Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 28, 2016
New electric mesh device gives the heart an electromechanical hug
A research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and Seoul National University has developed a new electric mesh device that can be wrapped around the heart to deliver electrical impulses and thereby improve cardiac function in experimental models of heart failure, a major public health concern and leading cause of mortality and disability.

Childhood binge eating: Families, feeding, and feelings
In order to put childhood binge eating into context, a new systematic review from the University of Illinois identifies two potential risk factors for binge eating in children under the age of 12.

Can pets play a role in healthy human aging? GSA and Mars Petcare team up to investigate
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has formed an innovative partnership with the world's leading pet nutrition and pet health business Mars Petcare to advance research in the area of human-animal interaction (HAI) among older adults.

No need in supercomputers
A group of physicists from the Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, the Lomonosov Moscow State University, has learned to use personal computer for calculations of complex equations of quantum mechanics, usually solved with help of supercomputers.

Non-healing tissue from diabetic foot ulcers reprogrammed as pluripotent stem cells
Researchers at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine and the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences at Tufts, led by Jonathan Garlick, have established for the first time that skin cells from diabetic foot ulcers can be reprogrammed to acquire properties of embryonic-like cells.

Early screening spots emergency workers at greater risk of mental illness
Emergency services workers who are more likely to suffer episodes of mental ill health later in their careers can be spotted in the first week of training.

Building a better battery
An international team led by Texas A&M University chemist Sarbajit Banerjee is one step closer, thanks to new research published June 28 in the journal Nature Communications that has the potential to create more efficient batteries by shedding light on the cause of one of their biggest problems -- a 'traffic jam' of ions that slows down their charging and discharging process.

Our ancestors evolved faster after dinosaur extinction
Our ancestors evolved three times faster in the 10 million years after the extinction of the dinosaurs than in the previous 80 million years, according to UCL researchers.

Car ownership has the biggest influence over how much Londoners exercise while traveling
Owning a car or bicycle has the strongest influence on how much active travel a Londoner engages in.

Don't abandon national referendums, but smaller groups often make wiser choices
New research suggests that larger crowds do not always produce wiser decisions.

Fungi can be used to control filth fly adults and reduce egg laying
Researchers at the University of Florida have found that commercial formulations containing entomopathogenic fungi can not only help to control adult house flies and stable flies, but can also inhibit egg laying and larval development.

Vegetation in Russian Arctic has memory
Scientists from the University of Cologne and the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in Potsdam are cooperating on a research project on past climate changes in the Arctic.

Video privacy software lets you select what others can see
Camera-equipped smartphones, laptops and other devices make it possible to share ideas and images with anyone, anywhere, often in real-time.

Industry-academia publication agreements include limits on publication of trial results
Publication agreements constraining academic investigators' independence are common, and incompletely reported in publications, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Tampon makers could help reduce violence against women
Manufacturers of feminine hygiene products, including tampons and sanitary products, could dedicate a part of their revenues to support public health programmes that prevent violence against women, argues an expert in The BMJ this week.

Pilot study tests possible diagnostic tools for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
New animal research has shown that measuring copper concentrations and isotope ratios in blood and other tissue may allow early diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS -- also known as Motor Neuron Disease).

'Squishy' motors and wheels give soft robots a new ride
A small, squishy vehicle equipped with soft wheels rolls over rough terrain and runs under water.

Human early visual cortex subconsciously resolves invisible conflicts
In the case of binocular rivalry, in which the conflict exists between the two eyes, the question becomes whether binocular rivalry requires conscious awareness of the conflicting information between the two eyes.

Lack of voluntary data sharing from industry-funded clinical trials
In a study appearing in the June 28 issue of JAMA, Isabelle Boutron, M.D., Ph.D., of Paris Descartes University, Paris, and colleagues investigated the proportion of randomized clinical trials registered at that were listed at the Clinical Study Data Request website, where companies voluntarily list studies for which data can be requested.

NIH-supported study pinpoints origin of 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic
NIAID-supported researchers have used genetic sequencing to show that the 2009 global H1N1 influenza pandemic began in central Mexico, originating in pigs and spreading to humans.

See and sort: Developing novel techniques to visualize uncultured microbial cell activity
In a study published online the week of June 27, 2016 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Caltech and DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers utilized a recently refined technique to identify both individual active cells, and single clusters of active bacteria and archaea within microbial communities.

