Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 11, 2016
How do you turn a mosquito's genes on and off?
Scientists are using machine learning to identify important sequences of DNA within the mosquito genome that regulate how the insect's cells develop and behave.

Physicists couple distant nuclear spins using a single electron
For the first time, researchers at the University of Basel in Switzerland have coupled the nuclear spins of distant atoms using just a single electron.

UTHealth researchers: Umbilical cord patch could be method for fetal spina bifida repair
A patch made from cryopreserved human umbilical cord may be a novel method for treating spina bifida in utero, according to researchers at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

Discovery of a new defense system against microbial pathogens
For the first time in the world, a group of researchers discovered a human immune receptor, which detects the invasion of pathogenic microorganisms.

Insurance mandates lead to more children diagnosed and treated for autism spectrum disorder
State mandates requiring commercial health plans to cover the cost of services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have resulted in an increased number of children being diagnosed and treated for ASD, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Research suggests common blood cancer could be prevented before it develops
Researchers from the University of Birmingham and hospitals across the West Midlands have revealed how a common symptomless condition can develop into the blood cancer myeloma.

Eight new research units, 1 new clinical research unit
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) will set up seven new Research Units and one new Clinical Research Unit.

Research letter examines cancer center advertising spending
Total spending on advertising to the public by 890 cancer centers in the United States was $173 million in 2014, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Hops extract studied to prevent breast cancer
An enriched hops extract activates a chemical pathway in cells that could help prevent breast cancer, according to new laboratory findings from the UIC/NIH Center for Botanical Dietary Supplements Research at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Spying on chemistry in real-time
Scientists at the University of Bath will soon be able to watch chemical reactions happen in real-time, helping them to develop new and better catalysts for a range of key future applications including making high-performance biodegradable plastics, producing hydrogen fuel from water and synthesizing paracetamol from waste citrus fruit.

Study yields potential blood biomarkers for Gulf War Illness
Based on a study of 85 Gulf War Veterans, Veterans Affairs researchers in Minneapolis have developed a tentative panel of blood markers they say can verify a diagnosis of Gulf War Illness with 90 percent accuracy.

Sources, occurrence rate of groundwater methane in Colorado's Denver-Julesburg Basin
The rate of groundwater contamination due to natural gas leakage from oil and gas wells has remained largely unchanged in northeastern Colorado's Denver-Julesburg Basin since 2001, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study based on public records and historical data.

Familiar history is an important factor for prostate cancer
For the first time, researchers at Umeå University and Lund University have estimated the risk of developing various types of prostate cancer for men with the disease in the family.

New Penn research shows average joint contains much less marijuana than thought
By analyzing more than 10,000 drug transactions, Greg Ridgeway of the University of Pennsylvania found the average joint contains 0.32 grams of marijuana, key data for policymaking.

European Space Sciences Committee issues recommendations for Horizon 2020 Work Programme
The European Science Foundation's European Space Sciences Committee has issued recommendations.

Researchers devise secure, efficient anonymity network
At the Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium in July, researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne will present a new anonymity scheme that provides strong security guarantees but uses bandwidth much more efficiently than its predecessors.

How tumor necrosis factor protects against infection
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a messenger substance in the immune system, plays an important role in triggering chronic inflammatory diseases.

U-M, international research team explore genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes
New research from a large international team of scientists offers a more complete picture of the genes responsible for type 2 diabetes, demonstrating that previously identified common alleles shared by many in the world are the biggest culprits--not the less common variants some scientists had hypothesized might play a large role in who gets the disease.

Measuring damage to brain networks may aid stroke treatment, predict recovery
Understanding the networks of connections between brain regions and how they are changed by a stroke is crucial to understanding how stroke patients heal, according to new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Fifth annual Eye Expo at UH offers resources to the visually impaired
A vision expo will be held Saturday, July 30 at the University of Houston, addressing advocacy for the visually impaired in the community, workplace and government.

Magnesium may modestly lower blood pressure
People receiving about 368 mg/day of magnesium for about three months had overall reductions in systolic blood pressure of 2.00 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure of 1.78 mm Hg.

