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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | June 23, 2016


Scientists learn more about how star-shaped brain cells help us learn
A molecule that enables strong communication between our brain and muscles appears to also aid essential communication between our neurons, scientists report.
Warning from the past: Future global warming could be even warmer
Future global warming will not only depend on the amount of emissions from man-made greenhouse gasses, but will also depend on the sensitivity of the climate system and response to feedback mechanisms.
Running releases protein associated with improved memory in mice
The reason why treadmill training can boost memory recall remains an active area of investigation.
ASHG honors Elaine Zackai with inaugural Mentorship Award
ASHG has named Elaine H. Zackai, M.D., at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, as the first-ever recipient of its Mentorship Award.
MUSC-based startup wins National TechConnect Innovation Award
ToleRaM Nanotech, LLC, a startup company that specializes in merging bioengineering with medicine, recently won a National TechConnect Innovation Award.
Sea star death triggers ecological domino effect
A new study by Simon Fraser University marine ecologists has discovered that a mass mortality of sea stars resulted in a domino effect on the B.C.
Antibodies that are effective against both dengue and Zika viruses
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur and the CNRS, in collaboration with Imperial College London and the University of Vienna, Austria, have identified antibodies that can efficiently neutralize both the dengue virus and the Zika virus.
New cancer immunotherapy drugs linked to arthritis in some patients
Case reports on 13 cancer patients suggest that a small number of cancer patients taking the immunotherapy drugs ipilimumab and nivolumab may be at some higher-than-normal risk of developing autoimmune joint and tissue diseases, including inflammatory arthritis, according to a preliminary study by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers.
Should I stay or should I go?
Researchers at the University of Delaware's Disaster Research Center have been studying evacuation data and have published two new papers that may help to improve prediction models used by emergency planners, leading to more efficient evacuations and possibly saving lives.
Sex with the lights on
Evolutionary biologists show that sexual selection increases the number of species and impacts global diversity.
New research uncovers why an increase in probability feels riskier than a decrease
New research uncovers why an increase in probability feels riskier than a decrease.
An effective but painful treatment
Photodynamic therapy is an effective treatment for early-stage skin cancer.
Researchers open new path of discovery in Parkinson's disease
A study publish in the journal Cell indicates that two genes associated with Parkinson's disease are key regulators of the immune system, providing direct evidence linking Parkinson's to autoimmune disease.
A new bio-ink for 3-D printing with stem cells
Scientists at the University of Bristol have developed a new kind of bio-ink, which could eventually allow the production of complex tissues for surgical implants.
University of Miami researchers awarded 2 NIH contracts to study Alzheimer's
As part of its work to identify genetic factors associated with Alzheimer's disease risk, researchers at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine's John P.
Nanoscientists develop the 'ultimate discovery tool'
The discovery power of the gene chip is coming to nanotechnology.
How yeast cells regulate their fat balance
A research group at the Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences of Goethe University in Frankfurt, together with colleagues at the Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, has now discovered how yeast cells measure the availability of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in foodstuffs and adapt their production of membrane lipids to it.
JBMR perspective: A crisis in the treatment of osteoporosis
The remarkable progress made over the past 30 years to reduce fractures and dramatically improve the quality of life for millions of osteoporosis patients is rapidly being reversed, say two bone health experts in a Journal of Bone and Mineral Research article published online today.
Effectiveness of SDF in arresting root caries in different fluoridated areas
On June 24, at the 94th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, researcher Edward Lo, University of Hong Kong, SAR, China, will present a study titled 'Effectiveness of SDF in Arresting Root Caries in Different Fluoridated Areas.'
Nanotheranostics -- the power of nanomedicine
Nanomedicines demonstrate the capability to enhance drug properties by offering protection from degradation, enabling controlled release and biodistribution and increasing bioavailability.
Study explores impact of early dementia screening of older adults on their family members
The Effects on Families of older adults Experiencing Cognitive Testing (EFECT) study, conducted by researchers from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research, is the first study to assess the potential benefits and harms to family members of early dementia screening of older adults.
Easy integration of biological knowledge improves understanding of diseases
Researchers have improved the integration of disparate sources and types of data which will advance scientists' understanding of disease using Wikipathways.
