Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 12, 2016
Mantis shrimp roll their eyes to improve their vision
Imagine rolling your eyes to help you see more clearly.

Strathclyde student wins national graduate prize
An Engineering graduate from the University of Strathclyde is celebrating a double success after gaining her degree -- and winning a UK-wide prize for her achievements as a student.

Discovery could lead to treatment to better regulate insulin
A recent discovery made by an Iowa State University professor and a team of researchers holds promise for those who are obese or diabetic and do not benefit from medications to regulate their glucose and insulin levels.

Red hair gene variation drives up skin cancer mutations
For the first time, researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and University of Leeds have proved that gene variants associated with red hair, pale skin and freckles are linked to a higher number of genetic mutations in skin cancers.

Breakthrough in powering wireless sensors
Researchers at the Australian National University are a step closer to harvesting renewable or ambient energy from mobile phone base stations to power battery-operated wireless sensors used in industries including health and agriculture.

New eye test could detect glaucoma years earlier
UNSW Australia scientists have developed a testing protocol that identifies the blinding eye disease glaucoma four years earlier than current techniques.

Maturitas publishes new model of care for healthy menopause and aging
A new position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society published in the journal Maturitas provides a holistic model of care for healthy menopause.

Researchers develop novel microscope to study the underwater world
A new microscopic imaging system is revealing a never-before-seen view of the underwater world.

Clusters of small satellites could help estimate Earth's reflected energy
A team of small, shoebox-sized satellites, flying in formation around the Earth, could estimate the planet's reflected energy with twice the accuracy of traditional monolith satellites, according to an MIT-led study published online in Acta Astronautica.

Taking a carrot and stick approach to workplace safety
Dr. Jason Edwards, from QUT's Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety -- Queensland has been awarded a three-year Advance Queensland Early-Career Research Fellowship to develop life-saving strategies in workplace health and safety regulation.

Wayne State awarded $1.9M NIH grant to identify memory networks in children
Noa Ofen, Ph.D., a Wayne State University researcher in lifespan cognitive neuroscience, received a five-year, $1.9 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health of the National Institutes of Health to study the development of memory networks in children.

Gas causing ground to rise near Bay of Naples volcano
New work by Italian geochemists seems to indicate that the current ground movement around one of the world's most dangerous volcano systems may be due to gas pressure, and not because of a surge of volcanic magma.

NASA instrument to use X-rays to map an asteroid
NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft will launch September 2016 and travel to the near-Earth asteroid Bennu to harvest a sample of surface material and return it to Earth for study.

Knuckleball machine delivers soccer science
The zigzag trajectory of knuckleballs through the air has bamboozled goalkeepers and batsmen the world over.

NASA IMERG finds Typhoon Nepartak dropped almost 20 inches of rain
Nepartak was a powerful category four tropical typhoon when it hit Taiwan last week but weakened to a tropical storm as it moved into the Taiwan Strait.

LobeFinder technology quantifies changes in shape-shifting plant cells
Purdue University researchers have developed an algorithm that quantifies and analyzes shape changes in puzzle piece-shaped plant cells, providing insights into the small-scale processes that control leaf size and crop yield.

Ocean warming and acidification impact on calcareous phytoplankton
Researchers from the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, the University of Cambridge and the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom warn of the negative impacts of rapid ocean warming and ocean acidification on coccolithophores, and consequently in the regulatory processes of atmospheric and ocean concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2).

Restoring Europe's river connectivity
The University of Southampton is part of a €6.2 million project to produce the first comprehensive map of river barriers across Europe and help to reconnect its rivers.

Sociologists to explore social movements at annual meeting in Seattle, Aug. 20-23
More than 4,500 sociologists will convene in Seattle this August to explore ideas and scientific research relating to social movements and many other topics, as part of the American Sociological Association's 111th Annual Meeting.

Western-style diet linked to state-dependent memory inhibition
Obesity may ultimately be a disease of the brain, involving a progressive deterioration of various cognitive processes that influence eating.