Knee pain sufferers can kick ugly shoes to the curb
Unloading footwear and conventional walking shoes provide about equal relief from knee osteoarthritis.

Study shows a new role for B-complex vitamins in promoting stem cell proliferation
Folates can stimulate stem cell proliferation independently of their role as vitamins, according to a collaborative study from the University of Georgia and Tufts University, which used an in vitro culture and animal model system in their findings.

Does the gut microbiome offer new therapeutic options for brain diseases?
The surprising and potentially wide-ranging effects that the levels and diversity of bacteria living in the gut have on overall human health, inflammation, and specifically brain health are the focus of a provocative interview with Dr.

Heart failure after first heart attack may increase cancer risk
People who develop heart failure after their first heart attack have a greater risk of developing cancer when compared to first-time heart attack survivors without heart failure, according to a study today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Gene sequencing offers way to beat global spread of gonorrhea
With drug-resistant strains of sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea increasing, scientists from Brighton, Oxford University and Public Health England have found that genetic sequencing can track the spread of infection.

Multivitamin and mineral supplements for mums-to-be are needless expense
Multivitamin and mineral supplements, often promoted to pregnant women as a means of giving their child the best possible start in life, are unlikely to be needed by most mums- to-be and are an unnecessary expense, concludes a review of the available evidence, published in this month's issue of the Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin (dtb).

Teen vaping could reverse progress in the control of tobacco
A new USC study debunks the popular belief that electronic cigarettes are merely a substitute for cigarettes among teens.

Subtropical Cornwall climate could mean exotic new crops
The subtropical weather in Cornwall means new exotic crops such as quinoa and Japanese persimmon are now more likely to succeed, according to a new technique developed by University of Exeter experts to monitor the climate.

New insect imaging technique may help victims of sleeping sickness
Researchers have employed near infrared still photographs and time-lapse video to observe the pupa of the living tsetse fly.

Diabetes reversal after bypass surgery linked to changes in gut microorganisms
Studies have shown that bariatric surgery can lead to remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in rodents and humans, but this beneficial effect cannot be explained solely by weight loss.

Increased prevalence of lupus in non-Europeans has a genetic basis, study confirms
Non-Europeans have a higher frequency of the gene variants that increase the risk of lupus as compared to the European population, a new study has confirmed.

Colistin-resistant gene detected in the US for the second time
For the second time, a clinical isolate of a bacterial pathogen has been detected in the US, which carries the colistin resistance gene, mcr-1.

Predicting language deficits after stroke with connectome-based imaging
In a recent Journal of Neuroscience article, investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina and the University of South Carolina report that imaging all of the brain's connections after stroke in addition to imaging only the areas of cortical tissue damage could better predict which patients will have language deficits and how severe those deficits will be.

Surgery found to increase risk of chronic opioid use, Stanford study finds
A study of health insurance claims showed that patients undergoing 11 of the most common types of surgery were at an increased risk of becoming chronic users of opioid painkillers, say researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Changes in primate teeth linked to rise of monkeys
UC Berkeley's Leslea Hlusko searches for simple inherited dental characteristics that could lead to genes controlling tooth development, and has ucovered an easy-to-measure trait that tracks primate evolution over the last 20 million years, shedding light on the mysterious decline of apes and the rise of monkeys 8 million years ago.

Many drugs can cause or worsen heart failure, cautions new statement
For the first time, the American Heart Association has issued a statement cautioning that drugs used to treat a variety of conditions can cause or worsen heart failure.

Crop roots enact austerity measures during drought to bank water
With a growing world population and a changing climate, understanding how agriculturally important plants respond to drought is crucial.

Boy babies at greater risk of pregnancy complications
New research led by the University of Adelaide has confirmed that boy babies are much more likely to experience potentially life-threatening outcomes at birth than girls.

Berkeley Lab scientists grow atomically thin transistors and circuits
In an advance that helps pave the way for next-generation electronics and computing technologies -- and possibly paper-thin gadgets -- scientists with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed a way to chemically assemble transistors and circuits that are only a few atoms thick.

Pomegranate finally reveals its powerful anti-aging secret
Are pomegranates really the superfood that will counteract aging? Scientists from EPFL and the company Amazentis wanted to explore the issue.

