Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 06, 2016
NY State Department of Health AIDS Institute funds HIV/AIDS prevention in high-risk youth
NewYork-Presbyterian's Comprehensive Health Program and Project STAY, an initiative of the Harlem Heath Promotion Center (HHPC) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health has received two grants totaling more than $3.75 million from the New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute for their continued efforts to prevent HIV/AIDS in at-risk youth.

Accelerating research into dark energy
A quick method for making accurate, virtual universes to help understand the effects of dark matter and dark energy has been developed by UCL and CEFCA scientists.

NASA gets an eyeful of Hurricane Blas
Satellites eyeing powerful Hurricane Blas in the Eastern Pacific Ocean revealed a large eye as the powerful storm continued to move over open waters.

Chemical trail on Titan may be key to prebiotic conditions
Cornell scientists have uncovered a chemical trail that suggests prebiotic conditions may exist on Saturn's moon, Titan.

Women trust their own instincts when choosing breast cancer surgery
A research team led by Breast Health Fellow Rebecca M.

High rate of drug overdose deaths among adults recently released from incarceration: Study
One in 10 adults who died of a drug overdose in Ontario between April 2006 and March 2013 had been released from a provincial correctional facility within one year, researchers at St.

Doggy paddles help dogs to stay on the move
Canine hydrotherapy improves the mobility of Labradors suffering from elbow dysplasia.

Obese preschoolers have 60 percent higher healthcare costs than healthy weight children
Obese children aged 2-5 years old are two to three times more likely to be admitted to hospital and have 60 percent higher healthcare costs than healthy weight children, a study by the University of Sydney's School of Public Health has found.

Experts listen in on noisy Falmouth seas
A long-term plan for managing noise in shallow parts of the ocean such as Falmouth Bay is needed to protect the environment, scientists have said.

Complete clearance of hepatitis B is rare -- especially in women and people of Asian descent
Researchers at several different US sites have found that less than one-third of 1% of patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) get rid of the virus per year, and overall, only 1.2% of patients finally get rid of it.

This week from AGU: The Blob and El Niño, Jovian moon dust and 4 research spotlights
Electric fields in dust storms have been discovered lifting 10 times more dust into the air than winds alone, according to new experiments conducted in the Sahara Desert.

Transforming water fleas prepare for battle!
Water fleas can thwart their enemies by growing defensive structures such as helmets and spines.

New screening test using blood biomarkers may identify risk of colon cancer recurrence
Ludwig researchers working in collaboration with colleagues in Australia and the US have shown that fragments of tumor DNA circulating in the blood can be used to gauge the risk of colorectal cancer recurrence and the efficacy of chemotherapy following surgery.

King penguins keep an ear out for predators
Sleeping king penguins react differently to the sounds of predators than to non-predators and other sounds, when they are sleeping on the beach.

LSU professor publishes study on state Medicaid provision, federal subsidization
'Federal Subsidization and State Medicaid Provision,' a paper by LSU Economics and Policy Research Group Director Stephen Barnes, was recently accepted for publication by Review of Economic Dynamics.

Female bonobos send mixed messages to males
Sexual swellings are unreliable signals of fertility in female bonobos.

When facing crisis, American democracy has always risen to the challenge
Candidates and political pundits are quick to lament the current crisis; yet, few are able to define it or speak to how America can recover.

Mass. General team finds how obesity contributes to, blocks treatment of pancreatic cancer
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have discovered the mechanism by which obesity increases inflammation and desmoplasia -- an accumulation of connective tissue -- in the most common form of pancreatic cancer and also identify a treatment strategy that may inhibit the process.

Blurring of national security interests & global health agendas are an unavoidable reality
Society must align the overlapping priorities and often clashing interests of medical intelligence, national security agendas and the global health community, according to global health advocates writing in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Cells send out stop signs
Signaling molecules can make neuronal extensions retract at a distance.

Army researchers team with Sanofi Pasteur to co-develop a Zika virus vaccine
The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research announces a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement for the development of a Zika vaccine candidate with Sanofi Pasteur.

NASA selects Global Aerospace Corporation and Northrop Grumman for Titan Atmospheric Rover
Global Aerospace Corporation announced today that, in collaboration with Northrop Grumman, it will be developing a new exploration vehicle for Saturn's moon, Titan.

