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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | July 07, 2016


Females under 25 at greater risk for ACL re-tear, say researchers
Graft size, sex and age have a significant effect on the odds of an ACL re-tear post reconstruction with a hamstring graft, say researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, Colo.
Robot helps study how first land animals moved 360 million years ago
When early terrestrial animals began moving about on mud and sand 360 million years ago, the powerful tails they used as fish may have been more important than scientists previously realized.
NJIT receives $1 million grant from Keck Foundation for pioneering research in biophysics and nanotechnology
New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) has received a $1 million grant from the W.M.
Super-sniffer mice could detect land mines and decode human olfactory system
Researchers at Hunter College, part of the City University of New York, have created super-sniffer mice that have an increased ability to detect a specific odor, according to a study published July 7 in Cell Reports.
The first evidence of Neanderthal cannibalism in northern Europe is discovered
The remains of at least five individuals retrieved from a site in Goyet (Belgium) display a large proportion of cut marks caused by stone tools when the meat was cut, and the bones display fractures as a result of having been broken to extract the marrow.
Mitochondria are exploited in cancer for tumor cell motility and metastatic competence
Scientists at The Wistar Institute have identified a specific network of proteins present in mitochondria of tumor cells that is essential for maintaining a clean function of mitochondria, enabling not only the proliferation of tumor cells but also their ability to move and invade distant organs.
Various miRNAs predict the effect of anti-angiogenic agents on renal cancer
CNIO researchers have come across various potential predictive biomarkers of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) -- a type of anti-angiogenic agent widely used -- response in metastatic renal cancer.
NASA sees Tropical Depression 4E form
The Suomi NPP satellite captured an image of newly formed Tropical Depression 4E in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
Two groundbreaking studies reflect new paradigm in breast cancer research
In a new paradigm of breast cancer research, physicians are fast-tracking promising new experimental drugs for further study, while immediately dropping drugs that don't work.
Researchers improve catalyst efficiency for clean industries
Researchers have developed a way to use less platinum in chemical reactions commonly used in the clean energy, green chemicals, and automotive industries, according to a paper in Science.
New rapid gene test for mitochondrial disease
Newcastle researchers have developed a genetic test providing a rapid diagnosis of mitochondrial disorders to identify the first patients with inherited mutations in a new disease gene.
New ferromagnetic superconductors AEuFe4As4 (A = Rb, Cs)
The search for ferromagnetic superconductors, in which ferromagnetism coexists with superconductivity below their transition temperatures TFM and TSC (TFM < TSC), can trace back to before 1960s, however, a genuine FMSC that exhibits robust superconducting and ferromagnetic properties is absent to date.
Is fluoride in drinking water safe? (video)
It's in our tap water, toothpaste and even in tea.
Researcher Manel Esteller is awarded a 2016 Proof of Concept top-funding European grant
Esteller has received his PoC grant for his coordinated project EPIPHARM, focused on the development of a ncRNA DNA Methylation Kit to guide the treatment of Cancer of Unknown Primary.
New clue to how lithium works in the brain
MIT biologists have discovered a possible explanation for why lithium helps patients with bipolar disorder.
Entomological Foundation names winners of 2016 Awards
The Entomological Foundation (EF) is proud to name the winners of the 2016 EF Awards.
Building a better computer bug finder
Detecting bugs in computer programs is an expensive task, and there is no way of measuring their efficacy without knowing exactly how many go unnoticed.
NASA sees Super Typhoon Nepartak approaching Taiwan
As super typhoon Nepartak NASA satellites are gathering data on wind, temperature, rainfall, and cloud extent.
Mystery solved?
Biologists find a unique version of a filament-forming protein in human cells that insects lack.
BMC receives grant to help kids start kindergarten at healthy weight
Boston Medical Center's (BMC) Vital Village Network has received a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation aimed at developing the infrastructure to support all children entering kindergarten at a healthy weight.
Preserving forest carbon sinks top of donors' climate mitigation agenda
New research has found that developing countries with large carbon sinks and good governance tend to be the main destination for major green donors' climate mitigation funding.
Purdue research lab, startup awarded NIH grant to advance autism technology innovation
Federal funding will help advance a Purdue University autism technology that helps communication and language development for children and families affected by severe, nonverbal autism and other communicative challenges.