Freestanding emergency departments expanding rapidly but access questions remain
Freestanding Emergency Departments are a rapidly increasing source of emergency care in the United States.

New diabetes screening recommendation misses more than half of high-risk patients
Fifty-five percent of high-risk patients were missed by diabetes screening guidelines, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.

Abusive head injury: An epidemiological perspective
Researchers examined the case files of all patients younger than 5 years of age who had been admitted to Le Bonheur Children's Hospital between 2009 and 2014 for abusive head injury.

Orchid or demon: Flower of a new species of orchid looks like a devil's head
A lone and unique population of about 30 reddish to dark violet-maroon orchids grows on the small patch of land between the borders of two Colombian departments.

Surprising neutrino decoherence inside supernovae
Neutrinos produced in the core of a supernova are highly localized compared to neutrinos from all other known sources.

The telltale heart of chordate evolution: Study shows model organism making do with less
A new study proves once more that evolution does not always imply more complexity or more genes in living beings.

ecancer Oncology Congress -- Colombia
The ecancer Oncology Congress in Colombia will focus on the latest advances and techniques in oncology, including different modules in breast cancer, hematology, palliative care, cervical cancer, head and neck cancer and lung cancer.

Mathematical models explain east-west asymmetry of jet lag recovery
Travelers frequently report experiencing a significantly slower jet lag recovery after an eastward vs. westward flight.

NIFA announces $8.4 million in funding to address climate change impact on US agriculture
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced the availability of $8.4 million in available funding to study and develop new approaches for the agriculture sector to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change.

Who will play with WHO?
Dr. Skip Burkle, eminent Harvard scholar and humanitarian, discusses future options available for health-related non-governmental organizations and the required educational and training requirements for healthcare provider accreditation on a global level.

Shedding the fat: ONR explores ways to trim software bloat, improve security
The Office of Naval Research is sponsoring research to reduce software bloat, a condition where updated software runs slower because of repetitive code, requiring more memory -- and becoming more vulnerable to cyber attacks.

Genetics play role in character traits related to academic success, study says
Character traits, such as grit or desire to learn, have a heavy hand in academic success and are partially rooted in genetics, according to a psychology study at The University of Texas at Austin.

Local measures to save our water as the climate becomes warmer
Global environmental changes caused by a warmer climate can be combatted on a local level.

Machine learning puts new lens on autism screening and diagnostics
Researchers from the USC Signal Analysis and Interpretation Laboratory at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering Ming Hsieh's Department of Electrical Engineering, along with autism research leaders Catherine Lord (of Weill Cornell Medical College) and Somer Bishop (of University of California, San Francisco), are now exploring whether machine learning might play an important role in helping screen for autism and guide caregiver and practitioner intervention.

Water sampling technique paves way for safe storage of CO2
Scientists have devised a way to test carbon capture and storage, by sampling water at storage sites for an altered form of oxygen.

Grant aims to expand inland Southern California's primary care workforce
The School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside has received a $2.3 million grant from the Health Resources and Services Administration to help transform the local healthcare system.

US holds potential to produce billion tons of biomass, support bioeconomy
The 2016 Billion-Ton Report, jointly released by the US Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, concludes that the United States has the potential to sustainably produce at least 1 billion dry tons of nonfood biomass resources annually by 2040.

Reactive oxygen species -- fueling or putting the brakes on inflammation?
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important signalling molecules in an organism's regulation of metabolism and inflammation.

Weathered oil from DW Horizon spill may threaten fish embryos and larvae development
A research team led by scientists at the University of California, Riverside and the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science have found that ultraviolet light is changing the structure of the Deepwater Horizon oil components into something more toxic, further threatening numerous commercially and ecologically important fishes.

Sharper than living matter permits
Max Planck researchers outsmart the biological uncertainty principle.

Novel advancements in radiation tolerance of HEMTs
When it comes to putting technology in space, size and mass are prime considerations.

