Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 27, 2016
Researchers find a likely cause of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have found that a likely cause of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors is deficiency in nonsense-mediated RNA decay, a system cells use to control which genes are activated.

From fire breaks to fire hazards
The peat bogs of the world, once waterlogged repositories of dead moss, are being converted into fuel-packed fire hazards that can burn for months and generate deadly smoke.

TSRI's Phil Baran wins Blavatnik National Award
Chemist Phil Baran of The Scripps Research Institute has won a 2016 Blavatnik National Award for Young Scientists.

Serpentine plants survive harsh soils thanks to borrowed genes
Scientists from the John Innes Centre have analyzed the genomes of plants that grow in harsh, serpentine soils to find out how they survive .

Why KID Syndrome patients experience different sets of symptoms
A team of New York-based researchers has compared the effects of two disease-causing mutations, potentially explaining why patients with the rare genetic disorder keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome can experience different sets of symptoms.

IU study: Virtual tissue technology reveals new drug target in polycystic kidney disease
Using virtual tissue technology, researchers at Indiana University have identified a potential new drug target in the fight against polycystic kidney disease, an illness with no effective FDA-approved treatment that affects 200,000 people per year in the United States.

Huge helium discovery 'a life-saving find'
A new approach to gas exploration has discovered a huge helium gas field, which could address the increasingly critical shortage of this vital yet rare element.

How the spleen filters blood
MIT engineers have devised a computer model of how slits in the spleen filter blood.

Mobile, phone-based microscopes work well in the field with minimal training
Handheld, mobile phone-based microscopes can be used in developing countries after minimal training of community laboratory technicians to diagnose intestinal parasites quickly and accurately.

When it comes to brown dwarfs, 'how far?' is a key question
Brown dwarfs are sometimes called failed stars. They're stars' dim, low-mass siblings and they fade in brightness over time.

New insight into cancer genes could lead to personalized treatments
Research, involving scientists and doctors at the University of Southampton and Royal Bournemouth Hospital, has identified a network of genes that are likely to be shared by all patients who have chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL).

Researchers uncover global, evolving, and historic make-up of malaria species
A team of scientists has uncovered the global, evolving, and historic make-up of Plasmodium vivax, one of the five species of malaria that infect humans.

Text messaging with smartphones triggers a new type of brain rhythm
Sending text messages on a smartphone can change the rhythm of brain waves, according to a new study published in Epilepsy & Behavior.

Anthrax capsule vaccine completely protects monkeys from lethal inhalational anthrax
Vaccination with the anthrax capsule -- a naturally occurring component of the bacterium that causes the disease -- completely protected monkeys from lethal anthrax infection, according to a study published online this week in the journal VACCINE.

The Smithsonian celebrates the Panama Canal expansion
The $5.6 billion Panama Canal expansion created an unprecedented opportunity for Smithsonian scientists to collect thousands of fossils and to study invasive species, environmental services and climate change.

An activated protein promotes α-synuclein aggregation in a Parkinson's disease model
In this month's issue of the JCI, a team led by Ted Dawson and Han Seok Ko at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine determined that activation of a protein called c-Abl exacerbates α-synuclein accumulation and the appearance of behavioral hallmarks of Parkinson's disease in mice.

UI researcher finds link between gut bacteria and MS
Researchers are now saying bad gut bacteria -- or an insufficient amount of good bacteria -- may have a direct link to multiple sclerosis.

New artificial intelligence beats tactical experts in combat simulation
Artificial intelligence recently won out during simulated aerial combat against US expert tacticians.

Political pitfalls in handling Ebola may carry over to Zika
If the United States responds to Zika the way it did to Ebola -- and early indications are that in many ways it is -- the country can expect missteps brought about by a lack of health care coordination and a lot of political finger pointing, according to an analysis by the University of Michigan.