Previously unknown global ecological disaster discovered
There have been several mass distinctions in the history of the earth with adverse consequences for the environment.

Sparklers in super slow-motion (video)
As Independence Day approaches, people across the country are getting ready to celebrate with fireworks.

Decreases in malaria transmission may be followed by increased susceptibility in children
Progress in reducing malaria burden in Africa may have had the paradoxical effect of increasing transmission among older children in recent years, according to research published this week in PLOS Medicine.

New study shows impact of man-made structures on Louisiana's coastal wetlands
As Louisiana's wetlands continue to disappear at an alarming rate, a new study has pinpointed the man-made structures that disrupt the natural water flow and threaten these important ecosystems.

Insurance causes costs of services to rise
Dishonesty not only damages relation between human beings, it can also have a devastating effect on the economy.

New framework uses patterns to predict terrorist behavior
Government agencies are having difficulty tracking potential terrorist attacks, since terrorists have developed new ways to communicate besides social media.

Parsley and dill help fight cancer, research shows
A team of Russian scientists proposed an efficient approach to a novel agents with anticancer activity.

Lives in the balance: Why do we hold onto potentially harmful, disease-causing mutations?
The persistence of heritable disease raises an evolutionary paradox. When DNA goes awry, and a harmful mutation sprouts up that affects survival, why aren't these simply purged from a population over generations?

Triple external quantum efficiencies -- a new material TADF was developed
An international joint research group succeeded in developing a novel thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) material which displays emission of light in colors from green to deep-red through Intersystem Crossing from the singlet to the triplet excitons, a world first.

Doing the math on Zika and sex
A University of Miami math professor has developed a scientific model to address the various ways the Zika virus proliferates.

Freiburg biologists explain function of Pentagone
How do the cells in a human embryo know where they are located in the body and how they should develop?

The July 2016 issue of Geology is now online
The July 2016 issue of the Geological Society of America's flagship journal, Geology, includes two open-access features: 'Pre-Mississippian tectonic affinity across the Canada Basin-Arctic margins of Alaska and Canada,' by David W.

Humans artificially drive evolution of new species
Species across the world are rapidly going extinct due to human activities, but humans are also causing rapid evolution and the emergence of new species.

NYU Tandon to embed NYC teachers in industry so they can be engineering career advocates
Next year, a grant of $600,000 from the National Science Foundation will include funds to pay 30 middle and high school teachers for a six-week-long summer training program at the research laboratories of the NYU Tandon School of Engineering and a participating industry sponsor.

Did controversy over statins influence their use in the UK?
A period of controversy over the risks and benefits of statins, covered widely in the UK media, was followed by a temporary increase in the number of people stopping their statin treatment, finds a study in The BMJ today.

Researchers find protein signatures for accurate noninvasive diagnosis of prostate cancer
Researchers at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research and University Health Network in Toronto, along with researchers at the Eastern Virginia Medical School, have created protein signatures that accurately diagnose prostate cancer and can distinguish between patients with aggressive versus non-aggressive disease using a simple urine sample.

At the droplet of a hat: Capturing mixable liquid interaction
The spreading of mixable liquids into 'droplet hats' was observed for the first time, which could lead to insight into improving strategies for cleaning animals affected by oil spills.

Lionfish invading the Mediterranean Sea
Rising sea temperatures in the Mediterranean are encouraging alien lionfish species to invade and colonise new territories with potentially serious ecological and socioeconomic impacts.

Liberals, conservatives differ in response to bin Laden's death
Conservative Americans remained unwaveringly suspicious of foreigners following Osama bin Laden's death, while liberals dropped their guard briefly before returning to more vigilant beliefs, finds a provocative new study led by a Michigan State University scholar.

Lung cancer experts seek public comments on revised molecular testing guideline
The College of American Pathologists, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, and the Association for Molecular Pathology announced today the open comment period for the revised evidence-based guideline, 'Molecular Testing Guideline for Selection of Lung Cancer Patients for EGFR and ALK Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.'

Study uses diverse sample to examine childhood weight's link to age of first substance use
Girls who were overweight as children are likely to begin using cigarettes, marijuana or alcohol at an earlier age than their healthy-weight peers, according to a new study by researchers in the Indiana University School of Education.

