Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 30, 2016
Falls in months before surgery are common in adults of all ages
Falling up to six months before an elective surgery was common and caused injuries among adults of all ages, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Pea plants demonstrate ability to 'gamble' -- a first in plants
An international team of scientists from Oxford University, UK, and Tel-Hai College, Israel, has shown that pea plants can demonstrate sensitivity to risk -- namely, that they can make adaptive choices that take into account environmental variance, an ability previously unknown outside the animal kingdom.

Hubble captures vivid auroras in Jupiter's atmosphere
Astronomers are using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope to study auroras -- stunning light shows in a planet's atmosphere -- on the poles of the largest planet in the Solar System, Jupiter.

An anti-apoE4 specific monoclonal antibody counteracts the pathological effects of apoE4 in vivo
This study examined the extent to which the pathological effects of apoE4 can be counteracted in vivo.

US needs greater preparation for next severe public health threats, panel finds
An Independent Panel formed to review the US Department of Health and Human Service's response to Ebola calls for increased coordination both within HHS and across all involved federal agencies and strengthened coordination and collaboration with state and local governments and their private-sector partners.

Electron scavenging to mimic radiation damage
High energy radiation affects biological tissues, leading to short-term reactions.

Zebrafish reveal the ups and downs of vision
Researchers from the Centre for Developmental Neurobiology at King's College London have shed light on how we perceive and recognize specific visual stimuli.

New farming strategies can help prevent soil runoff while maintaining high crop yields
Mizzou scientists found that the most effective tactic to prevent soil runoff yet maintain high crop yields is to utilize Conservation Reserve Program land strategically to create buffers between the trees and crops depending on the size of the trees.

Regorafenib shows significant survival gains in refractory liver cancer
Oral multikinase inhibitor regorafenib achieves significantly improved survival rates compared to placebo in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, according to data from the phase III RESORCE trial, presented at the ESMO 18th World Congress of Gastrointestinal Cancer in Barcelona, Spain.

Surprising number of businesses selling unapproved stem cell 'treatments' in the US
At least 351 companies across the United States are marketing unapproved stem cell procedures at 570 individual clinics.

Freddie H. Fu, MD, inducted into AOSSM Hall of Fame
Freddie H. Fu, MD will be inducted into the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Hall of Fame on Friday, July 8th, during the Society's Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, CO.

Seniors with undiagnosed hearing loss can become isolated
Senior citizens with undiagnosed or untreated hearing problems are more likely to suffer from social isolation and cognitive impairment, a UBC study has found.

What does the sperm whale say?
When a team of researchers began listening in on seven sperm whales in the waters off the Azores, they discovered that the whales' characteristic tapping sounds serve as a form of individual communication.

Baylor College of Medicine awarded more than $1 million from NIH for Zika study
The Vaccine Treatment and Evaluation Unit at Baylor College of Medicine has been awarded funding from the National Institutes of Health to lead a study of people infected with Zika virus to better understand the infection and the immune responses following infection.

Microbes, nitrogen and plant responses to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide
Plants can grow faster as atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations increase, but only if they have enough nitrogen or partner with fungi that help them get it, according to new research published this week in Science.

Researchers discover powerful defense against free radicals that cause aging, disease
Free radicals cause cell damage and death, aging and disease, and scientists have sought new ways to repel them for years.

Fetal surgery stands to advance from new glues inspired by mussels
UC Berkeley bioengineer Philip Messersmith is making better glues for medical procedures inside the body, a wet environment, applying what he and others before him have learned about underwater superglue-making techniques that have been developed and elaborated upon through eons of evolution by mussels, a brainless bivalve.

Air pollution linked to increased rates of kidney disease
While air pollution is known to cause respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, a new study indicates that it also likely causes damage to the kidneys.

The switch that could double USB memory
Scientists at Hokkaido University have developed a device that employs both magnetic and electronic signals, which could provide twice the storage capacity of conventional memory devices, such as USB flash drives.

Wireless, wearable toxic-gas detector
Tim Swager and other MIT researchers developed wearable, wireless sensors, based on carbon nanotubes, that can detect toxic gases and can be worn by soldiers to detect hazardous chemical agents.