Biofilm formation may complicate some necrotizing soft tissue infections
A new study in JCI Insight provides evidence that formation of biofilm, a collection of bacteria that adhere to a tissue surface, can be a complicating feature of GAS necrotizing soft tissue infections.
NASA's Hubble captures the beating heart of the Crab Nebula
Peering deep into the core of the Crab Nebula, this close-up image reveals the beating heart of one of the most historic and intensively studied remnants of a supernova, an exploding star.
Why architects should let the microbes in
Architectural design is often concerned with energy efficiency or aesthetics, not microbial exposure.
Harsh parenting, food insecurity predicts obesity for young women
The adolescent years can be full of changes. A new Iowa State University study suggests that when these years include prolonged periods of food insecurity coupled with harsh parenting practices, females are prone to obesity in early adulthood.
The debut of a robotic stingray, powered by light-activated rat cells
Researchers have created a robotic mimic of a stingray that's powered and guided by light-sensitive rat heart cells.
Study identifies a developmental cause of cardiac hypertrophy
Investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have identified a developmental cause of adult-onset cardiac hypertrophy, a dangerous thickening of the heart muscle that can lead to heart failure and death.
Researchers assess heatwave risks associated with climate change
Combining climate and mortality data, researchers have estimated that 315 deaths in Greater London and 735 deaths in Central Paris can be strongly linked to the 2003 heatwave that set record-breaking temperatures across Europe.
Rapid TB test accuracy in West Africa compromised by mycobacterium diversity
A study led by the Medical Research Council Unit The Gambia and the Antwerp Institute of Tropical Medicine, Belgium, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases now suggests that in West Africa tests to identify Mtbc in culture miss a substantial fraction of cases, with dire consequences for the patients and for TB control efforts.
NTU develops energy saving filters for wastewater treatment
Scientists at Nanyang Technological University have invented a new type of nanofilter that could reduce the energy needed to treat wastewater by up to five times.
Look-back study suggests some major scoliosis surgeries can be avoided
In a look-back study of medical records, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine concluded that a major operation to fuse the spines of children with a rare form of severe, early-onset scoliosis can be eliminated in many cases.
Cancer cell lines predict drug response
A discovery that cancer cell lines can be used to predict how a tumor is likely to respond to a drug has implications for developing new, personalized treatments.
Evolution of the tail: From water to land
As early vertebrates emerged from the water, their tails may have played a crucial role in helping them move across land, a new study reports.
Areas in need get a food market on wheels
A Michigan State University researcher is using his mapping expertise to help a farmers market and other local food sources go mobile in Flint, bringing healthier options closer to those most in need.
New neurons reveal clues about an individual's autism
Salk researchers find hallmarks of early brain overgrowth in cells of people with autism.
Extra-coding RNAs regulate DNA methylation in the adult brain
A special form of RNA called extra-coding RNA, or ecRNA, controls the careful targeting to add or remove methyl groups to chromosomal DNA of the adult neuron.
Newly discovered planet has 3 suns
A team of astronomers led by the University of Arizona has discovered a planet in a unique position between three stars.
Researchers identify bacterial infection as a possible cause of bladder condition
A team led by researchers at the University of Kent has identified bacterial infection as a possible cause of Overactive Bladder Syndrome.
Like humans, lowly cockroach uses a GPS to get around, scientists find
Rats, men and cockroaches appear to have a similar GPS in their heads that allows them to navigate new surroundings, researchers at Case Western Reserve University report.
Children who watch lots of TV may have poor bone health later in life
Consistently watching high levels of television during childhood and adolescence were linked with lower peak bone mass at age 20 years in a recent study.
Swedish researchers to benefit from innovative open access agreement with Springer
Springer and the Swedish library consortium for universities and research institutes (Bibsam) have finalized a broad agreement for Springer Compact running through December 2018.
More frequent exercise therapy benefits bone strength in very low weight pre-term infants
This study investigated whether increasing the frequency of physical activity intervention to twice daily has a greater effect on bone strength compared to a once daily intervention or no intervention at all.
Unusual planet within a triple star system imaged
Astronomers have directly detected a planet in a triple star system using imaging techniques.
Are narcissists addicted to social networking?
Social networking sites such as Facebook provide the ideal environment for some types of narcissists to promote themselves and seek the admiration of others on a grand scale, according to a study published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
New Mexico African-American Affairs office honors 2 from Sandia
Two Sandia National Laboratories employees have been named recipients of 2016 Outstanding Service Awards from the New Mexico Office of African-American Affairs.
