Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 29, 2016
Protein in, ammonia out
A recent study has compiled and analyzed data from 25 previous studies.

Plutons, swarms, geothermal energy, and active margins in transition
New articles from the Geological Society of America's online-only journal, Geosphere, are now available.

Congress should create commission to examine the protection of participants in research
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine that examines the regulations governing federally funded research recommends that Congress authorize and the president appoint an independent national commission to examine and update the ethical, legal, and institutional frameworks governing research involving human subjects.

Aussie innovation changing how we experience the Tour de France and Rio Olympics
Sports fans are about to get a whole new way of experiencing the upcoming Tour de France and select endurance sports at the Rio 2016 Olympics thanks to a start-up out of CSIRO's Data61 group.

New species of spider discovered 'next door' at the the borders of cereal fields in Spain
While many think that it is necessary to travel to far off pristine tropical forests to discover new species, the truth is that the Old World still keeps surprises up its sleeve.

Fire discovery sheds new light on 'hobbit' demise
Crucial new evidence has revealed modern humans (Homo sapiens) were likely using fire at Liang Bua 41,000 years ago, narrowing the time gap between the last hobbits (Homo floresiensis) and the first modern humans at this site on the Indonesian island of Flores.

Educating parents on healthy infant sleep habits may help prevent obesity
Teaching parents bedtime techniques to encourage healthy sleep habits in their infants may help prevent obesity, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Ovarian cancer study uncovers new biology
In what is believed to be the largest study of its kind, scientists at The Johns Hopkins University and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory led a study that examined the proteomes of 169 ovarian cancer patients to identify critical proteins expressed by their tumors.

Unlocking the secrets of nerve regeneration
Scientists at Hokkaido University found that a glutamate receptor GluD2 was responsible for the regeneration of synapses in the cerebellum.

Testing for malaria -- or cancer -- at home, via cheap paper strips
Chemists at The Ohio State University are developing paper strips that detect diseases including cancer and malaria -- for a cost of 50 cents per strip.

Modeling NAFLD with human pluripotent stem cell derived immature hepatocyte like cells
Researchers from the Institute for Stem Cell Research and Regenerative Medicine at the University Clinic of Düsseldorf have established an in vitro model system for investigating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Campgrounds alter jay behavior
Anyone who's gone camping has seen birds foraging for picnic crumbs, and according to new research in The Condor: Ornithological Applications, the availability of food in campgrounds significantly alters jays' behavior and may even change how they interact with other bird species.

Kaiser Permanente study: National rates of death due to heart disease, stroke leveling off
After more than a decade of steady improvements, the decline in mortality rates from heart disease and stroke has slowed nationally and nearly leveled out since 2011, according to a new analysis from Kaiser Permanente published in JAMA Cardiology.

The brain watched during language learning
Researchers from Nijmegen, the Netherlands, have for the first time captured images of the brain during the initial hours and days of learning a new language.

This week from AGU: Ocean currents intensify, capping warming, and 4 research spotlights
This Week from AGU: ocean currents intensify, capping warming, and four research spotlights.

Universe becoming cleaner as cosmic dust gets mopped up by stars, astronomers reveal
The universe is becoming gradually cleaner as more and more cosmic dust is being mopped up by the formation of stars within galaxies, an international team of astronomers has revealed.

New clues about the aging brain's memory functions
A European study led by Umeå University Professor Lars Nyberg, has shown that the dopamine D2 receptor is linked to the long-term episodic memory, which function often reduces with age and due to dementia.

Surprising qualities of insulator ring surfaces
Topological insulators behave like insulators at their core and allow good conductivity on their surface.

Aerobic exercise and CVD in women with fatty liver disease
Aerobic exercise improves cardiovascular disease risk factors in postmenopausal women with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Persistent HPV infection raises risk of anal and genital cancers
Women with a history of severe cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, a precancerous condition of the cervix that arises from infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV), had a long-term increased risk of developing anal, vulvar, and vaginal cancer.

Conserved microRNAs may regulate limb regeneration in evolutionarily distant species
Several conserved microRNAs, or short, highly conserved noncoding RNAs that are targeted to and inhibit expression of specific genes, may be involved in the regulation of limb regeneration across evolutionarily distant species.

Mechanical engineering team gets $200K to study increasing capacity of lithium batteries
The National Science Foundation has awarded $200,022 to a research team led by Likun Zhu, an associate professor of mechanical engineering with the School of Engineering and Technology at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, to overcome problems with one approach to increasing the capacity of lithium ion batteries.