New findings challenge current view on origins of Parkinson's disease
MRC researchers at University of Leicester investigate 'mutant flies.'
AGA and Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. announce new grants for IBD researchers
Thanks to a generous grant from Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc., the AGA Research Foundation is thrilled to announce three new research grants to fund young investigators working on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) projects.
CU Anschutz program increases number of grants won by researchers
While the lure of academic medicine careers often lies in the promise of finding life-saving cures and new medical treatments, many young faculty leave the field in frustration after failing to win grants to fund their research.
Science Bulletin published Special Topic on 'plant development and reproduction'
In plants, the process of development and reproduction is regulated by interactions of endogenous genetic mechanisms and environmental stimuli.
Scientists identify ways to prevent heat-related deaths from climate change
By the 2080s, as many as 3,331 people could die every year from exposure to heat during the summer months in New York City.
Electric racing car breaks world record
The grimsel electric racing car broke the world record for acceleration by an electric car today.
Maximizing biomedical research through integrated science
In this Policy Forum, Phillip Sharp, Tyler Jacks and Susan Hockfield discuss the need for better integration of engineering, physical, computational, and mathematical sciences with biomedical science, as they publish a report this week outlining key recommendations in this space.
Dose of nature is just what the doctor ordered
People who visit parks for 30 minutes or more each week are much less likely to have high blood pressure or poor mental health than those who don't, according to new research by Australian and UK environmental scientists.
Eating air, making fuel
Weizmann Institute scientists engineer bacteria to create sugar from the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.
Novel study in Nairobi infants may accelerate path to HIV vaccine
The first and only study to look at isolate HIV-neutralizing antibodies from infants has found that novel antibodies that could protect against many variants of HIV can be produced relatively quickly after infection compared to adults.
Next-generation fluorescent and LED lighting thanks to new phosphor?
Researchers from KU Leuven (Belgium), the University of Strasbourg, and CNRS have discovered a new phosphor that could make next-generation fluorescent and LED lighting even cheaper and more efficient.
Analysis of media reporting reveals new information about snakebites and how and when they occur
A new study in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine analyzed media reports of snakebites in the United States.
Good bacteria vital to coral reef survival
Scientists at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University and University of Hawaii say good bacteria could be the key to keeping coral healthy, able to withstand the impacts of global warming and to secure the long term survival of reefs worldwide.
Mycobacterium in olive oil for cancer treatment
Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and the Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia have revealed a way to effectively deliver a mycobacterium needed for the treatment of bladder cancer in humans.
Chemists join forces to develop cheap, complementary method for classic reaction
Collaboration has enabled the development of a powerful and cost-effective approach to C-N coupling reactions, one of the most heavily used transformations in modern drug development.
New discoveries on evolution can save endangered species
Traditionally, the evolutionary development of an insect species has been explained by the notion that the female insect chooses her male partner based on size and other factors, so-called assortative mating.
Some viruses could survive on children's toys for hours and cause infection, study finds
Certain viruses, such as influenza, could survive on children's toys long enough to result in exposures, placing children at risk for getting infectious diseases, according to researchers at Georgia State University.
Simulations foresee hordes of colliding black holes in LIGO's future
New calculations predict that the Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory (LIGO) will detect approximately 1,000 mergers of massive black holes annually once it achieves full sensitivity early next decade.
Monkeys get more selective with age
As people get older, they become choosier about how they spend their time and with whom they spend it.
Further characteristics of jaw injury and TMD: The OPPERA study
Today at the 94th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, researcher Sonia Sharma, University at Buffalo, N.Y., USA, will present a study titled 'Further Characteristics of Jaw Injury and TMD: The OPPERA Study.'
Salmonella in meat products reduced by 90 percent in new research
An old technology that uses natural bacteria predators, called bacteriophages, is the focus of new research at the University of Nevada, Reno.
Technology aims to let you take a hike -- with friends across the country
New technology will soon make it possible to take a hike with friends and family -- even while living on opposite sides of the country.
Nanotechnology and math deliver two-in-one punch for cancer therapy resistance
Math, biology and nanotechnology are becoming strange, yet effective bed-fellows in the fight against cancer treatment resistance.