Natural metabolite can suppress inflammation
An international research team has revealed a substance produced in humans that can suppress the pro-inflammatory activity of macrophages -- specific immune cells.

New book examines culturally responsive ways to support immigrants, refugees
The stories of immigrants and refugees reflect resilience and sacrifice.

Infant bodies were 'prized' by 19th century anatomists, study suggests
A study of the University of Cambridge anatomy collection dating from the 1700s and 1800s shows how the bodies of stillborn fetuses and babies were valued for research into human development, and preserved as important teaching aids.

Researchers develop effective strategy for disrupting bacterial biofilms
A discovery from the laboratories of Lauren Bakaletz, PhD, and Steven Goodman, PhD, in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, provides strong evidence that an innovative therapeutic approach may be effective in the resolution of bacterial biofilm diseases.

Climate change's effect on Rocky Mountain plant is driven by sex
For the valerian plant, higher elevations in the Colorado Rocky Mountains are becoming much more co-ed.

Jupiter on a bench
Earlier this year, in an experiment about five-feet long, Harvard University researchers say they observed evidence of the abrupt transition of hydrogen from liquid insulator to liquid metal.

Unsilencing silenced genes by CRISPR/Cas9
Scientists at Hokkaido University in Japan developed a new technique to unleash silenced genes and change cell fates using CRISPR/Cas9.

A quick and easy new method to detect Wolbachia bacteria in intact Aedes mosquitoes
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes transmit dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. A study published in PLOS NTDs reports a new technique that could make one approach to mosquito control -- using Wolbachia bacteria that reduce the mosquitos' ability to transmit viral pathogens -- a whole lot easier and cheaper to implement and evaluate.

Need skills? Corporate volunteering programs not always best place to acquire them
Corporate volunteering programs are widely credited by business leaders and volunteers for giving participants valuable work-related skills.

Study finds that plant growth responses to high carbon dioxide depend on symbiotic fungi
Research by an international team of environmental scientists from the United Kingdom, Belgium and United States, including Indiana University, has found that plants that associate with one type of symbiotic fungi grow bigger in response to high levels of carbon dioxide, or CO2, in the atmosphere, but plants that associate with the other major type of symbiotic fungi do not.

Researchers identify calorie-burning pathway in fat cells
Investigators at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified a natural molecular pathway that enables cells to burn off calories as heat rather than store them as fat.

Bioinformatics software is developed to predict the effect of cancer-associated mutations
Biology and computing have joined forces to create a piece of software that analyses mutations in proteins; these mutations are potential inducers of diseases, such as cancer.

MRI technique induces strong, enduring visual association
Volunteers in a brain science experiment learned associations between patterns and color such that when shown the patterns later, they were still biased to perceive the color even if it wasn't really there.

Artificial pancreas likely to be available by 2018
The artificial pancreas -- a device which monitors blood glucose in patients with type 1 diabetes and then automatically adjusts levels of insulin entering the body -- is likely to be available by 2018, conclude authors of a paper in Diabetologia.

Seaweeds get sick too when they're stressed
Normally harmless bacteria can cause bleaching disease in seaweeds when the

Gene mutation 'hotspots' linked to better breast cancer outcomes
Using a database of human tumor genomic data, researchers at the University of California San Diego, School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center discovered that mutation hotspots known as kataegis are a positive marker in breast cancer -- patients with kataegis have less invasive tumors and better prognoses.

Symposium tackles child health, behavioral change and physical activity in obesity
The 16th Plymouth Symposium on Obesity, Diabetes and the Metabolic Syndrome will take place on Thursday, July 7, at the Postgraduate Medical Centre, Derriford Hospital, UK.

Antidiabetic effects discovered in the appetite hormone CART
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have discovered that the appetite hormone CART is regulated by glucose and is found in greater quantity in people with type 2 diabetes.

Resistance to antibiotics and to immune system are interconnected in bacteria
Antibiotics and the immune system are the two forces that cope with bacterial infections.

Erasing unpleasant memories with a genetic switch
Researchers from KU Leuven (Belgium) and the Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology (Germany) have managed to erase unpleasant memories in mice using a 'genetic switch.' Their findings were published in Biological Psychiatry.