Rate of decline of cardiovascular deaths slows in US
In a study published online by JAMA Cardiology, Stephen Sidney, M.D., M.P.H., of Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, and colleagues examined recent national trends in death rates due to all cardiovascular disease (CVD), heart disease (HD), stroke, and cancer, and also evaluated the gap between mortality rates from HD and cancer.

University of Montana graduate student earns prestigious immunology fellowship
University of Montana doctoral candidate Joanna Kreitinger was one of 48 people nationwide selected to receive a 2016 American Association of Immunologists Careers in Immunology Fellowship.

Blue-collar training in high school leaves women behind
What's the best way to prepare high schoolers for jobs in the 21st century?

Queen's researcher finds truth to age-old maxim 'work hard, play hard'
Queen's University biology professor Lonnie Aarssen has published a study that, for the first time, provides strong empirical support for a correlation between a motivation to seek accomplishment and an attraction to leisure.

Stem cell treatment for Lou Gehrig's disease may be safe
A phase II clinical trial in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease, suggests that transplanting human stem cells into the spinal cord may be done safely.

Nutrition labels on dining hall food: Are they being used? By who?
University of Illinois dining halls voluntarily label foods with nutrition information.

Ocean acidification affects predator-prey response
Ocean acidification makes it harder for sea snails to escape from their sea star predators, according to a study from UC Davis.

As sea level rises, Hudson River wetlands may expand
In the face of climate change impact and inevitable sea level rise, Cornell and Scenic Hudson scientists studying New York's Hudson River estuary have forecast new tidal wetlands, comprising perhaps 33 percent more wetland area by the year 2100.

Video may help heart failure patients choose level of end-of-life care
Patients with advanced heart failure who viewed a video depicting end-of-life care options were more likely to choose comfort care over life-prolonging care.

Researcher awarded $2.8 million to study use of nanotechnology in cancer treatment
Julia Ljubimova, MD, PhD, director of the Nanomedicine Research Center in the Cedars-Sinai Department of Neurosurgery, has received a $2.8 million federal grant to advance her research of tumor nanoimmunology to treat cancers of the brain, breast, lung and other organs.

Vision through the clouds
Poor weather can often make the operation of rescue helicopters a highly risky business, and sometimes even impossible.

Ovarian cancer study provides painstaking look at inner workings of tumors
Scientists have examined the collections of proteins in the tumors of 169 ovarian cancer patients to identify critical proteins present in their tumors.

New neuroendovascular technique shows promise in stroke patients with large-vessel clots
In an article published online April 16, 2016 by the Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery, investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina report promising 90-day outcomes for stroke patients with large-vessel clots who underwent thrombectomy or clot removal using the direct-aspiration, first pass technique (ADAPT).

Mountaineering ants use body heat to warm nests
Underground army ants can keep their nests -- called bivouacs -- warm with their body heat; this social warming may enable fragile offspring to survive in chilly mountain forests, according to Drexel University researchers.

Zika virus infection may be prolonged in pregnancy
Zika virus infection confers protection against future infection in monkeys, but lingers in the body of pregnant animals for prolonged periods of time, according to research funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Plate tectonics without jerking
The earthquake distribution on ultra-slow mid-ocean ridges differs fundamentally from other spreading zones.

The large-scale stability of chromosomes
A new study led by the SISSA of Trieste and published in PLOS Computational Biology adds detail to the theoretical models used in chromatin simulations and demonstrates that even when made up of a mixture of fibres with different properties chromatin does not alter its three-dimensional structure above a certain spatial resolution.

El Niño could drive intense season for Amazon fires
The long-lasting effects of El Niño are projected to cause an intense fire season in the Amazon, according to the 2016 seasonal fire forecast from scientists at NASA and the University of California, Irvine.

Men may face high lifetime risk of sudden cardiac death
One in nine men may be at higher risk of premature death due to sudden cardiac death - usually with no warning.

Rice University lab runs crowd-sourced competition to create 'big data' diagnostic tools
A crowdsourced collaboration/competition known as DREAM 9 centered at Rice University set out three years ago to develop ideas for computational tools that would help treat patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

To improve global health, experts call for a standard list of essential diagnostic tests
A team of experts has put together a list of the key diagnostic tests that every country should have available, with high quality standards, in order to make the best use of the World Health Organization's list of essential medicines.

NASA sees heavy rain in Arabian Sea tropical cyclone
Tropical Cyclone 02A in the Arabian Sea east of Oman has been weakening and has become a tropical depression.