KM3NeT unveils detailed plans for largest neutrino telescope in the world
KM3NeT -- a European collaboration pioneering the deployment of kilometer cubed arrays of neutrino detectors off the Mediterranean coast -- has reported in detail on the scientific aims, technology and costs of its proposal in the Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics.
Doubled sensitivity could allow gravitational wave detectors to reach deeper into space
In the Optical Society's journal for high impact research, Optica, researchers from MIT and Australian National University report on improvements to what is called a squeezed vacuum source.
Computer vision system studies word use to recognize objects it has never seen before
Computer vision systems typically learn how to recognize an object by analyzing images of thousands of examples.
Analysis of genetic repeats suggests role for DNA instability in schizophrenia
An international research team centered at Nagoya University revealed extensive genetic variation in patients with schizophrenia.
Health Equity, a new peer-reviewed open access journal, launching Fall 2016
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers announces the launch of Health Equity, a new peer-reviewed open access journal that will address the urgent need for authoritative information about health disparities and health equity among vulnerable populations.
Exploring the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer individuals
Despite recent advancements, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer individuals continue to face discrimination and other challenges related to school experiences, family formation, aging, and more.
Could wearable biosensors become part of drug rehab programs?
There is merit in looking at the use of wearable biosensors to detect whether opioid users stay focused on their rehabilitation programs.
Ocean forecast offers seasonal outlook for Pacific Northwest waters
A new study evaluates the skill of a seasonal forecast for predicting future conditions in the Pacific Northwest marine environment.
Lasers carve the path to tissue engineering
A new technique, developed at EPFL, combines microfluidics and lasers to guide cells in 3-D space, overcoming major limitations to tissue engineering.
Unexpected findings reveal insight into how cancer spreads in the body
Cancer cells appear to depend on an unusual survival mechanism to spread around the body, according to an early study led by Queen Mary University of London.
Adherence to cancer prevention guidelines may reduce risk
Following cancer prevention guidelines on diet and physical activity consistently reduced overall cancer incidence and mortality, as well as reducing risk of breast, endometrial, and colorectal cancers.
Smell tells intruder mice how to behave
Male mice appear to be precisely wired to know when they are intruders in another male's territory, according to a study published June 23 in Cell Reports.
Human brain houses diverse populations of neurons, new research shows
A team of researchers has developed the first scalable method to identify different subtypes of neurons in the human brain.
Ultrathin, flat lens resolves chirality and color
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have developed an ultra-compact, flat lens that can simultaneously capture both spectral information and the chirality of an object.
IU study: 'Smoke alarm' one of 36 genes newly found to play role in pain sensation
Indiana University researchers have found that a suite of genes in both fruit flies and humans plays a role in nerve sensitivity.
Not only trauma but also the reversal of trauma is inherited
Behaviors caused by traumatic experiences in early life are reversible.
$2.3 million grant funds app creation to diagnose diseases
The National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering has awarded to Cornell University a four-year, $2.3 million grant to develop FeverPhone, which will diagnose six febrile diseases in the field: dengue, malaria, chikungunya, typhoid fever, leptospirosis and Chagas' disease.
Better information needed to understand extreme weather
Scientists need more credible and relevant information to help communities become more resilient to extreme weather events such as floods, a University of Exeter expert has said.
To tool or not to tool?
Cognitive biologists from the University of Vienna studied tool-related decisionmaking in an Indonesian cockatoo.
State laws aimed at curbing opioid abuse may not be working for one group with high rates of use
States are aggressively enacting laws aimed at curbing prescription opioid abuse and overdose.
Researchers investigate the role of diet in caries prevention
Today at the 94th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, researcher Angus Walls, Edinburgh Dental Institute, Scotland, UK, will give a Keynote Address titled 'What is the Role of Diet in Caries Prevention?'
Volcanoes get quiet before they erupt!
Until now, there has not been a way to forecast eruptions of restless volcanoes because of the constant seismic activity and gas and steam emissions.
Researchers investigate prevalence of gingivitis during 1st/2nd trimesters of pregnancy
Today at the 94th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, researcher Michael Reddy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA, will present a study titled 'Gingivitis During the First/Second Trimesters of Pregnancy.'