Weight-loss technologies train the brain to resist temptation
Researchers are testing whether a new smartphone app and computer game can change behaviors.

Researchers to use innovative alternative to autopsy to better understand child mortality
The Center for Vaccine Development has been awarded a grant for research to help determine why so many children under five are dying in the world's poorest countries.

Does discrimination increase drinking?
Researchers at the University of Iowa have found another negative health outcome linked to discrimination: alcohol abuse.

New technology could improve use of small-scale hydropower in developing nations
Engineers have created a new computer modeling package that people anywhere in the world could use to assess the potential of a stream for small-scale, 'run of river' hydropower, an option to produce electricity that's of special importance in the developing world.

Unexpected UT Southwestern finding links cell division, glucose, and insulin
Proteins that play key roles in the timing of cell division also moonlight in regulating blood sugar levels, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found.

Incidence of cancer in patients with large colorectal polyps lower than previously thought
For the majority of patients with large or difficult to remove colorectal polyps (growths in the colon), the incidence of cancer is actually lower than previously thought, and using more advanced endoscopic techniques that spare the colon may be a better, safer alternative to a traditional operation in certain cases, according to study results published online in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons in advance of print publication.

A bewildering form of dune on Mars
Researchers have discovered a type of dune on Mars intermediate in size between tiny ripples and wavier dunes, and unlike anything seen on Earth.

Grade-school students teach a robot to help themselves learn geometry
NYU, ASU, and Carleton U. researchers create rTAG, a tangible learning environment that utilizes teachable agent framing, together with a physical robotic agent to get students away from the traditional computer monitor, keyboard, and mouse.

For frigate birds, staying aloft for months is a breeze
Frigate birds, which can stay aloft for months at a time, capitalize on atmospheric conditions in order to spend very little energy while flying over hundreds of miles a day, a new study shows.

Survey of 15,000 women and men reveals scale of infertility
One in eight women and one in ten men have experienced infertility, yet nearly half of them have not sought medical help, according to a study of more than 15,000 women and men in Britain published in Human Reproduction, one of the world's leading reproductive medicine journals.

A new experimental system sheds light on how memory loss may occur
A new mouse model shows that spatial memory decays when the entorhinal cortex is not functioning properly.

ASHG honors Stanley Gartler with Victor A. McKusick Leadership Award
ASHG has named Stanley M. Gartler, Ph.D., of the University of Washington in Seattle, as the 2016 recipient of the annual Victor A.

How will genomics enter day-to-day medicine?
A quiet transformation has been brewing in medicine, as large-scale DNA results become increasingly available to patients and healthcare providers.

Federal grant awarded to the Jackson Laboratory for vaccine research
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has awarded a grant totaling $3.4 million over five years to Jackson Laboratory Professor and Director of Immunological Sciences Jacques Banchereau, Ph.D., to develop new clinical adjuvants -- agents that boost vaccine effectiveness -- to better protect elderly and immunosuppressed patients.

In times of great famine, microalgae digest themselves
In a recent study, scientists of the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research have determined the molecular mechanisms which microalgae apply in order to switch from rapid cell division to growth-arrest during times of acute nutrient deficiency.

Risk of blindness from spine surgery down significantly
The risk of blindness caused by spinal fusion, one of the most common surgeries performed in the US, has dropped almost three-fold since the late 1990s, according to the largest study of the topic to date.

Scientific breakthrough may limit damage caused by heart attacks
The discovery of a key control point in controlling the formation of new blood vessels in the heart could lead to new drugs that minimize the damage caused by heart attacks.

Thinking 'I can do better' really can improve performance, study finds
Telling yourself 'I can do better,' can make you do better at a given task, a study published in Frontiers in Psychology has found.

Media not the scapegoat when it comes to teen sex
Parents and society shouldn't shift the blame for young people's sexual behavior on what teens supposedly see and read in the media about intimate encounters.

Researchers study how cochlear implants affect brain circuits
Supported by a five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health, researchers at the UC Davis Center for Mind and Brain are working to understand why some children respond better to cochlear implants than others.

Women at risk of ovarian cancer need more guidance from doctors on their choices
Researchers at Cardiff University have found that online information about ovarian cancer can cause as much worry as comfort for women at high risk of developing the disease, in a new study published in ecancer.