Physician payment reform has led to decrease in home-based dialysis
The Medicare program's transition in 2004 to tiered fee-for-service physician reimbursement for dialysis care had the unintended consequence of reducing use of home dialysis, according to a paper co-authored by a nonresident scholar at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy and colleagues from Stanford University and Baylor College of Medicine.

Mechanism of autophagy initiation has just been revealed
Researchers revealed that Atg13 links autophagy initiation factors to each other using a string-like conformation, thereby promoting the association of diverse elements of the autophagy initiation machinery, initiating autophagosome formation through the recruitment of Atg9 vesicles and phosphorylation of various Atg factors.

Link found between traumatic brain injury and Parkinson's, but not Alzheimer's
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) with a loss of consciousness (LOC) may be associated with later development of Parkinson's disease but not Alzheimer's disease or incident dementia.

Satellite sees Hurricane Celia moving away from Mexico
Tropical Storm Celia strengthened into a hurricane over the weekend of July 9 and 10 and NOAA's GOES-West satellite provided a visible look at the storm early on July 11.

Surprise: Small elliptical galaxy actually a giant disk
Astronomers have believed since the 1960s that a galaxy dubbed UGC 1382 was a relatively boring, small elliptical galaxy.

Dab2 regulates autophagy: New insights into mechanisms of chemo-resistance and metastasis
In an article published online in Nature Cell Biology on July 11, 2016, investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina report preclinical findings suggesting that disabled 2 (Dab2) serves as a molecular switch that regulates whether a tumor cell undergoes autophagy or apoptosis.

Thumb-sucking and nail-biting children show fewer allergies in later life
Children who suck their thumbs or bite their nails may be less likely to develop allergies, according to a new study from New Zealand's University of Otago.

PET/MRI: A one-stop imaging test to detect prostate cancer?
A University of Michigan study published in the July issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine reports that the addition of molecular imaging based on F-18-choline positron emission tomography (PET) improves the identification of significant prostate cancer over multi-parametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) alone for targeted transrectal prostate biopsies.

Gulf Stream slowdown to spare Europe from worst of climate change
Europe will be spared the worst economic impacts of climate change by a slowing down of the Gulf Stream, new research predicts.

Study: Water intake overlooked in obese individuals
Study highlights an important relationship between hydration and weight.

UNIST professor selected as recipient of SGL Carbon Award
A Distinguished Professor in the School of Natural Science at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology has been honored by the American Carbon Society for his outstanding contributions to the field of carbon materials.

Veggie juice that illuminates the gut
The pigment that gives spinach and other plants their verdant color may improve doctors' ability to examine the human gastrointestinal tract.

To the breaking point: Testing ideas about the evolution of long-necked sauropod dinosaurs
Sauropod dinosaurs were the largest land-dwelling animals of all time, with highly elongated necks and tails that were held suspended above the ground.

Weathered oil in Gulf of Mexico may threaten development of fish embryos and larvae
The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill, in which nearly three million barrels of crude oil got released in 2010 into the northern Gulf of Mexico, contaminated the spawning habitats for many fishes.

Blue is an indicator of first star's supernova explosions
An international collaboration led by the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe have discovered that the color of supernovae during a specific phase could be an indicator for detecting the most distant and oldest supernovae in the Universe -- more than 13 billion years old.

Engineered human colon model could aid in cancer research
Cornell researchers have helped develop a recellularized human colon model that could be used to track the pathogenesis of colon cancer and possibly gain insight into its spread to other organs.

USC Stem Cell researchers listen for clues about how the gene Atoh1 enables hearing
In two studies published in the journal Development, researchers from the USC Stem Cell laboratory of Neil Segil examined how a key gene, called Atoh1, underpins the development and potential regeneration of the inner ear's sensory cells, which are known as hair cells.

Resilience affects whether childhood trauma results in harmful gene response
In a first-ever study to identify how trauma affects gene expression among child soldiers, a Duke researcher and colleagues found resilience to be a key factor in determining individual response at the molecular level.