Genetic risk factors for Alzheimer's disease may be detectable even in young adults
New research shows that a genetic risk score may detect those at higher risk for Alzheimer's disease long before symptoms appear -- even possibly in healthy young adults, according to a study published in the July 6, 2016, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Small molecule keeps new adult neurons from straying, may be tied to schizophrenia
Salk study shows the microRNA miR-19 helps budding adult brain cells stay on track

Zinc lozenges help most patients recover earlier from the common cold
Zinc acetate lozenges may reduce the duration of the common cold by nearly 3 days, according to a recent analysis.

People with anger disorder have decreased connectivity between regions of the brain
People with intermittent explosive disorder (IED), or impulsive aggression, have a weakened connection between regions of the brain associated with sensory input, language processing and social interaction.

Bees' ability to forage decreases as air pollution increases
Air pollutants interact with and break down plant-emitted scent molecules, which insect pollinators use to locate needed food, according to a team of researchers led by Penn State.

Rare bactrian deer survives years of turmoil in Afghanistan
Forty years of unrest in Afghanistan left wildlife ecologists uncertain whether one of its rare sub-species of red deer, the Bactrian deer, had survived in the country.

School of Medicine expert receives 2 innovation grants in pursuit of AIDS cure
Jonathan Karn, Ph.D., an HIV/AIDS expert from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, has received two Innovation research grants out of seven allocated in the United States and Canada as part of an international effort to find a scientific basis for a cure of HIV/AIDS by 2020.

'Politics in a World of Inequality'
The 24th World Congress of Political Science, organized by the International Political Science Association (IPSA) will take place in Pozna?

Marijuana use dampens brain's response to reward over time, U-M study finds
Most people would get a little 'rush' out of the idea that they're about to win some money.

The secret to an Oesia life: Prehistoric worm built tube-like 'houses' on sea floor
The fossilised remnants of tube-like 'dwellings' which housed a primitive type of prehistoric sea worm on the ocean floor have been identified in a new study.

Research: Your kids are what you eat
A team of seven researchers led by the University of Delaware's Shannon Robson found that parent-child diet quality and calories consumed are related in significant ways.

Efforts to lower hospital admission rates may also reduce readmissions
New Haven, Conn.-- Public health programs and initiatives that aim to lower hospital admission rates may also reduce readmissions, despite the fact that the patients in communities that have adopted these programs tend to be sicker when hospitalized, says a Yale-led study.

Pelleting and extrusion increase digestible and metabolizable energy in diets for pigs
Scientists at the University of Illinois using co-products from the ethanol and human food industries are helping shed light on ways processing high-fiber animal feed ingredients can enhance pigs' utilization of the nutrients and energy they contain.

Viral hepatitis kills as many as malaria, TB or HIV/AIDS, finds study
Viral hepatitis has become one of the leading causes of death and disability across the globe -- killing at least as many people annually as TB, malaria or HIV/AIDS.

Young and well educated men in demand as sperm donors in global life market
With commercial sperm banking giving women more opportunities to become mothers, a world-first QUT study has found the age and education of sperm donors are the most important characteristics considered.

Birds get the green (and red) light
Japanese quail grow and breed best under green and red lighting.

Not blowing smoke: Research finds medical marijuana lowers prescription drug use
Medical marijuana is having a positive impact on the bottom line of Medicare's prescription drug benefit program in states that have legalized its use for medicinal purposes, according to University of Georgia researchers in a study published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

Poor physical performance may be an early sign of late-age dementia
Poor physical performance was linked with an increased risk of developing dementia in a study of individuals aged 90 and older who were followed for an average of 2.6 years.

Agroforestry helps farmers branch out
Researchers look into the practice of alley cropping, planting long-term tree crops alongside short-term cash crops, for sustainability.

The taming of the rat
If you worry about having a pet rat in case it bites you, then you can relax.

Many top selling sunscreens don't offer adequate protection
About 40 percent of top selling sunscreens on don't meet AAD guidelines, largely due to a lack of water resistance.

Lessons of lager: Yeast origin becomes a complex tale
The University of Wisconsin-Madison's Chris Todd Hittinger and colleagues conclude in the July 6, 2016 edition of the journal Public Library of Science Genetics that the story of hybridization that produced the lager yeast is far more complex and potentially richer than first imagined.

Researchers begin promising malaria vaccine trial in Burkina Faso
Malaria is one of the world's deadliest diseases: it infects hundreds of millions of people every year, and kills about half a million, most of them under 5 years of age.

