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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | July 08, 2016


Agreeable personalities are more likely to help strangers
Prosocial behaviors, such as willingness to help others, may be linked to specific personalities.
Weight loss from bariatric surgery appears to reverse premature aging
Weight loss from bariatric surgery appears to reverse the premature aging associated with obesity, according to research presented today at Frontiers in CardioVascular Biology 2016.1 Patients had longer telomeres and less inflammation two years later.
A mixed response
Deliberately flooding riverbeds left parched by dams has great potential to restore wetlands but may also have a significant unintended consequence: the release of greenhouse gases.
How plants sense electric fields
An international group of researchers has pinpointed the sensor plants use to sense electric fields.
A recipe for friendship: Similar food
Researchers at the University of Chicago discovered that eating similar food promotes trust between strangers.
CuRE pursues development of new dental adhesive with STTR grant
A new dental adhesive, which incorporates particles of copper iodide that curtail infections, could extend long-term bond strength when compared to typical adhesives and also reduce secondary caries.
Recreating ancient vertebrate's first step on dry land
Could a tail have allowed ancient vertebrates to make the transition from water to land?
An epigenetic mechanism is involved in the development of autoinflammatory diseases
Scientists identify an epigenetic mechanism involved in the development of autoinflammatory diseases.
MD Anderson, NASA and ILC Dover partner on Space Suit Art Project to increase childhood cancer awareness
Today, several of Space City's best-known institutions -- The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and ILC Dover -- announced a partnership that brings the benefits of arts and science to pediatric cancer patients while increasing awareness of childhood cancer.
Statins may be associated with reduced mortality in 4 common cancers
A diagnosis of high cholesterol is associated with reduced mortality and improved survival in the four most common cancers, according to research presented today at Frontiers in CardioVascular Biology 2016.
After decades of clean up attempts, world's lakes still suffer from phosphorus pollution
Leading scientists warn: Phosphorus pollution is a major concern. We need to speed up recovery treatments of lakes -- or accept poor freshwater quality.
Study finds no substantial harm from primary care melanoma screening
Experts concerned that primary care screening for melanomas could lead to widespread misdiagnoses or overtreatment can take comfort in the results of a new study that found no such problems.
Dam good! Beavers may restore imperiled streams, fish populations
Using a first-of-its-kind, watershed-scale experiment, researchers demonstrate beaver dam analogs in the Bridge Creek Watershed of north central Oregon's John Day Basin foster natural beaver activity, which benefits the area's threatened steelhead trout population.
NASA's field campaign investigates Arctic North American ecosystems
Scientists with a decade-long NASA project are in the field in Northern Alaska this summer to study the impacts of a rapidly warming climate.
American Academy of Neurology, American Brain Foundation and MDA offer new research award
The American Academy of Neurology, the American Brain Foundation and the Muscular Dystrophy Association have announced a new Clinical Research Training Fellowship in muscular dystrophy for 2017.
Hold the nectar, these butterflies feed on galls and honeydew
While most butterflies feed on nectar from flowers, researchers from the University of Connecticut believe that northern oak hairstreaks feed on non-nectar sources such as oak galls and honeydew from aphids and other insects.
The Lancet: Study maps transmission of MERS virus in South Korean hospital from one 'super-spreader' patient
Tracing the movements of patients at a South Korean hospital has helped identify how Middle East Respiratory Syndrome virus was transmitted from a single super-spreader patient in an overcrowded emergency room to a total of 82 individuals over three days including patients, visitors and health-care workers.
At the insect singles bar, cicadas provide the soundtrack
Summer days resonate with the sound of cicadas trying to make a love connection.
Scientists simulate tiny bacteria-powered 'windfarm'
A team of scientists from Oxford University has shown how the natural movement of bacteria could be harnessed to assemble and power microscopic 'windfarms' -- or other man-made micromachines such as smartphone components.
2016 Neuro Film Festival winners announced
The American Academy of Neurology is pleased to announce the winning entries to the 2016 Neuro Film Festival.
Four NYC medical centers receive new NIH precision medicine grant
Columbia University Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medicine, in collaboration with NewYork-Presbyterian and NYC Health + Hospitals/Harlem, have been awarded a grant from the NIH for up to $46.5 million over five years to enroll participants in the Cohort Program of President Barack Obama's Precision Medicine Initiative.
When red evokes mischief
A new study shows that the color red may tempt certain personality types to rebel against expectations rather than comply.
Why Clinton and Trump backers don't mix
Living around people with opposing political viewpoints affects your ability to form close relationships and accept other perspectives -- and may even change your personality, finds a national study led by a Michigan State University scholar.