Stupidity paradox -- why smart people don't think too much at work
Intelligent people don't often think critically at work, as this is often uncomfortable.

Disentangling the plant microbiome
With the human population expected to climb from 7.4 billion to more than 11 billion people by 2100, some scientists hope that manipulating the microbial communities in, on and around plants, the plant microbiome, could open up new ways to meet the growing demand for food.

NASA launches new analog missions webpage
NASA's Human Research Program launched Phase 1 of the NASA Analog Missions website, a site devoted to studies around the world that help prepare for long duration human spaceflight.

Metabolic syndrome linked to sexual dysfunction in older women
In a new study published in The American Journal of Medicine, researchers looked at the role metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease play in postmenopausal women's sexual health.

Nearly half of California nursing home residents complete end-of-life care orders
UCLA-led research finds broad acceptance of written end-of-life care orders among California nursing home residents, with nearly half completing a Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment, or POLST, form in 2011.

Diabetes challenges and inspires family members, study finds
Better outcomes may be possible if family members receive support to help their loved ones with diabetes, according to a major international study with analysis led by a Penn State College of Medicine researcher.

Driving ability of people with cognitive impairment difficult to assess: Research review
No single assessment tool is able to consistently determine driving ability in people with Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment, a St.

Homo erectus walked as we do
Some 1.5-million-year-old footprints provide a window to the life of Homo erectus.

FDA approves scalpel-free brain surgery for tremor pioneered at UVA
'This is a monumental day for people with essential tremor,' one researcher said.

Bicycling may help prevent type 2 diabetes
Habitual cycling, whether as transportation to work or as a recreational activity, is associated with lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Breastfeeding gaps between white, black, and Hispanic mothers in the US
Chapman University has published research on how breastfeeding rates differ among white, black and Hispanic mothers.

NASA sees Hurricane Celia headed for Central Pacific
The Suomi NPP and Aqua satellites captured visible and infrared data on Hurricane Celia as it continues to head west toward the Central Pacific Ocean.

Workplace climate, not women's 'nature,' responsible for gender-based job stress
A study by an Indiana University sociologist subjected both men and women to the negative social conditions that many women report experiencing in male-dominated occupations.

A joint study by Canada's York University and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health examines oxytocin's role in binge eating
A study by York University researcher Caroline Davis and her colleagues at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) is the first to demonstrate that variants of the Oxytocin Receptor (OXTR) gene contribute to why some of us overeat or engage in episodes of binge eating.

Small rise in booze duty could cut violence-related emergency visits by 6,000 a year
A small rise of 1 percent in alcohol prices could significantly reduce violence-related injuries in England and Wales, consequently reducing their burden on hard-pressed emergency departments, concludes a study by Cardiff University.

Progress towards protection from highly lethal Ebola, Marburg viruses
Ebola and Marburg filovirus disease outbreaks have typically occurred as isolated events, confined to central Africa.

Power up: growing neurons undergo major metabolic shift
A new understanding of how developing brain cells come to rely on oxygen may inform the treatment of brain diseases.

Leukemia drug shows early promise for treating Parkinson's disease and dementia
Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder that causes a range of motor and non-motor symptoms.

Social networking app Grindr can be an effective way to distribute HIV home-testing kits
Gay social and sexual networking app Grindr is an effective means through which to distribute HIV self-testing kits among men who have sex with men who have a high risk for contracting the virus.

New approach for regenerative diabetes therapy
The marker Flattop subdivides the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas into those that maintain glucose metabolism and into immature cells that divide more frequently and adapt to metabolic changes.

Tufts' diversity program gives undergraduates experience in key health issues
Seventeen college students from across the country are at Tufts University's Boston campus for 10 weeks to experience life in a lab.

Gecko clearance sale
Reptiles are exceedingly popular as pets, trade is booming. Between 2004 and 2014, official imports to the EU came to just under 21 million live specimens, more than six million of these ended up on the German market.