Researchers and farmers collaborate to prevent E. coli
A collaborative Michigan State University study involving microbiologists, epidemiologists, animal scientists, veterinarians, graduate students, undergraduates and farmers could lead to better prevention practices to limit dangerous E. coli bacteria transmissions.

HBOT for diabetic foot: Hint of benefit for wound closure
Additional hyperbaric oxygen therapy can promote the healing of wounds.

$19.5 million grant to Brown University to bridge gaps between medical research, health care
With a new five-year federal grant, the Rhode Island Center for Clinical Translational Science will strengthen connections between scientific discovery and health around the state.

Wealthier Americans now get much more health care than middle class or poor: Harvard study
Wealthier Americans, who tend to be healthier, now consume the most care, a pattern not seen since the implementation of Medicare and Medicaid.

'Hunger' neurons in the brain are regulated by protein activated during fasting
Neurons in the brain that control hunger are regulated by AMPK, a protein activated during fasting, report researchers from Tufts University School of Medicine.

Old specimens establish a new bamboo worm genus and species
Bamboo worms (family Maldanidae), whose segmentation resembles bamboo, are found in all marine regions.

Evolution may have moved at a furious pace on a much warmer Earth
University of North Carolina scientist Richard Wolfenden and colleagues found that the rate of a certain chemical change in DNA -- a key driver of organisms' spontaneous mutation rates and thus of evolution's pace -- increases extremely rapidly with temperature.

Socioeconomic status influences the risk and stage of penile cancer
Low educational level, low disposable income, being divorced or never married, and living in a single-person household all increase the risk of advanced stage penile cancer, according to new research.

ESMO releases new consensus guidelines on the management of metastatic colorectal cancer
ESMO, the leading European professional organisation for medical oncology, has released new consensus guidelines for the management of metastatic colorectal cancer that reflect an increasingly personalized approach to treatment, as published online today in Annals of Oncology

Public urinal generates electricity from urine
Pee can be transformed into electricity with the help of bacterial metabolism, thanks to a device created by researchers at the University of the West of England, where Spanish researchers are working.

'Omics' data improves breast cancer survival prediction
Precise predictions of whether a tumor is likely to spread would help clinicians and patients choose the best course of treatment.

Special issue of Future Oncology explores the field of Oncofertility
Future Science Group published journal, Future Oncology, has released a special issue that examines the field of oncofertility, which aims to preserve fertility in cancer patients.

On the path toward molecular robots
Scientists at Hokkaido University have developed light-powered molecular motors that repetitively bend and unbend, bringing us closer to molecular robots.

For kids with asthma, hospital care is comparable for Medicaid and non-Medicaid patients
Children covered by Medicaid and equally sick children not covered by Medicaid received essentially similar asthma treatment in a given pediatric hospital, according to a new study.

What really killed the dinosaurs?
University of Florida geochemist Andrea Dutton and colleagues at the University of Michigan have utilized a new technique of analysis to reconstruct Antarctic ocean temperatures that support the idea that the combined impacts of volcanic eruptions and an asteroid impact brought about one of Earth's biggest mass extinctions 66 million years ago.

Ancient Brazilians occupied the same homes for centuries
Ancient inhabitants of the southern Brazilian highlands were no strangers to the types of home improvements we enjoy today, academics from the University of Exeter have found.

How to get moral 'free-riders' to cooperate
What motivates people to contribute to trustful moral judgment, which is a public good yet tends to be costly?

Dopamine receptor blockade seen as cause for antipsychotic drug side-effects
University of California, Irvine scientists led by Emiliana Borrelli and colleagues have discovered the key cellular mechanism that underlies the antipsychotic-induced parkinsonism -- which includes involuntary movements, tremors and other severe physical conditions.

Biodiversity data import from historical literature assessed in an EMODnet Workshop Report
Information on species occurrences through the centuries is crucial for adopting timely measures against biodiversity loss.

Penguin colonies at risk from erupting volcano
A volcano erupting on a small island in the Sub Antarctic is depositing ash over one of the world's largest penguin colonies.

Too many turtles? Scientists may have solved the mystery of Raine Island
Why do so few turtle eggs hatch on Raine Island, the largest and most important nesting site for green turtles in the world?

Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2016
Stories include: 3-D printed heat sinks show promise for higher power densities in electronics; ORNL system allows for inspections of materials on the fly; ORNL scientists advance understanding of superconductivity phenomenon; ORNL leads team that casts further doubt of calcium-52's magic status; Bamboo fiber potentially useful for 3-D-printed materials.