SwRI's Parker discovers moon over Makemake in the Kuiper Belt
A Southwest Research Institute-led team has discovered an elusive, dark moon orbiting Makemake, one of the 'big four' dwarf planets populating the Kuiper Belt region at the edge of our solar system.

Performance, quality measures updated for patients with atrial fibrillation
The American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association today released updated clinical performance and quality measures for treating adult patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter.

New pathway to treat heart failure
Researchers discover a new way to keep the heart pumping, which could lead to new drugs for heart disease.

Alzheimer's genetics point to new research direction
A University of Adelaide analysis of genetic mutations which cause early-onset Alzheimer's disease suggests a new focus for research into the causes of the disease.

IU study finds testicular cancer survivors may have hearing loss after cisplatin therapy
Many testicular cancer survivors experience hearing loss after cisplatin-based chemotherapy, according to researchers at Indiana University.

NASA's SDO watches twisting solar material over sun's surface
Solar material twists above the sun's surface in this close-up captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory on June 7-8, 2016, showcasing the turbulence caused by combative magnetic forces on the sun.

Funding to help improve quality and quantity of donor limbs, tissues for transplant
A Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine faculty member has received $998,500 from the US Department of Defense to develop a new approach to improve the quality and quantity of limbs and tissues obtained from brain dead organ donors.

Super-slow circulation allowed world's oceans to store huge amounts of carbon during last ice age
The way the ocean transported heat, nutrients and carbon dioxide at the peak of the last ice age, about 20,000 years ago, is significantly different than what has previously been suggested, according to two new studies.

Foot wrap offers alternative to medication for patients with restless legs syndrome
Authors from Lake Erie Research Institute in Pennsylvania report an adjustable foot wrap caused to treat restless legs syndrome is 1.4 times more effective than the standard pharmaceutical treatment.

New software improves ability to catalog bacterial pathogens
Washington State University researchers have developed a new software tool that will improve scientists' ability to identify and understand bacterial strains and accelerate vaccine development.

How cool-season turfgrasses respond to elevated UV-B radiation
A study investigated the effects of ultraviolet-B (UV-B) light on cool-season turfgrasses (tall fescue, creeping bentgrass, and perennial ryegrass).

Antibodies to dengue may alter course of Zika virus infection
Scientists at Emory Vaccine Center, in collaboration with investigators from Thailand, find cross-reactivity that may influence plans for Zika and dengue vaccine studies.

When reality bites: Procedures meet practice in community pharmacies
High workload, rigid rules, and conflicting pressures from their employers are all leading to community pharmacy staff deviating from standard procedures at times to ensure patients receive the tailored care they require, a new study from the University of Manchester has found.

Europe: Don't adopt Australian style immigration system, warn ethicists
European countries should not adopt Australia's immigration system, with its emphasis on deterrence, warn ethicists in a special issue of the Journal of Medical Ethics, dedicated to global medical ethics.

Household fuels a major contributor to Beijing's infamous air pollution
A new study shows that because of uncontrolled and inefficient combustion of solid fuels in household devices, emission reductions from the residential sector may have greater air-quality benefits in the North China Plain, including Beijing, than reductions from other sectors, such as vehicles and power plants.

NYU to investigate gene delivery for the treatment of oral cancer pain
Gene therapy is emerging as an exciting alternative to opioids for the treatment of cancer pain.

Computer model demonstrates how human spleen filters blood
Researchers, led by Carnegie Mellon University and MIT scientists, have created a new computer model that shows how tiny slits in the spleen prevent old, diseased or misshapen red blood cells from re-entering the bloodstream.

Study finds higher rates of distress and impaired physical health among LGBT populations
In one of the largest, most representative health surveys conducted to date, lesbian, gay and bisexual adults reported substantially higher rates of severe psychological distress, heavy drinking and smoking, and impaired physical health than did heterosexuals.

Flipping a protein switch to illuminate brain functions
Researchers in Japan have engineered an artificial switch that could let scientists turn individual neurotransmitter receptors on and off.