Researchers harness DNA as the engine of super-efficient nanomachine
Researchers at McMaster University have established a way to harness DNA as the engine of a microscopic 'machine' they can turn on to detect trace amounts of substances that range from viruses and bacteria to cocaine and metals.
How cooperation emerges in competing populations
Social behavior like reaching a consensus is a matter of cooperation.
A surprising planet with 3 suns
A team of astronomers have used the SPHERE instrument on ESO's Very Large Telescope to image the first planet ever found in a wide orbit inside a triple-star system.
Landmark study helps overweight lesbian and bisexual women adopt healthier habits
Lesbian and bisexual women are more likely to be obese than their heterosexual counterparts, but national weight-and-fitness interventions tailored to their needs are lacking.
The first image of a new gaseous component in a planetary nebula
Stars end their lives, mainly, in two ways: as supernovae and planetary nebulae.
Vanderbilt chosen for leadership role in NIH precision medicine initiative cohort program
Vanderbilt University Medical Center has been chosen by the National Institutes of Health to be the Data and Research Support Center for the Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Program, a landmark study of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors affecting the health of a million or more people, federal officials have announced.
Sensing trouble: A new way to detect hidden damage in bridges, roads
University of Delaware engineers Erik Thostenson and Thomas Schumacher have documented a new approach for monitoring the structural health of roads, bridges and other structures.
A new wave of antimalarial drugs in preparation
Malaria caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum remains a major public health problem worldwide.
Immune checkpoint blockade improves antitumor vaccine response in mouse glioblastoma model
In this issue of JCI Insight, Robert Prins of UCLA and colleagues tested whether they could improve the efficacy of an antitumor vaccine in a murine glioblastoma model by simultaneously administering therapeutic antibodies that turn off so-called immune checkpoint molecules, known as PD-1 and PD-L1, which attenuate immune responses.
The BMJ reports on disclosure UK
The BMJ has produced a series of info-graphics to illustrate payments received by doctors, as disclosed in the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI) database, launched last week.
Loss of a microRNA family, let-7, found key in neuroblastoma
A study led by researchers at Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, finds that a microRNA called let-7 plays a central role in curbing neuroblastoma and could focus efforts to find a targeted, nontoxic alternative to chemotherapy.
Using NASA data to automatically detect potential landslides in Nepal
A team of scientists using NASA satellite data designed an automated system to quickly identify landslides that often go undetected and unreported.
Joint forces to enhance access to biodiversity monitoring data
Combining forces, two EU projects, EuMon and EU BON, are set to compile the largest data collection on biodiversity monitoring activities in Europe to date.
Blame austerity not immigration for the inequality underlying Brexit, argues expert
The underlying reason for worsening health and declining living standards in Britain is not immigration but ever growing economic inequality and the public spending cuts that have accompanied austerity, argues an expert in The BMJ today.
NASA's airborne mission to explore the global atmosphere
A new NASA airborne campaign aims to map the contours of the atmosphere as carefully as explorers once traced the land and oceans below.
Boredom can lead to more extreme political views
Boredom may be contributing to a widening of political views among voters, according to a new study by researchers from King's College London and the University of Limerick.
Results of first study assessing clinical impact of ESMO-MCBS
Details of the first study by one of Europe's largest cancer centres, the Medical University of Vienna, assessing the clinical impact and feasibility of the ESMO Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale in a real-life context are now available on ESMO Open.
UChicago to support NIH million-person precision medicine study
The University of Chicago is one of three Illinois academic institutions that will work together to help launch President Obama's Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Program to enroll 1 million or more participants in a national research effort designed to find better ways to prevent and treat disease based on lifestyle, environment and genetics.
New study finds no evidence of weekend increase in mental health patient suicide
A new study from The University of Manchester, prompted by current government policy for a 'seven-day NHS,' has found that suicide deaths by mental health patients are actually lower at the weekends.
Acupressure reduced fatigue in breast cancer survivors
Acupressure helped reduce persistent fatigue in women who had been treated for breast cancer, a new study finds.
Breeding populations of white-naped cranes on decline in Eastern Mongolian stronghold
A new study by WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) says that breeding populations of white-naped cranes have decreased by 60 percent in Ulz River basin -- an important stronghold for the species in Eastern Mongolia.
A step towards palliative care policy in Africa
ecancer's latest Special Issue provides an update on rapidly evolving developments in palliative cancer care in Africa.