China goes deep in ocean expoloration with first national marine science lab
The Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology is China's first national-level marine science lab.
New study provides unprecedented insight into the fine details of neuronal communication
For communication between neurons to occur, an electrical impulse, called an action potential, must travel down an axon to its synaptic terminal.
Discovery of an epigenetic regulator of tumorigenesis suggests new strategies against
Mount Sinai scientists have identified a previously unknown mechanism by which a protein called CBX8 promotes tumor growth in the most lethal forms of breast cancer.
A strategy for 'convergence' research to transform biomedicine
A new MIT report calls for increased support of 'convergence research,' which integrates physical and life sciences for revolutionary advances in biomedical research.
Borophene: A prospective extraordinary sodium anode material for sodium-based batteries
Recently, a research team from Hong Kong found that borophene is expected to be an excellent anode material for sodium-based batteries.
Diabetes and kidney disease may increase African-Americans' cardiovascular-related risks
Diabetes and kidney disease, separately and together, were linked with increased risks of stroke, coronary heart disease, and cardiovascular mortality in African-Americans living in Mississippi.
Starving stem cells may enable scientists to build better blood vessels
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine have uncovered how changes in metabolism of human embryonic stem cells help coax them to mature into specific cell types -- and may improve their function in engineered organs or tissues.
Chemical signal can make it easier to personalize medication
An international research team has searched for possible non-genetic causes of common immune diseases and discovered that there is a signal called hydroxymetylcytosine (HMC) in many regions of DNA, with genetic changes associated with several immune diseases.
How molecules can do statistics
Researchers of the ETH Zurich Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, located in Basel, have shown how noise filters can be realized using biochemical reactions.
Researchers find more uses for immune system's 'Swiss army knife'
MAIT cells are little know but have been shown to be generally active against bacteria, unlike other T-cells which respond to specific pathogens.
U of Iowa unveils new ATV virtual reality simulator
A new virtual reality simulator described as 'a giant video game controller' will help University of Iowa researchers study how and why people lose control while driving all-terrain vehicles.
Russian physicists create a high-precision 'quantum ruler'
Scientists have developed a method which allows to measure large distances (up to a hundred kilometers) with an accuracy comparable to an atomic size.
Driverless cars: Who gets protected?
A newly published study co-authored by an MIT professor shows that the public is conflicted over safety scenarios concerning driverless cars, taking a notably inconsistent approach to the safety of autonomous vehicles, should they become a reality on the roads.
Hubble confirms new dark spot on Neptune
New images obtained on May 16, 2016, by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope confirm the presence of a dark vortex in the atmosphere of Neptune.
Disney method detects human activity in videos earlier and more accurately
Researchers at Disney Research and Boston University have found that a machine learning program can be trained to detect human activity in a video sooner and more accurately than other methods by rewarding the program for gaining confidence in its prediction the longer it observes the activity.
Precise control of brain circuit alters mood
By combining super-fine electrodes and tiny amounts of a very specific drug, Duke University researchers have singled out a circuit in mouse brains and taken control of it to dial an animal's mood up and down.
People with low birthweight due to genetic factors are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes
New research published in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, shows that a genetically lowered birthweight increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Public's moral inconsistencies create dilemma for programming driverless cars
When it comes to autonomous cars, people generally approve of cars programmed to sacrifice their passengers to save others, but these same people are not enthusiastic about riding in such 'utilitarian' vehicles themselves, a new survey reveals.
Proteins put up with the roar of the crowd
Proteins that activate DNA binding sites appear to have no problems with crowded conditions, according to Rice University scientists.
How well do facial recognition algorithms cope with a million strangers?
University of Washington computer scientists and engineers have launched the 'MegaFace Challenge,' the world's first competition aimed at evaluating and improving the performance of face recognition algorithms at the million person scale.
Health-care providers do not fully understand cancer risk from CT scans
Doctors and other healthcare professionals may not be fully aware of a CT scan's effect on lifetime malignancy risk.
Probing giant planets' dark hydrogen
Hydrogen is the most-abundant element in the universe, but there is still so much we have to learn about it.
Why fathers don't pass on mitochondria to offspring
Offering insights into a long-standing and mysterious bias in biology, a new study reveals how and why mitochondria are only passed on through a mother's egg -- and not the father's sperm.