AGS commends proposed Medicare payment policies to improve care for chronically ill
As a result of ongoing advocacy from the AGS and other specialties, CMS has proposed making payment for a number of services provided to chronically ill older adults -- changes which dramatically improve current payment for chronic care management and management of people transitioning from hospital care to the home.

Estrogen patch in newly postmenopausal women may reduce Alzheimer's risk
Can estrogen preserve brain function and decrease the risk of Alzheimer's disease when given early in menopause?

HRSA grant to Wayne State to support neurodevelopmental disabilities leadership education
Wayne State University recently received a $2.2 million, five-year grant from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration for the project 'Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental and Other Related Disabilities (LEND) Maternal Child Health (MCH) Training Program,' or MI-LEND.

Newly discovered features of collagen may help shed light on disease processes
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health are reporting new, unexpected details about the fundamental structure of collagen, the most abundant protein in the human body.

Extending terahertz technology to obtain highly accurate thickness of automotive paint
In a novel approach to industrial applications of THz technology, a team of German researchers began from the principle that thicknesses of multi-layered paint coatings can be measured using time-of-flight measurements of ultrashort THz pulses.

Research highlights the legal issues of certifying emotional support animals
Service animals are recognized by the ADA as those whose training helps them serve a specific disability-related function.

Robot would assemble modular telescope -- in space
A new concept in space telescope design uses a modular structure and an assembly robot to build an extremely large telescope in space, performing tasks in which astronaut fatigue would be a problem.

Brain pathway contributes to restraining from food temptation triggered by environmental cues
It is often difficult to resist the presentation of a dessert tray or a display of candy bars near a cashier.

Longest study of Great Lakes region birds finds populations holding steady
In three national forests -- the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest in Wisconsin and the Superior and Chippewa National Forests in Northern Minnesota -- analysis of more than two decades of data found overall healthy bird communities, giving researchers and policy-makers a degree of optimism.

2016 International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology
International experts will meet in Brisbane from Aug. 2-5 to share the latest in road safety research with the aim of reducing the global road toll.

UNIST engineers octopus-inspired smart adhesive pads
A joint research team, affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea, has developed octopus-inspired smart adhesive pads.

Study finds increase in snacking related to parental oversight
In a new study examining how parenting contributes to snacking, researchers found that parents who have a hands-off approach to feeding children may unknowingly contribute to an increase in children's snacking.

Scientists move closer to developing therapeutic window to the brain
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside are bringing their idea for a 'Window to the Brain' transparent skull implant closer to reality through the findings of two studies that are forthcoming in the journals Lasers in Surgery and Medicine and Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.

Changes uncovered in the gut bacteria of patients with multiple sclerosis
A connection between the bacteria living in the gut and immunological disorders such as multiple sclerosis have long been suspected, but for the first time, researchers have detected clear evidence of changes that tie the two together.

One-year clinical outcomes with SAPIEN 3 transcatheter aortic valve replacement in high risk and inoperable patients with severe aortic stenosis
Overall one-year survival was over 85 percent for high-risk or inoperable patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with the SAPIEN 3 trans-catheter aortic valve replacement system, according to a study published in the July 12 issue of the American Heart Association journal Circulation.

Study looks at program for Defence Force kids
A James Cook University researcher has been studying the help given to children with a parent deployed on active duty with the military.

Students grasp abstract math concepts after they demonstrate them with arm motions
Emerging research into the mind-body partnership shows students who make relevant arm movements while learning can improve their knowledge and retention of math.

For HIV with substance use, patient navigation, incentives not enough to improve outcomes
A new study has found that among hospitalized patients with HIV infection and substance use, patient navigation (care coordination with case management) and the use of financial incentives did not have a beneficial effect on suppressing HIV after 12 months, compared to treatment as usual.