Pain medicine helps preserve vision in model of inherited retinal degeneration
A pain medicine that potently activates a receptor vital to a healthy retina appears to help preserve vision in a model of severe retinal degeneration, scientists report.

In first-ever survey, 36 percent of water polo players report concussions
A first-of-its-kind survey has confirmed what some water polo players -- especially goalies -- have long suspected: Concussions seem to be prevalent in the sport.

Fertilizer used during plants' production adds value for consumers
A study compared strategies using water-soluble fertilizers (WSF) and controlled-release fertilizers to provide adequate nutrition during production and consumer phases of petunia.

Communication skills training for orthopedic surgery residents has positive impact
A program to improve orthopedic surgery residents' communication skills with older adults is having a positive impact, according to a new study.

Researchers develop method to map cancer progression
A team of scientists has developed a computational method to map cancer progression, an advance that offers new insights into the factors that spur this affliction as well as new ways of selecting effective therapies.

NASA spots Tropical Cyclone 02A develop in Arabian Sea
Tropical Cyclone 02A developed in the Northern Indian Ocean's Arabian Sea as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead and analyzed the storm in infrared light and NASA's Terra satellite captured a visible look at the storm.

LGBT rights and protections are scarce in constitutions around the world, UCLA study finds
Only five countries in the world have constitutions that explicitly guarantee equality for citizens on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Disrupted immunity in the fetal brain is linked to neurodevelopmental disorders
Weizmann Institute findings in mice may help explain how viral infection during pregnancy raises the risk of autism and schizophrenia in the offspring.

Researchers discover potential genetic trigger of autoimmune disease
Researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery have uncovered a potential genetic trigger of systemic autoimmune disease.

Chronic fatigue syndrome is in your gut, not your head
Physicians have been mystified by chronic fatigue syndrome, a condition where normal exertion leads to debilitating fatigue that isn't alleviated by rest.

Living, non-living, transformed ... simply food
Despite the central role of food in our lives, research has done little to discover how food concepts are organized in our brain.

Heading to the hospital? Even with insurance, it may cost $1,000 or more, study finds
Even people who have what they might think of as good health insurance, may find that their next hospital stay could cost more than $1,000 out of their own pocket.

Children consuming sports drinks unnecessarily
A high proportion of 12- to 14-year-olds are regularly consuming sports drinks socially, increasing their risk of obesity and tooth erosion, concludes a Cardiff University School of Dentistry survey.

Threshold for pre-emptive surgery to curb ovarian cancer risk should be halved
The current threshold for pre-emptive surgery to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes of women aged 40+ at high risk of developing ovarian cancer should be halved, concludes research published online in the Journal of Medical Genetics.

Researchers devise tool to improve imaging of neuronal activity in the brain
In a partnership melding neuroscience and electrical engineering, researchers have developed a new technology that will allow neuroscientists to capture images of the brain almost 10 times larger than previously possible -- helping them better understand the behavior of neurons in the brain.

Bacterial colonies in human body linked to presence of cancer in mouth and throat
In a sample study, researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have found an association between the makeup of an individual's microbiome and head and neck cancer, a finding that potentially advances the quest for faster and more accurate cancer diagnosis and therapy.

Research!America unveils election blog and map of candidates' views on medical progress
Research!America today unveiled the Campaign for Cures 2016 election blog and an online interactive map of the United States featuring hundreds of quotes on medical progress from candidates across the political spectrum running for national office.

Novel study shows twisting of the heart may predict mitral valve surgery outcomes
A simple preoperative echocardiographic measurement of the amount of torsion -- a twisting motion -- of the heart predicted outcomes of mitral valve surgery in some heart failure patients, according to a novel study published today in JACC: Basic to Translational Science.

Metabolic flexibility and immune defenses may influence species spread
Why most species are rare has long interested biologists, but until recently our understanding of the factors driving differences in range size has been limited.