Thumb-sucking and nail-biting have a positive side
Children who are thumb-suckers or nail-biters are less likely to develop allergic sensitivities, research has found.

Ancient supernovae buffeted Earth's biology with radiation dose, researcher says
Ancient supernovae likely exposed biology on our planet to a long-lasting gust of cosmic radiation, which also affected the atmosphere.

CNIO researchers describe mechanisms that trigger NASH and liver cancer
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a serious hepatic condition that precedes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and is currently untreatable.

UNC experts: Doctors shouldn't routinely recommend e-cigarettes to smokers
Researchers point out in a commentary published in the Annals of Family Medicine that existing treatments are more effective than e-cigarettes to help people quit smoking, there are professional ethics concerns about providers who recommend them and there is no strong evidence that e-cigarettes are safe.

Small rise in booze duty might cut violence-fueled emergency department visits by 6,000/year
A small rise in duty imposed on alcohol sold in retail outlets, pubs and restaurants, of just 1 percent above inflation, might cut violence-fueled emergency care department visits in England and Wales by an annual 6,000, suggests research published online in Injury Prevention.

El Nino patterns contributed to long-lived marine heatwave in North Pacific
El Niño climate patterns contributed to the 'warm blob' that began dominating the Gulf of Alaska in late 2013, and later gripped the West Coast of North America in what became the Northeast Pacific's largest marine heatwave, according to a new study published in Nature Climate Change today.

Advertising by US cancer centers soars over the past decade, new analysis shows
Cancer centers promoting their services dramatically increased their advertising spending from 2005 to 2014, with the bulk of the spending by for-profit organizations, according to the results of a newly published study.

True impact of global diabetes impact vastly underestimated
A landmark paper led by Monash University with partners in the UK and US suggests there may be more than 100 million people with diabetes globally than previously thought.

How do plants protect themselves against sunburn?
To protect themselves against UV-B, which are highly harmful, plants have developed cellular tools to detect them and build biochemical defenses.

Genetics of type 2 diabetes revealed in unprecedented detail
The largest study of its kind into type 2 diabetes has produced the most detailed picture to date of the genetics underlying the condition.

UTSA professor's study describes new strategies for investigating microbial outbreaks
In a new study published in Frontiers in Microbiology, Mark Eppinger, assistant professor in the Department of Biology at The University of Texas at San Antonio describes innovative strategies to track disease-causing pathogens like E. coli.

Warmer body temp puts the heat on the common cold
A new Yale study reveals how body temperature affects the immune system's response to the common cold virus.

Cutting nerves during breast cancer surgery is associated with chronic pain
The research team, led by Dr. Busse's postdoctoral student, Dr.

Association discovered between atrial fibrillation and reduced frontal lobe brain volumes
According to a recent Framingham Heart Study, people who experience the heart arrhythmia atrial fibrillation, may also suffer from a smaller brain, specifically reduced frontal lobe volume.

Researchers developing quick, inexpensive test to assess ER+ breast cancers
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University are teaming with industry and other academics to develop a quick and inexpensive test to predict which women with ER+ breast cancer need chemotherapy and which need only the more tolerable hormonal therapy.

Achieving a breakthrough in the formation of beam size controllable X-ray nanobeams
A research team in Japan has now succeeded in developing high precision X-ray deformable mirrors that can be configured as necessary.

Study: Gut bacteria can cause, predict and prevent rheumatoid arthritis
The bacteria in your gut do more than break down your food.

Female physicians at public medical schools paid an average of 8 percent less than males
In what is probably the largest study of salary differences between male and female medical school faculty members, researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School find that -- even after adjusting for factors likely to influence income -- women physicians earn an average of $20,000 per year less than men.

Researchers improve method to 'swell' cell structures, bringing details into view
Scientists from the University of Washington recently reported a relatively simple method swell the tiny, complex structures within cells, bringing them within range of a common microscope's resolving range.

Health issues due to sea level rise impact communities in South Florida
The Florida Institute for Health Innovation released a report today on communities from Palm Beach to Key West with the greatest risk for adverse health effects of sea level rise and mapped zones most prone to environmental sea level rise impacts, described associated public health risks and identified the region's socially, economically and medically vulnerable communities most susceptible to sea level rise health effects.