Patients given financial incentives does not improve outcomes for HIV+ substance users
Interventions to improve the health of HIV-positive people with substance use disorders did no better than usual treatment, according to a study published on July 12th in an HIV/AIDS themed issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

'Big Data' study discovers earliest sign of Alzheimer's development
Scientists at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital have used a powerful tool to better understand the progression of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), identifying its first physiological signs.

Mayo Clinic researchers identify potential immunotherapy drug combination
A drug combination designed to enhance the immune system's ability to zero in and attack cancer cells has shown a pronounced therapeutic effect against advanced and metastatic cancers in mice, according to a Mayo Clinic study, published in the July 12 edition of the online journal Oncotarget.

Largest HIV transmission study conducted
A new study has found that neither gay men nor heterosexual people with HIV transmit the virus to their partner, provided they are on suppressive antiretroviral treatment.

Caregiver assistance increases among home-dwelling functionally disabled older adults
In a study appearing in the July 12 issue of JAMA, Claire K.

Ben Kliger & colleagues offer new strategies for integrating mind-body medicine into primary care
A growing body of research supports the role for mind-body medicine (MBM), including mindfulness, hypnosis, and biofeedback techniques.

New resistance gene found in 'high risk' multidrug-resistant pathogen
A team of Italian investigators has discovered a new variant of an emerging antibiotic resistance mechanism.

New clinical study shows exclusive e-cigarette use reduces exposure to harmful chemicals similar to complete smoking cessation
New peer-reviewed research published today shows that smokers who completely substitute conventional cigarettes with commercial e-cigarettes experience dramatic reductions in exposure to harmful chemicals.

Ice algae: The engine of life in the central Arctic Ocean
Algae that live in and under the sea ice play a much greater role for the Arctic food web than previously assumed.

Male circumcision, HIV treatment can significantly reduce new infections in African men
Increasing the number of men who undergo circumcision and increasing the rates at which women with HIV are given antiretroviral therapy were associated with significant declines in the number of new male HIV infections in rural Ugandan communities, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Health research suggests.

Patients at accredited bariatric surgical centers have fewer postoperative complications
Patients who have weight-loss operations at nonaccredited bariatric surgical facilities in the United States are up to 1.4 times likelier to experience serious complications and more than twice as likely to die after the operation compared with patients who undergo these procedures at accredited bariatric surgical centers, researchers conclude.

Middle-age memory decline a matter of changing focus
The inability to remember details, such as the location of objects, begins in early midlife (the 40s) and may be the result of a change in what information the brain focuses on during memory formation and retrieval, rather than a decline in brain function, according to a study by McGill University researchers.

Suicide rate is 22 percent higher among people with epilepsy than the general population
The suicide rate among people with epilepsy is 22 percent higher than the general population, according to a new study released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, published in Epilepsy & Behavior.

HIV vaccine research requires unprecedented path
Because the body does not readily make an adequate immune response to HIV infection, creating a preventive HIV vaccine remains a formidable challenge for researchers.

Research shows how to get more crop per drop
Boosting food production with limited water availability is of great importance to humanity.

Palliative care offers no additional benefit to caretakers of chronically critically ill
Shannon Carson, M.D., professor of medicine and division chief of Pulmonary Diseases and Critical Care Medicine at the UNC School of Medicine, along with co-principal investigator Judith Nelson, M.D., J.D., at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Christopher Cox, M.D., of Duke University, led a four-year, first-of-its kind clinical study on the effects of palliative care for medical decision-makers.

Engineered 'sand' may help cool electronic devices
Baratunde Cola would like to put sand into your computer.

SwRI's Spencer selected for AGU's Whipple Award
Dr. John Spencer, an Institute scientist at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), is receiving the 2016 Planetary Sciences Section Whipple Award from the American Geophysical Union (AGU).

Scavenger crows provide public service, research shows
Crows are performing a useful function and keeping our environment free from rotting carcasses, research carried out at the University of Exeter in Cornwall has discovered.