Weathering of rocks by mosses may explain climate effects during the Late Ordovician
During the Ordovician period, the concentration of CO2 in the earth's atmosphere was about eight times higher than today.
It depends on the level of stiffness: Kiel researchers investigate beetle penises
The penis of the thistle tortoise beetle is as long as the beetle itself.
Location of UCL tears in MLB pitchers can help determine if surgery is necessary
Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries in Major League Baseball pitchers are high-impact due to player time lost, making treatment decisions an even greater challenge for physicians.
Group interventions key to improving health of older lesbian, bisexual women, study finds
A new study, co-authored by SF State Professor of Health Education Michele Eliason, found that culturally tailored group interventions can strongly contribute to improving health issues for older lesbian and bisexual women - a demographic that has frequently been overlooked in the realm of health care and the promotion of healthy lifestyle choices tailored to their needs.
New clues could help scientists harness the power of photosynthesis
A discovery has been made that could enable scientists to design better ways to use light energy and to engineer crop plants that more efficiently harness the energy of the Sun.
UEA research reveals why males outnumber females in bird world
New research from the University of East Anglia reveals why males are outnumbering females in the bird world.
Influenza-neutralizing antibodies generated in human subjects given experimental vaccine
In this issue of JCI Insight, James Crowe of Vanderbilt University and colleagues describe the isolation and characterization of monoclonal antibodies with influenza A virus H3N2v-neutralizing capacity from human subjects given an H3N2v candidate vaccine.
Ten new ASTRO Fellows named in 10th anniversary of FASTRO designation
Ten distinguished members of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) have been named ASTRO Fellows, in the 10th anniversary year that the designation has been awarded.
Combination chemo-radiation therapy may help preserve larynx for patients with laryngeal cancer
In a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, James A.
High blood pressure by itself is not necessarily an emergency
Visits to emergency departments for patients with hypertension increased by 64 percent between 2002 and 2012 while hospitalizations for those visits declined by 28 percent.
New initiative improves health behaviors of lesbian, bisexual women
Lesbian and bisexual women have higher rates of obesity, smoking and stress when compared to their heterosexual counterparts, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health.
A 'big data' approach to developing cancer drugs
Scientists are starting to accumulate huge datasets on which genes mutate during cancer, allowing for a more systematic approach to 'precision medicine.' In a study publishing July 7 in Cell, researchers compared genetic mutations in patient tumors to those in cancer cell lines and then tested the cell lines' responses to therapeutic compounds.
Vision-threatening stages of diabetic retinopathy associated with higher risk of depression
In a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology, Gwyneth Rees, Ph.D., of the University of Melbourne, Australia, and colleagues examined the association between severity of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema with symptoms of depression and anxiety in adults with diabetes.
Despite advances, HIV epidemic continues among gay men across the globe
Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men continue to have disproportionately high burdens of HIV infection in countries of low, middle and high income around the world, a new study led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests.
AHA announces strategic collaboration with Amazon Web Services to advance precision cardiovascular medicine with AWS cloud
The American Heart Association today announces a new collaboration with Amazon Web Services, Inc., a leading cloud computing infrastructure, to enable and advance discoveries in cardiovascular science and medicine using cloud technology.
Powerful processes at work
This new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image reveals the beating heart of one of the most visually appealing, and most studied, supernova remnants known -- the Crab Nebula.
Electric assist bikes provide meaningful exercise, cardiovascular benefits for riders
A new University of Colorado Boulder study shows that using an electrically-powered bicycle on a regular basis can provide riders with an effective workout while improving some aspects of cardiovascular health, especially for riders who previously had been sedentary.
New technique could revolutionize surgical treatment of epilepsy
Scientists at the University of Exeter have developed a pioneering new technique that could revolutionize the surgical treatment of epilepsy.
Neuroscience researchers caution public about hidden risks of self-administered brain stimulation
Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, a Harvard Medical School teaching hospital, along with several members of the (cognitive) neuroscience research community warn about the risks involved in home use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), the application of electrical current to the brain.
HIV study confirms clinically viable vaccine paving the way for future treatments
In the study, researchers worked with a species of Old World monkeys, rhesus macaques to reproduce the trial results of RV144, the only HIV vaccine that has been tested and shown to reduce the rate of HIV acquisition in a phase III clinical trial.