Amyloid probes gain powers in search for Alzheimer's cause
A synthetic molecule with a rhenium core glows when attached to an amyloid fibril in the process of aggregating into a plaque, and brighter still when hit with ultraviolet light.

When is big data too big? Making data-based models comprehensible
Data-driven mathematical modeling is having an enormous impact on the ability to organize and describe very large data sets, and make inferences and predictions about populations and situations based on sampling data.

Self-prescribing antibiotics is a big problem
Five percent of adults from a cohort of 400 people reported using antibiotics without a prescription during the previous 12 months.

Using 'chemical origami' to generate customisable, high-value chemicals from plants
John Innes Centre are building a 'triterpene machine' which will enable them to custom-build valuable chemical compounds called triterpenes and produce them in large, cost-effective quantities.

Study: Cancer drug restores brain dopamine, reduces toxic proteins in Parkinson's, dementia
A small phase I study provides molecular evidence that an FDA-approved drug for leukemia significantly increased brain dopamine and reduced toxic proteins linked to disease progression in patients with Parkinson's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies.

Recurrent diabetic ketoacidosis is associated with substantial mortality, particularly among young, socially disadvantaged adults
A new study published in Diabetologia shows that recurrent episodes of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) -- a potentially life-threatening condition brought on by acute high levels of blood glucose -- are associated with high mortality rates and early death, particularly in young, socially disadvantaged adults,

Scientists identify neurochemical signal likely missing in Parkinson's
Two Northwestern University neuroscientists have identified the neurochemical signal likely missing in Parkinson's disease by being the first to discover two distinctly different kinds of neurons that deliver dopamine to an important brain region responsible for both movement and learning/reward behavior.

Scientists develop novel opsin and delivery platform for blind patients
Nanoscope Scientists have developed a highly photosensitive Virus carrying Multi-Characteristics Opsin that allows stimulation of retinal cells for restoring vision in patients with AMD and genetic retinal diseases with photo-degeneration.

First-ever restoration of vision achieved in mice, Stanford researcher says
Experiments conducted under the leadership of a Stanford University School of Medicine investigator have succeeded, for the first time, in restoring multiple key aspects of vision in mammals.

Inhibiting ApoC-III reduces triglyceride levels in mice
In this month's issue of the JCI, a team led by Jeffrey Esko at the University of California San Diego determined that ApoC-III increases triglyceride levels in blood by interacting with the same pathways that control LDL cholesterol levels.

Common additive may be why you have food allergies
A Michigan State University researcher has found that a common food additive may be linked to a rise in food allergies.

Home alone: Parents more confident tweens will avoid fire, storms than guns
Parents are more confident their pre-teen child would know what to do if there were a house fire or tornado than whether the child would avoid playing with guns if home alone, a new national poll says.

Autism spectrum disorder insurance mandates associated with increased diagnoses
State mandates requiring commercial health plans to cover services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were associated with increased diagnoses but the treated prevalence of ASD was still lower than estimates of community prevalence, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Phage therapy: Fundamental action mechanisms revealed
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur and the Belgian-based Université catholique de Louvain identify for the first time the genetic and metabolic mechanisms underpinning the therapeutic action of a bacteriophage known for its therapeutic potential.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Nepartak after landfall in China
The once powerful super typhoon Nepartak made landfall in eastern China as a minimal tropical storm after land falling in Taiwan as a typhoon.

Vet School research paves the way for improved horse welfare
A vision for improving horse welfare has been set out following research carried out by the University of Bristol's School of Veterinary Sciences and funded by World Horse Welfare.

'Gift certificate' enables kidney donation when convenient and transplant when needed
A new program from Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center allows people to donate a kidney today, in exchange for a voucher for a friend or loved one, should they ever need a kidney transplant in the future.

NIST 3-D ballistics research database goes live
According to a 2009 report from the National Academy of Sciences, many forensic science disciplines lack a statistical foundation -- something that could lead to miscarriages of justice.