These days fecal transplantation is no joke
Fecal transplants are increasingly being used to treat certain human illnesses and there has been a dramatic increase in animal experiments involving fecal material.

Study links overeating in obese mice to altered brain responses to food cues
Obese mice are much more likely than lean mice to overeat in the presence of environmental cues, a behavior that could be related to changes in the brain, finds a new study by a Michigan State University neuroscientist.

2016 recommendations for antiretroviral drugs for the treatment and prevention of HIV infection
In a report appearing in the July 12 issue of JAMA, an HIV/AIDS theme issue, Huldrych F.

European H2020 grant to fight eye cancer for the next 5 years
UM Cure 2020 is a new European Consortium to foster research on metastatic uveal melanoma and identify new treatments for this serious disease.

Why artificial sweeteners can increase appetite
Sydney researchers have revealed for the first time how artificial sweeteners can stimulate appetite in the brain.

DNA origami lights up a microscopic glowing Van Gogh
A technique that allows manmade DNA shapes to be placed wherever desired -- to within a margin of error of just 20 nanometers -- now removes a major hurdle for the large-scale integration of molecular devices on chips.

Today's teenagers could become prematurely hearing-impaired, study warns
According a recent study, teenagers are increasingly experiencing tinnitus, often a symptom of hearing loss, as a result of using ear buds to listen to music for long periods every day, as well as frequenting very noisy places like nightclubs, discos and rock concerts.

Selfish mitochondria implicated in a variety of diseases
A Vanderbilt research team has identified some of the methods that allow mutant mitochondrial DNA to act selfishly by circumventing the molecular mechanisms that cells use to regulate mitochondrial activity.

Researchers make advance in possible treatments for Gaucher, Parkinson's diseases
National Institutes of Health researchers have identified and tested a molecule that shows promise as a possible treatment for the rare Gaucher disease and the more common Parkinson's disease.

The colon is defended from bacteria by a self-sacrificing sentinel cell
A lone Sentinel cell monitors and coordinates the defense of the entrance to the colon's most sensitive parts.

As body mass index increases, so does spread of multiple myeloma
In a new study, American University researchers show how, as body mass index increases, so does the growth and spread of the blood cancer multiple myeloma.

Suomi NPP satellite sees depression becoming Tropical Storm Darby
The Suomi NPP satellite captured a visible image of Tropical Storm Darby as it was developing in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Suicide prevention hotlines should expand digital services, partner with health systems
Suicide prevention hotlines take many shapes, from large national enterprises to small operations focused on narrow geographic areas.

How birds unlock their super-sense, ultraviolet vision
The ability of finches, sparrows, and many other birds to see a visual world hidden to us is explained in a study published in the journal eLife.

Discovery of mechanisms triggering excess antibody production during chronic infection
Some autoimmune diseases and persistent infections are characterized by high levels of antibodies in the blood.

Camp stability predicts patterns of hunter-gatherer cooperation
Reciprocal food-sharing is more prevalent in stable hunter-gatherer camps, shows new UCL research that sheds light on the evolutionary roots of human cooperation.

Entanglement: Chaos
Using a small quantum system consisting of three superconducting qubits, researchers at UC Santa Barbara and Google have uncovered a link between aspects of classical and quantum physics thought to be unrelated: classical chaos and quantum entanglement.

NIST leads federal effort to save lives and property from windstorms
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is now the lead agency for the National Windstorm Impact Reduction Program, giving it the primary responsibility for planning and coordinating the collaboration of federal agencies charged with achieving 'major measurable reductions in the losses of life and property from windstorms.'

Increasing rates of medical male circumcision, female ART coverage linked with lower rates of HIV
In a study appearing in the July 12 issue of JAMA, an HIV/AIDS theme issue, Xiangrong Kong, Ph.D., of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, and colleagues examined whether increasing community medical male circumcision and antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage was associated with reduced community HIV incidence in Uganda.