Scientists use 'virtual heart' to model heart failure
A team of researchers have created a detailed computational model of the electrophysiology of congestive heart failure, a leading cause of death.
Leading statisticians establish steps to convey statistics a science not toolbox
Convinced that better use of data will improve research, innovation and literacy across other disciplines, six leading statisticians recently published 'Ten Simple Rules for Effective Statistical Practice' in the journal PLOS Computational Biology.
Superheroes are real
Scientists demonstrated the effect of the all-optical switching between streams of photons using non-linear metamaterials.
The complex material engineering of NASA's Webb Telescope sunshield
The shiny silver material of the five-layer sunshield that will fly aboard NASA's James Webb Space Telescope is a complex and innovative feat of material science and engineering.
Broccoli sprout extract may protect against oral cancer recurrence
Potent doses of broccoli sprout extract activate a 'detoxification' gene and may help prevent cancer recurrence in survivors of head and neck cancer, according to a 'green chemoprevention' trial by the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, partner with UPMC CancerCenter.
Molecular tools for bioengineering eukaryotic microalgae
The article discusses some of the rapidly developing tools for genome editing and discusses their potential impact on the bioengineering of eukaryotic microalgae.
Explosive renewables development can deliver on Paris
While some criticize the Paris climate target as impracticable, a team of scholars argues that it is a triumph of realism.
Single gene drives prostate differentiation
Expression of a single gene can convert cells lining the seminal vesicle in the pelvis into prostate cells, a new study shows.
The silencer: Study reveals how a cancer gene promotes tumor growth
A Yale-led study describes how a known cancer gene, EGFR, silences genes that typically suppress tumors.
Malaria -- a mapping of artemisinin resistance confirms that resistance is confined to Asia
The first global mapping of artemisinin resistance (the KARMA study) has definitively confirmed that resistance to the main drug currently used in the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria is for the moment confined to Southeast Asia and has not spread to sub-Saharan Africa.
A better way to predict diabetes
An international team of researchers has discovered a simple, accurate new way to predict which women with gestational diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes after delivery.
Gamma-ray irradiation improves safety of cell therapy for Parkinson's disease
Replacing dopamine-producing cells in the brain represents a promising therapeutic approach in Parkinson's disease, and a new study shows how post-transplantation gamma-ray irradiation can reduce the risk of tumor formation.
Successful first observations of galactic center with GRAVITY
A European team of astronomers have used the new GRAVITY instrument at ESO's Very Large Telescope to obtain exciting observations of the center of the Milky Way by combining light from all four of the 8.2-meter Unit Telescopes for the first time.
Index could help identify women at risk for rapid bone loss
Researchers have developed an index to better predict which women may experience faster bone loss across the menopause transition, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Overweight and obesity impact on periodontitis: A Brazilian birth cohort
Today at the 94th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, researcher Marco Peres, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, will present a study titled 'Overweight and Obesity Impact on Periodontitis: A Brazilian Birth Cohort.'
Stopping Zika: Saint Louis University to launch human vaccine trial
Saint Louis University's vaccine center has been tapped by the National Institutes of Health to conduct a human clinical trial of a vaccine to prevent the Zika virus, which can cause devastating birth defects in babies.
Preparing for a new relationship: Coral and algae interactions explored
Changes in gene expression were found when coral and algae begin to interact.
Object and scene recognition software work together to understand video content
Researchers from Disney Research and Shanghai's Fudan University have used deep learning techniques to train computer software to recognize events in videos, even categories of events that the software has not previously seen.
Researchers discover how faulty genetic instructions drive a deadly blood cancer in adults
A study by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers uncovered the genetic mechanism for how acute myeloid leukemia cells with a specific DNA mutation stay as undifferentiated cells, rather than maturing into healthy blood cells.
Evaluation of commercially sold rapid rabies tests reveals serious problems with accuracy
Rabies virus (RABV) transmitted by dogs is responsible for an estimated 60,000 human deaths per year, especially in Asia and Africa.
Migratory bears down in the dumps
University of Utah biologists working in Turkey discovered two surprising facts about a group of 16 brown bears: First, six of the bears seasonally migrated between feeding and breeding sites, the first known brown bears to do so.