European Medicines Agency talks to doctors and industry about revising trial design
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has discussed its concept paper for evaluating trial results on treatments for acute coronary syndromes with doctors and drug companies.

NSF grants IU $525,000 to advance research on molecular transformation, carbon recycling
Two Indiana University chemists have received $525,000 from the National Science Foundation to advance research with applications to the emerging field of carbon recycling.

NASA sees wind shear affecting Tropical Cyclone 02A
Tropical Cyclone 02A made its way west across the Arabian Sea and NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the storm when it was just off the coast of Oman.

Novel lipid lowering medication improves blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes
Volanesorsen, an experimental lipid-lowering medication, improved insulin sensitivity and glucose control by significantly decreasing patients' overall hemoglobin A1c -- the standard clinical measurement of blood glucose levels for diabetics -- in a new study reported by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Latest research on physical therapy in ICU setting a 'surprising reversal'
In a surprising about-face, researchers have determined that a protocol providing physical therapy to ICU patients with acute respiratory failure did not shorten hospital length of stay.

Honeybee circadian rhythms are affected more by social interactions
Hebrew University field study shows for the first time that social time cues override influence of light and darkness in regulating the natural body clock of honeybees, highlighting the complexity of clock regulation in natural habitat

New method to grow and transplant muscle stem cells holds promise for treatment of MD
Satellite cells are stem cells found in skeletal muscles. While transplantation of such muscle stem cells can be a potent therapy for degenerative muscle diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, these cells tend to lose their transplantation efficiency when cultured in vitro.

Researcher finds 'ghost workers' common in migrant farm work
New research by Sarah Horton, an anthropologist at the University of Colorado Denver, reveals that employers in agricultural industries often take advantage of migrants' inability to work legally by making their employment contingent upon working under the false or borrowed identity documents provided by employers.

Gene signature in ovarian cancer predicts survival and offers new drug target
A new UK study has identified a gene signature that predicts poor survival from ovarian cancer.

Urban rabbits distance themselves more from their neighbors
As a group of researchers at Goethe University has now discovered, urban rabbits display a greater need to segregate themselves from their neighbors.

New research shows vaccine protection against Zika virus
The rapid development of a safe and effective vaccine to prevent the Zika virus (ZIKV) is a global priority, as infection in pregnant women has been shown to lead to fetal microcephaly and other major birth defects.

The living messages
UCSB assistant professor of communication Jennifer Kam receives early career award from the National Communication Association.

Thirty-one top scientific societies speak with one voice on global climate change
In a consensus letter to US policymakers, a partnership of 31 leading nonpartisan scientific societies today reaffirmed the reality of human-caused climate change, noting that greenhouse gas emissions 'must be substantially reduced' to minimize negative impacts on the global economy, natural resources, and human health.

Helicopter parents: Hovering may have effect as kids transition to adulthood
Parental involvement is crucial to a child's development into an adult, but Florida State University researchers are finding that crossing the line between supportive and too involved could indirectly lead to issues such as depression and anxiety for young adults.

Media registration now open for TCT 2016
TCT 2016 (Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics) is the annual Scientific Symposium of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF).

National Institutes of Health awards $69.6 million to support research partnership
The National Institutes of Health has awarded $69.6 million to the UCLA Clinical and Translational Science Institute, a research partnership of UCLA, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Charles R.

Rehab therapy while in ICU for respiratory failure does not reduce hospital length of stay
In a study appearing in the June 28 issue of JAMA, Peter E.

Pipelines affect health, fitness of salmon, study finds
Pipelines carrying crude oil to ports in British Columbia may spell bad news for salmon, according to a new University of Guelph-led study.

Baby fish lose poisonous protectors in acidified oceans
A common close partnership which sees baby fish sheltering from predators among the poisonous tentacles of jellyfish will be harmed under predicted ocean acidification, a new University of Adelaide study has found.

Rotating ring of complex organic molecules discovered around newborn star
Researchers using ALMA discovered a rotating ring containing large organic molecules around a protostar.

CIP sweetpotato scientists awarded World Food Prize for combatting vitamin A deficiency
The World Food Prize, announced that the 2016 World Food Prize will be awarded to three International Potato Center (CIP) Scientists, Drs.