Your smartwatch is giving away your ATM PIN
Wearable devices can give away your passwords, according to new research.

Poor sleep health could contribute to inflammatory disease
A new meta-analysis in Biological Psychiatry reports that sleep disturbances and long sleep duration are associated with increases in markers of inflammation.

Anatomy of a decision
A new atlas of gene expression during the earliest stages of life boosts studies of development.

Science could help search for the next tennis champions
Grouping young tennis players according to their physical maturity rather than their chronological age could help us develop future tennis champions, says research by the University of Bath.

Local consumption, global consequences: Examining impacts of an interconnected world
In a new special issue, Yale's Journal of Industrial Ecology examines the virtual shrinking of distances between places -- arising because of trade, telecommunication and travel -- and the widening gap between where products are made, where they're used, and where the impacts occur.

Neural networks to obtain synthetic petroleum
The UPV/EHU's Catalytic Processes for Waste Valorisation research group is working on various lines of research relating to renewable energies, one of which corresponds to the obtaining of bio-oils or synthetic petroleum using biomass.

Understanding tourists' preferences for nature-based experiences may help with conservation
Charismatic species -- such as felines and primates or whales, sharks, and turtles -- are attractive to tourists, and the opportunity of seeing them in the wild motivates tourists to visit protected areas.

Smoking out blackgrass seeds
Blackgrass is a problem weed in UK agriculture, but a new technique may help farmers to combat its resistance to herbicides.

New study upends a theory of how Earth's mantle flows
A new study carried out on the floor of Pacific Ocean provides the most detailed view yet of how the earth's mantle flows beneath the ocean's tectonic plates.

New study calls for old methods of coastal management
A recent collaborative research effort published in Sustainability Science seeks to highlight this enclave of stability against the stark reality of Louisiana's predominantly sediment-starved, sinking deltaic systems.

Vanderbilt researchers to study breast cancer in African-American women
A cancer research consortium headed by investigators at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center and two other institutions, today received $12 million in federal funding to help determine why African-American women die at a higher rate and have more aggressive breast cancer than white women.

ESA releases position statements on managing insect resistance to pesticides and GMOs
The Entomological Society of America (ESA) recently released position statements that offer recommendations on how to avoid insect resistance to pesticides and to genetically modified crops in an effort to extend the useful lifetime of these tools.

A new look at the galaxy-shaping power of black holes
Data from a now-defunct satellite is providing new insights into the complex tug-of-war between galaxies, the hot plasma that surrounds them, and the giant black holes that lurk in their centers.

What does a healthy aging cat look like?
Just as improved diet and medical care have resulted in increased life expectancy in humans, advances in nutrition and veterinary care have increased the life span of pet cats.

Blood test to detect DNA fragments shed from colon cancers predicts disease's recurrence
Scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and University of Melbourne report they have used a genetic test that spots bits of cancer-related DNA circulating in the blood to accurately predict the likelihood of the disease's return in some -- but not all -- of a small group of patients with early-stage colon cancer.

BU researcher awarded grant to better understand breast cancer
Why do African-American women die at a higher rate and experience more aggressive breast tumors than white women?

Astronomers find evidence of water clouds in first spectrum of coldest brown dwarf
Since its detection in 2014, the brown dwarf known as WISE 0855 has fascinated astronomers.

Does chronic pain run in families?
Can an increased risk of chronic pain be transmitted from parents to children?

Harvard study: Why important innovations stall; understanding obstacles to change is key to future
A new study from Harvard University chronicles the history of opposition to innovations ranging from tractors to coffee and margarine -- and its underlying reasons.

Global obesity estimates may miss more than half a billion worldwide
Current standard methods for estimating obesity fail to take into account vast differences in body types, leading to a highly inaccurate view of global obesity levels and incorrect prioritization of high-risk areas for child undernutrition.

Linguists team up with primatologists to crack the meaning of monkey calls
It has long been known that monkeys convey information through alarm calls, but now a combined team of linguists and primatologists has laid the groundwork for a systematic 'primate linguistics.'

New microfluidic device offers means for studying electric field cancer therapy
A new MIT-designed microfluidic device with implantable electrodes slows tumor progression while leaving healthy cells intact.