Clandestine black hole may represent new population
Astronomers have combined data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, the Hubble Space Telescope and the National Science Foundation's Karl G.

Consumption of omega-3s linked to lower risk of fatal heart disease
A global consortium of researchers banded together to conduct an epidemiological study analyzing specific omega-3 fatty acid biomarkers and heart disease.

A new tool for forecasting the behavior of the microbiome
A team of investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and the University of Massachusetts have developed a suite of computer algorithms that can accurately predict the behavior of the microbiome -- the vast collection of microbes living on and inside the human body.

USF professor: No association between 'bad cholesterol' and elderly deaths
An international team of experts found that older people with high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) live as long, and often longer, than their peers with low levels of LDL-C.

Ancient 'Deep Skull' from Borneo full of surprises
A new study of the 37,000-year old remains of the 'Deep Skull' -- the oldest modern human discovered in island South-East Asia -- has revealed this ancient person was not related to Indigenous Australians, as had been originally thought.

Strengthening immune defense may be solution for treating tuberculosis
Researchers at Linköping University have made a discovery that could contribute to developing new vaccines and treatment alternatives for tuberculosis in the future.

Stanford scientists find 'water windfall' beneath California's Central Valley
New research indicates that California's Central Valley harbors three times more groundwater than previously estimated, but challenges to using it include pumping costs, ground subsidence and possible contamination from fracking and other oil and gas activities.

Fifty-four mouse testis-enriched genes are not needed for male fertility
In the male mouse, more than 2,300 genes are predominantly expressed in the testis, but their particular functions in reproduction are still a mystery.

Household fuels exceed power plants and cars as source of smog in Beijing
New research indicates that the Chinese government could achieve dramatic air quality improvements in Beijing and surrounding areas with more attention on an overlooked source of outdoor pollution -- residential cooking and heating.

Improvements in epigenomic sequencing technologies could enhance cancer diagnostics
An international research collaboration led by UCL scientists has developed ways to improve the quality and accuracy of information harvested from epigenome sequencing datasets in two new research papers published jointly in Nature Biotechnology and Nature Communications today.

Study examines health, risks for gay, bisexual adults
New national data suggest lesbian, gay and bisexual adults were more likely to report impaired physical and mental health and heavy drinking and smoking, which may be the result of stressors they experience because of discrimination, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Activities like playing cards may assist stroke rehab as well as virtual reality
A new study has found that simple, widely available and inexpensive activities such as playing cards or repeatedly throwing a foam ball or wad of paper into a wastepaper basket are just as effective in helping people regain strength and coordination following a stroke as playing virtual reality games.

Unproven claims run rampant in e-cigarette business
Electronic cigarette makers and sellers are making all kinds of health claims, many of which likely won't stand up to scrutiny under recently announced FDA regulation, a new study has found.

Optimizing the use of single arm trials in cancer drug development
The European Medicines Agency and the European Society for Medical Oncology will host a workshop on single-arm trials at the EMA headquarters in London, UK, on June 30, 2016.

Laser uranium enrichment technology may create new proliferation risks
A new laser-based uranium enrichment technology may provide a hard-to-detect pathway to nuclear weapons production, according to a forthcoming paper in the journal Science & Global Security by Ryan Snyder, a physicist with Princeton University's Program on Science and Global Security.

NIAAA director George F. Koob to receive French Legion of Honor
In recognition of his contribution to the development of scientific collaborations between France and the United States, George F.

Changes to mitochondrial metabolism allow the immune system to adapt to infection
CNIC scientists reveal how changes in the metabolism of mitochondria allow the cells of the immune system to adapt to living or dead bacteria.

New robot AntiAgeist joins jury of Beauty.AI 2.0
Insilico Medicine developed an algorithm called AntiAgeist, which compares actual human age with 'perceived' human age predicted by deep neural networks.

Researchers look into the brains of music fans
As soon as social considerations also play a part in economic decisions, our brain seems to switch to a different processing mode.