'Bugs' on the subway: Monitoring the microbial environment to improve public health
The trillions of microbes that transfer from people to surfaces could provide an early warning system for the emergence of public health threats such as a flu outbreak or a rise in antibiotic resistance, according to a study from Harvard T.H.

Mutant enzyme study aids in understanding of sirtuin's functions
The enzyme sirtuin 6, or SIRT6, serves many key biological functions in regulating genome stability, DNA repair, metabolism and longevity, but how its multiple enzyme activities relate to its various functions is poorly understood.

Danish researchers identify possible link between the environment and puberty
Danish researchers have discovered a possible epigenetic link between the environment and pubertal timing.

Zika vaccines protect mice from infection
A single dose of either of two experimental Zika vaccines fully protected mice challenged with Zika virus four or eight weeks after receiving the inoculations.

Could growing Internet use inspire more democratic uprisings?
While events like the Arab Spring brought hope that the Internet could inspire the growth of democracy in authoritarian countries, a new study offers a reality check.

New study shows a generational shift toward lighter drinking in Australia
Alcohol consumption in Australia has declined steadily during the past decade, with per capita consumption in 2013-14 reaching its lowest level since the early 1960s.

Brachytherapy pioneer Haakon Ragde, M.D., chosen as ASTRO 2016 Honorary Member
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has selected Haakon Ragde, M.D., as its 2016 Honorary Member, the highest honor ASTRO bestows on distinguished cancer researchers, scientists and leaders in disciplines other than radiation oncology, radiobiology or radiation physics.

Programs to thwart prescription drug misuse exist, not always used
Misuse of prescription pain medications remains a major public health problem -- but programs to prevent it may be underused, according to a study in the July issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Researchers identify new strategy for decreasing neonatal mortality
Researchers have discovered how the bacteria Group B streptococcus avoids detection by the immune system during pregnancy.

Statins controversy linked to rise in UK patients stopping the treatment
A period of intense debate about statins, covered widely in the mainstream media, was followed by a substantial rise in the proportion of people in the UK stopping taking the drug, according to a new study by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

Methylene blue shows promise for improving short-term memory
A single oral dose of methylene blue results in an increased MRI-based response in brain areas that control short-term memory and attention, according to a new study.

UChicago Medicine to host regional Cancer Moonshot Summit
The University of Chicago Medicine Comprehensive Cancer Center has been chosen to co-host a regional conference to rally a critical mass of minds around the topic of cancer, concurrent to Vice President Joe Biden's Cancer Moonshot Summit in Washington on Wednesday.

Stanford researchers developing 'electronic' skin (video)
The Speaking of Chemistry summer road trip continues through the Golden State.

Researcher receives grant to understand why some HIV+ individuals avoid 'duet of death'
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine experts and colleagues in the United States and Africa have received an $11 million, five-year NIH grant to understand why some people living with HIV in Africa avoid becoming infected with the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB) despite exposure to high-TB-risk circumstances.

Patient-centered approach to collect sexual orientation and gender ID information studied
In new research to be presented at the AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, BWH researchers will discuss findings from the EQUALITY Study which seeks to identify the best patient-centered approach to collecting SO/GI demographic data in the Emergency Department.

Engineers to use cyborg insects as biorobotic sensing machines
A team of engineers from Washington University in St. Louis wants to capitalize on the sense of smell in locusts to create new biorobotic sensing systems that could be used in homeland security applications.

A 2-in-1 punch for taking out cancer
Bioengineers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have engineered a single nanoparticle that comprises a synergistic drug pair and demonstrate that the mechanisms of resistance can be shut down to a degree that has never been achieved before.

World's first successful artificial insemination of southern rockhopper penguin
DNA tests have confirmed that one of the three southern rockhopper penguin chicks born at Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan between June 4-6 was conceived through artificial insemination.

New way out: Researchers show how stem cells exit bloodstream
Researchers at North Carolina State University have discovered that therapeutic stem cells exit the bloodstream in a different manner than was previously thought.

Greenery in neighborhoods may reduce adolescent aggressive behavior
A study to be published in the July 2016 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry reports that adolescents in urban communities may have less aggressive behaviors if they live in neighborhoods with more greenery, such as parks, golf courses, or fields.