Scripps Florida scientists link bipolar disorder to unexpected brain region
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown for the first time that ensembles of genes within the striatum could be deeply involved in bipolar disorder.
Exercise improves memory in breast cancer survivors
Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity is related to improved subjective memory in breast cancer survivors, who often complain about memory problems, reports a new study.
Setting the gold standard
A team of University of Florida researchers has figured out how gold can be used in crystals grown by light to create nanoparticles, a discovery that has major implications for industry and cancer treatment and could improve the function of pharmaceuticals, medical equipment and solar panels.
New record in microwave detection
Aalto University scientists have broken the world record by fourteen fold in the energy resolution of thermal photodetection.
Where did it all go wrong? Scientists identify 'cell of origin' in skin cancers
Scientists have identified for the first time the 'cell of origin' -- in other words, the first cell from which the cancer grows -- in basal cell carcinoma, the most common form of skin cancer, and followed the chain of events that lead to the growth of these invasive tumors.
Extortion extinction
Ransomware -- what hackers use to encrypt your computer files and demand money in exchange for freeing those contents -- is an exploding global problem with few solutions, but a team of University of Florida researchers says it has developed a way to stop it dead in its tracks.
Neuroscientists warn against self-administered brain stimulation
Noninvasive electrical brain stimulation offers hope as a potential new tool to ease the symptoms of certain diseases and mental illnesses.
Ecological context of mosquito-borne infectious disease
The resurgence of Zika virus has raised anxieties about the spread of infectious disease by mosquitoes as the Ecological Society of America heads to southern Florida for its 101st Annual Meeting.
Faking to finish -- women feign sexual pleasure to end 'bad' sex
Emily said: 'While some women spoke about faking orgasm in positive ways, for instance, as a pleasurable experience that heightened their own arousal, many talked about feigning pleasure in the context of unwanted and unpleasurable sexual experiences.
NSF-supported graduate researchers lead exoplanet discoveries
Graduate students supported by the National Science Foundation helped helm two separate exoplanet discoveries that could expand researchers' understanding of how planets form and orbit stars.
NASA sees Hurricane Blas closing its eye
Hurricane Blas is weakening in the Eastern Pacific Ocean and when the Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead visible imagery showed that the eye of the storm had become filled with high clouds.
Hamstring injuries in baseball may be preventable
Creating a program to prevent hamstring injuries in minor league and major league baseball players might be a possibility say researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, Colo.
Deadly bug strikes in a day
It's like something out of a horror movie -- a killer bug that goes through your nose and can kill you in 24 hours.
Return-to-play rates high for football players after shoulder instability surgery
Getting back into the game is important for any athlete after a significant injury but shoulder injuries can be tricky, especially for football players.
Dawn maps Ceres craters where ice can accumulate
Scientists with NASA's Dawn mission have identified permanently shadowed regions on the dwarf planet Ceres where ice deposits could exist now.
Web-based data tool designed to enhance drug safety
A new online open-access database has been developed by scientists to allow the clinical responses of more than 5 million patients to all FDA-approved drugs to be used to identify unexpected clinical harm, benefits and alternative treatment choices for individual patients.
Ultrashort cell-free DNA reveals health of organ transplants
When cells die, whether through apoptosis or necrosis, the DNA and other molecules found in those cells don't just disappear.
UH Case Medical Center cardiologists first to implant Abbott 'Absorb' Stent in Midwest
University Hospitals Case Medical Center is among the first in the country -- and the first in Ohio -- to offer and deploy the Abbott Absorb stent, a completely bioresorbable stent.
Moffitt researchers find new way to control genes often involved in cancer growth
Moffitt Cancer Center, a leader in molecular cancer research, and a research team led by Jia Fang, Ph.D., assistant member of the Tumor Biology Department, has discovered a new way to control the activity of SETDB1, a protein that is often upregulated in cancer.
Climate change may shrink Adélie penguin range by end of century
Climate has influenced the distribution patterns of Adélie penguins across Antarctica for millions of years.
Traffic noise increases the risk of heart attack
Your risk of heart attack increases with the amount of traffic noise to which you are exposed.
Going to 'Wars' against cancer and heart disease
Wars2 was discovered to be involved in angiogenesis -- blood vessel formation, which is important in ensuring that all parts of the body get nutrients to sustain life.
A 'time switch' in the brain improves sense of smell 
When the brain processes olfactory stimuli, it differentiates between similar smells using subtly modulated signals.