Stress contagion possible amongst students and teachers: UBC study
Teacher burnout and student stress may be linked, according to a University of British Columbia study.

Women with early stage breast cancer experience functional decline after treatment
In a study of older women with newly diagnosed stage I to III breast cancer, approximately one in five lost the ability to complete some of the basic tasks necessary for independent living within one year of initiating treatment.

Study explores emotional intelligence and stress in social work
Realistic workloads and ongoing emotional support are essential if social workers are to manage stress and perform their job effectively, according to new research by the University of East Anglia.

Gene hunters find rare inherited mutations linked to bipolar disorder
Using so-called next-generation genome sequencing, researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified 84 potential inherited gene mutations that may contribute to the most severe forms of bipolar disorder.

LED bulbs can both light a room and provide communications link
Researchers at Disney Research and ETH Zurich have demonstrated that consumer-grade light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs can, with some modifications, do double duty -- both illuminating a room and providing a communications link for devices in that room.

Anti-anxiety medication limits empathetic behavior in rats
Rats given midazolam, an anti-anxiety medication, were less likely to free trapped companions because the drug lessened their empathy, according to a new study by University of Chicago neuroscientists.

Softwares for fMRI yield erroneous results
Common statistical methods used to analyze brain activity through images taken with MRI scanners cannot be trusted, as shown by Anders Eklund and Hans Knutsson of Linköping University, and Thomas Nichols of the University of Warwick, in the highly ranked journal PNAS.

Gene mutation causes juvenile mortality in calves
Based on genome data, breeders and scientists are able to determine which hereditary factors and which genetic diseases cattle pass on to their offspring.

Electronic medical practice environment can lead to physician burnout
The growth and evolution of the electronic environment in health care is taking a toll on US physicians.

Allina Health neuroscience study improves tumor subtyping
Pathology study leads to creation of an algorithm to save time and costs in making brain tumor diagnoses.

Glorious, glowing Jupiter awaits Juno's arrival
A University of Leicester astronomer presents stunning new imagery at National Astronomy Meeting on June 27.

Internists offer practical alternatives to simplify implementation of MACRA
The American College of Physicians (ACP) offered its recommendations for improvements to the proposed rule to implement the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) in a letter submitted today to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Acting Administrator, Andy Slavitt.

New app brings to life the sights and sounds of 19th century Jewish East London
A free app uses Israel Zangwill's bestselling 1892 novel 'Children of the Ghetto' as a walking guide to East London.

Stem cell therapy as a potential treatment for severe burns patients
Scientists have discovered a new way to potentially treat muscle regeneration in patients with severe burns according to a study published today in The Journal of Physiology.

Lower levels of coenzyme Q10 in blood associated with multiple system atrophy
The neurodegenerative disease known as multiple system atrophy (MSA) affects both movement and involuntary bodily functions.

NASA's IMERG measures deadly West Virginia flooding rainfall
Since June 23, 2016 over two dozen people have been reported killed and hundreds of homes have been destroyed by flooding in West Virginia.

Huge helium discovery 'safeguards future supply for MRI scanners'
Researchers have developed systematic search methods to discover one of the world's biggest helium gas fields, associated with volcanoes in the Tanzanian Rift Valley.

Physical activity boosts kids' brain power and academic prowess
Exercise boosts kids' and young people's brain power and academic prowess, says a consensus statement on physical activity in schools and during leisure time, published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Low socioeconomic status associated with risk of death in patients with diabetes
Access and use of health care resources in Sweden is equitable and affordable and the management of those resources is well developed.

Four newly identified genes could improve rice
A Japanese research team have applied a method used in human genetic analysis to rice and rapidly discovered four new genes that are potentially significant for agriculture.

Wind-blown Antarctic sea ice helps drive ocean circulation
Antarctic sea ice is constantly on the move as powerful winds blow it away from the coast and out toward the open ocean.