The true cost of crime -- in carbon footprints
Recent research by the University of Surrey's Centre for Environmental Strategy has found that despite policy makers currently examining the economic and social impacts of crime, the environmental impacts have not, to date, been included.

Monkeys in Brazil 'have used stone tools for hundreds of years at least'
New archaeological evidence suggests that Brazilian capuchins have been using stone tools to crack open cashew nuts for at least 700 years.

Supercomputers fire lasers to shoot gamma ray beam
Supercomputer simulations showed UT Austin scientists a new way to generate controlled beam of gamma rays from lasers.

Is traumatic brain injury associated with late-life neurodegenerative conditions?
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) with loss of consciousness was not associated with late-life mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer disease or dementia but it appeared to be associated with increased risk for other neurodegenerative and neuropathologic findings, according to a new article published online by JAMA Neurology.

Reconfiguring active particles into dynamic patterns
Applying an electrostatic imbalance to Janus colloids causes them to self propel into swarms, clusters, and connected chains.

A giant quake may lurk under Bangladesh and beyond
A huge earthquake may be building beneath Bangladesh, the most densely populated nation on earth.

Genetics of type 2 diabetes revealed in unprecedented detail
The findings, published today in the journal Nature by an international team of more than 300 scientists led by the University of Oxford, the Broad Institute, and the University of Michigan, reveal the complexity of the disease in more detail than previously appreciated, but also identify several promising targets for new treatments.

July/August 2016 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features synopses of original research and commentary published in the July/August 2016 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

US water initiatives will provide new insights on hydrology forecasts
A new article looks at how two recent developments, the Open Water Data Initiative, and the new National Water Center, have created a platform for the open sharing of water data in the United States.

Discovery of insulin-producing beta cell subtypes may impact diabetes treatment
Researchers at OHSU have determined the existence of at least four separate subtypes of human insulin producing beta cells that may be important in the understanding and treatment of diabetes.

NASA camera catches moon 'photobombing' Earth
For only the second time in a year, a NASA camera aboard the DSCOVR satellite captured a view of the moon as it moved in front of the sunlit side of Earth.

International collaboration to create new cancer models to accelerate research
An international project to develop a large, globally accessible bank of new cancer cell culture models for the research community launched today.

Milestone study on pomegranate anti-aging mechanism reported by Amazentis SA and EPFL
Amazentis SA, an innovative life sciences company applying scientific breakthroughs in nutrition to manage health conditions linked to aging, announced today a collaborative publication in Nature Medicine with the Ecole Polytechnique Federale Lausanne, demonstrating that the Company's lead product candidate, urolithin A, improves mitochondrial and muscle function, resulting in enhanced muscle strength and endurance during aging.

Penn study links recession recovery, increase in commercial truck fatalities
New findings by grad student Monica He of the University of Pennsylvania reveal unexpected health consequences of economic recovery on fatalities involving large, commercial vehicles.

Satellite movie shows Tropical Cyclone Blas fading
An animation of visible and infrared imagery from NOAA's GOES-West satellite from July 9-11 shows Tropical Storm Blas weakening to a remnant followed by a strengthening Tropical Cyclone Celia.

Northeastern receives $9 million grant to fast track the discovery of new antibiotics
A team led by University Distinguished Professor of Biology Kim Lewis received a five-year, $9 million grant from the National Institute of Health's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to launch a novel platform for developing antibiotics that kill pathogens without encountering resistance.

Scientists find evidence for climate change in satellite cloud record
Scientists have found that changes in cloud patterns during the last three decades match those predicted by climate model simulations.

University of Waterloo awarded $8.8 million CDN to study impact of e-cigarette policies
Researchers at the University of Waterloo have been awarded a grant of $8.8 CDN million from the US National Cancer Institute to evaluate the public-health impact of government policies to regulate tobacco products, including e-cigarettes and other vaporized nicotine products.

FAU researchers take new approach to determining risk of cancer reoccurring
What is the likelihood of a patient developing cancer again after having a tumor removed?

New milestone in printed photovoltaic technology
A team of researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität have achieved an important milestone in the quest to develop efficient solar technology as an alternative to fossil fuels.

New discovery on how the inner ear works
Researchers have found that the parts of the inner ear that process sounds such as speech and music seem to work differently than other parts of the inner ear.