Top news outlets see more risks than benefits in employees' use of social media
Jayeon Lee, assistant professor of journalism at Lehigh University, finds in a new study that news organizations are more concerned about the current social media environment than excited about it at least when it comes to their employees.

NASA eyes first-ever carbon-nanotube mirrors for CubeSat telescope
A lightweight telescope that a team of NASA scientists and engineers is developing specifically for CubeSat scientific investigations could become the first to carry a mirror made of carbon nanotubes in an epoxy resin.

Studies find that manipulating gut microbes may reverse the negative effect of a high fat
Did you know that your gut sends neural messages to the brain to tell it when it is full?

Lighter weights just as effective as heavier weights to gain muscle, build strength
New research from McMaster University is challenging traditional workout wisdom, suggesting that lifting lighter weights many times is as efficient as lifting heavy weights for fewer repetitions.

Danforth Plant Science Center & Valent BioSciences collaborate in root science initiative
A Master Agreement will focus on improving agriculture with non-destructive imaging technology for root growth dynamics.

Tiny microchips enable extreme science
A family of microchips have been specifically designed to measure particles in space, the very stuff that can create radiation hazardous to satellite computers.

Just add water? New MRI technique shows what drinking water does to your appetite, stomach and brain
Stomach MRI images combined with functional fMRI of the brain activity have provided scientists new insight into how the brain listens to the stomach during eating.

Stress relief by 'comfort foods' may vary between sexes and across the estrous cycle
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have found that the brain networks that mediate stress relief after eating highly palatable foods may vary between males and females, and may also depend on the stage of the estrous cycle.

Advancing self-driving car design, other shared human- and machine-controlled systems
University of Massachusetts Amherst computer science graduate students Kyle Wray and Luis Pineda, with their professor Shlomo Zilberstein, today described a new approach to managing the challenge of transferring control between a human and an autonomous system, in a paper they presented at the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in New York City.

Interventions do not improve viral suppression among hospitalized patients with HIV infection
In a study appearing in the July 12, 2016 issue of JAMA, an HIV/AIDS theme issue, Lisa R.

First-of-its-kind survey debunks notion of monolithic youth vote
Issues surrounding race and ethnicity are driving factors in the voting calculus of many young people of color and a majority of all young people believe the US is a long way from achieving racial equality, according to a GenForward survey from the Black Youth Project at the University of Chicago with The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Study shows a rising, but uneven, tide of in-home care for disabled seniors
More seniors are getting help from family, friends and hired helpers to keep them in their homes, despite disabilities that keep them from total independence, a new study finds.

New US recommendation for diabetes screening may miss ethnic minority groups
In response to the worldwide diabetes epidemic, many countries are focusing healthcare efforts in order to improve evidence-based diabetes prevention and treatments.

Social exchange app might help turn collaboration into currency
A focus on symmetrical activities -- and smart technology -- may be critical to creating applications that allow people to negotiate transactions with their time, rather than their money, according to Penn State researchers.

Your diet plan isn't working? New Baylor research explains why
Dieters tend to adopt the wrong strategies, often planning to ditch their favorite foods and replace them with less-desirable options, according to new research from Baylor University's Hankamer School of Business.

Are brain changes fueling overeating in the obese?
Obese mice are much more likely than lean mice to overeat in the presence of environmental cues, a behavior that could be related to changes in the brain, finds a new study by a Michigan State University neuroscientist.

Weights of Division III football linemen up 38 percent since 1956, Tufts researchers report
A study by researchers at Tufts University School of Medicine found that on average offensive linemen from a Division III college football conference weighed 38 percent more in 2014 than they did in 1956, while the average male's weight over the same time increased only 12 percent.

US pediatric hospitals vary greatly in costs, practices for children with asthma
Children's hospitals vary greatly in managing inpatients with asthma, according to researchers who analyzed hospital records in a large national database.