UTSA researcher develops new, non-invasive method to wipe out cancerous tumors
Matthew Gdovin, an associate professor in the UTSA Department of Biology, has developed a newly patented method to kill cancer cells.

New, better way to build circuits for world's first useful quantum computers
The era of quantum computers is one step closer as a result described of research described in the current issue of the journal Science.

Getting a grip on slippery cell membranes
Within our cells, myosin-1 motors carry tiny bits of cargo along an inner framework called the cytoskeleton.

Researchers trace Mercury's origins to rare meteorite
MIT geologists trace Mercury's origins to weird, rare meteorite, and find planet cooled dramatically shortly after it formed.

Jupiter awaits arrival of Juno
In preparation for the imminent arrival of NASA's Juno spacecraft, astronomers have used ESO's Very Large Telescope to obtain spectacular new infrared images of Jupiter.

Ladykiller: Artificial sweetener proves deadly for female flies
In testing multiple artificial sweeteners, a Drexel University research team found that one was particularly deadly for female fruit flies -- and left males relatively untouched.

Diabetes sniffer dogs? 'Scent' of hypos could aid development of new tests
A chemical found in our breath could provide a flag to warn of dangerously-low blood sugar levels in patients with type 1 diabetes, according to new research the University of Cambridge.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy under-appreciated cause of sudden cardiac death in male minority athletes
Sudden deaths in young, seemingly healthy competitive athletes are tragic events.

State medical home initiative slashes healthcare costs for complex Medicaid patients
Providing Medicaid patients with a primary care 'medical home' cut costs of their care by as much as $4,100 a year and lowered their number of doctors visits and hospitalizations, according to a Perelman School of Medicine-led study published today in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Blocking key enzyme halts Parkinson's disease symptoms in mice
Researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have gleaned two important new clues in the fight against Parkinson's disease: that blocking an enzyme called c-Abl prevents the disease in specially bred mice, and that a chemical tag on a second protein may signal the disorder's presence and progression.

3-D printing produces cartilage from strands of bioink
Strands of cow cartilage substitute for ink in a 3-D bioprinting process that may one day create cartilage patches for worn out joints, according to a team of engineers.

NIH scientists decode how anthrax toxin proteins might help treat cancerous tumors
Scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, all parts of NIH, describe how combining engineered anthrax toxin proteins and existing chemotherapy drugs could potentially yield a therapy to reduce or eliminate cancerous tumors.

ASHG honors David Valle with Award for Excellence in Human Genetics Education
ASHG has named David Valle, M.D., at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, as the 2016 recipient of the annual Arno Motulsky-Barton Childs Award for Excellence in Human Genetics Education.

Entomological Society of America names winners of 2016 awards
The Entomological Society of America is pleased to announce the winners of its 2016 awards.

What happens when you steam a planet?
Numerical models show hot, rocky exoplanets can change their chemistry by vaporizing rock-forming elements in steam atmospheres that are then partially lost to space.

Researchers discover the 2009 swine flu pandemic originated in Mexico
The 2009 swine H1N1 flu pandemic -- responsible for more than 17,000 deaths worldwide -- originated in pigs from a very small region in central Mexico, a research team headed by investigators at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai is reporting.

Global analysis finds unnecessary end-of-life treatment in hospitals is widespread
The largest systematic review of the care of elderly patients hospitalized at the end of their life has found more than one-third received invasive and potentially harmful medical treatments.

Machine Learning techniques and the future of Ecology and Earth Science Research
Increasingly becoming a necessity in Ecology and Earth Science research, handling complex data can be a tough nut when traditional statistical methods are applied.

Prehypertension during pregnancy could lead to cardiovascular risks
Pregnant women who experience even subtle blood pressure elevations in the upper ranges of what is considered 'normal' blood pressure appear more likely to develop metabolic syndrome after giving birth.

Could ancient wheat be the future of food?
Researchers believe untapped consumer markets exist for ancient foods such as einkorn, emmer, and spelt.