Night-time light pollution causes spring to come early
Human use of artificial light is causing spring to come at least a week early in the UK, researchers at the University of Exeter in Cornwall have found.

Obesity linked to increased risk of multiple sclerosis
Individuals who are obese in early adulthood face a heightened risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS), according to new research conducted by Dr.

ASHG honors James F. Gusella with William Allan Award
ASHG has named James Gusella, PhD, of Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, and the Broad Institute; the 2016 recipient of the annual William Allan Award.

What effect does oral aloe vera have on diabetes?
A meta-analysis of studies in people with diabetes and pre-diabetes has shown that oral aloe vera use was associated with significant decreases in both fasting blood glucose (FBG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c).

Insights into neurons that cause symptoms of Rett syndrome could guide new therapy search
Two studies in mice from Baylor College of Medicine, Texas, reveal new insights into neurons that mediate symptoms typical of the postnatal neurological disorder Rett syndrome.

TSRI scientists stabilize HIV structure, design potential AIDS vaccine candidates
Two new studies led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute advance efforts to produce HIV vaccine candidates, potentially suitable for large-scale production.

New mid-infrared laser system could detect atmospheric chemicals
MIT researchers have found a way to use mid-infrared lasers to turn molecules in the open air into glowing filaments of electrically charged gas, or plasma.

Study shows trees with altered lignin are better for biofuels
By engineering a novel enzyme involved in lignin synthesis, scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators have altered the lignin in plant cell walls in a way that increases access to biofuel building blocks without inhibiting plant growth.

UGR researchers conduct Parkinson's screening to improve early and differential diagnosis
Scientists at the University of Granada, in collaboration with the Virgen de las Nieves and San Cecilio hospitals and University College London, have identified eleven pathogenic mutations in various genes involved in the disease.

Researchers use liquid biopsy biomarkers to identify prostate cancer before surgery
Prostate cancer researchers have discovered biomarkers using non-invasive liquid biopsies to identify aggressive disease before surgery.

European and Asian scientists take to the sea to fathom the '2012 Great Earthquake'
Singaporean, French and Indonesian scientists will be heading into the Indian Ocean in July to investigate the cause of the largest intraplate earthquake ever recorded in an ocean.

Free articles on Aedes albopictus, mosquitoes that may transmit Zika
Oxford University Press and the Entomological Society of America have released a special collection of free articles on the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus).

New technology could deliver drugs to brain injuries
A new study led by scientists at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute describes a technology that could lead to new therapeutics for traumatic brain injuries.

Shape-changing enzyme suggests how small doses of anti-HIV drug might treat Alzheimer's
The target pinpointed by the NIST scientists is where an approved anti-HIV drug latches to the enzyme already responsible for about 80 percent of the cholesterol elimination from the human brain.

One giant leap for the future of safe drug delivery
By using an innovative 3-D inkjet printing method, researchers from Chemical and Biological Engineering at the University of Sheffield have taken the biggest step yet in producing microscopic silk swimming devices that are biodegradable and harmless to a biological system.

Antidepressant does not reduce hospitalization, death for HF patients with depression
In a study appearing in the June 28 issue of JAMA, Christiane E.

Boston subway system covered in microbes, but they're not harmful
Boston's subway system, known as the T, might be just as bacteria-laden as you'd expect but organisms found there are largely from normal human skin and incapable of causing disease, according to a study published June 28 in mSystems, an open access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Medical device regulation in the EU and US needs urgent reform, say experts
Medical devices approved first in the European Union (EU) are associated with a greater rate of safety issues, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

Clemson University researchers working on sensor that could help keep nation safe
A sensor in development at Clemson University could help search for some of the globe's most potentially destructive weapons to keep them out of the hands of terrorists and rogue nations.

Lab-tested diagnosis needed when treating patients with persistent diarrhea
Persistent diarrhea, which is diarrhea that lasts at least 14 days, is an illness typically caused by parasites or bacteria and requires accurate diagnosis in order to determine what treatment to give, according to Herbert L.

Female deer disperse farther than males, present disease-control challenge
Fewer female white-tailed deer disperse than males, but when they do, they typically travel more than twice as far, taking much more convoluted paths and covering larger areas, according to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.