K. Donald Shelbourne, M.D., inducted into AOSSM Hall of Fame
K. Donald Shelbourne, M.D., will be inducted into the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Hall of Fame on Friday, July 8, during the Society's Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, Colo.

Twisting and turning to target antibiotic resistance
Researchers are getting closer to understanding how some natural antibiotics work so they can develop drugs that mimic them.

More research is needed on how climate change affects infectious diseases
It is time we act proactively to minimize the effect of climate change on our health, say the researchers behind a new review published in Environment International.

Smartphone apps not so smart at helping users avoid or achieve pregnancy
You might not want to depend on your smartphone app alone to help you avoid or achieve pregnancy, say the authors of a new study.

Boost needed to keep world below 2°C or 1.5°C: Study
The latest comprehensive analysis of national plans to address climate change after 2020 shows the world will not reach its target of keeping warming to below 2C off pre-industrial levels.

Towards a cure for herpesviruses: Targeting infection with CRISPR/Cas9
Most adults carry multiple herpesviruses. Following the initial acute infection, these viruses establish life-long infections in their hosts and cause cold sores, keratitis, genital herpes, shingles, infectious mononucleosis, and other diseases.

Study finds potential treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Researchers report in the journal Cell Reports a targeted molecular therapy that dramatically reduces the initial development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in laboratory mouse models of the disease.

USC researchers use gelatin instead of the gym to grow stronger muscles
USC researcher Megan L. McCain and colleagues have devised a way to develop bigger, stronger muscle fibers.

Treating diseases at their origin
Hokkaido University scientists are getting closer to understanding the function of a protein involved in vital cellular processes.

Study finds new tool to measure homeland security risks
Researchers have validated a new risk assessment tool that can be used by the Department of Homeland Security to help evaluate decisions and priorities in natural disasters, terrorist events, and major accidents.

LOINC award honors outstanding contributors to advancement of health data interoperability
LOINC, the world's most commonly used universal code system for identifying medical test results, observations and other clinical measurements, has announced the inaugural recipients of the LOINC Award for Distinguished Contributions.

BRCA1 mutations linked to increased risk of serous, serous-like endometrial cancer
Increased risk for aggressive serous/serous-like endometrial cancer was increased in women with BRCA1 mutations, although the overall risk for uterine cancer after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) to remove the fallopian tube and ovary was not increased, according to a new study published online by JAMA Oncology.

Scientists observe first signs of healing in the Antarctic ozone layer
Scientists have found the first 'fingerprints of healing' for the Antarctic ozone hole.

New insight into the most common genetic cause of ALS and FTD
Scientists from the University of Sheffield have discovered a novel function of the C9orf72 protein which is linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) -- giving a new insight into the most common genetic cause of the degenerative diseases.

In making tough decisions, plants weigh the risks
In making tough, life-changing decisions, people often weigh the risks associated with the options before them and choose accordingly.

Fukushima and the oceans: What do we know, 5 years on?
A major international review of the state of the oceans five years after the Fukushima disaster shows that radiation levels are decreasing rapidly except in the harbor area close to the nuclear plant itself where ongoing releases remain a concern.

WSU researchers develop shape-changing 'smart' material
Washington State University researchers have developed a unique, multifunctional smart material that can change shape from heat or light and assemble and disassemble itself.

New research may help to develop effective pain killers
If you have ever chopped chilies and then accidentally touched your eyes you will be familiar with the burning sensation that this causes.

The start of 'healing' for the Antarctic ozone hole?
After persisting for decades, the hole in the ozone over the Antarctic has begun to 'heal,' exhibiting an ozone increase, a new study reports.

Telomere length is indicator of blood count recovery in treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia
The chemotherapy treatments necessary to treat Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) in children can be grueling on the body, and can cause health-related complications during therapy, as well as long down the road after remission.

Can acupuncture improve quality of life for people with traumatic brain injury-related headaches?
A study comparing the effectiveness of usual care alone to usual care plus either auricular or traditional Chinese acupuncture in treating patients with headaches due to a previous traumatic brain injury (TBI) showed a significant improvement in headache-related quality of life (QoL) with the addition of acupuncture.