Cornell and Land Trust Alliance partner to protect birds on private land
The Cornell Lab of Ornithology and the Land Trust Alliance are partnering to help protect birds on private lands.
Burning out in the ICU
A new report on burnout syndrome in critical care health care professionals gives key stakeholders guidance on mitigating the development of burnout syndrome and calls for initiating research to examine ways to prevent as well as treat burnout syndrome.
The benefits of exercise during pregnancy
Women who exercise during pregnancy are more likely to deliver vaginally than those who do not, and show no greater risk of preterm birth.
Chewed plants help detect viruses in wild mountain gorillas and monkeys
Chewed bark, leaves and fruit discarded by mountain gorillas provide a simple way to test the endangered apes for viruses without disturbing them, according to scientists from UC Davis studying mountain gorillas and golden monkeys in East-Central Africa.
Athletes may have white matter brain changes 6 months after a concussion
New research finds white matter changes in the brains of athletes six months after a concussion.
Nanodomains of reactive oxygen species control mitochondrial energy output
Using a new tool, researchers can study localized reactive oxygen species signals that control mitochondrial function in health and disease.
UIC to enroll participants in president's Precision Medicine Initiative
The University of Illinois at Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Chicago and their affiliated hospitals and clinics have been selected to enroll 150,000 Illinoisans in the national Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort Program.
Missing link in epigenetics could explain conundrum of disease inheritance
The process by which a mother's diet during pregnancy can permanently affect her offspring's attributes, such as weight, could be strongly influenced by genetic variation in an unexpected part of the genome, according to research led by Queen Mary University of London.
Researchers analyze deceptive promotions for home loans
Lenders used misleading tactics in advertising home loans during the US subprime mortgage crisis, according to a new study by a UT Dallas professor.
Experimental energy sustainable wastewater treatment plant constructed
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona researchers and technicians at the company DAM will soon put into operation an experimental plant at the Rubí-Valldoreix wastewater treatment plant, with the objective of making the wastewater treatment process generate more energy than it consumes.
Marine heatwave triggers dramatic ecosystem transition
Rapid warming off the western coast of Australia has transformed large stretches of kelp forests into tropical and subtropical marine ecosystems, a new study reports.
How the 'graying biomedical workforce' affects scientific funding in the US
As a result of the 'graying of the biomedical workforce' in the United States, many suspect that a preference for older, more experienced researchers in the competitive government grant application process is driving younger scientists away from academia.
2016 Young Investigator Award
Professor Tiago H. Falk of INRS's Energie Matériaux Telecommunications Research Centre has won the 2016 Young Investigator Award presented by Sigma Xi in recognition of his research excellence in physical sciences and engineering.
Head Start helped turn farm workers and domestics into teachers, administrators
A federal preschool program gave a head start to more than just African-American children in segregationist-dominated Mississippi, it also offered their parents and other adults a head start into higher paying occupations and new leadership opportunities, according to a Penn State historian.
Good indicator of cancer prognosis turned on its head by new research
A molecule which, for the last 20 years has been believed to be an indicator of good prognosis in tumors has been shown to have a dark side by new research from The Universities of Manchester, Athens and collaborators, recently published in Nature Cell Biology.
GW researchers create conceptual model for acute, unscheduled care
Researchers at the George Washington University created a conceptual model for episodes of acute, unscheduled care -- care that can be delivered in a variety of settings from emergency departments to doctors' offices, from urgent care centers to telemedicine.
Treating first time shoulder dislocations with surgery can benefit young athletes
Shoulder instability is most common in the young, athletic population, bringing a focus to how these injuries are best treated.
Revealing the 'taboo' of retirement for Catholic priests; declining population, burnout
You've heard of physician shortages. But, Catholic priests? They are in a similar dilemma with fewer options to retire from their diocese.
'100s of deaths in 2 cities in 2003 heatwave due to man-made climate change'
Researchers calculate that in Paris, the hottest city in Europe during the heatwave in summer 2003, 506 out of 735 summer deaths recorded in the French capital were due to a heatwave made worse by man-made climate change.
How fungi stage a deadly under-water attack on Aedes mosquito larvae
Insect pathogenic fungi can grow in liquid suspensions and on solid substrates, and their spores can attack and kill mosquitoes in aquatic or terrestrial environments.
X marks the spot: Imaging study in mice sheds light on how the brain draws a map to a destination
Scientists have uncovered a key feature of the brain's GPS that helps a mouse find what it is seeking.