Study sheds light on true risk for pancreatic cancer in patients with cysts
A look back at more than half a million patient records has established that patients with pancreatic cysts have a significantly higher overall risk of pancreatic cancer compared to those without such cysts, according to a study in the July issue of GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE).

Alzheimer's detected before symptoms via new eye technology
Scientists may have overcome a major roadblock in the development of Alzheimer's therapies by creating a new technology to observe in the back of the eye progression of the disease before the onset of symptoms.

FAU researchers show how gels develop their solid properties
Gels are found in wide range of products that we use on a day-to-day basis.

DFG Senate Commission submits 52nd list of maximum workplace concentrations limits
In 2016, the Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area of the German Research Foundation (DFG) presented the 52nd issue of the List of Maximum Workplace Concentrations and Biological Exposure Limits.

Bird research suggests calling dinosaurs may have been tight-lipped
Dinosaurs are often depicted in movies as roaring ferociously, but it is likely that some dinosaurs mumbled or cooed with closed mouths, according to a study published online in the journal Evolution that will be in the August print edition.

WHO re-designates Center for Global Health's maternal/child health program
The maternal and child health program within the Colorado School of Public Health's Center for Global Health announced today that it has been re-designated by the World Health Organization as a WHO Collaborating Center for Promoting Family and Child Health.

Strategies to mimic fasting during chemotherapy enhance anticancer T cell activity in mice
Fasting is known to increase positive outcomes during cancer treatment, and now two independent studies in mice show that fasting, either through diet or drugs, during chemotherapy helps increase the presence of cancer-killing T cells.

Is the agile wallaby man's new best friend?
Looking for a new pet? If so, consider the agile wallaby or the Asian palm civet.

Clouds are moving higher, subtropical dry zones expanding, according to satellite analysis
Changes in global cloud distribution, predicted by climate models, can now be seen in reprocessed satellite observations of clouds, and suggests that rising greenhouse gas concentrations are partly responsible for the changes.

Nanotech 'tattoo' can map emotions and monitor muscle activity
A new temporary 'electronic tattoo' developed by Tel Aviv University that can measure the activity of muscle and nerve cells researchers is poised to revolutionize medicine, rehabilitation, and even business and marketing research.

Revolutionary surgery for lung cancer
The University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre is launching a major international clinical trial to test a minimally invasive and safer surgical approach for patients with lung cancer: video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy with ultrasonic pulmonary artery sealing.

Poll: More than 4 in 10 working adults think their work impacts their health
A new NPR/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health poll finds that more than four in 10 working adults (44 percent) say their current job has an impact on their overall health, and one in four (28 percent) say that impact is positive.

Flying insects defy aerodynamic laws of airplanes, NYU researchers find
The maneuvers of flying insects are unmatched by even the best pilots, and this might be due to the fact that these critters don't obey the same aerodynamic laws as airplanes, a team of New York University researchers has found.

DFG Research Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research to receive funding for another 4 years
Following a successful first funding period, the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), set up as a DFG Research Centre in 2012, is to receive funding for another four years.

Farnborough Airshow launch for next-generation aviation technology projects
The University of Nottingham has secured £9.5 million of funding to develop breakthrough aerospace technologies for leading European manufacturers designing the next-generation of aircraft.

Some surgical procedures associated with risk for chronic opioid use
Common surgical procedures were associated with increased risk for chronic opioid use in the first year after surgery by opioid-naïve patients -- those who had not filled a prescription for the pain relievers in the year prior to surgery -- and some patients were particularly vulnerable, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Researchers develop faster, precise silica coating process for quantum dot nanorods
Materials researchers have fine-tuned a technique that enables them to apply precisely controlled silica coatings to quantum dot nanorods in a day -- up to 21 times faster than previous methods.

Germs add ripples to make 'groovy' graphene
Graphene, a two-dimensional wonder-material composed of a single layer of carbon atoms linked in a hexagonal chicken-wire pattern, has attracted intense interest for its phenomenal ability to conduct electricity.

More assassins on the radar: As many as 24 new species of assassin bugs described
As many as 24 assassin bugs new to science were discovered by Dr.