Report highlights cost estimates for training residents in a Teaching Health Center
A new study reveals that the average cost to train a Teaching Health Center resident is estimated to be $157,602 per year.

Certain occupations linked to increased bladder cancer risk
A new analysis of UK workers reveals that certain occupations may increase the risk of bladder cancer.

Scientists observe first signs of healing in the Antarctic ozone layer
New research has identified clear signs that the hole in the Antarctic ozone layer is beginning to close.

Cervical cancer screening among lesbian and bisexual women and transgender men
A new study found that certain factors affect cervical cancer screening among lesbian and bisexual women and transgender men.

Researchers get $1.1M in NIH funds to study exercise affects on chronic health conditions
The National Institutes of Health has awarded grants totaling more than $1 million to two researchers in the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis to study the effects of exercise on health conditions affecting millions of Americans.

Using gravitational waves to catch runaway black holes
Black holes are the most powerful gravitational force in the universe.

Saint Louis University to conduct Zika research
With mosquito season underway, Saint Louis University vaccine researchers have received NIH funding to study the body's immune response to Zika.

Chemoradiotherapy after surgery for GC shows similar outcomes to post-operative chemotherapy
Post-operative treatment intensification with chemoradiotherapy does not achieve better outcomes when compared to post-operative chemotherapy in patients with gastric cancer who have already undergone pre-operative chemotherapy, according to phase III data presented at the ESMO 18th World Congress of Gastrointestinal Cancer in Barcelona, Spain.

Thousands on one chip: New method to study proteins
Since the completion of the human genome an important goal has been to elucidate the function of the now known proteins: a new molecular method enables the investigation of the function for thousands of proteins in parallel.

Harnessing an innate repair mechanism enhances the success of retinal transplantation
Cell replacement therapies hold promise for many age-related diseases, but efforts to bring treatments to patients have not been very successful -- in large part because the newly derived cells can't integrate efficiently into tissues affected by the ravages of aging.

Adélie penguin population in Antarctica threatened by climate change
Climate change in Antarctica, cooling in some places and warming in others, is causing a dramatic shift in the population of Adélie penguins, according to a paper published online June 29 in Scientific Reports.

New study compares transportation energy efficiency of local and conventional food
In an article published June 20 in the spring 2016 issue of the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, Chuck Grigsby, marketing specialist with the UT Center for Profitable Agriculture, and Chad Hellwinckel, research assistant professor of agricultural and resource economics, compared the transportation efficiencies of the conventional and local fruit and vegetable transportation networks in the Knoxville-area surrounding the University's flagship campus.

This week in BMJ Case Reports: Infection from pet dog, pinworms, Indian herbal remedy
This week in BMJ Case Reports: Woman admitted to intensive care after infection from pet dog, pinworms found in teenage girl's appendix, concerns over use of traditional Indian herbal remedy

Astronomers release spectacular survey of the distant universe
Astronomers at the University of Nottingham have released spectacular new infrared images of the distant universe, providing the deepest view ever obtained over a large area of sky.

Pyridine based antitumor compounds acting at the colchicine site
Tubulin inhibitors are among the most successful anti-cancer, anti-parasitic and herbicidal agents.

UW project highlights liability of internet 'intermediaries' in developing countries
If someone posts illegal content on your website, are you liable?

The RNA that snips and stitches RNA
A SISSA/CNR-IOM Democritos study carried out in collaboration with the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) gives a detailed account of the RNA splicing process, so far totally unknown.

Fruit flies adjust to sudden drops in temperature; just keep buzzing about the fruit bowl
Fruit flies may seem simple, but these common visitors to the fruit bowl can drastically alter their gene expression and metabolism to respond to temperature changes in their environment, an international team of researchers have shown.

Women with BRCA1 gene mutation at higher risk of deadly uterine cancer
Women who carry the BRCA1 gene mutation that dramatically increases their risk of breast and ovarian cancers are also at higher risk for a lethal form of uterine cancer, according to a study led by a Duke Cancer Institute researcher.

EARTH: Bringing geoscience to bear on the problem of abandoned mines
Last summer's Gold King Mine waste water spill added momentum to the national dialog on remediating abandoned mine lands.