A model for predicting coastal storm damage in the North Sea
A system for predicting storm damage by waves in northern areas of the North Sea has been developed by mathematicians at the University of Strathclyde.
Early antiretroviral therapy reduces gut inflammation in HIV+ individuals
In this issue of JCI Insight, a research team led by Jacob Estes of the AIDS and Cancer Virus Program at the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research reports on the impact of cART on gut inflammation in acutely infected HIV patients.
Cancer cell lines predict drug response and accelerate personalized medicine
Research published today in Cell has shown that patient-derived cancer cell lines harbor most of the same genetic changes found in patients' tumors, and could be used to learn how tumors are likely to respond to new drugs, increasing the success rate for developing new personalized cancer treatments.
Nicotine exposure during pregnancy nearly twice as high as reported
More women may be smoking and exposed to nicotine during pregnancy than previously thought, according to a new study by researchers from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in collaboration with Cradle Cincinnati.
Paper or plastic?
New study shows the way we pay may influence how much we value and feel committed to our purchase.
Ecological Policy Award recognizes Shannon Estenoz for Everglades restoration
The Ecological Society of America will present its 9th annual Regional Policy Award to Shannon Estenoz, Director of Everglades Restoration Initiatives for the US Department of Interior during the society's Annual Meeting in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
NASA peers into major Hurricane Blas
As NASA satellites gather data on the first major hurricane of the Eastern Pacific Ocean hurricane season, Blas continues to hold onto its Category 3 status on the Saffir Simpson Wind Scale.
Researchers reveal first sightings of rare whales off New Zealand coast
For the first time in New Zealand waters an extremely rare grouping of Shepherd's Beaked Whales has been spotted from a University of Otago research vessel off the coast of the city of Dunedin in the South Island.
Brain inflammation linked to depression in multiple sclerosis
Patients with multiple sclerosis have higher rates of depression than the general population, including people with other life-long disabling diseases.
Research aims to grasp complexities in plant-pollinator networks across tallgrass prairies
University of Kansas graduate student Kathy Denning has earned a grant from the National Science Foundation to support research centering on molecular genetic analysis of pollen grains recovered from bees across 10 prairie sites in Kansas.
Sub-sensory vibratory noise augments postural control in older adults
Researchers from the Harvard affiliated Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research (IFAR), have published a recent article in the Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation which gives evidence that sub-sensory vibrations delivered to the foot sole of older adults significantly augmented the physiologic complexity of postural control and led to improvement in a given mobility assessment.
Researchers want to achieve machine translation of the 24 languages of the EU
Automatic online translation of an English text into French generally produces acceptable results.
University of Illinois researchers demonstrate tunable wetting and adhesion of graphene
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated doping-induced tunable wetting and adhesion of graphene, revealing new and unique opportunities for advanced coating materials and transducers.
Colombia pioneers community-based basin report card model
World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (UMCES), along with local partners, released the Colombian Orinoco River Basin Report Card -- the first of its kind in of South America -- to track progress against global water management goals.
Frogs that can take the heat expected to fare better in a changing world
Amphibians that tolerate higher temperatures are likely to fare better in a world affected by climate change, disease and habitat loss, according to two recent studies from the University of California, Davis.
Study looks at factors which influence retention of newly licensed nurses within hospitals
The study of a nationally representative sample of new nurses working in hospitals sought to better inform unit-level retention strategies by pinpointing factors associated with job retention among newly licensed nurses.
Obscure virus found in women with unexplained infertility
A newly-published study found that the little-known member of the human herpesvirus family called HHV-6A infects the lining of the uterus in 43 percent of women with unexplained infertility but cannot be found in that of fertile women.
The importance of keeping silent...in breast cancer cells
Researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation describe a repression mechanism active in hormone-dependent breast cancer cells for the first time.
Effect of cholesterol medicine on inflammatory diseases mapped
The cholesterol medicine simvastatin, which is one of the most commonly used pharmaceuticals in the world, also has a beneficial effect on the immune defence system with regard to diseases such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Recreating ancient vertebrate's first step on dry land
Reporting in Science today, researchers from Georgia Institute of Technology, Carnegie Mellon University, Clemson University and National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis described a groundbreaking study which tested the hypothesis that coordinated tail movement played an important role in the evolution of terrestrial vertebrates.
How the bacterial protective shell is adapted to challenging environments
Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have published new findings on the adaptation of the bacterial cell wall in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

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