NIH awards USC and CHLA $36.6 million for clinical and translational science
A team of researchers led by Thomas Buchanan, M.D., Michele Kipke Ph.D. and Jonathan Samet, M.D., of the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California received a prestigious Clinical and Translational Science Award from the National Institutes of Health.
Economics study finds volume discounts don't increase profitability for video game
A study by University of Chicago economists finds discounts tied to buying large quantities of virtual goods have little impact on profitability and do not increase the number of customers making purchases.
Wearable neuromuscular device may help reduce ACL injuries in female soccer players
Using a wearable neuromuscular device can reduce the risk of ACL injury in female soccer athletes, according to new research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, Colo.
NIH awards $55 million to build million-person precision medicine study
The National Institutes of Health today announced $55 million in awards in fiscal year 2016 to build the foundational partnerships and infrastructure needed to launch the Cohort Program of President Obama's Precision Medicine Initiative.
Next-next generation sequencing: Personalized medicine in hereditary cancer
Five leading research institutions (IDIBELL, Hospital del Mar, Irsicaixa, VHIO and VHIR) create the 'Next-Next Generation Sequencing' Platform, together with Roche Diagnostics, to develop diagnostic applications of cancer and infectious diseases
Learning from the mussel, scientists create a biologically active titanium surface
Based on insights from mussels -- which are able to attach themselves very tightly to even metallic surfaces due to special proteins found in their byssal threads -- scientists from RIKEN have successfully attached a biologically active molecule to a titanium surface, paving the way for implants that can be more biologically beneficial.
Researchers show phone calls can forecast dengue fever outbreaks
A team of scientists has developed a system that can forecast the outbreak of dengue fever by simply analyzing the calling behavior of citizens to a public-health hotline.
Exercise training in heart failure: Shaping your proteins
More than 20 million people worldwide are estimated to have heart failure.
Physicists discover family of tetraquarks
Physicists in the College of Arts and Sciences have made science history by confirming the existence of a rare four-quark particle and discovering evidence of three other 'exotic' siblings.
Composition of artificial turf surfaces key to preventing high school football injuries
As artificial turf systems are increasingly used at all levels, new research is needed to understand how these surfaces can impact athlete safety.
Physicians applaud proposed rule to improve Medicare payments for primary care
A new proposed rule by the Centers for Medicaid and Medicaid Services will greatly strengthen the ability of primary care physicians to provide high value, coordinated and patient-centered care to their patients enrolled in Medicare, said the American College of Physicians today.
UTHealth Structural Heart Program team launches latest TAVR trial
The Structural Heart Program team at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) is among the first in the country to investigate the safety and effectiveness of Edwards Lifesciences Sapien 3 transcatheter aortic heart valve in low surgical risk patients who suffer from severe aortic valve disease.
Science saving man's best friend from deadly snake bites
Australia is home to 10 of the most venomous snakes in the world and thousands of dogs are bitten each year in Australia.
Increase in childhood and adult asthma linked to London's 1952 Great Smog
London's Great Smog of 1952 resulted in thousands of premature deaths and even more people becoming ill.
A 'big data' approach to developing cancer drugs
Scientist develop a catalog of 1,000 tumors with their genetic, epigenetic and expression alterations and drug sensitivities.
Atomic bits despite zero-point energy?
Scientists at Jülich have found out that zero-point energy plays an important role in the stability of nanomagnets.
Study explains why galaxies stop creating stars
Using a large sample of around 70,000 galaxies, a team of researchers led by University of California, Riverside astronomers may have an answer to an outstanding problem in the study of the evolution of galaxies: Why do galaxies stop creating stars?
Unfertilized cover crop may reduce nutrient losses from Tennessee fields
Using what is known as a Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), scientists with the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture have modeled what would happen if Tennessee soybean and corn farmers incorporated an unfertilized winter wheat cover crop into their annual crop rotations.
Early daylight satellite image shows depression intensify into Tropical Storm Celia
Tropical Depression 4E strengthened into a tropical storm as NOAA's GOES-West satellite captured an early daylight image of the storm.
Messaging by flow in the brain
Max Planck researchers visualize cilia-based networks in the brain, which could transport vital messenger substances.
Massive open-access database on human cultures created
D-PLACE (d-place.org) is an open-access database that brings together a dispersed body of information on the language, geography, culture and environment of more than 1,400 human societies.
NASA looks at Typhoon Nepartak over Taiwan in visible and infrared light
NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites provided a visible and infrared view of Typhoon Nepartak before and during its movement over Taiwan.

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