Study examines risk of HIV transmission from condomless sex with virologically suppressed HIV infection
Among nearly 900 serodifferent (one partner is HIV-positive, one is HIV-negative) heterosexual and men who have sex with men couples in which the HIV-positive partner was using suppressive antiretroviral therapy and who reported condomless sex, during a median follow-up of 1.3 years per couple, there were no documented cases of within-couple HIV transmission, according to a study appearing in the July 12 issue of JAMA, an HIV/AIDS theme issue.

MSU builds high-tech test track to improve crop performance
Automakers torture test their cars on special tracks that simulate real driving conditions.

Stem cells feel the force
A team of scientists led by Sara Wickström, Principal Investigator at CECAD, the Cluster of Excellence in Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-associated Diseases at the University of Cologne, gained new insights into how stem cells feel and respond to external mechanical forces by changing the way DNA is organized in the nucleus, and thereby the expression of genes that are required for stem cell differentiation.

Rice wins interdisciplinary 'big data' grant
A National Science Foundation grant will support a research training group that combines the talents of Rice University statistics and computer science students to better handle 'big data' challenges.

Study finds broad range of 'independence' for US young adults
The idea of what it means to become 'independent' has evolved significantly in recent generations, and new research finds that the concept of being either dependent or independent doesn't apply to almost half of young adults in the United States.

Genes versus chromosomes: A battle for expression in fly testes
Unique sex chromosomes occur in many species. An unequal pair of sex chromosomes, each carrying a different complement of genes, requires specific efforts to regulate and balance the expression of sex-chromosomal genes.

New antidepressant target discovered
Scientists have shown how manipulating a novel target in the brain using gene therapy could lead to new treatments for depression.

Research finds social influence can prompt healthier eating choices
Researchers from the University of Birmingham have found that exposure to social-based messages promoting healthy eating can increase consumption of fruit and vegetables and reduce consumption of high-calorie snacks.

Education's 'power' to prevent type 2 diabetes
A University of Leicester study suggests people can reduce their chances of getting type 2 diabetes by completing a new education program.

NYU Meyers study on global nurse migration trends
A total of 177 countries were eligible for inclusion in the study, representing findings from 200,453 IEN applicants to the United States between 2003 and 2013.

Regine von Klitzing awarded the EPJ E Pierre-Gilles de Gennes Lecture Prize for 2016
The journal EPJ E -- Soft Matter and Biological Physics has awarded German physicist Regine von Klitzing the 2016 EPJ E Pierre-Gilles de Gennes Lecture Prize.

Deepest ever look into Orion
ESO's HAWK-I infrared instrument on the Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile has been used to peer deeper into the heart of Orion Nebula than ever before.

UChicago leads Simons Foundation collaboration to study the physics of glass
The international Simons Collaboration on Cracking the Glass Problem aims to build upon recent theoretical advances to achieve a unified and general understanding of the glass transition.

How to grow a glowing flower: The chemistry of fluorescence (video)
If you have ever seen objects 'glow' under a black light, you're familiar with fluorescence.

Study identifies 'book deserts' -- poor neighborhoods lacking children's books -- across country
A study led by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development finds a startling scarcity of children's books in low-income neighborhoods in Detroit, Washington, D.C., and Los Angeles.

El Niño played a key role in Pacific marine heatwave, as did potentially climate change
The Northeast Pacific's largest marine heatwave on record was at least in part caused by El Niño climate patterns.

Ernst & Young supports a beauty contest judged by robots
Beauty.AI 2.0, a platform, where human beauty is evaluated by a jury of robots and algorithm developers compete on novel applications of machine intelligence to perception is supported by Ernst and Young.

Help at hand for people watching their weight
Researchers from the University of Sydney's Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders have developed a portable and easy-to-use method to help people estimate portion size using only their hands.

Religiosity diminishes conservative opposition to eco-friendly buying
Researchers from Rice University and Baruch College have found evidence that religious identification and belief in a god dampen the otherwise strong negative effect that political conservatism typically has on whether people make purchasing decisions with concern for the environment in mind. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to