Wendelstein 7-X: Upgrading after successful first round of experiments
After about 2,200 plasma pulses since operation began in December 2015 the first experimental campaign on the Wendelstein 7-X research device at Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Greifswald was successfully concluded in March.

Younger age, lymph node removal: Risk factors for pain after breast cancer surgery
An international team of researchers has identified several risk factors for persistent pain after breast cancer surgery; these include younger age, radiation therapy and removal of lymph nodes under the arm (axillary lymph node dissection), in a new study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Research will help GPs diagnose urinary tract infections in children
Urinary tract infections in young children can lead to kidney damage, but are notoriously difficult to diagnose in primary care because symptoms can often be vague and unclear.

New findings concerning hereditary prostate cancer
For the first time ever, researchers have differentiated the risks of developing indolent or aggressive prostate cancer in men with a family history of the disease.

DFG approves participation in 'Excellence Strategy'
A unanimous vote in the General Assembly at end of annual meeting in Mainz resulted in over 30,000 projects funded with €2.84 billion.

Cancer risk may rise before and immediately after a diabetes diagnosis
A new study indicates that individuals with diabetes may have an elevated risk of developing cancer before and immediately after a diabetes diagnosis.

Researchers find association between donor age, female sex and transfusion outcomes
A large Canadian study has shown a link between blood donor characteristics and transfusion recipients' outcomes.

Novel peptide protects cognitive function after mild traumatic brain injury
Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have shown that a single dose of a new molecule can protect the brain from inflammation and cognitive impairments following mild traumatic brain injury.

How Tom Brady won fans by dodging 'Deflategate' questions
Sometimes, saying 'I don't know' may be the best way for sports stars and other celebrities to gain favor with the public when faced with tough questions.

Use it or lose it: Visual activity regenerates neural connections between eye and brain
A study in mice funded by the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of NIH, shows for the first time that visual stimulation can help damaged retinal neurons regrow optic nerve fibers (retinal ganglion cell axons).

Home-based intervention aims to curb childhood tooth decay and obesity in the Bronx
More than one-third of Bronx residents are born outside of the United States.

Spreadsheet-style tool could democratize database design
New software from researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory could make databases much easier for laypeople to work with.

Preventive procedure for ovarian cancer adopted without adverse surgical outcomes
A surgical procedure recommended to reduce the future risk of ovarian cancer has been successfully implemented throughout Kaiser Permanente in Northern California without a change in surgical outcomes, according to research published today in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Moffitt Cancer Center launches nationwide e-cigarette study
The use of electronic cigarettes ('e-cigarettes') has increased dramatically in recent years.

If life can make it here, it can make it anywhere
If the origin of life is common on other worlds, the universe should be a cosmic zoo full of complex multicellular organisms.

Climate tipping points: What do they mean for society?
The phrase 'tipping point' passed its own tipping point and caught fire after author Malcolm Gladwell's so-named 2000 book.

Physicists collide ultracold atoms to observe key quantum principle
Physicists from New Zealand's University of Otago have used steerable 'optical tweezers' to split minute clouds of ultracold atoms and slowly smash them together to directly observe a key theoretical principle of quantum mechanics.

Study explains how a protein deficiency causes spinal muscular atrophy
Research that reveals what goes wrong in SMA and suggests that a mild version of the same genetic defect may protect relatives against infection, which could explain why SMA is a relatively common disease.

When kids learn to conserve energy, their behavior also spreads to parents
Girl Scouts and their parents reported increases in energy-saving behaviors, such as turning off power strips at night and washing clothes in cold water, after the children participated in an intervention program, according to a study published today in the journal Nature Energy.

Open chromatin profiling key to identifying leukemia cells of origin
Researchers have found a precise and reliable way -- whole-genome profiling of open chromatin -- to identify the kind of cell that leads to a given case of leukemia, a valuable key to cancer prognosis and outcome.

Academic female physicians paid less than male counterparts
Female academic physicians at public medical schools had lower average salaries than their male counterparts, a disparity that was only partly accounted for by age, experience, medical specialty, faculty rank and other factors, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to