Researchers put manganese's role in coastal waters under the microscope
Researcher George Luther from the University of Delaware recently received $870,000 from the National Science Foundation's Division of Ocean Sciences to continue investigating the important role that manganese plays in the biogeochemistry of ocean and coastal waters.
Novel gene-hunting method implicates new culprit in pancreatic cancer
Using an innovative approach to identify a cancer's genetic vulnerabilities by more swiftly analyzing human tumors transplanted into mice, researchers have identified a new potential target for pancreatic cancer treatment, published online in Cell Reports.
Visual cloud computing methods could help first responders in disaster scenarios
Visual data created by numerous security cameras, personal mobile devices and aerial video provide useful data for first responders and law enforcement.
Loss of essential protein in the choroid plexus epithelium linked to hydrocephalus
A team led by researchers at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital report that mice lacking the protein Alix develop hydrocephalus or 'water on the brain.' Alix ensures that epithelial cells of the choroid plexus are oriented correctly with respect to one another to prevent compromise of the epithelial barrier.
Dengue virus exposure may amplify Zika infection
Previous exposure to the dengue virus may increase the potency of Zika infection, according to research from Imperial College London.
The arms race at the plant root: How soil bacteria fight to escape sticky root traps
Soil is full of microbes. Specialized border cells at the outer surface of plant roots fight off these microbes as the roots penetrate the soil in search of water and nutrients.
Development of drugs for local treatment of oral conditions
On June 24, at the 94th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, researcher W.
Journalism fellowships will highlight new developments in aging
The Journalists in Aging Fellows Program, run jointly by The Gerontological Society of America and New America Media since its launch in 2010, has received renewed grant support to welcome its seventh cohort of fellows.
WHO'S TB care advice violated standards, researchers say
The World Health Organization (WHO) violated sound standards of medical care and human rights by nudging poorer countries to follow less expensive, untested and largely ineffective treatment protocols for tuberculosis patients, a new paper by researchers at Duke, Brandeis and Harvard universities argues.
New technique settles old debate on highest peaks in US Arctic
Finding out which is the highest mountain in the US Arctic may be the last thing on your mind, unless you are an explorer who skis from the tallest peaks around the globe.
Highlights for American Chemical Society 252nd National Meeting & Exposition Aug. 21-25
Journalists registering for the American Chemical Society's (ACS') 252nd National Meeting & Exposition will have an abundance of new scientific information available for their news stories.
Professor Tim Jackson awarded by Sir Edmund Hillary's Institution
Professor Tim Jackson was commended for his outstanding leadership skills and embodiment of the humanitarian commitment of Sir Edmund Hillary, founder of the Hillary Institute.
Researchers discover oldest evidence of 'farming' -- by insects
Scientists have discovered the oldest fossil evidence of agriculture -- not by humans, but by insects.
Providing bite count feedback helps lower calorie intake
New wearable technology is helping to provide novel weight loss tools.
Longevity and human health may be linked to a muscle cell enzyme
Exercise and fasting do not change the location of a key enzyme involved in energy production, a study in Experimental Physiology found.
Physics World press talk on immigration and science at the 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting
This press talk at the 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting is organized in partnership with Physics World.
Fix for 3-billion-year-old genetic error could dramatically improve genetic sequencing
Researchers found a fix for a 3-billion-year-old glitch in one of the major carriers of information needed for life, RNA, which until now produced errors when making copies of genetic information.
TSRI scientists reveal single-neuron gene landscape of the human brain
A team of scientists has completed the first large-scale assessment of single neuronal 'transcriptomes.' Their research reveals a surprising diversity in the molecules that human brain cells use in transcribing genetic information from DNA to RNA and producing proteins.
Rice scientists streamline synthesis of potential cancer drug
A team led by Rice University scientists has simplified the design and manufacture of a potent anti-tumor antibiotic known as uncialamycin.
New study highlights hidden values of open ocean
A team of scientists from NOAA Fisheries and the University of California San Diego (Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Department of Economics) has for the first time attached a dollar value to several of the leading 'ecosystem services' -- or natural benefits -- provided by the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean, an immense region stretching west from the west coasts of North and South America.

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