Researchers report record performance for bismuth-based Zintl material
An international team led by researchers from the University of Houston has reported record thermoelectric performance from rarely studied bismuth-based Zintl phases, work that could lead to a new class of thermoelectric material.

Songbird dads vary their 'catering' duties according to circumstances
Expecting songbird dads do not always work themselves into frenzy to provide food to their partners sitting on the nest.

Idelalisib in second-line treatment for CLL: Added benefit again not proven
Since the first G-BA decision was time-limited, a new assessment was required -- under changed circumstances: Following severe complications, the therapeutic indication had been restricted.

Cheap blood test can discriminate between bacterial, viral infections, study finds
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have made an important breakthrough in their ongoing efforts to develop a diagnostic test that can tell health-care providers whether a patient has a bacterial infection and will benefit from antibiotics.

The interaction between our 2 genomes, nuclear and mitochondrial, is the key to healthy aging
Spanish scientists show that non-pathogenic mitochondrial DNA variants impact metabolism and the way that individuals age.

Radiocarbon dating suggests joint cartilage can't renew
Using radiocarbon dating as a forensic tool, researchers have found that human cartilage rarely renews in adulthood, suggesting that joint diseases may be harder to treat than previously thought.

Archaeology suggests no direct link between climate change and early human innovation
Environmental records obtained from archaeological sites suggest climate may not have been directly linked to cultural and technological innovations of Middle Stone Age humans in southern Africa, according to a study published July 6, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Patrick Roberts from the University of Oxford, UK, and colleagues.

Rapidly intensifying typhoon examined by NASA's GPM, RapidScat
NASA looked at winds and rainfall within the first typhoon of the Northwestern Pacific 2016 hurricane season called Nepartak as it continued to intensify.

Study examines trends related to osteoporotic fractures in England and Wales
In 2005, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in England and Wales provided new guidance on the use of anti-osteoporosis therapies for the prevention of additional fractures in patients who had experienced osteoporotic fractures, which was followed by market authorization of a generic form of alendronic acid.

How to have sex with a hyper-long penis -- getting to the tip of the problem
Many male insects, especially beetles, possess a penis sometimes several times longer than their entire body length, but how do they have sex with it?

Scientists use mass spectrometry to 'look inside' an ancient Greek amphora
Scientists have used mass spectrometry to analyze bitumen samples from an ancient Greek amphora found on the Taman peninsula.

One reaction, two results, zero waste
From a single ester, the same chemical process can create either an alcohol or multiple esters by slightly tweaking the reaction conditions.

It's automatic: CMU smartphone app manages your privacy preferences
A field study suggests a personalized privacy assistant app being developed at Carnegie Mellon University can simplify the chore of setting privacy permissions for your smartphone apps.

Julius Wess Award goes to Lisa Randall
The Center for Elementary Particle and Astroparticle Physics KCETA of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) will present the 2015 Julius Wess Award.

People with student loan debt oppose Obama's tuition-free college plan, study finds
A recent analysis of online conversations about President Obama's proposed plan for tuition-free community colleges, America's College Promise, indicates that a significant number of people oppose the plan because it lacks measures to help them and the millions of other borrowers currently mired in student loan debt.

Physics researchers question calcium-52's magic
After a multi-institution team's work computing the calcium-48 nucleus, researchers moved on to a larger, heavier, and more complex isotope -- calcium-52 -- and the results surprised them once again.

Drought stalls tree growth and shuts down Amazon carbon sink, researchers find
A recent drought completely shut down the Amazon Basin's carbon sink, by killing trees and slowing their growth, a ground-breaking study led by researchers at the Universities of Exeter and Leeds has found.

Indiana University Research and Technology Corp. reports 43 licensing deals in 2015-16
Marie Kerbeshian, vice president of technology commercialization at Indiana University Research and Technology Corp., announced details about the 2015-2016 fiscal year licensing agreements.

Synthesis of complex molecules displaying potential biological and catalytic activity
Nagoya Institute of Technology researchers recently used the catalytic Mannich reaction to synthesize vicinal tetrasubstituted chiral imidazolines from non-activated starting materials for the first time.

Many Malaysian children with epilepsy are vitamin D deficient
Long-term use of antiepileptic drugs is a significant risk factor for vitamin D deficiency in children with epilepsy.

Trauma research funding needed now more than ever, say experts
Funding for trauma research is needed now more than ever, and should become a priority in the wake of so many lives lost at mass casualty events -- including most recently at the Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Florida, say experts in an opinion piece published in the online journal Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open.