Cornell University astronomer recognized for outstanding science achievement
Lisa Kaltenegger, associate professor of astronomy and director of Cornell's Carl Sagan Institute, has been name the inaugural recipient of the Barrie Jones Award by The Open University (OU), United Kingdom, and the Astrobiology Society of Britain (ASB).

Penguin population could drop 60 percent by end of the century
University of Delaware researchers project that approximately 30 percent of current Adélie penguin colonies may be in decline by 2060 and approximately 60 percent may be in decline by 2099.

Tennessee 4-H awarded $10,000 sponsorship for summer camp STEM experience
University of Tennessee Extension has been awarded one of four $10,000 sponsorships from HughesNet; to implement a 'Summer Camp STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) Experience' during Junior 4-H camp this summer in Columbia, Crossville and Greeneville.

Vaccine against Zika virus tested successfully in mice
An experimental vaccine against Zika virus developed by Brazilian and US researchers has been tested successfully in trials with mice.

Saved by the sun
A new twist on the use of renewable energy is saving children's lives in Africa.

Immune system link to kidney disease risk, research finds
A gene which forms part of our body's first line of defence against infection may be associated with an increased risk with a type of kidney disease, research involving academics at The University of Nottingham has discovered.

Overweight youths at greater risk for heart failure
Losing weight as an adult is fine if you want to reduce your risk of heart attack.

Skype data of 500 million people reveals the real patterns of social adoption
Global patterns of adoption spreading are induced by local adoption cascades initiated by multiple spontaneous adopters arriving at a constant rate, amplified by a large number of adoptions induced by social influence, and controlled by individuals who are immune to the actual adoption.

Shaping drops: Control over stiction and wetting
TU Wien (Vienna), KU Leuven and the University of Zürich have discovered a robust surface whose adhesive and wetting properties can be switched using electricity.

The Lancet: Zika virus identified in brain and placenta tissue, strengthening link to birth defects
New research, published today in The Lancet, reveals that Zika virus has been detected in the brain tissue of a deceased two-month-old baby in Brazil who was diagnosed with microcephaly, in the brain tissue of two newborns who died shortly after birth, and in the placenta tissue of two fetuses that were spontaneously aborted.

Rio athletes may benefit from 'leaky gut' therapy
'Leaky gut' is a condition where the thin mucosal barrier of the gut, which plays a role in absorbing nutrients and preventing large molecules and germs from the gut entering the blood stream, becomes less effective.

Make no mistake, revenge is (bitter)sweet, study confirms
New research from Washington University in St. Louis is adding a twist to the science of revenge, showing that our love-hate relationship with this dark desire is indeed a mixed bag, making us feel both good and bad, for reasons we might not expect.

Sexual arms race drives range expansion in UK diving beetle species
Sexual conflict and relative mating success seems to be driving a dramatic shift in the distribution of diving beetles in the UK, a new study led by Plymouth University shows.

Current stimulation of the brain restores vision in patients with glaucoma and optic nerve damage
Vision loss due to glaucoma or optic nerve damage is generally considered irreversible.

Closer to reality: What can we really see when we look at a sample?
Without detailed knowledge of the properties of the materials we use today's technology could neither function nor develop.

Researchers identify the molecular roots of lung damage in preemies with GI disease
Johns Hopkins researchers report they have figured out a root cause of the lung damage that occurs in up to 10 percent of premature infants who develop necrotizing enterocolitis, a disorder that damages and kills the lining of the intestine.

RIT professors create new method for identifying black holes
RIT professors have developed a faster, more accurate way to assess gravitational wave signals and infer the astronomical sources that made them.

Birmingham researchers devise test to predict sepsis in burns patients
Researchers have created a potentially life-saving new test that will allow clinicians to predict which burn victims will develop sepsis during their treatment.

Significant expansion of data available in the Genomic Data Commons
Recently launched Genomic Data Commons will get a dramatic increase in the power and utility of its resources with the announcement today of the signing of a data sharing agreement between the National Cancer Institute and Foundation Medicine Inc., a molecular information company that has generated genomic profiles of people with cancer.

Little to no association between butter consumption and chronic disease or total mortality
An epidemiological study analyzing the association of butter consumption with chronic disease and mortality finds that butter was only weakly associated with total mortality, not associated with heart disease, and slightly inversely associated (protective) with diabetes.

Collisions during DNA replication and transcription contribute to mutagenesis
Replication-transcription head-on collisions contribute to mutagenesis.

