blacks with atrial fibrillation have nearly double the risk of stroke, heart failure, coronary heart disease and mortality from all causes than their white counterparts.

How the mouse outlived the giant
By scanning the fossil remains of mammal-like reptiles from the Karoo of South Africa, Dr.

Updated DIfE -- German diabetes risk test optimized for mobile devices
The German Institute of Human Nutrition (DIfE) has updated the online version of its German Diabetes Risk Score and has optimized it for mobile devices.

Rates of nonmedical prescription opioid use and opioid use disorder double in 10 years
Nonmedical use of prescription opioids more than doubled among adults in the United States from 2001-2002 to 2012-2013, based on a study from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, part of the National Institutes of Health.

RIT professor predicts a universe crowded with black holes
An RIT professor and his colleagues published a new study in Nature that presents one of the most complete models of matter in the universe and predicts hundreds of massive black hole mergers each year observable with the second generation of gravitational wave detectors.

China's national interests become global and complex
Through a thorough consideration of Chinese leaders' evolving world view and their assessments of the changing international environment, the book offers a useful, informative and stimulating background for a better understanding of Chinese foreign policy since the beginning of the era of reforms and opening to the external world.

Exhausted? Join the world's oldest club
In Exhaustion: A History (Columbia University Press, 2016), Dr Anna Katharina Schaffner, Reader in Comparative Literature and Medical Humanities, in the University's School of European Culture and Languages, says 'burnout' and worries about work life balance were known to different eras by different terms.

Early behavior problems impact long-term educational attainment more for boys than girls
A new study finds that behavioral problems in early childhood have a larger negative effect on high school and college completion rates for boys than girls, which partially explains the substantial gender gap in educational attainment that currently exists in the United States.

Golden Goose Award to 'sex life of the screwworm' researchers
Two entomological researchers, Edward F. Knipling and Raymond C. Bushland, will be posthumously honored later this year for their study of the 'sex life of the screwworm fly,' which led to a novel pest control technique and the eradication of the screwworm fly in North and Central America, saving ranchers in the American South and consumers billions of dollars over the past 50-plus years.

Childhood abuse and chronic parental domestic violence linked to later addictions
Adults who have drug or alcohol dependency have experienced very high rates of early adversities, according to a new study published by University of Toronto researchers.

'Hey! You stole my food!'
Frontotemporal dementia is associated with a wide variety of abnormal eating behaviors such as hyperphagia, fixations on one kind of food, even ingestion of inanimate objects, making an already difficult situation even worse.

How a woman with amnesia defies conventional wisdom about memory
She no longer recognizes a Van Gogh, but can tell you how to prepare a watercolor palette.

Mini-guts predict cystic fibrosis patients' response to therapy
Mini-guts grown in the lab using cystic fibrosis patients' cells can help pinpoint those who are most likely to benefit from new drugs, according to a new study.

New knowledge about DNA repair can be turned into cancer inhibitors
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have discovered a molecular mechanism that reads so-called epigenetic information and boosts repair of lesions in our DNA.

Zika warnings lead to 'significant' increase in demand for abortion in Latin America
Health warnings about complications related to Zika virus significantly increased demand for abortions in Latin American countries, according to a new study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Dormant black hole eats star, becomes X-ray flashlight
Astronomers from the University of Maryland are the first to document X-rays bouncing around deep within the walls of a once-dormant supermassive black hole's newly formed accretion disk -- the giant, puffy cloud of shredded star stuff circling the black hole, waiting for its turn to be swallowed up -- following a tidal disruption event. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to