Some sunscreens highly rated by consumers don't adhere to AAD guidelines
While consumers give high marks to some sunscreens, many of those products do not meet American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) guidelines, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.

'Origami' is reshaping DNA's future
Ten years after Paul Rothemund knitted tiny smiley faces from strands of DNA, the field of DNA origami is coming of age.

Boosting the potency of a broccoli-related compound yields a possible treatment for mac D
Buck researchers boosted the potency of a broccoli-related compound by 10 times and identified it as a possible treatment for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of vision loss affecting more than 10 million older Americans.

University of Utah spin-off awarded grant to develop new antibiotics
Curza Global, LLC (Curza), a company based on technology developed at the University of Utah, has been awarded a Phase I Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant of $598,770 entitled 'Natural product-inspired antibacterials with unique ribosomal binding' that will provide two years of support.

New book focuses on importance of Indian forests for wildlife
India's protected areas are at a crossroads, and a new book by top Indian scientists provides a roadmap on the way forward.

Can anti-inflammatory therapies be effective against epilepsy?
In epileptic patients, seizures lead to an increased level of inflammation-related proteins called chemokines in the brain, and systemic inflammation likely helps trigger and promote the recurrence of seizures, making inflammation a promising new target for anticonvulsant therapy.

NCI launches largest-ever study of breast cancer genetics in black women
Largest study ever to investigate how genetic and biological factors contribute to breast cancer risk among black women launched.

Swordfish lubricate heads for super-speedy swim
Despite their swashbuckling reputation, swordfish are vulnerable because of a weakness in the bill where it attaches to the skull.

Sex could play a role in type 2 diabetes treatment
In health research, most preliminary studies in animals only examine effects of drug treatment in one sex, assuming that males and females will have few differences in how a drug works.

Injured muscles 'shocked' back to health
A recent study in rats suggests that acoustic shock waves could speed up a muscle's healing process.

'The Blob' overshadows El Niño
New research based on ocean models and near real-time data from autonomous gliders indicates that the 'The Blob' and El Niño together strongly depressed productivity off the West Coast, with The Blob driving most of the impact.

Postdoctoral astronomers Rachael Beaton and Eduardo Bañados receive prestigious awards
The Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP) has announced that the Carnegie Observatories' postdoctoral associate Rachael Beaton will receive the 2016 Robert J.

iDiv gets additional millions for new funding period
The German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig has successfully applied for further funding through the German Research Foundation.

IMCI strategy for children under 5 -- a systematic review
An international review team has published a Cochrane systematic review that assessed the effects of programs that use the World Health Organization's integrated management of childhood illness strategy.

Driving, dementia -- assessing safe driving in high-risk older adults
Driving is a very complex process. Today, almost half of all drivers on the roadways are over the age of 65.

A sharper focus for plasmonic lasers
Lehigh University researcher Sushil Kumar and his group have demonstrated that it is possible to induce plasmonic lasers to emit a narrow beam of light by adapting a technique called distributed feedback.

Genetic testing can help deliver precision medicine to men with advanced prostate cancer
Genetic testing in men with advanced prostate cancer could pick up a significant proportion whose disease may be caused by inherited mutations in genes involved in repairing DNA damage, a major new study reveals.

Attention problems in early childhood can have lasting impact
Children with attention problems in early childhood were 40 percent less likely to graduate from high school, says a new study from Duke University that examines how early childhood characteristics affect academic performance.

Benefits from freeze-all embryo strategy in older IVF patients
Conventional IVF protocols involve the transfer of a fresh embryo to the uterus during the same cycle in which the eggs were collected and freezing extra embryos for future use.

Changes in benign tissue next to prostate tumors may predict biomedical recurrence
Changes in benign tissues next to prostate tumors may provide an early warning for patients at higher risk for biochemical recurrence after a radical prostatectomy, a study by researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions shows.

Could the gut microbiome be a new therapeutic target for multiple sclerosis?
An increasing number of clinical studies are pointing to a link between the autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis (MS) and the composition of microbes in the human gut, sparking new research on the gut microbiome as a potential target for MS treatment and prevention.

Penn team finds mitochondrial stress induces cancer-related metabolic shifts
New findings from University of Pennsylvania researchers suggest that mitochondrial stress alone can trigger the metabolic shifts that accompany tumor growth, working through a pathway that involves p53, a protein widely known to play multiple important roles in cancer.