New research could lead to restoring vision for sufferers of retinal disorders
Engineers and neuroscientists at the University of Sheffield have demonstrated for the first time that the cells in the retina carry out key processing tasks.

Daily 'soak and smear' or steer clear?
For at least 100 years, parents of kids who have eczema have asked doctors how often they should bathe their child.

First poster session at Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting: Young physicists impress with their research
Thirty young scientists had a unique opportunity yesterday to present their research work to an audience of participants at the 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting.

On Canada Day, celebrate 'lost stories' from coast to coast to coast
Ronald Rudin, a professor in Concordia's Department of History, has received funding from the federal Department of Canadian Heritage to unearth some of these lesser-known tales in time for Canada Day 2017.

Portable test rapidly detects Zika in saliva for $2
Anxiety over the Zika virus is growing as the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro approach.

Protein associated with improved survival in some breast cancer patients
A family of proteins that help cancer cells survive and spread around the body may be associated with improved prognosis for some women receiving treatment for breast cancer, research has shown.

NIH awards $11 million to UTHealth researchers to study deadly prion diseases
Led by Claudio Soto, Ph.D., researchers from McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have been awarded $11 million from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to study the pathogenesis, transmission and detection of prion diseases -- such as chronic wasting disease in deer -- that can potentially spread to humans.

A drop of water as a model for the interplay of adhesion and stiction
Physicists at the University of Zurich have developed a system that enables them to switch back and forth the adhesion and stiction (static friction) of a water drop on a solid surface.

The Lancet: Microcephaly screening alone won't detect all cases of Zika virus in newborns, study suggests
Zika virus infection cannot be accurately diagnosed in newborns solely on the basis of microcephaly screening, according to the largest study of its kind to date published in The Lancet.

Cost of poor child growth in developing world: $177 billion in lost wages for children born each year
Early life growth faltering in low- and middle-income countries results in a US $176.8 billion reduction in potential career earnings for children born each year, according to new Harvard T.H.

Researchers find surface of Mercury arose from deep inside the planet
NASA researchers have found that several volcanic deposits on Mercury's surface require mantle melting to have started close to the planet's core-mantle boundary, which lies only 400 km below the planets surface and making it unique in the solar system.

Motivation to bully is regulated by brain reward circuits
Researchers identify nerve cell communication between specific brain regions, providing insight for the development of new therapeutic strategies.

New technique sorts drivers from passengers in cancer genomics, implicates GON4L
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published in the journal Cancer Research demonstrates a novel method for sorting passenger from driver alterations, and uses this method to pinpoint a new driver and potential therapeutic target in cancer progression, GON4L.

Total face transplant in patient with severe burns -- team outlines surgical approach
Last year, the most extensive clinical face transplant to date was successfully carried out at NYU Langone Medical Center.

Watching a forest breathe
For the first time, scientists traced carbon dioxide flows through a forest during photosynthesis and respiration, correcting long-standing assumptions about how plants exchange the greenhouse gas with the atmosphere on an ecosystem-wide level.

European grant for research into new security approach for microchips
Belgian researchers from KU Leuven and digital research centre iMinds have received an ERC Advanced Grant of more than 2 million euros to make microchips more resistant to cyberattacks and other security threats.

Anti-PD-L1 immunotherapy responsive in microsatellite-stable mCRC comb with MEK inhibition
Anti-PD-L1 immunotherapy may achieve a response in patients with microsatellite-stable metastatic colorectal cancer if combined with a MEK inhibitor, according to phase I data presented at the ESMO 18th World Congress of Gastrointestinal Cancer in Barcelona, Spain.

Jasmonate-deficient tobacco plants attract herbivorous mammals
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, the University of Bern, Switzerland, and Washington State University demonstrated the importance of jasmonate-dependent nicotine production for the survival of tobacco plants which are attacked by mammalian herbivores.

Radiation-guided nanoparticles zero in on metastatic cancer
Zap a tumor with radiation to trigger expression of a molecule, then attack that molecule with a drug-loaded nanoparticle.

Gene Drive Technology: Where is the future?
For this episode of BioScience Talks, we're joined by Gene Drive Committee co-chair James P.

Analysis of 1976 Ebola outbreak holds lessons relevant today
With the recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa reviving interest in the first outbreak of the deadly hemorrhagic fever 40 years ago, scientists led by Dr.

Religious service attendance associated with lower suicide risk among women
Women who attended religious services had a lower risk of suicide compared with women who never attended services, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Genetically inherited high cholesterol increases long-term risks of CHD & strok
People who inherit a genetic disorder from one of their parents that results in high cholesterol may be five times more likely to develop coronary heart disease.