Scientists explain unusual and effective features in perovskite
An international team of scientists have described how charge-carrying particles move in perovskite.

Cost-sharing associated with inpatient hospitalization increased 2009-2013
Cost sharing for insured adults increased 37 percent per inpatient hospitalization from 2009 to 2013, with variations in insurance policies resulting in a higher burden of out-of-pocket costs for some patients, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Sign languages provide insight into universal linguistic short-cuts
Humans have a natural drive to reduce physical effort in nearly every activity, including using language.

Building a smart cardiac patch
Harvard researchers have created nanoscale electronic scaffolds that can be seeded with cardiac cells to produce a 'bionic' cardiac patch.

Want to learn a new language? Get a partner and play this video game
Using a language-learning game called 'Crystallize,' created by Cornell University computer science faculty and students, researchers found that when players are required to work together they learn more words -- and enjoy the game more.

People can hear the difference in high resolution audio, study finds
Listeners can hear a difference between standard audio and better than CD quality, known as high resolution audio, according to a new study from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).

Controlled Colorado River flooding released stored greenhouse gases
The 2014 experimental controlled pulse of water to the Colorado River Delta has revealed an interesting twist on how large dry watercourses may respond to short-term flooding events: the release of stored greenhouse gases.

DFG approves international research project on the transnationalization of long-term care
The provision of elderly care by migrant care workers in private households can be observed in many countries, also in Germany.

Monitoring malaria parasite reveals evolving drug resistance and infection history
Scientists have discovered that the malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax is evolving rapidly to adapt to conditions in different geographical locations, in particular to defend itself against widely-used antimalarial drugs.

Teaching an old drug new tricks to fight cytomegalovirus
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have found that an old drug once mostly used to treat amebiasis -- a disease caused by a parasite -- and induce vomiting in cases of poisoning appears to also halt replication of cytomegalovirus (CMV), a herpesvirus that can cause serious disease in immunocompromised individuals, including those with HIV or organ transplant recipients.

TSRI scientists find new cancer drug target in dual-function protein
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have identified a protein that launches cancer growth and appears to contribute to higher mortality in breast cancer patients.

Gene sequences reveal global variations in malaria parasites
Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) parasites, which cause a debilitating form of malaria, are yielding their secrets to an international team of researchers funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Epigenetics: New tool for precision medicine
Four new papers, co-published by an international consortium of biomedical researchers, mark the feasibility of epigenetic analysis for clinical diagnostics and precision medicine.

Coprescribing naloxone with opioids for pain may reduce adverse events
Naloxone, a fast-acting medication used to block the effects of opioids, can be successfully coprescribed to patients receiving opioid analgesics for chronic pain in primary care.

Genome technology boosts malaria control efforts
The research improves our understanding of how the malaria parasite has evolved -- including links to past human migration -- and could boost efforts to control malaria.

'Rule-breaker' forests in Andes and Amazon revealed by remote spectral sensing
It turns out that forests in the Andean and western Amazonian regions of South America break long-understood rules about how ecosystems are put together, according to new research led by Carnegie's Greg Asner.

UAB study showcases poisoning risk to small children from laundry pods
A UAB study says laundry pod detergents pose an increased risk of severe injury for young children over nonpod detergents.

ChemCam findings hint at oxygen-rich past on Mars
The discovery of manganese oxides in Martian rocks might tell us that the Red Planet was once more Earth-like than previously believed.

Picky eaters: Bumble bees prefer plants with nutrient-rich pollen
Bumble bees have discriminating palates when it comes to their pollen meals, according to researchers at Penn State.

UH researchers discover a new method to boost oil recovery
As oil producers struggle to adapt to lower prices, getting as much oil as possible out of every well has become even more important, despite concerns from nearby residents that some chemicals used to boost production may pollute underground water resources.

Study shows women lack confidence in maternity care providers
Every woman who has ever had a baby shower has had to sit through the gruesome war stories about labor and childbirth. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to