A new angle for countering severe bacterial infections and sepsis
Bacterial infections that don't respond to antibiotics are of rising concern, as is sepsis -- the immune system's last-ditch, failed attack on infection that ends up being lethal itself.

ACA's tobacco surcharges reduce smokers' insurance take-up, study finds
A new study by researchers at the Yale School of Public Health reveals an unexpected consequence of the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) tobacco surcharges: High surcharges resulted in lower rates of insurance enrollment among smokers in the first year of the ACA's implementation, without increasing smoking cessation.

July Health Affairs: Increased cost sharing in European health systems
One of the studies in the July issue of Health Affairs examines the growing use of patient cost sharing in Europe during and after the recent economic recession.

Understanding tsunamis with EM fields
New research shows that important focal parameters of tsunamigenic earthquakes -- particularly fault dip direction -- can be extracted from tsunami-borne electromagnetic fields.

Guideline implementation: Best practice model for Germany still lacking
How effective certain measures are cannot be reliably assessed on the basis of study data.

Blood test to detect DNA fragments shed from colon cancers accurately predicts disease recurrence
Scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and University of Melbourne report they have used a genetic test that spots bits of cancer-related DNA circulating in the blood to accurately predict the likelihood of the disease's return in some -- but not all -- of a small group of patients with early-stage colon cancer.

High prevalence of preclinical heart failure in the population
According to a recent study of Framingham Study participants, nearly 60 percent of people have prevalent preclinical heart failure (HF) stages A and B.

Computational modeling can predict onset and progression of knee osteoarthritis in overweight people
Computational modelling makes it possible to predict the onset and progression of knee osteoarthritis in overweight people, shows a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.

Study tests new breast cancer drug in African-American women
The first clinical trial to test a newly approved breast cancer drug specifically in African-American patients is now enrolling at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center and will begin soon at five other institutions in Washington, D.C., Maryland, Alabama and New Jersey.

Russian and Chinese rectors gather together
The Rectors Forum of Russian and Chinese universities has taken place at the Lomonosov Moscow State University on July 5, 2016 as a part of the XVII session of the Russian-Chinese Commission for Humanitarian Cooperation.

Researchers pinpoint neurons that tell the brain when to stop drinking
By activating particular neurons, we may be able to influence alcohol drinking behavior, according to new findings published by researchers at the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine in the journal Biological Psychiatry.

Flipping crystals improves solar-cell performance
In a step that could bring perovskite crystals closer to use in the burgeoning solar power industry, researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory, Northwestern University and Rice University have tweaked their crystal production method and developed a new type of two-dimensional layered perovskite with outstanding stability and more than triple the material's previous power conversion efficiency.

Metformin as a potential treatment for a rare pediatric disorder
Maple Syrup Urine Disease is a rare inherited disorder involving the dysfunction of an enzyme which breaks down three essential amino acids.

Chronic pain costs are high to Ontario health care system and to individual patients
Costs of patients who develop chronic post-surgical pain could range from $2.5 million to $4.1 million a year, in one Ontario hospital alone, according to a study in Pain Management.

Artificial intelligence may aid in Alzheimer's diagnosis
Machine learning is a type of artificial intelligence that allows computer programs to learn when exposed to new data without being programmed.

Metals from cigarette butts may pose potential threat to marine environment
Littered cigarette butts may be an important source of metal contaminants leaching into the marine environment and potentially entering the food chain, suggests research published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

Researchers improve performance of cathode material by controlling oxygen activity
An international team of researchers has demonstrated a new way to increase the robustness and energy storage capability of a particular class of 'lithium-rich' cathode materials -- by using a carbon dioxide-based gas mixture to create oxygen vacancies at the material's surface.

Children's purchasing behavior 'significantly impacted' by social media and mobile apps
A study funded by the European Commission examines how children in European countries are influenced by online marketing.

Testing for inherited mutations could benefit men with advanced prostate cancer
Inherited mutations in DNA-repair genes are unexpectedly common in men with metastatic prostate cancer and could help guide therapy and inform family member cancer risk.

TSRI awarded $20 million for first year of precision medicine initiative cohort program
As part of the most ambitious medical research program in the history of American medicine, The Scripps Research Institute has received an initial award of $20 million for its role in a national precision medicine initiative, the National Institutes of Health announced today. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to