Research reveals widespread herbicide use on North American wildlands
University of Montana researchers are giving the public its first look at the widespread use of herbicides on federal and tribal land in North America, and they urge land managers to better document it.

Viral protein silences immune alarm signals
Viruses must avoid a host's immune system to establish successful infections -- and scientists have discovered another tool that viruses use to frustrate host defenses.

It's not easy being green -- what colors tell us about galaxy evolution
Scientists may have answered why green galaxies are rare in our universe and why their color could reveal a troubled past.

Physical activity boosts kids' brain power and academic prowess
A consensus statement which includes a University of Exeter researcher says exercise boosts kids' and young people's brain power and academic prowess.

Irritable bowel syndrome patients often go without medical care and self-treat
A new national survey by Health Union of more than 1,000 individuals with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) reveals that the condition is difficult to diagnose and often even more difficult to treat.

New method detects telomere length for research into cancer, aging
UT Southwestern Medical Center cell biologists have identified a new method for determining the length of telomeres, the endcaps of chromosomes, which can influence cancer progression and aging.

How cancer cells spread and squeeze through tiny blood vessels (video)
The spread of cancer from a tumor's original location to other parts of the body can play a major role in whether the disease turns deadly.

Everolimus R-CHOP combination safe for treating diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
The targeted therapy everolimus may be safely combined with R-CHOP for new, untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma according to the results of a pilot study by Mayo Clinic researchers published in the Lancet Haematology.

Simple screening tool helps determine COPD risk
A simple seven-item screening tool can help clinicians identify patients at risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), even if they are not experiencing any symptoms.

Mars, Incorporated extends partnership with the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings
Mars, Incorporated today announced the extension of its partnership with the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings -- a scientific forum recognized internationally for connecting the best scientists across generations.

Testosterone therapy improves sexual interest, function in older men
Older men with low libido and low testosterone levels showed more interest in sex and engaged in more sexual activity when they underwent testosterone therapy, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Creating a sustainable 'circular economy' could be complex but rewarding
Styles are always evolving. With every new fad comes more waste and pollution as we throw out our old clothes and use copious amounts of chemicals and water to create new ones.

Partners of patients with melanoma find new cancers with skin exam training
Skin-check partners of patients with melanoma effectively performed skin self-examinations and identified new melanomas as part of an effort to increase early detection of the skin cancer that can be fatal, according to the results of a clinical trial published online by JAMA Dermatology.

UC Riverside anthropologist awarded NSF grant to excavate Maya households
An international team of researchers led by UC Riverside anthropologist Travis Stanton will begin excavating household sites in the ruins of Yaxuna, Coba and a rural community along a causeway on the Yucatán Peninsula next summer in an effort to determine how life changed for tens of thousands of people who lived along what was the longest road in the ancient Maya world.

AJR opinion piece considers managing the radiation dose while communicating the risk
Despite evidence that low doses of ionizing radiation associated with imaging are not dangerous, the medical community is frequently faced with the challenge of communicating the risk and managing the dose.

How a low-calorie diet could extend lifespan
Overeating can lead to health issues that can shorten one's life, such as obesity, diabetes and heart disease.

Crucial peatlands carbon-sink vulnerable to rising sea levels
Rising sea-levels linked to global warming could pose a significant threat to the effectiveness of the world's peatland areas as carbon sinks, a new study has shown.

Breakthrough in brain cancer research made by Newcastle experts
Scientists at Newcastle University, UK, have made a pioneering breakthrough in the understanding of how a fatal brain tumour grows -- which could lead to improved treatments for patients.

Crystal movement under Mount St. Helens may have indicated 1980 eruption was likely
A study of how crystals moved in magma under the Mount Saint Helens volcano before the 1980 eruption may have signaled that an eruption was probable.

Country pledges overshoot Paris temperature limit
Individual country pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions would need to be strengthened in order to limit future climate change to well below the 2°C limit included in the Paris climate agreement, according to a new assessment.

2016 Lupus Insight Prize presented to Dr. Ann Marshak-Rothstein
The 2016 Lupus Insight Prize was awarded to Ann Marshak-Rothstein, Ph.D., University of Massachusetts Medical School, for a project with great promise to improve the treatment of lupus-related skin disease.

Northern bird found to be more resilient to winter weather
New research reveals northern wrens are larger and more resilient to winter weather than those living in the south.

Deceptive sexual signals keep the peace in a bonobo society
Female bonobos could have become the dominant sex in their societies by deceiving males as to when they are likely to conceive, according to research published in the open-access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology.