MIT Energy Initiative joins White House's Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute
The MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI) will share faculty expertise in clean energy innovation as an academic and research collaborator in the Smart Manufacturing Leadership Coalition (SMLC), which President Barack Obama announced last week will lead the new Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute to develop smart technologies and systems for use in advanced manufacturing with $70 million in support from the US Department of Energy and $140 million in public-private investment.

All signs point to health: Arrows on grocery floors increased the proportion of produce spending
Fruit and vegetable availability is often assumed to be a purchase barrier, yet fruit and vegetable availability does not necessarily result in frequent purchases.

Scientists discover maleness gene in malaria mosquitoes
Scientists, led by Dr. Jaroslaw Krzywinski, Head of the Vector Molecular Biology group at The Pirbright Institute have isolated a gene, which determines maleness in the species of mosquito that is responsible for transmitting malaria.

Study pinpoints behavior type linked to binge drinking in young adults
While there are a number of studies on alcohol misuse, most of the research has been focused on the adult population.

New technology helps ID aggressive early breast cancer
Researchers at the University of Michigan developed a new technology that can identify aggressive forms of ductal carcinoma in situ, or stage 0 breast cancer, from non-aggressive varieties.

Gene amplification -- the fast track to infection
Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden are first to discover that bacteria can multiply disease-inducing genes which are needed to rapidly cause infection.

In hot water: Climate change is affecting North American fish
Climate change is already affecting inland fish across North America -- including some fish that are popular with anglers.

Grant to The Jackson Laboratory for Gene Expression Database
The Jackson Laboratory's Gene Expression Database (GXD), an open resource for the international biomedical research community, will receive a total of $10.5 million in support over the next five years from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development.

New therapy treats autoimmune disease without harming normal immunity
With potentially major implications for the future treatment of autoimmunity and related conditions, scientists have found a way to remove the subset of antibody-making cells that cause an autoimmune disease, without harming the rest of the immune system.

Quantum technologies to revolutionize 21st century
Is quantum technology the future of the 21st century? On the occasion of the 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting, this is the key question to be explored today in a panel discussion with the Nobel Laureates Serge Haroche, Gerardus 't Hooft, William Phillips and David Wineland.

The role played by solvents at extreme pressure
Researchers investigated the behaviour of the small molecule TMAO in water from normal conditions up to ten kilobars.

NIH-led effort uses implementation science to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission
An emerging field, known as implementation science, may help reduce the nearly 150,000 instances of mother-to-child HIV transmissions that occur annually around the world, mostly in developing countries.

Ocean circulation implicated in past abrupt climate changes
There was a period during the last ice age when temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere went on a rollercoaster ride, plummeting and then rising again every 1,500 years or so.

Early diagnosis, effective therapy vital for treatment of deadly invasive aspergillosis
New therapies are improving care, but early diagnosis remains critical in the effective treatment of invasive, a potentially deadly fungal infection, according to new guidelines released by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Engineering the immune system to correct its own flaws
Researchers have engineered T cells to target and kill a malfunctioning component of the immune system responsible for autoimmune disease, while sparing healthy immune cells that still protect the body.

Scientist's math formula offers improved yield for flour milling
Professor Grant Campbell's mathematical equations could enable plant breeders to cross-breed new wheats resulting in higher yields of nutritious flour.

The energy spectrum of particles will help make out black holes
Scientists from MIPT, the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, and the National Research University Higher School of Economics have devised a method of distinguishing black holes from compact massive objects that are externally indistinguishable from one another.

Report points to racial disparities in most forms of political participation in California
Latinos and Asian Americans are the least likely to have a say in California's politics, during election cycles and year round.

Fast fluency: Can we identify quick language learners?
Ever wonder why some people seem to learn new languages faster?

Review article compared over-the-counter nasal dilators
The narrowest area of the nose is the internal nasal valve and obstruction can cause airflow trouble.

Researchers discover first sleeper goby cavefish in Western Hemisphere
Researchers have described a new genus and species of cavefish from Mexico -- the Oaxaca Cave Sleeper.

Similarities found in bee and mammal social organization
New research shows similarities in the social organization of bees and mammals, and provides insight into the genetics of social behavior for other animals. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to