Fish oil during pregnancy offers no protection for children against obesity
In Europe almost one in three schoolchildren under 10 is overweight.

Unidentified spectra detector
- New algorithm clusters hundreds of millions of unidentified peptide sequences for analysis; By clustering all public mass spectrometry spectra in the PRIDE Archive proteomics resource, researchers detected incorrectly identified, low-quality and unidentified spectra.

Animals 'inherit' their social network from their mothers, Penn study shows
In a newly published study in the journal Nature Communications, two biologists from the University of Pennsylvania have developed a mathematical model of the way social networks arise in animal populations.

Hubble nets a cosmic tadpole
This new image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope shows a cosmic tadpole, with its bright head and elongated tail, wriggling through the inky black pool of space.

New preclinical study indicates vaccine to prevent Zika infection in humans is feasible
The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) and collaborators at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School have completed a promising preclinical study of two Zika vaccine candidates that suggests that an effective human vaccine will be achievable.

1815 UK geologic map remains the benchmark
Although most people do not regularly appreciate it, geologic maps have been and remain a critical foundation of industrial society.

Conservation key to curbing emissions from palm oil agriculture in Africa
As oil palm production expands from Southeast Asia into Central Africa, a Duke-led study finds that converting Africa's forests into monoculture plantations could trigger significant carbon emissions unless governments enact mandatory policies regulating which forests can be cleared and how much remaining forest must be set aside for conservation.

Progesterone in botanicals could aid women's health
The University of Illinois at Chicago has received a five-year, $1.225 million federal grant to discover progesterone-like compounds from commonly consumed botanicals and learn how the hormones can aid women's health.

Researchers find human development's first gear
Oxford University researchers are closer to solving a decade-old mystery after discovering that a set of genes they are studying play a key role in early human development.

New model predicts once-mysterious chemical reactions
A team of researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory and Curtin University in Australia developed a theoretical model to forecast the fundamental chemical reactions involving molecular hydrogen.

Cannabinoids remove plaque-forming Alzheimer's proteins from brain cells
Preliminary lab studies at the Salk Institute find THC reduces beta amyloid proteins in human neurons.

High expectations of CERN -- focus on particle physics at Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting
The smallest building blocks of matter were the focus of a panel discussion held yesterday at the 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting.

Tiniest imperfections make big impacts in nano-patterned materials
A research team at Clarkson University reports an interesting conclusion that could have major impacts on the future of nano-manufacturing.

Monkey study shows Zika infection prolonged in pregnancy
University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers studying monkeys have shown that one infection with Zika virus protects against future infection, though pregnancy may drastically prolong the time the virus stays in the body.

A lesson from fruit flies
Extending what they learned from flies to mice, researchers discover a possible first therapy for an uncommon childhood disease.

People in hotter, poorer neighborhoods at higher risk of death during extreme heat
In Vancouver, heat exposure and social vulnerability can be a lethal combination.

Lost hormone is found in starfish
Biologists from Queen Mary University of London have discovered that the evolutionary history of a hormone responsible for sexual maturity in humans is written in the genes of the humble starfish.

Veils, headscarves may improve observers' ability to judge truthfulness, study finds
Contrary to the opinions of some courts, it is easier to determine the truthfulness of a woman wearing a headscarf or even a veil that leaves only her eyes exposed than a woman wearing no head covering at all, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

New blind and rare planthopper species and genus dwells exclusively in a Brazilian cave
This cave planthopper species new to science is only the second dwelling exclusively in the subterranean depths of Brazil from its family.

International conference "Geo Bon" wants to close knowledge gaps in global biodiversity
At the beginning of July in Leipzig, several hundred international experts in monitoring biological diversity will advise how the enormous gaps in knowledge about global biodiversity can be closed.

SwRI's Alan Stern receives Distinguished Public Service Medal
New Horizons leader recognized for successful Pluto mission that completed initial reconnaissance of the solar system.

Cross-respiration between oral bacteria leads to worse infections
Researchers determined that two bacterial species commonly found in the human mouth and in abscesses, cooperate to make the pathogenic bacterium, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, more infectious.

Risk of death for adults with blood cancer higher in three N.C. regions
For patients treated in a hospital, the risk of death from acute myeloid leukemia was elevated in three regions of North Carolina compared to a benchmark. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to