A hair's breadth away: New tarantula species and genus honors Gabriel García Márquez
Thanks to its extraordinary defensive hairs, a Colombian tarantula proved itself as not only a new species, but also as a new genus.

Inserting stents through the wrist reduces bleeding, death rates in heart disease patients
Access through the wrist, or radial access, when inserting stents to restore blood flow in heart disease patients has fewer complications and should be the default approach over access through the groin, or femoral access, according to researchers involved in a study today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

Climate study finds human fingerprint in Northern Hemisphere greening
A multinational team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory Climate Change Science Institute has found the first positive correlation between human activity and enhanced vegetation growth.

Researchers design new camera tag for white sharks
Each winter, large white sharks leave the California coast and swim halfway to Hawaii, congregating in an area known as the 'White Shark Café.' By attaching a miniature video camera tag to a white shark's fin, researchers at the Monterey Bay Aquarium and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) hope to collect video footage that shows -- for the first time ever -- exactly what the sharks are doing out there.

Science of sake: Mutation threatening high-quality brewing yeast identified
Biologists at Hiroshima University, located in the historic sake brewing town of Saijo, have identified the genetic mutation that could ruin the brew of one particular type of yeast responsible for high-quality sake.

Changes in Antarctic sea ice production due to surrounding ice conditions.
Antarctic sea ice production spanning more than 20 years has been understood through the analysis of satellite observations using specially developed techniques.

Findings show gender, not race, a factor in college engineering dropouts
Researchers from the University of Missouri and partner institutions are exploring how ethnic and gender variables affect retention rates, goal setting and satisfaction among engineering students.

Group of rare blood cancers respond to new treatment pioneered by Stanford physician
A global trial of an oral medication called midostaurin indicates that the drug can produce partial or complete resolution of organ damage in 60 percent of patients with a group of rare blood cancers known collectively as advanced systemic mastocytosis.

Rx for better orthopaedic surgeons: Track their errors as well as their skills
In a small study to determine the best way to assess the operating skills of would-be orthopaedic surgeons, Johns Hopkins researchers found that tracking the trainees' performance on cadavers using step-by-step checklists and measures of general surgical skills works well but should be coupled with an equally rigorous system for tracking errors.

Your blood can reveal your risk for heart disease
Traditional risk factors only explain a modest proportion of cardiac incidence.

Pubic hair grooming common among some US women
Women in the United States increasingly groom their pubic hair, especially those who are younger, white and have partners who prefer it, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Allergy-causing 'bad guy' cells unexpectedly prove life-saving in C. difficile
Researchers have identified immune cells vital for protecting us from potentially deadly C. difficile.

Next generation of viral vectors, called AAV 3.0, for gene therapies and genome editing
The Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has launched a program to create new viral vectors to find quicker and better treatments for an array of diseases.

Wearable technology gets good ratings from plastic surgeons
Plastic surgeons see some clear advantages of using Google Glass in the operating room, reports a survey study in the July issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

OSIRIS-REx gears up for 3-D mapping on the fly
Scheduled for launch on Sept. 8, NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission will travel to an asteroid, study it and return a sample to Earth for analysis.

The irony of awkward
Not all withdrawn individuals are the same, but for emerging adults who do everything they can to avoid social interaction, combining that with things like violent video games or pornography can cause big problems.

Synthesized microporous 3-D graphene-like carbons
Zeolites' nanoporous systems are an ideal template for the synthesis of three-dimensional graphene architecture, but the high temperatures required for their synthesis cause the reactions to occur non-selectively.

Certain red flags indicate an increased need for intensive care among patients with asthma
In patients admitted to the hospital for asthma, illicit drug use and low socioeconomic status were linked with an increased risk of requiring admission to the intensive care unit.

NeuroVision announces $10 million series B financing led by Wildcat Capital Management w/ $5M
NeuroVision Imaging LLC has raised a Series B financing round led by a $5 million investment from Wildcat Capital Management, the family office of TPG co-founder David Bonderman.

Researchers develop key power-splitting component for terahertz waves
One of the most basic components of any communications network is a power splitter that allows a signal to be sent to multiple users and devices.

UK wildlife calendar reshuffled by climate change
Climate change is already reshuffling the UK's wildlife calendar, and it's likely this will continue into the future, according to new research published this week in the journal Nature.

Both limited and excess sleep may raise diabetes risk in men
Men who sleep either fewer or more hours than average may face a greater risk of developing diabetes, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to